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WEATHER FORECAST: COMPLETE AFTERNOON Fair Tonight and Friday With 1:30 Wall Street jr NUMBER 10,217. WASHINGTON, THURSDAY EVENING. JULY 5. 1917. PRICE ONE CENT. HUNT FOR GERMAN SPIES BEGINS 20,000 FOES SUMO SLAV FORCES IN BIG SMASH Teutons Still Battle Desperately to Save Positions on Way to Capital of Galicia New Re public Stronger. PETBOGRAD, July 5-Neariy 20,000 German and Austro-Hun)rar-lan prisoners are now in the hands of the Russians as a result of the first three days fighting in the new offensive. Around Brzerany the battle still rages, the Germans and Austro-Hun-garians fighting desperately to re tain their high positions along the Tamopol-Hohatyn railway, west of the Zlota Lipa river. Severe loss of life has been inflict ed upon the Austro-German troops, but dispatches from the front today admitted 'that the Russian advances had cost "sacrifices." Road to Lemberg Hard. German reserve troopi mostly Saxons who were taken captive said that the Teutons were demoral ized by the aevere artillery Are, aa they had been led to believe that the ttussianshad -no ammunition. In the Koniuchy-Zboroft sector, also In Galicia. heavy artillery activ ity was followed by Infantry thrutls. The Germans undertook counter at tack, but these were repelled. It Is real lied here that the advance on Lemberg must be slow, aa the Austrc-German forces have had time to prepare elaborate defensive works. But a thrill of energy and hope is passing; through the entire Russian nation and the atmosphere in the capital has undergone decided change for the better. Patriotism Revived. Pride and patriotism are exerting their influences. A great mass meet ing was held in front of the Kazan Cathedral when the Social Democrat leader Blckanoff made a speech call ing for the whole-hearted support of the nation for the army. The eyes of all Russia are strained towards Galicia and news of further advances and further capturea Is eagerly awaited. HAIG ADVANCES LINE IN BELGIAN LOWLANDS LONDON". July 5. Continuing his tactics of "mixing" his blows at the Germans, Field Marshal Halg last night struck successfully at the enemy southwest of Hollebeke, In Belgium. "We advanced our line slightly ever a front of 600 yards," he re ported today. The new uppercut at the German Unea found Us Impact in that section where the British achieved their great gains by the Messlnes-Wyt-achaete ridge victory. There has been but little fighting In this sail ent for a week. Hollebeke Is three mile southeast of l'pres. It Is the northernmost point in the sharp angle formed at Comlnes by Junction of the rpres-Lllle canal and the tiver Lye At the time of the Mes (Continued on Third rage.) For Exchange Look around the house and see if you cant tind some useful article that you dont need. Someone else would probably be very glad to ex change something they have, that you want very badly, for it. It is just a question of each of you finding the other. The "For Exchange" column now appearing in The Times offers a happy solution to this problem. A three-line advertisement of approxi mately 18 words costs only 25 cents each insertion. A NEW BAUfACAAN-glse 40. for table thermos bottle. Write BOX US, Times of- Bee. X PLATES PIANO-Cost CM; 3 rtsrs oM: for smaU r Isur. Write BOX CI, Times stflee. XLCrlUarnATOIt Praellesny new. hoMlnr. lbs. lee., for a me aeeanjr or wicker ehalr. 1M Hobs it st. N. W. Ph. Col. . (Other aavertlseets uder "For eJur" en IX.) Kerensky's Plea Warned of Peril In Talk of Peace Here are War Minister Ker ensky's words that inspired the Russian army in Its great of fensive. The full text of the speech was received here today by the Russian mission, Kerensky said: "Warriors! Our motherland is In danger. Freedom and revo lution are In pe'rlL Each day lost adds new strength to our enemies; only an Immediate de cisive blow can disrupt the plans or the foe. All nations must know It was not through weakness that we talked peace. Let them know that liberty augments our forces. "In the name of liberty, fu ture prosperity and for a last Ing, honorable peace, I command you, forward!" Kerensky then personally led the troops Into action. AS SUFFRAGETTES APPEAR AT TRIAL Trial of the cases of disorderly conduct against thirteen suffragettes and three men arrested for partici pating In a riot at the White House yesterday began In the Police Court this afternoon before a capacity audience. The courtroom was sacked almost to suffocation, and the srisoners showed unmistakable evidence of the strain of belnsr cooOed no for mora 'tbanisrenty-four hours. Alleged Few Casfs. Rfnggold, Hart, assistant -corporation counsel, separated the charges Into four cases. Miss Kitty Marlon, who waa selling "The Suffragist." the official organ of "the cause," n front of the White House, was charged with "fighting" with Charles E. Morgan, a War De partment clerk. The two were Joint ly charged with participating In a little melee of their own. Miss Gladys H. Grlner, Miss Mar garet F. Whlttemore. Miss Vlda MII holland. Mrs. Helena Hill Weed and Miss Iris R. Calderhead were charged with obstructing the street at the east gate of the White House. Miss Hazel Hunklns. Mrs. Francis B. Greene, Miss Elizabeth Stuyvesant. jaisa joy loung, Mrs. Luclelle Shields, Miss Lucy Burns, and Miss Dora Lewis were charged with disorderly conduct at the west gate. William J. Cain and Arthur L. SlmD. son faced charges cf disorderly con duct in having attempted to wrest banners from women. Moron Fights Case. Attorney Matthew O'Brien Insisted that Morgan had done nothing but tear up a copy of the Suffragist, which Miss Marlon handed to him. Miss Lucy Barns was designated as "counsel" for the suffragettes, although she Is not a lawyer. Before the trial began the suffra gettes announced they would pay no flees. Judge Alexander Mullowney will be called upon to make a ruling as to whether the women will be allowed to argue the cause of suffrage in their defense. While awaiting trial the suffraget tes, under the leadership of Mrs. Abby Scott Baker, mapped out a. political campaign to utilize the trial as a means of furthering "the cause." Sergeant Duval I, who stopped the suffragettes at the east gate, told th court the women were ordered to cease marching with banners and that they refused. Other witnesses In eluded Lieut. Hartley. Sergeant Brown and Policewomen Farllng, Clarke and Keyes. Capt. Daniel Sullivan and Lleuten ant Emerson were the principal wit nesses scheduled to appear against the offenders at the west gate. FOUR AMERICANS DECORATED. PARIS. July 3. B. F Butler, of New York; B. B. Gsuld. of Toledo; J. M. Grlerson, Jr., of New York, and H. W Bublnkam. of Chicago, all mem bers of the American ambulance corps, were formally invested with the French war cross on June 25, accord ing to formal announcement today. U. S. SHIP REPELS SUB. LISBON. July (.-An American transport unloading coal Joined with land batteries at a port In the Azores In attacking a German submarine and compe ling its withdrawal, the minister of marine formally announced today. BRITISH DESTROYER LOST. LONDON. July S. An old type of British torpedo boat destroyer has truck a mine and sunk In the North Sea. It Is officially announced. There were eighteen survivors. LIBERIA TO DEPORT GERMANS. LONDON. July S All Germans In Liberia It Is learned here, will leave In a few days with France as their destination, under a deportation or der. COURT THRONGED SPY HYSTERIA TO BE AVOIDED BY1BILIIG AGENTSOFU.S. Government to Profit by Les sons Learned by France and Britain in Early Days of Panic. By DAVID LAWRENCE. (Copyrtf nt. UI7. New f ork -Tenia Post Co.) Spy-panic, the hysteria that swept England and France at the outbreak of the war, has arrived in Washing ton in full imaginative power, but by the exercise of common sense in a task of co-ordination that should long ago have been undertaken, the Government may spare this country the hardships that Europe experi enced. Nobody in Washington, neither President Wilson nor Secretary Dan iels, knows how the German subma rines learned of the coming of Amer ican troopships. Scores of theories are being advanced, but the fact is i me commanaers oi me navai convoy I didn't know till they got to sea what routes they would take. This leads to the most- plausible conclusion of all that the German admiralty simply used a little fore sight, of which it haa an .abundance. . aadrdetaehed twenty or Thirty sub- marines to scour the several routes which big ships use In- transatlantic travel. Diminution In tonnage losses dur ing the past ten daya would seem to confirm the belief that the undersea boats were diverted for the purpose of making a terrifying attack on the first American transports. The impe rial government would naturally se lect that form of achreckllchkelt to disturb the morale of the American people and embarrass future expedi tions. Host Is Natural Result. But while It seems to our navy offi cials that Germany merely ambushed submarines along accustomed routes of ocean travel, the hunt for spies and the strict supervision of cable and wireless communication is a natural result of the attempted German raid on American transports. There was considerable confusion, much of It inevitable, therefore, when the Government In the last twenty four bourse attempted to straighten out In a hurry something that it has been wrestling with for weeks. Sec retary Baker's order diverting cable grams ordinarily received by the press associations In New York city for deliver- In Washington, came out of the misunderstandings of last week And when the cables began pouring in here, no provision had been made to read them. George Creel, of the committee on public Information, was apprised of the congestion in the War Depart ment, and promptly began reading the Incoming messages. Mr. Baker Anally delegated to him power to cen sor these dispatches, and all day to day Mr Creel was acting as censor. Delas were mostly due to trans mission from New York to Washing ton. It took only a few minutes for Mr. Creel to pass upon the stoles when they reached here But such a situation cannot con tinue, and Mr. Creel has arranged to go to New York tonight to open an office there, with which the press as sociations can co-operate, and through which all delays can be eliminated or reduced to a minimum. Too .Macs Baiting;. But there will be little progress without co-operation on every side. Altogether ton much baiting has s-t In. First General Mclntyre Is report ed In supreme charge of ml'itary news; then the assumption of suprme power by Secretary Baker Is .ri.tn strained emphasis, and then Mr (.'reel Is blamed for authorizing the first news of the arrital nf American troops to be printed prematurely, all of which, on careful investigation. proves to be as much due to the rivalry of Interest fomented by tlioie who dislike any sort of supervision ss to the clumsy effort of our Gov ernment officials to solve a most per plexing problem. The one thing that the American people will not excuse Is a blunder that will cost lives. If Secretary Baker, acting under authority of the President's proclamation recently Is sued, giving him power to censor cables, suddenly decides thst the War Department must know whst Is being authorized by the British and French censors so that facta about military plans or naval movements which cannot possibly be known on the oth er side of the water are not be In advertently revealed to the enemy, such assumption of power will in the long run prove Justlflsble. The suggestion thst the Constitu tion Is being violated may prove a (Continued on S I Pace.) THE DRV SPREE CopyrW : 1917s ByJohhT.McCtttcheon.1 . . rr"gaiS!Tllffl ?f s- THE ONLY DRINK THKT IS IKmKT0ME0NlYjp V7 .NOT INTOXICATING -NSSAjnr: rojpggr sai mm - M s. eLaaaaaaaaH-sBSelKj- bsbbbbbbbbbbbbKP ""s S' J ariW.U ? '' X-P" PfrwriF . ,mfv?$ l np srx. ? .x V 7 n p-iii' BIFI '!.- '1' ' ' hs' 2. II, I, . asaaaaaaaaaaaaaw-CC1- N( W t '-3Z?-t- & "A' W mm$K& i wasSssg&m w tte&zssmma. im r 'H I V. ?IJflALfl-.. I amir- l " - " --- -- --- - - -s.- 'PROHIBITION fg JI15S5l J&30&Kli PROBATION JLAf, lj Bkff0gfk AJJrtyp Mmmm&m- y-M ' . $M- n g?L VSA -- UBsr-T.,CVR'i03 . '; t JleS 6. U - l' Zg5&5 U-As II SltUnlW IT' - II is V ' '1 McCutcheon's Cartoons in John T. McCutcheon is one of the ablest, most earnest men in the country and The Times is glad to announce that his sermons and political addresses disguised as pictures will be published regularly in this newspaper hereafter. There is no cartoonist in America HOUSTON'S SON WINS PROMOTION TO ENSIGN Youngest of "Cabinet Recruits" Makes Good in Navy. Secretary of Agriculture Houiton Is a proud father today, news having been received here of his son's ap pointment as ensign In the naval re serve. Early In May David Franklin Houston, eighteen years old. Went to Newport. R. I., to look the ground over before enlisting, lie was ac cepted May 8 as a seaman In the na val reserve, and assigned to the mos quito fleet. Now he has won his promotion, and has been assigned to a ten weeks" training course at the Naval Acad emy. Franklin, as he Is known to his many friend, is a graduate of West ern High School, and was a freshman at Harvard University. He Is the youngest of the seven "Cabinet recruits," sons of members of the Cabinet, who enlisted as pri vates shortly after the outbreak of the war, and Is the first to win such signal promotion SPUDS, 20 CENTS PECK, DEALERS' PREDICTION A drop In the price of potatoes to' 10 cents a peck by the end of this week, was predicted by deslers to dsy. Receipts bv wholesslers here are large and prices are descending. Barrel prices todsy ranged from S2.S0 to 14 a barrel along "whoiessle row. and only the very fines grsdes brought th top figure. Some of the poorer grades sold below S2 50 a bar rel. Todsy some store were asklrs- CO cents a perk and others were aelljng aa low as Zi cents a neck. 7-0 -. - gr J- cniTTev mm ir -zr HOW PLANNING FOR POLAND AS SEPARATE NATION A apeclal commission Is now at work In Petrograd, preparing for es tablishment of a separate Polish na tion, according to Boris Bakhmetleff, Russian ambassador, today. This commission Is headed by Alex ander I-adlnjkl. a Pole As a separate nation. Poland will be expected to continue in the entente alliance, and pay Its shsre of the war expenses. Bakhmetleff said. ARGENTINA SUBMITS DEMANDS ON GERMANY BUENOS AIRES. May 5 Argentina has served an ultimatum on Germany. From reliable aources it was lesrned today thst a note Just dls patrhed to Germany virtually asserts that unless (lermsny makes Imme diate indemnification for past de structlnn of Argentine ships and grants assurance against future at tacks, Argentina will break relations. It Is stated that the Argentine note does not Include a time limit within which the repuollc demands Ger many's reply, but this limitation waa omitted purely because of uncertainty of communication with Kerlin For two weeks Argentina has been appproachlng the point where she na-i resdy to break relations with Ger many. ONE KILLED, 13 HURT, WHEN CAR HITS STORE TOUNGSTOWN. Ohio. . uly B. One person was killed and thirteen In jured when a suburban car Jumped the tr.acka and crashed Into a fruit store early today The store building caught fire. Edward Sculley. of Cleveland, caught beneath, the. wyeckage, was killed. Officials say the brakes failed to ork. DRY I AM , HOWDRY I W1 WOULD NOW SING MH,OMAJ?IOWrA The Times ranking above McCutcheon, perhaps none equal to him. As you study his work each day )ou will admire more and more the plain American common sense and earnest patriot ism that inspire him. Soon you will say, "I have made a new and valuable friend in Mc Cutcheon." THE TIMES. CHINA'S EX-PRESIDENT TO BE EXILED, REPORT Now a Fugitive in Japanese Em bassy at Peking. TIEN TSIN. July 3. LI Tuan Hung, ex-president of China. Is to be exiled, according to information from Peking today. At present the deposed President Is a fugitive In the Japanese lega tion In Peking, guarded by Japanese bayonets. When LI Tusn-Hung fled frtfm the palace he considered the possibility of seeking safety In the American legation. It was said, but changed his mind, and went to the Japanese minister. There are reports of fighting in the south, and the massing of armies throughout the empire Indicates that If civil war is not already under way. It Is Imminent CHAL0"NERL0SEl$3,000 TO LAWYER WHO SUED CHARLOTTESVILLE. Va.. July 5 Hugh Gordon Miller, of New York, has been awarded 13,000 by a Jury In circuit court here for services ren dered as attorney In litigation brought by John Armstrong Chaloner. In New York In 1912. for his shar of a large estate. The court heard a similar action today brought by William Dike Reed, of New York, for SS.000 claimed la be due for legal services rendered Chaloner In conuec tlon with litigation over the nn estate. NAVY MEN DON WHITE. The city's military appearance was still further enhanced today when all the officers of the New Department stationed here, about tSfO In number, adopted their regulation white uniform. Secretary Daniels ordered the uniform worn. EVERY FEDERAL AGENCY SEEKING ENEMY ALIENS WHO MAY By THEODORE TILLER. Every instrumentality at the command of the United States Government was drafted for service today in the hunt for German spies. The Cabinet meeting worried officials engaged in ramifications. N0RTHCL1FFE Discusses f o r Times Readers the Questions of SPIES AND CENSORSHIP The cable leak, and not so much what Is printed in the newspapers. Is' the deadly peril 'which this Goyern mentroustjWlpe out. In Its campaign- acalnstpiesc .n This- was' the-warning given today by Lord Xorthclirfe. head of the Brit ish commission in this country. The famous Britisher. In his shirt sleetes. wax dictating when aeen'at his apartments, lie arises at 3 o'clock In the morning, and worka until late at night, seeing very few visitors. "The censort-hlp question: he said. In reply to a query. If the censorship can effect the saving of a single American life. It 1 worth the while. Evlve4 la Three Tears. "The present censorship In Great Britain, about which you Inquire, was arrived at after more than two years of experiment, and Is worthy of con sideration. It Is, roughly, divided Into three sections, the most Important being the cable censorship. Then follow In their respective order, newspaper censorship and the censorship of malls. These censorships aim primarily at suppression of Information likely to help the enemy and at he discov ery of Information which may be of assistance to the allies. The cable censorship of private, and commercial messages presents the greatest difficulty. net-alls British Case. "It would be easy for a well In formed spy to cable to a neutral country & few domeatle or business phrases conveying news of priceless value to the enemy. Spies who have been caught, tried, and shot In Eng land have usually been found In pos session of what appear to be business codes. In one case. I remember, the spy and his accomplice posed as traveling salesmen In Dutch cigars. Various brands of cigars represented icertaln kinds of ships. "People are much too prone to con sider the newspaper leak, which is open to all eyes, and not to consider the private cable leak, which Is the reallv deadly one. -rower to open all overseas mU. such as Is possessed by the British government. Is also essential. Pnpera Help Censor. "Newspaper censorship is a com paratively simple matter, helped aa It Is by the good will of the news paper men themselves, who. In Great Britain, frequently censor the censor. "Newspaper censorship In England Is effected through the channel of an Institution known aa tne rress uu reau The story of Its early eccen tricities Is best forgotten. It has now. as one of its heads. Sir E. T. Cook, formerly one of our leading newspaper editors. All war newa passes through this central establish-mrnt- Technical army and navy mat ters are referred by the Press Bu reau to experts. Delays occur, tut delays are part of the war. The commanaer-tn-cmer in me field. Sir Douglas Halg. has supreme control of all news sent out by the correspondents with his armies. "Thfre you have our censorsnip at a glance. Rntltled to News. "Democracies are entitled to the fullest news of their soldiers and sailors. The war correspondent Is no longer regarded as a nuisance, as in the early days of the struggle. Ho Is looked upon as a valuable ally, and Is so treated by the British and French armies. "The systematic publication of the news, good and bad. is a mans of giving confidence to the governments of democracies." BE INTERNED tomorrow wilL be that -of a man-hunt of nation-wide u That there murt be a comulete rt- adjustmentjof the inrestliratfon and Secret Service activities of this Government extending in all prob ability to a shutting; down on com mercial' and personal cable messages to neutral countries was tacitly ad mitted in official circles today. The United States, unaccustomed i to spies and the development of a spy system, has a bij: Jcb on its hands. Awakeaed to Peril. The narrow escape of American troops aboard transports en rout to France, attacked by submarine with exact knowledge of their steerinr course, haa awakened officials to the act that the enemy within Jha-tes' .L.lh-.u1.d: 'Sttw.-i'rior:"danr-dus than the enemy on the battlefield .of-EMi-ope. At the Department of Justice, jth War Department and the Navy D partmsnt. there waa nldleation today of a relentless warfare against esplon- SecreUrle Baker and Daniel and Attorney General Gregory will direct the attention of their fellow-member of the Cabinet tomorrow to a new and menacing- phase of tha war with Germany. AM Departments Active Both the "legislative and executive departments moved to stamp out Ger man apylnr. Creation of a Katlonal Intelligence Service, a co-ordinated, compact, and determined organisation of spy hunters, waa announced by the Department of Justice. It will Include all secret service men -except those of the Treasury Department. Senator Tillman, chairman of tha Senate Committee on Naval Affairs, vigorously asserted that "I have no douht spies are in our department. I want to see the German devil fer reted out and hung--" Senator Chamberlain, chairman of the Senate Military Affairs Commit-' tee. secelved thousands of telegram commending hi anti-spy statement of yesterday. Ha expressed regret fully today the belief that spies honeycomb the Government service and the civic life of the nation. Congresa will watch closely, the ef fort of the executive branch to purge the nation of the German. In triguer. Oaly Few Xsrir Facta. It Is disclosed today that a mere) handful of persons knew of tha sail ing orders of the troops that were) met In mldocean by German subma rines. The spy hunt and lnvaatlntln must develop whether the very Gov ernment departments themselves are imesira oy toreign agents, or whether they are on the outside, but In iJ session of means of communication, with Germany. Canada has been sending- troop to France- all along and with remark able freedom from molestation. But the first American contingent was subjected to submarine attack. Attention was directed today to the stricter surveillance of the wireless by Canada. So far aa could be learn ed this Government haa yet to adopt urasuc censorsnip or commercial and personal messages to neutral coun tries. It haa yet to run down thor oughly rumors that the German have established wireless tapping stations In South and Central America, and la Mexico. Official are v ell satisfied that there Is no German wireless In Cuba. Systems T De Merged. In advance of Cabinet action, tha Department of Justice announced to day the creation of a national tntll. gence service. The secret service i.d police systems of the Departments of State. War. Navy, and Justice wllf b co-ordinated for the German spy hunt This was the first official action Indicating the alarm felt In Admin istration circle over the danger of Teutonic espionage. For the present the secret service of the Treasury Department will re tain Its nresent ora-sntxatlon. It la believed that when the Cabi net convene tomorrow aome of the Cabinet members will insist upon, an Immediate round-up of all suspected j aliens In this country. I Despite the hardship that such ae- n ,-Av.