THIS PAPBi: 1
1920 Campaign Opens.
With a Big Gun.
Only One Issue.
Hands and Feet Govern.
Hiram Johnson of California
may not know it, but his speech
on Government ownership of rail
roads in the Senate on Tuesday
opens officially the Presidential
campaign of 1920.
Whoever has any interest in the
1920 Presidential band wagon will
do well to climb aboard NOW and
sit en the Government ownership
Government ownership of rail
roads and Government owner
ship of many other things is
THO issue in the United States.
There isn't any other, and who
ever fails to see it is gone politi
cally. California is a long way from
the East where Presidential nomi
nations and elections are supposed
to be controlled. But such a
speech as Johnson made on Tues
day in the 'Senate brings Califor
nia close to every man In the
Ambitious statesmen of all
stripes take notice.
There is a real issue before the
American people, ownership by the
people of natural monopolies that
derive all their value from the
That Issue will not be lost amid
all the patriotism and profiteering
of the war. Johnson of California
is in a position where he can take
care of that, and he will do it.
A bulldog hanging to a root
gives a good imitation of John
son, when he is interested.
Concerning overpaying of the
railroads, Johnson compared the
treatment that the country gives
the man drafted In the army,
where he may be shot, with the
treatment that the country pro
poses to give the railroads, that
are to be rebuilt at the public ex
pense. This is the kind of ques
tion Johnson asks not easy for
rrilroad gentlemen to answer.
"Where Is the man who would
have suggested that we pay the
men we are to send to the trenches
a sum equal to the average of
their last three years' earnings;
He would have been laughed to
scorn on this floor?"
Johnson went on to say that 8
per cent would be guaranteed on
railroad stocks and bonds, 50 per
cent of which represented noth-
Congratulations also, to' Repre.
sentative Stephena-df Nebraska.
He calls thief a thief even when
the thief happens to be a whole
saler, dealing only in millions.
"The men who are responsible
for the wrecking of railroads,"
says he, "should have been put in
the penitentiary long ago." That
idea has been spreading lately. It
is held by at least ninety out of
every hundred Americans at this
The angels must weep, as they
look on poor befuddled Russia an
nouncing that "the workmen's and
peasants' government" is compelled
to accept any demands made by
Germany, because, to the intense
surprise of the workmen and
peasants, Germany's army marches
against Russia now that the Rus
sian army is demoralized and dis
To read that the "workmen's
Arvl npnQBTlfQ trntrprnmont" Vina
w: rc'zrr.: """, ;:r-
uiui cn&rge ui a country, is line
reading- that the feet and hands
are taldnsr charge of a human
I horlv. Thft horlvr npArla h ff
and hands. It also needs A BRAIN
and two eyes.
And Russia, which needs Its
workmen and peasants, its feet
and hands, also needs a governing,
It hasnt got it, and that makes
things amusing for the Germans.
When the masses of the people
use their power to get what is due
them, under intelligent direction
as when they chose Cromwell In
England, or Washington In the
United States, or Garibaldi in t
Italy the thing works well. Kor
then "workmen and peasants."
bands and feet, do not attempt to
secede from the brain and go along
Without brains or eyes or direc
tion, pity the poor Russia that
walked with its nose in the air
looking for liberty, and fell into
the German swamp.
Germany, highly delighted to
find SOMETHING that she can
beat, after three years of check
mating, marches her troops
against the disorganized peas
antry on a four-hundred-mile line.
She says to the trembling, help
less hands and feet that she will
take four thousand million dollars
of indemnity and Riga, and vast
And the government by hands
and feet can only say "Take
whatever ypu like, but don't
shoot us. we are doing the best we
fan trying to get along without a
By the way. prosperous gentle
men of America, suffering acute
pain because of war taxes, work
out this little problem in arith
metic: If Germany having poverty
stricken Russia at her mercy asks
for FOUR THOUSAND MILLIONS
u uuuurn, now wucu uo you minK :
she would ask If she had her way '
with the United States? What
peace over here What would
YOU have left, after paying the
ON FOOD ED
New British Envoy Has Ex
Agreeable Personality a
By DAVID LAWRENCE.
(Copyright. Ill, by New Tort Evening Post
Lord Reading. British ambassador
and high commissioner, got down to
business today. His calls of courtesy
over, his preliminary meetings with
officials and diplomats ended, the
man who is to represent every act
ivity in the United States of Great
Britain, diplomatic, financial, and
commercial, began at once to con
centrate his attention on the food
problem admittedly the most ser
ious thing in the entire situation.
For without food, workers in muni
tion plants cannot labor and soldiers
America has the food not all of
It yet, but enough to tide over the
crisis and England has the ships
ready at seaboard. The difficulty is
one of' Internal transportation.
' One of Many Problems. "
Pat thie U. only one of the many
problems which the new en Toy must
work out. He la an extraordinary
man, extraordinary in hie capacity
and skill and extraordinary In the
position he occupies. For Lord Read
ing; or Sir Rufus Isaacs, is still Lord
Chief Justice of England. He did not
resign when he left Great Britain,
but both bar and bench approved the
unprecedented decision of the Gov
ernment to send him to the United
It is aa much a departure from
English custom aa It would be to
send Chief Justice White to Paris
as special ambassador though we sent
Justice Day to attend the peace con
ference which settled the Spanish
American War and employed Justice
Lamar in the Mexican-American Med
iation, in 1914.
Speaks For Empire.
Lord Reading came, however, not
as a special envoy, but as the British
ambassador with extraordinary pow
ers. He is the head of the several
British war missions, military and
financial and commercial, and the dip
lomatic representative at the same
time of the British empire. He speaks
for the British empire and Is respons
ible to his Rovernment for all the
numerous instrumentalities for co
operation with the allies which have
been located in the United States
since our entrance Into the war.
But the new ambassador is distinc
tive In another sense. lie has a
unique personally. He fortunately
has none of the transparent formalltv
that so many foreign envoys employ
as a means of enforcing their dignity.
Lord Reading Is a democratic Individ- I
ual of a character most Impressive. '
.Not ".Shiny" Diplomat. j
As one talks to him, there is a sln-l
gular directness and clarity which ,
stamps him as more of a business I
man than a shifty diplomatist. He i
has a twinkle of humor In his eye and I
m. kui.b mai augurs an even equlli
(Continued on Page 2, Column 6.)
Tad'sDaily Cartoons Page 15
Tad never fails to amuse you.
The Full Page of Comics Page 14
This is the only page of comics in Washington.
Goldberg's Daily Cartoon Page 17
His pictures are in a class by themselves.
The Wolves of New York Page 12
The best newspaper serial ever published.
To My Sweetheart Soldier Page 12
Every woman should read these letters.
What Congress Did, by W. V. Byars Page 11
A comprehensive daily article by an expert.
Heard and Seen, by Earl.Godwin Page 18
A column of local comment.
Winifred Black's Article Page 18
She writes about things in your life.
TO RAISE PASSENGER
RATES TO CUT .
Cnrtallment of passenger traffic
by sharp Increases In passenger
rates and by elimination of com
petlng overnight trains between
Middle West commercial centers
Is expected to be ordered soon by
the Railroad Administration.
Interchangeable tickets will be
Introduced st the same time to
rednco inconvenience to a mini
mum. These steps are being worked
out in detail now and as soon as
completed wil be ordered into
effect by Director General 31c"
Adoo. There Is no possibility of a
street car strike in Washington
or a tie-up of the lines of the
Capitol Traction Company as a
result of wage demands by the
Reports to this effect are with
ont foundation, and there Is no ,
occasion for alarm.
Men of the company, wlro araro
pletely organized In Division SSS of
the Amalgamated Association of
Street and Electric 'Railway Em
ployes of America today presented
demands for a wage Increase, to the
Demands In Letlrr.
The wage demands were outlined in
the following letter sent by the men
to George E. Hamilton, president of
"Dear Sir In compliance with sec
tion 28 of agreement between your
company and Division 6S9 of Amalga
mated Association of Street and Elec
tric Employes of America, we take
thla means of notifying you that. In
compliance with the provisions of this
section which states that either party
to the contract may, by giving writ
ten notice thirty days prior to the
30th of March, open up the agree
ment so far as the subject of wage
is concerned. And, therefore, we re
quest that sections IS and -6, which
cover the wage, De openea up ana
changed to read as follows:
'Section IS That all motormen
and conductors, on and after March
30, 1918, shall receive a flat rate of
wap of 40 cents per hour; that the
otl.rr provision of this section which
pro ides that where motormen and
conductors act as Instructors they
shall receive 3 eenta per hour above
the scale shall be continued.
"Section 26 That all barnmen and
switchmen on and after March 30,
1918, shall receive 5 cents per hour
Plead Living Cost larreaae.
"We feel that it l.i scarcely neces
sary for us to argue with you the
necessity of this increase, since the
last wage adopted, which at that
time was not sufficiently high to meet
the cost of living then prevailing,
since that time the cost of living
haj so Increased that it is not pos
sible for us to maintain the standard
of American living that prevails in
the District of Columbia, and continue
(Continued on Page 16, Column 1.)
CAR IN ASK
WASHINGTON. WEDNESDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 20. 1918.
FOR RIG RATTLE. SAYS
OPEN SAFE N
Discovered By Sheriff, Robbers
Flee in Automobile Amid Hail
of Bullets One Belie. :d
The safe in the postoffice at Hy
attsville was dynamited before day
light this morning by three masked
men, who made their escape in a
One man is believed to have been
Entrance to the postoffice was
gained when the rear door was
The door of the safe was demol
ished, bnt about ?500 worth of post
age and War Savings stamps were
untouched. This was due to the
quick discovery of the yeggmen at
work by Thomas Garrison, chief dep
uty sheriff of Hyattsville, who lives
next door to the postoffice.
The circumstances under which
Garrison drove the masked men from
the postoffice were thrilling.
It was 4 o'clock thl mnrnhir ul4k
i a drizzling rain falling whknJtJarri-
vm v. mm 4vuct uuiu UlS iccp By a
dull booming. He aat up In bed. nib.
blng his eyes. Almost immediately he
thought about the postoffice and
knew that the noise that had awak
ened him was a dynamite explosion.
He went to his bedroom window and
opened the window. It was pitch
dark, not an electric light was burn
ing. Out of the darkness, Garrison
made out a tiny shaft or light
through the postoffice window.
Sheriff Opens Fire.
He saw the light for only a second j
and It flashed out. There was no
need for further investigation and the
sheriff In his night clothes opened
Garrison fired at the rear door of
the postoffice. The three veggmen,
with their heads low, ran through the
doorway as the sheriff emptied an
other chamber of his revoler. The
sheriff believes he hit one man. who
momentarily stopped and then stag
gered on. Garrison tired his third
Then the yeggs, or one of them,
opened fire upon the sheriff. They
fired three bullets In the direction of
the dark window, splintering the win
dow sill, but not hitting Garrison.
Aa Garrison was getting Into his
trousers he heard the three men run
ning down the alley behind the post
office. Then he heard an automobile
chugging and looked for the light on
the roadway from Its headlights
But there were no lights The au
tomobile sped away at high i,p-ed in
the darkness without headlights.
The explosion followed by Hie pis
tol duel had brought a few citizens to
the scene. An Investigation was
made and It was discovered that noth
ing had been stolen, although the
door of the safe had been blown to
pieces by dynamite.
Tools Left Behind.
On the floor were tools a saw, sev
eral wrenches and flies. When Garri
son opened fire the yeggmen were o
anxious to get out that they forgot
The tools offer no clue, howrver, as
it was later learned that tliey had
been stolen from a workshop near by.
The postoffice at Hyattsville, on
the boulevard to Baltimore. Is abusy
place. About ?20O worth of War Sav
ings Stamps are sold there dally. It
Is said. Miss M 12 Tlsf. of Hyatt
vllle. is the postmistress.
MOVE TO INVALIDATE
Congressman McLemore or Texas
this afternoon moved to invalidate
the prohibition amendment. He in
troduced In the Hrvise a resolution
pointing out that Article V of he
Constitution -states "that the Con
gress, whenever two-third? of the
members of both Houses shall deem
It necessary, shall propose an amend
ment to the Constitution."
The resolution contends that the
prohibition amendment was passed by
th llri.se In contravention of thli
provision, ai the vote was only two
thirds of the members present. In
stead of two-thirds of the entire mem
bership. He cells for a reconsidera
tion of the constitutionality of the
measure by the House Judiciary Commute.
FIRST NATIONAL INS. CO. CHARGED WITH
CROOKED PRACTICES BY COURT AUDITOR
"Southern Realty Company a
Cover for Abuse of Powers
and Mask for Indefensible
Acts," He Says.
In his report filed in court today,
regarding the dissolution of the
First National Fire Insurance Com
pany, Herbert L. Davis, auditor of
the District Supreme Court, dis
closes that the Southern Building,
at the corner of Fifteenth and H
streets northwest, is the property of
the stockholders of the insurance
company and not of the Southern
Mr. Davis comment in severe
terms on the methods used in the
organization of the realty corpora
tion and says evidence discloses
"the glaringly apparent object of
the realty corporation to act as a
cover for the abuse of power and of
acts clearly subversive of the rights
of the stockholders in the insurance
"Mask for Insurance Co."
Speaking of the transfer at the
title of the Southern building. Mr.
Davis says the realty corporation was
used "merely as a mask for the in
surance company throughout the
The realty corporation was organ
ized in Delaware with a capital stock
of $7,000, and took title to the South
ern building, issuing bonds for SDOO.
000 to the insurance company for Its
equity. He recommends that the dis
solution of the insurance company be
completed He estimates the assets
of the First National Fire Insurance
Company at S1.293,2980. and the li
abilities at J1.O07.11U 4'.:.
Depends on Sale of Building.
These figures depend upon the con
tingency of the sale of the Southern
Building for not less than JI.S00.0OO.
The action of the Insurance company
In using Its funds for the creation
of the realty corporation, according
to Mr. Davis, is In violation of sec
tion G20 of the Code, which forbids
the uie of the funds of a corporation
for the purchase of stock in any other
He recommends that legal steps be
taken for the recovery of the funds
which he says exceed $7,600. The
temporary receivers are
John Lewis Smith and E. J. Walsh,
of this city, and William S. Homer, of
New York city.
EL PASO REPORTS
Kti PASO. Tex Feb. 20. Francisco
Villa, with 3.C00 troops has captured
Jimlnez and La I-az. Chihauhau, ac
cording to word received hero today,
from Chihuahua City.
Federal forces, the report said, lied
northuanl in disorder and took
refuge within Chihuahua City.
It is expected Villa will attack Chi
huahua City and continue his drive
northward to Juarez.
A New One
If you ever play the great
American game you will enjoy
"Penny Ante," the new comic.
It is on Page Sixteen Today.
NEW VILLA ARMY
Wants to "Pound Brass"
on U. S. Dreadnaught
mmmmmmmmWmmmmmmmmmmWBS&ikmmW.'ii -f KSISISISISISISISISISISIsB
BBBEEBBBBHBSK9wpsB5iaf2 M 'fdsflsBBBBBBsl
BmmmWLmmKkiKisS&PPfy 'tilM j3
asasasasBBBBsasBs9BSsasBflBBsmi&? k?S iKU-";3'?H'aasBsasasasasasasasasasasasasa1
BssBsssssssssBssssssssEasaisssssassssV&L VT'f f5 vt -'IsssssssssssssssMMREH
MISS-ELIZABETH L. DuVAL.
JOB ON WARSHIP
Miss Elizabeth Langsdale DuVal,
of Baltimore, the only American wo
man who has served as a licensed
wireless telegraph operator on ship
board, is In Washington today seek
ing the distinction of being the first
American girl to obtain the post of
wireless operator on board a United
States naval vessel.
Seeking a post on board a warship
Is in keeping with the traditions of
her family, for a long Una of Ameri
can patriots are registered on her
Grandfather Noted Jurist.
Her great-grandfather. Judge Ga
briel DuVal, was one of the first Jus
tices of the Supreme Court of the
United States. Her father is Edmund
Drice DuVal, of 200 North Charles
She Is both young and pretty and
more than one young naval officer
who saw her at the Navy Department
when she presented her petition to
Senator Oicar W. Underwood of
Alabama, who contended against
Woodrow Wilson for the Democratic
Presidential nomination In 1012, this
afternoon warned Congress against
the danger of setting up an autoc
racy at home while lighting abroad
to "make the world safe for democ
racy." He urged Congress to cease
granting the President broad blanket
Congress, he declared, had made
many grave mistakes since the war
began in it's grants of almost unlimit
ed power to the President. These mis
takes, he said, were largely due to
"generosity and patriotism in it's en
deavor to respond to the needs of the
nation. The time has come for Con
gress to pause and consider, he .said.
"Democracy cannot be safe, lie de
clared, "In tho hand of an autocratic
government, when the power of gov
ernment la placed In the hands of
men and not in the hands of a govern
ment by law "
Senator Unde-wood praised Repub
lican Senators fur breaking down'
party lines to support the President's
war measures He declared there
was no parallel In history for the na i
tional unity of America at the present!
Closing Wall Street Prices.
Secretary Daniels hoping for her
appointment to bis ship.
Miss DuVal passed the examination
required by the Department of Com
merce and obtained her license as an
operator some time ago. She ia at
present employed as Junior operator
on the steamship Howard of the Mer
chants' and Miners' line, plying be
tween Baltimore and Jacksonville.
Work Deelared Efficient.
On shipboard she Is In sole charge
of the radio instruments from 1
o'clock until 6 o'clock each afternoon
and from 1:30 until S o'clock each
morning. Her superiors state that
her work was as efficient as that of
the men who preceded her.
Her application for a naval post
was made directly to Secretary of
the Navy Daniels. The Secretary told
her that her application is at present
"I feel that my patriotism can best
be demonstrated," she told Secretary
Daniels, "aboard a United States naval
vessel, although I am not averse to
'doing iny tri-.' on land."
BERLIN. Via London. Feb. 20
"We have advanced twenty kilome
ters (about twelve and one-half
miles) beyond our previous positions
on the Hlgn-Petrograd railway." the
German war office announced today.
"From Dvlnsk we pressed on to the
northeast and eait beyond Luck,
marching on Kovno We took 2,300
prisoners, several hundred machine
guns, and much rolling stock," the
"Feeble resistance near Inseem was
APPOINTS ENVOY HERE
FITCHItUItG. Mass., Feb. 20 San-!
perl Nuorteva. editor of Klavaaja j
here, was requested by cable today to '
become the American representative '
of the new Finnish revolutionary
provisional government He immedi
ately cftbled his acceptance and will
proceed to Washington The appoint
ment wan received from Foreign Mln- I
rater Slfola. t
ON ROSSIAN FRONT
PRICE TWO SENTS.
The great drhro on the wet
front Is near.
Extensive aeroplane activity,
which always precedes a heavy
military operation, Is reported
from Switzerland to the sea.
Germany has mobilized all
available men for the supreme
The allies are prepared and an
optimistic'. From all comes the
"WE ABB BEXDT. LET Elt
now ready iorvbattla on the west
front, Secretary of War Baker aa-
noonced today in his weekly war re
view; The Germans recently hare with
drawn a number of their west front
units from the first line trenches
and are busily training them ta
"According to advices received the
German general staff hopes that by
massing a large number of these
picked shock battalions, which have
been intensively trained, they may
deliver a crushing blow."
Unused An West Warfare.
Howtver. Secretary Baker add, a
large number of units the bulk
of the German forces now assembled
in the west" are -wholly untrained
in the method of western front war
fare." Furthermore. Mr. Baker says, the
German command "realizes fully that
their force j will .be met with far
more difficult tactical obstacles than
any hitherto encountered by an at
tacking army." A break through In
Russia and Italy was possible, he
added, "only -after the morale had
Secretary Baker expressed a belief
that the Germans "may And it e
pedlent to advance on Petrograd." He
made the statement In view of the
concentration of "an Important body"
of German cavalry in the vicinity uf
Ilusalan Status "niflenK."
"It Is difficult to determine the ex
act status of affn.-s in south, estern
Russia." he addtu
The retreat of Russian "Idle-s be
fcr .the Turkish array wai brought
out. and that Russian contingents ar
evacuating the Armenian centers
south of the Black sea. The Turn
are occupying these positions and
Treblzond "probably will fall into
Turkish hands soon."
The Secretary also told of Ameri
can trench activities during the week
Rainy weather kept the men at the
pumpt much of the time, to keep the
trenches livable. Late in the week,
hostile aircraft appeared frequently
over the American positions and a
"marked Improvement in our antl
aircraft barrage was reported." The
sector was "showered with gas bombs,
which, however, caused no casualties
owing to efficient gas-mask protac
The most important engagement of
the week on the entire west front,
was preceded by a Joint American
French artillery preparation In the
"After very careful artillery prep
aration during which our batteries
co-operated usefully, French Infantry
advanced to the assault southwest of
the Butte du Masnll. along a front of
about 1.-100 yards. They penetrated
the German first and second line po
sitions and reached the third. Inflict
lng heavy damage to the enemy pe.
sltlons and returning with 150 prison
ers." Text of Resort.
The Secretary's report in full fol
lows: While there have been outwardly
no new developments in the military
situation In the west, during the
period under review, yet it Is appar
ent that both the enemy and the al
lies, after the extensive preparations
which have been silently and syste
matically carried on. are ready for
The Germans have recently with
drawn a number of their veteran west
front units from the first line trench
and are busily training them in
According to advices received, ihe
rinan general staff hopea that by
massing a large number of thet
picked shock battalions which half
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