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THE WASHINGTON TBJES, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 30; 1917. .
rf Italy Stubbornly Resisting German Drive While Awaiting Aid From .Allies , - i . saeisWsmiKs'fyiTTfri iimtimtmttmmt BtHfletiMaBeSsUttM EhIV' iP9PisBB 5 C'Ka?"",!' :t!BrKw'ilmnm Jrml riiMHiJTni ifTTsssssHsHtsssfsBB oxbbbbbbbbs aseeeeeeeeeeeeeel.sr-- ?' ..TjaJlBaeeeeeeeeeBSBiBeBesseBsaeMBelBeBaseeeeeel 9S9fiSBiHBlMSfBfflHHMjflHHHBI9PH I RwbPIw' Era f Jx9MBm9H fi'lr'lnrK$E?i9!PlRolss9Hs f iin jiff l i-"T-?tirBBiirMBK seeeeeeeeBfcsBeesyBB iffyTsysaff slaagr ?yiteya&iv3?MiBBMHB B UHOtWOOO untw-wv THE ACME OF GERMAN KULTUK. British Offldll PbetofTtph. A German shell If seen here exploding on an advanced British Red Cross dressing station. Despite the distinct Red Cross flag, which must have been seen by the German bombarders, the sta tion was shelled until- totally destroyed. Several wounded men were killed, while others wtre rescued with great difficulty. The Rea" Cross flag, the sign of universal humanity to every nation except tho Twt2DJs seen flylnsMn the breeie In the foreground. BOTH ARE DOING THEIR HIT.' Photo by latemstlonsl. Pined rr Commute oa Public tsformsnoa, John Wanamaker, Jr, son of Rodman Wanamaker and grand son of Philadelphia' great merchant prince, did not permit his marriage to the beautiful Miss Pauline Dlsston, which occurred In Newport a month or more ago, to Interfere with what he be lieved to be his duty to Uncle Sim. Young Mr. Wanamaker Is here shown In his captain's uniform. WV-Wnttt nam i in 1 1 r OANT SOAEETBESE '''TOMMIES.". Brlttia OflMtl Pkttocnpk. One of the great results of this World War Is the thousand of men who have become haretaMet to danger and can look death In the fact without a tremor. In the picture shown here, taken at tha British front In Flanders, two Tommies, evidently war seasoned, are holding conversation white d4ti from bursting-enemy shells lurk but forty yards away. The men have become so accustomed to tfcotr dn gers that on of themlprtfferntly turns Me back to the enemy fire whlls the other calmly HflM W pipe and prepares to ei.ojr tf.i telo-exc! crush mt, THEN (MURE SLAV CAPITAL, GMN PLAN (Continued from First Page.) front immediately to give, added Im petus to the -drive. All dispatches Indicate that Ger many Is playing a trump card In an Sort to force an end of tbe war, through Italy. The allies are rushing- menr and am munition to the aid of the Italians, hoping: to not only stem the tide of military advance, but to checkmate the Kaiser's blow at the fighting spirit of the troops. It is realized that the German offensive, timed to catch Italy unprepared In men and ammunition, despite her frantic re cent appeals to France, England, and America, Is a clever move to foment Italian distrust of the allies. While there Is no disposition on 'the part of the Italians to criticise the allies It Is pointed out here today that for the last six months the Italian general staff has been urginr the British and French to hurry re enforcements to Cadorna. In addition very effort has been made by the Italians to secure arms and muni tions for more than 250,000 men who have been called to the colors but who have been without weapons. It Is stated at the embassy today that these arms are now being furnished. Officials at the War Department to day declared that there Is no real reason why sufficient re-enforcements should not be sent to Italy. Wherever the Kaiser weakens his lines in re moving troops for service against tbe Italians the French and British can follow suit And In the fighting on the broad plains of northern Italy cavalry -and Infantry that heretofore have been useless can be sent Into action. Kaiser's rath 3Tot Clear. At the Italian embassy todsy It was stated that there was no reason to believe that the Kaiser's forces will have a clear way to overrun north' era Italy Officials there who are In the closest touch with Home insisted that the Italian retreat has slowed down and that all along the entire front their troops are battering fierce ly. While figures are lacking, it is estimated here that at least 200,000 veteran British and French troops will be sent into Italy to cope with the advancing Germans. Tbe twenty fle ships, given the Italians Friday to transport Ameri can aid to Cadorna. will not be ready to sail from American ports until about the nrat of December, it was learned today It Is officially declared here that -political conditions In Italy are im proving under the crisis. The lead ing Italian newspapers are calm, the cables show Cabinet Crisis fettled. "It Is too early to describe the re sult of the struggle." says the Idea Kazlonale. "It is now Italy's duty and honor to sustain this big offensive. And she is doing so with perfect confidence that she mil be able to show herself worthy of her destiny and the confidence of ber allies." Italy's cabinet crisis, official ca bles add, has been virtually settled under demands for Instant action to repel the Invaders. Sonnlno will be retained as minister of foreign af fairs, with Blssolatl and Nlttl hold ing Important portfolios under Prime Minister Orlando. Maintaining the morale of the civilian population will be the big tail, of the new cabinet Entente military menJiere make no attempt to conceal the general chagrin felt at allied mlsjudgment of Italy's needs end Germany's strength. The Important Italian newspapers are noat pessimistic. LONDON. Oct 30. Field Marshal Hajg (truck another powerful gain Anyone Want a Baby? Tiny Girl Found in Wagon Needs a Home Anybody want a perfectly fine baby, of unidentified parentage, but charm ing personality? The District children's guardian has one Infant girl of that description handed over today by Mrs. Ernest Howard, wlfe of Captain Howard, Seventh engine company, who waa attracted to a wagon In front of a stable at Sixth and I streets north east last night by echoing walls and found therein a seven-weeks' old treasure. It spent tbe nigbt at the Howard htrme, 311 K street northeast Mrs. Howard's heart is blg'enougn-to hold another ""pretty baby," but there al ready are eight In the house, and things are a bit crowded. Hence, she relunctantly placed It In safe 1 UNTO Ing blow against the German line In Flanders today. "North of the Ypres-Roulera rail way we attacked at B:40 this morn ing," he reported. "Good) progress was made." Tbe Tpres-Roulers railway crosses the Passthtndaele ridge Just a little to the south of Paaschendaele. Halg's general direction of the drive today would seem to Indicate the British have struck forward out of Passehen daele, directly toward Routers, which Is only six miles distant from where the British lines were on the recent British drive last weekC The imme diate object of all the reecnt British smashes in Flanders has been this city of Routers. It Is one of the railway centers of the main line of communications con necttng the Hlndenburg line with the German submarine bases of Ostend and Zeebrugge, on the coast ITALIANS MAY QUIT UDINE TO MAKE STAND ON TAGLIAMENTO LINE LONDON, Oct 30. The battle line on which Italian troops are battling valiantly to stem the Teutonic in vasion extends from the head of the Gulf of Trieste, northward along the Isonzo front to beyond the Tolmlno, thence westward, through the Carnlc Alpine region to the Ploacken pass. Deep wedges have been driven Into the lines by the German and Austro-Hungarlan troops on the east and the northeast and a third attack is being driven In the north, appar ently attempting to cut off the retreat of the Italians to the west and soun dest Berlin reports that the Invaders are within striking distance of Udlne, the Italian headquarters. The defense on the Isonxo front has collapsed before the attacks of the Austro-Hungarlan troops under Gen. Otto von Buelow, Berlin declares. Until Cadorna has established his armies on the Tagliamento line, Lon don does not expect to hear any news from this front except of sweeping German successes. Military experts are hourly expecting news of the evacuation of Udlne. Use Troops From East. The main apprehension here was that If the Isonxo front has com pletely dissolved. It will be an ex ceedlngly difficult matter to delay the German advance sufficiently to prepare the Tagliamento line for the tremendous blow It Is certsln this front must withstand. Before the "last stand" Is reacheu, however. It Is likely the effect of strong allied assistance may be felt Not one news paper today minimized the danger of the Italian situation. All agreed the German victory means several months' continuation of the war. The best Information from Italian as well as Swedish sources put the number of Mackensen's Invading troops at 800,000. rractlcally every one of these certainly all the German troops- were drawn from the Russian front So were most of the thousands of guns with which the Teutons liter ally blazed their way forward. PRECEDE PEACE TALK OF ALLIES BY DAVID LAWRENCE. (Continued from First Page.) comer should not be the medium for anouncemenu especially since the meet is to be held on European soIL DIspatekea Slarslfleaat. The most significant statements, therefore, are comlbg In the London dispatches. The Associated Press ca ble states that Boner .Law's state ment was made -because "of a report that tho Russian workmen and sol diers' delegates were sending a. rep resentative to the' conference to tils cuss war alms." It will be recalled that the Petro. grad council of workmen- and sol diers, but not the provisional gov ernment has been proclaiming a pro gram of war alms, and tho refusal of Great Britain to permit the forthcom ing conference to touch on those sub jects may be due to a conviction that Premier Kerensky has the situation In Russia well In hand. Eer since the revolution occurred, there has been unremitting pressure exrtd upon th entnt allle sby thu Rus sian racialists In bring about a revis ion o' war alms. Considerable negotiation has nro. ceeded since then and the Impresilon here has ben that th radlc-tl element In Russia was hid at bay by a prom ne of a general harmonization of war alms. Peace rrogram Comlog. That such a declaration by the at lies of their peace program bated upon an Interchange of views Is even tually going to be made cannot be doubted but today's news Indicates clearly that Great Britain does not think the time Is ripe for this discus sion and that such action may con ceivably fall In with the German pro gram of sowing dissension among the members of the entente. The effort In Washington to main tain a policy of reticence about the Inter-allied conference Is due to the Idea that until the allies have prop erly and effectively formulated their military program which is the Im mediate need there is no sound rea son for discussing war alms. Emphasis on Ships. The emphasis here Is on ships, food, and men. How much shall the United States and all the allies plan to use of each and what distribution of ef fort shall be made? These are the large questions In volved In planning the next year of warfare and the general basis on which the allies hope to bring Ger many to terms. If there Is any talk of peace programs. It, will be In formal and subordinate to the main Issue the prosecution of the war. So far as tue United States Is con cerned, it 1 snot known what the American representatives v. ill pro pose. For a time It was declared that the purpose of the conference would be military, but there are certain non-military aspects that have to do with a firm prosecution of the war through civilian and non-combatant endeavor both In this country and In Europe. While no announcement has been made in Washington, the general Im pression prevails that the American delegates will go to the conference with a free hand and that they will deal with circumstances as they arise. The Government does not wish to revest the personnel of the American delegation nor to Intimate the scope of the Instructions to be given them. All this Is being reserved until the delegation shall have arrived safely on the other side. GERMAN TROOPS WAR WEARY, SAYS FIRST PRISONER By xnWTO.T C. PAIIKE. AMERICAN FIELD HEADQUAR TERS IN FRANCE. Oct Ml The big majority of the German army the pri vates are weary of war. They yearn for peace. The officers, getting good salaries and able to keep out of the first line trenches, do not care how long the war lasts. t These statements wero made by the American expeditionary forces' first German prisoner Just before he died from the wound he 'received when ha failed to haalt at. an Ararican patrol's command. The prisoner, who was bare ly nlnteen jears old. was called to the colors a tear ago. He had been flitiU Ing In the first line trenches in this sec tor most of. the time. Tha German expressed the greatest surprise that he had been taken prisoner by Americans. He said he had heard there were a few American soldiers In France, but he didn't dream they were on the fighting line. The officers, he said, never imparted such Information to the men. Asked about conditions In the Interior of Germany the prisoner smiled wanly and said he was sorry, but he didn't know. Without News From Home. "It has been nine months since I have heard from folks at home." he told the Americans. He added that the military authori ties had cut off all communication be tween the men In the trenches and the "folks back home." The Oorman was acting as a msil carrier when be was captured. Ho said be had started for some distant trenches. He was unfamiliar with the trench system and found himself out In No Man's Land. The Americans who were out on a scouting expedition In front of their own barbed wire defenses suddenly loomed up ahead. They spotted the German at the same moment be saw, them. v The American command to halt rang out but the German start ed to run. Two polish Americans, one from Chicago and tbe other from Milwaukee, who get credit for the capture, both fired and the German dropped - - In an American Hospital. Several Americans rushed forward and picked up tbe wounded 'man. He was rushed at once to an American field hospital not far behind the lines. He was conscious but extremely weak. One gullet Tiad shattered his left arm and the other had pierced his abdomen. A young surgeon, a grad uate of the University of Pennsyl vania and .formerly a surgeon In the Philadelphia General Hospital, oper ated on the prisoner. "If he had only not got tbe wound In the abdomen he would hare recov ered," the young surgeon said. "He was a nervy little chap. While he was being operated on he looked around and watched everything calm ly, although he must have been suf fering agonies." The company that captured the Ger man also won nearly all the divi sional trophy cups at the recent field meet Naturally, the members are quite cocky today. DIRECTOR OF MINT TO RESUME 0FFICE500N Raymond T Baker, director of the Mint expects to return to his office j Klthln a few dsjl. He was painfully Injured In an automobile accident on Connecticut avenua avXev days ago. EUROPEAN WAR . NEWS SUMMARY There were indications to be found today within the official re ports, both from Berlin and Rome, that the Teutonic invasion of north eastern Italy was slackening In speed, if not in power, doe to the natural impossibility of maintaining the initial momentum and also taaUhe stiffening of the Italian rear guard defense. The main bodies of the Italian forces, however, continue to retreat, and the pursuit likewise goes on. The evidences of thin somewhat more encouraging aspect of the Italian situation are to be found in the fact that for the first time since last Tuesday, when the Teutonic drive began, the Carman offi cial reports state merely that the number of prisoners is increasing, without mentioning any definite figure; that Italian rear guards have "vainly" endeavored to stem the Teutonic advance, indicating that rear guard actions are now being fought in force: that Austro-Hun-garfan troops are "standing" before Udine, evidently massing against an expected defense of this central city of the northeastern plain, and that the Italian report states that a check is being maintained against the invader. On the other hand, the retreat of the Italian third army, from the Vipacco river, south of Gorizia, to the Adriatic (abandoning the whole Carso plateau positions), is reported as taking place along the Adri atic shore. This will mean the abandonment of Monfalcone and ter ritory at least so far aa the mouth of the Isonzo. Another of the direct consequences of the German success in breach ing the Italian defenses on the Isonzo at Plezzo and Tolmlno is the flanking of the Italian positions In the Carnlc Alps, north of the point of invasion. The German official report states that the Carnie line is weakening as far as the Plockcn pass, which involves more than seventy-five miles of Italian defenses, and may mean the necessary abandonment of Carnia southward to the Delgano, the town of Tol mezzo and the Tagliamento river. The Tagliamento rher, along the whole length south of Tomezzo, is spoken of as the eventual line along which the Italian forces, aided by as many British and French, with heavy artillery, as can be dis patched in time, will seek to contest any further advance of the Teu tonic troops. This would mean the abandonment of Udine, thirty odd miles to the eastward. Since it is necessary, however, for the Italians to gain time, even at the expense of further troops, it is not improbable that some sort of a stand will be made before Udine. A cursory examination of general conditions surrounding the Teu tonic campaign aeveals some elements hopeful for the defense. There is, for instance, over"-protestation in both the German and Austrian official reports of the comradeship of the German and Austrian troops. The German reports often wear their intent on their sleeves. Thus, there, is no doubt thst lack of this fraternal feeling prompts the over-emphasis upon its existence. The condition is minimized amid victory, but will once more become acute in the face of check, hard ship, and possible defeat for defeat is quite possible as an ultimate sequence of the great extension of the Teutonic line, the difficulty attending its supply, and the certain recovery of the Italian forces, stiffened by French and British re-enforcements. General , Smuts, one of the shrewdest of military strategists, goes so far as to pre dict that the Teutonic invasion will eventually be turned into an allied victory. U. S. TROOPS IN BLIZZARD POUR SHOTONENEMY PT J. W. rEOLXB. United Press Staff Cerrespoadeet. WITH THE AMERICAN ARMT, SOMEWHERE IN FRANCE, Oct 30, Under terrible weather conditions, tbo American army is exchanging blow for blow with the Boches. France today is a vast stretch of ley rivulets and bogs. Rain and snow are beating down day after day. The American Infantry stand watches on tha front- lines and. take regular turns at patrols In the bleak, deadly waste that Is No- Man's Land. tt Is a dasolat section where tbe blizzard's make tt often Impossible to see more than a few yards. Accredited American corerspondenu on Sunday had their, first opoprtunlty to visit the Sammies at the front their gun pits, dugouts, and trenches. W staggered single file across valley to see the gun that fired the first shot of the war. A young lieu tenant from Indiana told with boyish enthusiasm how that first shot came to be fired. He Interspersed bis run- Inlng narrative with commands to his j gunners, working underground. I "The French Officers told us It was I In I osslble to procure horses ti haul 1 that gun In here until daylight" the lieutenant said. "He sam ir we want ed to drag It up, by man power. -we might beat the others and thus have the opportunity of firing the first shot "Our men knew It would be a tough Job, but they were anxious to shoot that first shell. So they worked through all the night In the rain and mod. And they got the gun la posi tion Just before daybreak." KENDRICK Of WAR SCENE. LONDON, Oct, W. Senators . Ken drlck and Representatives ' Rogers and James Parkr arrived here to day to. Join the American congres slonsl party getting a glimpse of war conditions at first hand. TRIESTE OFFEREE! i GERM AN Y FOR Affi; ITALY UH) By JOHN P. HKARLKT. Vailed Freas Staff CerrtspsaacsA, HOME. Oct. 30. All Italy Is confi dent the military situation will clr In a satisfactory fashion withbs tita next two or three days. Complete confidence was express i today In General Cadornas plan for stand which will halt the great Gr? (man invasion. .Austria has been forced tcrproaasM Trieste to Germany as' the-, price for we Prussian aiu m ui anveaceeru Ing to well authenticated Swiss 're ports received here. 1 Plesssssk. ""TessasmV X) lVl!tt'asaesesesi iWmmTlmm HIHHul HKpjHHElj T r3mmmWmmm SsbbbV'C' I JTVTjaSBBBkV K3?NBBBBBBaaB&VV fJfeeW aBl9sBBBBBBBBBV I isCSBBBMeSsBBBBasf llf 1 CmVoRhSTbJ ' I buthftil OldAg e Keeping "young" 'depends upon maintained vigor, elasticity of' muscles and arteries and an active mind that keeps in happy touch and sympathy with the pleasures and affairs of youth. 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