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THE WASHINGTON TIMES.1 WEDNESDAY,' SEPTEMBER 26, 1917. .3 "My Four Years in Germany" By Ambassador James Watson Gerard -.- - wv.viiysmi NO LONGER ANY WORLD LAW, KAISER 1DGERD Ambattador Gerard, who, during the four yearn preceding the declaration of tear, wot in Berlin and In conttant touch with German affair; hat written a virid story of his experiences. Thit ttory The Washington Timet will put WA in daily inttallmentt, of which the following it the eleventh. ,Ko document of diplomacy wot ever more vital or mors interesting. By JAMES W. GERABD. (American Ambassador to Germany, July J1, mi to rabroary t. 1117.) (CopTrtcht, United CtaUs, Canada, and In ternational, HIT. by the Public Ledser Co.) Chancellor Von Bethmann-Hollweg while at Charleville always desired to make any settlement of the sub marine question contingent upon our doing something against England, but I again and again Insisted that we could not agree to do anything against some other power as a con dition of obtaining a recognition of our rights from the German empire. During my stay at the general headquarters,- General Falkenhaya, although he was there at the time, carefully avoided me, which I took to be a sign that he was in favor of war with America. In fact, I heard afterward that he had Insisted on giving his views on the subject, but that a very high authority had told him to confine himself to military op erations. After we had been a day or so at Charlevllle, the vice chancellor, Helfferich, arrived. I have always .believed that he was sent for to add his weight to the arguments In favor TKe p&bfl5t cfrnt corrvQel:AitK tKe PffojUgd, fist . I The World' Smallest Newspaper I II ) -Z"7 " IB toUL&NH RA CH$t",rfl0'- I of peace and to point out that It was necessary for Germany to have the friendship of America after the war to have markets where she could place her goods. And I am con vinced that at this time, at any rate, the Influence of Helfferich was cast In the scale In favor of peace. Lunched With Emperor. Finally, I was told that on the next day, which was Monday, May 1, I vu to lunch with the Emperor. Grew was Invited to accompany me and the chancellor said that he would call for me about an hour be fore the time et for lunch, as Ui Emperor desired to have a talk with me. In the afternoon an extract from the log- of a German submarine commander was sent to me. In which the submarine commander had stated that he had sighted a vessel which he could easily have torpedoed, hut as the vessel was 123 miles from land he had not done so because the crew might not be able from that distance to reach a harbor. When the rhaacellor called for me the fol lowing; morning, he asked me if I had read this extract from the sub marine officer's log, and noted how he had refrained from torpedoing a boat 125 miles from land. I told the chancellor that I had read the extract, but that I had also read In the newspaper that very morning that a ship had been torpedoed In stormy weather at exactly the same distance from land and the crew, compelled to seek safety In the ship's boats, that anyway "one swal low did not make a summer," and that reports were continually being; received of boats being torpedoed at great distance from land. We then got In the motor and mo tored to the chateau about a mile off, where '" Kaiser resided. We got out of the motor before going Into the courtyard and Immediately I was taken by the chancellor Into a sort of garden on the gently sloping hillside below the chateau. Here the Emperor, dressed -In uniform, was walking. As I drew near the Emperor he said Immediately: "Do you come, like the great proconsul, bearing peace or war In either handr By this he referred. of course, to the episode in which Quln tus Fablus Buteo. chief of the Roman envoys sent to Hannibal In the First Punic War, doubled his toga In his hand, held It up and said: "In this fold I carry peace and war: choose which you will have." "Give us which you prefer," was the reply. "Then take war," answered the Roman, let ting the toga falL "We accept the gift," cried the Carthaginian senator. "and welcome." I said, "No, your majesty, only hop ing that the differences between two friendly nations may be adjusted, The Emperor then spoke of what he termed the uneourteous tone of our notes, saylnr that we charged the Germans with barbarism In warfare. and, as Emperor and head of the church, he had wished to carry on the war In a knightly manner. He re ferred to his own speech to the mem bers of the Reichstag at the com mencement of the war and said that the nations opposed to Germany had Making Corn Save Wheat s Use more corn and save Wheat! Corn bread in various styles has been used by the white man from Pilgrim Father days, and by the Red Man for untold ages. Corn is America's greatest grain crop. Of late years ingenious Americans have found that corn can be transformed from a common, into an uncommonly delightful food by cooking, rolling and toasting. And of all corn flakes the most delicious, the most palatable, and most richly flavored, are Post Toasties an all-the-year-round food All the goodness of white Indian corn! A delicious, nourishing dish, usually eaten with cream, milk, or fruits and juices in season! These bubbled flakes have a substance that gets them away from old style corn flakes thin and wispy. They are a substantial food not a soggy confection. Eat TOASTIES and Save Wheat! used unfair methods and means; that the French, especially, were not like the French of '70, but that officers. In stead or being nobles, came from no one knew where. He then referred to the efforts to starve out Germany and keep out milk from that nation, and de clared, before he would allow his fam ily and grandchildren to starve, that he would blow up Windsor Castle and the whole royal family of England. We then had a long discussion la de tail of the whole submarine question. We also discussed the position taken by the Germnn government in one of the Frye notes. In which the German law expert had taken the. po sition that a cargo of food destined for an armed enemy port was pre sumed to be for the armies of the enemy and, therefore, contraband. Discussing the submarine question, the Emperor and chancellor spoke of the warning given In the Lusitanla ease. Finally I said: "If the chancel lor warns me not to go out on the Wllhelmplatz, where I have a perfect right to- go. the fact that he gave the warning does not Justify him In kill ing me if I disregard his warning; and go where I have a right to go." The conversation then became more gen eral: we finally left the garden and went Into the chateau, where the Emperor's aids and guests were im patiently waiting for ranch. Aranslnsly Discussed. I sat between the Emperor and the Prince of Piess. Conversation was tor most of the time general, and subjects such as the suffragettes and the neace exnadltlon of Henrr Ford were emaalncly discussed. Air.r luncn I again naa a long talk with the Emperor, but of a more gen eral nature than the conversation in the garden. That night, about 11 o'clock, after again dining with the chancellor, we left Charlevllle In the same special salon car, arriving at Berlin about 4 p. m. the next day, where at the sta tion, were a crowd of German and American newspaper correspondents. all anxious to know what had hap pened. At this last dinner at the rhsn. tenors ne iook me on In a corner and said, "As I understand IL what America wants Is cruiser warfare on tne part or submarines." Ana I said. Yes. that Is It exactly. Ther rair exercise me riernr. or visit and search, must not torpedo or sink vessels with out warning, and must not sink any vessels unless the passengers and crew are put In a place of safety." un the morning of the 3d of Mav I heard that the German note had been drafted, but that It would con tain a clause to the effect that, while the German submarines would not sro beyond cruiser warfare, nevertheless this rule would not apply to armed merchruitmen. As such a proposition as this would. of course, only briLg up the subject again. I Immediately ordered my au tomobile and called on the Spanish ambassador, statlnr to him what I had heard about the contents of the note: that this would mean v lthout a doubt a break with America, and, as I had been Instructed to hand the em bassy over to him. that I had come to tell him of that fact. Contained Xo Exception. I gave the same Infor -ation to other colleagues, of course, hoping tlat what I said would directly or In directly reach the ears of the German foreign office. Whether It did I do not know, but the Sussex note when received did not contain any exception with reference to armed merchantmen.. With the receipt of the Sussex not. and the President's answer thereto, which declined assent to the claim of Germany to define its attitude toward our rights. In accordance with what we might do In regard to the enforce ment of them against England, the submarine question seemed at least for the moment settled. I. however. Immediately warned the department that I believed that the rulers of Ger many would at some future date, forced by public opinion and by the Conservative and Von Tlrpltz parties, take up ruthless submarine war again, possibly in the autumn, but at any rate about February or March. 1817. In my last conversation with the chancellor before leaving the great General headquarters, and when he referred to the cruiser warfare of the submarines, he also said. "I hope now. If we settle this matter, that your President will be great enough to take up the question of peace." It was as a result of Intimations from government circles after my re turn to Berlin that I Rave an Inter view to a representative of a Munich newspaper, expressing; my faith in the rominc of pence although I was careful to say that it might be a matter of months or even years. Thereafter on many occasions the chancellor impressed upon me the fact that America must do something toward arranging a peace, and. If nothing was done to this end, that undoubtedly publlo opinion In Ger mny would force the resumption of ruthless submarine war -In September of 1P10, I having men tioned that Sits. Gerard was going to the United states on a short vlsli Von Jagow insistently urged me also to go, in order to make every effort to Induce the President to do some thing toward peace. As a result of his urging and as a result of my own desire to make the situation clear In America, I sailed from Copenhagen on the 28th of September with Mrs. Gerard, on the Danish ship Frederick VIII bound for New York. I had spent almost three years In Berlin, having been absent during that time from the city only five or six days at Kiel and two waik-ends in Silesia in 1914, with two weeks at Munich In the autumn, two days at Munich and two days at Parten Klrchen In 1916, and two week-ends at Herlngs- dorf in the summer of the same year, with visits to British prison camps scattered through the two and a half years of war. On the Frederick VIII ware Messrs. Herbert Swope, of the New York World, and William a Bullitt, of the Philadelphia Public Ledger, who had been spending some time in Germany. I impressed upon each of these gen tlemen my fixed belief that Germany Intended shortly, unless some defl nlte move was made toward peace, to commence ruthless submarine war and they made this view clear in the articles which they wrote fpr their respective newspapers." Immediately ItepubUsaed. Mr. Swope's articles, which appear ed In the New York World, were Im mediately republished by him In a book called "Inside the German Em pire." In Mr. Swope's book, on page 84, he says: "The campaign for the ruthless U- boat warfare Is regarded by one man In this country, who speaks with the highest German authority, as being in the nature of a threat Intended to accelerate and force upon us a move ment toward peace. Ambassador Gerrard bad his attention drawn to this Just before he left Berlin, but he declined to accept the interpreta tion." On page 88 Mr. Swope writes: "Our embassy in Berlin expected Just such a demonstration as was given by the U-89 In October, when she sank six vessels off Nantucket, as a lesson of what Germany could do In our waters if war came." I wrote a preface to Mr, Swope's book for the express purpose of li this way informing- the American pub lic that I believed that Germany in tended at at an early date to resume the ruthless U-boat warfare. Our trip home on the Frederick VIII was without incident, except for the fact that on the 8th day of Octo ber Swope came to the door of my stateroom about 12 o'clock at night and Informed me that the captain had asked that he tell me the wireless had brought the news that German submarines were operating directly ahead of us. and had Just sunk six ships in the neighborhood of Nan tucket. I imagine that the captain slightly changed the course of our ship, but next day the odor of burn ing oil was quite noticeable for hours. These Danish ships In making the trip from Copenhagen to New York were compelled to put In at the port of Kirkwall In the Orkney Islands, north of Scotland, where the ship was searched by the British authorities. On the occasion of our visit to Kirk wall, during this trip, a Swede, who had been so foolish as to make a sketch of the harbor and defenses of Kirkwall from the top deck of the Frederick VIII, was taken off the boat by the British. The British had very cleverly spotted him doing this Women! Here Is A Dandy Thing Few drops on corn or callus stop pain, then they lift off. Your high heels have. ut corns on your toes and calluses on the bottom of your feet, but why care now? This tiny bottle holds an almost magic fluid. A genius In Cincinnati dis covered this ether com pound and named it freezone. Smalt bottles of !reezonc can be had at any drug store for a few cents. Don't limp or twist your face in agony and spoil your beauty, but get a little bottle of freezone and apply a few drops on your tender, aching corn ;,r mllus. Instantly the soreness disappears and I shortly you will nnd the I corn or callus so shrivel ed and loose that you can lift It off with the tlng.rs. just lhlnk' You get rid ' of a hard corn, soft corn ur a corn between the toes, as well aa hardened calluses, without suffering - ii.i. ritllnna ur women Ice.D B a tiny bottle on the dresser and never U 1st corns ache twice dvt. TlPOr from the shore or from a neighboring boat, thrqugh a telescope. Ships can only eater Kirkwall by daylight; at 8 o'clock every evening trawlers draw a net across the en trance to the harbor as a protection against submarines. A passage through this net la not opened until daylight the following mornlnr. Captain Thomsen, of the Frederick VIII, which ship carried us to Amer ica and back to Copenhagen, by his evident mastery of his profession, gave to all of his passengers a feeling of-confidence on the somewhat peril ous voyage in those dangerous waters. When 1 reached America, on October 10, I was given a most flattering re ception ana tne rreeaom or tne city of New York. Within a few days after my arrival the President sent for me to visit him at Shadow Lawn, Long Branch, and I was with him for over four hours and a quarter In our first conference. I saw him, of coarse, after the election, before returning to uermany. ana, in tact, sailed on the 4th of December at his special request Before I left I was Impressed with the idea that he desired above all things both to keep and to make peace. Of course, this question ofj making peace Is a very delicate one. A direct offer on our part might have subjected us to the same treatment which we gave Great Britain during the civil war, when Great Britain made overtures looking toward the es tablishment of peace and the North answered, virtually telling- the British government that it could attend to Its own business, would brook no inter ference, and would regard further overtures aa unfriendly acts. The Germans started this war with out any consultation with the United States and then seemed to think that they had a right to demand of the United States that the United States make peace for them on such terms' and at such time aa they chose; that the failure to do so gave them a vest ed right to break all the laws of war fare against their enemies, and to murder the citizens of the. United States on the high seas in violation of the declared principles of Interna tional law. Nevertheless, I think that the In clination of the President was to go very far toward forcing of peace. Our trip from New York to Copen hagen was uneventful, cold and dark. We were captured by a British cruiser west of the Orkneys and taken into the port of Kirkwall for the usual search, where we remained two days. (To Be Continued Temerrosa.) Vital Records. BIrta. John A. and Ruth Oselaaeh. lay. Charles It. and Hltabeth o. LkUm, sir!. uaaries w. ana ranni kismmii. gin. Joan I. and Ray ;!amakar, girl. James A. and Ann! Hurley, boy. Edwin n. sod Elisabeth B. Donaldson, itiL Albert T. and Dolly R. C Corse, boy twins. Petro and Areata Cbaconas. bar twins. Barry C. and Bmu C. Byron, boy. Otto I, and Blanch. P. Bremen, boy. Robert J. and llarsartt T. Barrett, bey. Harrlaoa and Corrln Williams. slrL Charles and Xata Williams. SJlrU William and Mary Jonos, strL Lwls and Ida Jenkins, boy. Thomas and Bessie Jefferson, Ctrl. Abrt T. and Katie Johnson, girt. John and Viola Hill. boy. WUllanx and Viola Fractal, girt. XaxriaeT Licenses. Warren V. Eastman. 3, and Julie T ' t JJ. both of runt Hin. Va. The T. X. Hardla. Stafford L. Xendler. a. and A' - '. OfcM. M. both or Richmond. Va " . l- Chart. C. UeLean. Chester C. Baxter, n. and Kv jj a i" lnston. n, both of Wasnlnrc. i r -- JoMph Steh.r. Ell BoMson. 7. and Aml Re I t 1 of. Washington. The B-- v.j:.ar . Mill. James Sparrow. IS, an- "i Vault, Ota. or Waaklnstoo- Tb-.' r wi.aa .i XtC John Preston Fatten. JUi loi- naao. mu or unursi, i . vn H. JaffrUs. Guy V. H. wmiems. B. , stberlne Darts. JO. both of Waahlngtok. To Bv. Boot. J. Hawslas. DeatXo. Lonaa Striae. XT yrs.. Columbia Hot EmU Tbetat S yrs.. U. 8. Naval Ksa. Samuel E. Uttl. a jt. as lu st. nj. I Junoe Sherwood. M yrs.. Bhw PUIna, D. C. Harriet M. Tord, 7. im Columbia road. nw. ; Dora Omtlck. tl yrs.. Wash. -asy. Hoa. i Ruput J. Pirates, IS yra., 3t Elisabeth's Hos. Howard T. Koreland, XJ yrs., CenH Univ. Ho.. . Mildred r. Burros. 11 yrs.. MM Harvard st. flsmu.1 K. Coffwn. IS yrt, Prrrlfence Hoa. Richard Bovaa. 71 yrs.. TJ. S. SohUora Home rndorlck Whit. 1 mos, its XonUUo are. Joseph Bntsllno, t days, aa rfcu are. a. TVUlUm NorrU. IV, Bays, til 3rd rt. no. Thomas Carter, 3 yrs.. Tuberculous Hot Letltla OraVM. ss yrtL. -Wash. Asy. Hoa. ranny Mauler. It. Casualty Hos. Allco Bruce. (0 yra.. Ita nth rt. nw. rannle Davenport. 0 yrs-. an H st. aw. Sarah Castor. 0 yrs.. Ftndnssn's Ho. Lydia Anderson. M m., Freodmm's Ho, rwmani H. Dnffer, IS yra, Oaoifiluau Has. Conxuu Ford. U yrs.. rear 81 W st. nw. Armle E. RusmU, M yra. Kurort nee. Brurntwooa. Lorenso Smith, t- mia. Treodmen's Boj CARp OF THANKS HBASIXT We wtoh. to rxprMS or thanks nnd asereeiaUon to oar many rrlendr and relatives for th.tr krndnws and bsaatUul coral tributes extended at th. doath of ur dear mother and wlfa. ALICE HAM ILL. HEASLET. BY HER HCSBAND AND CHILDREN'. DEATHS DEARCtO Suddenly, on September IS. 1117. at his resldenea. 10M VundisMU arras eerthwest. OCanGB T. DEARBiO. Notice of funeral hereafter. 1 THE1SS On Monday. September . un. la Wasalnston. Capt. EVTX THEX3S. V. & If. Funeral eerelc Wedaoaday. Sratember M. at I p- m.. 17tt q street northwest. Burial at Arlras-ton. IN MEMORIAM MGfXIS In Md and Wring rtnumbtiMt tt I oar dr hoatead and- faUr. JOHN T. -MINN IS. -who d?Ttad tnla tlt jtmr -, an today -September 2. , HU WlUand CMMrw. t UNDERTAKERS J. WILLIAM LEE. UNDERTAKER AND I4VERT. as Pa. ae. N. W. Tlpbn. M. 1HS, WASHINGTON. P. C. 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