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CLOUDY; PROBABLY SNOW
Row Much of Congress Does Standard Oil Own in 1918?
The Vole to Give Away Pnblic Property Will Answer.
Public Property Should Remain Public.
A Lion, Jackal, Graft Battle.
TO THE CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES:
Two bills are before yon, S. 2812, H. R. 3232.
Both these bills would give to PRIVATE individuals
PUBLIC property xcorth fabulous amounts.
Small profiteers declare that these bills are framed to
suit the Standard Oil, enabling that organization to crowd
out the little exploiters.
Standard Oil finds the bills admirable, in spirit and pa
triotic intent. No wonder!
Nobody says anything about the PUBLIC, the hundred
millions of Americans whose property is to be given away
by the Government and then sold back to the public at ex
Is this public steal going through in wartime? Is this the
example that Congress is to set before the people of the!
United States? j
War's necessity compels giving billions to our neigh-'
bors is Europe. i
Are you going to hand over billions to private exploita-.
tion at this time? ' '
Are you going to allow the big Star iard Oil lion and
the little oil company jackals to fight over the public prop-
erty, and decide which shall have it?
Or will you kick lion and jackal down the Capitol steps, !
and develop, exploit, and sell the public wealth to the public
as agent for the public without a dollar of profit to anybody
jjAbiiri a.Li x-Ujjiu.'
WASHINGTON'. SATURDAY EVENING, JANUARY 5, 1918.
mien ivmn.v ihsthict op columuia. le.
ALLIES STATE PEACE TERMS
THE TEST OR REAL PATRIOTISM
ICopjTlrht: 1918 Br JohnT. McCnlcheon.
,,-g, iCC' i7,jga-t ' j BARBARIAN1 Lj0iilBM
IN BALANCE; MmFm JiiiSj
i ii i
Wi I Wi I ill IUU you mlty wstve the Sag till you're black u the
'LLOYD GEORGE GIVES
DEMANDS MI IE
You may denounce the kaiser until you have used
up all the angry words in the language
Biggest Decision of Party Pol
itics to Be Made in Few
Days When National Amend
ment Comes Up.
BY DAVID LAWRENCE
(Copyrfrht. 33!?. by Kcvr York livening roit
Party politics interests the aver
age man only periodically but mem
bers of Congress always. Investiga-
This is the preposterous, disrraceful situation:
On the floor, in the lobbies of Senate and House, there is
an open, confessed, utterly shameless fight for private pos
session of the nation's property.
On one side is huge Standard Oil, with bills nicely
arruTicrA tn mvA fno Tiovrilo'e nil TTTnwfrioa Vio CfaYidoivl
On the other side aire little private exploiters saying! lJL ti'll SE !
"Give us a chance to get some of the fat." The bills drawn patnotic zeal, but the habit of think
should be entitled, "Bills granting the oil properties of the injr in party terms causes an inevi-
people to the Standard Oil Company." table chuckle over the splendid ma-j
. ... . , tenal for the Congressional cam
Very interesting to see Standard, big and efficient, other pajgn of next November which the
companies, little and less efficient, fighting in the United mistakes of today may afford. But
States Senate and House as to which shall get LAND the biggest and most important dc-
WOETH BILLIONS BELONGING TO THE PEOPLE. jcision of party politics will be made
in a few days when the Republican
Where are the people in all this? and Democratic groups in the House!
What Senators, what Representatives, what Govern-1 of Representatives formally commit j
ment officials will find time and energy to say that natural thei.r "fpective parties for or
wealth on land belonging to the people of the United States, aamst th Federal amendment for !
T.Mni i jnin.nj -axr titiv upmjt p akttx tvd rrrrrEi , woman sunrag&r
U1UIUU UO UCVCIUCU Ul J.IIII i XJW.L XJ1U XUUXS xuu aajcj y
rEUfUS, to use an oia-iasmonea, out-ot-aate, almost comic
expression t .-'-
remove your hat whenever a Sag
You may stand up whenever " The Star Spangled
Banner" is played
Johnson, of California, Borah, Vardaman, Tillman, here
Is a chance to prevent wholesale robbery of the people.
And you, presiding bosses, Marshall and Champ Clark.
Won't you point out the idiocy of advising American
mothers to feed their children on cornmeal that they
can't digest and at the same time giving thousands of mil
lions worth of public property to profiteers that have di
gested too much already?
These bills to give the property of the public to private
individuals, whether that individual be Mr. Rockefeller or
some little profiteer trying to be a Rockefeller, ought to be
the last dying old-fashioned effort to rob the people of the
United Stages openly and shamelessly through the Congress
of the United States.
Senate at least a few of the human
beings that make up ninety-eight
millions in a population of a hun
dred millions. '
Mr. Weaver speaks gently to
the coal dealers considering facts.
The District Attorney asserts
that dealers are charging exorbi
tant prices for fuel. The public
knows it, and can't get coal even
at exorbitant prices.
With danger for adults and
death for children because of the
cold, with an entire city suffering
because of official incompetency,
and private greed, there ought not
to be so much gentle talking.
Imagine a shipwrecked crew on
a raft with a small supply of wa
ter, a couple of profiteers on the
raft peddling out the water to
suit themselves, at extravagant
prices and you have a good
enough imitation of the coal situ
ation in voteless Washington and
five hundred other American cities.
This newspaper doesn't see any
fundamental difference between
the various kinds of pirates and
burglars. The highwayman knock
ing one man senseless with a
blackjack is rougher but less dan
gerous than the other criminal
who freezes an entire city through
There is too much gentle "we are
all little business men together"
talk when it comes to telling coal
men or milk men or other handlers
of necessities that this war wasn't
started to enable them to rob the
public and enrich themselves.
A new Senator from Nevada.
Success and usefulness to him.
Is he a farmer, one of the many
millions that ought to be repre
sented in Washington? NO.
Is he one of the small business
men that are forgotten fifty per
cent of the time when public mat
ters are discussed? NO.
Is he one of the really little
people that are forgotten and
overlooked ninety-nine and a half
per cent of the time when public
affairs are discussed? By NO
The new Senator is a "banker
and attorney," the usual thing.
Consider for ten seconds the fact
that it is considered anarchy, or at
least stupid radicalism, to suggest
that there should be sent to the
"The little people don't KNOW
enough to be Senators; they must
be represented by their intellect
ual superiors," says eminent finan
Thai's what they used to say in
Russia, under Nicholas.
In France, under Louis XVI,
In England, under Charles the
Beware of generalizations that
exclude 00 per cent of the people.
Much power resides in 99 per cent.
The wild, wild women, to bor
row a line from a popular song,
are in a fair way to make a wise
man of Congress.
Every woman in the United
States will vote inside of ten
years. And the Federal amend
ment will pass. Let us hope that
the women, even the wildest ones,
will remember how much woman
suffrage owes to Woodrow Wil
son. The wildest wild women did
their best to make a wild man of
him. But they failed. He kept
his temper, and surprised their
wildncss by doing 90 per cent of
the work that got them the vote
in the State of New York.
To the learned and patriotic
Commissioners of voteless town:
As rulers of this community you
nave at your disposition wagons
for collecting trash and ashes.
A city with no coal has few
Couldn't you use those wagons
part of the time to peddle coal In
bags at a fair price? Sixty cents
a bushel !b a little too much for
the poor to pay.
If there IS any coal, and If It
IS Intended for the people of Wash
ington, why not use the wagons
that BELONG to the people to
The most dangerous slacker in
the world just now is the railroad
president, vice president, traffic
manager, engineer, -conductor or
brakeman that through indiffer
ence or hostility seeks to make
Government control of railroads a
The Republicans already are alert
to the situation, and are almo.it solid:
i ly In favor of woman suffrage. The
ftraocrau arc reluctant ana nesitapt
the Southern Democrat are cling
ing to antiquated Interpretation of
State right doctrines. President Wil
son himself is loath to interfere. Hut
the vote next week may have a far
reaching effect on the future strength
of the Democratic party In the House.
The Democrats today have a slender
majority. Next November if they lose
control of the House anu the Kepiih
Ilcan party returns to power, an or
sanitation could be reconstructed out
of which the Republican party Itself
might be liberalized in time for the
battle of 1920
Woman suffrage, politically speak
Injr. is likely to be a turning point for
the Democrats. The latter have argued
repeatedly that they are today the
progressive party of the nation.
Whenever !. ha been expedient to
abandon State rights, as in the pas
sage of the Federal amendment on
prohibition, the Democrats have fallen
in line. Federal control of railroads.
Federal taxation of incomes as well
as Federal conscription, have been
approved, the women leaders contend,
by the Democrats in disregard of
State right argumrnt!.
Will I'nlle Force.
If the Democrats therefore are re
sponsible for the iH-fe.it of woman :
suffrage next week and the Kcpub-I
Means will support it en mass.- the
strength of the women voters in rucIi
populous States as .V York, will be
marshaled for Republican Congrcss
meu. That is the plan of campaign
of the suffrage lact!ci:m. Senator
Hollls. Democrat, or "cv Hampshire,
reveals an apprehension that the
tnreai may not De as etnpt or as un
timely as It may appear He minces
no words In his analysis of the danger
that confronts his own part.
If the Republican platform," said
the New Hampshire Senator today,
"had been for national woman suf
frago In 1010, Judge Hughes would
have, been elected. You may draw
your own conclusion about tho next
campaign Our Republican friends
are not flow to show their casernes!.
to enforce democracv at l. mo by I
,.t i. ... . . . 1
completion "I'- i-iiizeusnip in women 1 t tn(,,,t ,1(, ,B,,
t 11 niiuJiu lot- m.M-rttts jieroui til:
1 .r h I
You may inves.' id Liberty Bonds
By ED. L. KEEtN.
United Press Staff Correspondent.
LONDON, Jan. 5. Britain's answer to Count Czet-
nin's terms of peace for the central powers was emphatically
announced to the' world today by Premier Lloyd. George in
a speech at the British Laborite "man power"- conference.
The British premier laid down three cardinal principles
on which Britain and the allies would.be willing to talk
"Before permanent peace can come," the prime min
ister declared impressively, "three conditions must be ful
filled. "First: The sanctity of the treaty must be re
established. "Second: There must be territorial settlements
based on the consent of those governed.
"Third and last: There must be created some in
ternational organization to limit the burden of arma
ments and diminish the'probability of war."
PREMIER GOES INTO DETAIL.
The British premier went into great detail to outline
forcefully, pointedly, and clearly every one of the aspirations
of the forces of democracy. v
You may utter noble and patriotic sentiments
If you chest in making out your Income Tax Statement you are a Bum Patriot.
problem of handling
Washington!, big population properlv.
Almost witln-u' exception Federal
ami District official, citizens of nil
IcI.issch. rul!z that the wnr ha i
Republicans to beat tliem to it? What
woman suffrage by States was to the ' many of them nro willing to "pass the
peace policy of the Democratic party hiicl;" each fr.m u different motie.
in luio, naiion-ii woman suurnge is
today to the war policy of the coun
tepreaenta only stale. nation of the management of one line
I am a Democrat, representing ,r""u?, "IT, , ?, "I that tl.ev could not affonl ... take
the Senate the only Intern Stale brought with I- it,., necessity of one j rllnlir,.s nf pn.MJ. llnr.r ,,. control
that voted for President Wilson In ,n"n "trol. concentrated ,,,,-ver. ... c ., management of another line, tha
1D1B. I was with Senator Wal.I, of i '"'"'" " "" and cnserM.tlon ,,.,, of ,,,,.,, WPr(. objectionable.
.. . . ,... . .1 . j . "" ""n" "I mose IllMIIIltlons mil
luiuautt m iriuimiK; ii.-.tu.'uiti .t-ri. t
In Chicago in that campaign I stayed
with the Democratic platform from
Its first draft till I Anlshcd reading it
to the St. L.ouls conentlon. The
(Continued on Page ;, Column S )
wants ami servo . of ihe pcopl. .
For y. urH tho Mockhohlor. direc
tors, mid ..rfix-rn of !h two stre.it
railway lines of Washington lin ad
mitted that there ought to b a mcrg-
10,390 Lines of Advertising (37 Cols.)
Over the Corresponding Day (Jan. 5) Last Year.
EUGAK 1). SHAW.
Not for the destruction or disruption of Ger
many. Not to destroy Austria-Hungary or Turkey.
Not merely to alter or destroy the imperial
constitution of' Germany.
Not to take Constantinople or Turkey's lands
that are predominantly Turkish from them.
But for these principles:
One Complete restoration of Belgium.
Two1 Reparation as far as possible for de
vastated towns and cities.
Three Neutralization and nationalization of
Foui? "Reconsideration" of the "great
wrong" done to France in 1871 (referring to
Five Establishment of an independent Po
land "comprising all genuinely Polish elements,
because this is necessary to the stability of west
Six Arabia, Armenia, Mesopotamia, Syria,
Palestine all entitled to separate nationalities.
Seven: Of Russia, the British statesman left
the future to decision of the Russian people them
selves. Eight: Inhabitants of African colonies to be
"placed under an administration acceptable to
themselves for the purpose of preventing exploi
tation for the benefit of European capitalists and
of European governments.
"We will stand by the French democracy to the death,"
Lloyd George declared. "We demand reconsideration of
the great wrong of 1871.
UP TO RUSSIAN PEOPLE.
i "It is difficult to speak of Russia without suspension
'of iudement. Russia can onlv be saved bv her own DeoDle.
commusion-a'rTme'rHy h'opefu,- n" ! "An independent Poland, comprising all the genuinelv
nancters. winding up in ti.e dctermi-' '"incaii. at mat. i ney " p0jsh elements, is aDsoiuteiv necessary to tne staDiuty or
sumy tne recomnienuMiiom uci. .... i -
b. .re them and then apply tho prac- i WeStem EUrOpC
llcabllity te.t The recommendations 4,T1 p. l" !! oU..l,l k ...,I:.J ,! . ...,..
mint originate in a Missouri .itmos- lllc Uat uailtuca anuuiu uc lli-l.uiau.6cu itllU llllti-
phero and must carry proof and eon- , .-in t inn nli vpH
Mellon with them. There Is not time. naUOIiailZea.
with the people of the city peeved to
tho limit over what they are putting
up with, to try out theories.
A strong belief prevails in authori
tative quarters that tho morale and
personnel of at least one line is so
badly shot to pieces It will be a hard
Job to restore It speedily enough to
accomplish beneficial rerults. Gov
ernment control would do it. is the
May Kxlcnd to Other Lines.
The Utilities Commission and Gov
ernment officials are primarily con
cerned with the railway service right
here In Washington- getting people , . .1 , s "-.,..:,. D-
to and from tholr work on time and ICnilb, as UIUIUUIIICU IIIIUUII VUUlll vacuum ti uibi-
forme thVogh'trshameus. LUvsk. He was particularly vehement in his denuncia
cmwding The wderai Government. I tion of the false pronunciamento of self-determination or
however. Is concerned in the opera ,, t . t .1
hoi. ,f the define line enuring all peoples as proclaimed therein.
,roaopK,BaV,",n.men?s,,''M '?? "e pointed out' that Belgium's future freedom was
..onuouei .... 1 dependent upon the allied nations permitting Turkey to
U. S. CONTROL OF DISTRICT
STREET CARS NEXT MOVE
By BILL PRICE.
What John Weaver handed to the coal men of this city is a mere mouthful com
pared to what the Washington street railwav lines arc going to set unless conditions
arc speedily bettered.
And a mighty interesting thing to Washington people today is that officials of the!
two street railway lines are not the least worried over the prospect that their corpora-,
tions will before long pass under Federal control and management, probably never to
return to private ownership. Some of them, in fact, are virtually certain that public con
trol municipal or Federal is on the way.
Officials Are Willing to "Pass Buck"
Tired ami wen it irotn the ntl.-niit ! er of these lines under one manage .hired by the Utilities Commission to
ment. tutting down -al. iries and
bringing about icrotitiug of cars to
the public benefit
:cicr liiHieil I'lrsl Mnge.
This lias net.r gott 11 beond whis
pers anil feelers among the local fi-
report exhaustively a to street rail
way conditions hero may be able to
offer workable recommendations that
will acliieve genuine results.
Congiession.il committees have dls
cuss-cd the question of merger, but
hate felt powerless to direct that this
lie done. The Utilities Commission
has encouruged the Idea and longed
for Its becoming a reality.
MeAdoo Can llrlng It About.
Tho power to do It, through gov
ernmentul i-untrol. Is In tliu hands
iif Director General AlcAdou, und it
Is inasoitably certain at tnis ttiument
that Mr. MeAdoo will have the prop
ortion laid before him before a great
wlille. It Is Just as reasonably cer
tain tint hn will obtain from the
I President a proclamation of author
t lty to lake thesn llnca over as ti war
j measuru for the promotion of the
J Government's work, nnil the protection
' of tile people
' Should the President not want lo
do It tins wat Coimier 1 sure lo
luKe a hand, from information utatl-
I The one posbililt iliat tho thing
mat be staved off is that the experts
"Arabia, Armenia, Mesopotamia, Syria and Palestine
are entitled to recognition and separate national conditions.
What form each shall take it is not necessary to discuss
'The governing condition in Africa is that the inhabi
tants shall be placed under an administration acceptable to
themselves for the purpose of preventing their exploita
tion for the benefit of European capitalists and of European
The Welsh statesman bitterly assailed the German