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la H; b r i Today Gcrmo Discipliae. War's Greatest Force. Understand It Well. Bat Without Discoarageeat. There is as much professional ism In the fighting of war as in prizefighting. The following state ments by an American general, "West Point graduate, help to under stand the task that Germany puts before this country and the' allies. The Germans alone know about this kind of war and have pre pared forJL West Tolnt neither taught nor knew anything like it except for observation and recent study. It is' as new to the veteran American I or English officer as to the nlne- teen-year-old recruits. This modern fighting is a mat ter of discipline and professional ism "discipline" that overcomes s excitement, Ignores wounds, en dure everything, obeying orders. , "To understand what this war means you must know that a Prus- elan officer can rely on his men ' ,, s though they were so many posts :Pt steel automatically moving or ... "'Urn ding, as be commands. People ask how soon after they in enlisted can they be made fce&dy for this kind of fighting. They are surprised to "hear that three months' preparation or six months' preparation is little better than nothing' and guarantees noth ing. j . What are three, or six months of r r- discipline. In training compared i-rwith the German soldier trained - .sad disciplined from the cradle? ' . Newspaper dispatches talk about throwing in reserves, but .the truth is that reserves lacking the dis cipline of years cannot stand. 1 In the noise of bursting shells, 1 the Intense excitement of the Tush the officer cannot be sure that 3til men, "AM, -ABSOLUTELY (GREEK," compared with the Germans,- will stand, or see or .obey signals, or know what they are aclag. J It Is sot a question of courage, ?-br. of rilfir.lnl'ne that nhnnlnfelv. '-coaquers nerves.. "S The German soldier, an autom- ,. atom of discipline, stays where yW-ntElm or goes where yon want him to ro, and after a bullet Ju struck him he still looks for his signal, and obeys it exactly as f tough he had not been hit .Not only the German soldier Jn he field bnt .the whole German na tion, the public, fathers and moth ers, men in public life, have all like been trained and disciplined "-: 'grata their childhood. TBe-Ger- sSoari nation works now in oneioi-. fe'ctlon, like one slngle'Prusslan Idler going forwarding bayonet 1hrge. Germany -does not discuss. 'W give orders she obeys. ;Here in America "you have all Idnds of men. from Mr. Roosevelt down, telling the President what he must do and how the war must be won. You' have women, and ProhlMtionlsU, and clergymen and various societies giving orders to the head of the nation. You have the people's repre sentatives in Congress criticising and attacking everything, especial ly the Commander-in-Chief. NA TIONAL DISCIPLINE, like indi vidual .discipline, is not known. "Germany is fighting with com plete reliance on every citizen at home, on every organization, every Inhabitant within that iron ring of trenches and steel Germany is working with abso lutely safe reliance upon every dis ciplined man fighting in the field. It is only necessary to give the order, and it is obeyed. The German at home accepts starvation or- semi-starvation . or "sixteen -working hours "a day with out a murmur and here you must promise your men that they will work only eight hours on national .defense work, and get double pay if they ask it But, most important of all, you must remember that Germans in the trenches or out of the trenches, waiting for the commander, rush ing across the bloody fields with shells exploding around them, are so thoroughly disciplined that nothing checks them, confuses, or bewilders them. To throw so-called "reserves." absolutely green men, against such forces is almost murder yet that is what the allies must do, and have done, and are doing. - So much for the view of an ex perienced American general fam iliar with the war's problems. You know the difference between a professional and an amateur prizefighter. A professional, in ferior in character, morals, or even physique, has a great advantage over the amateur. When he is knocked down he distinctly hears the referee counting, knows enough to rest while he may, and get up as the referea counts nine. The professional keeps his head in "the clinches," knows when and where he should strike in the break away. Two men being 'physically and mentally equal, one a professional and one an amateur, the professional has at least three hundred per cent the advantage. Germany, the German people, the German army, the German common soldiers are all ''pro fessional fighters." Everr man has been disciplined from childhood and trained as a fighter from his young manhood, i Everyone has been taught that the worst crime is disobedience. The trained professional Ger (Contlnued oa Pact 3, Column 7.) FIERCE ENEMY WEATHER: Inereasbta; elradlMaai probably rain late tonight and tomorrow.. Cooltr.to- raorroTT. Temperatare at 8 a. so. BO decree aver- a on April 1 for laat .30 'year' S degrees. NUMBER 10,485. PRESIDENT ORDERS MUNITIONS DISTRICT TO BE OPERA TED AS A UNIT t The first concrete step toward unification and single management of the rival street railway companies of Washington was taken today with the announcement that the management of boh roads would con fer on plans for the operation of the two lines as one unit. Action has been taken by the directors of both companies, and a joint committee -appointed to work out a plan of single control and ( (Continued on Pars S. Column 80 "M U. S. The UnitexJ States Navy carrying 105 miles. It will be developed along the so-called It was learned from a high source this afternoon that orders to navy ordnance officers to begin the construction GERMANS HOLD CITYOFMOREUIL WITH THE BRITISH ARMIES IN FRANCE, April 1 War planes report the Ger mans occupying Moreuil, on the right bank of the Avre. This town has changed hands several times in the last four days. ALLIES HOLD AIR SUPREMACY PARIS, April 1. The allies hold the supremacy of the air, and the heavily massed forces of -German artillery are now being met on even terms by re-enforcements of Anglo French guns. MOVE WESTWARD IN LUCE VALLEY WITH THE BRITISH ARMIES, April 1. The Germans are reported moving westward along the Luce valley, having passed Hangard. ! This is practically the only change south of the Somme, but it is important because it brings the enemy- slightly nearer the Calais-Paris railway. I STREET CAR LINES STEPPING STORES TO BUILD 105-MILE GUN Department plans to construct WASHINGTON, MONDAY ' EVENEfG, AERRi 1. 19i8. a long-rang egun capable of sub-caliber plan. Secretary Daniels had issued of such a gun immediately. ATTACKS BSBBBBBkSr RUSHED ACROSS 1 . . The Song Oiir Boys AreSuiging as They March to the fighting Line, See Pige 2 ; . "Where do we go from- here, ooys, Where 4o we. go fn. here? : ,t ,- mm not TOBE IMPEDED BY POLES IN i. Treatment ofGrwral VM Shows- Admintratffi 'and .MHfcBoarti Ware Wrena- Iftoom of Conspptf.r By bAvro IAWBENCE. , (CopTrfiM. oa. T New.Totk Ereala Port Cempanr-) MfJ. Gen. Leonard Wood is going to .France '.before long to- coaaaad troops in the field. That Is the plain meaning of the announcement that he has passed the physical teat required or officers in the American erpcdItlons.ryJforcs. The treatment accorded fjeoeral, Wood Is the best evidence yet offer ed that the present Administration has not mixed and does not Intend to mix politics and military efficiency. For whatever habits of political intrigue may have been indiscretely practiced by General Wood in the past, his soldierly qualities and driv ing power xe to be recognized. Insidious Attack. Incidentally the 'manufactured con troverey over General Wood 1 a iplen did example of the Inaidtoua attacks that ara belnr made upon President irit.nn Vor manr days prior to the jummonfnr of General Wood for phy sical examlnatioa tnere nare uo.u carefully spread "rumori' and stories to the effect that the Administration Intended to ahelva the famous aoU dler. .... The broad Infereace waa that the Frealdent would somehow tip off the medical board to disqualify General Wood. Not only waa thla a reflection on the character of the Prealdent, but on the integrity of the medical offi cers who were to examine General Wood, among them men of the repu tation and standing: of Or. Mayo, of Minnesota. The auggeatlon conveyed waa that the Prealdent and the medical board woulf enter Into a conspiracy to aldetrack General Wood. Case ( Geaeral Seatt. If the Admlnletratlon were to con alder Ita likes and dlaltkea Maj. Gen. Hugh Scott never would have been disqualified. He la the personal friend or the Prealdent. and Secretary Baker haa for him the highest affection. So has General Perahlnr and everybody else. The entire War Department hoped General Scott could, qualify, but he did not pass the teat The necesalty for phyalcally alert men haa been emphaaiaed by General Perehttlg hlmaelf. If the medical boards on tbla aide of the water will not weed them out. General Perahlng will. He haa already sent back many officers of high rank to do staff .duty here, and has aaked for younger men for active service. So far aa the Administration la concerned, it aenda General Wood to France with a clean blll..Hla disposi tion Is up to General Pershing en tirely. Had there been any politics In the case, perhaps. General Wood would not have gone, for it la an open aecret that by participating In polit ical conferences laat year, especially his presence at the famous meeting of Colonel Roosevelt, Elibu Root. Senator Lodge and others at which ways and meana of defeating Wood row Wilson for the Presidency were dlacuased, at a time when Mr. Wilson waa Oeneral Wood's commander-in-chief, a bad Impression was pro duced here by General, Wood. Similarly, the latter'a part In ha Ing a political headquarters In K Tork before the Republican National (Continued on Page 2, Column 4.) Mm FIFTY-FIVE MILES FROM HIS LUNCHEON .-'-"- . . : rfesokrf-I shall le m Paris for rHBciH m April IV - CltaMBceaa They sfcaS sot paw. . .LQNDON,-April 1. The nearest -place the German line has approached Paris is at'Mesnil, which is fifty-five miles from the French capital. ONSLAUGHTS OF ENEMY DDCAIT APAIMOT CHlin I mi Hit Hni4iii. 1 1 .ii ii ii i JIlr 171 ) fillTillilll UtJI IJJ' " '?ertlMX!r' VaCi-lT 1 ,.l . aTlT: Jd'U UZM' S j - m-im. BWaH wJtm zwrm m m- ' 'KWiHjfriBHW m Mm.v-m.mmb A PARIS, April 1. bardment of Paris was PARIS,. April 1. especially between Montdidier and the road from Peronne to Amiens. Anglo-French forces broke up powerful German attacks," the French war office announced today. A' FOE THROWN BACK IN ALBERT SECTOR LONDON. April 1. "A borhood of Gerre (probably Serre, seven miles north of Al bert), was reported yesterday morning," Field. Marshal Haig announced today. "One hundred and nine machine guns were captured. "The enemy twice attacked the outskirts of Albert yesterday evening, but was completely repulsed. - . "South of the Somme the enemy .is persisting in at tempts, to advance along the valleys of the Luce and Avre, but has made little progress. 'Throughout yesterday ter-attacks alternated with varying success. .Fighting is ex pected to continue." . . FOE PUSHED BACK IN FOUR PLACES LONDON, April 1. The allies havo pushed forward at four widely separated points while holding the Germans in check elsewhere. The most important of all allied successes was the re ( Continued on "Pago Two, CoL Two.) PRESIDENT TO SPEAK IN BALTIMORE FOR . THE THIRD LIBERTY LOAN President Wilson wQI open the Liberty Loan drive m Bal timore next Saturday with an address, it was learned here to day. He has abandoned any intention he may have had of .rd dressing Congress thk week, it was stated m White. House circles, and will outline hU views on cwrent matters at, Balti more. ' j REfiOLSED F The Ioo'rt.liS- resumed today. "North of Monldidier, local operation in the neigh afternoon and evening coun MEN JOT) INAL r -fK' l DITION wr t PRICE TAV6 CENTS. National Array Unite Sffjcitfrt- ; -rainfiHir A; Mr. msm FOR OB I IMK - i'-S '.-,a,i AW-.'rrJ- l&T&Wjl'' AWWl ,iWfcfW m' Wn - fk a-jr-jJj t Aaerjca's caafiihution- ttf Xh affied forcer oa the western front wIH "be neck 'greater than has eemid possible -sp to the present tfeae. .s Thk. Was-.learned or unquestion able aatbority today, nesident WHsea has taken a direct hand ia the came, foHewisg the aceestanes by the French Government ot Gen eral Pershing's offer of alt of the ' resources of the United States. EresMeat Orders Sfeed. The Pcesideathas issued orders to co-ordinate all efforts And eet all possible men, aeroplanes and mani- nons to-the front wjtheat delay. He also has pressed ior a speedy reply froa the French ad" British authorities as to what percentage erf supplies they can do without- in or--der that additional shipping shall be placed- at the disposal of this Goremment for troop movements. Officials declared today that the result will be of great benefit to General Foch. As was explained in these dispatches on Saturday the en tire armed forces of the United States are ready for transfer to -the - zone of fighting. AH of the men in the.-eamps throughout the country. raith a very few exceptions, have had more than six months of actual training. National Araj JCea JReaajr. There are certain' divisions of the national army which now are -so far advanced in .their training that they could go into action within an hour' after lanouig on French soiL! Cer tain of the Federalized national guard outfits also are -ready and waiting the word. These men are completely equipped and will be at General Foch's disposal very soon under the plan which is being for--mulated by the JEresldcnt. In Administration, .circles it was stated today that the promises made to the Senate Committee on Military Affairs by Secretary of War Baker will not only all be kept, but that they will be greatly exceeded under the ne wscheme now p effect. CANADA'f O BAR U. S. GOODS.. "OTTAWA. April 1. Canada pro posal to reduce Imports from tha itnttad States by S15O.000.0OO a ysar, Thla drastic action Is planned' to correct the exchange rats acalnit Canada, now ralaed to tha almoat prohiblUare point ot 2 per cent (or New- Tork 4unda. Following- a vialc to Washington by Premier Borden and Acting- Finance Minister Mae Lean, the Canadian government, de cided that the adverse, balance o" trade must be reduced by embargo against the Importation ePrnantifac,. .turetl, articles that can be .fabricated in Canada. 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