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SEPTEMBER 1, 1917 WASHINGTON 1 WxnMms Are You Leading or Led? Tolerance and Freedom of Speech The Peoole of Washington Will Know How to Restrain Violence Tfiea the Pacifists Xect Here. EDGAR D. SHAW. Publisher. EDITORIAL PAGE OF THE Entered ai aecona cltw nutter at th Potofflc t 'Washington. P. a Publlthed Ererr ETn!nit (Including Sundays) Br ta Washington Times Company, Munsey Building, Pennsylvania Ave. trail Snbscrlptlona: 1 Tear (Inc. Sunday). S7.00. i Months. 11.78. 1 MonthWc. BATURDAT. SEPTEMBER t, MIT. With Young Vanderbilt Rushing By in His "White Qhost," We Bought a Rubber-Tired Han som From Andrew Freedman Therefore We Criticise No Merchant Who Fails at First to Realize That the New and Swift Thing Like The Times Is the Best Thin?. Yon know of Andrew Freedman, who left bis millions to a home for poor people. He was very intelligent that is why he left millions and sold us his ruhber-tired BrewBter nansom. He said to us when the automobile was a new invention: "I am selling my Brewster carriages, want to buy one?" We did. "We thought that the too-fast automobile would never really take the place of the rubber-tired carriage. We bought Freedman's rubber-tired brougham and his rubber tired depot wagon, and, saddest of all, we bought his rubber-tired Brewster hansom hardly used. The rubber-tired brougham we lent to farmers of Monmouth county, New Jersey, for their friends' funerals. It has decorous silk shades at the windows, and they enjoy mourning in it. We gave away the station wagon. We still have that rubber-tired hansom, we never hitched a horse to it, the harness is mouldy, and nobody will take it, although it cost Freedman $1,500 and cost us more than we care to say. Because we did not recognize the value of the automobile when it came in, and because we did not know enough to refuse to buy Freedman's rubber-tired hansom, and because .we thought the old thing was the good thing, and would always remain the good thing, we do not blame the Wash ington merchant who has not yet begun advertising in The Washington Times. It goes a little too fast perhaps for the quiet conservative five man. Its circulation went from 29,000 to above 60,000 in less than two months. That is something like the motion of the automobile that used to disturb the conservatives. It disturbed us, we thought we'd never ride in it and we bought that hansom. Now we know that it was a mistake to stick to the han som, and a mistake to neglect the automobile. We have come to the quick-moving vehicle, we have a large red one in front of this Washington Times office. And five more in the garage. What we ultimately did in the way of buying automobiles, Washington merchants will ultimately do in the way of buying Washington Times advertising. The youngest (mentally), most energetic, and quickest will first profitably use the new high-speed newspaper just as the young and forceful took to the motor. When we bought that rubber-tired hansom from Freed man, we had in the country as next-door neighbor W. K Van derbilt, jr. He was racing around in a car called "The White Ghost." It couldn't do more than thirty miles an hour, but we thought him insanely reckless, and said, "How wise are we to buy Freedman's hansom and stick to good old-fashioned ways." But we were wrong about it. Those that are a little slow to use the high-speed pub licity that The Times offers them are no slower than we were, when we looked at young Vanderbilt in his "White Ghost" and thought him foolish. That's why we do not repine, or ask any merchant to hurry. The change from the respectable, softly bumping, gently rolling, rubber-tired hansom, to the modern high powered car, had to come. The quickest-and best wins in a little while. Habit Is the Most Powerful of Giants And a Giant Makes a Good Servant A Dreadful Master. The lesson in this simple picture if really understood and taken to heart, it would turn hundreds of thousands of failures into success. We ask every earnest man and woman who sees the picture and these few words about it to hand this newspaper to some man or woman whom Giant Habit leads, a victim. In every fairy story are good and bad fairies. In every life are a good and a bad giant, named Good Habit and Bad Habit. The giant Good Habit will carry your life load for you if you let him and make him. Aladdin brought his giant with the mere rubbing of a lamp. The creation of giant Good Habit is not so simple. You must control yourself before you can use and control that giant. It takes years to build him up. He is made up of systematic living, self-control, regu lar hours, wise economy, and a hundred other qualities. But just as surely as Aladdin could bring bis humble gjant obedient to bis feet, so surely can you have the giant Good Habit woriong lor you, u you cnoose to take the trouble. Giant Bad Habit is more like Aladdin's riant. Nn Itrouble getting THAT giant to come. He is ready at any lomeni. cut aiter you nave cauea mm a lew times, vou sh you had never seen him. He puts the heavy load on your back and leads vou by a string that your weakened will cannot break. In every family in the United States, at least one indi- idual needs this cartoon and the lesson it teaches. And the blest, most successful man, ruling the giant H&bit for his jbwn good, can get something from this picture if he will. (Continued At Bottom of Last Column.) Here is a cartoon for every human being from childhood right to the cemetery gates. If you control Giant Habit, he will carry your load. If Habit controls you, Heaven pity yon, Habit will not (See Editorial.) Mabel Dodge Writes ON "Who Wants Pictures?" Buyers Don't Want Them. Many Who Do, Cannot Buy, Why Not Rent Them? By Mabel Dodge. USUALLY people -who get rich suddenly buy a big house and stoeeo their walls all over -with expensive pic tures in heavy gold frames, and then never think anything more about them. THEY don't want PICTURES. Then there's another kind of rich person who PATRONIZES art. He buys lots of pictures to help along the artists. He buys the artist not the artist's pie tires. , . . When he gets & pictures he puts them up in the attic or some where! Anyway, they disappear. He doesn't want PICTURES! Another rich type "collects" pic tures. He buys only very old master pieces by authenticated, acclaimed and famous DEAD artists, and he LIKES to pay for their authentic acelalmed FAME. He doesn't want the PICTURES. They Have Thirst and Taste for Art, and Small Apartments. The people who want PIC TURES the largest class of peo ple who WANT them, are the peo ple of moderate means who have not so much money that they have lost their thirsts and their tastes. Too mueh money swamps these faculties. But to really get fun out of life you have to have thirst and taste and to really want pic tures, you have to have thirst and taste for them. If you have an at tractive small house or apartment, and you belong to the kind of peo ple I am thinking of you would give almost anything to be able to have certain kinds of pictures on your walls. You would really LOVE them and enjoy them. You would have a thrill of delight each time your eyes fell on the pictures wouldn't you? Well, you see, you are the people the artists are painting for! To sell pictures to rich patrons and have them disappear Isn't very gratifying. But you can t afford to buy these pictures, can you? So where are the most of the artist's pictures! I'll tell you! MOST of them are either in the rich man's attic or the artist's attic! For the artist to go en painting pictures for attics is like talking down a telephone with no one at the other end. How to get the pictures to you who want them and can't afford them? There's only one way, un less the artist paints for nothing. And, after all, he has to live. No Artist Wants to Paint Pictures for His Own or Anybody's Attic. Well, let him sell some," to go to the rich man's attic, and let him CIRCULATE the rest, just as books circulate in libraries. Let some one be a new kind of art dealer and go between the artist and the public and RENT pic tures for 'small sums for any length of time desired over she months, or even less. They could ask small percentage of the price of the picture. In this way anyone could have pictures who wants them, and by the best American artists, for this would please all the painters as well as yourself. They WANT their pictures to circulate. They don't want them STACKED UP! They want them to be SEEN. That's what they are painted for. This plan has been broached to several well-known American art ists, and they are very enthusiastic over the idea. Noted American Artists Favor This Plan of Renting. Arthur B. Davies is very keen over it He says: "This idea will create a new kind of picture I" Perhaps he means a picture MADE with the knowledge that some one will get It who will LOVE it! How novel! Wouldn't YOU like to have a picture or two by some of the best known and best liked painters of America? We know that the artists like this idea. Now we want your opinion on it. Write and tell u, and if you like it, it will be done. (Mabel Dodge offers an inter esting suggestion. She forgets, in our opinion, however, that those that want pictures, also want to OWN them. Here and there you find a detached soul perfectly will ing to look at a picture without owning it. But such a superior one would also not DUST the pic ture or take other care of it. Stronger than love of art or any thing else, so far is love of OWN ERSHIP. The jackdaw stealing a peacock feather, the savage sticking a sea shell In his nose, the young gentleman asking, "Will you be mine forever," the peasant cultivating on the edge of a vol cano the piece of ground that he OWNS, should teach our brilliant young contributor, Mabel Dodge, that in all philosophical writing the passion for ownership should be considered. Her suggestion, none the less, is interesting, and we have no doubt Cat many interesting replies will be sent to her In care of The Washington Times. Perhaps a circulating art gal lery would be a greater success if It were understood that those tak ing the picture on a lease, might, if they chose, save up and buy it. A circulating picture gallery is undoubtedly a new and Interest ing idea. Editor The Times.) The Mysteries of Hypnotism and Transferenceof Thought Tfje Former, Says Garrett P. Serviss, Noted Scientific Writer, Is a Real Phenomenon That Has Possibilities of Important Service to Mankind, But It Must Be Handled Cautiously. Telepathy, in the Shadow Land of Science, Still Has to Prove Its Case, Although Investigators Report Apparently Well Authenticated Manifestations of Its Existence. By Garrett Ii It a fact that one perion can hypnotise another person, or Is It Jut mere talk? Does science ap prove of mental telepathy" O. A. A.. Streator, III HYPNOTISM Is an estab lished fact, but the ex planation of it is still more or less obscure. It is recognized by high authorities as a valuable method of treatment in disorders that are subject to mental influ ence, but great caution and expert knowledge are required in order to render its employment safe. No person should ever submit to hypnotic influence except under the advice of a regular physician of the highest standing, and at the hands of a practitioner concerning whose motives and capability there can bo no question. Amateur ex perimentation with this strange power is perilous and should al ways be avoided. There Is undoubtedly c great amount of quackery abroad in con nection with hypnotism, and while I believe that it is capable of ren dering immense service to man kind, yet it is still but partially developed as a subject of scien tific study, and the number of those who can be trusted to apply it, as well as the number of ac credited physicians who would even undertake to apply it, is small. But this Is not to say that its methods when fully developed and understood may not become a very important branch of medical practice. It has been proved that the hyp notic State can be indueed in the majority of persons who willingly submit to it, but it is doubtful whether any person can be hypno tized against his vill. A state of complete confidence between the operator and the patient must be established as a preliminary. That being done, It Is said that hardlv 10 per cent of those experimented upon prove refractory to hypnotic influence. Its Value Already Proved As Mental Remedy and Prophylactic. The valuable feature of hypno tism is found in the suggestions tending toward healthy conditions which can be imparted to the hyp--notlzed subject without his being conscious of their origin after awakening from the trance. It is somewhat as If, by the temporary arrest of his external conscious ness, his body were transformed into a mere machine, whose bent cogs and pinions can then be re dressed and oiled without his knowledge, so that after he has come to himself again and resumed his normal life he finds the mech anism working better. All that the operator has really done is to correct abnormal habits by suggestions conveyed to the nervous system of l" patient P. S-e x v i s s when the latter is in a state of recepUveness freed from the dis tractions of waking life. Mani festly, only diseases that are asso ciated In some decided way with nervous action can come under the control of hypnotic suggestion, but such diseases are very numer ous and of vast importance to human comfort and happiness. Pains, especially rheumatic and neuralgic pains, have been relieved in this way, and it has been claimed that such habits as drunk enness have been cr-ed by hyp noUc suggestion. Morbid, nerv ous and bodily tendencies, like in somnia, hysteria and constipation, also appear to be amenable to this treatment. It might at first slgU be sup posed that serious mental dis orders would yield to hypnotic treatment, but It has been found that they do not, the apparent reason being that, since it Is through the brain that the hyp notic influence works, it is essen tial that that organ should be in sound condition. To vield to hyp notic treatment is not an indica tion of mental weakness. Hypnosis Allied to Sleep, Although Condition Is Not Identical Many theories have been pro posed to explain hypnotism. In a general way hypnosis resembles sleep, and the two states are re garded as being allied though not identical. One explanation of hyp nosis is that under its influence a state of relative dissociation oc curs among the brain cells, so that the operator can accentuate the activity of certain impressions without interference through other nervous links. This would account for such a phenomenon as the anesthesia of one evj of the sub ject while the other remains un affected. Thus if the operator tells the subject that he cannot see with his right eye, but only with his left one though both eyes be nor mal and wide open, it will be found that the ritht eye really does lose its power of seeing as completely as if it were actually blind, until the operator, by a command, removes the disability. Telepathy, which has been de fined as "the conveyance of thoughts and feelings from mind to mind by other than the ordinary channelb of sense," is a phenome non not well established, like hyp notism, by experimental evidence. It has been associated with hyp notism by attempts to Induce the hypnotic state in subjects at a dis tance from the operator. Dr. Pierre Janet, in Franco, claimed to have succeeded in nineteen out of twenty-five attempts of this kind, while Prof. Richet reported that in nine attempts he had succeed ed twice completely and four times partially. I think that telepathy has not yet got upon its scientific legs. MORE CARTOONS AND SPECIAL ARTICLES IN THE SUNDAY TIMES ' By DAVID LAWRENCE. If any group of American citizens have anything to say about the" Government of the United States or its policies, let them say it If other people disagree, let them say it, too, if they have to hire a hall or make a counter demonstration to do so. That's what freedom of soeech means. That's what the Con stitution aims to safeguard. The "People's Council of America," an organiza tion with whose purposes a vast number of Ameri cans disagree absolutely, proposes to hold a meeting in Wash ington. They have been barred from Minnesota by the gov ernor's proclamation, were told they were unwelcome in Fargo, N. D., and were rudely ejected from Hudson, Wis. They want to come to Washington where the Federal authority to protect the right of free speech is to be tested. By so doing, however, they impose a responsibility not merely on the authorities but on the people of Washington. Tolerance and self-restraint are the virtues of a democracy; The people of this city have an opportunity to demonstrate the absurdity of the theory that America is being Prussianized. Listen to what the People's Council has to say and tell them whether you agree or disagree. The men and women who compose it, who believe in economic freedom after the war, or a statement of American peace terms in explicit language, or the repeal of the conscription law, or an early ending of the war itself are conscientious in their beliefs. Cries of "German money" have gone up, but no one has ever proved a connection, real or apparent, between this organization and any German funds or influence. If this had been true, the conspirators long ago would Jiave been put in jail where they would have belonged instead of being permitted to roam at large in public meetings. But merely to cry pro-German is not to prove it. Most of us, indeed, believe that the Government can be expected to work for economic freedom after the war because the American people will demand it in due time; most of us think the repeal of the conscription law would be fatal and that a premature peace would only mean another war as soon as the belligerents could recuperate sufficiently to resume hos tilities. But none of us ought to be so bigoted as to shut the door to those who disagree with us, unless of course, we are not interested in any discussion, in which case we need not worry about the meetings at all. For it really doesn't matter what views the pacifists are expressing. They have a right to hire a hall and air their views. And people who do not want to hear them need ndt waste time doing so. They can employ themselves better per haps in visiting the training camps of troops nearby, where the men, ready to sacrifice their lives for the nation, will ap preciate the stimulus of a visit. The point is that free speech should mean free speech, especially in the National Capital. There should be no cheap heroism, such as broke up Baltimore's, meeting a few months ago. And above all, soldiers and sailors should not sully the uniform by mob tactics. What would the people of Berlin say if they read that a public meeting had been suppressed or broken up by violence in the Capital of the United States? What would the Russians think? T . Clearly, the duty of Washlngtonlans Is to let the "People's Council" say what it pleases, provided the speakers keep within the law. And the question of whether they keep within the law is one for the officials of the District government to de termine and not the mob. In a war being fought for democracy, let no one permit so worthy a cause to be tainted with hypocrisy. And most of all should the residents of Washing ton take to heart the fact that they may want some day to ex press rather freely their own opinions about the Federal Gov ernment in matters of "far nearer and more delicate concern" to them in the District of Columbia. Free speech is a precious right, one that is too sacred to be left to the whims of a petulant mob or the intolerance of a few notoriety-seeking individuals. Washington will know how to treat its visitors courteously. Habit Is the Most Powerful of Giants (Continued From First Column.) He can learn, for instance, that the habit of SELF-APPROVAL, following success, is one of the- most dangerous of all This country is flooded with men of great reputation now doing NOTHING. They are so pleased with themselves, their past performances, and their own greatness, that thev no longer criticise themselves, question themselves, or demand Better worlc of their brains. The truth of this cartoon is illustrated in some of the greatest lives. A hundred good habits rolled into one power ful giant made Napoleon conqueror of Europe. In his youth he had the habit of concentrated solitary thought. He stood aside in a corner at the military school, brooding, thinking. He had always the habit of self -analysis and self-criticism. He had especially the habit of direct thought. He took noth ing for granted. They praised him for crossing the Alps in winter, "nonsense said he, "l deserve no credit except for not believing the fools who said it could NOT be done." That is why Napoleon beat the Austrian generals so easily. He wasted no time and allowed nobody to waste his time. When they woke him at 3 in the morning to tell him of victory, he said: "Never wake ME to tell me about victory. Anybody can attend to that. Wake me only when there is defeat. That requires MY attention." He acquired the habit of always seeing clearly the thing before him. As he stood on the hill watching the enemy fleeing across the ice, he turned to the gunners with this word, "Shoot at the ice." Immediately the big cannon ball. broke through the ice, and the Seeing soldiers leu through, and were drowned or captured. But, one bad habit was enough to destroy the giant k a- , poleon. HE ATE TOO FAST. He thought it foolish to spend more than ten minutes at a meal. What destroyed this military giant destroyed also the railroad giant of this country, E. H. Harnman. Fast eating ruined Napoleon's stomach, and a disor ganized stomach conquered his nervous system. When he reached Russia he had no energy, and wasted days and weeks in a half doze. The Russians crot him. If he had had the brains and the STOMAOH of Napoleon of twenty five, there would have been no retreat from Moscow and no glorious Waterloo for Great Britain. Young men, take giant Habit for your servant, put the r load on his back. He will carry it. r If you don't, he will lead you by the nose, and you will carry the load. No man escapes giant Habit. You must be his slave or his master.