Newspaper Page Text
! hysterical Lady.
I A Truck on Fire
fifed Railroad Actors
r Jynarmfe, Mosquitoes.
I'i This mnmimr. hritrhl and earlv.
tone of John P. Agnew's big coal
rucks, heavily loaded, caught fire
L the tOD of Connecticut avenue, in
front of the white stone palace.
built by Mr. Lothrop. now occupied
' by T. F. Eyan. of New York.
1 It"vas a fine blaze, ten feet
Lehigh, and ten feet wide.
I Agnew owes the fact that he
.still has that truck to the quick
intelligence and courage of four
colored men in charge of the coal.
The driver backed the truck
against the curb so it would not
run down hilL
One turned in a fire alarm, and
all of them, using their coal shov
els, threw snow on the fire, which
was roaring high above the driv
Two fire ectrines. one hook and
I ladder rolled up promptly, but un
I needed, led by the Second Bat
Italion chief in a red automobile.
iHe came nn tho hill at about
rseventy miles an hour and went
(down again just as fast, like the i
Ibusy angel that flew all the way
from Heaven and back after com-
pelling Cerberus to let Dante pass.
John P. Agnew, if you value
'your big truck and the load of
'coal, you owe a fat turkey or a
jcood-sized ham to each of the men
an charge of your truck this morn
If they had been afraid to tret
their faces scorched, afraid of the
serious possibility that the big
gasolene tank might catch fire and
YTjIorie in their fnr vmi iirniilrtn'f
the truck at this writing.
'We have solemnly predicted
Dm time to time, that the dear
ssians would not enjoy the
iirtation with Russia. Only the
ined nurse that has sat in the
lap of a. hysterical woman trying
i make her listen to reason knows
St it is to deal with a Bolshe-
govemment. Modern Russia
has been educated mrtlv nn fVio
JToStoy doctrine of non-resistance.
no. paruy on the anarchist doe-
Ine: "Oive 'em Dlentv of dvna-
?. " !.'- !.... .: T:i. "ii I
c. va nuafa juu iiiiKHb can a i
lict in moral authority.
Today's news that the Rolshp-
riki have called off the negotia-
ons with Germany, and decided
start 11T1 iht lrar .inifi . -.,-
Ing outside, of Russia atnLPlHrf-
With tiA trntforl nlli'.. -. !...
TSr find flip tivcfr.-i1 T)AlDl.aa
aIlti larfv tn tk oact iUa TT..E..,.
pill nMil YintiBtftill,. 1i1m nc-..-...-
(from his celestial partner this
tinier ana next spring.
"What are gentlemen, formerly
orivat manflcrers nf -riln.f.
doing to make Government man
agement a failure?
lhe question is addressed today
tne uauimore and Uhio.
The country remembers how big
austnal gentlemen tried to dis-
edit Cleveland's ailminidnflnn
end the beginning of Wilson's
irsi term, ny tnrowmg as manv
nen out of work as possible.
Ar t-hj railmnrl rmntlaman .
png to make Wilson and Govern-
nens control unpopular Dy making
he travelinir mihlie nnrnmfnr.
If that is the game, railroad
ntlemen are looking for a land
of trouble that they underesti
Of course, railroad men will roll
their eyes to heaven and say, "Vile
persecution.-- uut tneir under
strappers are not as cautious as
they might be.
ror instance, a representative
the Baltimore and Ohio said
two days since to a reporter of
this newspaper he didn't know it
u a reporter "tOUK HOURS
VTE IS DAMN GOOD TIME
fOW, SINCE THE GOVERN-
3NT TOOK CONTROL."
This" railroad gentleman, disap-
irovinjr of Government control, is
one of those responsible for taking
to work in Baltimore, everv morn-
Sng, the population of Relay, Elk-
Wge, miethorp. and all the little
owns between Laurel and Balti
Some men have been getting
food salaries for pretty poor fier
ce to the public in the way of
n They don't like the idea of Gov
ernment control, with pay for
hose that cam it, and no pay for
hose that earn nothing.
Secretary McAdoo will probably
emind them that there are nossi-
lllities worse than bing made to
tarn your living and one of them
s BEING PUT IN JAIL.
If you like the idea of peace
Ind getting hack to business and
Ilvilization, this little dispatch just
teceived from Amsterdam will
DlSDatrh e frnn ih ....,
If" Germany today taid that the
Mtcent air raids of the allies are
touting aeep concern throughout
Pie Empire. TAe German people.
aupaienes aia, are beginning
realize for Ihn firtl ,', t..
knger they are expoted to at a
nut of inr antes' decision to
' the air raids over London.
fit is good peaces news that the
sist art thinking seriously
United States Unwilling to
Treat With Powers Now Con
trolling Destinies of the Ger
man People. "
By DAVID LAWRENCE.
iCopyrlght. ll, ty New Tork Eenlnr Post
Is peace on the horizon? Unques
tionably many people In America are
beginning to think the en1 of the
war is near at hand. If t! ere Is
no foundation for this sentiment, am
a relaxation In war preparation re
sults, Germany's peace offensive will
hive been successful. On hr other
hand, if the United States can. with
out slackening its war activities,
shorten the' war, that policy which
will achieve America's war aims with
the minimum sacrifice must be
To determine what the real
opinion is of President Wilson and
the men associated with him in
managing for the United States the
war as well as collateral diplomatic
policies, I interviewed today several
high officials. They are men who
help shape the policy of the Govern
ment. If any know the plans and
purposes of the United States it is
Doesn't See Early Peace.
"Do you think that the negotiations
between Russia and Germany and the
general conditions In Europe warrant
the belief that peace Is near at
handr was my first question.
"I certainly do not." said a man
particularly In the confidence of the
"Are there not certain things In the
German proposals to Russia that meet
our war aims?"
"To be sure, but then, again, there
are other points which most em
phaltrall do not "
"What do you consider the real ob
stacle io peace?"
"The trouble Is that none of usher
fel that ue can trust the present
German government. They might
make ihe most tempting oiler, but
what Bf.od would It do If It were not
(Contir.. wl on Page 2, Column 8.)
about mp present feeble dyna
mite air vifits Thus far the al
lies havr noer sent more than
thirt cm fortj Hying machines
Into Gern.iii at a time
Bpforo lunp .ho Germans proba
bly knon it. thf I nited Stttes will
visit German -oil with flocks of
flying machin-a. numbering from
1,000 to :.,twn- nnd more
Certain regions vf ,ne edrtb
hae been made uninhabitable by
mosquitoes Certain regions in
Prussia are apt to be made
THOUGHTIVL b dnamlte shells
as thick as mosquitoes.
Every time that the cynical old
poker player raised a bet he said:
"The only way to discourage
vice is to make it expensive."
The way to discourage Prussian
brutality is to make it evident that
it doesn't pa, ami that Hohenzol
lerns are not the only family that
can play at the game of horrible
ness and murder.
Don't feel downhearted or pessi
mistic about this war.
In a ciMlizcd country-, wolves,
wild cats, and rattlesnakes arc the
first to disappear.
The combination of wild cat, rat
tlesnake, and wolf in the Hohen
zollern family will disappear early.
HOW NEAR IS
4,464 Lines of Advertising (16 Cols.)
Over the Corresponding Day (Jan. 2) Last Year.
EDGAR D. SHAW.
TROOPS TO EUROPE,' SAYS COL,
Believed Meteor Falling
On Lookout Mountain"
CHATTANOOGA. Tenn.,-Jn. 2.
A terrific explosion. was heard
and felt all over this section of
Tennessee and Georgia today, but
efforts to locate its source have
so far failed.
The belief is growing that the
concussion was" due to' a glanT
meteor striking Lookout moun
tain In a remote section and ex
ploding. IN EFFECT IN
NORFOLK. Jan. 2. With the crty
virtually under martial law. Govern
ment and city officials today are mak
ing a rigid investigation into the
cause or the fires and explosions
Which yesterday- did fS,000.000 dam
age to the. Montlcello Hotel and sur
rounding business buildings.
Twenty suspects are In custody of
Department of Justice agents here
An arrest that the Investigators
look upon as highly Important waa
that of W. C. Brevoort. an unnatural'
Ixed German who was taken In his
room at the Lorraine Hotel. Bis cap
tors said maps of Norfolk, German
literature, -'and many dipping front
German papers were found In his pos
Two of the suspects already- arrest
ed are women, but their names and all
information concerning them are care
Sweep Two Blacks.
The fire, vhich swept nearly two
blocks in the heart of the business
section, la under control but not com
Shivering naval patrols guard the
fire-swept section today with bayo
nets fixed Sailors, marines, and home
guards were on duty all night as the
result of an encounter between an
unidentified white man and a group
of marines near the Old Dominion
The stranger wae challenged when
a marine detected him lurktug near
a British steamer in dry cock under
going repairs. The man opened Are
on the guard with a revolver. The
marine returned the fire. Several
others rushed up and discharged their
pistols at the man, who disappeared
In the darkness after empting his
weapon at his pursuers.
Ind Fans Flames.
inter winds sweeping In from
the Atlantic stirred the flames through
the nltiit In the ruins of the hotel,
Granbj Theater, and other structures,
(Continued on Page 3, Column 8.)
IX)N!' Jan 2 Germany is mak
ing her createst effort of the aub
marine war now, in the hope of fur
thering her peace projects.
The I nlted Tress Is permitted to
make ilni statement today, in ad
vance f the usual weekly official
announ-enient as to British ships
sunk dining the past week
It Is i".ihle. according to the
United Tres Information, that Ger
many l- organized her submarine
warfare on an offensive scale hither
The results of her concentrated
drive a" not yet available, but they
may show Indications of a temporary
British authorities, however, are
certain nothing more can be achieved
than this temporary success.
MA A AW
NEW U-BOAT DRIVE
WASHINGTON, WEDNESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 2, 1918. Qosiie
Hale Holden Named to Probe
Situation and Rush Relief
Will Also Take Up Freight
Director General of Railroads Mc
Adoo today took a hand in the coal
situation in Washington.
Hale Holden, advisor to the Direc
tor General, who is directing the
work formerly done by the Rail
roads War Board, has been desig
nated by Mr. McAdoo to investigate
tho situation in. Washington and
Coal all along the line in Maryland
and Pennsylvania consigned to the
Capital is to be started moving, and
MX end to the shortage that has
gripped the city for months is again
' Trainloads will be brought in as
fast as car congestion can be broken
Win Make Surrey.
In addition Mr. Holden will make a
surrey o freight congestion In Wash
ington terminals. He discussed the
general fright situation here with
Hr.'MdAdoo it theconfercnce yester
day. . Ue.nua.toda; , ,
rijirot-prpara to slate
situation her ay to ,lio"is -td
Va1a a1Aaftaha4fe t ah a1 Waa ah m a r! !
labor shortage has' Keen made. This
aurrey begin today.
"This local situation Is all Creek to
me. I will give It Immediate study.
Most of the freight congestion in
Washington, I -am told Is due to lack
of facilities to haul freight from the
railroad yards by auto and team."
Mr. Holden began today to locate, all
consignments to Washington of both
anthracite and bituminous coal. If
It Is necessary he will probably secure
amendment of the blanket order to
move all coal caught In freight con
gestion In eastern Pennsylvania to
New England points to relieve the
shortage there. Much coal for Wash
ington, particularly anthracite from
Pennsylvania mines, was tied up in
this Jam, which la be(ng cleared away.
It was cut at Junction points near the
Philadelphia gateway, and did not get
cleared, particularly at Garden City
on the Pennsylvania and Wyne Junc
tion on the Baltimore and Ohio, points
where these two lines take cars from
the Philadelphia and Read'ng
Travelers coming to Washington
from the West toda state that there
are hundreds of loaded cars all
through Maryland coming this way.
FORCED BY COLO
All the public school were closed
at 1 o'clock today becau of
blllty to get the buildings ufncientl
warm Several schools were cld
all day. due to defects in the heat
Ing syntems. frozen pipes, or delay
In repair work started during the hol
The general order to 'lose the
schools was Issued by Superintend
ent of Schools Thurston at 11 o'clock
this morning All the schools were
notified by Assistant Superintendent
At Business High School the pupils
were dismissed at 1 .'to o'clock be
cause of failure of the heating plant.
According to Principal Allan Ilavls,
one of the engines which operates the
circulatory system became disabled,
and It became Impossible to heat the
building It is expected the damage
will be repaired in time for the even
ing school classes tonight
The Mott School was closed because
of failure to finish repairs to the
heating plant, being mads during
the holiday season
Not enough heat could be generated
at the Military Itoad School, and the
classes were dismissed early In III"
day At the Slater School the water
pipes were frozen, and claas"s wery
dismissed. The Montgomery School
waa cold as an Iceberg all morning,
and no classes were held In the af
ternoon the school was reopened The
Cleveland Lchool also was closed for
lack of heat.
The Crummell School In Ivy City
waa closed because of a lack of heat.
Teachers who counted on shopping
tours on their unexpected holiday
were disappointed when announce
ment was made that no salaries
would he Dald todav. No reason was
Riven for the failure to distribute I
the checks st the disbursing office
at the District building
British Embassy Simply An
nounces Envoy Has Got
Leave Diplomat Long Under
British Ambassador Sir Cecil
Spring-Rice is -returning to Eng
land "on leave," he announced to
day. In announcing what apparently is
his retirement from the Washing
ton post, the ambassador said
"The British ambassador is go
ing home on leave, but he can make '
no farther statement at the pres
ent time on the'Wr."
however, coverirJBjw reason for
his departure wifl-iJ? issued in Lon
don . -' -,7;
To Lear Soon.
Sir Cecil notified Secretary of Elate
Lansing today of his Intentions, and
It Is assumed that his departure wilt
be at an early moment.
The ambassador has bean under
fire some time from Lord Northcllffe,
who opposed his system of -handling
war matters here. Even before the
United States Joined tho struggle,
with the present Incumbent tecauso
. am . .a -ia4 a
or tne fact tnat teuton aipiomais
were out-maneuvering the British In
respect to propaganda activity in this
It is known here that Sir Cecil ha
long been in III health and baa de
sired retirement, his only reason for
staying being his country's need.
His relations with American offi
cials have been uniformly pleasant,
and It is felt in high quarters that,
despite the criticism to which he has
been subjected, he has handled Many
difficult situations in a highly sat
on italian front
HOME Jan. 2 British troops j
Joined In the allied iiffenslve against,
the Tentouic line In Italy today. Eng
lish patrols attacking advanced posts,
Inflicting looses and taking prisoners, j
me War OIllCC niiwm.cu .uu,.;.
About ten ensps losded v. itli
troops attempted to approach the
right bank of the Plave at Indesta
dura. the statement added, but were
dispersed in the defenders' fire
From Fontlgo .outli to ConeglUno
Italian and Hngllsh batteries caused
an explonlon of two enemy munition
plants, the statement adds
BANKS HAMPER SHIP
BOARD, ROWLES CHARGES
Banks nave hampered the carrying
out of the Shipping Hoard's construe-"
h. ..rn.int. t.. in
.,.-... ,,. alilmnrH u.illi nnvfrnin.nf
.MWlli:. -...,.- .... ...... .-----.....
contract'. Admiral Howies of. the
Kmergency Flc-t Corporation testi
fled thU in the Senate shipping Ine
3 OVERCOME BY HEAT
ON NEW YEAR DAY
PAsAW:NA, Cal.. Jan '- While the
Hast shU'ered In zero weather New
War Day. three person were over
come by the hent during tW football
game between the Marines and Camp
One of the three suffered a sunstroke
U. S. OWNERSHIP
OF ROADS IS SURE,
"Government ownership of the rail
roads Is lne liable." Interstate Com
rrerce Commissioner Allchleon de
clared at the Senate inquiry today.
It Is coming poslblj very
He would not say whether he fa-
Government ownership orSUCh a course." Altchlson said
whether ha btllavad FaderaJ operation
Trusts Safe Until After the War
Suspension until October of Government suits for dissolution of
the International Harvester Company, the United States Steel Cor
poration, the United States Shoe Machinery Corporation, the East
man Kodak Company, the Quaker Oats Company, the American Can
Company, and the Corn Products Refining Company was asked of
the Supreme Court by Attorney General Gregory today.
Further suspension until the close of the war will be requested
The tremendous expense involved in dissolving these seven
great corporations, should the Supreme Court hand down a favor
able Government decision, together with the disnntion of business
involved, prompted the Government move.
RUSSIANS RETURN TO WAR;
END PEACE NEGOTIATIONS,
UGHING AT FOE'S IMS
a- - BERNE. Jan. 2. Within
irclteake a Mw declaration of modified peace cbs&iea,
"oWatto Ihe entente's attitude," accordatoTi Taota
tioa from the Munich Nachrichten received here today.
LONPON, Jan. 2. The
ing preparations for defense
broken off the- peace negotiations because of the Germans'
refusal to withdraw their troops from Poland and other
occupied sections of Russia, according to asensational dis
patch printed' in; the. Daily News today from hs Petrogradj
KMlcuij3UfiimKtetwmmtmk.iisvuu ut--viAaian3 ti& ot.
ing troops to" the front again.
"I have reliable information regarding the breaking off
of peace negotiations, which establishes the honesty of the
Bolsheviki purpose," Ransome's dispatch asserted. The
central powers made a more detailed statement of their
terms than that which has been published, including therein
a demand that German garrisons be retained at Riga, Libau,
and other strategic points.
AFFECTED BY BIG
en. William A. Mann, first
commander of the Rainbow division
of the national guard, now In France,
was assigned today to command the
department of the east with head
Quarters at Governor's Island, N. Y .
succeeding Oen Ell D. Hoyle. who is
returned to the inactive '.1st Gen.
Charles Menoher nas been named
Mai nen. William U Sibert. who
commanded the first division of Oen-i
eral I'ersninc a arm), wm
within Hie next day or two as com.
msnder or the aeparimcm ui mc
succeeding Gen. W. P. Iu
vail J Hit neauquirvi3 m
Charleston. S C.
Gen Charles T Menoher, who ha
been named to succeed General Mann
as commander of the Rainbow dlls-
ion. was formerly colonel of the Fifth j
Field Artillery, and was stationed at
Fort nils during the encampment of
the national guard on the Mexican
border Mis promotion to Major
general followed his arrKal in Frame
with the artlllerv
Minn and Sibert returned .o the
States yesterday. Mann, here today,
received his orders for the Gover
nor's Island post from the chief of
(Continued on Page IS, Column 1.)
would be more efficient than opera
tion by private Interests.
Senator Watson believed efficiency
mJght have been gained If the con I
trol of the railroads had been gicn
by the President to the Intersil-
Commerce Commission "rather IhAii
to one man" I
"There was much to recommend
might have been worth trying
Wall Street Prices.
Russian Bolsheviki are mak
against Germany and have
"The Russians were uncompromis
ingly against this and also declared
that self-definition of the people of
Poland and other occupied parti of
Russia waa Impossible until the last
German soldier had left.
"The Germans asked for time In
which to consider thls.refusal by the
Russians and also begged that this
stage of the negotiations be not pub
lished. "The Russiars refused this plea and
left Brest LItovsk.
"Red Guards are now being sent to
re enforce the front, and other prep
arations are being made for defense."
GERMANY'S REFUSAL TO
WITHDRAW TROOPS FROM
CITIES CAUSE OF BREAK
PCTROGRAD. Jan. 2 The Brest
LItovsk peace conference broke up
with Russian delegates taunting the
German i nfereet on the demands of
Bol'hevikl members today.
The Germans, It was said, expressed
their willingness to evacuate all of
(Continued on Page 3, Column 1.)
One thousand Turks killed, 600 pris
oners taken, and twenty machine
guns raptured In the latest engage
ment In Palestine was reported by
General Allenbj today
Four point of "great tactical im
purtance" north of Jerusalem have
been captured In the latest British
drUe and the defense of the Holy
City materially strengthened. Allen
b)'s report continued.
At least four Teuton divisions are
operating with the Turks In the Holy
La ml. the official report stated.
FOR STEALING COAT
-missal from the service ard im
pruoned for one year was the penalty
imposed on Second Lieut Charles W
Ferguson. Q M C N A-CampGordaa
IGa . for stealing a JoO overcoat from a
WOUNDED IN NEW
RAID BY ALLENBY
PRICE WITHIN DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, 1
Systematic Co-ordination in
Shipbuilding Also Set Forth
as Primary Rpifsite in
TO WIN WAR
American fighting forces -must b
dispatched to Eurpp'Vith the least
possible .delay inddeat to training V,
and equipment,-"" Colonel House's -
mission to Europe baa-recommended
to Secretary of State TjtTTngr
Speed and "systematic" co-ordination
in shipbuilding are likewise pri
mary reqnisites,' while-gnity pf ef
fort military, ,nayal, ind-canomic
between the United States-xnd tho
allies is essential, according to tb
other two -prime recommendations.
The fall text of these recommenda
tions follow: ,
"L That the United States exert all
their Influence to aeeure entire unity
of effort, military, naval, and econo
mic, between. themselYse and tha coqa., .'
iai .-? ' : . ..... .i i-T'-rrr -i .- :ji
ueocisxiuuiiinem iu. uvff3rvjf.l,
"2. Inasmuch as tne lucceaaful ter
mination of the war by the United
States and the allies can be greatly
hastened by the extention of th
United States ahlpping program, that
the Government and the people of the
United States bend every effort to
ward accomplishing this result by a
systematic co-ordination of resources
of men and materia, a
"X That the fighting forces of the
United States be dispatched to Eu
rope with the leaat possible, delay in
cldent to training and equipment."
Te Wert In Uadtw.
These accommodations means that
all the allies will hereafter work
together in unity, that the period of
training and equipment of American
forces will doubtless be shortened if
this can be accomplished with the
shipping and other resources at hand.
The recommendations for co-ordination
in the shipping program em
phasize more strongly than ever the
urgent appeal of the allies for more
ships, more speed in building them
and less bickering and attention t
Summary of Colonel House's report
to Lansing shows that the special
war mission, "succeeded In its pur
pose of reaching a definite working
plan for the prosecution of the war"
In making public the summary, the
8tate Department expressed Its grati
fication at the conference result be
cause of the mutually helpful spirit
manifested and because the plana out
lined "will greatly Increase the ef
fectiveness of the efforts now being
put forth by the United Statea and the
alll In the conflict against Germany
and Austria Hungary."
The revlewr of the report, filed with
the Department of State by Colonel
House, the head of the Special War
Mission, which visited Grea Britain.
and France tn November, shows that
It succeeded in Its purpose of reach
ing a definite working plan for the
prosecution of the war through co
operation of the governments, repre
sented at the conferences held in
Paris, In the various fields of activ
lty and through marshalling the re
sources of the nations at war with the
central powers and co-ordinating their
uses under a common authority, thus
avoiding the waste and uncertainties
that arise from independent action.
The .Vsults of the conferences, as
shown In the report, are most grati
fying to this Government, first be
cause they Indicate that the con
ferees were inspired by the desire
to be mutuall helpful, and second,
because the agreements, which wait
reached, when In full operation, will
greatly Increase the effectiveness of
the efforts now being put forth by
the United States and the allies in
the conflict against Germany and
Here are the results accomplished
by the mission, as set forth in the
"I Full and frank discussion be
tween Colonel House aa special rep
resentative of the Governr lent of the
United States and the heads of the
Urttlsh. French, and Ital'an govern
ments with regard to the war policy
of the United States and ner associ
ates in the war.
2 Participation by the members
of the mission in a meeting of the
llritixh war cabinet, at which confer
ence a general and useful discussion
was had concerning the needs of the
a. Ilea and the extent of the assistance
to be expected from the United States. t
" Participation by the Unit.