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Today Hr. Bnrleson Beware. Stady Xenophon And Themistocles And Poor Socrates. WEATHER: Pmlr tonlehti StmdaT. t air ami svmewhat mm. ex. Temperature at 8 a. n,eO deem. Jforraal tanprratnre on July 13 for the laat thirty years. 77 decree. PublUned rerr trenlnr (roelndlns- 8oncar). Entered u accond-cUu matter at Um poet- ofne at Wuhtncton. P. C. WASHINGTON, SATURDAY EVENING, JULY 13, 1918. fOosag Wall Street Prices. PRICE TWO CENTS. NUMBER 10,588. an w FINAL EdltlON I , i ; v. ,i t . say ff ) By ABTHDB BBISBA5E. Congress will go home soon for rest. Republicans Improve the re maining hours, OBJECTING. Senate and the Lower House do not oppose or attack the Presi dent, realizing that it wouldn't suit the people. But each Republi can, soon to vote for Government control of telegraphs and tele phones which will mean Govern ment ownership prints his little objection In the Congressional Rec ord. Imagine a moving picture hero, bridegroom of Mary Pickford car ried away struggling 00 arms of Theda Bara, He turns to Mary and says: 1 can't help myself. I wouldn't be going in this direction If I had my way about it" So the eminent Republican Sen ators, married body and soul to little Mary Pickford Trust and borne away by the rough hands of Theda Bara Government owner ship, turn their .heads toward Mary Trust to assure that If they had their way they would not go away with the Government owner ship vUlalness. They will vote for Government control when they all finish objecting. Man for centuries has been climbing up a long winding spiral from selfish, unlimited individual ism, to this beginning of govern ment ownership. You see the Government today controlling those powerful slaves of civilization, the railroad steam engines. Go Tack twenty-three centuries, and find the wise Xenophon, pro posing government ownership of human slaves that were the work ing machine of his day. The interesting story is told on rage 42 of the fifth volume of The Voyage of Young Anacharsis in Greece, about the middle of the fourth century before the Vulgar era. We translate a few lines from an edition printed in Paris in 1810. Ancient Greece was rich in silver mines, worked by private Individuals who paid to the state a small amount for the franchise or right to operate. Formerly wealth from the mines was distributed among the people. Themistocles persuaded the Gen eral Assembly to use the proceeds from the mines to build the fleet This upheld the Greek navy during the Peloponneslan war. Then pri vate Individuals began to get. rich cy we exptouauou or in jniaeav, I icy oi sewn? coniroi m mi """ MdaMeatol a theaaandareaWre at the flcVoMb. rent (for. the slaves) one thousand obblesper'tiay. Hlpponlcus at the same time had In the mines six hundred slaves that brought him In six hundred oboles. Xenophon proposed that the government (in stead of private individuals) should own the trade In slaves destined for the mines. One Investment would buy twelve hundred of these slaves, and the number was to be gradually increased to ten thou sand. This would have brought the government an annual revenue of one hundred talents. This (gov ernment ownership proposition) aroused the enmity of the private contractors and nothing came of It Wise men those old Greeks feat the world was not ready for them.' It is not even ready for Hr. Burleson of oar day, who urges that the Government own the wires carrying messages, as Xenopnon urged that the govern ment should own the slaves which were the machinery diggers and message carriers of his day. Mr. Burleson, whom the Repub licans now attack with all the vic ioosness that they dare not pour cut on the President, should re member what happened to ancient Greek gentlemen who tried to help the people. Xenopnon was exiled from Greece. And his great teacher. Socrates, of whom you may read many interesting anecdotes in the "Young Anacharsis" volumes, tried to help the people of his day and was condemned to death for his pains. Themistocles, who persuaded the people to use the revenue from the mines to build a fleet, instead of squandering it, is an other warning to Mr. Burleson. ' He interpreted for the people's benefit the words of the oracle. When a man offered to teach him the art of remembering, he answered, "Teach me rather the art of forgetting," which was wise. When two men, one rich, one poor, courted his daughter, he would rather she should have a man without money than money without a man." That was wise also. But, Mr. Burleson, Themistocles wisdom didn't save him. The Athenians banished him, handing him the disagreeable oys ter shell, as they had done to Aristides, his great rival. Then they accused him of treason, and he had to seek refuge at the court of the Persian king against whose power he had defended Athens. Finally when the Persian king ordered him to fight against his own country, Themistocles killed himself. We 'don't suppose these valu able historical warnings will do .Mr. Burleson any good. When it comes to government owneranip, THREE U. S. ARMY CORPS VON HEMG PEACE DBMS FUTILE, INSIST U. S. OFFICIALS American Authorities Emphati cally Declare German Chan cellois Efforts at Ending War Are in Vain. Br CAUL D. GROAT, rnited Freaa Staff Correspondent. German Chancellor Hertllng's peace balloon U useless at this time. Ameri can authorities declared emphatically today." Whether or no he Is serious In try Ins to draw a peace offer from the United States and the entente, his ef forts are vain. The authorities de clared that never were the nations fighting- Teuton autocracy firmer In their unify and in their determina tion to press on to victory. Some did see -the possibility that the Austrian and German Internal situations may be growing worse, having an Influence, upon Hertllngs remarks. But in that case, it was argued there is all the more reason now to press on to victory. The general feeling is that Ger many was merely making another of her peace suggestions, at the same time attempting to cast the burden of responsibility for continuance of the war upon President Wilson and the entente. References to Russia were evident ly intended as a sop to that nation. In line with the known German pol icy of getting control jn, that conn- XTPrjaven u, in-.the West It was recalled that Germany more than once has preceded a military ef fort by a peace offensive. There is little doubt in official minds that from now on, Germany will Increase her peace propaganda efforts, realizing that as American aid grows the tide will turn against her. To the extent that she desires to strike a bargain while yet she may Germany is regarded aa sincere in suggesting that the entente make peace efforts. But no authorities see any other than selfish motives In any peace propaganda atep to date. "NO COMPROMISE," IS LONDON PAPER'S REPLY TO HERTUNG APPEAL LONDON, July 13. London newspa pers agreed today that the principal point in Chancellor Hertllng's ad dress in the Reichstag Thursday was his hope of an allied peace offer. They pointed out that this is impossible, (Continued on Page 2, Column 3.) PLANT COLLAPSES MONTREAL. July 13. Two men were killed today and it Is believed several others were burled alive when part of the munitions factory belong ing to Lymburner Bros, collapsed. The factory was used for making shells, and It is thought the weight of these stored In the building caused the third floor to cave In, and the falling material followed the two lower floors into the basement. The firemen made every effort to reach those burled beneath the debris, but there was little hope of saving them. TODAY and the right of the people to own their own railroads and tele graphs, he is a stiff-necked and obstinate person. When this writer saw him yes terday, he showed no signs of contrition, didnt expect to be os tracized or banished or condemn ed to drink hemlock because he had dared to uphold the public's right to control national monop olies. On the contrary, he acted with strange gayety, pounding the palm of his left hand with his right fist and saying, as though he had been addresing the whole of Texas, "The Republicans havent got an issue not one, not a single issue. What have they got!" WORKMEN BUR ED WHEN HI Sends Tropnies To President ssssssssssssiWi!lo'lBBSSSSSSSslB ssssssssssP ii' SBttb&ilsssssssE asawrySglalssssaWI ISSSsB J ifflHHsBBBBal ssssV -lsssssslsssB bbbK V OHbbbbbbbbbB BBBBBBBBbW Q 7aBB9ieBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB IbbV , Si,BBaBBBBBBBl LHK?Wk ""' TMBbbbbI laaalBat aaVBaBBBBBBBB9BBBBBBBB"J BBBBBV Wso5L "BBK$&!BSBBBBBBBBBBb1 bbbbK- MKS33bbsbsssssssssssI BBBBBBbU. T. ISHiiBBBBBBBBBBBBl BBBBBBSBBBBBBlf'Ja JBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB1 CAPT. PAUL BROWN, Former police guard for President Wilson, who captured German flyer. Tve sent President Wilson the cap and shoulder straps of a Boche aviator, captured by the old, handcuff method In a wheatfleld near Paris," Capt. Phil Browxf, formerly of the Washington police .force, and guard for Presidents Wilson, wrote Mrsl I -n,i..j fJt7rynM .. ifgg JlrhSwaS&S! Franee. Captain Brown aided President Wil son In getting past crowds In theaters and other places when on the Wash ington police force. That the former policeman is using against .the Boche the excellent quali ties that distinguished him here, is substantiated by modest letters to Mrs. Brown and by a War Depart ment dispatch last night. Received Recognition. Brown, who is now a captain in the quartermaster corps of the na tional army, received recognition of his exploit with the German flyer in the Stars and Stripes, the American expeditionary official news organ. But Brown's letter to his wife tells the story in his own words. It reads: "On June 7, a German air squadron bombed Paris. Along with French officers, I was on the outskirts of the city. Two German airplanes were discovered. They were soaring high above the clouds directly over the French lines. The anti-aircraft guns immediately opened fire, and two French planes ascended to pursue Fritz's machine. Soon lilt Or Shell. "One of the German planes was soon hit by a shell from a French plane, and it came shooting from the sky toward the earth like a star In the night, completely enveloped In flames. When It got wlthli a few hundred feet of the ground, the burn ing ceased and the aviator regained control of the engine. He glided the machine safely to a wheat field. "The French officers and I drove to the field in an automobile. "I approached the Hun first. lie was very nervous and excited. Cover ing him with my revolver, I snapped a pair of handcuffs over bis wrists, no unusual stunt for me. When I saw the bright helmet and aviation shoulder straps, I immediately thought Presi dent Wilson would like them .or souvenirs, so the next day I made a special trip to Paris and sent them to him through Major Pullman." ROMS, July 13. A military bulletin decrees the retirement with loss of rank and pay of Generals Cadorna, Parro, and Capello. General Diaz, commander-in-chief of the Italian armies, has been decor ated with the Grand Cordon of the Military Order of Savoy. General Cadorna was commander-in-chief of the Italian armies last year when the Austro-German drive forced them back to the Plave river, following the Caporetto disaster. URGED TO REGISTER. LONDON, July 13. The London morning papers today printed a no tice from the American consul general requesting all Americana of military age in Great Britain to rrclitr.r. 1 PRESIDENT'S POLICE GUARD HANDCUFFS ERIN AVIATOR TALY DISMISSES AD0NAAND2 OTHER GENERALS MAKE Smashing Advance Follows Close on Success in Picardy, Where Cartel and Other Strongholds Are Taken. PARIS. July 1& Making another rapler-Uke thrust the ' French ad' vanced more than a quarter of i mile near Porta farm, between Mont- dldler and the Olse, the war office announced today. Prisoners were taken In raids north of the Avre between the Olse and the Marne and In the Champagne region. "Between Montdldler and the OLse French forces progressed S0O meters in the region of Porte farm, eleven miles northwest of Complegna and eighteen miles southwest of Montr dldler." the communique said. "North of the Avre between the Olse and the Marne and in the Cham pagne we took prisoners In raids. "On the Picardy front the French advanced a mile and a quarter on a front of more than three miles yes terday morning, capturing the village of Castel and several strong enemy positions. -The- advance yrtM mace Between Castel and Mallly-Ralneval .and. cava tbe.Fxsnch-TJoxseeslon -or the "heights dominating-the Avre river. JV ' The French attack on the Picardy front was made three miles north of Alnval, which la reported to be the northern extremity of the American Cantlgny sector. SUCCESSFUL RAIDS ON BRITISH FRONT LONDON. July 13-Suecessful raid ing operations by the British on both the Flanders and Picardy fronts were reported by the war office today. English and Australian troops took part. In the sector of Vleux-Boquln and Merrls. nlnety-slx prisoners were taken. Twenty-two more were cap tured In the Hamel sector. FRENCH ADVANCE GAINS MOMENTUM LONDON. July 13. French forces In Albania are now driving northward with apparently the same speed that characterized the Italian advance In the first dys of the offensive. Latest reports from the battle front Indicate that the Italians have slack ened their progress to permit the French on their right to bring their lines forward and maintain a prac tically straight front from Lake Ok bldra to the Adriatic The Italians, except on their right flank, were aided in their advance by the comparatively level terrain bor derln gtbe sea, while the French have (Continued on Page 2, Column L) 5 DEAD, 20 TO 50 HURIAS WESTERN SAN FRANCISCO, July J3. Fl ve are known to be dead and from twenty to fifty are reported Injured as a result of a San Matto Interurban car Jumping the track on a sharp curve near San Brunn early today. Every emergency ambulance from here was sent to the scene, and ambulance physicians stated several of the In jured would not survive. LOST AND FOUND COLD WIUST WATCH-IUturn lo 1CI Oil Utln it. N. W. or phon. n, rtward. M FOCKETBOOK Black leather; two 110 bins and chance, thtrmomtttr In fountain pan. ear Ueluu. two raealpu. luturn to ISO D . 8. K. tot. BEA&LET. liberal reward. . Ml sononmr pin with or lettm "e. r. P." Initials K. B. on back. Flndtr call U 1U0, Branch Ixt, between ( a. m. and i JO p. m. Howard. u m AOcallemad m ClattVUd PageeJ u ANOTHER 1; BLOW STRUCK QUARREL fllH ON OK FRONT GAR JUIVIPS TRACK Von Hindenburg's Death Is Again Reported U LED 1 LONDON. July 13-FIeld Marshal Von HIndenburg. chief of staff of the German enemy, is dead, according to a Reuter dispatch from Amsterdam today, giving the Dutch newspaper Lea Nowelles aa authority for the statement. According to the Amsterdam dis patch HIndenburg died suddenly, as the result of a stroke, following a story Interview on May IS with the Kaiser regarding the offensive on the western front. The Interview took place at Spa. OFFICIAL SLOW TO CREDIT RUMOR 'On the heels of reports emanating from Germany yesterday that Gen eral Von HIndenburg was 111. the re port was circulated In cotton brokers offices here to day that he was dead. Owing to the fact that his death has been repeatedly reported in re cent weeks, officials here were in clined to ba 'skeptical at the latest report. In recent weeks, however, more and more has been heard of General Ludendorft- and Jess of Hlndenburr. PerslstentrepQrU of his death have rm,rsX.Tnttnrila'-,duTliig the'Tfreat drive on' ta wcat" eat t F The following nominations were sent to the Senate today: To be major generals in the line of the army Maj. Gen. William Crozler and Maj. Gen. Henry C Sbarpe. To be quartermaster general with rank of major general for period of four years Brig. Gen. Harry L. Rogers. To be chief of ordnance with rank of major general for period of four years Brig. Gen. Clarence) C. Wil liams. U. S. LENDS $8,343,000 TO FARMERS IN JUNE The Federal Farm Loan Board loan ed $3,313,000 to the farmers of the United States during June. It was an nounced today. This will make the loans of the farm loan board to date total 1109,517,000. The largest sum placed In any dis trict went through the Spokane bank, where farmers borrowed $1,262,000. FRENCH FLAG TO RY BY PRESIDENT'S ORDER By executiveorder of the Presi dent, the French flag will fly tomor row. Bastille day, from every Govern ment building. An additional flag pole will be erected at the White House, whrre the Trl-Color and the Stars and Stripes will float together. FOR SALE AUTOMOBILES i . FORD TOURING: thne new tins: One condition: Jnrt OTerhauled; ISS; call after 130 p. m- fS Fensirlrula An. 8. E. 21 Mr. Bortman sold his car after the above ad. had been in The Times only two times. The Times is recognized as the. best medium to sell used cars. If you have a car for sale Phone Main 5260 Ask for the Used Car Boreas SIROKE EN CROZERAND SHARPE NOM NATED OR L NE OFFICES .aBBBBBBBBBBB-.' 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(fBBB TBBBBataK ' ''PwsbbbbbbtK' WT3r' '-'-- 1 "ToToTOTSBBr ' SaTSBBBfcVLBTt &?' "1V f LbbbBbbk r Hk - - -- m l bbbbbbbbbbbK'- fc " " ) VSw tV bbbbbbbbbbbbET' Bk ,'r .. j-j;3BPB2iS' Vbbbbbbbbbbk' Kt ' I i &oaBBaBBBBaw XHsBBBBBBBBfe. BBBBfeP " jJfi UlS't "CBPt xbbbbbbbbbbbbkbbbBhL .csT'mTl K'yTc v- ' y vIIbbbbbIIvHbMI ClaBa xtBtidV ?' 'cnansAiirVONnjiaJBUBtx;-. Whose delta, la'agaJn reported.- TY COBB ML QUIT AT SEASON'S END TO ENLIST This season Is Ty Cobb's last in baseball until the war h over. He intends to set into the thickest of the fray. "Every time I loot at the American casualty lists I feel mean," said the scrappy Geor gian to a Times' reporter at the White House, and his eyes moistened perceptibly. "I am in a deferred class of the draft because I have a wife and three children, but I feel that I must give tip base ball at the close of the season and do my duty to my coun try in the best way possible. "Baseball is good for 'the entertainment and morale of the people, and I love the game, but the close of the coming season will see me out of it until the war is over." E By JOSEPH S1IAPLEX. TTnltrd Press Staff Correspondent. STOCKHOLM, July II. M- Alexan drovltch. one of the assassins of Ger man Ambassador Mlrbach. has been executed, according to dispatches re ceived today from Sfoscow. The other assassin, M. Bloomkln, has not been captured. It Is reported that Germany will also demand the execution of M. Kim koff and JIme. Splrldonova. two of the social revolutionaries arrested In the Moscow revolt which followed Mir bach's death. Passengers arriving here on a boat from Petrotrad brought news of riots In that city. They said that several hundred soldiers and workmen, led by Letters, left the Parshsky arsenal and fought the Red Guards for hours. They were subdued only after an ar tillery bombardment of the arsenal. Cholera Is reported to be sweeping Petrograd. ONE OF ASSASSINS OF GERMAN NVOY EXECUTED BY RUSS AT FRONT E SENATOR LEWIS TO IE Rearing that Senator J. Ham Lewis of Illinois might decline ta run for re-election this fall, President Wilson tcday wrote the Senator a letter urg lnr tm to change his dectslrn. The President's letter follows; "My Dear Senator: T have heard with concern that yon thought of not accepting a renomlna Uon for the Senate and undertaking a campaign. -I hope sincerely that, if that has been your inclination, you will recon sider your judgment In the matter and undertake the race. "We are counting upon yoa to put your usual spirit and energy Into a campaign which. I am sure, will assist to make the Issues clear In Illinois." HOOVER COMPLETES WORLD FOOD REPORT Food Administrator Hoover has completed an important International survey of food conditions. President Wilson has approved the report, and it will be made public tonight. As recently stated by food officials, the allied food situation today Is bet ter than at any time since the out break of the war. Just where saving must be effected for future safety has been carefully analyzed, and will be shown In the report. FIRST OF AUGUST DRAFT CALLS ISSUED Provost Marshal General Crowder today Issued the nrst of the August draft calls summoning 12J43 men for special technical education, to start for schools between August 1 and 23. Of the men called, 11.8S9 are white and 154 negroes It Is contemplated to call approxi mately 300,000 men during August. BRITISH CASUALTIES TOTAL 14,817 IN WEEK LONDON. July IS. British casual ties published in official lists during the week totaled 14.ST4. They are divided aa follows: Kill). Wourhld. lOrarag. TottL Officers .. 125 39 42 496 Men 1.034 10.012 1.633 1078 Totals... 26 1X241 1,874 14 PRESID IE ENTER RAC AGAIN I) $. TROOPS POUR OVER 5EAS, SAYS Chief of Staff Tells of Organiza tion of Nearly Million Ameri can Soldiers Abroad, Givrtif Their Commanders. Three American army corps, t from 225,000 to: 250300 fat ead have been organized laFrance, Chief of Staff March revealed today. March also revealed that .ahlpmeak of troops is proceeding withoofclet np, the same as in previous mosths. His review of tie weekly activiti pointed oat that there has tern practically unvaried success for tlw allie daras. The only strDdh? ad vance for the week was on the Mace donian front, TnsVrng twenty-tw mites in reaching Berat. Questioned as to ,tha reasons far' the delay of the German offeashrs, March declared ha had no bffiftal cablegram aligning reasoaa to ae count for it There- was s taggm tion that continued heavy ahjpwewtsi of American troop wffl male the de lay initio Testa cffsaejre mat costly .. t3tawC9.fCiy - TheIr composition f ogawsT ' " First corps is composed at two raff alar divisions- and four national ( divisions, as follows: First division regulars, uimttjm General Bollard- Second division regulars, lectin! rue marines, under Major General Bsssgpv Twenty-elxth (ew England) dtvis Ion, the first division seat to Itasca, many of whose members saw Xexlca border service, under Hsjor Oeseral Edward. Forty-second, the Rainbow dlvisloa; -from manyy States, Uajor General Uenoher. commanding. Forty-Orst (Sunset) division, frost Pacific Coast States, trained at CasJ Greene, and which was originally der UaJ. Gen. Hunter Liggett, now temporay corps commander. Thirty-second (Michigan and Wis consin) trained at Camp McArther. Major General Haan commanding. Secaad Cms. The Second Corps, consisting of two national army, one regular, and three national guard divisions as fel lows: Seventy-seventh, national army, th New York division, first national array outfit sent to Franca and seat to the nring line. Maj. Gen- George B. Dun can, commanding-. Originally trtiaed by Maj. Gen. Franklin Bell. Thirty-ntth national guard division. Missouri troops, trained at CaS9 Doniphan. General Wright, command ing. Eighty-second National Army. Ala buna, Tennessee and Georgia, Major General Burnham. commanding. Thirtieth National Guard, troops from District of Columbia. South Car olina and Tennessee, trained at Cams Sevier. Major General Read command ing. Twenty-eighth National Guard. Pennsylvania troops, trained at Camp Hancock, commander's name omitted, Fourth regulars. Camp Greene, Ma jor General Muir, commanding; Third Corns. The Third corps consists of twe regular army divisions, two national army divisions, and two nations! guard divisions, as follows: Third division regulars. Cams Greene, Major General Dlckmaa, commanding. Fifth regular army divisions as sembled from army posts, Maj. Geo. John K. McMahon commanding. Serenty-elghth national army, third to go to France, consisting of troops from Delaware and part of New Tork. Camp Dlx. Major General MeRaa commanding. Elshtleth national army. Pennsyl vania. Maryland and Virginia troopa tralncd at Camp Lee. Major Geo. Cronghlte commanding. Thirty-third national guard. Illi nois troops, trained at Camp Logan, Major Gen. George Bell. JiC, com manding. Twenty-seventh national guard. New Tork troops. Camp Wadjworth. Major Gen. O'Ryaa commanding. GENEVA. July 13. The great achievement of America In putting a million soldiers In France and Ger many's diplomatic failure In Russia are the chief topics of conversation in Germany, according to a traveler who arrived from there today. Strikes are now constant occur rences, and frequently the police sym pathize with the strikers and fall t suppress the recurring disorders. It was stated. Only the rich are able to buy auf flclant food. The informant added that Germany could not possibly es dure another winter oX. warfare. ON. MARCH &.