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Trench Warfare of
i swsasaaasssKeyvSiSl'SiBflEB k? IHBIHIHIHIIIBhoBhhPIh Theta "pollus," at machine gunners, are engaged In target practice on the western front. Half burled In 4helr gun pita, they make small targets for theenemy In a battle, but their little weapons, which talk faster than an angry woman, can lay a GERMANACTIVITY STIRS ALL ITALY F HOME, Nov. 10. It must not bo for gotten that It was the minority of Italy that declared war. Two yean and a half of herolim and sacrifice had steadily Increaaed the ranki of Interventionists, but It has 'needed & Germans to turn the balance and create a treat war majority. The latest opposition to war lias hitherto been represented by the so cialist paper Avanti, park, of the clerl cal press and the Glollttian Stampa, or Turin. Since the enemy entered Italy the Avantt has no longer rep neented even the official socialist party, but only the Incorrigible Len inist fraction of the same The Stampa announces Glollttl's re turn to parliament, as symbolic of the "sacred union." The clerical press has passed from lukewarm to ardent In declarations of loyalty. The ridicu lous assertion of the Munchener Neueste Nachrlchten that "the candles burning In Italian churches for the victory of German arms cannot be counted" has touched Italian Catholics to the quick and they have not failed to make flttlnr renlr. The Corrlere d'ltalla writes: "Italy Is today arisen In one burst of Indlc nation. Today we affirm our right to defend not only out territory, but our country's name before the world and history," The Seclo calls this period "the new war," and every other paper in northern Italy calls for unheal tatjng decision and strong; action. The passage of allied troops through Piedmont and Lombardy was the ocaslon of touching expressions of affiliation on the part of the popu lation. SUNDAY SCHOOL WORKER DIES. PHILADELPHIA, Nor. 10. The Her Dr. Moieley XI. Williams, for many years associate editor of the American Sunday School Union and ne of the best known Congregational ministers In the United States, died here In the Gerroantown Hospital He was seventy eight years old, and was widely known aa a religious writer. Protect Baby's Skin With Cuticura Soap If mothers would only use Cuticura Soap and Ointment for every-day toilet and nursery purposes how much suffer in; mitjbt be avoided by preventing little (Ian and scalp troubles becoming serious. Cuticura Soap is so pure, sweet anddeansint and Cuticura Ointment so sooth'mr and hcalinr. that it is a t)itv not to use them all the time. Git e baby a hot bath With Cuticura Soap, dry and apply Cuticura Ointment to any rashes, irritations, chafing-, etc Instant relief usually .follows and baby falls into a re freshing sleep. For sample each free hr return mail address pott-card- "Co &-tra,Dt.l3G, Boston." Sold every safer. $Jt " OiDtaeat25ac490c. if5 t "SOMEWHERE ON THE WESTERN FRONT." French OBldal PLotciupa. From Plclorlil rress. Israel Putnam 5th Seeks to Add Glory To Family History Eager to uphold the record of his Illustrious ancestors, Israel Putnam Sth, a direct descendant of Israel Putnam of Revolution ary War fame, M now an active member of the United States Ma rines. Young Putnam sas: "I chose the msrlnes because they see much active service. My family has bec-jme Identified with American history by tsklng part In all wars elnre the Revolution. I hope to do my full share in the present war, but am Killing to give my services as a private and earn promotion as I merit It." Toung Putnam Is rapidly com pleting his training at & marine training camp, and Is awaiting orders for service in France. PITTSBURGH. Nov 10. Lieut Gen. S. B. 11. Toung, U. S. A., In an address to the alumni of Washington and Jef ferson College here, msde a strong plea for the enactment by Congress of an amendment to the draft law so as to Include boys .of the ages of nineteen to twenty-one In a scheme of training for service General Toung urged that the preaent cantonments be used for the training of the three classes proposed Just as soon as those cantonments shall have been vacated by the last Increment of the national army. He insisted this would'not Interfere with the economic life of the nation, nor add any additional expense for train ing quarters, aa present facilities would be made use of. The draft law provides for the dis charge Into civilian life at the end of the war of etery member of the land forcei who shall request such dls charge. This provision, he said, means that at the end of the war there will be nothing left of the great army created, unless plans are made to put universal military training on a permanent basis. NEED FOR GERMAN STUDY GROWS, SAYS US. BUREAU Here's what the United Statea Bu reau of Education has to say of teaching German In public schools, which has been forbidden or restrict ed in many localities: "There Is a general agreement among educatora and public men that there should be no Interference with existing high school and college pro vision for the teaching of German; that a knowledge of German Is more important now than It was before the war." There are nineteen cities, with over 23.009 population each, which still teach German from the kindergarten up. 8ENATOR HUQHES BETTER. Senator Hughes of New Jersey, who was dangerously ill all through last summer, and who was In a hosnltai in this city much of the time, la now at his home in New Jersey recuper ating, and is so far recovered that he hopes to be back In Washington when the session opens Secretary to the President Tumulty, who went in vn, Jersey this week to vote, called on Senator Hughes, who Is sn old per sonal friend, and found him greatly Improved. At one time It waa feared Senator Hughes would not rocever. YOUNG FOR TRAINING YOUTH INGANTONMENTS Modern Times Has charging German company low In not mle. These machines have been playing havoc with the enemy forces In recent drives against Verdun and other points. WELL. AIDE L The appointment of Major Benedict Crowell, adviser to the general muni tlons board, as assistant secretary of war to succeed WlUlam M. Ingraham. was explained today as the first step in centralizing the work of speeding up manufacture of arms and munitions for the Army of nearly ffiOVXD the Unjted States now has In the field. Assistant Secretary Crowell. who Is an officer of the engineer reserve corps and an authority on war munitions, will take over thla branch of war preparation, re lievlng Secretary Baker of much of the detail work that has arisen in connec tion with the gigantic task of arming military force that has been expanded tenfold In the first six months of war. Mr. Ingraham has been named collector of the port of Portland, Me., his home. Announcement hy Dakrr. Secretary of War Baker made the fol lowing official announcement of the change : The President today appointed Wil liam M. Ingraham surveyor of the port of Portlsnd, Me., and the appointment was immediately accepted. By the ac ceptance of the new post Judge Ingra ham returns to his home State, where his parents still reside. "The President has appointed as As slstant Secretary of War Benedict Crowell Mr Crowell is a native of Cleveland, Ohio Immediately after the formation of the National Council of Defense he came to Washington, and became associated with the work of the general munitions board, espe cially in connection with steel pro duction. "He is an engineer by profession, and some months ago was commissioned a major in the engineer corps and put In charge of the Washington office of the Panama Canal in order to relieve Lieutenant Colonel Browne, of the reg ular army, for field service. "Major Crowell will resign his com mission as an engineer officer In order to accept the position of Assistant Sec retary of War." Wilt Work tilth Croiler. Assistant Secretary Crowell will co operate with General Croiler, chief of ordnance, and with the war munitions board In the work of concentrating American manufacturing industries In euppljlnc the army with munitions of war. He will also co-operate with Quar termaster General Sharpe In systema tlzlng the agencies, governmental and private, through which the army In the field and In camp li being sup piled. It la not planned to make any other changes In the Assistant Secretary's office. The office force which served under Assistant Secretary Breckln ridge and was retained by Assistant Secretary Ingraham will continue in the same positions, according to pres ent plans. TO ASK DEATH PENALTY FOR GERMAN PUBLISHERS NEW TORK, Nov 10 If Benedict nd Edwin S. Prleth, former nuhii.h. rs of the Jenr Krele Zeltun, are convicted in m " aiaies autiict . ftt trass) aiwe, .J .a court, uu -- - -. ---wM swsu vio- 'BlsOn Ui " -' " - evt, mm a. rrsuK of utterance! In their paper, the death ....ttv will he deminr!i Mni to United States Attorney Lyncn. er. f.ft A Stare 1tnp... .-u .. Alio uim1" - --.... j Bam mat no act could be more treasonable than a newspaper poisoning the mind, of Its thousands of readers with sedi tious and disloyal remarks. Mr. Hlierei, a cuun.ei ror Prleth and the five defendants, was granted i A . fl'faan Avm . sat- . . a penuu u. .. - .u ...o, n ne . , .! . demurrer !.. . -Valldltr of the Indictment, RUSH WAR JOBS THE WASHINGTON TIMES, EUROPEAN WAR NEWS SUMMARY Withdrawal of British forces to help Italy has apparently had no effect upon the force of Field Marshal Haig's campaign in Flanders. Once more the British troops struck a blow at the Germans northeast of Ypres today and considerable progress was reported by the war office at noon as having- been made in the latest attack. The British struck from their vantage ground beyond the village of Passchendaeie. The artillery had been very active throughout the night and before dawn it rose to the intensity of drumfire. They fol lowed the infantry attacks, delivered northeast of Passchendaeie. Each gain of ground brings the British nearer their chief objective on this front, the Germans' base at Roulera, and one of the bulwarks of their whole Flanders line. J' ITALIANS BEADYFOB STAND. The latest official report from Rome indicates plainly that the Italian high command has determined upon a line alone which tmmate. a definite stand against the Austro well fortified this line for defense, rrencn lorces, nas tne men necessary to hold the new po!iltlgnr7- Everything points to the line of the Piave river as beirrcthgjiius pective battle front. The fighting that is still in progress 'is to the eastward of this stream. Its banks had been fortified before the war and it is a fair assumption that these fortifications have been greatly strengthened since the beginning of the retreat from the Isonzo. The Italian official report states that the troops have been arriving and "establishing themselves on the positions which have been chosen for the resistance." Thirty-sis hoars since, British and French forces were reported "going to the front." GERMAN REPORTS OPTIMISTIC. The German official report at hand today states that the Italians are being pursued toward the Piave river, and the resistance of rear guards is being steadily overcome. This merely implies a continuation of the tactics of delay on the part of Italian cavalry to permit the in fantry units to reach the Piave line. No further captures of prisoners have been announced by Berlin and it is therefore to be assumed that the Italian withdrawal is progressing in orderly fashion. The creation of an inter-allied military committee as a result of the Italian situation and the presence in Rome of French and British military and political leaders should do much toward unifying the efforts of the allies on the whole front from the North sea to the Adri atic The inter-allied committee is, in other words, the establishment of a general allied war board, including an allied general staff. This should result henceforth in the direction of a combined allied campaign against the Austro-Germans in Italy, becoming part and parcel of the allied campaign in France and Flanders. The relief of General Ca dorna from the active command of the Italian forces in the field must be looked upon as an improement, for it cannot hut be admitted that his conduct of the Isonzo battle was attended with costly blunders. ARTILLERY ACTIVE IN FRANCE. In France, the chief activity in the past thirty-six hours has oc curred on the Verdun front. The Germans have maintained an ex tremely heavy artillery fire against the French positions at the Chaume wood, east of the Meuse, and several infantry attacks in considerable force developed. These, according to the Paris reports, were all re pulsed. The British campaign in Palestine is proceeding with signal suc cess against the Turks. The latter are in full retreat along their whole line, with the British In close pursuit. The Turkish left is falling back on ancient Hebron, about thirty-two miles south by west of Jerusalem. The Turkish center and left is retreating toward the Wady Hesu river, already crossed by the British at Herbieh, which was captured. British and French naval forces are co-operating with the British army along the Medierranean coast. Vital Records Dlrtbs. Ollbrrt It and Mamie M TCIUien. slrl. Frederick M and Louise West, slrl. Jmra C anil Eth.l It Wiltons, bor Bemard P and Catherine Htuler, slrl. L011U and Veilllkt ttlertn. tor Wallace T and Helen C Bantburr. slrl. William L. ana Jeannetu Htone, slrl. Georse R and Helen Rober. slrl Robert B and Uatgie. M Rogers. SlrL Albert B and Anna Nalley, boy Jamee W and Addle L McDonald, slrl. David and Sarah Mlncoaky. bor. Joseph and Mollis Klwloff. slrl Harvey W and Cmma Flounioy, boy Matnew and Alice Flnneiran girl Charlea F and Marguerite U Kerry, boy. ltlchaid and Matilda IMetle. boy Ames and Julia W Clary rlrl Harvey U ard Mlldrrd E Onffrry. boy. Kalmon and Anna Hretler. girl John and Zakal Kabathanlan, boy. Abram and Mantle O Ilatton. girl Frank Q and Anna Washington, boy. Moses and Iilancho Porter, boy Samuel and Runlca K Manning, boy. Daniel and Martha Moore, girl. William It and Alberta Oslns. boy. William t and Annie I. Forman, boy. Norrls and Ella U Barnes, girl. Marrlaae Llcensea. lavrence V Appleman, 27. and Margeret M Cogan Zl. both of Washington, DC " tt v lam a W fl'R.l.n John Oliver Sanderson. 18, and Lwta Garfield The Rev. Bamuel H Greene William Vanderbok, 34, and Carolyn Colesar, K. t Chicago. III. The Rev. J. L. Weldsn-kaa. Ma &assaU Lexaomie, St, and J save " SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 1917. None of the Glory jsnnta uxncui raotogrtpa. Flanders, famed In medieval days as "The Lowlands," has long pair of British soldiers resting In a trench which they, with their been a. bloody debating ground for the armies of Europe. It Is companions, have Just captured from the Germans. In the distance desolate country, as may be seen by the accompanying photograph, a shell explosion may be faintly discerned. buDs of tremendous strategic Importance. Hers you may see - - German invaders, hv-apfH'tftly7J and, with the help ofBrttUICB5aJ"'H of the District. Unlng. it. both et Washington. D. C. The .- -" ii ley. W.'"Jf m..' ""eks. ". nd ElUabeth Col- bert. . huth of Mineral, . The Rev. John H Jeffries Joseph Abraham Lewis. Jl. of Chicago. Ill . and Rora It Goldsmith, zs. of Washington, D CT. R'r- ""' rn ".'."T il I0.1.- a- ""d Hybunila M Snead. 'W rt' '"cbmrad. Va The Rev. How- ard F Downs n?.M,e V? T.!"' 3- and Minnie Alchln. II. Jeffrt s Ual",uo, M The Rev. John It B!5!.i,!.,"r.!!: of Nmnor- Va. and Mabel ST.--"- of rlnyra. Va. The Rev. J Dentin. 13 )eara. riltabeth White ylt'rK woa,nn " rrin, i; Kllbourne . iik . xr w h"1 Z ? .??or.T7 3"r"- Blltmore st. LiSZ Xi HtV,'. ". Providence Hos Sophia MIMhllg, r years. Id H st. N. w. i!,-X VESle " rnn- Provident Hos M;s.rr,i,y,o,7oSiv..M '" - Sm.Ki ""'""so. years, lit 7th S W Elwood J Pearson, 17 years U3 F at S W Amos Mllstead. years. Masonic and .East ern Star Horn., Takoma Psrk Paul A. Horn 17 years. 1M Newton st Frank C Scallse, months, (1st st N K. """S.YT?- " . VreedmeSa Hos. Susan White, IS years 622 H st H W 1 DeMiwood01""' " "" ,0O w"ord Pi . HJxV V ,M- Tubereulosl. Hoe. 5HLV? SL?- i. rMr- ChUdren-s Hos Edward Reetes a years. Wash. Aayl Hos. jamu damsu H jrears. Waslu XsyU nasT RECENTLY REQUISITIONED PROM THE ENEMY. AIKA'SPART fN AIR WARFARE . TO BE BOMBING There will be little of the spec tacular In the glory .the American aviators will win "over there." This became evident today when It was learned that the treat fleet of Amerl can airplanes to be sent Into the European warfare will not be combat machines.'- America will concentrate on heavy bombing: machines These machines will do the. heavy offensive work, hut will do little of the pictur esque air flehtlnr which Is chronicled 'dally . The work of bomblnc from air planes Is dancerous work, and ex ceedinely Important. It carries with It the balance of air victory. Jt has been Impossible for the allies to retain permanent air supremacy because they have had to devote their ener Clrs to combat machines. Now the weleht of the air fighting: Is placed upon America In the crest fleet of heavy bomblnc macnines wnicn Araer lea can turn out. and In the American men to man them Ilea the possibility of victory. Far Ahead ( Sehednle. The air prosjram of the United States Is today far ahead of schedule. There Is every evidence that Jrnuary 1 will And American aircraft tar more numerous than the most optimistic ever dreamed of. The original pro cram called for 20,000 macninea ready for service by July 1. It now appears that, with sufficient money appropri ated by Coneress, the United States can turn out more tnan ou.wiu air planes by January 1. 1019. America's air policy. like America's military policy. Is today hanging Are to a certain degree .awaiting action by the allied conference to be held In I'aris shortly. It Is confidently be lieved, however, that the allies In conference will ask the United States to Increase Its air program and to construct heavy fighting machines to the utmost capacity of her factories. Air Poller of America. The air policy of America has been decided only In so fsr as It conerna the type of machines. It Is agreed that with the types of battlo planes changing almost weekly, that Amer ica Is too far from the front to at tempt to keep to the fore In combat machines. Heavy aircraft, sorely needed by the allies, do not change In type so frequently. Hence Amerl. can resources are to be thrown Into this tvDe of mschlne. Rapid strides have been made In aircraft production In the United States in three months. It Is an nounced today that experiments have sucessfully proved that metal tubing. made in America, can supplant the spruce to a large degree now ued In aircraft manufacture. This will do away with the considerable dllficulty In getting spruce from the forests of the Northwest. It Is also announced today that an "all American airplane, equipped with a twelve-cylinder Lioerty motor, has been successfully and successively tested, and found to be equal to any machine of its type now fljlng on the European front." GARTERS AND GAUUSES ARE JEWELRY, SAYS U.S. Garters snd galluses. If adorned with metal, are Jewelry, the commis sioner of Internal revenue has ruled In an Interpretstlon of the war rev enue law. He also ruled that wrist watchees ore Jewelry vthen mounted on a metal bracelet, but not Jewelry when strap, ped to a leather band. Ordinary natrtira ara articles of utility, but or- namented watches are Jewelry, under I uio rutins. of Old-Time Conflict Nepbew of Losdos's New Lord Mayor Plies His Trade as Engraver Here While the new lord mayor of London, the Hon. Charles Alfred Hanson, was being Invested with offlcs yesterday with all the sol emn pomp of that ancient. Cere mony, his nephew, R. Barclay Adams, a well-known Washington engraver, was quietly at work In his office at 1203 F street north west. Mr. Adams Is a Canadian, but has lived In the United States for thirty-five years, the last twenty, flvo of which he has spent In this city. He was' born In Hamilton, Ontario, and was educated at Northampton, Mass. Graduating at the age of thirteen, he went back' to his home, .but soon re turned to this country, where he has remained ever since. He Is a prominent member of the Cham ber of Commerce. With the "War Daddy" erusada closing- today campaigners started early to have the last of the 20.000 "parents" In Washington's quota formally adopted with 13 to the credit of each In the 14,000,000 fund. The Washington campaign com mittee had still A large part of $60. 000 to raise when the crusader start ed out today, but they were confi dent their final appeal to citizens would be sui-ceair.il, and were deter mined to work until midnight. If necessary, to get the full amount. Henry White, former ambassador to France; Mrs. Thomas A. Edison, wife of the inventor; Mrs. John E. Sloan, her daugh r, and a scora of prominent men and women, person ally Joined the cauvasslng committees today and during the forenoon had been successful In getting subscrip tions totaling many hundred dollars. They were confident of large lndlv Idual subscriptions from persons not appealed to In the general canvass adding several thousand dollars to the fund; enough to carry them safe. ly across the JCO.COO line. Mrs. Sloan and Mrs. Gilbert Gros venor, on a commltte to get sub scriptions from tto President, mem bers of his Cabinet and army and navy officials, have been unable to arrange an appointment, but stated today they would probably renew their efforts next week. CONSCRIPT LANDS IN JAIL TORONTO, Nov. 10 Roraeno Brault, a Trench Canadian draughts man In the civil service, was sent to Jail today, for uttering a threat that he would shoot sny military officer who tried to conscript him. DEATHS IIORRIOAN-Departed this life Friday. No vember S. 1'IT. at 4 a. m., at Georgetown Univ. rslty Hospital MARY A HORRIOAN, beloved wlte of Thomas J Jlorrtran. Frlerds r-111 start from SI K street north west, at 10 a m . for funeral at St. Aloy- slus .nuiTB. i g m. 20 McKlUMIB-Departed this Ufa the 7th day of November. 1)17, at Providence Hospital. UAM1K R ltcKUUflS (nee Parker), of Lay Hill. Jfd. Notice of funeral hereafter from her dausbtsr'a residence. Ill Newton street northwest. UNUbHtAKERS" J. WILLIAM LEE. C.tDCKTAKEK AND UlSHT. m Pa. ave. N W. Tlph-T M. Ht WASHIVHTOV D n J-LUhAL UtaibfiS FUNERAL DESIGNS Of iTtry DttttriptJon JtUrU rrtcw. m r .tr. x. jr. 'DADDY' CRUSADE IN HOME STRETCH TO 20,000 FINISH NEW AMP 1 E OF BATTLE-SPIRIT NEW YORK, Nov.lO-The Living Age of Boston several months ago reprinted from an English nagaxlne an article telling of the songs of the German army folk lore and other songs. Three little books, said tha saner, ara 'carried by thr German 6T- dler his prayerbook, his ptyboolc and his songbook. It also told bow an English woman excused herself for her sudden pallor on hearing that war was declared with Germany, saying: "I am not, afraid of their numbers, nor of their guns, nor of their perfect organization, but I am afraid of their songs." Oar Government, too, wants a suss ing army. The War Department at Washington has Just sent a teacbar of songs to the officers training camp at Plattsburg. and It la very stirring to bear tha 3,00 men la that camD alna- the sonci and van their hats In time to tha band a remladtr of the great songc of the civil war aunr hv millions In blue. One song la a corker, a sinister one with a crash on the saw you and a whir on tha rapid Ore. A verse reads: Keen your head down- Allamand: Keep your bead down, Allemand. Last night, by the pale moonugni We saw you we saw you: Teu were mending your broken wire When we opened rapid fire. If you want to see your Vater In der vateriand. Keep- your head down, Allemand. Another song Is 'The Long, Long Trail." written by two Tale men and reprinted by publishers everywhere, as was "Tlpperary." This, however. is pure American. Also anotner, -i May Be Gone a Long. Long Time.' and. of course. -Keep tee Home fires Burning" and "Over There." Three) thousand men In uniform of the type that are at Plattsburg. ctose packed. when they sing these lift the roof off It is a great sight to see the hats waving or the soldiers standing at salute during "The star-spangiaa Banner" and people from miles around Plattsburg come to see thla great sight. ULIUOKALANI NEARS DEATH AT HONOLEU HONOLULU, Nov. 10. The con dition of former Queen Lllluokalanl la so critical there Is little hope of bar recovery, say her physicians. The former queen hss been In. poor health many months. Recently she seemed to lose all of the antipathy she felt toward the United Statea for the loss of her kingdom, and she sub scribed liberslly to the first Liberty loan. ADVERTISEMENT. BE CAREFUL WHAT YOU TAKE FOR C0L1S The danger In using patent medic Ines Is from the rtimu lants and dan gerous drugs which many or them depend on for their tern porary effect. Because It I free from alco hoi, narcotics and dangerous drugs. Father John's Medicine has had CD years of sue cess as a tonic and body builder, for throat troubll and in the treatment nf rnmrhl ud colds., Father John's Medicine Is a. idoctors prescription pure and whole. wmt. Guaranteed. HAV SHARPTANG sbbbbbbT&S-''nwv. NaH la V.