r ,9--'s-ri. -'
No Coal for D. C.
The Potomac's Wasted Power.
Mr, Sir, Baron, Viscount.
Quick Work in France.
In Washington, just enough
coal to last four days.
While ypn read that, you re
member that there is enough
Power going to waste in the Po
tomac river to light the city, run
tho street cars, and save thousands
oi tons of coal daily.
If this city governed itself, or
If those that Idndly govern it
thought more about the people and
less about selfish corporation in
terests, the Potomac would have
been harnessed long ago, and tie
street cars, owned by the people,
would be run by power owned by
Shortage of coal also recalls this
Fifteen hundred ears were
taken empty from the upper part
of New York Btata all the
"way THROUGH WASHINGTON
AND OUT TO MICHIGAN loco
motives, workers, time wasted.
With the right management
those fifteen hundred cars could
hare brought SEVENTY-FIVE
THOUSAND TONS OF COAL
TO THIS CITY, from the Penn-
Slvania fields, on their way to
Something loose somewhere in
ear "magnificent .system of pri
Tately owned wdlroads."
Xcrd Northcliffe a Viscount.
First he was Alfred Harms
worth, then Sir Alfred, then Lord
Northcliffe, a .Baron.
Now he Is a Viscount Soon he
will be a Marquis, and later if he
can ran his newspapers -without
losing circulation and also without
offending the King, he -win be a
Duke, and the clock will strike
Not a bad idea for Kings, this
fiving of new names every little
while It gives a patriot some
thing to work for and think abosrt.
Wise Napoleon invented the red
ribbon of the Legion of Honor
so that he might give something
Let me put this little ribbon on
a man's coat, said he, and 111 make
any Badical a Conservative.
Over hers, the people cannot
make an ambitions man a Duke,
so he. exploits-some monopoly and
makes himself a hundred-time mil
lionaire. Perhaps the knight baron, 'vis
count marquis, duke business
"WBBlahe cheaper, although, jf
eoorsHrwouia hurt the feelings
of Thomas Jefferson's ghost
Secretary HeAdoo announces
that the Bureau of War Bisk in
Us department has reduced rates
on American steamers and cargoes
traversing the war zone from 6
per cent to 4 per cent-
On October 6 the rate was re
duced from 6 per cent to 6 per
Think this over in connection
with Government ownership. How
often do you observe privately
owned concerns voluntarily reduc
ing rates in this wayT Not VEBY
"With the aid of the French
ambassador" twenty-five per cent
will be taken off the amount of ma
terial used in making women's
dresses in 1918. And forty per cent
is to be saved in the material used
for men's clothes. The influence
of the French ambassador was
used in Paris.-
Next year's fashions win be in
teresting. The effort to convict a lady of
murder because she killed her hus
band progresses with interesting
variations. The lady's lawyer says
that she hsd "a little bit of bone
pressing upon her brain" and she
also v had "hypothyreosis" if yon
know what we mean.
A bone pressing on the brain,
and something wrong with the thy
roid gland may have helped the
murder. But the real trouble, and
handsome young men should re
member it It failure of the late
lamented to keep the bargain that
he alreadv made, "till death do n
part" Death them did part, with
the help of a revolver, not because
of a little piece of bone or the thy
roid gland, but because the hus
Busslan regiments in France,
full of "love one another" enthu
siasm, decided to end the war with
a little mutiny. French cannon
quicUr and wisely settled that
and the Russian mutineers will
find graves In republican French
soil. Lucidly for the world the
French do not try to march in six
directions at once.
However, this unavoidable
French episode will create further
trouble in Russia. We might even
live to see Russian leaders, cajoled,
and rewarded by Germany, uniting
with Prussia in the fight against
dvi'ization. Stranger things have
Write this down on your cuff
and look at It occasionally.
Either this country will win this
war, wkich it toitt, or it will take
orders from some one of those six
young Hohenzollerns living and
ruling here as the English repre-
KQUUirv uvcu iu uu uviure .1440,
U. S. DESTROYERS SINK GERMAN
IN MEXICO IS
Sympathy Always With Central
Empires, Official Organ De
clares in Bitter Attack on
U. S. Government.
By DAVID LAWRENCE.
(OapTtiitt, KIT, by Nr Torfc Evesdng- Put
German propaganda and intrigue
in Mexico is again causing friends
of that country here serious con
cern. Officials of the United States
Government are plainly puzzled by
the attitude of the-Mexicans, par
ticularly over the discrimination
against American newspaper corre
spondents. The recent deportation of
Jack Boyle, correspondent of the As
sociated Press in Mexico, certainly
produced a very unfavorable impres
sion in State Department circles,
where the matter was made the sub
ject of protest to the Mexican gov
Was Friendly With Carranza.
Ordinarily the Deparimnt,""of State
takes no Interest In the troublu of
correspondents abroad, but the pres
ent instance appears to be one In
which the Influence of the German
minister In Mexico was directly or In
directly Involved. Mr. Boyle, who Is
a brother of EdwInDsteon Boris, the
playwright, has beeifea friendly
term with the high offlrtols tof the
Mexican government and accorapan
ledFlrst Chief Carranxa, tn revoln
tlonary days -on his northern trips.
Be has never hsd the slightest diffi
culty with the authorities, always
submitting- his dispatches to the cen
sor and making no attempt to evade
Whenever, In the last few weeks,
however, he has attempted to de
scribe the activity of the German
minister In Mexico anything that
seemed to reflect upon Herr Ton Eck
hardt was carefully deleted from his
dispatches. Comparison of the mes
sages received by the Assoclatsd
Press In this country with those orig
inally submitted to the censor in
Mexico City shows that some one In
the Mexican censorship bureau has
been plainly Influenced by German
0 racial s.
Deported Without Cause.
But while Mr. Royle was Ignorant
of the treatment his dispatches were
receiving-, he kept on Aline messages
with the sensor and was finally de
ported for the mere act of submitting
to the censor a story not to the tat
ter's liking. It hss been customary
the world over to refuse to send mes
sages which did not meet with the
approval of the censor, but to deport
a correspondent for simply showing a
manuscript to' the censor is unprec
edented. What U still puzzling here
Is that the three messages which Mr.
Royle submitted and to which objec
tion wss taken twere promptly pub-
Hshed by the Mexican newspapers as
a Justification for the government's
Two of the messages emoted from
articles already printed In the Mexi
can press to the effect that rebels in
Oaxaca and Chiapas were armed with
ammunition bearing German marks,
and that the ammunition has appar-
nuy reacnea Mexico from Cuba, to
which place in 1014 Germany is sup
posed to have consigned sunnlies In
tended for the use of Huerta In revo
lution against the Carranza regime
after the exiled a-eneral had r-h.A
America from Spain.
Foretold Actual Events.
The third message told of a story
that was being passed around In well
Informed circles In Mexico City to the
effect that Mexico's foreign policy
might undergo a change while Presi
dent Carranza left the capital on a
visit. The absurdity of the last men
tloned story was commented upon
when Mr. Royle was deported, yet no
expression was given as to why the
message was not merely held up in
the capital, as it was Mexico's pre
rogative to do. and why Mr. Royle
was suddenly arrested a few hours
after he had died the message and
put on a train for the border without
even the opportunity to pack his be
longlnrs or see the American ambas
sador. Another odd part of the case Is
that exactly ten days after Mr. Royle
was deported for hinting of a change
In foreign policy, the Cauterio. one
of the newspapers which claims to be
the. official organ of the revolutionary
(Continued on Page 12, Column 3 )
The Sixth Field Artillery Was the U. S. Unit Which Fired the First
In France. Some Splendid
SOON TO I
Radical Pooling of Carrier In
terests Being Worked Out to
Relieve Transportation Con
A revolution In American railroad
methods is being worked out today
to relieve war transportation conges
tion. Pooling of railway interests and
equipment to "the most radical aid
revolutionary extent ever dreamed
of," it was officially stated, Is shortly
to be announced.
The plans do not contemplate total
elimination of passenger service on
any line, but further curtailment in
the number and "luxury" of such
trains Is certain.
Favor "Luxury" Embargo.
An embargo on carrying of non
war products Is not within the rail
roads' own powers, but their recom
mendations that brewery products,
candy. Jewelry, and about S00 other
nonessentials should sot he trans
ported ahead of war materials have
found favor with the Government pri
Details of the railways'" -voluntary
war regulations were withheld while
the railroads' war board her and
meetings of railway executives in
other cities were going over the final
Today's meeting of 'the railroads
war board here wss also Attended by
Fuel Administrator OatBelA. Food
Dictator Hoover, Chairman Hurley of
(Continued on. Page X, column 0.
'Saloonless" Washington is nearly
as wet as ever.
This wss demonstrated at the close
of police court today, when a tabu
lation for the week shoved that 74
men had been arrested for being In
toxicated on the city's streets. This
Is an average of a little more than
10 a day and compares with msny
weeks during the open saloon when
DO arrests was considered a fair aver
age. The low mark for the week was
reached today, when only two cases
of intoxication were set for trill.
Carroll J. Hoshall, white, and Eu
gene Stewart, negro, were arrested,
charged with driving automobiles
while Intoxicated. Recti secured a
continuance of the case to next week.
The highest number was tried last
Monday, when 4V cases of Intoxica
tion were disposed of by trial or for
feiture of bond. On Frldsy there
were 10 cases, on Tuesday and
Thursdsy and 6 on Wednesday
There were Ave convictions during
the week for selling whisky and one
conviction for giving It away
In the great majority of arrests for
intoxication the liquor wss bought
In Baltimore, according to statements
SALOONS SHUT FOR 80LDIER8.
KANSAS CITT.MO, Nov. 24 Mayor
George H. Edwards announced today
he would Issue a proclamation ordering-
the closing; of all saloons in the
city tomorrow because of the visit
here of 6.000 soldiers for a parade
and football same.
IN ONE WEEK IN
5,707 Lines of Advertising (20 Cols.)
Over the Corresponding Day (Nov. 24) Last Year
WASHINGTON. SATURDAY EVENING. NOVEMBER '24. 1917. Omi Id Stmt Prim.
Great Pubb'c Meeting
At Convention Hall
All Are Invited, Uniformed
At this great gathering of
all the Masonic bodies of the
city addresses will be made
Secretary of War Baker,
Secretary- of Navy Daniels,
Lieut CoLH. A. White,
Brit;. Gen. Guglielmotto,
Lieut CoL A. C. Murray,
Capt J. Rouvier.
Two Bands and Two Glee Clubs
Will Provide Patriotic Music.
The HertUg Begins at TOO,
Come Early to Get a Seat
No Admission Charged.
Dr. Louis F. ZInkhan. supertnten
dent of the Washington Asylum and
Jail, has no right to transfer prisoners
sentenced to the District Jail to the
workhouse at Occoquan, according to
a ruling today by Justice Bits In the
case of Joseph W. Croft, against Dr.
In announcing his ruling. Justice
Hits cut the jury's verdict of 12.500
In half, stating that while Dr. ZInk
han had no right to send Croft to
Occoquan, he believed the damages
awarded an excessive penalty to
assess for a misconception of the
scope of the superintendent's duty.
The original unit was for a&VOOOt.
The court ordered that unless Mr.
Croft consents to accept 11.250 within
ten days the motion against, Dr. Zlnk
han's attorneys f6r a new trial would
be (ranted. The court declined to
compel the defendant Dr. ZInkhan to
waive the right of appeal as a. con
dition to the reduction of the verdict.
Croft alleged In his snlt for dam
ages that-he was subjected to the In
dignities of having his mustache cut
off, his head shaved and a hose turned
on Mm for a bath In a public place In
the Jail yard at Occoquan and that
he only bad been ordered to the Dis
trict Jail until he paid the arrears
of alimony, from whence he might
have been released on the day he
made this payment.
"OFF TO BERLIN," CRY
MEN LEAVING MEADE
CAMP MEADE, ADMIRAL Md.. Nov.
24. "Good by 'till we meet In Berlin 1"
was the shout today from men of the
Jltth Machine Gun Battalion as members
of that unit marched away on the flrst
lap of the Journey.
These men are part of a force of about
450 going to San Antonio to Join the
aviation section of the signal corps.
Tney will rank as privates.
The names of the 312th men follow:
Unclassified Richard Odea. R. T.
Bryan. I A. Thompson, R, W. Darr, O.
A. Young, R. Ll Kummer. Fred Gooch.
Clarence J. Harman. and Bernard J.
Stenographers I. E. Green. R. I. Bon
ner, W. A. Li) on.
Engineers' Apprentices Wlllard Un
ruth, O. W. Boday, Charles Brey. and
Welders refer Zuhawsky. James IL
Crawford, Dan McCIaskey, P. J Coyne.
Auto truck drivers John Ryan and J.
U.S. HAS IN TREASURY
The working balance of -aah in the
Treasury today was the largest since
the United States entered the war.
The net balance was Jl.S8,S4,7a. Of
this sum ll.tl4.034.0O) was provided by
payments on the second Liberty Loan.
EDGAK D. SHAW,
M MUSI 11 BE
COAL CARDS WILL BE ISSUED IN
CAPITAL IF SHORTAGE CONTINUES
Drastic Measure Already Assur
ed for Beginning of Next Coal
Year, in April, May Be Put in
Washington may be put npon a
coal card rationing system at once.
Federal Fuel Administrator John
L. Weaver Is giving serious consid
eration to such a plan. He has al
ready determined to put such a sys
tem in operation in Washington with
the .beginning of the next coal year,
Unless there is an increase in coal
stocks in Washington this plan of
making the coal supply go around
will be put in effect earlier.
Coal Supply Low.
With the first' real f reeling weather
Washington's available coal supply
for household consumers, who are
without any'auppllei or .have, at best
a very limited quantity, is at the low
est ebb today ltias reached in several
weeks. Receipts -during the. present
week have been very few. due. to
Approximately 1,000 tons was re
ceived today over the lines of the
Baltimore and Ohio railroad. This
v-ill not nearly meet the demands that
ere being- made. Despite the fact that
como dealers haVe no coal, and prac
tically all others have a very limited
stock, complaints of suffering from
lack of fuel made to the fuel admin
istrator arc, falling off. The situa
tion is relieved, Mr. Weaver stated
todry, by many families having a
wnter supply and making no de
mands, thus easing the pressure for
the lets arrivals.
1,300 Tens en Wy Here. j
Mr. Weaever received renorta to-1
day showing th.t the Philadelphia
Reading Coal & Iron Co. put on the
rails during the past six days 1,200
tons of anthracite coal billed to
Washington. This Is now en route
somewhere on the Pennsylvania.
Supplies for this city have been
tied up by congestion of the Balti-
(Contlnucd on Page 2, Column 3.)
$1,200,000 TO BE
The new Rlalto Theater, construc
tion of which has commenced at
Ninth and G streets, is only the flrst
of a string of six theaters to be built
In Washington, at an expenditure of
11,200,000. according to an announce
ment made today by Tom Moore.
The new circuit will also Include
the two Moore theaters now In opera
tlon, the Strand and the Garden. A
12.000,000 corporation has been formed
to do business under the name of
Tom Moore's Theatrical Enterprises,
Inc. It will take over the old Tom
Moore's Amusement Enterprises Cor
poration. In addition to the downtown thea
ters, of which there will be four, four
new theaters will be built In the resi
dential districts. The first of these
BUILT BY MOORE
I. to go up In Mt. Pleasant It will'ars more prone t0 be affected than
he a large house, seating 2.200. f. , n.rlon, 0f heavier build. wh
The corporation la now buying
options on the other four new thea
ters, and the sites and plana for the
ame will shortly be announced, to
. .. - i
gether with the names of many
prominent Washington financiers In
terested In the corporation.
The new corporation will be the
franchise holderr. of t.,e First Na-
tlonal Exhibitors' Circuit for the Dls.
trict of Columbln. Maryland, and Del-
aware, a 120 000 000 syndicate of
?. ilvho ow..r. ,.. ' rl
Its Famous Batteries in Tomorrow's Sunday Times.
Russian Envoy Here Breaks
The Busfiian. embassy here broke on all aUegiaaca
to the Bolsheviki government this afternoon.
In a message to Secretary Lansing, Ambassador
Bahkmetieff declared that he would remain at his post
but had authorized other members of the embassy to
Several attaches and Boseian diplomats have re
signed. Jean SooMne, first secretary, has applied, for
admission in the American army.
MINEOLA. K. T, Kot. 24. Waiting
to go on the witness stand to tall her
dramatic story- of crushed romance
and bleak tragedy, Mrs. Blanca da
Saulles today was heartened by
visit with her son, little Jack, for
whose sake she killed her divorced
husband,- John L. de Saulles.
The 4ad was brought to her room
in Mlneola jail. Meanwhile her at
torneys prepared, for the flarht next
week tsjirs her from, the electric
Dfary ef Broke Heart.
Forecasts of the story indicate It
will be the diary of a slowly break
When the defense counsel, Mr. Uter-
jhart outlined it In his opening state
ment, two Jurors wept. The little
Chilean girl wife now called "the
white widow" is to tell how, alone
In a strange land, after a rosy court
ship and marriage, her hopes were
blighted and her spirit crushed when
the man she loved neglected her and
equandered her fortune on other
It la believed the names of promt.
inent persons will be hrourht In. The
mention of "Miss Jo," a Broadway
Dancing favorite, has already been
!" ' UIV J "h", "!
Manchester Duke Ffgare.
The Duke of Manchester, his steam
yacht, and his cargo of Broadway's
choicest, will also figure.
The greatest alienist in the country,
Utcrhart promised, will testify Mrs. De
K91l119 W nnt ...nAn.lM. what. ti
I killed the man. Goaded by neglect.
and abuse, suffering from pressure on
the brain from a fractured skull. It is
argued that her mind went blank When
as a last straw De Saulles tried to re
tain the child her only Joy.
There Is great Interest In the evidence
to be Introduced .by the defense. Some
of these are letters written by Mrs. De
They say they will prove the slain
man a fortune hunter who married
Blanca Errasulr for her money, and
llnslly reduced her to the white, frail
'crushed Illy" that alts In court day after
day, dully apathetic for the most part
as the fight for her life goes on.
MRS. DE SAULLES' MALADY
Hyperthyreosls, or hyperthyroidism.
as it is referred to by Washington
alienists, an affection of the thyroid
gland, from which the attorney for
Mrs. Blanca DeSaulIes says she was
suffering when she shot to death her
husband, and on which he will base a
plea of emotional Insanity, causes an
increased function of this gland, pro
ducing nervousness and sensitiveness
to excitement and harsh treatment.
Norm&l Dtrioni, of an lm&rlnathre
, am! ATHnalMHal nalilP and 1 f !. t htifljfj
,. inoiin. to be lasv and not r.-
sponslve to the ordinary human emo
.-.-..- - - . --
tions, according to physicians at the
Government Hospital for the Insane.
Has mssllaa Features,
Dr. Edward Hiram Reede, a special
ist In thyroid gland diseases, today
defined the meaning of this ailment
. . ... n-.. i...vi
L" lay "rm V? th"' ,"" ;.,.
Times. He agreed that this defense
was novel, and would prove one of
(Continued on Page 2, Column 8.)
SON N If
AMSTERDAM, Nor. 24V-Russlaa
soldiers have already abandoned their
advanced positions against German
and Austrian troops on various parts
of the front, according to the Frank
furter Zeltung- The newspaper today
printed dispatches from Ternopol
stating that the Russians wen preparing-.
t complete" evacuation 'of
QrxymaJow said Skelst. . ,-
COPENBAOENj Nov. t-JToanat
negotiations for su. armistice have
opened on the-eastern tfront between
the Germans and Russians, according
to dispatches received today by the
Text et Peace Terms.
Germany's peace terms to Russia
Involve Austrla-IIunrarr. Hmiminli
Bulgaria, and Turkey, according to
information received her today.
It was declared on good authority
that the following are the chief prop
ositions laid down by the Kaiser:
1. Poland to be lndenendent under
2. Austria to get an Indemnity from
3. Bulgaria to get Sobrudja, and to
control the mouth of the Danube for
Austrian and German "commercial
. Turkey to regain all the territory
overrun by Russian troops and to be
accorded trade routes In Persia and
the Caucasus previously held by
HAIG REPORTS FURTHER
GAINS NEAR CAMBRAI;
MANY GUNS TAKEN
LONDON. Nov. 2. Further gains
around Cambral were reported by
Field Marshal Hair today, us an-
(Contlnued on Page 2, Column 1.)
Fearing Alonxo O. Bliss may dis
pose of the gTeattr rart of his wealth
and property, valued at about 12,000,
000, in favor of the children by his
first wife, and thtreby practically de
prive his -second wife upon his death
of her dower rights In his estate,
Mrs. Eva Jackson Bliss today peti
tioned the court to Issue an order
restraining Mr. B.iss from disposing
of any of his property
Mrs. Bliss' suit Is brought by her
mother, Mrs. Sallle F. Jackson and
her sister. Vivid U. Holmes, through
attorneys Eugens A. Jones and
Charles C. Tucker. The court is ask
ed to compel Mr Bliss to pay for
Mrs. Bliss' msin'tnsnce out of his
own Income; to irpo nt a trustee" to
tske care of her and her property;
to make compensation to her for the
value of her dowc- rights In all of
her husband's rest -state at this time,
in place of her dnwer rights when
the estate is divraea upon his death;
to require Mr. lil.s to make an ac-i
counting of his management of his
and her property,
Shells on American Front
PRICB VYITHIX 'DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, le,
1 30 OF CREW
Damaged Undersea Craft Wfwn
free! On Submerge Cortm
to Surface awl DMtriytr
Takes Crew Off.
American destroyers wMen are. ac
counting for a steadily increasias;
number of German wbsurhM, have
sunk another U-boat, accordlnz t
dispatches from Admiral Suns today.
A depth charge dropped by a
American destroyer apparently dam
aged the U-toat. She was- 4500 yarsb
away when the lookout first sighted
the periscope; Subsequently she
emerged, and the destroyer opened
fire on her.
It was learned Doaitrrelv iMm ssf.
Kernoos that all jseatfeerr tie eew
ol w dmafcled , y t . wstw .
eaptire oy tie AgwriwaaWttliiiSg.
. CBeat Sink.
"While two American patrol veamla
toyed, with" "the victim of their dta
charsev trying; to take her captive.
tn U-boat sank.
The American vessels which figured.
In this engagement were censored
Admiral Sims, in rsportinr the at
tack to the Navy Department, omit
ted roent!onNf the destroyer's name.
The American patrol boat drove
full speed over the- spot where the
periscope was seen, at the same time
dropping a depth charge, evidently
disabling- the U-boat.
The offtcjal statement by Secretary
"Dlipatches received from Admiral
Sims states that a Oimui n.luut
has been accounted for by American
destroyers operating in European
waters. While on patrol duty the
destroyer sighted a periscope 400
yards off. Immediately ringing- up
full speed 'ahead, the commanding- of
ficer headed his .craft to pass a few
yards ahead of the submarine. As the
destroyer passed over the U-boat's
course a depth charge was dropped.
This evidently caused damage ta
the U-boat which shortly afterward
came up about 500 yards away.
V. S- Obm Fire.
Tire was Immediately opened on
the submarine by two of our destroy
ers which circled about their target.
-The submarine did not return the
fire and was evidently disabled. One
of the destroyers got a line to her
Intending- to tow here, but the boat
"The entire U-boat crew has been
The usual German U-boat carries a
crew of thirty men. It is possible"
that some of the crew were killed in
the battle that preceded the capture
of the underwater catt.
A similar victory which probably
saved transports In a convoy was
made public yesterday In Secretary
Daniels refusal to accept decorations
for the American officers participat
ing. Adopts British Flasu
The Navy Department has adopted
the British policy of declining to give
out any Information as to the fate of
the crews of captured U boats. The
purpose of withholding this news Is
to create anxiety In the minds of the
German people and to encourage the
spirit of mutiny among u-ooal crews.
Several rebellions among crews of
the Kaiser's underwater craft when
they were ordered to eea have been
resorted from German submarine
bases on the Belgian coast.
U.S. JOINS HUNT
FOR U-BOATS WITH
NEW YORK. Nov. '24v The New
rork Tribune today prints a dispatch
from Washington saying that "one
"T " ".'" ""-
,mra ol "" M" " suom...
(Continued on Page 3, Column,)
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