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f t - t iT WEATHER FORECAST: COMPLETE AFTERHOON Probably Showers WRk 1:30 Wall Street :nxtmber 10,223. WASHINGTON, WEDNESDAY EVENING. JULY U, 1917. PRICE ONE CENT. the Wash r i AIRMEN SHOWER BOMBS UPON GERMAN CRUISERS GIRL PLUNGES MILIAT1 ' Z!gTs 'MSI ilALLIED GUT BUI IS SAVED IS REMOVED jgtolMJII WARWIEASURE JB GOLDEN HORN On Eve of Return to St Eliza beth's, Young Woman Leaps From Highway Bridge- Rescued After Struggle. Choosing death rather than return to the Government Hospital for the Insane, Ida May Groves, a pretty twenty-year-old girl, whose home Is at 736 Sixth street northeast, was rescued from drowning in the Po tomac river after she had jumped from the Highway bridge shortly af ter 9 o'clock this morning. , Private Harry Jerrid, of Company A, First Separate Battalion, District National Guard,, saw the girl climb out on the rail at the north end of the bridge. Before he could shout a -warning she jumped into the river. Calls For Help. When he struck the water the cried toudlr for-htlp JJi3Th soldier-called tn Harry Opitz, a gardener working In fotoroae Park. OpIU Immediately planted Into the river and swam to the drowning girl, who was calling fran tically to those on the bridge to lave her. Opitx seized the girl as she was going down tor the third time and with the aid of a rope thrown to him by J. E. Talbot, a park policeman, reached the shore with his burden. When lifted from the water the young woman was partly conscious and hid her face in her arms. She was rushed to Emergency Hos pital in a quartermaster's supply wagon of the First Separate Battalion. By using a lung motor and artificial respiration, physicians quickly re Tired the young aomin and soon pro nounced her out of danger. Caanned for Four Months. lira. Annie Groves, mother of the girl, said her daughter had been con fined for four months at St. Eliza beth's following severe nervous at tacks. Yesterday the hospital au thorities granted her permission to visit her mother for a few days. She was told she must return to the asy lum Sunday The fact that she could not remain at her mother's house, but would haTe to return to the hospital, led the rfrt to sttemn! tn t.L h- llf- t, mother believes. The girl herself! steadrasny rerused to make any ex planation and it was only after per sistent questioning by the police, physicians, and nurses at Emergency Hospital that her Identity was learned. Miss Groves before being sent to St. Elizabeth's was a telephone oper ator here and lter worked in the Bureau of Engraving and Printing. Considered Cured. She was considered practically cured by physicians at the Govern ment Asylum and expected to obtain her release In a short time. When she left her home early this morning she told her mother she ws going downtown to begin a search for emplovment so that she could secure a position by the time she secured her release Miss Grove was at one time the wife of Edward Yantls. of Alexan dria. The couple were divorced, and since that time she has used her maiden name of Graves moiotmWeIcomes u. s. naval fleet MONTEVIDEO. Uruguay. July 11. A United States fleet which put In here today was accorded an enthusi astic reception by all harbor craft and officials BALFOUR FOR WAR CABINET. LONDON". July 11. A. Balfour, the foreign secretary, probably will be invited to Join the British war cab inet, according to the Chronicle today. Begin Today: HICTANER--THE MAN FISH--The Provost Marshal General Crow der Announces Third Person May Advance Claims for Vital Industry Workers. By DAVID LAWRENCE. (Coprrltlit, Ml?. New Tork Evening rent Co.) Gen. E. H. Crowder, the provost marshal, today took a step that will undoubtedly be welcomed by thou sands of young men who are indis pensable to the nation's industry, but who would hesitate to present a claim for exemption because of a sensitiveness that such action might be construed as a direct effort on their part to evade military service. The provost marshal in a 'state ment issued today and intended to meet such cases makes It clear that the individual -need not take the in! tiative, but that his employer or friendsrwith or without Jits knowt? edge, can direct the attention of local, boards to the circumstances which ought to Influence the Gov ernment not to select him for service abroad. Separate Inquiries. The boards will then inquire Into each case, seeking data and Informa tion on which to bass a decision, and while the individual may be orally examined by the boards, he will not be In the position of having asked for a discharge or exemption. The full text of the statement, which Is one of the most important Issued by the provost marshal'a office since the draft process waa begun. follows: "The attention- of this office has been directed to the possibility that many cases of registered persons whose circumstances are such that the person should be exempted will never be brought to the attention .of local and district boards because the regis trants concerned will shrink from tak ing any Initlatlte In the matter. Plats Issposalble. "The Ideal system of exemption would be one In which the Govern ment alone would be the moving party. This Is, of course. Impossible. Not only would the people resent an Inquisitorial procedure on the part nf the boards, but also the time Hmlis are controlling and there Is a me chanical Impossibility in requiring boards to proceed to an original In vestigation of the cases of each of 10.000,000 persons. "The fact of each case must. In some manner be brought to the attention of the boards. "The regulations proide that this may be done. fl-at, by the reglsttant himself, recend. by any third person who has knowledge of the fscts. and with or without the knowledge nf tne leglstranL lii either case the boards are directed to conduct the Investigation pr-scrlbed by -vdlallon. and i make exemptions or d-harges In proper rases whether the claim was made by the registrant or bv some other persons In respect of the registrant Co-operatlen Essential. "The task of selection jt so Mit that without the co-operativn of the peop'e at Urge, the determination of Indl'du.l cases will be ery dlfArult- "Third persons and eepe.'a"ly emrlo -eir ought to keep In m ml, however, that the law nuVi no exemption In the in teiest of individuals exc-rr as the '.n- t -tosu of inli:duals coin -Id w'th the' Interests of the nation. It i rot loss to private Interest that is liii-iilr to he protected. It Is only loss to the nation. Men who can be replace! by other mtn cs-nnot be discharged oy draft even if Ihfv are employed by p,i,nn who Rre dliectly engaged In w.-rk for th Gov en.menL "The duty, however, of those who ask exemptions for men In thel- em ploy will be one of patriotic thought for the best Interests of the nation, and the emplojer who can readily replace those of his men who are Continued on Fage 2, Col. 4) Gtrmania Mis-Rules America Should Rule E UP 10 PRESIDENT Reorganization of the Council of National Defense, today was up to President Wilson. The President has before him a plan proposed by his Cabinet war chiefs virtually shelving the council's advisory commission with its scores of "big business" representatives on numerous committees The new plan proposes speedier war moves through a small group of six or revm men, eacli to head a specific branch of war actlvlt) Those suggested for the "business director ate of the war" are principally the men on the present advisory com mission. Daniel Willard, Howard Coffin. Julius Ttnsrnwald. Bernard Baruch, and Frank A. fecott, of the general munitions board The preliminary work of organlz Ing the nation's business for war pur poses as accomplished by the old ad visor) commission and subordinate committees under the Defense Conn cil is regarded as finished The pres Ident's war chiefs now desire a small er group of business men with more centralized authority and respunsibll Ity to ac as the medium between th army and navy on one side and the country's business and manufactur ing interests on the other. PRESIDENT'S AID ASKED FOR COOTS RETURN President Wilson today was called upon to exert his Influence In bring ing about the return to America nf Alfredo Cocchl, confessed murderer of Buth Cruger Follce Commissioner Arthur Woods, of New York, is in Washington con ferrlng with Secretary Tumulty and Counselor Polk. f a , WaWaWtKKSSSBBfmaaa amammamWamWammWkmm9kW9amm&ammammam9amamamamr -l mamWaTammamKSSammkm V -L "MsSl-slfiE-ffl ssssssssssssflsBsSssslsssBsssssssneasssslsasss? V -JSSSSSi REORGANIZATION OFDEFENS Britannia Rales the Waves with an American Invention The Ironclad. Witnesses Present Striking Bs53KaaaW WkkmF.'iMkkmaWlrh the Deep with an American Inrention the Air with an American Invention SUFFRAGE PICKETS L "We must continue to picket the White House." This was the answer made by Miss Anne Martin, of Nevada, vice chair man of the National Woman's Party, today, to the plea of opposing suf frage forces that the Madison place militants cease their present cam paTgn until the suffrage issue Is fought out In New York State in the fall. The request of the New York mem bers of the National American v om an's Suffrage Association the other suffrage camp was placed before Miss Martin by a delegation composed of Mrs James Lees Laldlaw, of New Vork: Mrs. Frank Vanderllp, of New York, and Mrs. Gilford Dudley, of Tennessee. Two Interviews. Today's Interview followed one held yesterday between the two suf frage forces at which the refusal of the Woman's Part was delivered to the New York delegation The National Woman s Party pre pared today to put up a fight to re tain their quarters at Cameron House, in Madison place. Mrs Abby Scott Taker, press rep resentative of the party Is preparing a trip into the Maine woods to lo acte Charles II liannard. representa tive of a Philadelphia trust company, which is one of the trustees In charge of the Cameron House. liannard. It Is said. Is on a vaca tion, and does not wish to take up the Issue before he returns. Mrs. Haker, however, believes she can off set any hostile Influence by a fair presentation or the suffrage claims. Inasmuch an the trust company has an agreement with the party not to take back the house except In cass( 11 is lo D sola. The suffragettes do not believe the house Is to be sold, but are Inclined tn the opinion that Administration In fluence has been brought to bear to oust them from their quarters. SCORN COUNSEL OF EACEF ITER The Submarine., T'te PrpUie Because of greatly Increased de mand for small notes, due to Increased business activity throughout the coun try, and to the tremendous Incerase In the Government pay roll, a real scarcity in J I. f-. and S3 bills exists todny. Demands for notes of this character Is far In excess of the available sup pi, and as a result the Treasurer's office hss found It necessary to en force strlilly the rule regarding tn exchange of unfit notes fur new ones Practically every bank In Washing ton today was able to get only a pur tlon of the amount of S bills asked for. and tellers had to be sparing with them in order tu meet the demands ul their customers. While the rules of the Treasury re quire that the banks be given only a number of small notes equal to the amount of old notes turned In for ex change. It has been the custom in th past for the Treasury to let bank: have small notes in exchange fi larger notes and even for checks, whenever it had sufficient small notes available. Du- to the great demand for small notes at present, however It vas necessary today to enforce th exihange rule. There is always a shortage of small bills at this time of the year. Treas ury officials state, beecause of neeeds of money for the farmers to harvest the crnjs, but this year the situation Is much more acute, due to war condl tfons, than ever before. NEWBERRY IS NAVY AIDE. BOSTON. July 11 Truman New berry, Secretary nf the Navy undei noosevelt's Administration, today began his duties as aide to Capt. V R. Rush, commandant nf the Rostoi navy yard. Mr. Newberry served -ir the V. S. S. Yosemlte during the Span Ish war. TREASURY FACES SCARCITY OF BILLS EECAUSE OF WAR The striking need for legislation providing for a pension and retire ment system for Government em ployes was once more emphasized before the Senate Committee on Civil Service today. Figures have been given by Her bert D. Brown, Government expert on the retirement question, which show that out of about 280,000 Gov ernment employes in the classified service 8,000 are eligible to retire ment. These figures were presented to, the committee by witnesses today. Brow.. la New -.York. ', .Me Brown .hssgonloiXe w-Tork; fceomakerlarranganinU-wltn-an'act- uary to make-.deflnUe- calculations on retirement plana, -Jlr. Brown's figure were furnished to President H, if. Mclarcn, of the Federal Employes Union, and to others who attended today's hearing. Other argumente' for a retirement system as well as these figures were presented today before the commit tee, of which Senator McKellar la chairman. , It was strongly urged on the com mittee by various speakers that Con gress Immediately pass a retirement and pension law. Call It War Measure. Some of the speakera advocated aa a war measure the prompt passage of the Keating measure, which would care for the superannuated, leaving the matter of a complete system to be worked out later. The belief that It la tn the Interest of war-time efficiency to replace the superannuated with younger em ployes after first pensioning the su perannuated, was strongly empha sized. The committee' attention waa directed, too, to the fact the Demo cratic party committed Itself to the legislation in its olaform. Whether there will be any legisla tion this session, however. Is a mat ter of doubt. The hearing was arranged for to day by the Joint retirement commit tee of the Naval Gun factory, of which R. II. Alcorn Is chairman and E. Eder lteed secretary Committeemen Late. The lack of Interest In the proposed legislation on the part of the mem bers of the committee was displayed by the fact that, although the hear ing was called for 10:30 and a num ber of the advocates of the retirement system appeared on time, only two of the committee. Senators "rtolcott and Johnson of California, appeared until well after 11. R. H. Alcorn presented the speak ers. Daniel Goldschmldt. president - the United States Civil Service R Irement Association, and J. W. Mc- Connell were the first speakers. Witling to Sign nlll. Mr. Goldschmldt said the President was willing to sign a retirement bill. Kdward Murphy, of the Postofflce Department: Arthur E Holder, of the American Federation or iaoor. and Mrs Ruth Havens, of the office of the auditor for the Navy Depart ment, addressed the committee. The hearings will be continued at 0:30 o'clock tomorrow morning. SHIP BOARD SEIZES PRINZ EIT& FRIEDRICH By executive order. President Wil son today seized the big German irsro ateamer Trlnx Eltel Frledrlcn. hleh has been lying war-bound at' lloboken. N. J., almost three years. jnd turned It over to the .snipping) Joard as Its propertv ( it., r-n,M rmAr at the same name. Interned at Philadelphia, wasi lied some time ago. Great Serial on Magazine Page CONGRESSMAN I. a DYER. DYER SEEKS VIEW T -X"repcffpmlthtl)UtrJpt Commla. siontrs on hla-blll for a -referendum on local self-government for the" Na tional Capital will be-aourthtby Con gressman L. C Dyer of Missouri. Mr. Dyer today asked the House District Committee to transmit the bill to the Commissioners for an ex pression of their views. This prob ably will he done within the next few days. Mr. Dyer today praised the sugges tion of The Times In a reecnt editorial demanding suffrage for the residents of the District. "As The Times has pointed out. said Mr. Dyer, "the District of Co lumbia Is now responding to the call for men to fight the battlea of the country. It Is unfslr to disfranchise a community and expect Its residents to aid their Government In every way except by voting. The system la un American, and I believe that If we can get a referendum on the self government plan It will be carried overwhelmingly." Mr. Dyer la appreciative of the dif ficulty of getting consideration for his bill at the "war session" of Con gress. However, he said today that he will ask for hearings at the first meeting of the District Committee, and meanwhile he hopes to enlist the support of the Commissioners. Mr. Dyer received a letter today from Roy C. Claflln. president of the District Delegate Association. Mr. Clafiln says: "I congratulate you upon your true Americanism as evidenced In your In troduction of a bill providing for a referendum for the people of the Dis trict of Columbia on questions con cerning their local government. OFDISTRI REFERENDUM Thanks to Representative Dyer The fairness of Representative Dyer's proposal for a referendum that will give the people of the District of Co lumbia an opportunity to express their desire for suffrage and self-government will appeal to everyone regardless of whether his residence here is temporary or permanent. Mr. Dyer deserves the thanks of tion in Congress of a bill that ly give the people the right with the other citizens of the The people of the District inform Congress that they are of a community spirit. They critical days to have a, voice in the government for which they must make such large sacrifices. The Times has not been discouraged by the talk that Congress is busy with too many things to consider the question of suffrage for the District. Public attention CAN be fixed on this issue. The Senate. and House ought never be too busy to give the American people or any small part of their number democ racy at home. THE WASHINGTON TIMES. Planes Attack Vessels' Near Constantinople; Cruiser Gos hen Struck Big Explosions Occur JlsJombs Drop. LONDON, July 11-Direct hit, on the German cruiser'Goeben wers made in an aerial attack against thi Turko-German fleet in the Golden Horn, according to an admiralty aa- nouncement. The attacking squadron of aero planes suffered" no losses. Direct hits were observed against other ships and big explosions oc curred, the admiralty said. The enemy was completely wbx prised "the statementadded. Oar ata&fjrar&&fetf 860 teeC " - Jlay nave- "Tleww 300 Miles- The Golden Horn ia a narrow inlet of the Boaphortia separating the main part of Constantinople from Galatc and Pera. The air raid must hava. brought the British flyers over the city of Constantinople Itself. The admiralty statement doea not mention from what point the British flyers started their raid, but It wac probably from some British war ve aela anchored in the Aageln sea. The sea planes therefor must hava traveled at least 300 miles In the all over the Dardanelles and the sea of Marmora to have accomplished their feat ISO miles In each direction. Figured In Earry War. The cruiser Goeben figured In the early newa of the war. She waa lr the Mediterranean sea. when war waa declared, and after escaping from an Italian port waa reported to have been sold by Germany to Turkey. On September 7, 1911. however, the Goeben waa reported In the Mediter ranean flying the German colors. Jk month later, when It waa reported, aha had been very gravely damaged In a fight, she waa sold to Turkey and her name changed to the Sultan Jawnl Sellm. She has been In port ever since. (Addltteaal War Newa an Psura ?.) the city for his timely introduc must, if it is adopted, eventual to govern themselves on a par United States. will welcome the chance to not spineless, but possessed are anxious, indeed, in these !