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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, February 26, 1918, FINAL EDITION, Image 2

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THE WASHINGTON TBIES: TUESDAY: FEKRUAKT 2fT. 1918."
l
Russians Drive German Forces From Pskoff in Series of Hard Fought Battles
j
RED LEADERS
GIVE PLEDGE
TO DIE WITH
FACE TO FOE
r
I TV j;r' Feb. 20 Despite ae
fc?eptan c or i.trman Imposed peace,
tmoblliza n and hurried preparations
fcor ti l f use of Petrograd continue.
Su,aii i man detachments are re
orteu "" ins: toward Petrograd
Xrom r-a T (102 miles southwest of
"fetrorraU Workmen's battalions
were quickly organized and several
air moving in the direction of Pskoff.
nil to Anns Sounded.
As sron as the news of the capture
t Pskoff was received here, the fac
tory whistles called the workmen to
ids Their spirit Is belligerent, and
they ire determined to die for the
Xevolutlun
The drfnse committee Issued a
proclamation declaring the revolu
tionary capital is in the gravest dan
ger, and urging all to fight and die
f6r the evolution.
Iluss Begin Counter Attacks.
After the capture of Pskon, the Gr
tnans advanced several stations. The
Hussions then began a counter of
ffsnslte and the city changed hands
several times. The remaining Rus
sian workmen's battalions are con
tinuously leaving for Pskoff.
Bed Guards and Lettish riflemen
finally recaptured the Pskoff postoff
flce, battling in the streets with Ger
man detachments which had been cut
Cff from the main lines
Reval was stubbornly defended be
Xero it was captured.
Workmen oln Army.
The garrison soldiers refuse to
fight, but the workmen are enthusi
astically joining the revolutionary
army. Four thousand from the Put
lloff works and 3,000 from the Vlborg
and Smolny district hav'e formed an
armed canjn, with red flags flying.
The scenes at today's meeting of
the Soviets executive committee were
xnost stirring.
Men accustomed to follow Premier
Lenlne unswervingly cursed and
wore, demanding that the revolution
die fighting.
Despair Fills Chambers.
Despair filled the ante chambers
an corridors of the TaurldL -which
originally saw the birth of the
noblest hopes of the revolution.
.The coolest and most unconcerned
of all was Lenlne. The premier,
short and stocky, with massive head
and sturdy shoulders, deep set eyes,
and Iron features, walked up and
down the famous Ekaterlnsky HalL
Lenlne calmly discussed the situation,
after threatening to resign unless
Germany's peace terms were accept
ed. He ridiculed the Idea that Russia
as able to fight and pointed out that
Russia needed peace at all costs, so
u to organize further and strike In
revenge at the proper political mo
ment. LONDON. Feb. 28. The American
and British embassies are departing
from Petrograd. leaving a few per
aons in charge, according to Ex
change Telegraph dispatches' from
Petrograd.
The State Department has received a
dispatch from the American consul gen
ral at Moscow saying that all Ameri
cans there are safe. He Is making ar
rangements for their removal to Samara,
An
International
Daily Newspaper
The Christian Sci
ence Monitor through
its world-wide news
gathering service re
cords daily the con
structive development
of the human race.
It publishes in detail
the most significant
happenings of world
politics. It analyzes,
classifies, and inter
prets world events edi
torially from an inter
national viewpoint. Its
governing purpose in
this period is to estab
lish a better under
standing between the
progressive elements
in human affairs, not
only in America, but
throughout the world.
The Christian Science
Monitor arrives in Wash
ington each morning and
is distributed by mail or
through newsdealers.
Sample cop'es will be
gladly sent upon request
Address
The GnUfiin Science Monitor
Colors Dmlldlng, Waslatng
Ingtea, D. C
Electric Current
Ruffles Cat's Fur
Like Sight of Dog
CLEVELAND, Ohio. Feb 26
A cat has been In the habit of
sleeping on a rubber mat under a
dynamo In Cleveland's power
house.
An employe at the plant re
moved the mat the other day, and
the cat slept on an Iron plate.
It didn't seem to hurt the cat,
but her fur became so charged
with electricity that ever since
it has stood stiff on end like the
bristles of a hair brush.
1 3uu miics easiwara. infl unutncuiuins
la Moscow is that the Germans are pro
ceeding toward that city.
Another dispatch, dated February 23,
stated that the Roumanian premier was
then en route to Bucharest to meet the
German and Austrian foreign ministers.
It is believed here that the object of
this meeting Is to discuss Roumanian
peace conditions.
Secretary Lansing refused positively
today to discuss for publication the von
Hertllng speech.
PRESIDENT CALLS
AMERICAN RADICALS
TO RUSSIAN RESCUE
The American Government Is striv
ing to the utmost to stir the Russians
to defense of their nation against the
Invading Teuton.
Aided by radicals In this country.
the Government Is continuing Its edu
cational campaign In Russia. Presi
dent Wilson himself Is behind the
new move a step to blaze the right
trail for the Slav masses, no matter
what peace steps Lenlne and Trotsky
take
The Government Is permitting pas
sage of hundreds of cables from rad
icals In this nation to the Bolshevlkl
leaders, containing a distinct warning
against a separate peace and a friend
ly outstretching of the hand to en
courago the struggling, war-torn Rus
sians. President May Speak.
The President has considered again
speaking out ia the open to Russia
but it appears likely he will do noth
ing Immediately but await spontane
ous reaction In Jlussia. It mi always
be set down, however, that President
Wilson's purpose is to hold out Amer
ica's hand to the Russian democracy
so long as there Is a democracy there
to serve. It also may be said that
the President has strong faith that
thj Russian people will react against
the hard Teuton peace terms forced
on them.
Contrary to the general belief the
so-called "American Bolshevlkl1 are
outraged at the action of Lenine and
Trotsky In yielding to the German
peace terms. This Is plainly evi
denced by their cables to the Russian
leaders today, reports on which were
received by the Government here
Charges that Socialists in the United
States were delighted at the Russian
peace have brought forth' from Con
gressman Meyer London, only Social
1st In Congress, a spirited challenge.
He states that Socialists In America
want the Russian people to fight
and fight until they whip the German
war machine.
It may be many days before the new
Russia, confidently anticipated, begins
to stir. In the meantime Germany is
slowly forging her cherished Mlttel
Europe.
GERMAN TROOPS MOVE
TOWARD TAPS, AFTER
TAKING REVAL BASE
COPENHAGEN. Feb 26- German
troops that occupied the Russian
naval base of Reval, at the entrance
to the Gulf of Finland, are moving in
the direction of Taps, according to a
report from a German source today.
Taps Is forty-one miles northeast of
Reval and ICO miles southwest of Pet
rograd. It lies on the Reval Petro
grad railway. From announcements
made by the German war office It Is
apparent that the Germans are fol
lowing the railway routes In their
advance
PRIVATE BERBERICH
MARRIED AT CAMP;
Private Robert B Berberlch. son
of Robert J Berberlch, now with Bat- j
tery C. 110th Field Artillery, at Camp!
Mcflellan, Annlston, Ala., was mar-j
rled to Miss Eunice Bradbury, ofi
Washington, at the camp on Weddes-I
day.
The ceremony was performed by the ,
Rev C. O'Gallagher, post chaplain.
Knights of Columbus War Activities.
Private Berberlrh's father Is paying
him a short lslt at the camp.
B-"ffi Van m
k V
FOR both writing and drawing
you need VENUS Pencils the
standard of the world.
VENUS is the choice of executives, en
gineers, designers, draftsmen, stenographers,
accountants, artists, army and navy officers,
authors and of all who demand pencil
PERFECTION.
17 Blacfc Degrees
tB Softett to HU Hardest
and Hard and Medium Copying.
American Lead Pencil Co.,
220 Fifth Avenue, New York
I
Penny Ante
BEGIN INQUIRY
INTO FATAL WRECK
INSOUTHCAROLINA
COLUMBIA. S C Feb. 26 An In
vestigation Is under way today to place
responsibility for the rear-end collision
lata yesterday between two Southern
railway passenger trains at Frosts, Ave
miles east of here, as a result of which
twelve persons are dead -and thlrty
seen Injured.
All of those dead were passengers.
Ten were killed outright and two died
after being removed to hospitals here.
An inquest was begun over the dead
at noon today. Whether or not the flag
man on No. 18 left a torpedo on the
track to stop No. C will be brought out
at this hearing.
The list of dead:
A. ATTIES. Brookljn. N. T.
J. B. MARSHALL. Anderson. S. C
M. A. LEAMAN, Greenwood, S. C
P. F. BASTER. Newberry, S. C.
SARAH M. PETUEL, Kannapolls,
W. T. RICHARDSON, Atlanta, Ga.
OTIS BAOGOT BRODIE, Wagner,
S. C
J F. NATIAS. (no address)
II L. IVESTER. Ware Mioals, S C
JOE F. MOATES. Newberry, S. C
W. C. TOMLINSON, Raleigh. N C
MRS SARAH ELLEN JOHNSON.
Columbia, S. C
RODMAN WANAMAKER
HEADS POLICE RESERVES
NEW YORK. Feb L'fl Rodman
Wanamaker, son of John Wanamaker,
the merchant, has accepted the posi
tion of special deputy police commls
mlssloner In charge of the police re
serves, formerly the Home Defense
League, according to an announce
ment made last night by Richard E
Enrlght, police commissioner. A
soon as Mr Wanamaker becomes fa
miliar with the details of the office
Police Inspector John F Dwjer, now
In charge of the resere, will be as
signed to other duties
The Home Defense League was or
ganized by Arthur Woods as an ad
junct to the police department. Under
bin regime it had a membership of
25.000 men One of the first acts of
Mr Enrlglit after he became police
commissioner was to take steps to
revitalize the organization.
WOULD MAKE HAWAII DRY.
Senator Sheppard of Texas has In
troduced a bill lit the Senate pro
tiding for prohibition In Hawaii for
the period of the war The bill has
been previously Introduced In the
House.
ENUS
ttfV
PENCILS
&
Too Much Money in
the Kitty.
Rcffistered V, 8, Patent offic.
.Registered V.
WAS SHE CLOTHED
OR WAS SHE NOT?
NEW YORK ASKS
fiaK?fej( "&mEBifrWK?i'b in. flnsaslflBllfldl
.,. ,i ' v
- t'. -
r-.. ,. J.jrzr . '., ."
! hi. w tw ! Mill r JM.rjjf -lifn.- nl r M i u 1 HIT I ITTT If
MISS HELEN C AlOLLEK.
NEW TOIUv. Feb 2R Pluperfect,
prudes, every lust one of them. Miss I
Helen Mollcr today branded the !
4,000 New YorKers who almost sue-I
cumbetl yesterday afternoon ulieni
Miss Moller, a dancer, gave a cor
rect Imitation of Mother Evo in the
Garden of Eden
Fans fig leaves, snn' modern rai
ment, so they say. Miss Moller, who
was putting on a performance with
her fifty dancing pupils, stepped Into
the spotlight on the stago of the
Metropolitan Opera House
Women gasped at her daring: the
men, who had been bored hy earlier
number") on the proKrnrn. nwKe with I
a start Tho v II. that floated over1
her limbs as she stood In the spot
light, floated nut to the breezes as
she darted about the stage, and
finally disappeared In the wings.
leaving her nudlenre '
Mil's Mollcr Is from Wisconsin.
Asked if he objected to the per
formance Gtullo Gattl-Casazza, gen
eral manager of the Metropollt-in.
said- "1 did not see IL They rented
the house from us, but we did not
DRINK HOT TEA
FOR A BAD COLD
et a small package of Hamburg
Breast Tea, or as the German folk
cull It "Hamburger lirust Thee" at
an pharmacy. Tal.e a tablespoon
ful of the tea, put a cup of boiling
water upon It, pour through a sieve,
and drink a tenfip fu'l at any time
It Is the most ffe"th way to brenk
a cold nti'l cui j-tip, us it pens
tho pores, ie!irlng congestion
Also lor mi n tlie ! v. Is thus break
lng a cold n ii e
It is In. pcnsiv and entirely
vegetable, tt ereforjw. harmless.
8. Patent ogles.
Tv it. Aiaiu M (nJs esuf wiT!
- v -"I - -. -
.-, -
.7 ..'. j
Inquire Into the nature of their en
tertainment. They had a right to do
as they like"
Miss Moller Kxptalns.
Miss Moller later denied the was
nude, bhe wore chiffon, she said, but
if the rpectators thought otherwise
she was glad because It was art.
"According to all Greek ' art, as
shown by Its statuary, mostly found
ed on the dance, there Is nothing
lewd In the nude," Miss Moller said.
"To the contrary. It expresses the
most beautiful conception of nature.
"In my act I am trjlng not to be
the modern day conformlt with the
many artlflclaltles but rather to in
terpret the esthetic and plastic Ideas
through spontaneous rhvthml'' expres
sions, id I costume mself accord
ingly In my "Valse Trlste' I wore
chiffon crepe, as I similarly did In my
other numbers.
"While it Ib probable the lighting
effects In that number may have
seemed to show me undraped, never
theless If that was tho effect I hope,
from the fact thnt this dance was
tho most applauded on my program,
that tt emphasized on the part of the
largo majority of the spectators that
the art-loving and theatergoing pub
lic has advanced heond false stan
dards and Is quick to appreciate the
pure tho beautiful nnd the rlnste, for
to tho pure all things are pure."
171 WARRANT OFFICERS.
About 171 enlisted men of the
Navy have been appolntod temporary
warrant officers by Secretary of the
Navy Josephus Daniels, according to
a statement of the committee on pub
lie Information today Tho largest
number of warrants was Machinist,
40; gunner, 31 1 gunner (electrical),
IB; pay dark, 30, and Bo'sun, 25.
By Jean Knott
HOUSE INDITED
AS USELESS BODY
mi nnun mi i rm
BT bUNti. HWtK
(Continued from First Page.)
about half the committees of the
Hoit"1, and, so far as I can Judge
froi inquiry and Investigation, will
have no public business to Justify
Its existence, and, that being the
case, I do not wish by accepting the
honor of membership In It to appear
to give even my tacit consent to the
existence of a committee which has
no real. Justifiable reason for exist
ing other than to entail a needless
and unjustifiable expense upon tho
people who pay the bills.
"As you know, there are sixty
standing committees In the House
organization, and more than half of
them are as useless and unnecessary
as the committee from which I am
resigning. At a time like this, when
we are passing through a grave na
tional crisis, tho House should take
account of matters of efficiency and
economy within Its own confines,
with a view to Increasing efficiency
and reducing expense.
Efficiency Ims-euible.
"I am a business man and accus
tomed to looking at these things
ffrom a common sense standpoint. I
was somewhat fearful about my
qualifications for undertaking the
duties of a Congressman because of
a lack of political experience. I find
that the duties I have fallen heir to
as a Congressman are of an entirely
different nature than those I an
ticipated When I meet any of my
constituents they usually greet me
with the expression. My' But you
must be busy down In Washington
Vow, I would like to be really busy,
and I am mighty sure If the proper
spirit animated our present Congress
that these needless committees could
be changed Into real agencies for the
service of the Government.
"Why could not some of these need
less committees that neer meet and
that are occupying valuable room and
employing secretaries and messengers
that have no work to do, be utilized
for various useful purposes, such as
lnsoectlnr camDS. soliciting labor for
shipyards, doing any one of the hun
dred and one things that the Govern
ment Is In need of today? Instead of
this, you and I know that two-thirds
of our committees are useless and.
Instead of being really busy, the ma
Jorlty of our Congressmen down here
nre telling stories and practicing up
to see who can spit the farthest
Creation of rolltles.
"Quite aside from all other aspects,
there Is a dominating element of po
lltlcal deception In the existing House
systrn. The people have been taught
to believe that a member's stand
lng should be Judged by his commit
tee appointments. According to that
standard, my constituents, having no
means of knowing the truth, might
conclude that my membership on the
committee In question carries with It
some Implication of opportunity to
advance public Interests. As a matter
of fact. It means nothing at all. ex
ceptlng that such committees serve
to carry out that kind of pretense
"The public should know that Con
gress Is overorganlzed with standing
committees that do no work, where
as the basis should be efficiency, with
tho people getting full value foy
every bit of legislative machinery
that exists. As It Is now, these dead
committees are nothing more than
their chairman, who control whatever
clerical and ofilce perqisites attach to
each of them. Certainly this Is no
time for such a condition to exist and
continue.
Congress a Dacnorle.
"In this connection it Is pertinent
to suggest that the present parlia
mentary system of the House oper
ates to make the avcrasre member
little more than a flgurehwad There
should be such a reconstruction of
the system as to give eaih member
a legitimate chance to represent 1
constituents and the larger public In-,
terssts of the whole country.
I HERTLING GIVES
CHANGE TO SHOW
GERMANS'POLIGIES
By DAVID LAWRENCE.
(Continued from Tirst Page.)
Germany la that Count Von- Heri
ling's speech Is really a sop to the
minority socialists In Germany and
the Independents In Austria. Count
Czernln was compelled by public
opinion In Austria to express an
agreement with President Wilson's
alms because they appealed so strong
ly to the masses. Count Von Hert
llng .It Is now reasoned, must follow
the same course.
In other words the last two speeches of
the German and Austrian chancellors
mean simply that neither country can
afford to reject the great principles of
a settlement pronounced by America's
free and non-Imperialistic spokcr-an.
Both Czernln and von Hertllng i
falsely characterize the war aim. ..
certain sections of British and French
opinion as Imperialistic and mlilead their
auditors Into thinking that the British
and French people actually agreed with
those minority -views, but neither the
German or Austrian governments can
declare that the United States Is bent
on a war of selfishness, imperialism or
conquest, and be believed by their re
spective peoples.
President Knows Strength.
President Wilson knows full well
tsta Rfmnpth sjt a moral 1i9er In the
.T -1. .
wona situation, ills iteration anain"""n " " "
reiteration of the fundamentals of i erty as a basis for any Increase over
peace since the famous war address i th i present rate, and the company
of last April have gradually sunk ; will not contest the sufficiency of the
Into the minds of all peoples Re- I rat In the courts,
lifctantly, therefore, but. nevertheless, I The Utilities Cmmlsslon. In redno
openly the German chancellor Is com- lng the price of electricity In Wash
pelled to make this significant state- lington. now In the courts, endeavors
ment: to Kve tne electric light company &
"Meanwhile. I readily admit thai 1 7 per cent return upon It true valu
Presldent Wilson's message of Feb-'ation. In 1U c'cclslon on gas. to T
ruary 11 constitutes perhaps a small msde In a few days. It will seek to ftx
step toward a mutual rapproche-ia rate that will yield the gas com
ment." Irny this return, the basis being the
But the President can now tell why va-tatlon of the commission of aboat
an approach to an understanding so
far as the United States and the allies.
are concerned has been swept aslael
by the duplicity of the German gov -
eminent In handling Russia.
Mr. Wilson must make the record
clear not only for the sake of the
future but for the sake of the masses
In Germany and Austria who sooner
. 7 J w """ u "L """. "
AHt.M. .wwlit hna rn eatlY e fair
outside world has not failed to take
"" " l" ""' "'s.rf5ar.u. -l-1"!
manty.eth",n0o!?nemnC.ty,and noTex-' technical construction of the labut
atlon pronouncements of December hou,Id fr.0,rd tha "1Ie' "ft
ISth, aye the principles back of the Provided the gas company would
Reichstag resolution of last year. undo a eKaI. .narl " fe.'t ,,t,hd ?
All these have now been repudiated. I olTed ,tse,f Jn and stipulate with,
In sight of the whole world by the"e commission that consumers
coquerlng German army in the Baltic should be protected, no matter what
province-s. One phrase "Self-deier-mlnatlon"
Is enough to Illustrate.
Viewed by honest nations It means the
right of a people to express thefr pref
erence in form of government. View
ed by the German autocracy, it means
putting the German army Into small
countries and by alliances with
wealthy land owners, making the rule
mean In practical effect selfish de -
termination
President Will Answer.
President Wilson will answer Von
Hertllng. But the answer cannot
mean an early peace. It can only
mean an uncovering to tho world of
German hypocrisy, an expression In
public of what everybody here at
least has felt for some time, that the
war must go on until the German
people know all of the truth and etturn tne company 7 per cent; If a
up a government In whom tho world ,ower vamatlon a decrease in rate.
""nSt'w to affirmative In Count "J'..fL.lV.i
Hertllng; speech, and there ,, very frwarVond? tTon, tartt. er IncTease ex
llttle of If, unquestionably will be .. iv.-i.. th. enmmilo
so accepted oy the 1'resldent, but
such attempts at evasion as are con
tained In the suggestion of self-determination
for India, Egypt and Ire
land, will be met by an explicit char
acterization, an analysis that will
again put the. Germans and Austrian
on the defensive with their own
peoples and the civilized world.
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,"2, ' NEWS
Evict Copy of Wrapper.
53223333
i-SfeKet Contents 15 fluid Bracta
CASTOR 4
re st? r - i .I '. ,
YraKi i
aeas
BatSU
lgj$ TherctyPromoUnDia
iSf 3. Oiccffntacssmahxsw-j
&fi&4 ncimerOpiarn.MorpMnenflr
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E
(Continued from First Page.)
sand feet for gas and the Govern
ment 70 cents per thousand.
The decision will not change the
rate the Government pays, the com
mission having no power over the
Government's business. The existing
rate for the Government will stand,
until nullified by Congress.
The preliminary details of the
agreement covering the legal ques
tions that were raised before the
commission by Mr. 8yme were ten
tatively settled at a conference at
which there were present Commis
sioners Gardiner and Brownlow, Con
rad Syme. President Rseslde, of the
gas company; J, J. Darlington, and
Benjamin Minor, attorneys for the
company.
TC-nnrvel Legal Taagle.
There was no discussion of th
probable Increased rate to be allow
ed the company, the purpose being to
clear away legal questions to that
the commission may be free to grant
an Increased rate which Its members
have candidly Intimated should be al
lowed. The agreement will pledge the gas
company In writing to accept the
' .... f . ..-!.. 41.. .wt.t-
$10,300,000
Consumer.' Prexeetlea.
.,...
1 -re appeal oi mo g tau.j.,
from the valuation of the eoramis-
alon, now In the District courts; doe
not dlrecUy tonch the question of tie
, , r, nt of the commiMIon to fix
, t Ua vaiuatjon. The posltloa
of Mr. Syme has been that If th
v .
company Is entitled to an Increase, as)
appeared to be the case, that the com.
tne nnai aecision at ioa court, uniu.
be either on the appeal or the auth
ority of the commission to Increase
the -rate.
Company T7p Atjalast It.
The gas company, although not
conceding the soundness of the points
made by Mr. Syme, realized that It
was up against a bad condition and
needed the financial relief now with
out again gqlng to the courts with
new questions of law.
The agreement does not touch the
company's right to proceed with its'
appeal from the commission's valua
tion. Any valuation that .Is finally
determined can be made the basis for
new rate proceedings; if a higher
valuation than that of the commls-
., . .,.. e -.. t r.
......
may reduce the rate should runner
conditions lower the expenditures.
Inasmuch as no question of Govern
ment ownership of the gas company
was laid before the commission, as
was done in the telephone case, no
passing of the questions at Issue to
Congress is likely, as was done In
the telephone case.
CUSTOM
For Infants and Children
Mothers Know That
Genuine Castoria
Always
Bears the
Signature
of
In
Use
For Over
Thirty Years
TGRIA
TMCtMTVUrH'eJMT. HCW tft MTT.
GAS RATE RAIS
TO 90 OR 95 CENTS
Wl LB ALL WED
Mttf i
r.r
fr m

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