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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, December 10, 1917, FINAL EDITION, Image 1

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Poor Hungarian Nobles.
Eat Turnips, Four Pounds.
Wanted, Dynamite Rain.
Hungarian noblemen married to
'.American female fortunes are wor-
gftjd now that war is declared on
: Austria-Hungary.
These gentlemen one of whom
married a Vanderbllt are pained
by the thought that all their hard
work, may go for nothing.
They planned, of coarse, to spend
all the money their wives had, and
now the Government of the United
States may prevent It
Wouldn't that be too bad?
Wiley tells yon that yon needn't
worry about expense because you
can live for 13 cents a day if you
are a man of sedentary habits
on a pound of wheat or some other
grain, and a pound of potatoes,
plus one pint of milk or an ounce
of butter. '
If you dont want the pound of
potatoes, four pounds of turnips
will do.
The trouble Is that oven a man
of sedentary habits has hardly the
time to eat fonr pounds of turnips,
to say nothing of the Inclination.
Man, sedentary or otherwise, pre
fers to let the cow eat the turnips
then he eats her and gets the
four pounds of turnips condensed.
Not very cheerful news from
Secretary Baker today. The Ger
mans are more powerful than ever.
They have driven back the English
from Cambral the great victory
there being temporary.
Masses of German soldiers are
brought from the Russian front to
fight on the 'West The Secretary's
statement says plainly: "Prepare
for-bad news and make up your
minds for a hard war."
Other bad news Is coming.
Hundreds of thousands of Ger
man prisoners are in Russia.
These -will "be set free to murder
the Allies by the benevolent .Rus
sian maniac, the bear that acts
like an idiot
Secretary Baker does well to take
the public Into his confidence and
let the grown men of the country
know bad news as well as good
news. jf?
Germany is strong in men; so is
the United States, Germany, aft
er three years of war, is marvelous
In power end resources. The United
States, barely beginning the war.
Also has power and resources.
To the, young men that have
gone to fight, to the older "men
that direct the news that we lave
offhand 'nl' ma uar, sad-tfctre
did not golin just in ffine'to'help
despatch a weakened enemy, will
be good news. . .
As long as the United States
had to fight, it is as well that the
country should show what it can
do, show not only Germany but
the whole world. ,No man knows
when the fightingjage wiU pass, or
who will be the next enemy.
A hundred and ftfty Italian fly
ing machines, dropping dynamite,
have done much to disorganize the
German attack and they dropped
only z.ooo Domes in aii.
What would a hundred thou
sand American flying men do to
the German people, each flier drop
ping 100 small bombs? And when
will a hundred thousand start work
above the dear Fatherland?
A hundred thousand flying ma
chines could drop ten million small
dynamite bombs every twenty-four
And ten million dynamite explo
sions divided Impartially every
day among seventy millions of
people in e territory no larger
than Texas would make the Ger
mans take an interest in peace.
Our compliments to Commis
sioner Gardiner, who thinks the
" District of Columbia does not need
a vote.
He himself is the living proof
that the District DOES need to
vote. With the District voting,
the District would select its own
Mr Malone gave up a good job
to detote soul and body to the
ladles of the picketing movement
Therefore he is sincere.
When he says that the plcketers
helped to win New York for suf
frage, be Is mistaken.
New York voted for woman suf
frage In spite of the plcketers, in
fluenced largely by the fact that
the President used all of his influ
ence for suffrage in New York
People in Halifax are grateful
for aid from the Red Cross. They
are grateful also undoubtedly to
the United States Navy which
sent 40,000 woolen blankets by ex
press to the sufferers as soon as
the bad news came.
The Government of the United
States possesses a certain effici
ency, which the people will gradu
ally come to recognize.
There is a small revolution in
S&Portugal. The former minister to
.jpGermany Is made head of the tem
2g5porary government More of the
German plotting that has been
- seen in Mexico, in the Argentine,
. in this country and elsewhere.
What has the Kaiser promised
concerning Portugal; to whom did
he promise it; what power wants
the Portuguese monarchy restored,
jsith the Gaby Deslys trimmings!
NUMBER 10.373.
International Policing of Seas,
Nations Contributing Ac
cording to Wealth, Beljeved
Approved by President.
(Copjttxht, 1J17, br New Tork'ETerung Port
America's idea of what shall con
stitute naval disarmament after the
war has hitherto been expressed only
in vague terms, but Secretary Dan
iels, with the approval of President
WHscn, today announced that the
United States would be willing to
contribute Its share to an Interna
tional navy of sufficient force "to l
give validity to the international de
cree" of the peace conference.
Peace Council International.
TheJSecretary of the Navy, dealing;
with the subject of International dis
armament In his annual report, just
available, crave. Indeed, tie first clear
Idea of what the tJnlted States might
propose when the nations of the
world are s-alherad tnth.i- n n..r.
council to decide how the security of
the world shall be guaranteed In the
future. I
Mr. Daniels' proposals are directly
In line with the. President's previous-
ly expressed position on a League to1
Enforce Peace so much so thatr this
phase of the annual report, undoubt-
Mr. Wilson before Its publication, .
Matssnewt" T5 j
Becrcary-isameis wrHes
"The Immediate tope for a world
wide agreement -of the navy-building
nations for a reduction of armaments
through joint action, wlheh I have
urged In every previous report, can.
not be cherished now that all the
world Is at war.
"But If this condition could npt be
reached In time of peace, may we not
(Continued on Page 16, Column 3.)
Distribution That Doesn't Dis
tribute Won't the Fuel Administration Gentlemen Explain Less and
Furnish More Coal to a Freezing Public?
An organization bearing the pleasant-sounding name of
the District Fuel Administration seems to think that the way
to solve the coal shortage is to say that none exists.
We trust that these officials are not of the kind who be
lieve that a matter has been satisfactorily settled when
somebodies have succeeded in getting themselves appointed
to something.
Newspapers will be patient and noncritlcal in the case
of big men with big jobs, with new and unsolved problems.
But in this case the thing dwindles down to the very
simple questions "Have you any coal?" and "If you have,
why don't you distribute it?"
It is not so much patience and emphasis that is required
by the public. Kind words distribute no coal, but occasion
ally a sharp stick applied to the individuals that ought to
do something more than talk has a good effect.
Reporters for this newspaper offered twenty dollars
a ton to one hundred coal dealers, the biggest and the
smallest, in Washington and not one would agree to deliver
a ton of coal at that price.
W. S. Ufford, superintendent of the Associated Chari
ties, was unable to get coal this morning for families in great
need. Other charitable organizations report the same in
ability to obtain fuel. This despite the fact that Mr. Snead,
of the Fuel Administration offices, is quoted in the Post
as saying "There is more coal in Washington and coming
into Washington than ever before."
We understand that Mr. Snead was a great success as
the agent in Washington of a big coal company. Our im
pression is that, a big coal company is an institution able
to bear with Christian equanimity the news that little
people can't get coal
Perhaps if Dr. Garfield would put in charge of Wash
ington's coal distribution somebody who would know what
it was to go WITHOUT coal, coal distribution would be more
We understand it is thought desirable to keep Berlin
from rejoicing at the news that Washington is short of
coal, and, therefore, nothing should be said about the short
age .here.
?-We suggest that instead of saying nothing, the right
psychological effect can be produced in Berlin by seeing
to it that the people of Washington HAVE COAL, and
this suggestion we humbly submit to Mr. Snead, and to the
discoverers of Mr. Snead. i
West Virginia Miners
Lose Injunction Case
Before Supreme Court
The Supreme Court today de
clared the officers of the United
Mine Workers In West Virginia
had used unlawful means In at
tempting to unionise the mines
of the Hltchman Coal and Coke
Company. The court upheld the
decision of Federal Judge Dayton
that the union was guilty of un
lawful and malicious conduct. s
The coal company sued for an
Injunction to restrain the mine
workers' union from causing1 a
strike In an effort to unionise the
company's mine.
Despite assurances from coal admin
istration officials that plenty of coal 1
to be had In Washington, the cold wave
today disclosed many cases of suffering
due to lack of fuel.
Reports from the missions and other
quarters are that doxens of families have
not nen one lump of-coal to face the
coldest weather of the winter, and have
been unable to get assurances of any
immediate alleviation of the situation.
Charities Caaut Aid.
Not only families able to buy coal
were unable to get It but for the
first time in the history of the -Asso-
elated Charities In Washington It
was imable to furnish Adequate re-
Hf."When district workers beganf Ms
morning to send In reports. . .
There was not sufficient coal avail-
able to. car for ..the families Unable
to buy coat aald W. S.'TJfford, super.
lntendent of the Associated Charities.
this mornlnr. arter several hours
spent at the telephone in 'an effort
Jly available for- casts -whasswe-oor
f amities' were -for&d"W,rettifiinTw 1ed
la oraer to xeep warra.
Meaey. Bat-STo CeaL
"We are having the same trouble
In getting coal the other people in
Washington are having, said Mr.
Ufford. "It doesn't seem to be a case
of having the money to buy It, bat
of It being Impossible to buy It. The
Associated Charities, of course, buys
the Coal and fuel It distributes to
(Continued on Page 2, Column 8.)
Clifford V. DeForest, Radio
Operator, Reported fSaved.
U-Boat Picks Up One Sur
vivor, Identity Unknown.
Navy officials today abandoned
hope of later reports adding more
names to the list of 44 survivors
from the crew of 108 of the U. 8. S.
Jacob Jones, sent down by a Ger
man submarine In the barred zone
Thursday afternoon.
Reports last night added to the
list of dead a Washington boy. Lieut.
Stanton Frederick Kalk. who died
from exposure In the open sea, but
brought Joy to the heart of Mrs. Clif
ford Vernon DeForest, 48 U street
northwest, by listing her' husband,
chief radio electrician, among the
Re had been given up for lost when
his name did not appear on the earli
er lists. The dispatches gave no fur
ther details of the escape of Lieut.
Comdr. David Worth Bagley, but
gave the names of seventeen more
men In the list .of forty-four surviv
ors. Captive on U-Bost
The name of one of the forty-four
probably will not be known until after
the war. He was picked? up. by the
submarine which, sent IhoXfcCbb Jones
down, probably with iineJUSfttsr,
lie Mm Information' M tho'Tdentl
of the ship. Be Is the first American.
seaman lo do captures.
Secretary of the Navy Daniels last
night Issued the following statement:
"Additional information received
from Admiral Sims today reveals the
fact that the Jacob Jones was tor
pedoed at 4:13 p. m. on December 6.
She began to settle aft and finally
sank at -i.29
"The submarine was not seen until
some time after the ship sank. The
submarine picked up one survivor,
whose Identity is not known. The
destroyer was not so far from the
European coast as was Indicated by
the earlier dispatches.
Explosion Kills One.
"Gunner Harry B. Hood was killed
by the explosion of the torpedo; next
of kin (mother), Belle Hood, resides
at 87 Pennsylvania avenue, Atlanta,Ga.
Lieut S.F. Kalk died later of exposure.
Lieutenant KalR'e name was not In
the roster of officers published yes
terday. His next of kin Is his mother,
Mrs. Flora S. Kalk, 12T North Forty
Second street. Omaha, Neb
"Twenty seven additional names of
survivors have been received, bring
ing the total number saved up to
forty four. Inclusive of the man taken
prisoner by the submarine
Lieutenant Kalk is the first man
from the District to lose his life In
a naval action In this war Ills mother
Mrs. Flora Stanton Kalk, lives In the
Balfour apartments. Sixteenth and U
streets northwest, but j visltlngT
relatives In Omaha when news of the
disaster was received. Friends In
quired at the Navy Department for
Continued on Pase 4. CoL 1)
The Tolndexter bill which will give
the District a Delegate In the House
will be urxed at this session by its
author This was announced today
by Senator Polndexter, who has Just
reached rt aahlncton.
"I shall bring the Delegate bill up
for consideration again at this ses
sion." said Senator I'olndexter. "I
shall reintroduce It, and I hope again
to get a favorable report from the
District Committee. It was favor
ably reported In the last congress.
"If people of the District them
selves do not hinder the messure and
do not camouflage It by trlng to
get two Senators and making other
changes in it I bellee the meas
ure can be passed in the course of
this session.
ners on an American merchant ship
11 SZJ; todajr 'rom A"
2?L I' decUrel they encountered
gunfirel Mtroyed the U-boat by
EVENING, DECEMBER 10, 1917. Omsk
' rMDrtmXkifrJkxmGttiriT7&
Ul ... " 1 A fc,r '"-l- x , i . "" '
NEW YORK, Dee. 10. A feeSa of decided inpnmon reevelas; tke BStaty ss
tioa both on the west froat and m Italy tuts become aotkeable here, says Load cable
to the Hew-York Sea. There it a streag Haprcirioa Ut somebody Iugb ia military
authority k responsible for permktaf; the Germim to rrtolce mach of the territory ob the
Cambral froat
In startlingly frank fashion, Secretary of War Baker's weekly war summary today warned
the nation not to minimize the danger of the newly massed Teuton hordes on the west front.
The statement amounted to notice that with the added forces which Germany has drawn
from the east front, she constitutes a graver danger than at any time in the last two and a half
The German may even be able to achieve some "relative advantage" such as he did the last
week at Cambrai, Baker added, through a temporary predominance of numerical strength.
Dae. 10 Zest Is gone from the trial
of Gaston B. Means, on the charge of
murdering Mrs. Maude A. King. The
offensive of the State seems to have
collapsed In response to the clamor of
the public. Cabarrus county animos
ity to the prosecution seems to have
won out.
Aslstant District Attorney John T.
Doollng. of New York, dropped out of
active participation in the case. Doo
llne has been the object of the most
of the local animosity
Doollcg's withdrawal was upon or
ders from District Attorney Swann,
of New York. It Is understood that
Swann ordered Doollng to withstand
no further Indignation against the
dignity ot the tSate or New York
and that he eliminate al lartlve par
ticipation which might risk his lite.
Means on me nana aeciarea am
sde from (33,000 to 140.000 buying
goods for German Interests. He said
he VtSS Ulica tuuuwru vf u minf mm
eight secret agents of the allies.
Solicitor Clement took up the cross
examination. His manner was half
hearted and languid It waa the
cr0Ks-examination of a man who ad
mits h is fighting agalmt too great
odds The cross-examlna.ion ended In
forty minutes, at 10 45
Means nsplalas.
During this time Means did a con
siderable amount of explaining
There were numerous discrepancies
between the story he told before the
coroner's Jury and the story he told
on direct examination. Means took
great pains to explain the differences
In his two stories. His explanations
were a bit crippling.
Attorney Cansler, for the defense,
l.es-n a lengthy redirect examination
, epalr holes made In the defend
(.Continued on rage 2, Colusa &-
tCojurtrM: 1BIT: SyJoliaT.XeCDtehsoa.
United States Must Speak Up.
After reviewing the British retire
ment in the Cambral sector and pay
ing tribute to the American engineers',
valor In that fight. Baker warned
America must speed up Its military
effort, "prepare not only to fight, but
to win," and be entirely united.
"This German parrying thrust, the
most powerful and successful blow
aimed at the British during the last
two and a half years, coming as It
did Immediately after the British vic
tory In the same area, serves to em
phasise the reviving strength of the
Germans In the west. he continued.
Text ef Statement.
The statement in full follows-
The German counter offensive In
the Cambrai area" was followed up
with Increased energy throughout
the week.
As a result of the extremely heavy
hostile pressure exerted along the
eastern and western flanks ot the new
salient, the Germans were able to
compel the retirement of the British,
causing the loss of a certain area ot
the terrain, less than one-third of
that gained by the victorious British
offensive ef November 30.
During the early part of the week
tbs British stood their ground with
exemplary tenacity. Massed attacks
were burled against the new British
Haas, which scarcely had had time to
harden. ,The enemy launched tnese
repeated and heavy assaults along
the northern Sank In the neighbor
hood of Bourlen Wood and Moeuvres.
In the south across the Schedlt river
canal toward pm, Vacquerle and Oou
xeaueourt. By continuous pressure along the
flanks the Germans' thus sought for a
vulnerable spot fa the new British
defenses before consolidation was
possible, and by a sodden powerful
surprise attack, as well as by the
lavish expenditure of men and ma
terial, they pushed home thrust after
thrust in an attempt to break
through the British lines.
Geneaa Pnrpsse Falls.
It would appear that the enemy fully
expected to break through on a broad
front. In this the Germans. In spite of
their persevering efforts were unsuc
cessful. Under the Impact of such powerful
blows, the British, in order to Improve
' (Continued on Page
Column 0 )
Presidents of the eastern railroads
together with members of the rail
roads' war board today laid their
case before Senator Newlands, chair
man of the Senate Committee on In
terstate and Foreign Commerce, feel
ing reasonably sure that they win
be permitted to continue In poeses
sloaotsatelr property for a trial
period ofiwo or three months at
The railroad presidents laid their
case before Senator Newlands and
the Senator later told the whole
story to President Wilson.
The railroad men told Senator New
lands that whatever Is done It Is vitally
necessary for the Eastern roads to have
Increased revenues to take care of their
mounting expenses of operation.
So far as more funds for capital ex
penditures is concerned, that financing
must come from the Federal Treasury,
the railroad men explained. .
They have no appointment with Sec
retary of the Treasury McAdoo, and It
is expected that for the present they
wiU leave their entire case In the hands
of the President and of Senator New-
.PHILADELPHIA, Dec. 10. Former
Ambassador von Bernstorffs son was
married to the foster daughter of a
Philadelphia Insurance official in
Berlin Saturday, according to a cable
message received here today.
The new Countess von Bernstorff
wa Marguerite Vivian Burton, an
1 American, about thirtj-tlve years old.
fhicb yrrnax district or coixwha. .
Premier l&rtfen CaneIs Polit
ical Engsgtnwfrts to Devot
Self to rWWWKk-WIres
Thanks to Unfed States.
HALIPAX, K. &, ietEi;-UH,
German dtiieaa eCJsMMsk Tarr
beinjr arrested' toasnrvSrere
ordered taken into cmMy rorsrd
less of sex Sevn,en and one wo- "''
sun had been arrseiad tip to a late
hour last night and otter are beinjr
rounded up as rapidly a possible.
The turrivinjr offjeert-ind. crews
of the steamers Hssttaa and
Imo, which collided, iiiiti!rs;,li'i the
terrific explosion which wrecked
part of the'towjtJUiavesJso been or
dered arreateeL,
v Swept by Gale.
Rescuers were working in a fifty
mil 0-aVe arid ,a, downpour of raltx
today. very Indication Is that the
death toll may be Increased over the
estimate of ?,CO0, rather than de
creased. The city Is virtually under
martial law.
1 Premier Sir Robert Borden today
saomicn caaceiiauoa or ait or. rua
political.. epgagemcAU. .HawOet
yotewhlk entlretitas-to tie relief ot
ffaUfax 7
fh;traler aaaomrcseUtho Domla-.
Ion government bad appropriated ?!-,
OOeseoo for Immediate relief works
Borden thanked the"' people of the
United, States for aid that has hea
rendered In a statement Issued today.
Relief Agemts Busy.
rtellef units from Massachusetts-,
arl Maine which bav arrived have
been assigned quartern, and are work-.
Ing- heroically. BeUevue, formerly
the realdencAof the British general
commanding the Halifax garrison be
fore Canada took, over the" defense
ot the Dominion, has been handed
over to the Massachusetts Red Cross.
One hundred and fifty patients can. be
cared for there.
The -state has offered. 400,000 feet ot
beaver board, ten- tons of putty, 10.
000 panes of glass, and 10.S00 rolls ot
tarred paper. Maine sent 11.000
blankets, and has crews of carpenters
and other workers ready to assist In
rebuilding- th,city.
An admiralty-hearing-to Investigate
the cause of the collision between the.
Norwegian steamship Imo ,knd the
munition ship Mont Blanc waafbegun
In Halifax today. V,
TRURO, Nova Scotls. Dec. 10.
Refugees arriving here from Halifax,
today told of the scenes of death In
the devastated city. .
The Richmond Printing Company's
atone building collapsed, and thirty
girls were burled In the ruins. The
HUlls foundry collapsed, it was)
stated, and not an employe escaped.
The Arcadia sugar rerinery rum
still hold unrecovered bodies, and
cotton mills and breweries In the de
bris of Dartmouth have yet to be
The miraculous escaper ot a little
six-year-old boy was related by sur
vivors. He waa found alive, pinion
ed In the wreck of hie home between
the bodies of his father and mother
A ehlld was born while Its raotner
was being taken to a hospital on a
cart. Tho babr lived; Its mother Is
dead. Two babes, another refugees
stated, were taken from a cradle
alive. The body of the mother was z
crushed across the cradle.
The fire chief of Halifax and his
crew, who rushed to the docks when
fire was reported aboard the Mont
Blanc, were killed lnstanUy. Pilot
Hayes, of the ship that rammed the
Mont Blanc, cannot.be located. A
telegraph operator at the '.Richmond
street railway siaiion waa iciiieu at
his key, and De Baron Coleman, the
express agent, was killed In the ad-
juinlng room.
Tiny lives were cruaow dui ot
urhni.atttit when the Infants home
on Brunswick street collapsed. The
colored settlement at Richmond Was
wiped out Finy inaians ar. xuris
Cove sre missing
In one operating roam at Truro
one surgeon removed thirty slgnt-
less eyes. One man walked into a
dresslnc station carrying an 'eye In
his hand' and asked to hare, It re
placed In the empty socket.
The American Red Cross headquar
ters here baa respondeiTtcf aa uigeat
call. forantinis

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