We Told Yon So.
The Possibilities in Ford.
The Growing Fourth of July.
What Would Jefferson Say?
k wa feojfott
Fair tonight and Tbara.
day with riilac tern
peraturei arnfle aoath
rumt wind. Temperature
at 8 a. m. 00 denmeai
averaa-e for last 30 rearm
for July 3. 76 decrees.
llWlP03 1 EDITION
Published every aTn!nr (tnclodtas Sunday).
Enter u second-clan raattar at tte peat.
offlca at Waahlnitce. D. C.
WASHENGl'ON. WEDNESDAY EVENING. JULY 3, 1918. fOosing Wall Street Prices. PRICE TWO CENTS
"" ' " ' ---. , --.. , .. .1. - i a. .1 , a - , , ,
By ARTHUR BRISBANE.
"President as. power to control
all -wire systems. Calls on Con
press for emergency authority oxer
telegraph and telephone lines."
Anybody could have told you. to.
"Candidacy of Ford sweeps all
tefore it," is the news from
Michigan. What other news could
there be? Ford worked for peace
while peace was possible as
President Wilson did.
He has been working with ter
rific energy and efficiency on the
side or war, from the day that
While the profiteer patriots
whose newspapers attack him
have been robbing the country of
hundreds of millions, Ford has
sacrificed his own legitimate busi
ness and worked without profit
for his country.
j If anybody can beat a man with
Ford's record, high pay for labor,
low price to the consumer, every
dollar in his pocket earned and
deserved, ten times over, let some
body name the man.
It is quite likely that when they
name Ford Senator from Michi
gan his fellow citizens will also
write on their ballots the name
of a President of the United
President vetoes, as might be
expected, the bill to increase the
working hours of Government em
ployes. Faithful work while you
are at it, and a reasonable time
lor rest and play, makes a good
London, Paris and Rome will
celebrate the Fourth of July
wen they may. The tree of lib
erty, planted here 142 years ago,
has borne good fruit for Europe.
When Franklin "and Jefferson
were abroad, presenting our side
of the case, making friends, treat
ed1 as interesting curiosities from
unimportant little colonies across
the ocean, little did those ancient
countries think what the land of
jjortly Mr. Franklin and sandy
haired Mr. Jefferson would mean
one day to the whole of Europe.
You remember, perhaps, that
some European scientist declared
tiof nt tvaTiv hit animals lived
on this continent. And Jefferson
pooh-poohed his statement that ,big
animals dia'not live herefisent
over the skeleton of a big bull
Neither. Jefferson nor the
European scientist could have
dreamed the size of the siant des
tined to grow here within one
hundred and fifty years.
And how little could old King
George have imagined, when he
heard the colonies had gone free,
that one day, with the full ap
proval of his successor, another
King George, the bell of St Paul
would be rung to celebrate Ameri
can independence day in the city
There is talk of putting up a
statue of Washington near the
British House of Parliament. Can
you imagine the surprise of our
national father when that news
reaches him in his abode of bliss?
Washington wfll say to Jeffer
son, "Pinch me, please, Mr. Jeffer
son, I think I am alseep," and
Jefferson will say to Franklin,
"Look down, there are things
This country should do some
thing by way of celebrating July
14th, which is the independence
day of the French. On that day
the crowd from the Faubourg tore
down the Bastille, in which were
locked up those that opposed
autocracy. Now French, Italian,
English and Americans are united
to pull down the Prussian Bastille,
last important stronghold of autoc
racy on the earth.
The flour millers, who have been
patriotically robbing the country
according to Government report
must return in flour to the Gov
ernment whatever they have tak
en in the way of profit above
twenty-five per cent Very sad
to be allowed only twenty-five per
cent profit isn't it? Four and a
quarter per cent for the good citi
zen who lends his money to the
Government Twenty-five per cent
for the exploiter who profiteers.
If you have paid too much for
flour, it may comfort you to know
that part of the money is going
back to the Government Some of
the profiteers made forty-five per
cent profit and some more.
Germans, to save cloth, must
have their new coats only half
lined, only four pockets allowed
to the coat three for vests and
trousers; total, seven about six
more than the average German
needs at present Seven more
than he will need if the war goes
AT 5 O'CLOCK
East Capitol Steps to Be Scene
of Final Preparations for
Fourth of July Spectacle.
Polish Flags to Fly.
On the era of Waahlngton'a glgan
tlc Fourth of July pageant, "democ
racy," typewriters are turning out
final orders, needle are flying on the
final stitches of several hundred cos
tumes, telephone and telegraph wires
are transmitting instructions, and of
ficial, diplomatic, and social "Wash
ington Is becoming attuned to the big
Headquarters of the pageant an
nounce that the final dress rehearsal
of the tableau will be on the east Cap
itol steps-this afternoon at 6 o'clock.
The tableau will begin at 8:30
o'clock tomorrow evening, following
the various "actions" In the vicinity
of the Washington Monument, where
ire than a score of nationalities
Visitors To Be Greeted.
The hospitality committee, headed
by William Knowles Cooper, Is pre
paring to receive tonight and tomor-
frow morrilnghearIy 1,000 performers
from New Tork, Baltimore. Chicago.
Philadelphia, and other cities, who
are coming to. Washington to repre
sent their respective nationalities.
Announcement was made today that
a delegation of the, Polish army In
France, and Polish White Cross
nurses, who on Saturday of this week
will sail for France, will add their
contribution to the Independence Day
At 0:30 o'clock tomorrow morning
the officers, under the command of
Major Koxowski, accompanied by of
ficers of the French high commission.
will place wreaths on the statues of
Kosciusko and Pulaski. Brief ad
dresses will be made at both places.
Will Fly Polaad'a Flag.
Major Kozlowskl, who is a member
of the Legion of Honor and who
served many years In French African
campaigns before he was transferred
to the Polish army, will march at the
head of the Polish division In the
(Continued on Page 2, Column 2.)
FORCE OFFICERS 10
GIVE OREAD RATION
GENEVA, July 3. Several regi
ments of Austro-Hungarian soldiers
quartered In Prague and Gratz muti
nied when their bread ration was
eliminated, according to the Prague
Tageblatt. The mutineers announced
they had enough cartridges to shoot
their officers, whereupon the bread
ration was re-established and revolt
The spirit of mutiny, due to the food
shortage, is spreading throughout the
country, even affecting the troops on
the Italian front, the newspaper said.
HELP WANTED MALE
OFFICE BOY, white, about
12 years old. Apply 835
This ad ran 3 days in
The Times, the advertiser
"I never knew there
were so many boys in
Washington until f ad
vertised in The Times,
we had so very many
The Southern Realty
Corp., 835 Southern
Phone us your ads.
My Wife Said She
Wished She Was Dead
So I Killed Her
The Extraordinary Story Told
610 F Street Northeast, Who Beat
"My wife came home from work- between 4 and 5
o'clock Sunday afternoon and went 'to bed. I went out for
abont an hour between 5 afcd
but I did not get it
".When I came back, X
the piano until about 9 o'clock. Then I went upstairs and
went into the bedroom. About ten minutes later I asked
my wife if she would eat
when I asked her the first
she said: 'I guess so.'
"I called her little sister
75 cents. Get 75 cents' worth of ice cream.' I told her to
get it in two boxes. I sent one box to her mother and step
father. Asked If She Loved Elm.
"While we were eating the ice cream, my wife looked
around and gave me a sarcastic look.
"I said: 'Zou love me, don't youT'
"She hunched her shoulders and did not say any more.
After we got through eating the ice cream, we got in bed
and started to growl about this fellow Nolan. The children
were keeping up some noise in the second room from where
we were, and my wife yelled at them.
"We were growling all the time after 12 o'clock. I
omrl. 'Vnn txttTi Tin enrru fnr
UU.UI WM 1. A W WV.AJ AWA
"My wife answered: 'All
die as live
"I said: 'All right sister,
"I went downstairs, wearing my underclothes and house
slippers. I went down into the cellar and got a piece of
lead pipe. I did not want to use a razor. I had two razors
on my writing desk, but I did not want to use them."
"When you hit your wife on the head, Cockrell, what
"She rose up in bed and said: 'Oh, you dog,' and I hit
her again. I tried to hit her in the same place that I hit
on the first time. The second blow knocked her onL Sho
just groaned and fell back on the pillow and breathed for
about twenty minutes afterward. I only hit her twice and
then I sat looking at her until she was dead. I watched her
The complete statement
made by Philip Shirley Cock
rell, confessed murderer of
his pretty young wife, Pearl
Hortense Cockrell, as record
ed before Inspector Clifford
L. Grant, chief of detectives,
with the questions and an
Q. What is your name?
A. Philip Shirley Cockrell.
Q. How old are you? ,
BODY OF WOMAN
IN TIDAL BASIN
The body of an. unidentified woman
was found by the police in the Tidal
Basin shortly after 1 o'clock this af
ternoon. It bore no identification marks.
The body had apparently been In the
water several days, but was not dis
figured. The woman was about thirty
eight years old, had black hair streak
od with gray, and wu fire feet and
six inches in height.
She wore a gray coat suit, with a
tlut striped shirt waist and low tan
shoes. A breastpin, studded with three
pearls, bore the initial "X." A pair of
gloves was found In a coat pocket,
but there were no papers or other
articles of identification.
A black straw hat which the woman
wore bore the name of a Charlotts-
Viile, Va, dealer.
The body was found by Park Po
licemen R. A. Payne and C J. Osborne.
It was taken to the District Morgue.
FOUND BY POLIC
GAIN ON BIG FRONT
By Philip Shirley Cockrell, of
His Wife to Death Sunday Night.
6 o'clock to get some whiskey,
stayed downstairs and -played
some ice cream. She grunted
time. I asked her again, and
in and said: 'Hilda, here is,
friia enma nF frtacn Aotto '
MA.AU UVUiVf J. I.UI..? UUT0.
right; I would just as soon
if that is the way you feel
to Use Eazor.
A. Thirty-two next birth
day, December 22.
Q. Are you married.
A. Six years.
Q. Before here, in what city
did you live?
A. Warrenton, Va.
Q. What is your father's
A. Ruben Franklin Cockrell.
Q- Where were you mar
(Continued on Page 3. Column 3.)
Senator Myers of Montana will
press for adoption a resolution which
he has Introduced calling for a na
Senator Myers would have the en
tire country pause one minute each
day to pray for the success of the
allies in war. The Angelus, as ob
served In the District, has commend
ed Itself to many In Congress.
Although Senator Thomas of Colo
rado prevented the consideration of
the resolution when it was Dreaentrd.
Senator Myers expects to get it con
sidered soon and passed.
"Lt us pray as we work, and work
whether we pray or not," said Sena
Senator Phelan approved the Idea.
Tropic Need Ttemlndlng.
Washington people have to be "re
minded" the same as anybody else In
No, the old "string on the little
(Continued on Page 4, Column 2.)
RS WILL URG
ON SENATE FLOOR
T. N: T. PLANT
Scores Injured by Blast Which
Does $750,000 Property
Damage In- and Near Syra
cuse, N. Y.
STRACUSE, N. T, July 3. Sixty
two dead are at the morgue; some
are believed to be still In the ruins;
more than sixty are injured, of whom
ten or fifteen are so seriously hurt
that their recovery la regarded as
doubtful, and the property loss Is es
timated at 1760,000 as the result of
the fire and explosion in the T. N. T.
plants at Split Rock last night.
Firemen and scores of workers
were close to the scene when the
blast came. The bodies of one group
of fir fighters were hurled high la
Survivor Tell Story.
According to one workman taken to
a local hospital, who was employed
in what 'Is known as the pulverising
plant, the fire started In a pulveriser.
There the TNT, which Is soluble in
water. Is washed In vats heated to a
temperature or 138 degrees ana men
poured into fats clofre by, kepi ittb.e
same-temperature' for sw jihojx-tlraa
when tb crystallslng process take
The heavy crystals then are fed
through the pulverlilng machine
which reduces them to a powder much
the same consistency as confectioners
Until this process has been com
pleted, the danger is very slight, and
the men in that building were not
worried about the Are.
The extre me beat of the blaze
caused by a spark from an overheated
gear box must have reduced the par
tially completed T. N. T. to an ex
Fifteen Buildings Wrecked.
Within a mile or more of 8pllt Keck
scores rushed from their homes to
get out of the danger zone. It was
feared that the northern section of
the plant, known as "Canada," would
be Ignited, if "Dry Canada," contain
ing the big storage plant, had been
Ignited the entire city would have
At least fifteen buildings of the
great establishment were wiped out
A Ore preceded the explosion by
forty-five minutes. Had the. ex
plosion came without the warning of
the fire the dead might have num
The blast at 9:10 shook the city. It
broke windows in some sections near
er Split Rock, shattered windows at
the county home and hospital and
sent Inmates Into a panic. Calls
were sent to this city for every avail
able ambulance, and doctors and
nurses, all of which were quickly on
The entire night was a period of
terror for many after the big explo
sion. A general exodus followed from
the vicinity of the blast. Besides
the fleeing workmen, many families
hastened away from the vicinity, some
pushing wheelbarrows containing
their children and few hastily gath
ered household goods. In the zone
nearest the plant women were thrown
Into hysterics and ran aimlessly about
U. S. TO INVESTIGATE
A thorough Investigation of the
TNT explosion at the Semet-Solvay
plant at Spilt Rock. N. Y In which
forty-live lives are known to have
been lost, will be conducted by the
Department of Justice, It was an
nounced this afternoon.
TO BE RUN UNDER
The Pullman company will be oper
ated under Federal control, the Rail
road Administration announced today.
Seeks Her Husband's Job
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MES. ANNA B. LEWIS.
Mrs- Anna B. Lewis, wife of SheriffNeDj .Lewis, of Korwich,
Mri, Lewis is a native of the town and thirty-five years of ajre.
She Is a graduate of the Bellevne Training School for Norses and
practiced bcr profession before becoming 'matron on the county Jail,
when her husband became sheriff.
IN DEATH OF SEN.
Senator Benjamin Ryan Tillman,
for twenty-four years member of the
upper house from South Carolina, and
one of the most picturesque and in
teresting characters of this genera
tion In CongTess, died at his apart
ments here at 4:20 this morning.
Bis death followed a stroke of
paralysis which attacked him Thurs
day of last week. He was uncon
scious for two days prior to death.
All the members of the Senator's
family were at the bedside when the
end came. Death had been expected
since the attack Thursday.
Senator Tillman was chairman of
the Naval Affairs Committee ana a
veteran of the Senate. He was one of
the best known figures In American
There were many deep expressions
of regret In official circles over the
passing on of Senator Tillman
Despite the fact that he has not
been in good health for several years
he has worked hard, and has seldom
been away from te Senate Chamber.
It was due to his insistence that the
navy was increased previous to the
entrance of the United States Into
the war, and he has been Secretary
Daniels' spokesman on the floor.
His death was expected to bold up
the Senate work until after the fu
neral Arrangements for the funeral
had not been completed early today.
The Senate will adjourn today as a
mark of honor and respect.
President Wilson expressed deep
regret over the death of the Senator
and sent personal condolences to the
Senator Tillman was born in Edge-
LOST AND FOUND
KNVELOPB Mnlla. containing; war mrtnn
iiuih. XJbrtr bond, othsr IraDorunt na
prr. rtward. FRANCES WBISBAUM. Camp
POCKETBOOK At Qltn Echo, brown !th-
r. containinr aooui no. cickcu. jun s;
Fnud. U1S3 LOTTIE LUSBY. can Wood
ward Lotbrep, cashier's dept. 1-4
PUltHE-SIlwr mh pur eonuiatnr about
130 ana cnteK tor ;w. iuwuu u rviurnra
to 1701 ET t. W. W. H
POCKETBOOK By worktnr irirt. money and
key. about July 1. near 17th ard Euclid
Bu IUturn 1CT Kenyon Bt- Col. 7M1. 1-5
(Cenllausd on Clati& Pagt.)
that if the
field county, S. C. August 11. 1847.
His father was a fairly prosperous
farmer and owned a plantation. His
elder brothers were In the Confeder
ate army, and Benjamin was to fol
low their example as sdon as he had
reached his sixteenth year. In his
eagerness to acquire as much learning
as possible during the year preceding
his entry Into the army young (Till
man studied at night by the light of
a burning pine knot. The heat of the
flame Injured one of his eyes, and a
serious trouble developed, which kept
(Continued on Page 13, Column X)
PRICE OF WHEAT
After another futile effort to ad
Just their differences over the pro
vision fixing the price of wheat.
Senate and House conferees today de
cided to report another disagreement
on the agricultural appropriation bill.
When the conference report was
made to the Senate, Senator Gore
moved that the Senate Insist upon Its
amendment, fixing the wheat price for
the current year at a minimum of
12.50 for No. 2 standard.
The Senate, which went on record
Monday as favoring this minimum by
a vote of 45 to 19, again voted to In
sist on this price.
700 WORK WITHOUT PAY
TO CELEBRATE FOURTH
BRIDGEPORT. July 3. More than
00 employes of the Lake Torpedo
Boat Company will celebrate the
Fourth of July by working three
hours for the Government without
,iay, It was announced today,
rnelr remarkable method of celebra
tion Is the plan of the workers them
The plant will be open from 7 to 10
CONFEREES FA L
AT VADX IS
Allies Give Germans No kmc I
Over Greater Part of Battlt
Line; Italians Continue Vmt
I0XD0X, Jnlj-S Tne Italians
haye undertaken a new offeaslr
effort on, the loner Flare, It iraa
learned 'from an anfatiritatlre
Bertreen the old and new
Hare, they advanced .from 2W
to 300 rani on aa ettat-mHe
front, U was stated.
Following mi tfcn firtTTTtmr nn
Jfc n j- - .in t i m
of tie JS&ericana on the Harne front
the French delivered a blow-against
the German lines betwwn thn nu
and Aisne rivtw, penetrating t&a
German trenches to a depth of ahef
800 yards over a wide front,
The allies an e-irinir-tlui RmBor
no rest over the greater part of titt
Daje. une, drrrtag' home streag
minor tnrnsta affiTraJdinz adraaeesl
actmtennt&Bes, .bat so aeensi
timed, have the armies become se
shelling: that; unless the. cannonade
are of especial Intensity, they ara '
not mentioned, in the war office tch
portt any more.
Counter Attack Falls.
The Importance which the Germans
attached fo the ground west or Cha
teau Thierry, which the Americana
took by storm, on Monday night, la
attested by the quickness with which,
they organized a counter attack:
This counter assault was launched
against Vauxv but the Americana
grimly held on and refused to yield
an inch of ground.
The Americana have proved that,
the allied high command mad Jta
..Vn. whan If hli.l .(.a TTf.t Bmtm
troops at the vital point defandlas?
the Paris highway on the itarna
front The Americans met the Ger
mans' best troopsi and defeated them.
The Germans lunged sharply
against the British front In northern
France last night and succeeded la
gaining some ground.
The. Italians continue their formid
able attacks against the Austrc-'
Hungarians and almost every aa
sault results In an Italian gain.
WITH THE AMERICANS OK THB
MAItNE, July 2 (Evening). The
Americans utterly demolished an at
tempted counter-attack, on their new
positions west of Chateau-Thierry, tak
ing ninety-seven additional prisoners.
Our artillery laid down a terrtfla
barrage that entirely cut off the at
tacking force, while the Americas
machine gun and rifle fir annihilate
A number of light machine guns.
were captured In this new flghtlngi
raising the total taken, since last
night to more than sixty. A final
checking up of the Boche prisoners
taken in last night's and today's op
erations Is expected to show mora
than 000. Last night's advance pro
gressed farther at some points than
was first reported. It Is now eatab-.
lished that the maximum penetratloa
was about a kilometer and a half, or
nearly a mile.
U. S. Flyers Victorious.
While the German counter attack
was under way this morning ela&r
American flyers successfully engsgedi
nine Bodies directly above the scene
of last night's battle. The fight last
ed thirty-five minutes.
Two Germans, from a height of 13.-
000 feet, dove through an American,
patrol, hoping to draw the latter
down Into an ambuscade. The Amer
icans saw the trap and attacked In
battle formation at 0,000 feet. A free
for all resulted In which four Boche
planes were senf spinning. The
French later reported these were de
stroyed. PAIUS, July 3. Another 'German.
counter attack on the newly won
American positions at Vaux. west of
Chateau-Thierry, failed yesterday,
the French war office announced to
In local operations between IUbe-
court and Solssons, the French ad
vanced nearly half a mile on a two
mile front, taking 220 prisoners.
Take Fse Foxltloiuu
"Between the Olse and the Alsaa
local operation north of Moullc-Sons-Tiuvcnt
enrbied the French to cajesra
German positions on a front of thres
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