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i Today A SoaaEst New York's Mayor? Jelly Fish and Saloon. Hie High Cost of War. Yon Can't Eat an Hear. Those that know little take ser iously the statement that Germany may "develop in Italy the same situation as has developed in Rus sia." No danger of it. Russia is made lip of forty different peoples with forty thousand different ideas, speaking many different Ian gages. Italy is now where Russia will be, perhaps, a hundred years from now a solid united nation, all speaking' the same language, all sharing the same idea TO PRESERVE THE ITALIAN NA TION. The difference between Russia and Italy is about the same as the difference between an enormous jelly fish floating on the water, and a clean cut salmon with plenty of speed and power. Whatever the Germans do in Italy they will have to do with hard fighting. They won't have any CHAOS to help them. The switchmen ask for a raise In wage. They ought to have it and the influence, of Govern ment should give It to them with out a. fight to tie up th.e country. They have had no Increase in wages for seven years. Everybody knows what has happened to the cort of food In those seven years. It Is true that the switchmen have had a reduction of one hour In their day's work, but they cant .EATIhat hour. What will happen if HjUquit, the 1 Socialist, is elected mayor of New Tork city? The thing Is pos sible. "With four candidates In the field, the Republican, Bennet; the Fu--sionlst, Stitchel; the Democrat, "Hyian; and Hillquit,amanmayb elected "mayor with a big majority of the papulation against him. What would be the attitude of two-thirds of New Tork city If one third, partly Socialist and partly pro-German, elected a Socialist mayor to control the city govern ment for four years and the spend ing ot more than two hundred mil lion dollars a year? Jt does not seem to have oc curred to New Tork cityyet that the election of wHillquit is by no mear an impassibility. , Hen worth millions of 'dollars art going to vote for HiUquHT-to .shwtheir pro-German sympathy, 'men" that a tew -yeats" ago would have thought it impossible that a Socialist should ever get their vote. It must be remembered that the Socialists among other things have a way of getting their votes COUNTED. They are able to call upon thousands of tireless workers that ask so pay. What will two thirds of New York do, if a Socialistic and pro German one-third carries the city . next Tuesday? The new German chancellor says "Germany is fighting for Europe against America, which threatens to dominate the world." There Is a future for that Von Bertllng gentleman on the vaude ville stage. He weeps for the poor French that are being eaten out of house and home by Americans on French soil. England is spending thirty-three million dollars a day. The United States Is spending forty-two mil lion dollars a day. Seventy-five million dollars a day for only two nations enough to build the Pana ma Canal twice a week and what a fuss the country did make about building the Panama Canal. Civilization is like the English coal miner that took milk from the baby to give to Ms bull pup Noth ing is too good for brutality. When anybody mentioned Gov ernment ownership of the rail roads In old days, the nation was solemnly assured that the thing couldn't be done because the country couldn't a. -d IL But this year, on war, the nation will spend enough to buy every railroad In the United States even with dishonest prices put upon them. No one can fail to admire the Eaker for his many ingenious methods of making enemies. The State Department reveals the fact that his agents spoke of all the South Americans as "Indians un der a thin veneer." To call the proud Castilians of South America "thinly veneered Indians" will hurt their feelings k "more than sinking many ships. One thing may come out of the passing Italian difficulty, namely, AN ITALIAN REPUBLIC. The end ot this war will find other kings in addition to the King of Prussia and the Austrian Em peror out ot fashion. It will probably also find certain republics considerably more like a " republic than they were before the war started. THIS COUNTRY OF r OURS FOR INSTANCE. Already it is losing somewhat of 'the manner ot a financial eUsxchi . . WEATHER: FAIR. CONTINUED COLD TONIGHT NUMBER OF BiGELOW Administration's Condemnation of Free Speech Interference Seen in Secretary's Denun ciation. v By DAVID LAWRENCE. (Copyright, ItlT. by New Tor ETeolng Port Company). The Administration regards, as very serious and very reprehensible the attack on Herbert S. Bigelaw, the noted pastor, who while en route to address a meeting in Kentucky, was kidnaped and horsewhipped. This trend toward intolerance has been watched with apprehension by the Government. Dispatches which told of the organization of lawless gangs 'amflar to the Ku-Klux bands of dry war days to deal wjth speak ers whose war views are in disagree ment with -the majority in this coun- kiftTTrrestea-Ju?ataftil iaist sjon. x President Is Silent. President Wtlien made no state ment today, but tb vehement expres sion by Secretary Newton D. Baker, of the War Department, may be taken aa a reflection of the Administration viewpoint, because the whole problem of Interference with free speech has been thoroughly discussed by th Cab inet, and there I no subject on which the Government feela the need of more delicacy and tact than In han dling; the minority who dlsrent from Its war program. Baker la Sfevelcrd. "I am greatly shocked," said Secre tary Baker In an authorlzed'stitemcnt, "by the report of violence to my friend, Mr. BIgelow. It Is, of course, lawless: but it la also brutal and cowardly. "The cause ot the United States Is not aided, but Is hurt, by this sort of thine It Is alleged that those who beat him said something about aveng ing Belgium, but the lynching of Bel- glum is not avenged by having law less lynchlngs of our own. "The right of free speech Is guar anteed by the Constitution, and abuses of that kind are punished by law. No night riders, are needed, and when this country la at war for lib erty and Justice they make a humll latlng contrast to our national Ideals and alms. Frtf Speech Upheld. This is the first outspoken expres slon from the Administration on the subject of free sp-ech since the war began. The President has been pe titioned to stay the hand of those rash persons who would not permit the Postofflce Department and the De partment of Justice to deal with the writers and preachers of sedition and treason, but the White House has not been disposed to bellere that mat ters would be carried to auch ei tremes as the BIgelow episode indi cates. The danger of a reaction to Amer ica's war program of greater democ racy In the world Is recognized by high officials who haie urged upon Mr. Wilson the advisability of is suing some statement reiterating the right of free speech Secretary Bakers utterance may be regarded aa a true representation of the Administration's position be cause he enjoys the confidence ot the President to an unusual degree these days. Will ranis Sedlllens. The Government, on the other hand, does not Intend to be weak-kneed with reference to those who are actually engaged In seditious and treasonable propaganda. These It will Imprison or Intern But a dlstlnc tlon Is drawn between those who are and always have been tlnceiely op posed to war the conscientious ob Jestors and those who have devel oped their views on account of in herent sympathy for the cause of Germany. The Government Is handling the conscientious objectors in the several cantonments with due regard to the spirit of the selective draft law which recognised the existence of creeds opposed to armed conflict But one thing the Government here will not tolerate and th-t is an ef fort by lawless groups of civilians jtCentlnued en Page 16, Column 2.) 3 DEAD, FIRE. KU-KLOIG INIBERK COWARDLY fJitUahMfotiflt 5 WASHINGTON, WEDNESDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 31. 26 Rome Is Confident Teuton Drive Will Be Halted at Tagliamen to River, First Natural De fense. ROME, Oct. 31,-The Italian retreat to prepared positions continues in an orderly fashion, today's official report asserted. There were various engage ments jesterday pnthe Delfriuli and along the JJedra canal. Pa- sian, scnisvoncesvrozxuoio, ana Delfruill front. Throughout the plains and passes of northern Italy today Italian and Anstro-German armies are -'engaged in bloody struggle while Generals Ca- dornand Von .Uackensea are vying for sttatesaii.'sid vantage '"' . Meantime" th A Italian, rteonle offi cial caMexdeelaPB tovtry, ne-ttraaetl as at'iw prerions' time 'durih.. the war. The parliamentary Socialist group has pledged its Support to the government, and patriotic demonstra tions are under way in all cities and villages. "Masterly Retreat." Cadorna is executing a "masterly retreat," the cables say. Southeast of Udlne, which has been sacrificed, the Italian third army Is withdrawing slowly, and unless overwhelmed by unexpected numbers of the enemy, may be able to execute a flanking movement designed to save much ter ritory. At the northernmost corner of the triangular battle ground, more than 100 miles from the Adriatic, lies the path of the Poleckean in the Carnic Alps, the photal point of the entire strategic plan of Von Mackensen and Cadorna. If the Italian fourth army is able to hold the path, the Taglla mento line will be made safe for Ca dorna. If the path Is lost to the Germans, Von Mackensen will be able to execute a flanking moement and turn the entire northern wave of the Italian army. This would force Ca dorna to retreat southward to the Plave River Italy's second natural line of defense. Important towns like Palmanova, Gradisca and Cervignano will be sac rificed like pawns by Cadorna. May Be Iaterned. While the Italian parliamentary socialist group has pledged Its sup port to the government, the radical group of socialists, small In number. without parliamentary rtiu""" who preach Internationalism and the brotherhood ot man, win pran " interned, because they are supposedly In German pay. the cables indicated General Corsl. military critic of the Borne Trlbuna. Is optimistic about Cadorna's decision to make a stand at Tagllamento The Trlbuna insists me forthcoming Dawc mco " -elding struggle of the war "For the third time," this paper says -Italy has been called on to ,ave Europe fron the Austro-Ger-mans. who are making this supreme effort to save Austria and Germany from the terror of a fourth war win ter. Decision la Landed. Goirnale d'ltalla lauds the decision of parllmcntary socialists to support the government In the coming danger The Catholic paper Corrlere d'ltalla says "Mack'nsen's drive Is producing Absolutely the opposite effect than the German staff had hopd for The ....nan invnilon has cemented na tional resistance Instead of producing disorganization" ROARING TORRENT MAY SAVE ITALIAN FORCES FROM UTTER DEFEAT By JOHN. II. HEAni.KV, (Vailed Press Staff romspendent.) nOMn. Oct 31 Home expects the great German Austrian drle lo come to a halt on the flood swollen banks of the Tagllamento river Reports from the front today de- (ContInue4 on Fag 3, Column 44 NATION FOR BRAVE STAND MISSING IN BALTIMORE THREE Photographs tltiffimmwi td&fi&wi&m&ZfTXwJXz&r 1'JisssVssl?fc LJtiSuESBttBmeBBBEfis&St " Mi 'sssstssssssssssssl .???," ... . m iC iSmT. 1 M r s- SaKmKKKnm. 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CfttftTv.x- i s ys?v?- fihiMisMif iBffgrhyMr4'V1afctTT T i-Tn nVrir' a jy jsfc7tt .yVfa J-twjfcjjaitJsaM sssssssssIsssPIcMItHHbssssssssss aBBBaVJplvjlssCssssssssssssssssssMsjr SBJBJBJBJBJBJJJSfa , ,. ,i. V ( , j aLBSSSslBSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSsBilsSSSSSSS EH'- - ; .,uj&$QBmBmMtix'l Ki. ft -?t&- " ...-.TStaMSaBsaaaaaaLWaBWai Ruins L! OF There nlll be no night Tollce Court tonight Police Court officials lookd the field over thl afternoon and ilfcid-d that the small number of arreits for Intoxication already dotKeted. and those In sight thus far. are not suf ficient to warrant the much talked of night session Infractions of the law committed In connection with the Halloween celebration, and the closing of the saloons, will be treated si disorderly conduct cases Announcement xt as made some das ago that It would be necessary to hale those persons charged with drunkenness into court before mid night. In order to comply ntth the existing Ian which becomes effectie on No ember 1 Arrangements had been mado by scores of persons to at lend the night session, which noun1 have been the first held In Washing ton In man) sears. CRYPTIC STATEMENT BY BERLIN SPEAKER AMSTERDAM, Oct 31 "Let a tell Washington we went to war beside the Kaiser, and we'll return from the war with him" declared Stepcrwaid, of the congress ot Christian work cs u vnriaiioi. ..u.iv men. in a speecn oeiore iue . convention. SOBRIETY OUTLOOK BRINGS CANCE SUSPECTS Made Today of of docks on which were stored g GHOSTS TO CLAIM OLD BARLEYCORN AT 12 Farewell booze! The altars of Bacchus In the Dis trict are about to fall. John Barleycorn and all his mates are to pass away tonight Every barroom and wholesale and retail liquor establishment must close at midnight, probably never to open again. Officially, the District goes dry, but the worshipers of Bacchus see only ruin all about them as tho temples fall. For them, the mourners, the melancholy days hae come, indeed, the saddest of many jears Tonight they will briKhten the etenlng shadows. In a last feast, but they will be mourners at the waUc, their eyes made sore by naked sneUes ana hurt by the glaring lights that through the old altar pieces were soft amber and old rose Famed liars To Close. With the passlnp of the saloon In Washlnuton tonight ipuny places (amed throuKhout, tin nation and the world, hallowed b lilstor) will be come but n memnr and a landmark - . , - . "'", ."", ., .,. M,.t nd I 3UUUU10A1 mt Ww V v ws-- .-w t 0 1917. QetwgWaH Street Prices. $5,000,000 Munition Fire have, sailed m -te-dayi-witfaargo of ramftioM. real piles of munitions for the allies. TONIGHT John Barleycorn Stone Dead At Twelve O'Clock While the excise law under which the District has been oper ating; allowed the sale of liquor up to 1 a. m., all bars will close for good at midnight tonight. Nor can liquor be ordered in the hotels before midnight and sered on tho tables for consump tion after October 3r has expired In other words, there is nothing dolne for John Harlecorn after the clock strikes tweUe. most famous, will remain in the flesh, but the spirit will be gone Tho old place lll betome a soft drink emporium, hralng the shades of Henry Clay, Cslhoun, and Daniel Webster While the drinkers mourn. Sena tor Fheppard, author of the dry law. and his cohorts and supporters are prepared to lead the cheering as olo Klnir Ilooze Is laid away for the count. The Senator Is m waining (Continued on Page 3, Column 8.) (8 ' J FINAL' EDITION f ARRESTED WOMAN BURNED TO DEATH WHEN Her head and body badly burned when her clothing became Ignited from the flame of an alcohol stove. Mrs. Martha Morris, sixty-two, of Ridge Crest, X C. was taken to Emergency Hospital, where she died shortly after 10 o'clock this morning. Mrs Morris had been a roomer for several weeks at the apartment of Theodoe W. Bltzel, 1714 Tourteenth street northwest, where the accident occurred. ATLANTIC COAST LINE EMPLOYES ON STOKE WILMINGTON. N C. Oct. 31 Fol lowing unanimous vote last night clerks of the general office, local office, jard, and other departments ot the Atlantic Coast Line railroad here went on strike this morning, lrtually completing the tie-up of the ontlre Atlantic Coast Linr sj.item. Th. action followed a visit here of nr.ncl Chl'f J. J Forrester, of the National Brotherhood ot Railway Clerks The strike on the Atlantic Coast I.lne railroad has had no effect what ever on train schedudes Into Wash ington, officials of the road said to day. CLOTHING IGNITES ffllCE WTTHIX DISTRICT OP. COfcUMBWA, W ELSEWHERE. 3. ADDITIONAL ARRESTSTtt FOLLOW I FIRE PLOT Seized Suspect Was Ssen ftefl- ning From Pier Jft .Before $5,000,000 Hre Broke Out ' at Baltimore. BALTIMORE, "Md Oct aLr-The full force of the Department of Jas- tice was today thrown behfed a lat vestigation launched here late the fire that swept the water front, de stroying two piers and a British steamship with a loss of $5,000,000. Ten men, stevedores, ox aissing and are believed tohaveperished. Early this "morntaa- the steamer Kerry Bange, which was. badly shaa aged, sank, and la bow testiag o the 'Bottom; of the harber. . En -IWrB- ' v-zr "sS,Z zzt, .. sailors fth .British steamer Ksrrr Rains afa 'Vnown' to b dad and -twenty-six sailor and smpIOyss oa the pttrs of th Baltimore, and Ohfa rallroad which Were wrseMd" r flr are- mlsslnr. It I believed, that some of these made their escape and their nnmbsr of dead probably wilt not he defi nitely established today, but, officials ot the railroad are convinced that more than fifteen persons lost their lives. The big piers burned. K Iaeeadlary Origl. That the fire was of Incendiary origin has been established beyond a doubt, and three suspects have bm arrested and turned over to tb United States authorities. One la John. Whltterman. said to have been seen running away from the pier a fsw moments before the blaze. Three suspects are being grilled by Federal Secret Service agents in th belief that thev are holding: hack material Information- One of ths men. a saloon keeper, whose nama I withheld, declared last night, accord ing to witnesses who appeared before Federal agents, that: "We got Pier 8 and 9. We are go ing to get the grain elevators next." The saloonkeeper told detectives that he was a Russian Pole, but nat uralization papers seised at bla horns In the vicinity of the fire revealed the fact that he was a naturalized German. The Federal authorities expect sev eral other arrests this afternoon. Federal agents are convince German, agents are responsible for th fire Fire broke out In five places si multaneously a few seconds after several rockets were seen to go up at different points on the piers. Sv eral men also were seen neeinx irom the scene. Guards tired at them, but so far as known none of them was hit. The Kerry Range, which sank, ar rived In this port yesterday. It iru a steel steamer. British registry, or 5 BSa tons, commanded by Captain Howard and owned by the Furness Wlthy Company, Lt(L. London. Believes Men Came la Bsat. J. M Davis, operating vice presl dent of the Baltimore and Ohio Rail road, who visited the seen of th Are early today, stated that It was his opinion that the blaze was "with out a doubt of incendiary origin." "I believe the man or men who started the blaze reached the pier In a boat." said Mr. Davis. "All of th stevedores and other employes hav been under survIllanc. and their records were searched before they ... .mninvnL I do not believe any one could have approached from th land end. But I do Deueve mo nr was started by an incendiary or tr lncendlarles" Chief of Tollce Edmond Lslgh, of the Baltimore and Ohio system, and the local police officials began Im mediately an Investigation Into a re port of the pier watchman that h saw five or six men Jump from psr No 0 Just as the flames brok out. The plera had been under heavily armed guards for the last year, and Just such a disaster has been feared. Several months ago a quantity of dynamite was taken from a loaded grain car In the Baltimore and Ohio grain elevator The car waa Intended for on of the allies. The car waa traced back to Ita loading point In th West and found to have been loaded b a number of Austrian stevedores The suspicions of the police and firemen that the fire soar hare been .CjaadtfJowrJsy - twa. a-; 1 M