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THE WASHINGTON TIMES." FRIDAY, AUGUST 31, 1917.
First Intimate Story of American Expeditionary Forces PERSHING 10 1 Washington Boys Make Good at United States Military Academy PONTIFF NOW HAVE BIGGEST PI EStTrSl HPI H0PESTOFIND fiig fed 1 wsMasmKmKKm s&l ground for ssssKfcK " ; iH BBsiEMsissBBBBBBBBslwlS sssssssssssm? ssssbbI in exisienceIK I EMSMSmmisim nil Dillon Tours Site of Camp to House 15,000 Airmen- Quartermaster's Corps Rush ing Plan for Permanent Base. By DANIEL DILLON. AMERICAN TRAINING CAMP DT FRANCE, Aug. 31. America is to hare the biggest aviation field in the world. I saw it under construc tion at the American aerial base on & five-day motor tour of the Ameri can military establishments, which ended today. The site of the aviation camp is ten miles square, and the barracks now being erected will house 15,000 men. Hangars are being construct ed to accommodate enough machines for use by these men. In sixty days sufficient hangars will be completed to accommodate 1,500 aeroplanes. The remainder will be finished by January. This is the first announcement or view of the aviation camp to be per mitted by the American military au thorities. Hundreds for Air Service. Hundred! of young- American are now receiving' aerial Instruction. One training- school has been set aside temporarily by the French for use by the Americans until the American plant for training Is completed. Here I saw men from both the army and navy hard at work learning- under French Instructors. Work at the aviation training camp begins early. The men are up before dawn and 4:30 finds them flying or Xettlng their machines In shape for Olght. Tbey remain In the air until 10 o'clock when the technical Instruc tion begins. J At 4 in the afternoon they again take the air and stay up until dark ness falls. A hearty supper is ap preciated at the end of such a stren uous day and the men then lose no time In "hitting the hay." Asaerieans' Aptness Leads. An American member of the for eign legion, who was conducting a class In technical matters, pronounced the Americans the most apt pupils he had ever seen. A majority of the army men college graduates and all of the officers of the nar- are. At present no provision has been Dade for the naval students to re ceive commissions when they have finished their training. This has Aroused some slight discontent, as the naval men complain that the army fares better than the navy in this respect. The splendid physical condition of the men Is commented upon by all who see them. The food is better than is usually provided at French camps, as the Americans are heartier eaters than the French. From this school the Americans will go directly Into the American army. Treated as French Soldiers. At some of the French camps, where Americans are being trained, the pupils are being treated Just as though they were French soldiers. It Is stated that about SO per cent of the Americans are anxious to en roll under the Stars snd Stripes, while numerous others prefer to remain with the French fighting forces. Those who desire to serve with the French base their preference on the belief that they will be able to tee active service sooner and that they I will have better aeroplanes to handle. There are Indications that some of the Americans In France hold slight re sentment against the American army for not consulting or offering induce- Don't let skin trouble spoil your good time Resinol heals sick skins " I can't have any fan 1 I am such a tight with this eciema that people avoid me wberever I go. And the iuhing torments me so that I don't get any peace, anyhow." Don't be discouraged 1 Even in se vere, well-established cases of eczema, ringworm or similar skin-troubles, Res inol Ointment, aided by Resinol Soap, usually relieves the itching at once and quickly clears the eruption away. Doctors pracru the ItsttaeltrtsbBra All dm r sih till X ninal Oltuscat las Kwlsol Sots H '-'"' 'Mil VtfflsHssssssssssV V" J9h IsJHSbSBBSSBBBBBBBBBBBBBBT Hn.. 'o'JH IKlS93!l3re iflsssssssKBH LaraBsSlllllllllllrr.- EMeaeeeeeeeeeeeaee?eeeElflESsaB9eeeeeeSBEaEHBBBssrat&? Jffil2M9EaeTMSEHBaeESsMEEeaHBaTa9eKe-i?2H VbEsIIIb 7. m B iBM flBsjajajjejjajsi fr'assiiVVPeMK?ras,fti'fH'L1 , n . 31 IBBB'' r sssssssssssss9aaaaaaVssssSleKJaaaHR95l!5i?S iStzBKai3KBSerzsaaBlnHMm$3Pf flaaScm& i'l-W- W'-issssBsssS sl,sssfigSt'.3E'.ir j-1-?! fi 1 1 s. iial v g 38WB!B8afti khIsI i is $ajF7S3sSEasJBSaBssasSSsSSSSSaV FVa ESSSXSSSSSSSSSSSssY9s3lSBrfJF-!l&JjBSSa LAyRbrsCE McC. JOjNr-a. Former Washington high school athletic star, who made good on West Point's football team. ments to the trained aviators who have been seeing service with the French air corps It 1 generally be lieved, however, that this will be sat isfsctorlly arranged later French Rlrls as Laborers. At the American quartermaster's base French girls are being used tern porarlly as laborers. In this connec tlon the opinion is widely held that the United States should supply its labor from home, as human power is a commodity that France can least spare. The quartermaster's corps has a number of prominent American busl ness men working with It. These Americans also have their complaint. Most of them are experts In some cer tain line, but they declare that they are usually put to work at something that Is strange to them, so that their efforts are thus handicapped. Great quantities of biscuits are be ing baked dally In the American ba kery. Some of these are sent to the French army, where they are grate fully received. The bakery also falls under the Jurisdiction of the quarter master corps. Corps Kept Hard at Work The corps Is kept hard at work on Its diversified tasks, and now recom mendations are uelng made for the establishment of ,a permanent base to handle the supplies. This will do a colossal Job, nscessltatlng the erec tion of a modern building on a huge scale. It is Impossible for the French to supply either the building material or the labor, so the United States must furnish both. There Is now a splendid reserve of medical supplies on hand, for every regiment has brought Its own medi cal outfit. Large quantities of sup plies are kept on hand at the t.ase for the refurnishing of both the field and the base hospitals. At present all of the reserve sup plies of food, clothing, and medicines aro kept In a huge warehouse lent by the French, but larger quarters will be necessary. The Frerxh are proving cordial Instructors of the Americans In the art of war, and In some quarters the fear has begun to be felt thst too much Is being asked. The chief ambition of the American army Is now to become Independent and self supporting at the earliest possible moment. CAMERA CLUB TO SHOW FRENCH WAR MOVIES An exhibition of French war films, depicting actual fighting scenes in France, will be shown under the aus pices of the Capital Camera Club at the Central High School auditorium on the nights of October 10 and 11, for the benefit of the American Tied Cross. The Camera Club committee in charge Is headed by H. J. Odenthal, and the exhibition has the approval of the Washington Chamber of Com merce No admission will be charged, but contributions to the Red Cross will be asked at the exhibition. dktrMeIsaves'big freighter from "sub" AN AMERICAN TORT. Aug. 31 How the largest freighter now plying between the United State and Euro pean ports narrowly escaped destruc I tlon by a German submarine uu told when the ship reached this port to I dny A Itrltlsh destroer, which was i convoying the freight ship, shelled the I' boat and forced it to submerge , after It had discharged a torpedo, I which passed astern of the freighter. RUBLES STILL DROP. I NEW YORK. Aug. 31 Rubles fell to a new low record on the money market toda. cables selling down to 17..0 LION WITH LINK 3 AND BUTTONS IgggACH 6 FOR OO0 inn HIroll itfoil Collars I IWrrojHOT40cxtAC0,"n0Y..Tj KImhIHHH BftfliWffPlnMlllBMM r i M!ntOTTiiBRWr T BnW 'Tl walker g. white. HfejyLjH BB&BSBSBKBBKMEmMllW mSmlKKK v X csssQfaKat! He rece'Tei M diplomas from the jHRfRSPlSH SBIBBIWb8S1E?I P?Jt?BB' M SbR-MT '.B hands his grandfather. Gen. Eo- Bv tJBSBBBl HHHPVrraflH&vX'iuJrSHK vlBat'El ratio G' GiDSOn oldest living gradn- 'K isisLbI iflsf V' 4HI ate of West Point. 3fW&mlfi SOLDIER KILLED 'HiKl' JlsH -i-MBiKaBHI3Bf M Al I HERBERT H. POHL. He Was Graduated as Honor Man of His Class. PETROGRAD, Aug. 31. The Inde cision of the Germans on the Russian front is due to a shortage of man power, according to views expressed by competent military observers here today. Out not only do the Germans need men, but fighting equipment as well. The action of the Germans in the Tarnopol sector furnishes evidence of their predicament. The German gen eral staff was not able to avail Itself of Innumerable advantages arising from the revolutionary strife In Rus sia and the work of agitators at the front. On other parts of the front this is being duplicated, in Roumanla as well as in Russia. It Is admitted that the Germans can still strike hard blows, but they cannot follow them up with a strategically concerted of fenslve. OFFICIAL WAR REPORTS BRITISH LONDON. Auff. 31. The war office today Issued the following report: The weather In unsettled. Dur ing the night the enemy heavily shelled out forward positions near Arleux en-Uohelle (five miles houtheaxt of Lens), and at an early hour this morning attempt ed to raid our lines. The German troops were repulsed completely. FRENCH PA KIS. Aujr. 31. The follow Infr report was Issued today by the war office: IZast of Cerny (Alsne front), a German patrol, which attempt ed to approach our lines was re pulsed by our fire There was active artillery fight In? on both banks of the Meuse. In Alsace an enemy attack south of Hartmannswellerkopf was repulsed completely. There is nothing to report from the remainder of the front. GERMAN nnitUN (via London), Aup. 31. "Southwest of Lecatelet we wrested from the eneraj a portion of the recent English gains there. today's official statement asserted "We took numerous prisoners "No bowl is too big when it holds toasties Host imk f TiWssW One hundred and fifty-two young officers received their commissions ahead of time at West Point, so that Uncle Sam may have leaders for his new army. The photograph shows the graduating class on re view before the commencement exercises. ALEXANDRIAN HAS HONOR OF LEADING WEST POINT BOYS Alexandria is jubilant today, for an Alexandria man took first honors in the second class graduatig exercises at the West Point mili tary Academy held there yesterday. Leads 152 Students. Ills name Is Herbert Henry Pohl, of 23 Rosemont avenue, and today he bears the distinction of being the honor man In his class of 152 stu dents. Pohl was No. 2 man on the second class list, bat at the last minute C. C. Courture, of Iowa, was not permitted to graduate and Pohl went ahead. There are also two Washington men In the list of new lieutenants. They are Lawrence McJ Jones, of 210:! First street northuest, and Walker Gibson White, of 2015 N street north west, the latter a grandson of Gen. Horatio G. Gibson, the oldest living graduate of West Point. It was learned today that General Gibson was permitted to confer ad dltlonal honor upon his grandson at the graduation by personally present-j ins young wnue wun nis aipioma. Graduate Early. The class which graduated yester day was the second class of cadets to be graduated this year and In real ity, was a class of 19JH, the cadets receiving their diplomas ten months ahead of time. With the exception of the diploma given young White by his grandfather, the diplomas EUROPEAN WAR NEWS SUMMARY The official reports of General Cndorna, commander-in-chief on the Italian front, record only definite, completed operations or vaguely general accounts of a day's fighting, and it, therefore, becomes neces sary, in order to mark the progress of the Italian offensive, to read be tween the lines with the aid of the map, or to supplement the terse official statements with the semi-official information furnished the Italian embassies from time to time at Washington or London. General Cadoma's latest report states merely that Austrian at tacks on the Bainsizza plateau, north of Gorizia, made in force, at tempted to retake positions previously captured by the Italians, and that these everywhere proved futile. The Italian positions at some points were drien forward. It is further stated that the Austrians sought to create a diversion by attacking the Italian positions south of Gorizia, between the Vipacco river and the Faiti ridge, and that here, too, the Austrian attacks were beaten back. Supplementing this information with that supplied to the Italian embassy from Rome, it appears that the Austrian counter attacks north of Gorizia were launched from a line of fortified positions at the eastern end of the Bainsizza plateau, which is now largely in Ital ian hands. The Italian holdings were enlarged on the southern side of the tableland, where the Italians descended into the Chiapovano alley. They have also advanced into the Temova wood, south of the Chiapovano river, and hae isolated the Austrian positions on Monte San Gabricle and Monte San Daniele. The whole operation along this front the Isonzo line is becom ing clearer. The advance from Monte Santo eastward along the Bain sizza plateau has struck a wedge into the Austrian positions. The immediate effect has been to remove the Austrian ability of continu ing to shell Gorizia from the Isonzo heights, but the ultimate result will be to permit flanking operations against the whole Austrian Isonzo position. To the south of Gorizia, this aims at the Austrians holding of the Vipacco salient, and to the north it threatens the Isonzo line as far as Tolmino, above Plava and some twenty miles above Gorizia. Disaffection among some of the Russian troops on the Roumanian front continues to, make itself felt in the Roumanian defense against the advance of the forces of Field Marshal on Mackenscn in the Suchitza valley. Two more Russian regiments abandoned their posi tions, but the Roumanians and loyal Russian forces attacked the Teu tons with great igor, and a battle of major proportions has developed in this region. North of this sector, in the Trotus valley, the Roumanians are maintaining themselves with great determination. Violent German and Austrian attacks toward (Jkna have been sanguinarily repulsed. Southwest of this region, in the direction of Soveja, northeast of that place, Teutonic attacks were also repulsed. In Flanders, the flooded ground in the region east and northeast of Ypres precludes, for the moment, any large operations. Local at tacks are possible here and there, and one of these assaults by the British yielded a gain of position southeast of St. Jenshoeck, north east of Ypres. Artillery fire is active in the whole Ypres region. Re ciprocal shelling has occurred west and east of the Meusc, on the Ver dun front. were passed out to the graduates by Secretary of War Baker. Not since 1811 have two classes been graduated from the Military Academy In one year. The arrange ment was made necessary because of the demand for officers In the strug gle across the Atlantic. Two mem bers of the class were not permitted to graduate. They were Courture, the No. 1 man, and J. T. Pell, a cadet from Virginia, who was 141st on the list. Doth men were recently tried by court martial for infraction of the rules and pending the decision of the court, their diplomas were withheld. In 21 Years Old. Pohl, the honor man. Is twenty-one ears old. and is the son of Mr. and Mrs. A. J. Pohl, of 23 Rosemont avenue, Alexandria. His father Is manager of the Washington Hydraulic iYessed Brick Company, at Arlington Junction, Va. Pohl Is the first to graduate of three brothers who are training In the American military service. He had two brothers. Augustin and Leo Pohl. both eighteen cars old, both of whom are In training for the navy at Norfolk. Herbert Pohl, the graduate, was born and raised In Alexandria. He attended Senator Lewis Sponsors Novel Evening Attire Senator J. Ham Lewis of Illi nois threw a new sartorial bomb ' shell Into Washington society last night. He attended the recep tion at the Japanese embassy, given In honor of the visiting commission, dressed as follows: Coat Conventional black dress swallow-tall. Shirt Soft, white. Tle-Black. Vest White, with large black buttons. Trousers WHITE. Shoes and socks WHITE. St .Mary's Academy and the graded schools of Alexandria. Pohl graduated from the Alexan dria high school several years ago, after winning the post of letter man on the school track team. He was sppolnted to the Military Academy from Alexandria, June 15, 1014, at the age of seventeen. H will spend fif teen days at Alexandria with bis par ents before reporting to the War De partment for duty. Lieut Walker Gibson White was the one hundred and thirty-eighth man on the class list. He Is twenty one years old. and will probably be assigned to an Infantry regiment. It was understood. White Is a gaduate of the Force School here, and lived In Washington practically all his life. He spent three years at the Cathedral School for Boysa t Mt St. Alban, and later took a preparatory course hsre before entering the Military Academy. There Is a romance attaching to the graduation of young White, who will be married tomorrow to Miss Catherine race, also of Washington. For three years Jones played on the West Point football team. He was captain of Company I. a sharp shooter, and one of the most popular men at West Point He was captain elect of the football team, but never led the team on account of the early graduation of the class. In his "Plebe" year, Jones was first In his class. At graduation he ranKea in the third tenth. He Is twenty-two Years old. Jones Is a graduate of the Central High School, and also attended the Army and Navy Preparatory School. At high school, he was captain of Company II, played on the football team, was president of the graduating class, and won the Lehigh scholar ship. He declined this scholarship In favor of the West Point appoint ment. He was the District representative to West Point, having won the ap pointment in a competitive examlna lion. A brother, Herbert Jones, eighteen, also won appointment through competitive examination. His father, K. McC. Jones, now dead, was a well known insurance man of Washington. At the time of the graduation yes terday, there was a strong rumor afloat that Pershing had asked that the class be sent to France to train for six months, and then be returned to America to train recruits here, but War Department officials declined to confirm the report COTTON DECLINES $2.50 ON GOVERNMENT REPORT NEW YORK, Aug. 31. The Govern ment report on cotton created a bear ish feeling which led to selling which broke the market about 50 points, or J'.'.SO per bale. Raines followed the extreme de- rllne, and ut the end of fifteen min utes the market was about 10 points above the low CASTOR I A For Infants and Children In Use For Over 30 Years Always bears &vtf& .he Pjnatuieof ITO WHEN HE GIVES GIRLS IE Two young men are being held for Investigation at the Ninth precinct police station pending a coroner's In quest into the death of Frederick J. Kueffner, thirty years old. of Com pany A, Tenth Reserve Engineer Corps, who was killed In an automo bile accident on Bladensburg- road shortly before last midnight. The men are Louis A. Price, twen ty, of 831 East Capitol street, and Harry J. DeAtley, twenty-four, of TZS Third street northwest Uved In St. PauL Kueffner la said to be a member of a well-known family of St Paul, Minn. When he came here to go In training at the American University Camp he brought bis automobile with him. Price and DeAtley, who are autmoblle mechanics, overhauled Kueffner'a car yesterdsy, and last night the soldier invited them to go out with him. They spent the evening at a Mary land Inn. As they were preparing to return to the city shortly after 11 o'cIockJCueffner, the police say, saw a man aKd two young women In front of the club and offered to drive them to town. Knocked Off Rnanlna: Board. In order to make room for the three strangers, Kueffner had to sit on the running board. The police say the machine was being operated by DeAtley. and was going at a high rate of speed. when, at Queen's Chapel and Bladensburg roads, it swerved close to a telegraph pole, swiping Kueffner off the running board. He was placed In a passing machine, but was dead when the party reached Casualty Hospital. Itone of the other occupants of the car was Injured. Companion Charges Speeding. William W. Broke, of 132S Sixth street northwest, one of the occu pants of the car, told Lieutenant Du val!, of the Ninth precinct that the machine was being operated too fast for him, and that he begged the man at the wheel to slow down. He said they were attempting to pass another machine when Kueffner was knocked off the running board. DeAtley, who the police say was operating the machine, was charged with speeding. f!novrl Vstriiir I Pay $10 for Pyrene and make the little ones safe from fire. At all Hardware and Auto Supply Dealers in this Qty 54 KILLS FIRE A " f gig1" " ' Z SAVES LIFE Z NEW APPEAL Vatican Report Says He Will Sift Out Differences From Answers of All Belligerents and Warn of Them as Peril. ROME, Ana 31-Pope Benedict, it was learned tadar. has rnirnwl himself as greatly disappointed oer the rejection of his peace plan by the American President. According to rumor here. Em peror Karl of Austria, and even the Kaiser, have written the Pontiff in dicating pledges of the widest democratization within their m. pires. The dispatch does not indiratii whether these letters were written before or after Pope Benedict issued Ais appeal, but it is reasonable to assume they preceded the Pontiff's- note. M Will Issue New Statement. At the Vatican today it was sLsted that when replies of all helllrJrtnt. are received. Pone Benedict Intend. i issue a statement pointing out the propositions of peace on which all agree, and separating those on which there are differences. These lattsr he intends to make a matter of dan ger. In this way he hopes gradually, by sifting out the agreed sectfoDi. to make peace a matter of politics. VIOLENT SUBMARINE WARFARE ON U. S. TO BE REPLY PENALTY ROME, Aug. 31. Intense and con centrated submarine warfare against the United States, as well as England. will be one oftbe results of President Wilson's declination of the Pope's peace appeal. In which the American Executive clearly showed he was not Impressed by the steps towardTdemoc ratlxatlon Germany has taken ts date. Diplomatic circles here today re vealed that the central empires have been aiming through so-called demo cratic decrees and discussions to in fluence American public opinion. The reply of President Wilson is evidence that they have failed In this. Germany's next step, then, diplo mats here believe, may be expected la the form of a new outbreak of terror from her U-boats. AIRSHIPS WILL TAKE REPLY OF PRESIDENT TO GERMAN PEOPLE Unless there Is evidence soon that President Wilson's note rejecting the peace proposals of the Pope has been circulated In Germany, steps will be taken to make certain that the docu ment reaches at least a large number of the German people to Inform them why the United States cannot discuss a peace involving acceptance of the word of the present rulers at Berlin. Secretary Lansing said today it was assumed that within a reasonable, time newspapers of the European neutrals would carry the note Into Germany. If this should be prevented, he said. some other way would be found. It was recalled that the President's war message was dropped behind the oerman lines by hundreds of allied airmen. Babies V e