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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, March 30, 1918, FINAL EDITION, Image 1

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' Skarp Prussia Am.
It Will Grow DaD.
Heu Trees Grew QocWy.
Muy MiffioBS of Tbem.
!? ihupest axo becomes (Ml
with overuse.
It may est dorm and chop up
five, tan, or mora cords of wood,
bet it is dull and dented in the end.
There ara indications that the
f&arp, dean, well-managed Pros
dan axe is Retting dull.
If the owner of one axe started
wt to cot down all the forests of
the world he would earn discour
agement That is the undertaking
tfcat now occupies the distinguish
d German Kaiser.
TTBes grow tip and forests rs
ow themselves too fast for any
ss ess to stop them.
Human beings are bora, grow,
Bad think with an enerrrr that no
i Prussian axe swinger can coa-
'laua long run.
Sfeera are sixty-odd minions of
sfciiiiiiini. and their energy, great
a it U, la limited.
They win have against them for
LL TIMH the hundreds of mll
ttoos of human beings of other
kinds human, beings that have no
latentlon of submitting to Prns
t&a rule.
On t&e west there are more than
a hundred millions of intelligent
ksmsn beings in France,. Italy, and
Jfaxland.
Farther west, in this country,
there ara another hundred mil
ls Eussla there are close upon
two hundred millions that hate
Yrnssla now, and will hate her
sore .and more as time passes
Prussia Is more efficient In arous
ing hatred than in any other way
which Is saying a good deal.
The scores of millions of Rus
sians breed more rapidly than the
Prussians themselves. ' They pre
Mfit a problem for "William the
Axe Swinger."
Then are in Japan tens of mil
lions, only too anxious for the
hanee to march into Russia, and
convince the Kaiser that a Jap
anese is as efficient as a Prus
sian and as able in the game' of
kffling.
Suppose the Kaiser should con
sjser a hundred million educated
weblem Europeans, and a hun
dred million people, in America
three thousand mOes away, and a
hundred and .fifty million Bus
alans of various kinds, he would
f-fTf Thav fi Jim-nno-Wlw nrmwTL-1
woll fjnTned, tens of millions -eJ,;
Japanese to deal with. y -
. And .behind Japan there is
China, 'another great humaj for
est that would offer long and
painful chopping tothe Prussian
woodman.
There is an amount-of fighting
capacity and philosophical, indif-
. ference to pain, bottled up in four
hundred million Chinese that
ought to worry the "All-hiithest.'
In order to realize that Prussia
saust lose in the end, it Is not nec
essary to deny any of her claims
to efficiency, or to assert that the
nations she has attacked are indi
vidually as able as herself at the
game of murder.
Prussia Is trained to fighting
and killing. She prepared for
forty years, and comes with, the
rush and power of forty years'
preparation back of her.
It will take time to stop that
rush, a long time perhaps, but it
WILL be stopped.
A thoroughly trained fighting
man may dash into a crowd and do
great damage. But give time
enough and the crowd will take
care of him.
With one country, or two, the
Kaiser might have dealt success
fully. His distinruished ancestor,
Frederick the Great, did it
But Frederick lived in a differ
ent time, and had a different kind
of head.
He knew how to get the consent
ef England for certain arrange
ments .that he desired. And he
knew when he had enough.
To the Kaiser that Important
knowledge Is still lacking.
He and his people were doing
well. They were selling goods to
all the world, getting rich and pow
erful rapidly.
They had valuable monopolies,
the world was theirs to trade In.
But their Kaiser was not content
to be known in history as "Wil
liam the Merchant," or "William
the Manufacturer," or "William the
Prosperous."
The name that he wanted was
"William the Great" He did not
realize that the day of such fancy
titles had gone- by.
He Is trying to cut down a whole
forest with one axe, throwing his
powerful but limited nation against
hundreds of millions of human
beings that do not Intend to yield.
He Is bound to learn that the
thing he wants to do cannot be
atone.
The fact that the Kaiser's ef
fort is hopeless should be realized
by every intelligent American,
along with the other fact that as
long as he is at work in the game
of murder, every nation and indi
vidual is disturbed, every young
man is in danger of death in the
line of duty.
HE CANT WIN. The question
is, "How long can he keep on try
ing, and what can tho United
States do to discourage the try
ing, and give the Prussian peo
ple something to think about be
sides imperial bulletins aaseuac
inz "iiy GreataeW
GERMAN TROOPS MASSING AT VERDUN
WEATHER:
Partly cloud? todar
mad tomorrowj tempera
tore slla-kUr abore 47
degree. Tbc tempera
tare at S a. m. todar, t
decree I arena- temper
ature far March 30 for
past 80 Tcara. 4T decree.
NUMBER 10,483.
GERMANS
ALONG NORTH FRONT
ALLIES UNDER
GEN. FOCHTO
FORCE FIGHT
TO A FINISH
WhoJeheartedness of America's
Concurrence in Naming of
Generalissimo Indicates In
tehtion to Battle to End.
By DAVID LAWRENCE.
(CoprrUht, WJ. br New York Eraalnr Toot
Coopuur.)
-Whether or not General Poch ol
France becomes generalissimo of the
allied forces in France, Including
British. French,, and American, arm
ies now holding1 he battle Use, or Is
givenoatctir:V.WSrwft EwTSS.
ot the reserves Tmown as the- army
01 maneuver suoject ac au ones to
the disposition of the allied council
of war, the mere fact that a central
ized command on the part of the al
lies has been found necessary for
emergency purposes will go far to
ward establishing a principle for
which this Government has contend
ed ever since it entered the war.
The whole heartedness with which
President Wilson ordered General
Pershing to tender the Amercan re
serves in France to the service of
General Foch or any other com
mander designated by the war coun
cil to meet the German drive. Indi
cates beyond all question the feeling
In high Government Quarters that
the United States will not stand on
any ceremony or tradition in welding
together the allied strength In
France.
Allies to Force Fighting.
In the absence of definite Informa
tion as to Just what General Foch'a
statu will be, or what tie war coun
ell may finally decide to do to coun
ter the German offenslre, army of
ficers here, nevehtleless, fully expect
to see some strong" commander ap
pear In the field shortly at the head
of an allied armr. which will wrest
the initiative from the Germans end
force the flehtlne for an indefinite pe
riod. The German challeng-e to allied
strength, is to be accepted. The tat
tle begun br the Germans will not be
ended by them, but by the allies, ac
cording- to the universal opinion
here, and the final decision of the
conflict, while not In doubt, may not
nevertheless, be reached until the
summer campaign has been fully de
veloped. In a sense the German of
fensive is merely a prelude to a Ions
and hard battle, which may continue
Until fall.
The feeling- of nervousness being
manifested by the German lines to the
north of Arras and to the east of
the "elbow" now crooked at N'oron
Instead of La. Fere, shows plainly to
the military experts here that the
German high command is draining Its
forces along the western front for the
great offensive In the west, and, pos
sibly, for a second blow either In
the region of Verdun or in Italy. Be
hind the scenes of the present German
drive a battle of wits between the
war councils on both sides Is now In
progress In which the present battle
Is only a, consideration. Apparently
the allies are merely meeting the
Germans In the west now with a view
to stemming the tide while, at the
same time, preparlnr a counter blow
which Is already giving the German
army a nervous feeling from the
channel to Switzerland.
Germans Alert,
Attacks by the Germans yesterday on
the small American sector are evidence
of the alertness of the Germans from
one end of this line to the other. These
attacks ara typical of what Is coins' on
on the entire French and Belgian front
as well. A five-hour bombardment of the
American lines accompanied by unusual
activity behind the German lines can
have only two meanings in the opinion
of the experts. They are either intended
by a show of strength to camouflage a
withdrawal of German reserves for the
western drive or they are evidence or
fear that the Germans anticipate a drive
by the allies on a front not now Involved
In the fighting. The fact that American
raids bar repeatedly hown the Ger-
tt IfcrftroBfrm
HINDENBU
HAS FAILED
TO TAKE HIS
B
Information1" Shows That Great
German Offensive Has- Been
Checked Long Ahead of Teu
ton Staffs Plans.
Br WILLIAM FV SIKHS
rtTnlted Prea Stall Correaseadeat).
WITH THE BRITISH ARMIES IN
FRANCE, March 30. In the last forty-
eight hour I believerHlndenburg'a
cohorts have been fought practically
to a standstill. A
Carefully sifted Information from
plans haVe signally miscarried.
The present spasmodic: thrusts
are due partly to 'recora
posltlon of the enemy's fight
ing forces and readjustment of Its
offensive scheme.
From prisoners It Is known the
Germans expected to occupy Amiens
on the fifth or sixth day of the of
fensive, cutting the Calais-Paris rail
way. Tet, Amiens still stands.
Similarly, Arras, which wu yester
day's Immediate objective, with Vlmy,
remains in the hands of the British.
The Kaiser's atorrn troops were
cheeked by the withering fire from
machine guns and artillery.
Further cyclonic fighting lsexpect
ed along the whole line. The first
flush of the enemy's enthusiasm Is
past. Prisoners say the offensive Is
not going as well as was expected.
While their losses are high, German
discipline will, undoubtedly, continue
the offensive, though their spirits are
somewhat dampened.
Nearly a million men have already
nartlclDated In their offensive and
fresh divisions are being hurried to
ward the battle, while the enemy,
thaurh tired, is trying to advance
everywhere possible, particularly
south of the Somme, In an effort to
reach the Amlens-Farle railway.
Aralnat the British alone forty-one
divisions were hurled the first day of
the battle, eleven more the second:
four more the third; nine more the
fourth, six more the fifth: six more
the seventh: one more the eighth,
and about five thereafter.
Slowly but surely the enemy Is
steadily losing headway. On the con
trary. Hlndenburg was expected to
gain momentum as the first strong
ly entrenched positions were passed.
The situation was not materially
changed throughout the British line
this morning, while the Germans, like
frightened moles, their passage over
land checked, were digging In like
mad In places.
About midnight the enemy put
down a heavy trench mortar bom
bardment southwest of Clte-St, Au
guste, near Lens.
(Cite St. August. Is about a mile
due north' of Lens, near Hill 70, and
about the same distance east and
south of Loos.)
WARM AND CLEAR IS
FORECASfFOR EASTER
There) Is every chance that the new
"toppers'" and gay Easter bonnetry
will have a warm, pleasant day to
morrow for the annual Connecticut
avenue "parade'
The weather forccaat promises that
Easter this year will be at least
warmer than the average for Wash
tngton, that Is, It will be somewhere
above 7 degrees. The Weather Bu
reau Is not so sure of the conditions
of the skies. It is probable that the
day will pass without rain. But there
Is a chance. Bain Is promised for tho
section south of the State of Virginia.
The forecaster does not believe It will
reach Washington, but says the day
will be "unsettled, that Is. clear and
cloudy skies will be mixed.
FRENCH CALL CLASS OF '19.
PARIS. March 30. French soldiers
of the class of 1910 will be called to
the colors on April IB, the Chamber
of Deputies decided late yesterday, M.
Raffln-DugenJ, Socialist leader, op
posed the bill calling the new troops
to service and read a paper on the
subect of disarmament. It brought
B G
Irortn laugmer irora soma anpuuesi . . TO'iITL
and aarcasUo rarsazks tsora UMza IVOiCs) tO OntlUI pnSOnsTCB
forth laughter from soma deputies
WASHINGTON, SATURDAY EVENING; MARCH 30, 1918. (Oems
r
Where British and
PRE5EMT BATTLE
Z ,,, JJ L j a J. 'A "I '
J 3 f AttfiJ!rvwBmW&ii's,MrS. r "&??
XfO I. AVCTTs5Bt5aifia'03 I
i y nyk Bub' Pl1
AxraJaf'C'r Ml 'wb y,r"""K Ijf
yVSrtmmT II 2lLmTa e J . . . .amV mtmmKtLrftMMfFCl J -.. .si amt
JSn n. aw""? '.rTatmC- i .ifvyWjirsiL.
' . mmggysjjfj! c9fMj4SmW ' i
II W It ranratUoi
nUirlUUlU BATTLE UMEOFWEDNESDA'
BATTLE UHE WHEN
si in
LATEST
WOUNDED DEPRESS GERMANS.
AMSTERDAM, March 30. The stream of wounded being carted back from the
Picardy front and hauled by motor and train to score of cities in Germany is the great
est ki the history of the war, and is very depressing to the German people who have
been told of great victories.
Advices received here today from the Belgian frontier and from the interior of Ger
many indicate that the thousands of wounded are being distributed far and wide, even
very small villages with slight accommodations for their care'drawing their quotas.
GERMANS USING "ARSENAL TANKS."
AMSTERDAM, March 30. "Arsenal tanks" are being employed by the Germans
in the great western front battle. 'These huge armored cars move along behind the in
fantry and supplies of bombs and cartridges are handed out from them to the soldiers.
FRENCH AIRMEN PLAY BIG PART.
WITH THE FRENCH ARMIES IN THE FIELD, March 29. French bombing planes
have dropped sixty-five tons of explosives on German communicating lines and depots
during the enemy offensive.
MARCH CASUALTIES ARE LOW.
LONDON, March 30. British casualties published during March totaled 14,588,
according to computations made today from official lists.
This is the smallest British casualty list since last August, and obviously does not
include the total losses in the present German drive.
BRIDGE OF GERMAN DEAD.
WITH THE FRENCH ARMY IN FRANCE, March 30. At one point on the Cro
zat Canal, where the Germans eventually gained a crossing, they made sixteen different
attacks on one day.
Finally the British corps which was holding the position fell back, absolutely ex
hausted, and the Germans crossed over a bridje of piled-up bodies of their own comrades.
KAISER BLOJEaTPRISONERS. -
LONDON. March 30. Dispatches from The Hague today pictured the Kaiser a.
swaggering about on the Picardy battlefieldbehind the German lines, talking in a loud
DIGGING
French Have Halted
LINE
PRVVfESTrWll
i ' JsmLSiJSnc WJZ
i "T3rtalrlaftr3C!C?i- WrWYJr
Wn- Z2t3fi3tJ
WAR BULLETINS
Mwm IE
the German Drive
Wa Street Priced
ENEMY MAKES SUGHT
GAIN TOWARD AMIENS
STRATEGIC
Heavy Concentration Of Men
At Verdun May Mean New
German Offensive There
The Germane are Kggrag in.
WhUe 'dispatcher do iot state Ww exteastve ware the
German trenching operatic, this ay be a Hest
ridcnowledfeWH
Isufv-SirexieirJfJ?
Further, ay wdicate Irkat tk Germaas, m Mttiaf
the expected allied counter ;ofrenivei wiH try to force Foch'a
armies to a renewal of trench warfare, rather than to try
conclusions ,in the open which the Germans, ihermselves,
have openly stated they prefer.
An extension of the fighting from farther to the north
at Cite-St Auguste, a mile north of Lens, opposite Loos,
is also, reported. The protection of the north point by in
tense bombardment is being carried out '
A heavy German concentration on the Verdun front
was reported by the correspondent of the Amsterdam
Handelsbad, who personally visited that sector. Shortly
after the start of the drive, German military offida!s,ublk:
ly announced that attacks on even a greater scale would be
made "on other fronts," and intimated these fronts probably
would be at Verdun and Italy.
Haig today admitted a short retirement at Deaauin aad
Merieres, south of the Somme, but said the British took a
number of prisoners in a counter attack at the latter place.
North of the. Somme, which bisects the battfcfront, Haig
characterized all the operations of the past week as only1'
"local actions."
ON 25-MILE FRONT
PAEIS, March 30. "The battle was resumed -with fresh
violence last night and ia progressing on a forty kilometer
(24.84 miles) front, from Moreuil to beyond Lassigny," the
French war office reported today.
".Our troops, supported by continually arriving reserves,
are offering desperate resistance to the enemy's powerful
assaults."
Despite the bad weather French aviators continued their
attacks, the statement said, dropping bombs on and pouring
machine gun fire on tho enemy's battle front concentrations.
About 34,000 pounds of projectiles have been thrown on the
Noyon, Guiscard, and Ham regions.
Thirteen German machines have been brought down.
PRISONERS TAKEN
IS HAIG'S REPORT
LONDON, March 30. "TVe were pressed back at De
muin and Mezieres, south of the Somme, but at the latter
village we counter-attacked and took a number of prisoa
ers," Field Ma1- 1 TTa:' rtod today. . t
o.,iv i f m jenplace, north of the
".Oar c&vaixy. mi
INAL
DITION
PRICE TWO CENTS.
IN
R. R.
R
-
-
CENTE
RESUMED
iLh. great gallantry. Lota
it
X
'I
J
S!
' V

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