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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, February 26, 1918, FINAL EDITION, Image 1

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Today
A New Gabriel.
1920 Key-Noting.
A Candy Spy.
Men Cheap Money Dear.
The Reverend Win. A. Sunday's
musician, Mr. Rodeheaver, has a
new good idea.
To arouse interest, and wake
the sluggish conscience in Wash
ington, he will give an imitation
of the Angel Gabriel calling the
world at the last day, and do it
well.
He will go up in a flying machine
with Lieut. J. A. Sully, or the Eng
lishman, Lieut. Col. Lee, take his
trombone and flying over the city,
the Capital and the White House,
play "Brighten the Comer Where
You Are."
A musical evangelist playing
that tune in a flyip- machine will
give a sufficiently pleasing imita
tion of the Angel Gabriel one that
would perhaps surprise, but un
doubtedly edify, the Angel in ques
tion. What would be your suggestion
as to the best song for Gabriel,
or anybodv imitating him in a
flying machine, to play on his
trombone horn?
One reader suggests in view of
the trial that will folio the resur
rection that a good tune would be,
"A Hot Time.". A better tune m
that great gathering day we
should say would be "Home,
Sweet Home." Have you any
suggestion? If you were Gabriel,
what would you blow on your
"hom?
Men in the aviation service were
to be paid 50 per cent more than
other soldiers because of the
greater risk to life.
Now the Government an
nounces that 'aviation isn't as
risky as it was supposed to be,
only about fifty students have
been killed here at home this win
ter. So the extra pay is taken
away.
Very interesting, especially
when you remember that while
they take away the extra pay from
the men that risk their lives in
flying machines, they are adding
a half of 1 per cent to the interest
rate paid for money that the
Government borrows from pros
perous citizens.
What is the matter with Gov
ernment notes and Government
bonds? Have they suddenly be
come dangerous, have any of
THEM died, that it should be
necessary to increase their ".pay?"
When you take away the extra
pay from a conscripted soldier on
the ground that he may not be
killed in his flying machine, isn't
it rather odd to increase the pay,
the interest payment, of the abso
lutely safe bond that goes into the
safe deposit vault, where nothing
can happen to it?
We tell a man that we want
him for the army and the trenches
at Thirty Dollars a month. If he
refuses to appear, he isput in jail
for twenty years. Three men
were sentenced to twenty years
in jail yesterday.
Why not tell men with money
that the Government wants their
money, the rate of interest is so
much, and capitalists evading the
money draft will be put in jail
exactly like the little individual
evading the draft that calls for
his body and life?
The announcement is made that
Colonel Roosevelt will "sound the
Republican keynote in Maine on
March 26th."
The kevnote has ALREADY
been sounded, by Hiram Johnson,
of California, in the Senate.
There is for the 1920 campaign,
and for the approaching Congres
sional election, iust ONE keynote
for Democrats and Republicans,
and that is public OWNERSHIP of
public PROPERTY.
Politicians and statesmen sing
ing any other "note" will find
themselves off the key about
one mile.
The keynote question is: Shall
the people be taxed to rebuild rail
roads, pay huge dividends, in some
cases more than 20 per cent an
nually to those that have owned
the railroads privately and give
back the railroads rebuilt at pub
lie expense aftpr the war?-
The people have answered that
question, in their own minds and
any keynoter that leaves public
ownership out of his song will
miu jew listeners.
One "German Spy" was prob
ably innocent.
She was thrown out of the pet
dog show at New York because
she gae candy to some of the
dogs.
The lady said that she was just
fond of dogs, but the patriotic de
tective thought otherwise. "How
do we know," he asked, "that she
is not a German scattering pois
oned candy to kill the dogs?"
Considering that each of the
prize pet dogs eat delicate food
that would be highly appreciated
by Belgian children, considering
the further fact that each of them
has some man or woman that might
be doing useful work acting as a
dog valet. It Is reasonable to believe
that the candy distributer was not
hired by the Kaiser. The more
good food and the more human ef
fort wasted on pet dogs In Ameri
cathe better the Kaiser would
like it They are not feeding
chicken or candy to pet dogs In
Prussia rather feeding the pet
-, dogs to sausage machines.
WEATHER:
Fair today and tomor
row Ilffhtly colder to
morrow. Temperature at
,s n. m. today 38. Aver
age temperature for thin
day In the lant thirty
yearn, 37 degree.
NUMBER 10,451.
FRENCH ARE DELIVERING
BOASTED GERMAN DRIVE
VON HERTUNG
PRESIDENT
Opportunity to Show How Ger
many Has Just Violated in
Russia All Four Principles
Laid Down by President.
By DAVID LAWRENCE.
(Copyright. 1MJ. by New Til Eventa Port
Company.)
Ordinarily an acceptance in prin
ciple by both sides of the fundamen
tals of peace would lead promptly
to a cessation of hostilities, if not a
direct negotiation for a settlement
But Count von Hertling's expressed
agreement with President Wilson's
four stipulations fell on an unre
ceptive Washington today. It came
at a time when men of every variety
of thought on international prob
lems, men of all parties in our do
mestic politics, those who favor a
fight to the bitter end and those who
favor peace by negotiation, had
come to believe that when President
Wilson, ;fn his famous "reply to the
Pope said the present government of
Germany could not be trusted, he
spoke a truth that still persists as
the greatest obstacle to the making
of peace.
Xo Offhand Rejection.
Bat off-hand rejection of what enemy
spokesmen say merely because they do
not manifest sincerity In their utterances
has long been discarded In favor of the
much more effective method of making
i
clear not only to our own people, but so
far as possible to the peoples of Ger
many and Austria and the neutral na
tions exactly wherein the words of the
German cliancellor are specious.
For President Wilson now has the
opportunity and he will avail him
self of it at an early date to dem
onstrate simply by an analysis of
what has just happened In Russia the
perfidy of Germany In its lateBt form.
When Count Hertling says, there
fore, that he "can fundamentally
agree with the four principles which
In President Wilson's view must be
aplied in a mutual exchange of views,
and thus declare with President Wil
son that a general peace can be dis
cussed on such a basis." the German
chancellor uses words which are cal
culated to mislead the German people
into believing that their present gov
ernment Is really desirous of a gen
eral peace, but the allies mlsgulledly
block the way.
As a matter of fact every one of
the. four principles enunciated by
Preildent Wilson have Just been fla
grantly violated In actual practice bv
Germany In Itussla. Read those prin
ciples In the light of what has just
oeen aone oy me Herman autocracy
with a helpless Russia and the conclu
sion Is Inescapable that until there Is
better evidence of German sincerity
than the world has jet seen, official
Washington will not for a moment
entertain th Idea of ceasing the pres
ent conflict
Two Point of View.
Two points of view Immediately
were expressed, however, as to the
purpose of Count Hertling's general
ization. There una, first, the Idea
that the German chancellor sought tn
divide the allies by calling attention
io me iflri mai tne position of Pres
Ident Wilson had not yet been fully
luijuiacu uy mi uie entente Delllger-
ents Instead of dividing the entente,
however. Count Hertling probably
will help to unite England France,
and the L'nited States on war alms
a necessity seen for reason other
man the use made of the situation
by enemy leaders. Unity on war
aims is as essential as unity of com
mand In the field.
But the second point of view and
It Is one that Is held by those who
have studied political conditions in
(Continued on Iage 2, Column 7.)
speech arc
NEW UPENING
YESTERDAY
GAINED
9,215 Lines of Advertising (33 Cols.)
Over the Corresponding Day (Feb. 26) Last Year.
EDGAR D. SHAW,
Publisher.
.ataW r .aaatH
mt Itehtoton times
States Claims of
Women Clerks
MISS FLORENCE ETHERIDGE.
Fourth vice president of National
Federation of Federal Employes, who
testified before House subcommittee.
The cause of the women workers
who are toiling for Uncle Sam in
Washington and throughout the na
tion was placed before the subcom
mittee of the House Committee on Ap
propriations, holding- hearings on the
Keating bill today
Mim Gertrude McN'ally, secretary of
the Bureau Girls' Union, representing
employes of the Bureau of Hngravlng
and Printing, presented the petition of
4.0T0 women workers for the pay In
creases provided in the Keating bill.
Miss Florence Etherldge, fourth vice
president of the National Federation
of Federal Employes, declared that
equal pay exists only on the statute
books. "There Is an 'unconscious
discrimination against women." she
said, "by the operation of an old
prejudice of sex."
Cites Statistics.
"Statistics show that CO per cent of
the women workers In the District of
Columbia receive less than JOOO a
ear. Miss Ktherldge told 'of the Im
perative need of substantial Increases
for these women.
Miss McN'ally on behalf of the bu
reau workers presented figures to
show that the majorlt of the women
employes are receiving less than 2.50
a day Only eighty-five of them, she
declared arc getting that much, and
the average wage is 51.75 a day.
Miss McN'allv snid that 70 per cent
of the women have dependents.
The speakers claimed th.it It
j Impossible to meet the living ex-
i.ri.,-o unucr nits existing wage scale.
Consldcrab'c dissatisfaction has
been manifested by the workers be
cause of the prohibition of transfers
to other departments, where higher
wages are obtainable. Miss McN'ally
said. The faithfulness of the em
ployes. she continued, is shown In the
records of the bureau. Fifty per
cent of the workers have been In,
service from 11 e to ilfty jears. One
woman. Mis Mc.Vally said, had,
served for lifty-ilve years.
hSe said that there are twite skilled
operators in the laundry who receive
only Jl CO per da v. She claims that ,
this Is entirely inadrqunte compen-!
satlnn for the nature of the work.
Miss McN'ally said that many skilled i
workers are leaving the service for
(Continued on Page 3, Column 6 )
$fiBSBBBBBBBBBBSSSSBBBSSW"ai&&
3uBc & V'& u
NO EQUAL PAY,
; ay worn
Ul II I U I 1 1-1 1
CLERKS
WASHINGTON, TUESDAY EVENING. FEBRUARY 26, 1918.
Ml
NAMEBARUCH
AS HEAD OF
New Yorker Practically Will Be
Minister of Munitions Under
Reorganization Plan To Co
ordinate All Purchases.
Bernard M. Baruch, who came to
Washington as a member of the Ad
visory Commission of the Council of
National Defense, and who has bene
head of the raw materials sections, is
to be named by the President as
chairman of the "War Industries
Board, succeeding Daniel Willard,
resigned.
Under reorganization plans being
worked out, Mr. Baruch will, to all
Intents and purposes, exercise the
functions of a minister of munitions,
but he will not have a place in the
Cabinet
To Co-ordinate All Purchases.
He will be the head of the central
ized supply administration, that will
co-ordinate all purchasing .ind sup
plies for in Government fidTu
mjaniir fnr nrlvate Industry.
t Is probable that the appointment
1 will be announced in a day or two.
and that the President will not wait
I for the passage of the Overman bill
which gives him broad powers to re
organize the machinery of Govern
ment, as was at first contemplated.
Some of the new powers with which
Mr. Baruch, as chairman of the Wat
Industries Board, will be Invested, are
contingent upon the passage of the
Overman bill. There Is little doubt,
however, that the measure will pass,
as amended by the Senate commit
tee. While not permitting the President
to create any new executive depart
ments, the bill In Its p.'escnt form
will permit him to transfer authority
and appropriations wherever needed.
This will make It possible for him to
transfer War Department bureaus to
Mr. Baruch's Jurisdiction.
A general reorganization plan, vast
in scope, already has been worked
out with the ne,w chairman of the
War Industries Board as its adminis
trator. The War Industries Board
under the plan will no longer be
under the Council of National Defense,
but will be a separate administration.
L like the Food and Fuel Admlnlstra
tlons, under and directly respoislble
to the President
AGEB GLERK AFTER
invnno'crminr!
UI LflKO OLfiVIUL
Senator Jones of Washington to
day Introduced a bill to retire Thomas
Harrison, a m.ui over ninety ears of
age. who for seent eirs has
served cintlnuouslv as .1 clerk at the
United States N.ial observatory
The Ull provides that In considera
tion of the long and faithful wri .
of Mr. Harrison he be paid .10 pei
month the rest of his life. Th .-etiaK
passed such a bill once bi t the House
took no action
Iast year. In asking for Irave of
absence without pay. Mr. Harrison
received the following letter from the
Assistant Secretary of the N'av
'I have to inform 3 on that. In ac
cordance with the ri commendation of
the superintendent of the N'ual Ob
servatory, ou have been granted
leave without pay for six months be
ginning October 1.1. 1017.
"As you have been In the employ of
the Government mm nearlj sixty
nine years, and during all that time
your record has been exi elU-nt. I re
gret that there Is no way In which
the department could continue you
on the rolls with compensation. I I
desire at this time to express the
appreciation of the department of
your long nnd satisfactory service,
and that you will br no benefited by
this leave that you can return and re
sume your duties at Its expiration '
In Indorsing this tetter. Hear Ad
mlral Howard, superintendent of the
Observatory, had this to say of the
faithful and efficient clerk-
"I take pleasure In forwarding the
above letter of the department, and
wish to express to you the apprecia
tion of the Naval Observatory of your
long, faithful, and satisfactory service."
WA
A
SEEK TO PENSION
GAS RA TES TO BE RAISED
TO 90 OR 9.5 CENTS IN D. C,
DECISION OF COMMISSION
By BILL PRICE.
Gas will cost the consumers of Washington from 90 to 93 cents per thousand feet,
by a decision which probably will be made by the Utilities Commission within the next
two weeks.
This rate probably will be the outcome of an agreement to be entered into between
attorneys for the gas company and Conrad H. Syme, counsel for the Utilities Commis
sion. -
At this time, under an act of Congress, the private consumer pays 75 cents per thou-
( Continued on Page 2, Column 8.)
FUL'rR, '7l c,2,Lt
AS UTTERLY INEFFICIENT
HAYS SEES TEDDY,
I
TO SEE TAFT LATER
ni:v oi:k. rvb 2 win h
Huy.H, halrmun of the Republican na
tional f ommltN't'. called on Colonel
Kmiseelt at Honfevilt Hospital, and
latr Ulted Charles i:ani Hughes at
the Hughes office In ltroaduav.
t'huirin.in JIn- enl more than
half an hour with Juili;" Hughe, in
th lalti'r's law office. "We talked oer
the angles of the last campaign and
discussed the pre. nt-day situation
said lloye.H at the conclusion of his
visit
Kx-Ireident Taft wired Hay to
1h, telling him of. his regret that he
could not be in New York to meet the
new chairman of th- party Hay? left
on At afternoon train lot Washing
I tun
j NEXT LlBERTYlOAN
TO BEAR 4 1-2 PER CENT
The net Liberty l.mn will bear
-I'-i per rent inl-rest" Ilepre9entatle
' Mi eker of Missouri d dared on the
( floor of the llous today.
ALKWIT
J. y
TERRIFIC ATTACKS
MAY BE PREVENTED
HIS RIINAL EFFORT
QUITS
MEMBERSHIP
ON COMMITTEE
T
Asserting that
our t'ongressmeii
'the majority of
nro here telling
stories and practicing to see who can
spit the farthest." Congressman Alvan
T. Fuller of Massachusetts, the only
Independent in both houses, today
characterized Congress as "the most
Inefficient and expensive barnacle
eer attached to a ship of state."
In a letter of vigorous protest to
Speaker Clark against the present
system of legislative work. Kuller re
signed from e Committee on Et
pendlturrt, ... me Interior depart
ment, saying It hadn't met this ses
slon.
Hail One Heeling.
The letter to Speaker Clark, fol
lows: "I hereby tender mv resignation
as a member of the Committee on
Expenditures In the Interior Depart
ment This committee has had no
meeting during the present Congress.
except one short smoke talk (In this
respect 1 believe It is similar
to!
(Continued on I'ase
Column 6.)
BUS
j
THIS PAPEH (S i
Final a'
EDITION' W
KVEKYWMKJitf
' - ' i " , -
Closing Wall Street Prices.
A tire which for a time endangered
nearby structures was discovered
shortly after 1 o'clock th s afternoon
In a one-story frame building close
to the torpedo tube shop In the N'avy
Vaiil. The blaze was caused by a
stack of papers Igniting from a heat
ed chisel.
The burned building was owned and
used by Richardson & lierger. con
tractors for the Government, who
have, several buildings n course of
construction In the ard
For a time the blaze seemed threat
ening, but firemen who went to the
scene after an alarm had been sound
ed from box 52S In the N'avy Yard,
preented the blaze from spreading.
An Investigation into the cause of
the blaze was Immediately instigated.
It was not suspected to be of ineen
.1 n ., nrli-ln hi . t nfflflala it ttA Vui-
Yard are determined to ascertain tha
(.areless workman.
NAVY YARD
UNITING PAPERS
PRICE TWO. CENTS.
IFOE LIS
SWEPT BY
ARTIUERY
FUSILLADES
Day and Night Raids by Poilus
Give Result in Capture of
Many Prisoners New Meth
od of Warfare.
By HENRY 'WOOD,
United Press Staff Correspondent
WITH THE FRENCH ARMIES IN
THE FIELD, Feb. 25. (Delayed.)
Along the entire west front, from the
junction with the British to the Swiss
border, the. French armies are now
delivering terrific attacks day and
night. The time will soon come when
the Germans either begin or call off
their pre-announced offensive.
The present raids are different from
those last winter, being prepared oa
I a small scale, with Jmnie.nsa. artlUarr
'concentration and preparation. They
are only distinguishable from verit
able attacks In that the Infantry,
after capturing German position!,
Imprisoning the occupants and de
stroying trenches, fortifications, and
material, returns to Its own trenches
Instead of occupying the captured
posiUonS.
'ew Elements.
Two new elements characterizing
the present raids unquestionably
sound the keynote of all 1918 offen
sive operations namely surprise.
and artillery densely massed.
Artillery is placed secretly dar
ing the night. The overwhelming-
density of the batteries permit com
plete preparation and destruction of
the enemjrs trenches within a few
hours. Formerly several days were
necessary during which the Ger
mans rushed up reserves.
As a result of these tactics, single
raids last week yielded over 500
prisoners. Likewise, where last
winter the sole object of raids was
to capture prisoners for the purpose
of enabling the French to obtain
detailed information of the Ger
mans' offensive plans, the raids this
year have another and most im
portant purpose. The artillery
preparation for each raid completely
destroys the Germans first line
positions and fortifications which
might serve as a protection from
which they could launch their com
ing offensive.
Raids Are Deep.
Owing to the Germans' 1918 de
fensive tactics, which consist of
their positions being held strongly
toward the rear, instead of along
the front, raiders are forced to go
some distance. The raids likewise
develop where the Germans are
fortifying themselves strongest.
Saturday's raids in Alsace have
showed the Germans, fearing
French reconquest of Alsace-Lorraine,
have fortified villages, fac
tories, farms, and trenches into an
endless line of re-enforced concrete
forts.
While keeping accurately inform
ed from prisoners of the dispositions
made by Germans of their forces
for the coming offensr.t, French
raids are simultaneously tearing up
the German lines along the entire
front.
The difficulties for the German's
eventual attack are thus increased
and their chances for success de
creased. ENGLISH ACCEPT RATIONING.
LONDON, Feb. 2C Peoplu of Lou
don and some of the counties hav
accepted without complaint the com
pulsorv rationing of meat, butter ar. 1
margarine, which will be general .a
BUr weekv

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