Newspaper Page Text
THE WASHINGTON TBIES: TUESDAY: FEKRUAKT 2fT. 1918."
l Russians Drive German Forces From Pskoff in Series of Hard Fought Battles j RED LEADERS GIVE PLEDGE TO DIE WITH FACE TO FOE r I TV j;r' Feb. 20 Despite ae fc?eptan c or i.trman Imposed peace, tmoblliza n and hurried preparations fcor ti l f use of Petrograd continue. Su,aii i man detachments are re orteu "" ins: toward Petrograd Xrom r-a T (102 miles southwest of "fetrorraU Workmen's battalions were quickly organized and several air moving in the direction of Pskoff. nil to Anns Sounded. As sron as the news of the capture t Pskoff was received here, the fac tory whistles called the workmen to ids Their spirit Is belligerent, and they ire determined to die for the Xevolutlun The drfnse committee Issued a proclamation declaring the revolu tionary capital is in the gravest dan ger, and urging all to fight and die f6r the evolution. Iluss Begin Counter Attacks. After the capture of Pskon, the Gr tnans advanced several stations. The Hussions then began a counter of ffsnslte and the city changed hands several times. The remaining Rus sian workmen's battalions are con tinuously leaving for Pskoff. Bed Guards and Lettish riflemen finally recaptured the Pskoff postoff flce, battling in the streets with Ger man detachments which had been cut Cff from the main lines Reval was stubbornly defended be Xero it was captured. Workmen oln Army. The garrison soldiers refuse to fight, but the workmen are enthusi astically joining the revolutionary army. Four thousand from the Put lloff works and 3,000 from the Vlborg and Smolny district hav'e formed an armed canjn, with red flags flying. The scenes at today's meeting of the Soviets executive committee were xnost stirring. Men accustomed to follow Premier Lenlne unswervingly cursed and wore, demanding that the revolution die fighting. Despair Fills Chambers. Despair filled the ante chambers an corridors of the TaurldL -which originally saw the birth of the noblest hopes of the revolution. .The coolest and most unconcerned of all was Lenlne. The premier, short and stocky, with massive head and sturdy shoulders, deep set eyes, and Iron features, walked up and down the famous Ekaterlnsky HalL Lenlne calmly discussed the situation, after threatening to resign unless Germany's peace terms were accept ed. He ridiculed the Idea that Russia as able to fight and pointed out that Russia needed peace at all costs, so u to organize further and strike In revenge at the proper political mo ment. LONDON. Feb. 28. The American and British embassies are departing from Petrograd. leaving a few per aons in charge, according to Ex change Telegraph dispatches' from Petrograd. The State Department has received a dispatch from the American consul gen ral at Moscow saying that all Ameri cans there are safe. He Is making ar rangements for their removal to Samara, An International Daily Newspaper The Christian Sci ence Monitor through its world-wide news gathering service re cords daily the con structive development of the human race. It publishes in detail the most significant happenings of world politics. It analyzes, classifies, and inter prets world events edi torially from an inter national viewpoint. Its governing purpose in this period is to estab lish a better under standing between the progressive elements in human affairs, not only in America, but throughout the world. The Christian Science Monitor arrives in Wash ington each morning and is distributed by mail or through newsdealers. Sample cop'es will be gladly sent upon request Address The GnUfiin Science Monitor Colors Dmlldlng, Waslatng Ingtea, D. C Electric Current Ruffles Cat's Fur Like Sight of Dog CLEVELAND, Ohio. Feb 26 A cat has been In the habit of sleeping on a rubber mat under a dynamo In Cleveland's power house. An employe at the plant re moved the mat the other day, and the cat slept on an Iron plate. It didn't seem to hurt the cat, but her fur became so charged with electricity that ever since it has stood stiff on end like the bristles of a hair brush. 1 3uu miics easiwara. infl unutncuiuins la Moscow is that the Germans are pro ceeding toward that city. Another dispatch, dated February 23, stated that the Roumanian premier was then en route to Bucharest to meet the German and Austrian foreign ministers. It is believed here that the object of this meeting Is to discuss Roumanian peace conditions. Secretary Lansing refused positively today to discuss for publication the von Hertllng speech. PRESIDENT CALLS AMERICAN RADICALS TO RUSSIAN RESCUE The American Government Is striv ing to the utmost to stir the Russians to defense of their nation against the Invading Teuton. Aided by radicals In this country. the Government Is continuing Its edu cational campaign In Russia. Presi dent Wilson himself Is behind the new move a step to blaze the right trail for the Slav masses, no matter what peace steps Lenlne and Trotsky take The Government Is permitting pas sage of hundreds of cables from rad icals In this nation to the Bolshevlkl leaders, containing a distinct warning against a separate peace and a friend ly outstretching of the hand to en courago the struggling, war-torn Rus sians. President May Speak. The President has considered again speaking out ia the open to Russia but it appears likely he will do noth ing Immediately but await spontane ous reaction In Jlussia. It mi always be set down, however, that President Wilson's purpose is to hold out Amer ica's hand to the Russian democracy so long as there Is a democracy there to serve. It also may be said that the President has strong faith that thj Russian people will react against the hard Teuton peace terms forced on them. Contrary to the general belief the so-called "American Bolshevlkl1 are outraged at the action of Lenine and Trotsky In yielding to the German peace terms. This Is plainly evi denced by their cables to the Russian leaders today, reports on which were received by the Government here Charges that Socialists in the United States were delighted at the Russian peace have brought forth' from Con gressman Meyer London, only Social 1st In Congress, a spirited challenge. He states that Socialists In America want the Russian people to fight and fight until they whip the German war machine. It may be many days before the new Russia, confidently anticipated, begins to stir. In the meantime Germany is slowly forging her cherished Mlttel Europe. GERMAN TROOPS MOVE TOWARD TAPS, AFTER TAKING REVAL BASE COPENHAGEN. Feb 26- German troops that occupied the Russian naval base of Reval, at the entrance to the Gulf of Finland, are moving in the direction of Taps, according to a report from a German source today. Taps Is forty-one miles northeast of Reval and ICO miles southwest of Pet rograd. It lies on the Reval Petro grad railway. From announcements made by the German war office It Is apparent that the Germans are fol lowing the railway routes In their advance PRIVATE BERBERICH MARRIED AT CAMP; Private Robert B Berberlch. son of Robert J Berberlch, now with Bat- j tery C. 110th Field Artillery, at Camp! Mcflellan, Annlston, Ala., was mar-j rled to Miss Eunice Bradbury, ofi Washington, at the camp on Weddes-I day. The ceremony was performed by the , Rev C. O'Gallagher, post chaplain. Knights of Columbus War Activities. Private Berberlrh's father Is paying him a short lslt at the camp. B-"ffi Van m k V FOR both writing and drawing you need VENUS Pencils the standard of the world. VENUS is the choice of executives, en gineers, designers, draftsmen, stenographers, accountants, artists, army and navy officers, authors and of all who demand pencil PERFECTION. 17 Blacfc Degrees tB Softett to HU Hardest and Hard and Medium Copying. American Lead Pencil Co., 220 Fifth Avenue, New York I Penny Ante BEGIN INQUIRY INTO FATAL WRECK INSOUTHCAROLINA COLUMBIA. S C Feb. 26 An In vestigation Is under way today to place responsibility for the rear-end collision lata yesterday between two Southern railway passenger trains at Frosts, Ave miles east of here, as a result of which twelve persons are dead -and thlrty seen Injured. All of those dead were passengers. Ten were killed outright and two died after being removed to hospitals here. An inquest was begun over the dead at noon today. Whether or not the flag man on No. 18 left a torpedo on the track to stop No. C will be brought out at this hearing. The list of dead: A. ATTIES. Brookljn. N. T. J. B. MARSHALL. Anderson. S. C M. A. LEAMAN, Greenwood, S. C P. F. BASTER. Newberry, S. C. SARAH M. PETUEL, Kannapolls, W. T. RICHARDSON, Atlanta, Ga. OTIS BAOGOT BRODIE, Wagner, S. C J F. NATIAS. (no address) II L. IVESTER. Ware Mioals, S C JOE F. MOATES. Newberry, S. C W. C. TOMLINSON, Raleigh. N C MRS SARAH ELLEN JOHNSON. Columbia, S. C RODMAN WANAMAKER HEADS POLICE RESERVES NEW YORK. Feb L'fl Rodman Wanamaker, son of John Wanamaker, the merchant, has accepted the posi tion of special deputy police commls mlssloner In charge of the police re serves, formerly the Home Defense League, according to an announce ment made last night by Richard E Enrlght, police commissioner. A soon as Mr Wanamaker becomes fa miliar with the details of the office Police Inspector John F Dwjer, now In charge of the resere, will be as signed to other duties The Home Defense League was or ganized by Arthur Woods as an ad junct to the police department. Under bin regime it had a membership of 25.000 men One of the first acts of Mr Enrlglit after he became police commissioner was to take steps to revitalize the organization. WOULD MAKE HAWAII DRY. Senator Sheppard of Texas has In troduced a bill lit the Senate pro tiding for prohibition In Hawaii for the period of the war The bill has been previously Introduced In the House. ENUS ttfV PENCILS & Too Much Money in the Kitty. Rcffistered V, 8, Patent offic. .Registered V. WAS SHE CLOTHED OR WAS SHE NOT? NEW YORK ASKS fiaK?fej( "&mEBifrWK?i'b in. flnsaslflBllfldl .,. ,i ' v - t'. - r-.. ,. J.jrzr . '., ." ! hi. w tw ! Mill r JM.rjjf -lifn.- nl r M i u 1 HIT I ITTT If MISS HELEN C AlOLLEK. NEW TOIUv. Feb 2R Pluperfect, prudes, every lust one of them. Miss I Helen Mollcr today branded the ! 4,000 New YorKers who almost sue-I cumbetl yesterday afternoon ulieni Miss Moller, a dancer, gave a cor rect Imitation of Mother Evo in the Garden of Eden Fans fig leaves, snn' modern rai ment, so they say. Miss Moller, who was putting on a performance with her fifty dancing pupils, stepped Into the spotlight on the stago of the Metropolitan Opera House Women gasped at her daring: the men, who had been bored hy earlier number") on the proKrnrn. nwKe with I a start Tho v II. that floated over1 her limbs as she stood In the spot light, floated nut to the breezes as she darted about the stage, and finally disappeared In the wings. leaving her nudlenre ' Mil's Mollcr Is from Wisconsin. Asked if he objected to the per formance Gtullo Gattl-Casazza, gen eral manager of the Metropollt-in. said- "1 did not see IL They rented the house from us, but we did not DRINK HOT TEA FOR A BAD COLD et a small package of Hamburg Breast Tea, or as the German folk cull It "Hamburger lirust Thee" at an pharmacy. Tal.e a tablespoon ful of the tea, put a cup of boiling water upon It, pour through a sieve, and drink a tenfip fu'l at any time It Is the most ffe"th way to brenk a cold nti'l cui j-tip, us it pens tho pores, ie!irlng congestion Also lor mi n tlie ! v. Is thus break lng a cold n ii e It is In. pcnsiv and entirely vegetable, tt ereforjw. harmless. 8. Patent ogles. Tv it. Aiaiu M (nJs esuf wiT! - v -"I - -. - .-, - .7 ..'. j Inquire Into the nature of their en tertainment. They had a right to do as they like" Miss Moller Kxptalns. Miss Moller later denied the was nude, bhe wore chiffon, she said, but if the rpectators thought otherwise she was glad because It was art. "According to all Greek ' art, as shown by Its statuary, mostly found ed on the dance, there Is nothing lewd In the nude," Miss Moller said. "To the contrary. It expresses the most beautiful conception of nature. "In my act I am trjlng not to be the modern day conformlt with the many artlflclaltles but rather to in terpret the esthetic and plastic Ideas through spontaneous rhvthml'' expres sions, id I costume mself accord ingly In my "Valse Trlste' I wore chiffon crepe, as I similarly did In my other numbers. "While it Ib probable the lighting effects In that number may have seemed to show me undraped, never theless If that was tho effect I hope, from the fact thnt this dance was tho most applauded on my program, that tt emphasized on the part of the largo majority of the spectators that the art-loving and theatergoing pub lic has advanced heond false stan dards and Is quick to appreciate the pure tho beautiful nnd the rlnste, for to tho pure all things are pure." 171 WARRANT OFFICERS. About 171 enlisted men of the Navy have been appolntod temporary warrant officers by Secretary of the Navy Josephus Daniels, according to a statement of the committee on pub lie Information today Tho largest number of warrants was Machinist, 40; gunner, 31 1 gunner (electrical), IB; pay dark, 30, and Bo'sun, 25. By Jean Knott HOUSE INDITED AS USELESS BODY mi nnun mi i rm BT bUNti. HWtK (Continued from First Page.) about half the committees of the Hoit"1, and, so far as I can Judge froi inquiry and Investigation, will have no public business to Justify Its existence, and, that being the case, I do not wish by accepting the honor of membership In It to appear to give even my tacit consent to the existence of a committee which has no real. Justifiable reason for exist ing other than to entail a needless and unjustifiable expense upon tho people who pay the bills. "As you know, there are sixty standing committees In the House organization, and more than half of them are as useless and unnecessary as the committee from which I am resigning. At a time like this, when we are passing through a grave na tional crisis, tho House should take account of matters of efficiency and economy within Its own confines, with a view to Increasing efficiency and reducing expense. Efficiency Ims-euible. "I am a business man and accus tomed to looking at these things ffrom a common sense standpoint. I was somewhat fearful about my qualifications for undertaking the duties of a Congressman because of a lack of political experience. I find that the duties I have fallen heir to as a Congressman are of an entirely different nature than those I an ticipated When I meet any of my constituents they usually greet me with the expression. My' But you must be busy down In Washington Vow, I would like to be really busy, and I am mighty sure If the proper spirit animated our present Congress that these needless committees could be changed Into real agencies for the service of the Government. "Why could not some of these need less committees that neer meet and that are occupying valuable room and employing secretaries and messengers that have no work to do, be utilized for various useful purposes, such as lnsoectlnr camDS. soliciting labor for shipyards, doing any one of the hun dred and one things that the Govern ment Is In need of today? Instead of this, you and I know that two-thirds of our committees are useless and. Instead of being really busy, the ma Jorlty of our Congressmen down here nre telling stories and practicing up to see who can spit the farthest Creation of rolltles. "Quite aside from all other aspects, there Is a dominating element of po lltlcal deception In the existing House systrn. The people have been taught to believe that a member's stand lng should be Judged by his commit tee appointments. According to that standard, my constituents, having no means of knowing the truth, might conclude that my membership on the committee In question carries with It some Implication of opportunity to advance public Interests. As a matter of fact. It means nothing at all. ex ceptlng that such committees serve to carry out that kind of pretense "The public should know that Con gress Is overorganlzed with standing committees that do no work, where as the basis should be efficiency, with tho people getting full value foy every bit of legislative machinery that exists. As It Is now, these dead committees are nothing more than their chairman, who control whatever clerical and ofilce perqisites attach to each of them. Certainly this Is no time for such a condition to exist and continue. Congress a Dacnorle. "In this connection it Is pertinent to suggest that the present parlia mentary system of the House oper ates to make the avcrasre member little more than a flgurehwad There should be such a reconstruction of the system as to give eaih member a legitimate chance to represent 1 constituents and the larger public In-, terssts of the whole country. I HERTLING GIVES CHANGE TO SHOW GERMANS'POLIGIES By DAVID LAWRENCE. (Continued from Tirst Page.) Germany la that Count Von- Heri ling's speech Is really a sop to the minority socialists In Germany and the Independents In Austria. Count Czernln was compelled by public opinion In Austria to express an agreement with President Wilson's alms because they appealed so strong ly to the masses. Count Von Hert llng .It Is now reasoned, must follow the same course. In other words the last two speeches of the German and Austrian chancellors mean simply that neither country can afford to reject the great principles of a settlement pronounced by America's free and non-Imperialistic spokcr-an. Both Czernln and von Hertllng i falsely characterize the war aim. .. certain sections of British and French opinion as Imperialistic and mlilead their auditors Into thinking that the British and French people actually agreed with those minority -views, but neither the German or Austrian governments can declare that the United States Is bent on a war of selfishness, imperialism or conquest, and be believed by their re spective peoples. President Knows Strength. President Wilson knows full well tsta Rfmnpth sjt a moral 1i9er In the .T -1. . wona situation, ills iteration anain"""n " " " reiteration of the fundamentals of i erty as a basis for any Increase over peace since the famous war address i th i present rate, and the company of last April have gradually sunk ; will not contest the sufficiency of the Into the minds of all peoples Re- I rat In the courts, lifctantly, therefore, but. nevertheless, I The Utilities Cmmlsslon. In redno openly the German chancellor Is com- lng the price of electricity In Wash pelled to make this significant state- lington. now In the courts, endeavors ment: to Kve tne electric light company & "Meanwhile. I readily admit thai 1 7 per cent return upon It true valu Presldent Wilson's message of Feb-'ation. In 1U c'cclslon on gas. to T ruary 11 constitutes perhaps a small msde In a few days. It will seek to ftx step toward a mutual rapproche-ia rate that will yield the gas com ment." Irny this return, the basis being the But the President can now tell why va-tatlon of the commission of aboat an approach to an understanding so far as the United States and the allies. are concerned has been swept aslael by the duplicity of the German gov - eminent In handling Russia. Mr. Wilson must make the record clear not only for the sake of the future but for the sake of the masses In Germany and Austria who sooner . 7 J w """ u "L """. " AHt.M. .wwlit hna rn eatlY e fair outside world has not failed to take "" " l" ""' "'s.rf5ar.u. -l-1"! manty.eth",n0o!?nemnC.ty,and noTex-' technical construction of the labut atlon pronouncements of December hou,Id fr.0,rd tha "1Ie' "ft ISth, aye the principles back of the Provided the gas company would Reichstag resolution of last year. undo a eKaI. .narl " fe.'t ,,t,hd ? All these have now been repudiated. I olTed ,tse,f Jn and stipulate with, In sight of the whole world by the"e commission that consumers coquerlng German army in the Baltic should be protected, no matter what province-s. One phrase "Self-deier-mlnatlon" Is enough to Illustrate. Viewed by honest nations It means the right of a people to express thefr pref erence in form of government. View ed by the German autocracy, it means putting the German army Into small countries and by alliances with wealthy land owners, making the rule mean In practical effect selfish de - termination President Will Answer. President Wilson will answer Von Hertllng. But the answer cannot mean an early peace. It can only mean an uncovering to tho world of German hypocrisy, an expression In public of what everybody here at least has felt for some time, that the war must go on until the German people know all of the truth and etturn tne company 7 per cent; If a up a government In whom tho world ,ower vamatlon a decrease in rate. ""nSt'w to affirmative In Count "J'..fL.lV.i Hertllng; speech, and there ,, very frwarVond? tTon, tartt. er IncTease ex llttle of If, unquestionably will be .. iv.-i.. th. enmmilo so accepted oy the 1'resldent, but such attempts at evasion as are con tained In the suggestion of self-determination for India, Egypt and Ire land, will be met by an explicit char acterization, an analysis that will again put the. Germans and Austrian on the defensive with their own peoples and the civilized world. .MM.n.A H. ti. Pr..tit.nt Kt, I m . non rT. ; W ALCOUU1.-0 rcn. u..-- n I $ AYciaWclTcpafufofaAJ-a I 2sinuIatin$lheFoolbyEcJtiU-a unnuiejmimuao"""" j ?.'fcr-' i ..-,. a-w i f r. - ; rflT ... jSTES-- &tjimmknr . ..in sAiftffrif jglsl iGwUpaiioniindDbirtoo HS:B wdrevtristowssjffltl st hsinnii ni-iiiLui s :: .i -.- .a !Wji racSMeSijnstffecr :3j-su - sr ijw.f&zt. sz s ivy.' :l- .rnuDJDCr. ll-tf&'l THBliE"-""'--r ,"2, ' NEWS Evict Copy of Wrapper. 53223333 i-SfeKet Contents 15 fluid Bracta CASTOR 4 re st? r - i .I '. , YraKi i aeas BatSU lgj$ TherctyPromoUnDia iSf 3. Oiccffntacssmahxsw-j &fi&4 ncimerOpiarn.MorpMnenflr $Sjf -3 lIIneroLNoTKcoTie IL..)W V I .rcr i Mi iiSvnh E (Continued from First Page.) sand feet for gas and the Govern ment 70 cents per thousand. The decision will not change the rate the Government pays, the com mission having no power over the Government's business. The existing rate for the Government will stand, until nullified by Congress. The preliminary details of the agreement covering the legal ques tions that were raised before the commission by Mr. 8yme were ten tatively settled at a conference at which there were present Commis sioners Gardiner and Brownlow, Con rad Syme. President Rseslde, of the gas company; J, J. Darlington, and Benjamin Minor, attorneys for the company. TC-nnrvel Legal Taagle. There was no discussion of th probable Increased rate to be allow ed the company, the purpose being to clear away legal questions to that the commission may be free to grant an Increased rate which Its members have candidly Intimated should be al lowed. The agreement will pledge the gas company In writing to accept the ' .... f . ..-!.. 41.. .wt.t- $10,300,000 Consumer.' Prexeetlea. .,... 1 -re appeal oi mo g tau.j., from the valuation of the eoramis- alon, now In the District courts; doe not dlrecUy tonch the question of tie , , r, nt of the commiMIon to fix , t Ua vaiuatjon. The posltloa of Mr. Syme has been that If th v . company Is entitled to an Increase, as) appeared to be the case, that the com. tne nnai aecision at ioa court, uniu. be either on the appeal or the auth ority of the commission to Increase the -rate. Company T7p Atjalast It. The gas company, although not conceding the soundness of the points made by Mr. Syme, realized that It was up against a bad condition and needed the financial relief now with out again gqlng to the courts with new questions of law. The agreement does not touch the company's right to proceed with its' appeal from the commission's valua tion. Any valuation that .Is finally determined can be made the basis for new rate proceedings; if a higher valuation than that of the commls- ., . .,.. e -.. t r. ...... may reduce the rate should runner conditions lower the expenditures. Inasmuch as no question of Govern ment ownership of the gas company was laid before the commission, as was done in the telephone case, no passing of the questions at Issue to Congress is likely, as was done In the telephone case. CUSTOM For Infants and Children Mothers Know That Genuine Castoria Always Bears the Signature of In Use For Over Thirty Years TGRIA TMCtMTVUrH'eJMT. HCW tft MTT. GAS RATE RAIS TO 90 OR 95 CENTS Wl LB ALL WED Mttf i r.r fr m