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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, July 12, 1917, NIGHT FINAL, Image 1

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NIGHT
FINAL
With
Will Strt
Frl6t
' i' i
NIGHT
FINAL
WEATHER:
Showers
Today;
Friday Fair
WASHINGTON, THURSDAY EVENING, JULY 12, 1917.
PRICE ONE CENT.
NUMBER 10,224.
".-.' ff--. T"7?T
American Troops Establish
STEEL TRUST
F
y. s. iroops
OVATION ALL
Crowds Greet Trains Bearing
Americans and Shower Them
With Rowers, Refreshments,
and Cheers of Greeting.
By DANIEL DILLON.
AMERICAN HEADQUARTERS
IN FRANCE, Jnlj 12 The Ameri
can troops traveled through France
.today from their temporary camp to
their permanent base behind the
front.
It was a triumphal procession.
Crowds greeted- the troop trains at
erery station with cheers of greet
ing. Flags were everywhere and the
men were ererywhere presented with
flowers and refreshments.
School -children were assembled at
stations along the railway line and
sang the American and French na
tional anthems as the trains passed.
At stations were the trains stopped
girls pelted the soldiers with beantl.
fnl roses, much to the delight of the
Americans. Boxes of sweetmeats of
erery Tariety were pressed upon
the men.
Each of the trains carried 1,000
men.
BRITISH TROOPS TRAPPED
AND MANY PRISONERS
TAKEN OfTBELIGAN FRONT
LONDON. July 12. The big- guns of
the Germans attacking the positions
near Nleuporr, In Flanders, har. lev
eled the British defenses In that see
tor, and with the advance of the Teu
tons to the right bank of the Yser.
near the coast, the British have been
trapped with a loss of 1.287 prisoners.
The German gain, according to the
official British report, extended over
a front of l,40t yards to a depth of
600 yards. The British defenses in
the sand dunes sector were wiped
out, the bridges destroyed, and the
defenders have been cut off from re
lief. British losses probably total be
tween 2,000 and 2,500 men, Gn. F B.
Maurice, director of military opera
tions, said today.
"Further German efforts In this
section are not expected.- he said.
"The Germans seized an opportune
moment for their coast attack." Gen
eral Maurice continued. "A gjle pre
vented our naval participation from
the sea. The enemy wiped out ur
captured all British forces occupying
the territory they took about l.SOO
men in alL The chief significance In
the attack Is the fact that it Is the
first one against the British In two
years. The Germans now face Gci
rnan guns across the Tser river.
HINDENBURG TRIES
TO PLEASE CRITICS
WITH BIG SHOWING
rrr william piiilip shims.
WITH THE BRITISH ARMIES IN'
THE FIELD, July 12Fleld Marshal
Hlndenburg Is evidently trying to
stem dissatisfaction at home In Ger
many by a big showing on the west
ern front.
Today the Prussian troops opposite
the whole British line were more
active than at any time during the
past year.
South of the Scarpe the enemy re
took a portion of a trench west of
Vert wood on Infantry hllL In the
Lombartzyde section there was great
activity.
Artillery Fire Terrific.
The German artillery concentration
In the battle of the sand dunes on
the Belgian coast waa the biggest
since the German efforts at Verdun
Explosives leveled the sand hills and
the British trenches. The lighthouse
at the mouth of the Tser and the life
paving station were reduced to nilns
Summer cottages were smashed, and
everything leveled before the attack
And among the attackers were the
German marines Wllhelm's toughest
Continued on Pax 2, Co. 4)
K
I
ALONG WE
Cabinet Men Train
For Bodily Fitness
Under Walter Camp
President Wilson's Brain De
partment General Staff went Into
physical training under Walter
Camp, ot football fame, here to
day. While the dew still sparkled oa
the lawn ot ex-Congressman
Kent's estate at an unheard-of
hour this morning. Secretaries
McAdoo. Lane and Wilson, and
Attorney General Gregory lined
up for their first lesson In physi
cal fitness.
Twenty-six other members of
the Administration family lined
up. too. Members of the shipping
board, the food administration,
and advisory commission Of the
Council of National Detente were
all there.
Costless, eollarless, and In some
Instances well, with scant rai
ment they puffed, wheeled, and
blew through some stiff setting
up exercises. A brisk walk
through Potomac Park followed.
And at the end they vowed they'd
do It four days a week.
CMS CORRAL
1,000 LW.W.'SAT
B18BEE, ARIZONA
BISBEE, Aria, July 12. Fifteen
hundred armed citizens rounded up
1,000 I. W. W.'s and corralled them In
the baseball park here today. All
stores and mines have been closed
and the town is armed for any
emergency.
The L W. W.'s are being loaded into
box cars and will be shipped from the
city.
Stamping; Oat Menace.
PORTLAND, Ore-, July 12. State.
Federal, and county officials In the
Northwest today are uniting in a de
termined effort to stamp out tin I.
W. W. menace. The situation In
Idaho. Washington, and Oregon Is de
clared to be growing more acute
dally. Federal troops have been
called into action In some districts.
Farmers throughout the Inland em
pire are arming themselves prer-trlng
to resist by force any I. W. W. ac
tivity In their territory. Governor
Alexander of Idaho will ask Governor
Lister of Washington to stip I. W W.
speaking In Spokane, tinned States
Attorney Clarence Reams, who de
clared recently the I. W. W. was
backed by German money. Is In the
Coos Bay district, southern Oregon,
today to conduct a personal Investi
gation of the I W. W. there.
No Relief In Sight.
GLOBE. Ariz, July 12. Despite as
surances from Washington that Fed
eral protection will be afforded them,
citizens of Globe today see no relief
from the I. W. W. strike here, where
mines are still tied up and the cop
per Industries paralyzed.
Net To De Sent T California.
SAN BERNARDINO, CaL. July 12.
No more I W. W's will be shunted
across the Arizona-California line
Into this State Gov. Tom Campbell, of
Arizona, wired assurance of this to
Assistant .District Attorney Duck
worth In response to the latter's pro
test against the Jerome Industrialist!
being shipped to Needles.
LIGGETT SENT TO EUD RIOTO.
Secretary of War Baker today In
structed Ma, Gen Hunter Liggett,
commanding the Western Depart
ment, to take such steps as are neces
sary to suppress the so-called "reign
of terror" on the part of the L W. W
which is now In progress In the Far
West.
It will be left to General Llggett's
discretion whether Federal troops
shall be sent to Idaho, Montana,
Washington, Oregon, and California,
where the I. W. W aglutors art
paralyzing Industry and terrifying the
labor population.
PERSHING IS CHEERED
AT MUNITIONS PLANT
PARIS, July 12 Accompanied by
French Minister of Munitions Albert
Thomas, Major General Pershing
early today visited the largest muni
tlons plant in Paris. He waa ac
corded a tremendous reception by the
workers. i
This afternoon Malor General SI
bert, second In command of the Amer I
lean expeditionary forces, will arrive!
for a'fconferetfct with bis chief.
LOWER RATES
FOR LIGHTING
TO SAVE CITY
HALF MILLION
Order of Public Utilities Com
mission Reducing Charges 20
to 25 Per Cent May Become
Effective at Once.
By BILL PRICE.
The Public Utilities Commission
has agreed upon an order, to be
promulgated tomorrow, that will ma
terially reduce the rates of electric
lighting to the people of Washing
ton, savins; something like a half a
million dollars annually.
This means each householder's bill
may be reduced nearly one-quarter.
Fight Most Come First.
This cut may not be effective until
the action of the commission has been
fought through the local courts, but
It Is understood to be' the hope of Cor
poration Counsel' 8yme that bnwnl
b able to uphold1 the action of the'
commission
Even If the Potomac Electric Light
Company takes an appeal from the
order of the commission, the -lower
rates will become effective without
delay, unless an lnjunotlon Is granted
to prevent them going into operation
at once, but until there la a final set
tlement there will be rebate Items at
tached to the bills. Then, If the
Utilities Commission Is Anally upheld,
the consumers will receive the over
charges. Order Reduction.
The msxlmum charge for lighting
In the District Is 10 cents per kilowatt
hour, and 10 per cent of the consum
ers pay this price. The order of the
commission will reduce the maximum
charge from 20 to 25 per cent, mak
ing from 7H to t cents per kilowatt
hour
That the Potomac Electric Light
Company will carry the order to the
courts was Indicated In the testimony
recently presented to the commission
claiming Increased expenses for the
present calendar year and in the next
few years
The order of the commission Is ex
pected to reduce the Income ot tn
company to such an extent that in
the future It will pay about 7 per
cent In dividends to the Washington
Hallway and Electric Company Instead
of the 11 per cent It paid that com
pany last year.
The amount turned over to the
Railway and Electric Company in
dividends last year was $600,000. this
being 11 per cent on 10,000,000, and
takes no account of the current the
railway received to operate Its car
lines.
The order of the utilities commis
sion is to be based, it was said to
day wholly upon the earning capac
ity of the Electric Light Company.
ElMADMESlMR
OF NAON'S RESIGNATION
BUENOS ATRES. July 12 The
Buenos Ayres Herald today published
a rumor that Romulo S. Naon, Argen
tine ambassador to the United States,
waa about to resign No reasons
were given for his expected retire
ment Emphatic denial of the rumor that
Ambassador Naon Intended resigning
was made at the Argentine Embassy
this afternoon "Absolutely without
the slightest foundation" was all the
secretary had to say.
MINE SWMPERSUNK
WITH ELEVEN DEAD
The French mine sweeper Jupiter
was sunk by a. mine In the Knffllsh
Channel on Tuesday- with the loss of
eleven lives. It was announced today
U-BOAT NEAR ICELAND
MAKES BARK VICTIM
CHRISTIANIA. July 1. The Nor
wegian bark Florella, 1,18 tons was
sunk near Iceland by a Ge-man rub
mailne. according to Informal Ion le
eclved by the foreign office today.
To crew was saved.
MEXICO NOW
FRIENDLY TO
U.S.JS REPORT
OF FLETCHER
Ambassador Says Conditions
Are Improving Daily Eco
nomic Difficulties Alone Re
main to Be Surmounted. ?'
By DAVID LAWRENCE.
(Copyrtsht. BIT, New Tork Evenlns Poet Co.)
Ambassador Henry P. Fletcher has
reported to the United States Gov
ernment that conditions in Mexico
generally are improving daily; that
the internal political situation has
been composed; that the economic
difficulties alone remain to be sur
mounted, and that the feeling of
President Carranza and the Mexican
government toward the United States
has reached a point in cordiality that
augurs -well for the development of a
'close friendship between the two
countries.
The American ambassador cams' to
the United States for a brief vaca
tion from his labors In the Mexican
capital, bat will return In a fort
night. At the same time he brought various
suggestions of policy which should
help materially in strengthening the
bonds of friendship between the two
countries.
Mexico Se Straight.
Mr. Fletcher's reports, given orally
to Secretary Lansing and to 8tate
Department officials, have given deep
satisfaction, for the feeling prevails
that at last the Mexican government
has begun to understand how disin
terested and genuinely unselfish Is the
policy of the United States toward
Mexico.
The Washington Government, It may
be stated authoritatively. Is not en
deavoring to Influence Mexico or any
other government to break relations
with Germany or enter the war along
side the entente.
But the logic of events makes I'
probable that many or the Latin
American countries will fin It to
their best Interest In the long run to
have been aligned in this war with
France, -rest Britain, the United
States, Russia, the great democracies
of the world.
French Influence Strong.
The existence In Mexico of a pro
German propaganda is, of course,
well known. This is counteracted
pretty largely by the fact that French
culture and) French Ideals have a
strong hold on the Imagination of the
Mexican people, and the achievements
of the French In this war are belns
vividly portrayed In the Mexican
newspapers or pro-ally sympathy.
The American ambassador has
maintained throughout a discreet
policy of silence on war issues, lest
any Impression of attempting to In
fluence Mexico's course be attributed
to him. He has been received with
frankness and cordiality whenever he
has visited President Carranza, and
has been able to develop a personal In
tlmacy not alone with the venerable
President of the republic, but Oe.i
erals Obregon and Gonzales and mem.
bers of the cabinet.
When, for Instance, the American
ambassador left Mexico City for his
trip to the United States, Luis Cabre
ra and Eduardo Hay, and others
prominent In Mexican counsels, were
at the station to bid him good by.
Economic Problem) Bta-Rest.
The main problem before Mexico Is
financial and economic Although
there are small groups of bandits and
mischief makers, there Is no real
faction in organized military opposl
tion to the constituted government
of Mexico, which has slowly reor
ganized the machinery of the na
tional government and by means of
elections throughout the country In
stalled new state governments
On the whole, tho reports or Am
bassador rietcher, supplementing
those of consular officers through
out the republic, have encouraged
President Wilson snd his officials to
believe that patience and frank deal
Ing with Mexico will bring about In
the end the long-sought cordial
understanding which should prevail
between neighbors on this hem
Isphere
BAR SILVER AT 8014.
I NEW TORK July 12 Bar silver
I again broke Its twenty-five-year rec
ord today when It was quoted at I0H-
Permanent Base at the Front
SURRENDERS
Congratulations
To President Wilson
The people of the United States recognize in the
President a man able with a few powerful words to save
for the people in taxes hundreds OF MILLIONS OF
DOLLAES.
The announcement that the steel concerns will give
up the game of extortion and deliver their product for a
fair price to be fixed by Government, follows immediately
upon the President's statement in which he said:
Patriotism leaves nronti out of the Question. In these days
of our supreme trial, when we are sending hundreds of thousands
of our young men across the seas to serve gnat cause, no tros
man who stays behind to work for them and sustain them by
his labor will ask himself what he is personally going to make
out of that labor. No true patriot will permit himself to take
toll of their heroism in money or seek to grow rich by the shed
ding of their blood. He will give as freely and with as unstinted
self-sacrifice as they. When they are giving their lives will he
sot give at least his money!
;.- The people who elected Mr. "Wilson, and the "Big
People" against whose schemes he must defend the little
people, know THAT THE PRESIDENT MEANS "WHAT
HE SAYS. .
When He says that patriotism and blood money profits
must be kept separated, the people know that he MEANS
it;-i
A few words from the President,have saved hundreds
of millions of dollars to the country, saved millions to the
taxpayers. Every citizen of the United States, big and
little, owes thanks to President Wilson.
-. - v" THE WASHLNGTQy.TTMES. ' .
CHANCE
L
DUE TO INFLUENCE
OF
BERNE. Jnly 12-Ilepert that
Gcrnin Ckaietllor v Betkmamn-Uellwes-
had realised waa reiter
ated la a wireless meaaasje from
Berlin received here today. The
dispatch save the added laieraa
tlon that IIollweK reslsraatlon
vraa generally believed t hare
resulted frm the crown prince's
Intervention.
LOR QUITS
CROWN
PKNCE
The German chancellor, Forelsn
Secretary Zlmmermann. and Secretary
Heirferlch all have resigned, and Ger
many Is racing- the most serious In
ternal situation since war was de
clared, according- to advices which
reached the State Ueparteient today.
From Berne. Switierland. came
word that Chancellor Bethpiann-.
Hollweg- had tendered his resignation
and that the Kaiser was undecided
whether to accept It- The news waa
based on a story said to have ap
peared In the Vosslsche Zettung.
Held Long Conference.
Dispatches from Amsterdam veri
fied the report that Dr. von Beth-mann-Kollweg
had tendered his res
ignation. The Kaiser Is said to have
held a long- conference with the chan
cellor on Wednesday, when he re
ceived a confidential report on. the en
tire political situation. It Is said that
at the end of this conference the
chancellor offered to retire.
From London came the report that
German reform elements had suc
ceeded In forcing the Kaiser to sum
mon the crown prince to Berlin so
that the heir to the throne could sub
scribe to proposed reforms.
The reported fall of the Prussian
ministers Is the result of heated criti
cism by Reichstag members of Ger
many's conduct of the war.
Fire Ministers To Quit.
Koelnlsche Volkszeitung reports re
ceived at the State Department today
declare that the chancellor has aban
doned Secretaries Zlmmermann and
Helfferlch, that ne Prussian minis
ters will resign Monday, that new
parliamentary secretaries will be ap
pointed at once, and that Immediate
action Kill be taken to secure uni
versal suilrage for the people of
Prussia.
While State Department officials
realize the seriousness of the Internal
situation In Germany, they point out
the porslblllty of trickery being back
of the reported turmoil. It was even
suggested that the Keller may have
created the present situation himself
as the groundwork for a peace move
that will fool the allies Into the he
ller that It Is based on political
troubles.
e
WORK OUT DETAILS
FOR D. U. PRIMARY
T
Residents) of Washington drew one
stsp nearer to suffrage this after
noon, when a supeclal committee ot
the Federation of Citizens' Associa
tions agreed upon most of the details
for a preferential primary, at which
a successor V Commissioner Oliver
P. Newman will be selected.
A subcommittee, composed ot Wil
liam McK. Clayton. Herman A. Phil
lips, and Edward E. Clements, made a
report to the full committee today,
and was Instructed to Work out fur
ther details. All of the recommenda
tions made by the subcommittee war
approved.
The subcommittee's final report will
be made to the full committee one
hour before the federation holds Its
bI-mon.hly meeting at the District
building Saturday night at S o'clock.
It was decided by the special com
mittee to recommend to the Federa
tion that arrangements for the pref
erential primary be placed In the
hands of a- clty-wlde committee com
posed of representatives ot all the
civic and trade bodies In Washington
The committee's Idea Is to cet out
the blgitest possible vote by Inter
estlng the great number of people
and to make the roan who finishes
first In the preferential primary the
choice of all the elements or the citi
zenship ot Washington.
Among the problems to be worked
out In connection with the election
are: Providing adequate machinery
for polling the vote; obtaining the co
operation of the women; restricting
balloting to legal and adult residents
of the city; prevention of sectional or
other differences which might defeat
harmonious action by the entire Dis
trict, and the conduct of an educa
tional campaign
PENROSE POSTPONES
CREEL RESOLUTION
Senator Penrose of Pennsylvania
postponed bringing up his resolution
to Investigate the Creel censorship
bureau today until the return of Sena
tor Swanson of Virginia, acting chair
man of the Naval Affairs Committee,
who has been failed an ay by illness
In his family.
HEAR SHIP DEMERARA
IS TORPEDO VICTIM
BUENOS AIRES. July 15. An un
confirmed rumor was circulated I.rre
.oday that the British Royal all
Steam Packet liner Demerara, or
11. 'tM tons, had been sunk In the
submarine zone.
0 PICK CITY
HEAD
MAGNATES Wia ALLOW
GOVERNMENT
10 FIX
Within a few hours after publication of President Wil
son's appeal to big business for the sacrifice of "blood
profits," representatives of the steel industry agreed today
to let the Government fix the prices of steel and iron to meet
the nation's war requirements.
The agreement was reached at a conference at 9 o'clock
this morning in the office of Secretary of War Baker.
It provides that while the Government .shall not com
mandeer plants, the steel interests will place their entire
product at the disposal of the Government immediately, the
price to be fixed later by the Federal Trade Commission. -
Agreements fixing- the price of coal, lumber, copper
anrjt freight rates by rail and steamship lines are expected to
follow the steel agreement The President is expected to
l follow the settlement of the steel controversy by personally
J directing price-fixing negotiations, modeled after tKe sfrej
, agreement, until the Government is able (q buy all its war
supplies on the basis of actual cost plus a- reaso'nable- profit.
T
T
The Government shipbuilding pro
gram was given great Impetus today
by an executive order of President
Wilson placing with the United States t
shipping board the power to comman
deer and lo spend the $750,000,000
emergency fleet appropriation.
Chairman William Denman, of the
board, who announced receipt of the
order. Indicated by his manner that
It was a victory tor the wooden ship
program. Gen. George Goelhals had
hoped to be designated sole authority
over the spsndlng of the money, but
be was generally regarded as opposed
to a large wooden fleet!
Ot the appropriation. $250,000,000
was "for purchasing, requisitioning,
or otherwise acquiring slants, ma
terials, charters, or ships now con
structed or In the course or con
struction and the expediting ot .on
structlon of ships' now on the wave.
All these broad powers to com
mandeer plants and materials as well
as ships was vested by the order In
the Shipping Board and Its Emerg
ency Fleet Corporation, of which lat
ter Goethals Is the general manager.
But the order did not specify Goethals
by name, as he had hoped.
That Goethals may resign If the
Shipping Board orders him to build
large numbers of wooden ships un
der today's order Is a possibility.
BUSINESS WOMEN PLAN
NEW LINE OF DEFENSE
Form Association to Fit Them (or
Work in the War. '
CHICAGO. July 12 Uncle Sam's
"second line of defense" mobilized in
Chicago today
Five hundred business women rrom
all parts ot the country gathered here
to organize the woman's Association
of Commerce of the United States of
America, designed principally to fit
women for their part In the great
war
The association proposes to enroll
all women of business experience and
executive ability. Classified lists will
be presented to the Government, and
wherever a position of Importsnce.
commercial or goevrnmental, shall be
vacated or created by the wsr, a
woman will be available.
PATROLS CHECKING U-BOATS.
LONDON, uly 12 The decrease In
the number ot British ships sunk by
German submarines last week was to
day attributed to the Increasing size
and efficiency of the Anglo-American.
fleets
Twenty-four vessels, fourteen of
them over 1.000 tons, three under
1,600 tons, and seven flsnlnr boats
were sent down.
PREIDN
CIS
DENMAN raWER TO
USE $750,000,000
AGENTS
ALL PRICES
President Wilson's statement plac
ing a ban on blood profits and de
nouncing any attempt to mix patriot
ism and prices was Issued last night
after Secretaries Baker 'and Daniels,
Chairman Denman of the Shlnnlnr
Board, and Bernard 1L Baruch, chair
man of the steel committee ot the
council of national defense, had been
In conference all day with Judge .
H. Gary, Charles M. Schwab, Presi
dent FarrelL of the United States
Steel Corporation, and other magnates
in a iruiuea attempt to reach a pries
agreement
As-recsaent- Soan Reached.
Immediately after publication et
the President's statement, which de
clared that "the Government Is about
to determine prices for supplies nec
essary for the prosecution of the war."
the steel representatives arranged an
other conference. Within halt an
hour an agreement waa reached.
After the conference. Secretary Ba
ker Issued the following statement.
which waa agreed upon by the Gov
ernment officials and steel represent
atives: "At the conference this morning be
tween the committee of the American
Iron and Steel Institute and the Sec
retary of War, the Secretary of the
Navy, the Chairman ot the Shipping
Board, and Mr. Baruch. further dis
cussion was had of the prospective de
mand upon the steel Industry of the
country for supplies ot various -steel
products for carrying on the war.
The steel men repeated their assur
ance that their entire product would
be available for the need snd that
they were doing everything possible
to stimulate an increased production
and speed deliveries.
Reasonable Profits.
"The price to be paid for the Iron
and steel products furnished was left
to be determined after the inquiry by
the Federal Trade Commission Is com
pleted, with the understanding that
the, price, when fixed, would Insure
reasonable profits and be made with
reference to the expanding needs of
this vital and fundamental Industry.
"The representatives of the Govern
ment assured the committee of the
steel Institute that It was the Inten
tion ot the Government to distribute
the war requirements oVer the entire
Iron and steel nroduclng capacity of
the country.
The Immediate effect of the agree
ment for the Government to fix the
price of steel will be to release con
tracts Involving billions In value.
Held V Dy Depdleek.
Con ids (or $350,000,000 In steel
for ship construction alone have been
held up by the deadlock on prices.
In addition to this, more than 100,
000,000 In airplane construction snd
;:co.0oo,ooo for naval construction Is
represented In projects helu up until
terl end steel plate prices could be
agreed upon Contracts (or $1,000.
O0O.000 for steel for the allied gov
rnrien's sre affected by the new
agreement
Althouch the statement of the Sec
retary of War does not so speciacally
stat. It Is the understanding ot Gov
ernment officials that the srlo- to be
nced bv the Federa) trade commis
sion will govern the price ot steel
not only to the United ptates Gov-
i
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