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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, July 03, 1917, Image 2

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Troops Ordered to Shoot to Kill
Total Number of Dead Esti
mated by Police to Reach
into Hundreds.
(Continued from First Page.)
war recovered from the ruln
home and the nearby creek.
When the fire companlea attempted
to check the flamea last night and In
the early morning: hours, their work
was hampered by vandals, who cut
the hose and turned off the water at
the lire plugs.
Gnimmt SlfkU.
Undertaker wagons, waiting for
bodies of the dead, stood hacked
against th curbs today. Through the
eight they were also there except
for trips to undertaking establish
ments to deposit mutilated bodies.
In the renewed rioting today a band
of negroes fired upon a company of
National Guardsmen which was rush
lng to their rescue. The attacking
blacks were arrested and taken to
The Jail and city prisons are full
and detention camps, with guards
about them, are being used to car
for the overflow arrests.
JTegro'a Explanation.
C IV. Wallace, editor of a negro
publication, said the race feeling "'
revived when a party of Joy-riders
fired Into the homes of negroes.
When the rioting began a bell in
a negro church tower was rung. This
was regarded as a prearranged signal,
.and 00 negroes formed ready for
rnarcu. They quickly became disor
ganized, however, and ran before the
Last night the troops had no orders
to shoot to kill. If rioting continues
today they will carry out orders to
ehoot with deadly aim.
Driven Over Horned Area.
Frank S. Dickson, adjutant general
et Illinois, reached East St. Louis to
day, and was driven over the burn
ed area.
"It Is the most terrible thing I
have ever seen." he ssld. while the
recovery of bodies went on and the
mob spirit still was rampant.
"I believe the worst- is over." said
Colonel Tripp, In command of the
thousand national guardsmen, -rnis
statement was made before word
f-am nf tfc formation of an aveng-
lng mob of blacks from surrounding
All Salnonn Closed.
All saloons here are closed. Motion
pictures theater are indefinitely
closed also.
A search Is on today for Dr. Bundy,
alleged leader of the black mob. He
Is accused of leading the negro mob
that shot Officer Coppedge yesterday
morning. This shooting brought
back the racial hate that caused a
small riot here several weeks ago.
It Is estimated that 500 persons,
white and black are under arrest to
day. A grand jury investigation will
be started at once.
Battering rams were used by the
mobs In breaking Into negro homes.
Few Whites Hart.
It is claimed that two white men
were killed by negro snipers. In the
absence of an official count It la not
believed that more than half a dozen
white persons were killed or danger
ously Injured.
The mob worked with the rapid ex
ecution of the famed avenging ex
ploits of the old Ku Klux Klan. It
applied the torch with the merclless
ness of the "Night Riders" of the
tobacco fields.
There la belief here today that not
a few negroes were Incinerated in
their cabins, preferring to remsln
thre rather than dash upon the
street and run the gantlet In the
streets filled with enraged and armed
Worst In History.
Because the destructlveness and the
spectacle of fire were added, the race
riots of East St. Louis unenvlably be
come today the worst racial conflict
this country has known.
Several years ago the country was
horrified by the riots at Springfield
and Atlanta, but these were mere
skirmishes of hatred compared to the
riots In East St. Louis.
The night was a revel of torch and
gun. White men, even white women
and girls, In temporary madness, surg
ed through the streets and drove be
fore them terrorized negroes who left
burning homes.
Two White 31 en Slain.
Outside of the scores of colored
men and women who were shot and
beaten, two white men were killed
by negro snipers and at least three
negroes were lynched. This was the
revised estimate today.
Many of the victims were negroes
from the cotton fields of the South
who "went North" last year after
listening to the promise of labor
agents regarding big wages and
"equality." These colored men had
been accustomed now and then to
the newa of another session of Judge
Lynch's court. They had never seen
a city gone mad and lynching by
wholesale. Their terror waa all the
more tragic because of this and some
r-of them died as they fell on their
knees, praying as though It were
"Jedgment Day."
Retaliation at Desperation.
If the negroes retaliated, ll was
the retaliation of desperation, and' not
of united purpose. Caught -off guard,
the residents of the colored section
of the city stampeded like frightened
animal. The size and noise of the
onrushlng white mobs overpowered
them and benumbed their sense of
Tba fife, too, unnerved the denizen
of the "black vallsy" of East St.
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She Was the First American Woman to "Adopt" and Write to One of Our
Boys "Somewhere In France."
Louis 'and sent them scurrying
through the streets where death
awaited. One who knows the aver
age .negro know bow quickly he I
rendered hysterical and helpless by
the sight of his property burning.
Thousand Shrieked Out.
When fire runs through five city
blocks, when there Is no light except
the reflection of Incendiary flames.
when the flash and bark, of guns and
pistols Is seen and heard and the
swish of the lynchers' rope I added
to the thouaand noises and cries of
a mob "hell bent." the negro be
comes more or less a frightened ani
mal and there were thousands of
them who acreamed their fears as
they were pursued here last night.
The smoke from negro tenements
hung over the city for hours, both
during and after the fire. While the
conflagration aeemed at Its worst the
smoke pall lifted, and down an alley
one might see a negro as he was
lynched. Through some whim the
mob decided not to shoot hint; hang
ing was his death sentence.
Shots Blend With Cries.
That portion of the mob attending
to this particular act of vengeance
crowded close against the walls of the
alleyway. Those In the rear craned
necks to see the negro In his death
agonies. In the streets beyond the
echoes of revolvers were hard, and
liegro omen and women could be seen
on their knees asking for mercy.
. The rioters took more fiondlsh
pleasure In the lynching of a negro
than in his mere shooting. A group
of fifty swung a colored man In the
air. throwing a rope over the arm nf
a telegraph pole. The rope was old;
It broke, and the negro fell u'uen
feet. The crowd laughed.
Laughed at Sight.
"Bum work." they yelled "String
him up again."
Some of them laughed as the body
of their victim toppled down.
He was killed by the fall and It
wasn't necessary to string him up
Another group of white men espied
three negroes escaping from a burn
ing house. They shot them as they
In their terror the negroes of nist
St. Louis sent a courier to Br i l.'ya.
III., a town settled almost entirely by
blacks. Brooklyn negroei organized
a colored mob to march upon Hast
St. Louis, but they were turned back
at the bridge by truck loads of sol
diers hurried there by Colonel Tripp.
who was In command of the guardf
men. Old neoentment Underneath.
Underlying the riots was the old
resentment because of the Importa
tion of colored workmen from the
The direct contributing cause was
the assassination by a small band of
negroes of Detective Sergeant Cop
pedge early yesterday. All day the
riot spirit grew and before 6 o'clock
the white mobs began operations in
broad daylight.
As night came on the telephone and
telegraph wires were cut and the
electric lights put out of commission.
At this the mob became bolder, the
field of operations broadened, end
maddened men, by the thousands,
began an Invasion of "black valley."
Women Beaten
Here and there white women and
girls Joined In the outlawry. Colored
women were dragged from street cars
by these feminine rioters and were
beaten In the streets.
Most of those shot and killed were
male blacks, but the mob did not draw
fine distinctions, and If a colored wo
man or youth got In the path of the
mob a bullet did the rest.
Ten Thousand Rioter.
The mob was at It best in Illegal
efficiency about 8 o'clock last night.
At that time authorities estimated
that fully 10,000 whites had descend
ed upon the city's black belt. Them
were sporadic encounter with mobs
of colored men, but the whites wero
In practically compute possession of
that portion of East St. Louis. J
A few minutes after 8 o'clock two'
new companies of national guards
men from ShelbyvllI and Effingham
arrived. The guardsmen were met
at the station by motor van and
drives rapidly to the riot district.
They leaped from the van and start
d up the street, clicking their rifle.,
aa they went.
230 Taken To JalL,
A they arrived a mob wa drag
ging an aged negro through IhV
streets at the end of a. ropa, Ajpar-
ently he had been beaten Into lmen
slbtllty. His captors, about 230 In
number, were surrounded by the sol
diers and taken to Jail. In the num
ber were a number of bystander and
newspapermen. All were held In Jail
for several hour. Eventually all
were released except about seventy
five men who were believed to he
among the leaders of. the rioters.
The "black valley" was in flam-
by 7 o'clock. It burnod for hours.
fire having been started at different
places In the five blocks. Hundreds
of negroes remained In their homes
Until the smoke and flames drove
toem out.
Some Co Across River.
Some escaped across the river; oth
ers were shot as they ran from their
doorwaya or down the street. Spec
tators say that many of the bodies of
slain negroes were thrown Into Ca
hokla creek. The exact number of
killed probably will never be known.
Half grown .boys and girls were
scattered among the more mature
rioters. When three negroes were
shot down at Colllngsvllle and State
streets both men and women kicked
their bodies and belabored them with
Well dressed girls and women
their clothing spotted with blood
shouted encouragement to the men
aa they pursued their colored victims.
Girls Beat TCegress.
Two girls, apparently about twen
ty years old. took a colored woman
oft a street car. They beat her with
their shoes.
Various scouting parties of the mob
hunted L. 11. Bundy, a negro physi
cian, all night. Bundy waa believed
to have been one of the negroes who
Incited the black to the Monday
morning outbreak, which resulted In
the slaying of the police officer. He
has not been found, and probably fled
the city.
There wa general prals for the
conduct of the national guardsmen
called to quell the riot. A number of
the guardsmen were under fire for the
first time. Some of them had no op
portunity to get Into their uniforms,
and rushed to the riot district clad
In overalls and street coats.
When the rioting was at Its height
a colored mob surrounded the homes
of a dozen or more white families.
The whites barricaded themselves
against attack. The militiamen ar
rived Just in time to bring about a
rescue and prevent a pitched battle
One militiaman was Injured while
rescuing a negro woman and child.
He had lost his rifle and revolver, but
kept the Invadera at bay until help
NEW TOBK. July 3 "Swift and se
vere punishment" for the mobs which
wiped out the negro section of East
St. Louis and burned their property
was demanded by the Socialist Lead
er. William English Walling. In a
telegram tn President Wilson today.
Such punishment Is necessary. Wall
lng raid, because "of the dsngerou
effect nf race riots in America tin
revolutionary Russia, South America
and Japan. ,
Walling characterized the ifprlslnir
as partly result of German agents' ef
forts to stir up a race war to keep
American troops at home and partly
the result of an attempt by the South
era States to keep the negro under
their thumb.
Speaking as a member of the execu
tive committee of the National Asso
ciation for the Advancement of Col
ored People, Walling In his telegram
"Savages at East St. Louis deliber
ately prepared this riot for a whole
month. Without military excuse. It
waa worse, therefore, than anything
the Germans did In Belgium, and
compared only to the Jewish massa
cres under the Czar.
'The pretext of labor Invasion Is
Invalid. There Is no oversupply of
labor anywhere In ths country today.
lit Tf.iiii.arr i.-. ini. r.v
Shemer, four years old, tho youngest
newsboy In Hutchinson, lugged a
glass fruit Jar containing 50 In pen
nles, nickels, and dimes, his savings
of a yesr. to Manager Magulre, of the
Harvey House, here, early this month
"fiend It to Mr. Wilson to help whip
the Kaiser," the little chap said as ha
turned over his savings..
The first American "war god
mother" wrote a letter today to the
first American soldier In France to
be "adopted."
Mrs. Frederick William demons.
of the Northumberland, was the
woman who today took the Initial
step In what will become a country
wide movement among thousands of
patriotic American women to add to
the happiness and comfort of our
soldier boys fighting in France who
have no one "back home" to write to
them. Mrs. Clemons Is a member of
the League of American Pen Women
and the D. A. R.
Instructions have been given by
War Department officials that those
who want to be war godmothers to
homeless American soldiers should ad
dress a letter to:
"A Soldier,
"American Expeditionary Forces,
"Somewhere In France."
Sammies Will Reply.
The letters will be delivered by
company commandera to soldiers who
want to be adopted, and they will re
ply giving their names.
Mrs. Clemons wa the first woman
to respond last Friday to the appeal
of The Time for godmother to home
less American soldiers, and today be
came the first woman to write a
soldier that he had been officially
Mrs. demons' letter follows:
To a Soldier.
American Expeditionary Forces.
Somswhere In France.
My Dear Godson:
In writing you this first letter
let me tell you that, with the ap
proval of the War Departmcn',
I have the honor to be your offi
cial godmother. Though I have
never seen "you, and you have
never seen me, I Just want you to
know that some on In the ni.ne
iand Is thinking of your welfare
and eager to be helpful to you.
When you answer this letter I
hvpe you will tell me wh-t I can
Ac to make your life on tho field
a little gladder, more comfortable
and happier, for this Is the way
I can heartsomely do my bit, and.
more than this, I fancy that all
soldier men need mothering now
and then.
I will Inclose an addressed en
velope which you may not have
at hand when you feel like writ
ing me.
Waiting to Hear.
So tell me of your needs, my
dear godson, believing that I
shall be waiting to hear of your
work and your play and your
brave, splendid service under, the
flag we both love. And wher
ever your order may lead you. by
day or by night. I beg you tee re
member that across the ocean
there Is one who prays for you.
one who claims for you the un
folding saving grace of the real
Protecting Presence.
It Is your godmother.
(Mrs. F. W.)
The Northumberland, Washing
ton, D. C.
July the third, 1117.
Cavalry Enlistment Station to Be
Used by Yonlhs.
Washington will see another re
cruiting drive when the Boy Scouts
open headquarters at the present
cavalry 'station In F street In an ef
fort to bring their organization of
2.200 up to 0,000
"Every boy a Scout" will be the re
crijltlni? slogan. Methods learned by
association with the military re
cruiters will be used to attract boys
to the organization.
A series of lantern slides and mo
tion pictures will be shown. Window
displays of the equipment of a Boy
Scout will be placed In the windows.
The boys are wanted for war serv
Ice. After Joining they will be drilled
In the fundamentals of scout religion
until they are ready to answer any
call made upon them.
The scouts will participate In Inde
pendence Day exercises tomorrow
About 100 of them will be detailed to
the Monument Grounds tn aid In look
ing after the crowds. The Washing
ton Drum and Bugle Corps, composed
entirely of scouts, will play at the
Petworth celebration.
Nephew of German Emperor Eager
to Aid U. S. In War.
DETROIT. Julv 3. Johann Wll
helm, nephew of the Kaiser, would
take up the gun against Germany If
the age limit of selective service were
raised to include him.
Count von Hohenrollern Is his title,
lie was born In Detroit and has been
here for the last seven years.
The count's Identity was disclosed
when he applied to Marshal Dehrendt
for permission to enter districts re
stricted to Germans.
While he spent the greater part
of his forty-soven years In Germany.
Johann was born here while his par
ents were touring the United States.
Ills father Is a brother of lilll Hohen
zollern. 'AMERICA FIRST r
Post Toasties
"SanHlSW ssVTs rL
and ?l(
Unless the State or Federal Govern
ment Intervene at once to check the
sale of milch cows for butchering.
New York, Philadelphia, and New
Jersey will be paying 25 cents a quart
for milk within one year, anu wjii
find It scarce at that price.
This is the opinion of many of the
biggest farmers In the great New Jer
aey dairy belt, of which Wrlghtstown
Is the center. The foundation for
their prediction Is confirmed In the
records of public sales of live stock
In Burlington county during the last
month. In which M) per cent of tne
milch cows have been purchased by
butcher to be converted Into beef. Jn
dozen of Intances the butcher havo
outbid the farmers who wanted the
cow for dairying purposes.
Farmers consider It of sufficient im
portance to comment upon the fact
that a large percentage of the pur
chasing agents for the butchera are of
German lineage. The governing mar
ket prices of beef, however, would
permit any butcher to come into tne
sales mart and bid successfully
against what a farmer would think
he could pay for a cow for his dairy.
Yet It Is a significant fact that no
more certain scheme for crippling tba
dairy output and stock breeding could
be devised than the slaughtering or
milch cows by the hundreds aa at pres
It takes three years to raise a cow
to milk-producing age. Many farmers
are selling their herds, having become
dissatisfied wltM the dairy business
and Its small and uncertain profits and
will raise no more cows, and It will be
ten years before the herds, already
depleted this year can be restored,
even under Government supervision.
The New Jersey State agricultural
authorities are Investigating the con
ditions and are alarmed by what they
have discovered. The dairying de
partment may make a special report
to Govrrnor Edge and urge some rec
ommendations for checking the rapid
extermination of the dairy animals.
The department ha dlacovered that
It I largely the farmers who keep
records of their dairy costs and profits
who are selling their herds. These
farmera blame the present high cost
of feed and the wholesale milk prices
for their quitting the business. It Is
asserted by State experts that the
average dairymen are actually selling
milk at wholesale at a loss of from
to 3 cents a quart on each quart pro
duced. The summer grazing will help In
reducing the cost of keeping the
herds for the next few weeks, but the
rtatement Is made that by midsum
mer the prices to the farmer muit
advance to 8 cents a quart This
means milk at 12 or IS cents a quart
In the cities. "Babies first" will cer
tainly become an official milk slogan
In many of the markets supplied by
the central Jersey dairies before the
end of the year.
When the farmers' on the great
C.OOO-aire tract taken by the Govern
ment for Its army cantonment, near
Wrlghtstown. begin to move out of
their homes next week, about COO pro
ducing milch cows will be forced on
the market. '
School Boys Sought in Systematic
Drive for Recruits.
The navy recruiting station today
began a systematic campaign to en
list schoolboy radio operators In the '
service. Communications are being '
sent to each member of local wireless '
clubs urging that they come In and ,
talk It over.
"The grade of landsman for elee-
triclan. In Khlch the boys would be,
enlisted furnishes many .attractive I
advantages, said Lieut. I K. Morgan.'
In charge of the station todayi -Com-!
petent operators of the Morse code orj
with a sufficient foundation in radio.
telegraphy between the ages of sev
enteen and twenty-five are In de
mand. "The applicant must be able to re-
Harold Lockwood
Haunted Pajamas
Another Strong Statement
The amalgam used In our
fillings at f 1 00 Is as good aa
that used by any dentist regard
less of what he charges. None
better can be bought.
DR. EVANS, Vero Dentist
12th and I'a. Ate. X. W.
Mrs. Wilson's Ham,
Given To Joifres,
Eaten By Pershing
TARIS, July 3-That Vlrglnla
ham which Mrs. Woodrow WI1-"
son sent to Mme. Joffre waa the
principal feature of an Informal
dinner last night at the Joffre
home at which General Pershing
waa the guest.
Mme. Joffre acted as Interpre
ter between the marshal and
General Pershing when Persh
ing's French proved Inadequate.
When Marshal Je f f re was here,
Mra. Wilson learned at the White
House dinner to the French mis
sion that both "Papa" Joffre and
his wire were fond of ham.
So she made him a present of
a huge augar-sured ham to take
back to Paris.
reive About twenty words a minute
and pass a creditable examination In
speellng and penmanship, berore he
Is given a physical xamlnatlon.
Sold By All
think of nothing better UNTIL THERE CA3DE PALM BEACH. '
j PALM BEACH has changed the clothing habits of the civilized
world. It has put a zest and joy into the hottest months of the
year. It is a happy step forward in the Business of Living.
I Cool, washable, shapely it will wear as faithfully as your
worsted and give you a lot more comfort.
9 JT i"- BnaanaanaanaanaanaanaanaanaanaanaanH'ia ffrE.-
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" Ujsa'j B IW 1 1 f I 3 Mil lsr""'LTn'l . ClIH I knH UnKl lsnBnBnBnBm
"The kettle's boiling already breakfast will be done in a jiffy."
The New Perfection cooks fast or slow as you like.
The flame is always visible, always Ask your dealer to show you the re
steady. It's the Long Blue Chimney versible glass reservoir a new and
insuring perfect combustion that exclusive feature.
For hot weather comfort, cook on a a superior kerosene, always clean and
New Perfection. - clear-burning, is most satisfactory.
Washington, D. O
Norfolk. Va.
Richmond. Va.
French Diplomat Shows Interest in
Commnnity Center.
Showing his Interest In the use of
schools as centers for community
activities. Jules Jusssrand. French
ambassador, will participate In the
Independence Day exercises of the
Park View Citizens' Association at the
Park View School at 3 o'clock tomor
row. The ambassador's Interest re
sults from the ues of schools In
France for like purposes.
Senator Robert D. Owen, father of
a bill providing the broader use of
schools tor community purposes, and
Dr. P. P. Claxton, United States com
missioner of Education, also will be
Residents of the community wilt
hold an old-fashioned picnic In the
Soldiers' Home grounds, weather per
mitting. Each person will bring his
own provisions.
The set program begins at 3
o'clock. Following the speaking
there will be an exhibition of rhyth
mic dancing by the younc women and
girls 'of the community-
the days of Summer Sanity,
derby for a straw packed away his Test and stepped
confidently into July. I No wonder he sweltered.
Bat while he frowned at wools and worsteds,, he could
a a. ! ill mrr
rffP T POOQML WgaitJ GO.
(New Jersey)
Charlotte. N. C
Charleston. W. Va.
- Charleston. S. C
Benedict Worried;
Kept His Affairs
A Bit Too! Secret
The married men
"Who can crov that a man has
dependents?" that Jr4the ques
tion. An effort Is blng mad
here to secure further rating from
Provost Marshal General Crowds r.
According to the regulation
prescribed by th President for
the draft a married man sesRlng
exemption must present an affa
davit from his wife setting forth
her dependency and aniaffadavtt
from the head of a family, other
than that-of the persoi seeking
exemption. ' l
It, is th second affadavlt that
Is causing the married men to
worry. Married men 'are not
prone to discuss their, financial
standing with others Vjan mem
bers of their families arid there
fore there are few persons resid
ing In the local dlstrlctlwho can
make an affidavit concerning th
financial standing of at married
man. !
Good Clothiers
Man changed his

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