Newspaper Page Text
" J!&"V V ' V'F l'." 'aWK-wi'?' y 4'WJMitf.
Today Hawk Among Chickens. Sober Great Britain. WtatAbout the U.S.A.? Bolshevism ia Austria. atogfon mm WEATHER: Fair tonight and to morrow! slightly coaler tonight. Temperature at 8 a. ra.. S, 4 degrees cooler thaa arrrna-e tor Jnae 18 tor last thirty years. INAL EDITION WASHINGTON, TUESDAY EVENING, JUNE 18, 1918. NUMBER 10,563. IQoski Wall Street Prices-. PRICE TWO CENTS. Wsttm 2 By ARTHUR BRISBANE. Austria's attacks on Italy seem partly due to nervousness at home. , Austria has been exchanging prisoners with Russia. The Aus trlans coming hack have told friends in the Austrian army about the beauties of Bolshevism how every Bolshevist does as he pleases, takes what he finds; everybody talks, nobody fights. There have been mutinies In regiments of Slovenes, Czechs and others. Including Hungarian Serbs. The mutinies started In each case, Intelligently with the shooting of German officers by men under them. The break that is coming some where and probably soon may rea sonably be looked (or in Austria, a country that may be compared to a metal bar made up ot iron, brass, lead and tin In layers, and not very reliable. The mixed na tions or Austria, rightfully con sider themselves prisoners. They hate the Austrlans, hate the Ger mans, and they will not be kept In starvation and driven to war for ever. Secretary McAdoc says that the report that the Fourth Liberty loan bonds will bear interest at 4 per cent "is wholly without ionndatIop.B The; President not long ago said truly that with, men giving their lives for nothjag, the country would look "with loathing and contempt" upon those demanding a higher rate of Interest on their money. There Is, . however, something strangely powerful about money, well organked. Mr. Wilson is the flrst man, in our' history able to make money stand Its part of tax ation. Secretary McAdoo's letter to the banks announces that be wlTJ need before next November about six billions. And every two weeks he will borrow on Treasury certifi cates seven hundred and fifty mil lions. Every two weeks' the country will spend enough to build the Panama Canal twice and leave over enough to connect Chicago by canal with the gulf. Bo you remember the fuss that was made when three hundred mil lion for the Panama Canal first amaxed,tbe country? The nation can do wonders, when It must -Ja Ubmm. men. school children! fuf ' Vesaea, horses, mules andcarrier food sent to soldlera is to be pro--tected from the gas pdlson by spe cial containers. Jules Verne and Wells, with Mun chausen to help them, could not have Invented this war. Fighting In the air Is one ot its common places. Henry Ford entering -politics In Michigan; ' as welcome among the professional politicians as a hawk entering a chicken yard. The Democrats choose Ford be cause they know that to nominate him means to elect him. Repub lican voters want him and will undoubtedly vote for him. Repub lican professionals do not want him. for It means that their cmi nectly respectable party will be shaken to pieces In the State. Ford has turned upside down the usual routine in business. The good old-fashioned motto was "Pay your employes as LITTLE as possible and charge the pub lic as MUCH as possible." Ford changes it to read "Pay your employes LIBERALLY and sell theproduct to the people for as LITTLE as possible." The new motto has made him a very rich roan, entirely beyond the reach'Of competition. And he declares with perfect sincerity that the cheancrt thin in his fac tory is th highly paid labor it gives him his money's worth. It is hardly necessary to tell you that the old-school politicians, accustomed to profitable gum shoeing for corporations obivt They express their fear that Mr. Ford because he worked for peace while this country was still at peace may not be a good enough American patriot, may even be a "pro-German." The English government an nounces that drunkenness has di minished in Great Britain eighty per cent. Entrland has done ev erything possible to discourage I - tne us? vi aicuiiuiii; bjjjriis. wms- ' key and cin. and has Funrjlied the workman with light beer only a little heavier in alcohol than, the alcoholic prrentnge established by the President here. We have in this country enouch whiskey to last for years. The Eriee is getting hirher constantly, ecent workmen leave the whis key alone and drink the light beer. What win happen if the making and selling of beer is forbidden and the sale of whiskey continues? What should we think in this country f we heard that instead of discouraging the use of whis key and g:n and allowing the use of beer, England had put her workers in war times on in ex clusive whiskey nasis. fosfcidding the use of beer? That course is suggested in Conaress. Fortunately the President Is not easily bullied or coerced. He will probably not allow whiskey to become the exclusive diet in America. AUSTRIANS REACH ON ITALIAN FRONT PRESIDENT B President Carlton Formally Re fuses to Abide By Decision of War Labor Board on Telegra phers' Demands. The Western Onion Telegraph Company has definitely refused to abide by the decision of the War Labor Board in the fight of the tel egraph operators for the right to organize. It was learned here today that President Newconib Carlton of the Western Union, replying to Presi dent Wilson's letter urging the com pany to abide by the decision of the board that it should not discharge men who joined the union; rejected the suggestion. This places tho matter squarely before, the President for decision, but no hmt-ot-whaUtactionjthn", rantenvu, plates was obtainable. ,' Discussed by 'Cabinet. President Carlton's refusal to meet the wishes of the President were discussed by the Cabinet at this after noon's meeting. The 'Western Union maintained that the war work of the nation would Jc Jeopardized if Its operators had the right to organise and call strikes, but the War Labor Board did not share this view, after prolonged hearings by former President Taft and Frank P. Walsh, joint chairmen. It made the counter proposal that Its mia or ganlze a distinct union under tat dl rectlon of the company. The attitude assumed by th West em Union Is directly contrary to that of the Postal Telegraph and Cablr Company, which, through Its prtsl dent. Clarence H. Macka), In response to the same appeal of tlie President pr.Ml tn fh nrlnrfnAl ltM rinwn hi the War Labor Board. The Commei j clal Telegraphers' Union, through ! President S. J. Konenkamp, also har accepted the findings of .the board. I and although a strike order was Is sued. It haa been held In abeyance. The letter In part follows: "Dear Mr. President: "Permit me to thank you for your let- ter of June 11. which I acknoweldged bj wire on Friday. "The foundation upon which rests the procedure of the National War Labor Board Is contained In the following clause of the official paper Issued with your proclamation of the eight of April " 'When the board, after due effort of its own. through sections, local commit (Continued on Page 2. Column 5.) 36 BILLIONS, BRITAIN'S BUI, SAYS BONAR LAW LONDON, June 18. Chancellor Ho-nar-Law.-Introducing a vote of credit for 800,000.000 pounds (f2.SOO.0O0.0O0j In the House of Commons this after noon declared that the government' dally expenditure for the current quarter Is 6.4SO.OOO pounds (134,231. 000). Mr. I-w ysjd that the aum con tained In the new vote brought the total war burden up to 742,000,000 pounds (138.710,000.000). FOR RENT ROOMS 9th ST. N. W.. 1K1 lAixa second story front room, nicely furnished, all conven iences: central location. It per week or tiro. Main ZKI. 1 - The above ad ran 3 days in The Times. Mrs. Johnson said: "The Washington Times rented my room the quickest I have ever known- a paper to do." Phone us your ads to Main 5260. Bill will be sent DEFIEDINW1E CONTROVERSY BY W. U. HEAD President Wilson's Pardon Calls On Young Soldier for Devoted Service Details of the pardoning by President Wilson of Jeff Cook and Forest D. Sebastian, two soldiers sentenced to death by court-martial for sleeping on guard duty, were revealed today when the President's comments on the cases were made public ' "In view of the youth of Private-Sebastian," the text of the President's 'order read, "and the fact that his offense seems to have been wholly free from disloyalty or conscious dis regard of his duty, I. hereby grant him full and unconditional pardon and direct" that he report to his company for further military duty. "The needs of discipline in the army with propriety impose grave penalties upon those who imperil the safety of their fellows and endanger their country's cause by lack of vigilance or by infraction of rules in which 7 ' I WAF SACRIFICES tCoprrfcbt: IMS: r Jea T. MtCejtofrooB.1 tears- 1 1 nsrrtfBi? ffft. vrt & isr'1 vfoA L wut J, ?2lrr?a aFrlwPl fi y&fflffiktfkW 3 11 it&v r Cn EcortwajsJ " EsSSraOlS 42S -if 10Ki Km. i.!7S?SEfci3?&ll. ra Irttl -. i,-, -.. . v. i i I WBmwM. WIISSIW: i t liliMiWl wlrfllfa syrau esj feiVrasrs Jifssj fflami-$m '"" cf '-li 1 Ol J WtS 'tr "V jVSsicr:e&t 1 i tUMJWt&ri UiaiTS 3-, rz- " we must p iEv I m, (yfe f?s QZft7 with one LHgf Jpv ?y .-ra ci WM TcKicrmr ORTW0'5Lv r ' dm&. T' Vffl )iarilMft)inRVis.Miv lliiiSKSsa : Mi mm- ! RUSSIA PREPARES TO RESIST NEW E LOfDON, June 18. Owing to the action of Germany beginning an of fensive against the Russians on part of the eastern front the negotiations for new boundaries have been broken off. according to a dispatch from Mos cow via the Russian wireless. The Germans are reported to -e advancing In the Vetlulik region. Orders have been Issued at Moscow for the mobilisation of the classes rtiglng from 1893 to 1887. GERMAN ADVAN 'life as a, challenge to devoted service for the 4h Liberty Loan At 4Vi Per Cent The Mntrmmt In rrrtnln morn ing newspapers that the bonds of the Fourth Llherty loan will bear Interest at the rate of 4Vi per rent U wholly without foun dation. The Secretary of the Treasury baa no thought of le aning the bonds of the Fourth loan at a higher rale than -4V4 per rent. It will be remembered that the bulk of the Treasury cert lo cale Issued la anticipation of the third loan bore Interest at the rate of 41J per cent. One big Idea to .save whent potatoe. cat safety has been found to rest' I am per suaded, however,' that this young man will take the restored opportunity of his forfeited future, and that-the soldiers of the army of the United States in "France will realize too keenly the high character of the cause for which they are fighting and the confidence which their country reposes in them to permit the possibility pf further danger from .any sim ilar shortcoming.". " . The same finding applied 'in the, case of Cook." NOT GUILTY PLEA E E NEW YORK. Juno 11 Jeremiah O'l-cary. erstwhile fugitive editor of the Bull, pleaded not guilty to charges of treason and violation of the espionage act when arraigned In the Federal dis trict court here this afternoon. Travel-stained and weary from his long trip back from the raclflc coast to face charges for which he will be liable to death If convlted, the Irish agitator was returned to New York today tflber heavy guard. MADE BY 01EARY ONTR ASONCHARG SECOND LINE NEAR ADRIATIC CONGRESSMEN MENTIONED IN WAR GRAFTING SUSPECT CASES Members of lawmaking Body Not Accused of Wrong-Doing. Brokers In "Influence" Ac cused of Profiteering. NEW YORK, June 18 An nar officer ira arrested here today la connection with the nation-wide search for graft la the probe or Government contracts. The arrest, It ma beUered, only foreshadows glatilar selnres la various sections: The names of a number of Con gressmen given as those of men. pos sessing "influence" appear in, cor respondence and other papers seized by the Department of Justice in a nation-wide raid yesterday aimed at war profiteers and contingent fe eontraetinjf agents. "So fir hs om berftarned, there is nothing' to show that "members of Congress actually influenced the Jet ting of any Government contracts, or that they wilfulljr lent themselves to the activities of the men who de clared they could obtain contracts, sometimes through "sinister influ ence." Nevertheless, it seems that the names of some members wem nwH in correspondence that passed be tween contingent fee men, contract brokers, and manufacturers. . Remedy Is Provided. As a further step In Its campaign to break up the contingent fee busi ness In Washington, the Department of Justice sent out to all the execu tive departments today a request that provisions be Incorporated in each contract to the effect that It was not obtained through any third person and that no fee or other sum was to be paid for procurement of thu contract. This notice went out over the sig nature of the Attorney General. It Is understood that the raid and the Government efforts to rid the country of this form of alleged profiteering was discussed at the Cabinet meelinc; this afternoon The whole scandal was gone over by. President Wilson and his Cabinet this afternoon. Attorney General Greg ory, it became known, had written every member ot the Cabinet, request ing Investigation In each department, and all had the data thus gained to lay before the full Cabinet. Drafts Shut-out Clause. A contract clause which the Presi dent suggested to stop grafting Is in part as follows: "The contractor expressly warrants mat ne has employed no third person to solicit or obtain this contract In his behalf, or to cause or to procure the same to be obtained upon com pensation In any way contingent. In vhole or In part, upon such procure ment, and that he has not paid, or promised or agreed to pay, to -ny third person in consideration of such procurement, or any compensation for services in connection therewith, any brokerage, commission or per centage upon the amounts receivable ucrcinunuer. Further Investigation of several thousand Government contracts by of ficials of the Department of Justice today showed that in some Instances aa high as 20 per cent was charged (Continued on rage 3, Column 1.) MAY REDUCE RATES FOR AERIAL POSTAGE Because of the success of the air plane mall service, and the fact that the capacity of the airplanes is not fully utilized, a reduction of airplane postage rates Is under sonslderatlon, the Postofflce Department announced today. In the flrst month's operation of the service, stated the department to day, Ave and two-fifths tons of mall matter was carried, traveling 11.109 miles at an average speed ot seventy miles an hour. The total time In tho air was 157 hours and 50 minutes. llftOAT DESTROYED BY TORPEDO OF U. S. SUB AN' ATLANTIC PORT, June 18. Officers of an American vessel arriving -here today from a Cuban port brought a report of the sinking of a German sob-, marine off the American coast by-jui American submarine. The officers declared that on their voyage here an American submarine came alongside their boat and that the officers on the submarine told them of sinking the German craft last Friday. The- submarine .efficerr, ac cording to the story ielated here, said they were raaalng sab merged when they sighted the German craft through their periscope. The American sub- marine it was declared, immedi ately got its bearings and dis charged a torpedo. A terrific explosion was beard, heard, the officers declared, and the American boat quickly came to the surface. The water was covered with nil. The subma rine officers regarded this as evidence that the German boat was sank. Congressman Clarence F- Lea. of California, who made a plea for the wine interests of his State, and Wayne B. Wheeler, general counsel of the Anti-Saloon Leagu. who ar gued that Congress had power to stop the sale of liquor, were the chief witnesses before the Senate Commit ter on Agriculture In 'the prohibition hearing today. Mr. Wheeler, while setting out to make a legal argument, took occa sion to draw In tht National German American Alliance and assail Its loy alty. He charged It was supported financially by the allied liquor trades and that Congress could with reason strike down the combination ot the alliance and liquor and thus promote the war efficiency of the nation. Washlngtonlan Warns. Levi Cook, of this city, warned the committee that to stop the sales or liquor would bring financial disaster to whiskey Interests, to bonding houses and many banks holding the paper of liquor establishments. Dr. Chsrles Scanlon. general secre tary of the Presbyter-Ian Board of Temperance, spoke for two minutes to tell the committee that tne gen eral assembly of the church In session at Columbus, Ohio, had gone on record unanimously for the complete prom bltlon of all liquors under suitable penalties. "This action rpresents -the result of a study of the subject for thirty years," he said. Tells of ftrape Industry. The grope Industry Is a big one for California, but a small one for this nation," said Congressman Lea before the Senate committee. 'California is doing her war work heroically. Before the other States of this Union should punish us It would be just that the other States should show us they are doing sometning wnicn we arc withholding. It prohibition Is necessary for the conservation of foodstuffs or manhood of this nation. 1st It be brought about, but let It be brought about by methods that are fair." Move Too Sudden. Mr. Lea laid emphasis on the Idea that if prohibition was to be accom plished It should not be brought about so suddenly as to ruin the property Invested In the wine and grape busi ness. Mr. Lea opposed the prohibition ot the wine business and doubted the wisdom of striking down the beer business. He was aaked a number of questions by Senator Norrls. who was anxious to know what he thought of prohibiting the use ot foodstuffs for making beer. In response. Mr. Lea called atten tion to what England had done. He said England has been divided Into eight sections and commissions re ported on the restriction of liquors In these sections. "These commissions," said Mr. Lea. reported that It would be detrimental (Continued on Page 13, Column 3.1 ffiFAKAL GROWERS " FOE CUTS LINE FOR GAIN OF 3MILES Gain s;Mad$ Along nfteen-MJfe fronT Between Zenson and the Sea Hold Right Bank oftnePiave. LONDON, Je'lS. ' The Austrian fekve reac&etl tlie Italian secern! fee to the deptk of three mSea oa the fifteen-mle frost be tween Zenson sad the AaVi- atic, k-yras learned tatrvertr here texkjr. Tfeeinn;i ako haareachr j Piave,. from CoBegEaae to the Zensoa bead, to the depth of three H2ev Near Montello the Asatriaas gass ed two-thick of the high giuuud. ' LONDON, June 18. The Austrlans have thrown fourteen bridges across the Piave river, but sufficient re serves are massed opposite them to check the enemy, according to a se.mi-offic!aI dispatch, frost the Ital ian front today. ' The situation is most encourag ing.' the dispatch said. To date the only enemy success has been on the Piave, where he haa thrown fourteen bridges across. These are being subjected to heavy artillery fire. The reserves here are believed to be sufficient to check the enemy.'" Near the mouth of tne Piave the Italian counter attacks are being car ried out on a scale of the flrst mag nitude, and are attaining excellent results. This was the fourth day ot tho Austro-Hungarlan offensive, which, so far, has proved nothing but a bloody failure. ITALIANS HOLDING ALL FOE ATTACKS ROME, June 18. The Italians con tinue to check the Austrlans at alt points, inflicting bloody defeats oa the enemy at two places on the Piave, a communique Issued by the Italian supreme command at midnight de clared. l "The enemy failed to renew his tafias try attacks In the mountains, and S Montello." the communique said. "South of Montello. betwea Zensoa asS Fossalta (a three-mile front, east of Tre vlso), an Important action developed, bnf the enemy was stopped everywhere. Tnty left a hundred plsoners. Between Maserada and PandehM (southeast of Maserada). attempts tej cross the Piave were bloodily repulsed. "On the lower 'Flare, a counter-offensive action resulted advantageously ts ROME. June 18. Austria's eatlr effective military strength already haa been thrown Into the Italian drive. according to semi-official statement today. Of Austria's total of K divisions) (Continued on Page S, Colnmn 1.) LOST AND FOUND BRKASTPIN-oid-nuhloraid. twisted roM. oa Saturday morning. Liberal reward, rwtura APT. . til Utb it, or can Track, las. 1-tl WCENSB PIATB-Motorerela. No. EC, New York. Plrase return MARTIN A. KAVT- MAM. C3 Hth st. W. W. l- Vf THIS PARTT wbo took tbs sott ease contsJateg a taby's coat and basch of keys off tbe Kth t- car about tare wosks sgo will return tlw keys no eusotiaaa via bo asked Land soluble rsward stvea. US Tabmont Apt, a, cot, isa. o PURSB Black patent leatber. coatahuag about IS and other valnables. Sunday, at Gnat Falls or on car. Pnoas Track. IS. Re ward. 1-9 (Cetlv cMtad sToffsa)