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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, February 25, 1918, FINAL EDITION, Image 1

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Goat's Head Swallowed.
Kaiser as Dragon,
lighten Up, America.
Prussian Appetite Big.
Russia accepts Prussia's "peace."
Nearly half a million square
miles of territory, all the shore of
the Baltic, fifty millions of popula
tion are ceded by Russia to Ger
many at the first stroke. "
Russia, even If she had a gov
ernment, a directing brain, would
be powerless, cut off from the Bal
tic, shut out of the Mediterranean
by Prussia's control of Turkey and
the Dardanelles.
The head and neck of the poor
Russian goat are in the mouth of
the Prussian boa-constrictor. How
long will it take for the whole ani
mal to be swallowed?
After Germany swallows Rus
sia, what?
Germany leading her own forces,
pins Austria, Bulgaria, and Turkey,
and feeding on Russia, would
present somethingf a problem.
It may become worth while for
this country, now busy with its
nobly altruistic helping on the
other side, to think earnestly about
its future problems at home.
If it is true that we are short
of grain, rifles, and other things,
we might consider gradually stor
ing up those things against the
day of further kultur expansion.
Germany at least should be con
fined to Europe, and whatever part
of Asia she can get. It is perhaps
not too early to think about
things necessarv in order to make
sure that Ilohenzollern rule will
never come as far as this conti
nent. Isn't it important to put on the
right oasis the northern half of
America, from the Panama canal
to the north pole?
The Canadians may be trusted
to do their share in co-operation
with the United States, if it ever
comes to a question of a war be
tween America and Prussianized
But what about Mexico to the
south? What about the country
that offers a foothold to German
wireless stations, the country to
which Prussia kindly offered a
strip of Texas, while offering
California to Japan?
Isn't it important for the
United States to think about mak
ing Mexico useful, secure, happy,
and prosperous as the Mexicans
would like tohave her?
Isn't Mexico, run partly by
brigandage, partly by guess work,
and partly- by Prussian influence,
rather a dangerous breeding place
and LANDING PLACE for any
attacks upon America from Eu
rope or Asia?
The President has one quality
besides many others. He keeps his
counsel, gets all possible informa
tion and gives out very little as to
his thinking.
Those that study his face, in
Washington, as he goes about, con
centrated, rarely smiling, do not
doubt that his thought is on the
problems of THIS continent. Its
future and security, as well as
upon the immediate great problem
of helping Europe to remain civil
ized. It may sound ridiculous in opti
mistic quarters to talk about vic
torious Prussia attacking this con
tinent. It would have pounded ridiculous
a while ago to talk about rrussia
taking Russia, welcomed by the in
habitants of Petrograd, with Rus
sian regiments joining the Prus
sian army. In war. it i the ridicu
lous that HAPPENS only too
The important step is to estab
lish order in Mexico in the quick
est possible and most permanently
Katisfactory way by giving the
Mexicans United States citizen
ship, United States public schools,
ana United States wages.
The other side of the Prussian
J problem may be presented as fol
ows: When a savage beast has eaten
all it wants, it lies down to rest
and digest Russia is a consider
able meal, even for Prussia's ap
petite, and she will hardly feel
like swimming across the Atlantic
for more exercise immediately
after such a meal.
In one of his operas Wagner
has a character, the giant Fafner,
that typifies Prussia.
Fafner secures the Rheingold
treasure. He changes himself
into a huge dragon, and you see
him on the stage, a husky Ger-.
man, with a bass voice hidden in
side of him, lying on his pile of
gold and growling, "I lie and pos
sess, let me sleep."
The Kaiser has in Russia and
the roarvelously rich empire of
Siberia a treasure to make the
Rheingold look like miserable
poverty. Perhaps the Hohenzol
Jern Fafner will be content to lie
digesting for a while, singing in his
own pretty language, "Ich liege
und besitze, lass' mich schlafen."
Tlie principal pressing problem
here at home is Mexico. The Ger
mans are doing there now the
tcork of propaganda and disin
tegration that they did so well in
Russia. That work should be
stopped, Mexico should be paci
It will not be done so easily
later if Prussia is allowed to con
tinue operations there.
Rain tonight or tomor
rows warmer todayi
Ilg-htty colder tomorrow.
Temperature at S a. bl,
42 derree. Aifrixc tem
perature for tali day for
thirty years, 30 decrees.
NUMBER 10.450.
"Old Gang," Vigorously Fought
by the President, Is Back in
Saddle New Senator Is 78
Years Old.
(Copyrhrht. 1IU, by New Tork ETfnlnr Post
America is at war trying to make
the world safe for democracy and
the supposition is that the principles
of liberalism are Implanted firmly
enough at home to make us worry
very Httle about domestic autocracy
and bourbonism.
But right in front of our noses
in President Wilson's own State, New
Jersey something has just happen
ed which signifies a swing back, a
retrogression, a return to reactlon-
arism, and the rule of the few, to
bosslsm andvH-he obnoxious
tices which were repudiated by the
people when they elected Woodrow
Wilson governor in 1910.
Political Boss 'amed.
Eight years absence of the most
progressive magistrate the State of
New Jersey ever had and the forces
of reaction finally are on top, but not
through an election, not through the
will of the people, but through Gov
ernor Edge's appointment to the
United States Senate of an old-fash
ioned political boss the Hon. David
Balrd, of Camden county.
So detasteful is the selection, even
to Republicans, that Senator Frellng-
huysen. Republican, of New Jersey in
a statement repudiates the published
intimation that he was consulted
about the appointment beforehand.
Mr. Balrd is to New Jersey what
Penrose is to Pennsylvania. Mr.
Balrd Is to the Republican partv what
Jim Smith was to the Democratic
fold. Both Smith and Balrd were
openly denounced by Woodrow Wll
son and as vehemently fought In his
memorable restoration of the State
from the hands of the bosses to lib
eral and progressive spokesmen. And
that fight helped materially to get
Mr. Wilson national Support. It
made him President,
Edgea Ilrnua.
Walter K. Edge, governor of New
Jersey, dreamed a dream of upward
Journeys In the political world. What
one New Jersey governor had done,
he thought, could be repeated. But
whatever Mr. Kdge may have done to
give the Impression of efficiency here
tofore has been swept aside by his
surrender to overweening ambition
the thing that has so often poisoned
clear-thinking and sincerity in public
Many a man has steered a straight
forward ourse, has even camouflaged
by seeming to be non partisan, only
to reveal by a sudden play that he
was merely using his office to further
his own political ends.
Facts of Cue.
Here are the facts: Governor Kdge
appoints David Balrd a United States
Senator. Mr. Balrd Is seventy eight
years of age, too old to be a candi
date to succeed himself. And Gov
ernor Edge in a public statement
practically lets It be known that In
the regular election next fall he will
make the race himself. To enable
him to do so. he must get a man who
will surely retire, a man with whom
he can reach an understanding, and
New Jerseyltes know how many po
lltlcal understandings have been
Balrd s since the days of the famous
"board of guardians" who ruled the
"board of guardians" who ruled the
self-sufficiency until, by an over
whelming vote, the p-.ple chose a
college professor, a man 'intralned In
politics, but with a personality that
(Continued on Page 2, Column 3.)
8,636 Lines of Advertising (31 Cols.)
Over the Corresponding Day (Feb. 25) Last Year.
Diet of Straw and
Snowballs Drives
Prodigal Cow Insane
With only chance wisps of straw
for food and snowbanks to
qnench her thirst. Theodore Kant
ten's Holsteln cow went wild.
It was her own fault, howevsr,
for Instead of remaining within
the confines of the barnyard
fences, as any gentle cow should, '
she took to the fields.
For three weeks she was. miss
ing "somewhere In WooSv coun
ty" partaking of her meager ra
tions and Incidentally losing car
When roped and hauled In yes
terday, the cow refused to return
to her old rations and the change
in her disposition mads It neces
sary for her to be shot.
With & bltt erne is unzurpuned In
fc Qrnta RntA t-i ev T X.
.prac-fcumber; - Tlenubliein, &f fXorthl
Dakota, today condemned what he
termed "the Bolshevlki influence" In
American labor organizations, and
with equal vehemence denounced the
war profiteering of big business as
exemplified by the Hog Island scan
dal. The Senator come out frankly for
the conscription of labor. He urged
the prompt passage of his bill to
draft all male citizens over eighteen
and under sixty-two years of age into
a reserve army "for service In trans
portation, shipbuilding, production
of munitions of war, and other war
supplies as may be necessary." Paint
ing a pessimistic picture of the
present war situation, he warned the
nation that disaster impends and that
only the most heroic and united ef-
fort on the part of all the American
people can avert it.
Criticises Baker.
With biting sarcasm, the Senator
criticised Secretary of War Baker's
statement that the prospects were
"not unpromising" for the sending
of 1.500,000 American troops to
France during 1918. The transpor
tation and maintenance of such a
number of troops would require 9,-
(f' ntlnued on Page 16, Column 3.)
BHREVEPORT, La., Feb. 25. Miss
Levlnus Held, whose mother Is said i
to live In Washington, D. C, la dying
In Charity Hospital here today as a
result of a sslf-lnfllcted revolver i
K. C. McCoIlmn, express company
employe, has a bullet Hole through
his body and a flesh wound In tho
Miss Reld fired two shots at McCol
lum and then turned Uie weapon on
herself last night after a quarrel.
AMSTERDAM. Feb. 23. There are
numerous Indications In Germany of
a systematic campaign to promote a
new irenerai siriKe. snyo crnn
dispatch to
the Weser Zeltung, of
J Bremen.
Report Indicates Belief Some
Relief Is Necessary, But Pre
fers to Let Congress Settle
Matter in Own Way.
A bill authorizing and direct
ing the Postoffice Department to
take over the telephone system
in the District of Columbia is
being prepared this afternoon
by Chairman Ben Johnson of (he
House Committee on the District
of Columbia.
The Publie Utilities Commission
today passed up to Congress the
whole question of the telephone sit
uation in Washington, suspending
for the present any action upon the
application of the company for in
creased ratcsT. - , ).
The commission announced Satur
day that it believed the company en
titled to relief and would render its
decision within a few days.
Burleson To Press Bill.
The action taken today confirmed In
formation coming to The Times that
Postmaster General Burleson proposes
to press before Congres without delay
for Government ownership or control
of the telephone lines of the District not
only as a measure of protection to the
Government, but for the improvement
of the service, which has been as ob
jectionable to the Uo eminent as to
prtvade Indliduals.
The formal announcement of the Utili
ties Commission was that the testimony
before that body "clearly Indicate that
the company is entitled to some relief.
The relief sought is designed to increase
revenues and to decrease traffic.
IVoald Involve SaeriAcrs.
"To give either or both kinds of relief
would Involve a necessary sacrifice on
the part of the individual patron of
the telephone company. If there were
nothing before the commission but the
testimony it would be the duty of the
commission at once to make some re
adjustment of rates and terms of serv
ice." The proposition of the Postmaster
General to the commission Is then re
ferred to, and the conclusion reached
that the commission is bound to "take
this offer Into consideration. The
Postmaster General cannot act with
out legislative authority. Therefore.
the commission will suspend action
on the application or the telephone
company so that Congress, If It seen
fit, may give the Postmaster General
the authority he neeus to make his
offer effective."
Government naekii Iiiirleson.
Mr. Burleson will pursue the matter
before the proper committees of Con
gress, backed by executive heads of '
departments and possibly by I'resI
(Continued on Page 16. Column 1 )
For the first time since
Ish aviators have been In
the Tirlt-Washlng-
ton one of their planes went up to
day with an American pilot. Shortly
before 1 o'clock Major Smith, of the
American Aviation service took his
place In the driver's seat of the Brit
ish biplane and rose Into the air
alone. The members of the British
flying corps aid that his perform
ance was a very creditable one. as
he was driving a strunge machine
for the first time.
Congressman Itoyal C. Johnson of
South Dakota also made a flight as
a passenger of Lieut. Col. Charles r.
Lee. lie flew over the city at 12:0
In full sight of the crowds then leav
ing the (lovernment departments ami
buslne houses of the city for lunch.
Lleu'enant Sully also made a flight
with Captain Fleet of the American
army as a passenger
This afternoon Congressman Harry
B. Hull of Iowa will fly with Colonel
PETROGRAD, Feb. 24. (Delayed).' 'When the world's proletariat comes to
our jiid we will renew the fight," Premier Lenine declared today, in urging' the ex
ecutive committee of the Pan-Soviets to accept Germany's peace terms.
LONDON", Feb. 23. The executive committee of the Pan-Soviets have agreed to
accopt the German Peace terms, by a vote of 12G to S3, with 26 not voting, official dis
patches from Petrograd state.
Russia's acceptance of Germany's peace terms changes the face of Europe.
It cuts off from Russia 381,000 square miles of territory, 50,000,000 population, and
shoves her hack from the Baltic, leaving her helpless and impotent in Germany's power,
economically :uid physically.
Press Calls It Treachery.
1 The morning press today has not I --
FRANCE. Fib 23. American soldiers
co-operato-l with the French In a sue
cesaful raid agalnit German portions on
tho Chemln de Dames front. Jut before
dawn on Saturday. It was learned tod.i.
Two Gfrnun officers, twenty men and
n, machine gun were captured. Ihc foray
being carried out without any buses for
the attackers.
The Frencn ana American rawer is-,
sued from advanced shell hole, where I
.,-.. i.-.i ...,..i e .!. ...,,... i- .
Tlie French and American raldert
,,- .a iHiniintnliHl ttvr- the ntipralion. .
They quickly passca the enrnivs nrst
line ijnd reached tho dugouts win re the
prisoners wero taken.
Clin Fire Heat.
There was Increasing artillery
nlong the Toiil sector of the American
front on Sunday, although tho shell
1p was not as heav as that on Frl
nay. The trench mortars were Inactive,
only one "(lying pig" being sent over
by the i.criiiuiis
The night piitrolling In "N'o Man's
LantI" has I ome more frequent, in
volving much entanglement cutting
and repiiiimg
One IIo lie patrol tli.lt U.I- dnien
off left grenmles gloxes, and u IWlin
newspaper alongside of an American
listening- post
yet had tlmo to comprehend the full
i meaning of the situation. The head
lines contained such words as
' "tragic." "dismembered;" "humlllat- i
lng." "impotent." !
I The Post says there Is no other h -1
I pothesls "but treachery."
I "She Is disarmed and helpless." says1
the Chronicle. '
I David R. Francis, the American am-
I bassador to Russia, is reported
have left 1'etroirrail.
Mr. Franci.s' destination Is not den
nltelv known, but It Is believed to be
Vladivostok ;
A previous report from Petrocrad.
dated SatuVday. al that the Amer
uaieti ?aiuruay. kihi mai me .imcr.
lean and Japanese and several foreicn
legations were prcparinR to Ieavo for
the east.
ustrla Ilenilj- for Peace.
Austria, in concert with her allies,
IB reported ready to conclude necotia
tlons of peace with I!usla.
Foreign Minister Czernln wirelessed
this message to Forelcn Minister
uns message to '"""K" e"B,"rr '
J ff" " "J' to, "'A1",', 1,7,". I
of bebruary IS, as to whether Austria'
"l r-u"y
accoI.jnff to rnilio messages today
from Ilasle. Switzerland.
ltolshevlk forces have occupied
ItnstuN. It was announced today,
titreet fighting contlni
Rostov Is an Impo city In t
te.rltory of the Don Cossacks, lot-.. -on
the Don river, a short distance I
from the northeasternniost arm of the
sea of Azov.
Dictatorship Iteported.
A military dictatorship has been
proclaimed in Russia according to In.
formation from Berlin.
Ensign Kry-
lenko has been deposed as the llol
khevik commander-in-chief.
Tlie new Rus-mho oniniunder-in-
chief is Iener.il itrujewitsch
cording to tlie iierun amices, "ru -
(Continued on Page 2, Column 1 )
..W..... ....'W
One American was killed and two
wounded bv Mexican bandits at Tarn-
. ,, , , , t
Pc according to advices received by
tho tftato Department today. The
identity of the men was not an
nounced. They were employed on a
pay boat operated by one of the biff
oil companies at the Mexican port.
The State Department has made
i representations to the Mexican gov-
eminent tin the subject.
The State Department was inform-
ed this afternoon that the man killed
as Kdgar House, paymaster for the
" , . T,,,.fc.. ,
Texas Companies. Dr. Brisbane, of
the Island Oil and Transport Com
pany, and men named Pracher and
Mennet were slightly wounded.
KKRNC Feb. 23 An Austro-Ger-
mun council of war, at which Rm
peror Charles will be present, will
shortly be held at Trent, according- to
I iniorinaiiou rnnitii nr o luuaf.
, The chief leaders who have taken
part in the Italian campaign will be
.l-..a.tf It 14 us Minted.
j.-ied Marshal von. Mackensen will
Joln the f0Uncn after passing- upon
lltoumanlan matters.
Twit rxix is 1 1
EDSTIOft mm0
Hardy Newfoundland Seamen
Launch Lifeboats at Dawn
Despite Waves Bodies Are
Washed Ashore.
ST. JOHNS. N. F.. Feb. 25. Early
today forty-four snrvirors had been
taken off the wrecked steamship
Florizel, which went on the rock
at Broad Cove, near Cape Race. Sun
day. They Include Captain Martin
and the first officer. The survivors
were placed abroad a train for St
Johns, and are expected here late
this afternoon.
One hundred and two prsons have
perished among the passengers and
crew of the ship, according to 'word
reaching-here. This places the death
list higher than statements made by
the owning company the Red Cross
line, which stated that 138 were
aboard the FlorizeL;
Scenes of Heroism.
Scenes of indescribable heroism fat
the face of odds which itemed In
surmountable toolc place as hardy
Newfoundland seamen stoically
donned life belts, pllsd Into puny
dories and battled with the moun
tainous waves of the anry Atlantis.
At dawn today they began thslr
work of rescue. Off tht rocky coast.
where waves boomed menacingly, the
say hulk of what was once the pride
of the Red Cross line loomed In piti
ful memory of splendor. Fllttlns;
forms fell and rose on her deck as
hugre waves broke over and washed
across her.
Beats Xaaehed.
Life boats wero launched in the
early dayllsht by men who had left
rescue ships to add another tale of
heroism to the romantic stories of
i bravery which go hand In hand with
J records or shipping In this vicinity.
Several fruitless efforts to ret
through the waves did not deter the
efforts. Undaunted they returned to
their work and finally succeeded la
getting- a footing- on a portion of
the ship above 'the water. Ropes
which had been carried along- were
fastened to the ship and then run
out to vessels standing- by.
Life belts were hauled aboard the
wrec kand placed on the survivors.
most of whom were unable at thm
time to stand alone. Some were prac
tically unconscious.
Taken to Safety.
These relics of what had been
shin load of happy humanity were
i transferred to the boats which had
conquered the waves and taken to
The work of rescue occupied five
hours and at the end of the endeavor
it was stated probal ly most of the
saloon passengers were Hst.
A man named Captain James and
the manager. John Klelly Nlckell
j have been Identified among the sur
vivors in addition to the captain and
i flrst officer.
! Unconrtrmed advices here say that
! seven bodies already have beer
washed ashore. CapU Joe Keen is re
. nnrte.l among the dead. Fred Froud
' a business man of St John, also Is
reported among the missing. The
body of an unldentllled woman also
was washed ashor the dispatches
, said.
The beach near the wrecked steam
ship was lined with spectators all
day Sunday, but they were powerless
, to render aid. Early Sunday evening
1 3ve men lashed to the rigging were
seen signaling- for help. This morn
tng when the rescue work started
hey had disappeared.
i A telegram received at the office of
Howrlng Company, owners of the
Florizel. shortly after noon, stated
' that no word had been heard from
hn Munn, general manager or th-
'lne- hl ii.i.t enr old daughter, or
her nurse. wht ait believed to have
been lost
The survivors list Is expeeted
I shortly.

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