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'fl Today The Land Needs Walcr. The People Need Money. GoYerament Will Irrigate With Casbaidte Water. WEATHER: Fair mud cooler toalght and tomorrow. Tempera tare at 8 a. bl, 73. S de cree warmer than aver age for Jane 7 for last thirty yearn. mw WASHINGTON, FRIDAY EVENING. JUNE 7. 1918. NUMBER 10,552. PRICE TWO CENTS. flJJH'lJfilMPMlii F' INALl ( EDITION to Watewi j Br ARTHUR. BBISBAXE. 'When a thing is done and set tled, like the end of slavery, the right of women to rote, the right of the public to own. operate and control public monopolies, wise men cease discussing the principle and begin studying the result The wisdom of Woodrow Wil son, taking over the railroads for the Government, treating security holders Justly and generously, dis poses of what has been called "Government ownership theory." FROM NOW ON IT IS FACT. Men discussing the forward step confine themselves too close ly to the question, "Can Govern ment operate the roods as well as private ownership?" Surely Government can it could not do it worse. The days of Harrimftn and Hill have gone. Railroads cannot finance themselves. Boards of directors spent their time fight ing each other, not building rail roads, and mode profit actually and criminally wrecking railroads, ax in the case of the New Haven, Bock Island and others. The torn of the people has come. And mere good management of railroads, enough cars and en gines, roads in repair, are really minor issues. The great fact is this: Public sources- of wealth, natural monop olies, are to produce wealth and prosperity for ALL the people, in stead of ezcessive wealth, and power to corrupt legislation, for a few individuals. What does it mean when you read that Mr. McAdoo will add three hundred million dollars a yearto thepay of railroad work ers, increasing especially the earn ings of those patd the least? It means that three hundred million more dollars are going every year to people needing money, instead of going to a few Individuals with too much money already. . Magnificently democratic and full of meaning is that line "high est increase in pay for those now paid the least." Private ownership gave high pay. to the men who could force a strike, tie up the road better wages were based on fear of in dustrial blackmail. Government ownership increases pay. not because it EEAES the "worker aAA-strikerrrior the days railroad strikes are gone but because-it RESPECTS the worker as a citizen, entitled to a decent living for himself and his family fa rettirn for a day of honest work. Government ownership of rail roads and Government cayment is to this , nation, ftandally, what Government irrigation of desert lands is to the nation in the way of agriculture. Suppose you had on the left arid lands' and on the right a great lake half filled, belonging to private individuals. Would you advocate adding: more water to the lake, or would you put that water en the dryland? The railroad system of the United States, privately owned. represented a great financial lake half full. When more money came, it was added to that lake not given to the hundreds of thousands of workers that needed it, or only given in driblets, grudgingly. In fear of strikes and violence. Government control of rivers, streams and irrigation, puts the WATER where it is needed, on dry land, and thus builds up the nation. Government control of railroads and other great natural public mo nopolies and sources of wealth will put the money where it is needed (In the hands of workers, poorly paid) and thus build up the nation. Irrigation of land with water, which was only possible under Government control, is to be fol lowed by irrigation of the popula tion with wealth, only possible un der public ownership. Only the fool will say that this is subsidizing or "socialism." The land that you irrigate psys you a hundredfold in fertility and crops. The working population that you pay well will return your money a thousandfold In good work, in edu cation and health of children, in good citizenship, in. patriotism. And do not imagine that Gov ernment distribution of wealth on & fair basis for good work will benefit the working classes only. On the contrary, it will do more for the prosperous class for the thinkers, the planners, the busi ness men whose prosperity de pends entirely upon the spending power of the masses of the popu-. lotion. The man of unusual ability can pake money only where there is xnosey to be made. Send" Rockefeller, Gould. T. F. Ryan, Gary or any other construc tive American business man to China, where men work for ten cents a day how will that Ameri can make his fortune? What could George Pullman have done with his sleeping car idea if then had not been in this country millions able to afford sleeping ears? When the Government judici ously directs irrigation with wealth as well as irrigation with water it benefits in both cases the entire nation. Motb, nttt-tttrtbjr3n.iiianft TK ww"i MMW JY v?ae" veaaaaay- ' Government Takes Over Ice Business of AMERICANS GAIN ON MARNE FRONT U-Boats Are Believed To Be Heading For Home ALLIES WAN! UNITED STATES TO JOIN POOL OE MUNITIONS Believe Super-Minister of Re sources Would Be as Bene ficial as Placing Armies Un der One Commander. By DAVID LAWRENCE. (Cbpyrlglit 1311, by Now York Evening Put Company). The allies have renewed their, re quest for American participation in a new war council that shall pool all the munitions resources of Eng land, France, And the United States. They believe that a superminister of munition? having command olall the munitions roinisfcries.of the en tente belligerents would be as bene ficial as the unified command in mili tary affairs exercised at present by General Foch. Stettinius to Go? Thus far there has been no con clusion reached here, but It is quite probable that Edward R. Stettinius, Assistant Secretary of War. may be sent abroad to represent the United States on stxjh a council. There Is talk of a similar organization for food and raw materials, but the dls cussion is still vague and Intangible So far as food is concerned, there is virtually a saper-mlnlstcr of food for the allies rlcht here In Washington In the serson of Herbert Hoover, but there ourht to be an inter-allled council to check up on the respective needs or requirements or the allies, for while none of the nations Is ask ing for more food than Is needed. there is such a thing as a relative urgency. Cutting down to the very bone may mean one thins in one country and quite another sort of restriction with a second population. An agency which would survey all the require ments of the allied countries at one' time would be helpful, and on such a council America, of course, would have a conspicuous representative. Different Policies. Whether the plan would be practi cable for the control of exports and imports is not bo certain. Different policies have been put Into .-ftect In different countries. England, for In stance, reduced her domestic con sumption so as to keep up her export trade America cut down both ex ports and imports without seriously restricting domestic consumption. And there are high officials who think think America ought to adopt the English practice and begin to renew exports, especially to neutrals, so as (Continued on Page 21, Column 5.) TODAY more grain, more cattle, more crops for everybody. More money among the people, the workers, means greater pros perity, hanpiness for all, especially tor tire most intelligent. A million workers have their pay increased three hundred millions a year. They build houses, keep their children ln school, protect their wives from overwork, take pride in the nation which pays them well and guarantees them their posi tions and self-respectful life. Is not that a good thing for the nation? Isn't it a good idea to have a million more men own their houses and say: "The peace of this nation belongs to me, and I and my children belong to the nation?" Doesn't every good father say: "I want my children to be free from anxiety. I want them to work and be useful, and I want them to be happy, well fed, well educated?" Should not a Government for the people say "I want my children, my people, to work diligently and fairly. I want them well paid in their- youth and strength, free ram awzftta p ffcafccKUggT1 Where Moon's Shadow Crosses U. S. wgRamLrjmvmi Washington 4 , 2f5Jvv AD2Ss''aoF'Is''9oafiOTOwira UU I aWlll III Lai 1 1" h V IhSiJi NSv jHSBTuyr w vr3BgP.Hr:EYTafcvECTgcsrev8crogT- t -' r? p e- w J , j . I sSs 2S3a f Vi"iiiji Jj This drawing shows the path of the OF SUM ECLIPSE If you are alive and awake and in Washington early tomorrow night you probably will be able to witness the strange sight of a three-fourths eclipse of the sun. The eclipse will be caused by the moon coming between the sun and the earth as the moon travels in its path around the earth. The moon getting in the light from the sun will throw a great shadow upon the earth. This shadow will hit the United States first in the State of Washington, and then travel diag onally south and east to Florida. This great shadow first will strike the earth at the Borodino Islands, south of Japan, at sunrise tomorrow. All of those people in the path of this shadow will witness the sun in a full eclipse. The shadow will sweep across the Pacific ocean and enter 'he United States at Aberdeen, Wash., at Ave minutes to 3 o'clock in the afternoon. It will sweep diagonally across the States, reaching Orlando. Kla.. forty seven minutes liter, or at nineteen minutes to 6 o'clock. The difference (Continued on Page 3. Column 7 ) E OF GREAT REVOLT, TRAVELERS STATE BERKS. June 7 Austria Is about to have an experience similar to that of Russia, when the Czar was de throned, according to statements to day by travelers returning from Vienna. They declare it is significant that innumerable attempts have been made against military worki and establishments. In the Adriatic region, Slavs have destroyed mines in the ports and canals of Daimatia and on th Croa tian coast. In Bosnia, Hungarian patrols have been massacred and rail ways seriously damaged. The food situation is very serious, and the government hea posted de crees In the region from Gratz to the sea, declaring that revolt, desertion, or complicity in military transgres sions are punishable by- hanging or shooting. The burgomasters of Munich, re feld, and Dessau have been Imprison ed for profiteering. At Munich, the burgomaster narrowly escaped lynch ing A mob which charged he had filled his residence with government food stormed the house, but he had fled They seized the food and sold it at huge profits. The food situation In some parts of Germany also l growing worse. It is reported At Cologne a mob attack ed An unguarded food train, com- CAPIIALPATH mmm AUSTRIA ON VERG great shadow that will sweep across the moon gets between the earth and the sun and causes a total eclipse. Facts Afrout The. Eclipse f Visible In Washington between 6:33 and 821 o'clock tomorrow night. Three-fourths total at 7:59, viewed from Washington or near this city. Caused by the moon getting be tween the sun and the earth. May bo seen to best advantage through piece of smoked glass, prepared by holding glass over smoking wick of lamp. POLICE WILL WAGE T The police are to wage a deter mined, crusade against the unmuzzled dog. With the growing danger In hot weather to children and pedestrians of being attacked by rabid dogs. Major Raymond W Pullman, superin tendent of police, today said that further orders would be given po licemen to cause the arrest of all owners of dogs which are allowed to run at large unmuzzled. The police have a long list of per sons recently attacked and bitten by unmuzzled dogs and may arrests have been made. But the owners In most Instances have forfeited col lateral or those who have appeared in Police Court for hearings have pleaded that they had no knowledge that their "pets" were on the streets without being properly muzzled. "At this time of the year," said a police official today, "dogs become easily excited because of the beat. and when they are allowed to roam the streets unmuzzled are a menace to the community. The worK of catching dogs Is not a policeman's duty, but It is his business to cause the arrest of owners of does allowed on the streets unmuzzled." If owners of dogs ro-oprrate with tho" Police Department, said Major Pullman, it will not be necessary to make arrests. Muzzles cost but little, and there seems to be no excuse for anyone who owns a dog not having one for the animal, he argues. iv n nu rcLPncn snu.Nns. w. ta. Tb QrMSbrltr. Boroeaaa plan. Wcadrrful coraUvs wnars. Ovcr-nigbt frets Waaalastco. Advt. LOST AND FOUND FOCKETBOOK Contains tM. mrmi dunxe and trunk key. en ISth il or I, n Be. ward. U L. Ml 13th rt. N. W. I DIAMOND BROOCH Fbuni Mna pat entee and Union Station ut Sunday, flnilr Initialed. CommunlcaU with D. P. ROSS. ta Main Ave, Passaic. N J. n A BLACK LACE SHAWL, loot Tutadar nlrtit betwrrn 12th and P 8U. to lith St ftaward if returned to 12 P 8t N W J.t BILL TOL.D, eootalninr chunur' Ikvnat. prorol-OTry now. a cUnincatlon card .for draft Leave at J7X Rhode lalaad Av n- CRUSADE AGAIN UNMUZZLED DOGS tho United States tomorrow, when I BILL FAVORABLY The Trammel! minimum wage bill for women and minora In the District. similar to the Keating bill In the House, was ordered favorably report ed today by the Senate District Com mittee. The bill has already been fa vorably reported by the District Com mittee in the Bouse. The committee also reported favor ably a number of other District bills. Including the measure for a two platoon system for the fire depart ment. The committee amended it so that the Commissioners may put the two-platoon system into effect when it Is possible to do so. This was done because of the difficulty of securing enough men for the new system im mediately. PRINCE UCHNOWSKY IS NOW AT ZURICH ZURICH. Switzerland, June 7. There is much speculation over the presence here today of Prince Llch nowsky, former German ambassador to London, whose publication recently of a memorandum tending to show Austro-German responsibility for the war came near causing bis arrest on a charge of treason. He has his passports, and It is assumed that he is here with the consent of the Ger man government, No Intimation is given of the purpose of his visit. AUSTRIAN SOCIALISTS WOULD SEIZE FORTUNES Socialist newspapers in Austria are urging seizure of one-fifth the wealth of Individuals' fortunes, as a remedy for the financial situation. Zurich re ports received here today stated. Slnco 1014 the Issue of notes has Increased ten fold and now totals 123,000.000,000, without any guaran tee or credit, the dispatch stated. HERE'S HOW U.S. MARINE AVIATOR CELEBRATED MIAMI, Fla., June 7. After reading of the marine's success In France, Lieut F. U Fleer made 109 succesxlvo loops at Marine Flying Field near hero, today. This breaks the record for military aviation. N. Y. FACES CAR 8TRIKE. NEW YORK. June 7-More than S00 employei of t&e ynjpnnallwaij Company of the Bronx and wesichesVl ter county went on strike today fol lowing a conference wlth leaders of the Central Federated Union, and a general tie-up of Greater Xew York MiNiMUM WAG REPORTED TODAY ICE INDUSTRY Only Way to Insure Adequate Supply for Capital During the Summer. Manufacturers Concede. Clarence E. WHsoa, Federal food administrator for the District to day took over the masa-remest of ice manufacture and distribution in Washington. A committee of three ice manu facturers will "act with Mr. Wilson in superintendby: and directiae pro diioaWtfsir3ati&. 'sdrastic.-acttar was forced -tc- uax.ayj,onTnpiaiBta worn au parts oz too ctty-tnat Tesidcats are unable to obtain Ice at any cost. Central Station. Establishment of an Ice station In the central part of the city, where consumers will be served with B-cent blocks of Ice, vrlil'be considered by the Food Administration. Ice manufacture, distribution, plat form and wagon sales and everything incident to tha Ice Industry In Wash ington will be operated under the personal direction .f Food Adminis trator Wilson. At a meetiar of the Committee of Ice Manufacturers and Dealers last night with Mr. Wilson, this action was decided upon as the only way to In sure for Washington an adequate sup ply of ice during the summer. Otaaattta Jtmmti. S. A. Klmberly, U. P. Stewart, and W. D. Blkk were named by Mr. Wil son, to assist him In the management of the local Industry. Tha duties of this committee, acting with the Food Administrator, will be as follows. according to a program outlined by Mr. Wilson today: To superintend and control toe manufacture of lee. To superintend the handling of Ice at the plants and delivery at plat forms to dealers and to the public To take over the delivery and sale of ice by dealers to the public at prices agreed upon by manufacturers and dealers. To investigate all complaints as to faulty service in distribution. To Institute prosecution of dealers who discriminate among consumers (Continued on Page 10, Column 2.) D.C. CLERKS' PLEA A promise to do "all in their power to grant the request" for Increased salaries for clerks in District employ was Issued today by the Commis sioners. The Board of Commissioners, through General Knight, Engineer Commissioner, authorized the follow ing statement: "The requests were considered care fully, and the Commlvioners are fa vorably disposed toward them, and will do all that is in their power to grant the requests. Beyond that, it Is Impossible at this moment to say more." The clerks show that, if the de mand of the association be granted for a S3 minimum for laborers the clerks will be receiving less pay than the laborers. They point out that the clerks are working on a salary basis determined many years ago, be fore living costs rose to present levels. Senator John Walter Smith, chair man of the Senate District Commit teejald today the wages of District employes should be put on a level with the pay In other Government agencies. He pointed out that unless this was done, the District Govern ment would find itself without ade- FOR RAISE FAVORED BYCOMMiSSlONERS TABLOID REVIEW OF DAY'S FIGHTING ONALL FRONTS MARNE FRONT Fijhtin continnJnj north-rest of Chateau-Thierry, where American and French troops pushed the Germans back more than two miles on nve-mJIe front Wed nesday night and Thursday morning. ( French sained slightly on the .extreme northern portion of the Marne front. British recap tured a town between the JTsrne and Rhriwr, on the eastern flank. PICARDY ,FRONT French took prisoners fn raids near Hontdidier and Nyon. FLANDERS FRONT British, inflicted bjeaty casualties in s raid north, of Bethhne. LORRAINE FRONT AmerK can and German artillery en gaged in -a lively artillery duel daring the .night ' AUSTRIA-HUNGARY Trar elers reaching Switzerlasdvf rom Vienna say ABstria-Hmtgary is en lb verge of a revolution sitaUar.tO (hat which overthrew the Cxar in Russia. anNA-Minaf.'-'haSr' decided on wholesale deportation of Germans to Australia, accord ing to a Toldo dispatch. RAIDER'S LAS! Navy officials began to believe to day that one or both of the German U-boat coast raiders are heading homeward now. The fact that the Harpathlan sink ing occurred further out at sea than any previously, plus the fact that the German Is beginning to use his tor pedoes, led to the idea that he la turning back to bis base. , After Big Game. The submersible operating off the Capes moved out to sea about sixty miles since last previously heard from when It sank the Norwegian steamer Eidsvold. Navy nJen frankly admitted that this movement had not been fully traced, but they were still hopeful that contact would be established with this U-boat, whose plan appears to be the hunting of bigger game than Jarraed coastwise steamers without military value. This appeared the case from the fact that a torpedo was used on the Harpathlan, which was the second trans-Atlantic ship of military value to he bagged off the capes. Hereto fore, with .one exception, the boche had spared his torpedoes. MAN HELD AS SPY CLEARED BY PROBE Navy Department officials today denied emphatlcaly that a hotel keep er named Renshaw at Cape May. N. J, was being held as a spy. It had been reported that he had been caught signaling with electric lights to some one off the coast and had been ar rested. The department received a report today saying that Renshaw was a loyal, patriotic American who has two sans In the military service of the United States. According to the re port reaching here he was having trouble with his electric lights and was arrested by a coastguard As soon as Investigation had revealed alt of the facts he was released at once. The Navy Department had no word whatever of submarine operations to day The crew If the Harpathlan. sunk off the Virginia capes, has ar rived at an Atlantic port. accordlrK ATTACK FAR OUIATSEA Capital ALLIES ON OFFENSIVE WIN FRESH SUCCESSES French Take Hill 304; Ameri cans Hold' and ConsoBdaft Gains, While. British Forge Ahead. WITH THE AMEElCAJtS ON -THE 'MABNE, Jane 7 Floyd Gibbons, of Waahi&rtaa, D. C, cuTespecdent of tha QeV caxo Tribune, -iras wuBaikd fait -night while watcfefaj;. 'Tic till). 'He ira atraek in' the 070 aatf ambr raaca&e-gtabeOetat BBr wonada are uetfataL Gibbon was the .vziteraf tfaa classic account of the ah-ldax f the LnaiUnia, pabliahcd la The Washington Times. He was at one time at Georgetown Uairaw oity. PARIS. June: 7. -A. farther gala Bar the French and American truuy northwest of Chateau ThienT oa the Marne front was reported by tha French war office today. There has been .heavy fighting at various points between the Onrcq asi Marne rivers. Fierce fighting is still going em northwest of Chateau-Thierry, when French and American troops hare poshed the Germans back. The Americans advanced in Torcy-Belleaa-Bonresches line after a fierce straggle. Nearby the French deliver ed a strong assault, takinr Hill No. 2M. (Hill 204 is in the same sector where American marines are light ing). The French have made fresh progress aest of VenlHy-La-Poterie. also. Improve Positions. Both to the north and sooth of the Alsne the French extended and Im proved their positions. The British joined in tha conatsr offensive, capturing ground betweea Rheiras and the Marne river. There were cannonades elsewhere on the front. German lines were raided by the French west of Noyon. and, some pris oners were taken. Other successful raids were made near MontdMieav American troops are fighting aoatn of Hontdidier.) "Between the Ourcq and the &&& local operations are going on lythe region of Neullly-La- Poterie and Busslares," the communique said. Progress Ovatlanea. The French progression continued The French took VInly and the wood to the east. Neullly-La-Poterle St tion. and the northern borders of that village. . Further south the junencaaa i some ground on tno 'i-orcy-ueie Bouresches front. . . . "North of the Alsne, Irenes nnjirt attacks took Lo Port, west of Poata- noy. Uses ReetUle. "South of the Alsne, French peofr Uons were rectified east of Aableagc, "West of Chauteau-Thlerry, I French attack gained Bill 200. "itetwern the Marne and Sn the British retook tho vStaaw C Bllgny. inflicting heavy losses. "North of Montdldler (on th-PV cardy front, where Americans arej gaged), and west 01 noyon, m troops took prisoners In raids. "There was Intermittent caffl ing on the west of tho front." SUCCESSFUL RAID REPORTED BY BMG LONDON, June T. "We raided a hostile post northeast of Bethrine last nigbU Inflicting heavy casualties, eaa- aJeteJz-fgtfJeTnylit. . tfrmKimci ogM8tfJgaawA plnftfl ts. fhrrjutned. jtil JaOSahec a? AflB40fBS Kaiwpo-t-reoetreUtodaj. .CominnoA oaPas '