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THE WASHINGTON TIMES; SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 22,' 1917.
"My Four Years In Germany" By Ambassador James Watson Gerard c COL. HOUSE GOT BERLIN THREAT TO I.S. Informed of Readiness of Em pire to Fight America Ge rard Tells of U-Boat Atroci ties Leading to Break. Ambassador Gerard, who, during the four year preceding the declaration of tear, um in Berlin and in constant touch with German affairs, has tcritten a vivid story of his experiences. This story The Washington Times will pub lish In daily installments, of which the following is the seienth. So document of diplomacy teas ever more vital or more interesting. By JAMES W. GERARD. (American Ambassador to Germany. July 2S 11I, to February 4. 1917.) (Copyright, United States, Canada, and In ternational. 1117, by the Public Ledger Co ) I do not intend to go in great de tail into the exchange of notes and the public history of the submarine crntroversy, as all that p.-,oerly be longs to the history of the war rather than to nn account of n:y pcr tm si experiences, and lsides, lis V'dor Hugo raid, "History is not witten -with a rnicrotcope." AH will iwember the answer of Germany to tht American Lus'tania note, which anrwer, delivered on May 23, con tained the charge that the Lusr-tnia War armed ail carried n.t.niiiuns and had ben used in the transport of Canadian tror.pi In the mean time, however, the American snip Nebraskan had been torpedoed off the coast of Ireland on the twenty sixth and on May 28 Germany stated that the American steamer Culflfoht had been torpedoed by mistake and apologized for this act. Note From Ton JagoTr. Von Jagow gave me. about the aame time, a note requesting that American vessels should be more plainly mark ed and should Illuminate their mark Ins at night. The second American Lusltanla note was published on July 11, 1915, and Its delivery was coincident with the resignation of Mr. Bryan as Secretary of State. In this last note President Wilson (for, of course. It Is an open secret that he was the author of these notes) made the Issue perfectly plain, referring to the torpedoing of enemy passenger ships: "Only her actual resistance to cap ture or refusal to stop when ordered to do so for the purpose of visit could have afforded the commander of the submarine any justification for put ting the lives of those on board the ship In Jeopardy." The German answer to this Ameri can Lusltanla note was delivered on July 8 and again stated that "We hae been obliged to adopt a submarine war to meet the declared intentions or our enemies and the method of war fare adopted by them In contravention of International law. Lives Asalnst Monitions. Again referring to the alleged fact of the L.usltanlas carrying munitions, the German answer said "That If th Lusltanla had been spared, thousands of cases of munitions would have been sent to Germany's enemies and thereby thousands of German mothers and children robbed of breadwinners " The note contained, also, some of Zlramerroanns favorite proposals to the effect that German submarine commanders would be Instructed to permit the passage of American steamers marked in a special way. and whose sailing had been notified In advance, provided that the American Government guaranteed that these vessels did not carry contraband of Guticura Makes the HandsSoftandMe And keeps them free from redness, roughness and chapping-. Bathe them each night in a strong- hot lather of CuticuraSoap. Dry andrubinCuticura Ointment and wear old gloves during the night, or wipe off surplus Ointment with soft tissue paper. Ideal for all toilet uses. For sample each free br mail address post-card: "Cutieura, Dept. 3G, Boston." Sold everywhere. Soap 25c. Ointment 25 and 50c WAR ON I Wfer Germany U I ssi ssmrsa " i ' rsTtsswonii Cabinet Members Will Train Again Under Walter Camp President Wilson's official fam ily, tanned, thinned, and tough ened by an Intensive course In physical training under Walter Camp. Is slated for a second treatment Undaunted by back -breaking1, leg-nearying dips and bends and sprawls, the department heads are yearning for more. The new "setting-up stunts' will be held, as before, on some Cabinet mem ber's lawn an hour before break fast The scope of the training is to be widened to Include subordi nate official?, according to plans now being formulated. A comprehensive system of "ex ercise clubs for all Federal em ployes here is contemplated. The Cabinet officers want to set an example for their entire working forces. war. It was also suggested that a number of neutral vessels should be added to those sailing under the American flag to give greater oppor tunity for those Americans who were compelled to travel abroad The notes most important part continued: In particular, the imperial government is unable to admit that the American citizens can protect an enemy ship by mere fact of their presence on board. TJ-EMit Proposals Rejected. July 21 the American Government rejected the proposals of Germany, saying "That the lives of noncom batanta may in no case be put In Jeopardy unless the vessel resists or seeks to escape after being sum moned to submit to examination." It disposed of the claim that the acts of England gave Germany the right to retaliate even though American citizens should be deprived of their lives in the course of retaliation bjr stating "For a belligerent act of re taliation is per se an act beond the law, and the defens. of an act of re tallatlon Is an admission that It is il legal." Continuing It said -If a bel ligerent cannot retalliate against an enemy without injuring the lies of neutrals, as well as their property, humanity as well as Justice and a due regard tof dignity of neutral powers should dictate that the prac tice be discontinued It was also said -That the United atates cannot believe that the Im perial government w,,I longer re frain from disavowing the wanton act of Its naval commander In sink ing the Lusltanla or from offering reparation for th American lives lost, so far a. reparation can be made for the neealess destruction of human life by mi illegal act " And the meat of the note was contained in the follcving sentence "Friend ship itself prompts It (the United States) to sy to the imperial govern ment that repetition by the com mandera of German naal vessels of acts In contravention of these rights must be regarded by the Government of the United States, when they af fect American citizens, as being de liberately unfriendly." There the matter has remained so far as the I.usltanla was concerned until now In the meantime the at tack on the American ship Nebraskan was disavowed, the German note stating that "the torpedo was not meant for the American flac, and is to be considered an unfortunate ao ciaent. The diplomatic situation with re gard to the use of the submarine and the attack on many merchant hint- without notice and without putting the passengers In safety was still unsettled when on August 19, 1813, the I3ril-h ship Arabic was torpedoed wiinout warning not far from the place where the Lusltanla had gone down. Two Americans were among the passengers killed The German go eminent, after the usual quibbling, at length In It note of September 7 asserted that the csp taln of the German submarine, while engaged in preparing to sink the Dunsley, became cominced lhat the approaching Arabic was trying to ram him and, therefore, flred his tor pedo. The imperial government re fused to admit any liability, but of fered to arbitrate. Ancona Case Followed. There followed almost Immediately the case of the Ancona, sunk by a submarine flying the Austrian flag. This case was naturally out of my Jurisdiction, but formed a link In the chain, and then came the slnkinc of the Persia In the Mediterranean On this bott our consul to Aden lost his lire In the note of Count von Bernstorff 1 The World. Smallest Newspaper cH u,, ,p x smX 1 V, t - J APPR0W?"5i HAR I 91 -the u"- .iTii rHER,-IE it4 JEg Tnra M's!!i'i0Lii-.n'''?" sjir-ar pi rxeecb e rrw to Secretary Lansing, dated Septem ber 1, 1913, Count von Bernstorff said that liners would not be sunk by Ger man submarines without warning and without putting the passengers In safety, provided the l'ners did not try to escape cr offer resistance, and It was further stated that this policy was In effect before the sinking of the Arabic There were long negotiations dur ing this period concerning the Arabic At one time It looked as if diplomatic relations would be broken, but Anally the Imperial government conrented to acknowledge that the submarine commander had been wrong In assum Ing that the Arabic Intended to ram his boat, offered to pay an Indemnity, and disavowed the act of the com mander. It was stated that orders so precise had been given to the sub marine commanders that a "recur rence of incidents similar to the Arabic Is considered out of the ques tion." In the same way the Austrian gov ernment gae way to the demands of America In the Ancona case at the end of December, 1015. Ambassador Pen field. In Austria, won great praise by hls admirable handling of this case. Offered to Pay. The negotiations as to the still pending Lusltanla case were carried on in Washington by Count von Bernstorff and Secretary Lansing, and flatly Germany offered to pay an In demnity for the death of the Ameri cana on the Lusltanla whose deaths Germany "greatly regretted," but re fused to disavow the act of the sub marine commander In sinking the Lusltanla or to admit that such act was Illegal. About this time our State Depart ment sent out a note proposing In effect that submarines should con form to "cruiser" warfsre. only sink ing a vessel which defended Itself or tried to escape, that before sinking a vessel Its passengers and crew should be placed In safety and that, on the other hand, merchant vessels of bellig erent nationality should be prohibited from carrying any armaments what ever. This suggestion was not fol lowed up. ZImmermann (not the one In the foreign office) wrote an article In the Lokal Anzelger, of which he Is an editor, saying the United States had something on Its side In the ques tion of the export of munitions. I heard that Von Kessel, commander of the Mark of Brandenberg, said he (ZImmermann) ought to be shot as a traitor. ZImmermann, hearing of this, made Von Kessel apologize, but he was shortly afterward mobilized. Colonel House had arrived In Ger man) at the end of January, 1910, and remained only three days He was quite worried by the situation and by at interview ne nad with Zimmerman in which Zimmerman expressed the readiness of Germsny to go to war with the United States. I. of course, arranged that Colonel House should have an Interview with the chancellor at this time, and after dinner one night he had a long talk with the chancellor. In which the dan cers of the situation were pointed out. In February, 1910. the Junkers In the I'russisns lower house stsrted fight against the chancellor and dis cussed aumbarlne war, a matter out of their province The chancellor hit back at them rather hard and had the better of the exchange. At this period It was reported that the Emperor went to Wllhemshafen to warn the submarine commanders to be careful. U.S. BUYS LAND FOR EXTENSION OF PARK John W. Thompson & Co, Inc di rector of sales In Massachusetts ave nue park, has this week sold to the Government the piece of property on the south side of Massachusetts ave nue at the Intersection of W street, formerly In the old Lovers' Lane, for part of the new Rock Creek Park extension. The property contains over 143,230 square feet, and was acquired b th Government at approximately $43,000 It was the early foresight on the part of the new syndicate owners of Massachusetts Avenue Park, through the Thompson Company, that by their acquisition of the property last May stopped at once the dumping of ashes In this section, which is to be beauti fied by a continuation of Potomac Park and Rock Creek Park drive ways and the erecting of the hand some homes in this section. The John R. Williams house at the inter section of Massachusetts avenue and Rock Creek drive Is fast nearlng completion, as Is the home of W W. Wetmore at the Intersection of Rock Crook and Woodland drives. Clark Waggaman Is building for his own home a handsome house facing Wood land drive near Twenty-nfnth street. The added activity in this forest crowned subdivision is fast proving tu the wealthy residential home seekers of the city the many ad vantages not found in other parts of the National Capital. ex victory, l 1 s --t7 'reAtlY -THINK . I a ii Hi m u awia- ------ a. a -a jrikt'iunj rssi LAFOLLLTTEIVIAY ST. ST. PAUL, Minn., Sept. 22.The ar rest of Senator La Follette Is threat ened by Governor Burnqulst. The threat was In a statement a to the Senator's allegedly seditious remarks at the final session of the Non-Partisan League high-coat of living con ference. An investigation of La Fol 1ettes statements Is to be made Among the Senator's remsrks were statements that he was opposed to war, that he thought Germany had been rather rough with the "technl- cal" rights of American citizens, but that he did not think the exercise of these technical rights in traveling on belligerent merchantmen laden with munitions was worth going to war about. You're Yellows The delegates to the conference. mainly farmers, frequently interrupt- eu m iK "u . iu. i a m, i," ... tun bu..uB, .iv"--., who did not approve all the sen tl-, ments expressed by the spesker. When the Senator, in making his dec laration that the United State should never have entered the war, sought to defend the sinking of the Lusl tanla. there came cries of "You're ellow." Instantly there was confusion, but above the uproar the Senator shouted: "Aay man who says that an audi ence like this Is yellow himself. I'll take care cf any roan who interrupts me if you will give me a chance." "What about the Lusltanla?" some body shouted, and Governor Frazler of North Dakota, the chairman, had much difficulty In quelling the dls order that ensued. Blames Monition Makers. "A passenger on a foreign ship csrrylng munitions is techn cally In foreign territory," said Senator La Follette. when he could make himself heard. "The citizen who inters such a ship takes his life in his own hands. I believe that the American munition makers encouraged Ameri cans to ride on such ships to give them semblance of protection. "I was not in favor of beginning this war. We had no grievance. The German government had interfered with our rights to travel on the high seas as passengers on munition ships of Great Britain. On thes. griev ances which were insignificant, con sidering the rights and consequences involved, we went to war. We are now in war, and we have got to finance It." The Senator criticised the tax bill recently passed bv Congress. U. S. TO ISSUE $4.10 SAYING CERTIFICATES Savings certificates, to be sold by the Government for $410 each, and to be redeemed In Ave years at $5 each. are to be Issued by the Treasury De partment for the benefit of those who wlih to help the Government and themse!e. but ho are unable to In. est In Liberty bonds. Announcement of the certificates has been made by Secretary McAdoo. Their Issuance, It Is expected, will per mit every man, woman, and child to participate In the financing of the war. In addition the certificates will promote and encourage thrift among th people Many bankers and financiers beliee that the Issuance of such certificates will be an epochal eent In American economic life. UNDERTAKERS" J. WILLIAM LEE, UNDERTAKER AMD I.IVERT. IK Pa Ae N W. Trl"n M 1M WASIIINOTONJ) C FLORAL DESIGNS FUNERAL DESIGNS Of every description Moderat. prices OUDE r BT N w CEMETERIES BEAUTIFUL CEDAR HILL Washington's Permanent Cemetery. Office. SSI esterase Butlalmc PAUL SPEECH it always SMOKE FUND GETS BOOST OF $75.25 FROM MITE BOXES Twenty-seven smoke fund collection boxes which The Washington Times had installed in Theaters, hotels, and new and cigar stands poured their contents into the fund today. The boxes were selected at random twenty-seven, count 'em from widely' separated parts of the business section of Washington. Their contents ranged all the way from 1 cent to $12.17, and the driblets of coin which flowed into them represented the little sacrifices that Wash ington citizens have assumed to provide comfort for the boys "over there." Strand Box Tops List. The box placed In the foyer or Moore's Strand Theater netted the largest collection, that of $12,1T, Another collection b x. also In an .amusement house conducted by Tom Moore the Garden brought la $10.19. The box in the buffet of the Riggs building contained 111.10 when the cashier of The Washington Times To bacco Fund opened It today. Two score boxes are still in the leading stores, theaters, cigar and -. stanu. ana no.e.s ey ro a.- hotj.1. theater, or buslnoss house man- a3fwfa wam acvuiv u, " VA.Ma uu Toe Time . Proves Popularity. The generous way in which patrons of theaters, hotels, and the stores and stands In which the boxes were placed, gave to the cause establishes conclusively that the idea of furnish ing soldiers with tobacco is a good and substantial one. That it has met with solid favor from the great mass of District citizens goes without say ing. Here Is the order in which the boxes were opened this morrtlng: Raleigh Hotel desk 13.21 Loew's Columbia Theater . . . 3.33 Moore's Strand Theater 12.17 Casino Theater 8.T2 Vital Records. Births. Clarence H. and GeorgUnna I, WeUfmrb-tr. slrl Georse B and Ellen S Wooldrtdre, girl. Edward R Jr , and Jennie Walton, girl. Walter L. and Anns Smith boy Carence A and Anna I. Onyun. boy. Robert K. and Gertrude H Mann. boy. Thomas J and Mary I. McDonough. boy. Baric r A and Cecelia Mathews, boy James W and Frances I Miller, boy Charles G and Margaret Morgan, boy, Abe and Sarah Glyckman. girl. James A. and Fronle A Deshazer, boy. Leon N and Jennie Adler, boy. Georg-e and Joy Babbit?, girl Louis and Maude Bramam. girl Cecil B and Loulre C Alley, boy Louis and Jessie Rhediirks girl William L snd Helen llo'mei. girl Ernest and Nannie Blalcey, girt Marrlace Licenses Norman C Hill :i. of Indian Head Md and Ruth L. Carlisle. r, or Los Angeles, Cal The Rev 8 T Nichols Paul A. Clements. SI, and lola K Harper, 19 both of Washington The Rev. P J O'Connell. Donald Kent Mason, 22, U S A., and Bertha Cecelia NIepoId. 19, of Washington. The Rt. John T. Huddle. William J Garrett. 40, and Evelyn Brownell. 25, both of Norfolk. The Rev. John 21 Jeffries. Clarence H Relxensteln, 46. of Pittsburgh, Pa . and Ida E. Horner, 41, of Washington. Rjtbbl Lewis Htern. Daniel Henry Stely. 28, of Washington, and Lillian Francis Soper, 2S, of Brookland. D C The Rv Joteph Fletcher. Thomas Miller. Jr . 27, and Francis I Mc- Lane, 21, both of Washington The Rev tnwira j. aweeney. DeXha. Augustus L. Roberts, 75 yrs , Sibley tloa Oilier D t an Valen. t yrs , U S. Soldiers' Home Hoa Patrick Joyce. 70 yrs , U S Soldiers Home Hoe Alice L. U. Heasler. 37 yrs.. 217 Morgan st nw Anna Deemond. K yrs . 2403 llth st nw William t. Ilarnes, 3S yrs.. St Elizabeth's Hos James M Tlnkrr. 57 yrs , St Elizabeth's Hos Rosa Mulr i yrs.. Georgetown Unlv Hos Sarah U. Jenkins, CI yrs. fct Elizabeth's Hoa. Cornelia Carroll, 71 yrs . 2S04 nth at- nw Virginia It. Armstrong. S- mos , Georgetown Unlv Hoa Emma Randall, a yrs . CIS Cherry Hill nw. Rosa R llarrlton. 1 yr.. 3H2 L st nw Rachel Dodaon. O yra . 1115 Delaware ave. sw. Mary M filbaon zs yra . 310 xrd at nw. Elizabeth Grar. K ra . IKS lh at nw. Anderson L. Norrts, 9 yrs . 105 Knox ave Garfield D C DEATHS CARROLI On Thuralay. September 20, U17. at a. m. CORXELJA. beloved wlfa of William Carroll Funeral aenlces at the home of her son James K . &T-0I Fourteenth atreet northwest Notice of funeral later JENKINS Entered Into reat. on September :i law. nAiiAit r.. jrttviis Funeral from the residence of her slater. Mra J J Davis. 121 n atrret northeaat. on Monday mornlnr. September 21, at 10 a m Interment In Baltimore 1 VOtr GI.UEMHR-On Friday. September 21 I,w. at tne oy apnrtment JOSEPH VON GWEJIFR. father of Rudolph ion Gluemer and Mrs John K llege Funeral arrvlce from J William !. Sons' chapel. Monday, September 21, at 10 30 a m Kas Rusgi&tp fall back on. .Moore's Garden Theater 10.19 ziun-et in Riggs building- 11.10 Kafka's Shop for Young Folks. 3Jt Gayety Theater 32 Riggs Bank 20 Leader Theater .01 Old Soldiers' Home 4T Riggs Bank, second box .98 Empress Theater 42 Plaza Theater 03 National Hotel .23 Metropolitan Hotel .33 Continental Hotel 2.33 Harrl. Hotel .. 1.20 1.85 .75 New Ebbltt Hotel, clerk's office Capitol Parle Hotel Ebbltt Hotel news stand Press Clnb Affleck's drug store Federal National Bank R. P. Andrews Paper Co Virginia Theater Cosmos Theater 2JS1 1.63 1.74 .60 1.75 .47 .50 Total 75.23 This total, added to the amount previously acknowledged, brings the total amount thus far subscribed to the Washington Times tobacco fund to J2.082.77. SEIZE SWEDISH MAIL. AN ATLANTIC PORT, s.nf A. .Norwegian steamer arriving here today reported that Swedish diplo matic mall, which it was bringing to this country, was taken from this vessel by Canadian authorities at a Canadian port. i "?aTaraiaTaiaia-B:'aIrrsI MILITARY ROADS Resolution adopted oy the Chamber of Commerce of the United States in convention at Atlantic City September 21, 1917. WHEREAS, it is essential that all transportation facilities of the nation should be brought to the highest state of efficiency in order i that foodstuff may be moved most economically from the farm to the market; that manufactured product be moved at the lowest cost g from the factory to WHEREAS, the public highways offer a good ! ical means to supplement transportation by rail and water, there fore i BE IT RESOLVED, that the prompt improvement of our public highways is important and should be forwarded in every proper way. I Realizing the transportation congestion crisis, this was one of the most important ' resolutions passed by the Chamber of Commerce of the .United States j Motor Trucks are ready at hand; the roads of the nation must be immediately de- i veloped and improved. A Federal Highway Board This resolution deserves wide publicity and to help we out the country in place of S INTERS' CALLED TO CONFERENCE ON FOOD PRICES as a result or the big succ.ss achieved by the Wilson Normal School Community Center In Its campaign for community-buying the Center will hold a food conference In the school building. Eleventh and Harvard streets northwest, at 8 o'clock, Mon day night. The purpose of the meeting Is to advocate the establishment In Wash ington of a community market slml 1st to the one now In operation under the municipal authorities in Balti more. Mrs. Ida E. Kebler, secretary of the Center, who la the second paid public official to have been elected to. office since 1870 baa made the ar rangements for the conference and urges the attendance of everyone In terested In the reduction of the cost of Uvlnr. The meeting will be called to order by Edgar, C. Snyder the president of the Center. Commissioner Brownlow will "Introduce, Senator William H. King of Utah, who will speak on "A Municipal Market for Washington." James Thllst, city comptroller of the Community Market In Baltimore, and Mrs. Frances Goodwin, manager of the Baltimore Market, will be present and make addresses. Officers of all the citizens' associa tions of the District are to attend the conference which Is expected to be the largest of Its nature ever held In this city. The Wilson Normal School Com munity Center Is an association form ed to combat the high price of food In Washington. It has proved the feasibility of co operative buylnr among Its members, and Is now seeking to give the Capi tal the advantages of community buy ing. The Center has no dues and rrembershlp from any put of the city Is Invited. the consumer, and is urgently needed. our scheduled advertisement. The Autocar Company, Ardmore, Pcnna. URGES SENATE TO PROTECT PROPERTY OF ENUSTED MEN I Secretary of War Baker today (urged protection of the property rights of American soldiers while they jars abroad fighting the nation's bat tles. He urged a Senate subcommittee to report favorably on the soldiers and sailors civil rights bill. Baker met unexpectedly stiff oppo sltoln from Senator need of Missouri, who said the bill as drawn wilt de stroy the credit of soldiers and sailors Instead or protecting It. The bill provides that creditor of soldiers and sailors cannot begin or press court proceedings for collection, of accounts until ninety days after the enlisted man's return from foreign service. Reed rights DHL This means that a soldier or sail or seeking credit now won't be able to get It," said Heed, "because the merchant will know he can't get his money -until, the war Is over." "Passage of this bill Is Important to. the morale of our forces," said Baker. "The Government Is asking the soldier and sailor to -go abroad, separating himself entirely from his business and other associations. It Is eminently proper that his peac of mind be guarded by provisions) which will enable him to concentrate! on the task before him without hav ing to worry about suits and proceed ings which might take away all h, has and leave his family destitute. "It is only right that the nation should extend to the men who will fight Its battles the simple protec tion of a stay of all legal processes) against them until they can return. .Will Net Iaterfere. Senator Fletcher thought the bill would Invade State rights, but this. Baker assured him, would not be to, case. Baker based his statement on the word of legal experts who helped draw the measure. Senator Overman said any court that permitted Injustice to an absent soldier ought to be hung. "Well, this bill proposes to put Judges In Jail If they simply carry out the plain precepts of the law In rela tion to contracts," said Reed. "Will you say, Mr. Secretary, that we can pass a law that will Imprison Judges for doing thatr Baker said be didn't believe the law would have any such effect. CAMP COOK ARRESTED, HAD BOTTLE OF POISON MANHATTAN. Ku- Sept. 22s On an order Issued by the Government Secret Service. Lars Larsen. a civilian cook, employed In the officers' mesa at Camp Funston. was arrested. H, Is suspected of being a German agent. Larsen Is twenty-seven years old and a native of Copenhagen. He la confined In the guardhouse awaiting: Investigation. When officers search ed his effects they say they found In his possession a bottle of poison In sufficient quantity to kill every man In the camp. Blue prints of buildings and grounds, presumably those at Camp Funston. were also- found In his possession. The blue prints were cut In small pieces and neatly packed In small tin boxes. A great number of letters forward ed to Larsen srom many points In the United States and Mexico were found In his trunk. Officers who examined the letters, which were postmarked Copenhagen, would sot divulge their contents. a i i prompt and econom- 1 are publishing it through- Hypn r rMTmrnMrrniMa-MTeWiiMi. - fajaV.'saWsTarsi iMmnrcixamimiHHXiETCsi