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THE WASHINGTON TBIES. SATURDAY, APRIL 20, 1918.
8 For Those Who Own a Car or Hope to Own One A Department of Valuable Information Practical Paragraphs Of Interest to Owners of Automobiles Muffler Paint. It ! difficult to find a satisfactory paint for the exhaust pipe and muf fler, because of the heat of those parts. Here li a highly recommended muffler paint: Boiled linseed oil 1-6 pound. Japan varnish 1-5 pound, tur pentine 2-5 pound, lamp black ltt ounces, powdered graphite 1H ounces, powdered oxide of manganese i H ounce. Mix the linseed oil and Japan Tarnish well torether. then t add In order, stirring; all the time, the lamp black, the graphite, and the powdered maVanese? As the mixture thickens thin It down with turpentine, until the quantity mentioned ha been used. This mixture should be used as soon aa It Is mixed, as It dries aulckly Every time the brush fs dipped In It should be stirred. It is well to paint "the muffler- while It Is hot, after bav in cleaned it thoroughly. zexkp Pireantleo. . Motorists who use one of the hand pumps, will do well to give the pump few strokes before attaching It to the valve. This blows out any grit or other foreign matter that may be clinging to the pump valve, pre venting their finding their way into the inner tuba. Ctetek Lubrication One of the most commonly neglect d parts of the. car, so far as lubrica- uon goes, is ine cjuicn operauns mechanism. In the case of diso clutches running In oil, the lubrlca-1 -tlon of the thrust collar and the lever operating It. is automatic But with clutchea that do not operate In a bath of oil, the thrust collar and lever re- ' Sulre oiling by hand. The service of , lese parts la exacting and frequent i lubrication of the ball -thrust bearing and of the end of the lever which actuates it, is necessary. Further more the bearing of the clutch pedal and the pins which secure the clutch operating1 linkage should be frequent ly lubricated. Ckuce OIL This is the season when the owner of a car should replenish oil in all compartments, engine, clutch, gear set and rear axle. The compartments should be flushed out with kerosene before the new oil is installed. T 10 AID EOF "A motor car la an Important in vestment," says H. II. Mundy. local Chevrolet manager. "And it la only fair," be continue, "that the pros pective purchaser be taught the es sentials cf motor car knowledge be fore Investing Tils money. "Before selecting a motor car the buyer should carefullj- consider each of these ten points: (1) economy; (2) power and flexibility, (3) durability; (4) comfort, (5) safety, (6) conveni ence, (7) ease and care, (8) easy rid ing. (9) beauty. (10) style. it is not necessary to consider these points in order as stated, al though It would be a safe plan to follow. "Economy has been given prefer ence, for it is the important point of the hour. Buy a car having an eco nomical record, one that will give you a maximum amount of mileage for each gallon of gasolene. This Is gov erned by type of motor, bearings, lubrication, and weight. "The next important essential to watch for is power. Ton want power In an automobile. Tou want to be able to go anywhere. Tou do not want to feel any limitations in this respect. "Durability Is something we all Liberty and Autocracy, Like Water and Oil Never Mix. Buy, Buy a Bond or Bye, Bye Liberty. Pay as three dollars more than regular price of a tingle tire and get two popular make tires, than regular price of a popular make tubes. $1 Tube Sale IJst Onr price price for for O.VG TWO TUBE TUBES 30x3 S3.0S $4-03 SOxSVi 3.73 4.7S 32x34 SJiS J 21x4 -O0 tVOO SSx 0.O3 6.03 33x4 &23 C-3 34x4 B-SS 6JJ5 38x4 ........ JX T.OO 3Sx4H .75 7-"5 3l4H -9 7-80 37x5 &40 9AO 1H IMPORTAN POINTS IC m The cleiit auortment of Ltjcbest Krnde tires In tbe city of ml! popular XTuiXes. We Invite Invrtlxntlon. Corv ttnuooa repeat orders demon trate onr high standard of merchandise at lowest prices with honest business methods. EXTRA SPECIAL! SOi3H noa-.kM tires with a 3,500 mile factory guarantee. Diamond 13.73 rnllman 13.73 wtfffl 812 DeelntcUnx srt Corner. While it is a wise precaution to throw out. the clutch when rounding a sharp corner. It also has a beneficial effect upon the tires. Whenever the car tends to skid, due to its deflec tion from a straight course, a cross strain Is brought to bear on the tire treads, which is directly proportional to the weight of the Vehicle and the radius of the curve and proportional to the square of Its velocity. If the power Is applied In rounding a curve the tendency to rip off the tires Is further aggravated by the backward drag due to traction. If the clutch Is released, however, that factor Is elim inated and the strain Is thereby re duced. Carlos; tev Bob Cap. When putting the car In commission for the year and every month during the running season, the hub caps should be thoroughly cleaned out, all the grease and verdigris removed, after which the caps should be repacked with fresh frreaa. It Is also well to clean out the hubs and bearings, wash ing them thoroughly with gasolene so mat airt ana grit win oe aisioagea. When this has been done the moving parts should be again lubricated, the hub caps put back In place and the car can be driven without fear of im properly lubricated axles. Oil for Small Parts. The brake mechanism seldom gets the lubrication it deserves. OH is re quired on the pins supporting the brake shoes and upon the bearing points of the cams or toggle mechan ism, which actuates the brakes. These parts usually depend for lubrication on the hand oil can. Beginning at the operating lever, every joint Jn the brake rod needs occasional oiling, as do the bearings of the compensating shaft. Wiring Chart, It may not be out of order to sug gest to the new car owner that one of the "tools" that should always be carried In the car, is the chart of the wiring system. Without this he may find himself in difficulties with the electrical system, that will be almost Impossible to locate. seek in making a purchase. It is es pecially important when one consid ers the amount involved. This item depends on the integrity of the maker, his honesty, his Ideals, his standards. A good way to Judge this is to notice the number of cars of any particular make in use. This Is, as a rule, a good guide to follow. "Conveniences and comforts are Im portant, too. Buy a car that gives you the little things that make mo toring enjoyable and free from care. Select your motor car with this knowledge and without mistakes." ENLISTS CAR DRIVERS BY UNIQUE METHOD TTse of freight cars almost exclu sively for shipment, of food, coal, mu nitions, etc. has made It necessary for automobile dealers to adopt a system of driving a great many ears from the various factories to their home cities. This, in turn, has neces sitated the finding of drivers, some times In large numbers. A dealer in Savannah, Ga., recently had occasion to drive a considerable number of cars from the Dodge Bros.' factory In Detroit to Savannah. He let it be known to a friend or two that he would pay a man 175 to go to Detroit and drive an automobile to Savannah, the driver to bear what ever expense he contracted over and above J75. The dealer was over whelmed with acceptances. The men who finally were selected to make up the driving party includ ed a college student, whose father took him out of school to make the trip, several grocers, the city court sheriff, a wholesale grain dealer, a commission merchant, an Insurance man. a lumber dealer, a physician, and several mechanics. Pay us one dollar more single tube and get two $3 Tire Sale i.i price for ONE TIItK 30x3 SI 1.33 30x3H JX.23 32x3tt 21.33 31x4 2.-l5 32x4 20.03 .13x4 30,43 34x4 31.20 36x4 33.10 33x4H 4.T30 3Sx4H 43.95 37x3 tZJBO Onr price for TWO TIItKS SI 7.13 2123 21.33 31.43 32.05 33.43 3120 36.10 48.10 46.93 B0 14th St N Fr. 3684 iTlX&kx i f ss)MBBSsKr9 X i mmf W .seHsBlC" v'iammmmmmm kf ill BcSemE TIREbocIv . w. The Spirit of Conservation Speaks. That quart of gasoline you did not waste, Transshipped, past dangers run. I Today has yanked a plane that raced With naming death and won. With It today a Tank effaced A Taube with Its Hun. For U lent the carload that "eomeboiv" tavet That are quelling the UunnUh lust. If the wee bit hart, and the ma' sit there Back of ut, aTt of tu, everywhere, It'M everyone helping and doing hi saare That moan we can idn; and to mutt. That tire you did not speed away. The time the speedways lured. Is sloves on surseon's hands today. And tightly ligatured. In No Man's Land, In dawn llrUt trey. A lad for life secured. .Vo; It Un't the tone that "somebody vatttt. For there' no one that wattee by the ton. If dUvcMng that damnable "I don't core." If union in tabor, ) in prayer; United the pauper and millionaire. That U ttaling the late of the Hun. Illnatba's Ride. In the springtime Hiawatha Struck with madness o'er a maiden. Hiked into the paleface wigwams, Boug-ht himself an auto Jitney, Grunted: "Ugh! Now Injun seel" Took her out torlde one Sunday, Laughed aloud at grumpy rirals. Fed It gas, and yanked at throttle. Had It doing fire and fifty. Pleased to hear his maiden's squawks. Heard suspicious sounds from engine. Heard it slow Its chanting speed song. Tanked and kicked at every lerer. Heard It coughing, weakly dying. Tried six hours to fix It. Failed. Then Hiawatha's redskin maiden. Told him things abrupt, unpleasant Things she "long had thought about him" As she started to the Tillage; Lett him whetting tomahawk. Now is beating of the tom-toms. Now is walling of the women. In a certain paleface wigwam Now Is mourning for a salesman. For the one that sold that car. A Plea. TTe stands, open mouthed, on the Arenue, Awe-struck by Washington. And you can tell he's new to the city At a glance, though he wears A uniform. And perhaps yon smile. Three weeks from now that uniform May be soaking with warm blood that Is shielding Tou and your nearest ones from Bel gium's fate. Three short weeks and the limbs that ache from tramping Upon your streets, may not be ach ing then. If you've an empty seat today as you are passing. Press down both pedals: hard. Lean over. Twist the handle on the door. And beckon to him. "HET1 SOL DIER BOTI" "Come on and ride with me." Tbe Evolution of the lUde. When the paleolithic caveman. In his paleolithic pride. Got bored with home surroundings. and Judged that he needed a ride. He mounted his number elevens, and blithely away he strode. To club a new wife on the cranium. If she happened to chance on his road. When the neollthto caveman got the wnnderlustlng craze. HE didn't go to walking for those were modern days. But he whistled him up a Gorumpus. and slid off a tree to his back Then whirled him round through a nose spin, to keep from forget ting the knack. They adopted another fashion when the age of bronze arrived. Discarding; the poor Gorumpus as "Old-fashlonedl" "111 con trived'" But the Gorumpl didn't dIMIke It: they kidded the Mastodons, A-hlklng about the country and the spurs were swords of bronze. Then they mounted a bumpety char iot In the days of rheraoh. And scooted about the country, at a hundred an hour, or so But they had to control their charg ers, 'ware'the speea that mount ed higher. Lest the friction of speeding breeze set their flowing beards on Arc They wasted no time in riding, in the days of Rome and Greece. They spent their time In scrapping, or In chasing golden fleece But now and then they traveled, and Lord! one bunch was sore! The crew that hoofed with Xenophon a million miles or more. The horse became a pessimist In the days when knlrhts were bold When they needed him they stole him. "What's the use of wastln' goldr All the critters then grew sway backed, from a-tottng militants. The knights that weighed 200 and they rode In cast Iron pants 1 We've motorcycles swift, today the auto aeroplane. More modern still, the ambulance, the tank for our war campaign. Tet I wonder if we're securing. In this hurried modern life. Half the Joy of that paleolithic, as be clubbed a brand-new wife. WMt lenda Itself te the habits ef eua and convenience ef the people. and because It lends Itself te the con venience ef tbe people, we want It sent te Careee and net kept here Your Speedometer and How to Care for It. Among the subsidiary mechanical units of the modern motor car, which only gives trouble on occasions, must be included the speedometer. In spite of the delicate nature of this instrument, it is not often that the motorist has occasion to attempt repairs of it. However, when such an occasion, does arise, some knowledge of the device is essential. At the present time there are in servic four definite types of speedometers, magnetic, centrifugal, hydraulic, and that driven by air current. The magnetic type of speedometer is probably the most pop ular type, as far as the number of makes of cars on which it finds a place. A typical construction in this class employs but one moving part, a circular magnet Over this magnet, but not touching it, is an inverted metallic cup, on the rim of which are a. row of figures, indicating the miles per hour. The magnet is revolved by means of a flexible shaft, its field acting on the dial cup. As the speed of the magnet increases, so does the magnetic pull and the dial cup is drawn aorund to indi cate the increasing speed. The dial is mounted on a steel shaft with a jeweled bearing at the top. A hairspring is fitted to resist the pull of the magnet, and this also serves to return the cup to zero when the car stops. In general a temperature compensator is fitted in this type, to prevent the hairspring being affected by climatic changes. Within the past year or so the air current type of speedometer has been achieving a considerable popularity. This type of instrument em ploys a stream of air to turn the dial which indicates the mileage. A typical construction in this class has a flexible shaft driving an air cir culator, consisting of two elongated aluminum gears, placed in the head of the instrument and opening into an air chamber. This latter has two openings, one an entrance for the air, the other an exit. A dial fitted with a vane is pivoted in the chamber. A current of air is forced into the chamber by the revolutions of the gears and this stream striking the vane, revolves the dial to show appropriate) figures. A hair spring is used to return the dial to zero when the car stops. The centrifugally operated speedometer, is actuated on the same principle four,d in the ffyball governor. Weights are mounted on the moving shaft by means of levers or cranks, so that the movement of the weights by centrifugal force Is communicated through the shaft to the dial. When the car speed Increases these- weights tend to fly out and being connected with the dial through the shaft, pull the former around to the right and display the correct figures lor the miles per hour. The hydraulic type of speedometer has not gained any considerable following as yet, though its many excellent qualities may eventually win it recognition. All speedometers have certain characteristics in common; the variations in type generally refer to the m?ans employed by actuating the mileage dial. All those instruments have a connection in the shape of n rotating shaft that is flexible and is housed in a flexible housing, running to some running part of the mechanism, usually a front wheel. On the end of this shaft is a gear, which meshes with a gear on the moving part employed. This shaft is driven from the car's mechanisn and in turn drives the mechanism of the speedometer through sonio sort of a joint. It has in the past been the practically universal custom to connect the speedometer with a front wheel, but recently the idea of utilizing the propeller shaft has come into marked favor. Now some makers are beginning to connect the speedometer with the transmission unit and claims of maximum quiet, perfect lubrication, and protection are made for this location. When something goes wrong with the internal economy of the speedometer itself, the car owner can do nothing but take it to the service station. He would stand just as much chance of repairing his watch as this instrument. However, there are other derangements that he can repair. For instance, the coupling at the bottom of the speedometer head sometimes shakes loose so that while the shaft still revolves the dial does not register anything. To fix this the end of the shaft should be loosened from the head, pushed firmly in place, and tightened again. Again the flexible shaft may bind in the housingjdue to abrupt bends, and then the speedometer will fail to register. When trouble occurs look first at the shaft and see that it has as few bends in it as possible, and those long and sweeping. Another thing to watch is in making a change from one sized tire to another, on the wheel that drives the speedometer, this will make the readings inaccurate. Even a change to oversize tires will cause inaccuracy. For instance, in one make of instrument, the makers announce that if a. change is made from 34 x 4 inch tires to 35 x 4, the sixty-eight toothed gear used in the former will have to be changed to a seventy-tooth gear. .... - -. It sometimes happens that where the driving gears are of fiber, that a noise is caused by loosening of the parts. By using a little strong laundry soap, the gears may be swollen again, so that they mesh bet ter. It is a good thing to give the moving parts a little oil from time to time, but where the gears run exposed, this will not be very effective. In some cases after the speedometer has been in service for some time the dial begins to fluctuate, a condition induced by vibration. In some instances this becomes a chronic condition, but again it may simply be due to looseness in the fastenings and connections, which, the service station will fix in a jiffy. If the speedometer suddenly fails to register mileage and speed, the first place to examine is the driving shaft Disconnect the flexible shaft at the head and with the front wheel being revolved, see if the shaft revolves without jerk ins If the shaft runs smoothly the trouble lies in the instrument itself It happens sometimes that a link in the shaft Is broken, so that when' the part is disconnected in this way, the broken ends will catch at intervals. While the shaft is disconnected, turn it In the head and see if it makes the dial Indicate Each Individual la a military unit In an unbroken chain, and a single weak link may ennse disasters D. C Food Administrator. "Buy a Bicycle" Spring and Summer weather is no time to ride to and from work in a stuffy street car. Buv a "Black Beauty" and be a regular out-of-doors man. Terms as Low as $1.25 Per Week DAYTON ECLIPSE SQA.00 HAVERFORD NORSMAN UP Haverford Cycle Co 522 10th St N. W. Near V St. "Service Above All" LITTLE GIANT TRUCKS Webster's Definition of the word "Giant" "l. of more than mortal, but less than God-like power and endurance. 2. A thing of extraordinary size or power." Phone Franklin 6231 Owner's Service Department I had some trouble on tbe road not long ago. It was like this: The motor wouldn't run only slowly and then It wouldn't pull at all. I had It towed Into the garage and there I tested it for everything and concluded that the spark was at fault. I had a repairman come in from the service station and he worked around it for a number of hours and I found out that the gen erator chain was broken. Now how could this stop the motor from run ning? D. J. HAWKINS. It Is easy to see that If the generat or feeds the load-after a certain speed Is reached, the engine would not run at or above that speed If tbe generat or driving chain were broken. The battery feeding at low speeds ac counts for the fact that the engine would idle all right. Can old oil taken from the. crank- case and other places be used over again after filtering off the solid mat ter. Where is the Stanley steamer factoryl What other steamers are made? J. A. L. - 1. UB it over again, but not for en gine lubrication. After removing the sediment use the oil for spring leaf lubrication and for brake connec tions and similar places. 2. The Stanley Is made in Newton, Mass. The Doble is another steam car made by the General Engineering Co., Detroit, Mich. What is the meaning of a truok tractor; also what is an Industrial truck? When a car is converted Into a truck and the load Is given as 3.000 pounds is that the maximum load or the safe load? MASTERS. A truck tractor is a vehicle which carries a load and also pulls one. An Industrial truck Is a small vehicle used for carrying goods Indoors or for short distances outdoors a for example trunk and baggage carriers as used at railroad stations. Indus trials are usually operated by stor age batteries. That depends on the maker. Often the maximum load Is given and again the safe load. Better ask. Whr hasn't the eleetrla car made any headway? There are so many ad vantages of It that all I can see against It is the speed. CURIOUS. Aside from Its cerformanee being much below that of a gasolene car, the electric has a limited range of operation, since a battery change gives only a definite amount of mile age. As one engineer said, the driver of an electric Is obvious that every minute he has less current than the minute before. Tbe electric is a hlgh lv efficient vehicle and well suited to certain work In cities. It fills a defin ite neea in me commercial ueju ,au Is coming In In greater number there. I am charging seventy-five cents an hour for work and frankly I don't know whether I am making money on the shop. My men -are getting more and I think I would be Justified In raising to ninety cents If the custom aim would stand for It. How about rates in other ettlea, have they gone up at all? REPAIRMAN. Tou would be lustlfled in raising your rates with the men getting high er wages ana everyining conneciea with repairing costing more, but why not find out how much you are mak ing now? Get hold of a good cost system or pay an accountant for a few days work to go over your books and tell you where you stand. Do not work In the dark. Half the shops In the country run along without knowing how much they make, when It Is a comparatively simple matter to find out. Write to the editor of the trade paper ynu use for a cost system and If you cannot get It we will send you one. tVet lend IteeM the habits ef ease and convenience of tbe people. and because It lends Itself to tbe con venience ef the people, we want It sent te Europe and net kept here D. C Food Administrator. "Service Above All" FORST BROTHERS, Inc. 1315 New York Ave. N. W. Keeet P jB ' -jHLaw " itli u ' I, " "" (MHsdaWrTlW- tr..-,i xr-... r- h pert, Mr. Llewelyn Powers Jones, the Questions and-Answers have been left In the capable hands of his secretary MISS GWENDOLINE CHALLORAN. "I -have a set of tires now cm my machine whleh I have driven 18,000 miles without ever having had a puncture or a blow out They are naturally a bit worn and I would like to know if it would be advisable to reduce the air pressure in them. What would you advise me to do about them? -O.H.IC" O. H. K. If I had a set of tlres that had gone 16.000 miles without a puncture I would put them In a museum. Send Flowers. I have grown so disgusted with road hogs that I have made up ray mind that I shall sot turn out for them In future. If all the motorists reading your column would make the same resolution this would put an end to the nuisance. DETERMINED." This Is all right Determined. It your wife Is a blonde. Only blonde women look well in mourning, and It Is not fair to a brunette wife to re fuse to .turn out for a road hog. Ministers Take Notice. "The last two Sundays I have parked my car back to the golf club and on each occasion when X returned some one had bent one of my fenders In pulling out from beside me. Wouldn't it Be com mon courtesy to leave a card in a machine you run into? "MIDIRON." There Is only one way to avoid this trouble. Park your car In front of a church Sunday morning, and you will rarely have reason to complain. Working. "I have a bad valve tap In num ber two which I seem unable to get rid of. Does this do any harm of any sort? X T. T." J. T. Y. There are a lot of peo ple you would never Jmow were liv Little in name only, but a real Giant in action. Construction Extraordinary. Power Ditto. Thousands working daily to prove it. Compare specifications part for part with that of any other truck. That will prove our truck is rightly named. And we live up to our motto. ANSWERS BT Llewelyn Powers Jones nhtenrn nf nnr mrrhnnlrnl ex- ing If they dldnt cough now and then Ynnr tan lets von know ronr motor is working and does so harm. Summer Stuff. "I find my engine overheats since the warmer weather has set In. There seems no reason for this as the fan Is working per fectly and the engine in good condition. What can you sug gest to remedy the trouble? "HEAT." We suggest a larger fan. Put on one with very long blades and wide sweep to catch all the wind. Paint leaf Is the best Canine. "Is a motorist liable to damage for running over a dog? -lSOAL." Thst all depends on what you mean. I saw one farmer bend a perfectly good hoe handle over a motorist who ran over his dog. If you are inquiring about what is 1I,M. tn bannen in tha ear we wasr- gest you keep off of dogs. Fat ones make the car skid and skinny ones are liable to give you a puncwrc License. "What States require the li cense tag on both ends of a carl All we have ever been in. Gears. "I find a harsh rasping noise when I shift my gears. No mechanic seems able to remedy the trouble. What do you sug r.,t. QEARS." o.- .Lt4n hm Prom what you say they give you no trouble) l-i mttA tt-nit the rasnin2 noise is the gears' protest against being siuitea. "NORWALK" High pressure Tires and Tubes are as per fect as human ingenue ify can devise. Phone Msln 44M niM Onr Representative Will Call and Tell Yen Abent Herrralk Tires and Tabes Becker's Leather Goods Co. Distributors Cforwnlk" Ttren Tnkee 1324-1326 F Street N.W. Washington, D. C D. C. reed AantlaUtmteek