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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, July 13, 1917, NIGHT FINAL, Image 1

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k-. - "99"W K
NIGHT
FINAL
WEATHER:
Probably
Showers
Tonight
With
Closing
Wail Street
Prices
NIGHT
FINAL
itigtmt lime
NUMBER 10.225.
WASHINGTON, FRIDAY EVENING, JULY 13, 1917.
PRICE ONE CENT.
f, J,, -jtnsft-
Uteltelt
L
L W. W. Women Stalled in Box Cars Without Food 36 Hoars
AUSTRIANS ROUTED
929 CAPITAL
BENTS TO
BE CALLED IN
FIRST HOT
High Number of Washington-
ians Already in Military Ser
vice Cuts Percentage Here
to Low Level.
Only 929 of the 32,000 Washington
men who registered on June S will be
drafted into the military service of
the nation on the first call.
Official1 announcement of this fact
was made today by Commissioner
Brownlow after receiving orders
from Secretary of War Baler to
complete the details for the draft in
the District.
All that remains to be done by
Commissioner Brownlow is to fix the
number of men to 'be drawn from
each of the eleven police precinct
areas.
Eighty-four From Each.
The quota for the precincts will 'be
determined according to population.
BnTiy wmvj, ...-. of the eleven
precincts will furnish about eighty-foul-
men. Some, however, will fur
nish: more and others less.
The' surprisingly small number of
Washington men to be drafted on the
first call Is due to the large number
of local men already In the military
service.
The District's full quota was fixed
at 3,796, but credit was given for
5,660 men already In the. regular
army or national guard, and a
further allowance of seven men was
made because of a census readjust
ment. Hawaii exceeded Its gross quota by
1,891, and therefore was not called
on to furnish a single man by draft.
REGISTRATION DEVICES
TO BE USED IN ELECTION
Plans Being Rushed for District's
Preferential Primary.
Machinery Improvised by the Dis
trict Commlsioners for registration
day will be utilized in conducting the
preferential primary for the selec
tion of Commissioner Oliver P. New
man's successor by the residents uf
Washington.
The special committee of the Fed
eration of Citizens Associations will
recommend to the Federation at Its
meeting In the District building to
morrow night that each of the schools
used for registration purposes be
employed as voting places on primary
day.
The Federation's committee will
also recommend that a number of ad
ditional precincts be added, and that
each voting place be designated by
a. single number Instead of 5A. 7C. 8D,
as was the case on registration day.
SENATORS TURN GUNS
ON DEFENSE COUNCIL
A storm broke over the Council of
National Defense in the Senate to
day when Senators Sherman, McKel
lar. Reed, and Kenyon took turns con
demning the practice of council mem
bers with the Government in their
own products.
"If we tried what they are doing
we would be Impeached and imprison
ed and ought to be." said Sherman.
"In declaring they must not let con
tracts to their own firms we are re
moving them from temptation and
wrong construction of their acts."
"No honest man will want to alt in
the council on a matter in which he
Is pecuniarily Interested," Reed de
clared. He quoted a statute passed
ja iovo joroiuuius; sucn contracts.
FATE OF FOOD
BILL DEPENDS
ONINFLUENCE
OF PRESIDENT
Selfish Interests Trying to De
vitalize Measure Recognized
fay Executive, Who Seeks
Senators' Aid.
By DAVID LAWRENCE.
(COpyrltst. 1117. Nnr Tort Ermlnx Port Co.)
President Wilson will find it neces
sary to pot the whole weight of his
influence behind the food -bill to com
bat the selfish interests who are try
ing to devitalize that measure.
The Gore substitute -would so com
pletely protect the big packing
houses and commission men, and so
effectively tie the hands of Herbert
C Hoover, food administrator, as to
make the conservation of America's
food supply in the, interest of the na
tions of the world, as well as the in
dividual consumer, an almost im
possible task.
An analysis of what the Gore sub
stitute prqvjdes shows clearly Ilia I 11
ends all licensing at the elevators
and exempts packing houses, commis
sion men, manufacturers and whole
salers from the operations of the law.
Danger Are Iteallsed.
The President Is fully acquainted
with the dangers In the, situation and
has already conferred with several
Senators. There has been enough de
lay on the food bill and the fight
must reach a climax In the next few
days.
A bill representing the views of
the food administration and those In
Congress who have pointed out some
legitimate objections to the previous
measures Is being drawn. The vote
on that bill will be in the nature of
a vote for or against the President
of the United States, who has labored
patiently with Congress In the hope
of protecting the American public
from extortionate prices and the
allies from famine.
The Gore measure la amazing in Its
boldness. Control of boards of trade
that deal in futures Is limited to such'
exchanges as arc engaged In Inter
state commerce when everyone who
has studied the question knows that
the Supreme Court of the United
States has decided that the buying
on exenanges ana contracts between
purchasers and brokers are not trans
actions involving interstate com
merce. Stripped of Effeetlveneas.
The hoarding section of the bill as
It came out of the House and was
approved in the Senate committee has
been stripped of Its force, first by
limiting It to those engaged In inter
state commerce; second, by the addi
tion or a paragraph that "prohibits
the acquiring, storing, or holding of
such articles for future sale and for
such advanced prices as might pre
vail In the ordinary course of business
in a free and unrestricted market."
The above Is simply an Invitation
to hold foodstuffs for "a free and
unrestricted market," whatever that
may mean.
The real motive of those fighting
the food bill Is. however, disclosed
in that part of the Gore substitute
which provides for the creation of a
commission or board in place of the
single executive planned by Presi
dent Wilson In choosing Herbert
Hoover.
At least two of the members. It is
proposed, should be presidents of ag
ricultural colleges In the two largest
wheat ruduclng States, which means
Minnesota and Kansas. This Involves
a mixture of the executive and ad
vlfory functions, no matter whether
01 not Herbert Hoover Is one of the
five chosen.
Washington has hsd enough trou
ble already with boards and commis
sions. It needs executives to decide
questions. Food administration Is a
question of efficiency.
Mr. Hoover would And himself com
pelled to conduct a debating society
with men who could not possibly
know about the larger aspects of the
Continued on Page 2. Col. 4)
KORNILOF S
FORCE WILD RETREAT
General Kornilof's army, continuing its big push in the; Dniester-Carpathian sector, has
cut the Austrian army in two, according to cablegram to the Russian embassy today.
Communication has been cut between the Kaiser's armies under General Kjrbech and
Bofhmer, and they are "in precipitate retreat," the messages say. .
The Cossack troops, who are now in open country, are pursuing the retreating Teu
tons without let-up,
and accounts for the
S.
i
i
NEW YOIUC, July 13. -The West-'
lnghouse Interests In Pittsburgh are
seeking 1,000 men who are willing
to sign an agreement to enter a new
plant to be built for th .manufac
ture of. war munitions by a secret
process :jan.d remain Imprisoned for
ten months, all communication with
tbe 'outside world td tie shut off.' afi
cording to a .special 'dispatch from
Pittsburgh to the New' York "World.
Men who have been approached
were told that the plant will manu
facture a-powerful Implement of war
and the secret must be guarded until
the Government sees fit to make the
details public Only those workmen
and officials who will be engaged in
the production of the new weapon
will know Us character and the de
tails of manufacture.
Recreation and .entertainment of
ertry possible sort will be furnished
the isolated employes. Pay double
that they now get Is guaranteed, and
bonuses will be paid for high produc
tion. Only picked men whose Ameri
canism, is unquestioned and whose
skill In their respective vocations Is
of Che highest wilt be employed.
Officials of the Westlnghouse In
terests refused to talk. An artisan of
high standing, who was approached
by the Westlnghouse agents, sal he
had received an Intimation that the
new plant would turn out. In large I
quantities, one of the late Inventions
of Thomas A. Edison.
William Maxwell, general manager
of Thomas A. Edison, Inc said at the
convention of Edison Phonograph
eDalers at Waldorf-Astoria last night:
"There Is a man, an old man, over"!
In Jersey who Is working hard for
Uncle Sam. At the moment he Is the
most Important man In the country
next to t-resiaent wiison. I believe
he may soon become the most Import
ant figure In the nation. That Is all
I can say now."
a c. opsasgned
TO ANNISTON, ALABAMA
To Get Intensive Training There J
Before Joining Pershing. j
The District National guard troops'
will be sent to a concentration camp
at Annlston, Ala., after they are
called out July 25.
The War Department this afternoon
made this official announcement
which proves Inaccurate published re
ports that Spartanburg, S. C. had
been been selected aa the camp site.
A full division of national guards-l
men made up from the forces of thai
District, Maryland. Virginia. New)
Jersey, and Delaware, will be sent'
to camp at Annlston for a period of:
Intensive trslning before- they are I
sent to France, as part of Pershing's!
force. j
A part of the 020 men forming the
District's quota of the first draft will J
be assigned to the National Guard to!
fill the ranks to war strength. i
Men conscripted for the National
Guard will be called Into the service
before those drawn for the National
Army.
LIBERTY BONDS SLUMP.
NEW YOItK, July 13. Liberty
bonds continued slumping on the New
York stock exchange today. Bonds
sold at D0.3SW), a new low record.
1QQQMENWANTED
TOWORK NSECRET
11
WARDEVIGE
and the superiority of their mounts is of immense advantage to them,
large number of prisoners taken.
ARMED MEN GO TO
STOP THREA TENED
RAID OF BISBEE
BISBEE, Ariz., June 13.
boarded a train here today for Osborne, a railroad junction
cast of here, following receipt of reports that the I. W. W.fs
were preparing for an. attempted invasion of Bisbee. The
guards will round up the industrialists again and hold them
prisoner until the. Government
It.on-ft eidatorektbrraanoB,NM:. thirty Tniles west
of Columbus, the 1,200 I, W.
guards, as the latter left them
returned to Bisbee.
VANDALISM IS
"Well burn the cars and hold up
the first westbound train through
this, station," they shouted. "You'll
see us back in Bisbee soon."
Three women are reported in the
ranks of the agitators, who have been
without food thirty-six hours.
A troop of cavalry is in control at
Hermanos.
Some semblance of order in Bis
bee was resumed today, although
posses are still searching for I. W.
W.'s and several men have been
seized and are being held pending in
vestigation as to whether they are
I. W. W.'s.
Censorship Is Lifted.
The censorship which was enforced
here yeaterday has been lifted.
Yesterday the citizens' committee
took jiosaesslon of the telephone and i
telegraph offices. Messages filed and
long distance calls failed to get atten
tion. Thus far no Indication of what will
be done by the Federal authorities to
cope with the I. W. W. situation has
been received here.
The citizens are anxious to have the
Government step In.
EL, PASO, Tex., July 13. Ixcal au
thorities are making preparations to
arrest tho I. W. W. agitators If tht-y
arrive here.
The chief of police has arrancd to,
call out citizens for duty bv n .vhlstl
If the I. W. W.'s aprpoach El Paso. It
Is said the Invaders wll be given food,
but must leave the city Immediately.
More than a dozen arres.s of Indi
viduals said to be I. W. W.'s havt been
made here today. All train are being
stopped outside the city and searched,
before being allowed to proofed l.i'o
the city limits. ,
Military authorities nave armed -he
provost guard and are prepared to co
operate with civil authorities In han
dllng the situation.
Two Hundred on Guard.
DOUGLAS. Ariz., July 13. Two'
hundred citizens, armed, assembled
here early today, awaiting the ar-,
rival of a passenger train from 121 1
Paso, upon which are thought to boj
a large number of I. W. W.
It was reported here that while In
Columbus, N. M., a large number of
I. W. W. men declared they would .
hold up the first train that came
through and make their way back
Into Arizona. j
The cattle cars loaded with I. W.
W.'s were backed on a lonely siding'
at Hermanos and the engine and
caoooie bearing F. B. King, division
superintendent of the El Paso and
Southwestern, and the train crew
started back to El Paso.
When the regular passenger train
passed Hermanos at 10:30 a. m. the
COSSACKS
Five hundred armed deputies,
.takesva'hand
W.'s defied, .their 184 armed
without. engine and caboose,, and;
THREATENED.",
Bisbee guarda boarded It on their re
turn home. At that time the I. V.
..'a were still In the cattle car.
According to railway officials there
will be no westbound train through
Hermanos, either freight or passen
ger, until late this afternoon.
It was learned from the guarda
here that only the Judgment of cooler
heads prevented serious. trouble with
the military at Columbus, when Su
perintendent King was refused per
mission by Colonel Sickles. U. S. A,
to detrain the Industrialists. A roar
of protest went up from the several
hundred Bisbee guards.
"Dump 'em off at the switch In the
dark!" somebody relied.
At this Juncture, ac several guards
were piling off the train to "dump"
thn I. w. W.'s Superintendent King
came back.
"Dun't do that," he cried. "It will
mean bloodshed If you do. The mili
tary absolutely refuses to let these
men detrain here."
King then ordered the train to pro
ceed to Hermanos, where the L W.
W.'n were left.
No response from Governor Camp
bell's appeal to General Parker for
Federal support In the situation had
been received at noon, according to
telephonic advices from the capital.
CREEL BOARD DENIES
CENSORING L W.W.NEWS
The War Department and commit
tee on public Information denied to
day that orders to Impose a military
censorship on news from Bisbee and
Douglas. Ariz., had been sent from
Washington. The committee on pub
lic Information issued this statement:
"Cennorshlp on news dispatches
from Arizona was not Imposed b
the War Department or by this com
mittee, nor was the fsct that such
censorship had been Imposed reported
here. If censorship was Imposed, It
was under o tilers of military com
manders on the spot."
Secretary Ilaker today wired In-,
structlons to General Parker to take
whatever steps are necessary to pro
tect life and property. General Par
ker was Instructed to take no sides
In the disputes.
COLONEL KUTZ TO QUIT
HIS POST HERE SUNDAY
Next Sunday was fixed as the date
for the relief of Lieut. Cot. Charles
W. Kutz and the assignment of Brig.
Gen. John G. D. Knight as engineer
commissioner of the District In an
official order Issued by the War De
partment today.
WARBRsNGS12,397
NEW CLERKS HERE
T0TALf,DW54,461
For the first time In the nation's
history the force of Government
workers In' "Washington" has passed
the . 00,000 mark. - t
C.Th. -'rrtd 'tritaJ -.- osj'4 offlciala .awl
clerks oXtnexfvtllaV force and officers
.flf thfci'anhltary orcsson. ihe'jggif rmj
meotPeyroli In Washington, waa-j
plfcad at 5mhrdej)artmint heads,
today. This is an Ih'cre'sse of 1ZS0T
over the total of 42.0S4. shown In the
last Covernrdent' clerk, census, which
was-. taken from the official register
of July 1. IBIS.
All (he Increase ha come In the
first three months of waifs activities.
Prior to ihe war decreases In the
force of the Pension Office. Postoffice
Department, and other bureaus had
offset the normal Increases In the new
acpiruoenu,
.ims aaaiuon ot iz.lf employes
should be multiplied by two' or
three In reckoning the Increase In
population aa a large part of the new
force Is mad up of married mtn with
families.
This result ot 25.000 to 35.000 falls
to represent all of Washington's gain
In population since the. United States
entered the war.
Thousands of representatives of
private firms dealing In war contracts
have moved their headquarters and
brought their families to Washing
ton for the period ot the war.
Hundreda of others have come to
offer, their services to the Govern-H
ment and are serving In various
capacities on the quasi-official war
bureaus organized under the Council
of National Defense and other new
war agencies.
Moreover the transient population
has Increased by thousands, as the
crowded condition of hotels and
apartment houses Indicates.
ASHURST NEAR DEATH
UNDER FALLING BAR
Senator Is Knocked Unconscious j
as He Walks G Street.
Senator Henry F. Ashurst of Ari
zona today narrowly escaped death
when he was struck and knocked un- j
conscious by a falling Iron bar of an
awning frame In front of a restaurant
at HIT G street northwest.
Senator Ashurst heard warning
cries from negro workmen as the
. ..... -.... .! mhJ ,-f ,1 n .-,.
HUM (I MIIIV .C, (.MU ...EU w C..,,E .
being struck, but was hit on the J
hniiMir W w unronarlniiji for I
several minutes, but after being re
vived declared that he had important
work at the Capitol, and started for
his office.
Senator Ashurst replied to a num
ber oT telegrams concerning the I.
W. W. strike In Arizona, and then
was compelled to desert his desk and
go home to bed. The frame weighed
more than 100 pounds, and fell nearly
thirty feet, missing the Senator's
head by Inches.
The Senator was walking from the
Treasury, reading a newspaper, when
the accident occurred.
BALFOUR WELCOMED BACK.
LONDON, July 13. Arthur J. Bal
four was formally welcomed home
from America In Guild Hall today. In
his address he paid high tribute to
America's clear vision' of the danger
of a German militarism.
UTILITY BODY
ORDERS Ml
ELECTRICITY
Fl CAPITAL
Price Cut Per Kilowatt Hour
Twf Cents, as Forecast by
v The Times, Saving The
sanas to wasningtonians.
Clarence' P. King, president of
the Potomac Electric Power
Company; this a(rnoon said
thaj ("until we have-had time to
.carefully considervthe commis
sion's order tUlm impossible to
state exectlvfwh'at coarse of ac
tion we shall'-pnrsue."
Reduction of the cost of electric
current to the 'people of Washington
from 3.0 cents to 8 cents per, kilowatt
hour, and the minimum monthly
charge from' 1 to 75 .cents, and
marked redaction in ether rate
icheduiesjvlrich It ii estimated; will
result in a net savins' to the people
of Wasninjrton-ot S32000"anHually;
was ordered by the Public Utilities
Commission 'in the 'rate decision.
based ori the -valuation of the Poto
mac Electric Power Company, an
nounced today.
The report of the commission was
forecast exclusively in The Times
yesterday and the news then pub
lished was received with great satis
faction by .the people of Washington,
meaning to them the saving of hun
dreds of dollars each year.
Effective Next Month.
The order stipulates that the new
rate shall become effective August 1.
1917. and the company Is directed to
file with the commission by July 31
a revised schedule of rates conform
ing with the order.
It Is regarded aa practically certain,
however, that the Potomac Electric
Power Company will ask the court
for an Injunction restraining the com
mission from enforcing the. new rate
until its appeal from the valuation
recently handed down by the commis
sion has been passed upon by 'the
courts If the restraining order Is
Issued this probably would mean that
it might be a year or more before
the people actually reaped the benefit
of the reduction, even though the
commission's valuation of the eora
pany'a property were sustained by
the courts.
nefnnd would fellow.
Corporation Counsel Syme said to
day that In the event a restraining
order Is Issued, be shall Insist that
provision be made so that. In the
event the valuation Is upheld, the new
rates will be retroactive and become
effective as of August 1, 1017. This
would mean that the company would
have to refund to the people of Wash
ington the difference between the
present rates and the- new rate, if
the rullna- is unfavorable to th mr. !
poratlon.
The order handed down today re
duces the cost for street lamps 10
per cent. It also changes the present
schedules of the company so that the
minimum current to be used In order
to enjoy reduced rates would be CO
kilowatt hours Instead of 120 kilowatt
hours. This Item Is Important since It
will ensble private consumers and
particularly small stores using more
than GO hours and less than 120 to
avail themselves of the rate of S cents
per hour, which under the old sched
ule could not be obtained until 130
hours had been consumed. Schedule C
of company's rates Is changed so that
the charge for the first fifty hours of
monthly consumption r.M not ex
ceed 8 ce'nts per kilowa.t hour, that
the charge for the next 300 shall not
exceed 7 cents, for the next 500 shall
not exceed 0 cents, and that charge
for current In excess of ssn kilowatt
hours shall not exceed the rate now
ln force.
The commission estimates that even
after the reduction ordered, and after
making allowances for lncressed pro
duction costs, the company will earn
In excess of 7 per cent of the fair
value of Its property.
SLAVS FORGE
NEW ACTIONS
b
BATTLE LINE
Attack Between Riga am,
Dvirtsk, White Kornilof
Presses on Fleeing Austrq
Gerniana. on RoM fo Galicia
Capitai.
LONDON, July 13V-Toda ad
vices from the xtqssisn front, whfl
incomplete In detail, , indicate that
the offensive of the Muscovite forces
is rapidly extending 1n the north.
heavy ariiHerymg in the sector1 be
tween Eitra and DviruV being is
progress, while' General Kornflofs
victorious .armies are sweeping tat
ward Lembeix in Galicia. ,
The news that action has been t
sukwAe Baltic xeoais of trf
jriinnjrHr tiTrt-y ,as itshowsthat
the entire Russian armx.' respond?
iinjT to the Joint wh&i Irae3 Xornl-
, lofs ' men in their amazing dash
through, the Austro-German walls of
fire and steel in the Galicia sector.
Big Battle At Halics.
KomUofe latest achievement; the
capture of KIusz, the Callclas rail
road base, was attended by a bis;
pitched battle, th reports Indicate.
When ft was over his Cossacks were;
chasing the Teutons across the Ga-.
llclan plains, harassing them at every
step.
That section to General Kornilof
army which stormed Kalusx. tho for
mer Austro-German headquarters la
Galicia, Is reported to have occupied
Krechovlce, which I on the. railway
leading to Dollna.
North of this sector Russian cav
alry i approaching th. Svtc. river,
fifteen miles from Kalusx, where th
Austro-German forces are expected
to make a strong stand.
North of the Xmleater the Russians
are fighting for the railroad town of
Buczcxovce, an Important position
north of Uallcz.
The Russians are now astride th
railway and highways leading from
Stanlxlau to StryJ. This latter town
Is another ot the "key positions' de
fending Lemberg on the south.
Apart altogether from the moral
Significance of the capture or Halics
and Kalusx by the Eighth Revolution
ary Army, Kornllofs advance wedge
wise Into the territory between the
Dniester and Carpathians conatltnte
a menace to the whole front of Boehrn
Ermollt's armies, whose northeastern
sector, hard pressed before Brxexany .
and Zborow by the Russian Seventh
and Eleventh armies, now risks being
outflanked by Kornllor famous
crumbling process, which began list
year and may begin again.
Although there Is need for caution
In military forecasts under the new
condition, nothing succeeds Ilk (ac
cess, and at a moment when so much
depends on the spirit of the new.
born Russian army the moral factor
may very easily override purely
strategical considerations and th
Russians will gather strength as they
advance.
Inner Crista la Amatrla.
The large number of Czechs and
Slovaks among the prisoners seems
to show that the Inner crisis 'In Aus
tria Is having Its effect on the front.
If for a time German agents suc
ceeded In weakening the spirit of
the Russian army. It Is very prob
able that the Russian revolution as
an historical fact has had a mdctr
more profound and permanent effect
In undermining the moral resistance
of the central powers.
Kerensky at the front urging th
war-worn soldiers to a fresh and vic
torious effort Is one ot the most strlk-
lnz iigures of modern history, H
, watches the fighting from an artll-
letr observation point, attends th
funerals of the dead, distributes or
ders, promotes brave officers and sol
diers, and once during the battle de
missed the commander of a division.
I Before the attack he addressed the
I regiments. "Comrades." he said, "the
HICTANERThe Man Fish Who Sank a Navy See the Magazine Page
S
.ifc.
.-AJC'- -T .--

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