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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, July 14, 1918, FINAL EDITION, Image 1

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(ltffl0 I 3 Cehts
Honor to France Jefferson Saw the Day
On July 14th Kings Never Forget It
R H ft H mr sal H JLI e9atr"seY aa! ear '! fl nal est m H sal ess ant H
' seeewwW' rQr esw w r w w
The French people, educators of the world for centuries,
celebrate today,. July 14th, the event upon which' lYench lib
erty is founded the destruction of the Bastille.
And all the civilized people of the world celebrate this
flay with them, a day of honor and glory in which the think
ing nation of the world took a step never to be retraced.
On July 14th, 1789 one hundred and twenty-nine years
ago, Louis, the French King, was. in one of his game pre
serves in search of birds. In hia, carefully kept diary that
night he wrote one single
meant that no bird had been shot, no deer brought down, by
the royal gun. "Nothing."
One big and ancient hard had been shot that day in
Jfans, while the lung was tmnsing nimseu in tne country.
'. The "divine fight of Mags" to ride on the backs of the
"oeonla had been shot fhronrh the heart. It fluttered a mo
ment under Napoleon Fust
.rauppe and Charles between, out it never came to me
For a powerful accopht of the events of this day of
glory get from .your library the first volume of Oarlyle's
French Revolution. He w&t too near the picture to see it
clearly or judge if fairly But the young people, at least,
should read what he wroe.
Bead Taine's Ancient Regime, or the writings of Arthur
Young, the ngliTP, to learn what led up to the events
ox July 14th, 1789, and tie horrors that followed.
Good old Americans can
xnoe aays wnen jrrmca iiDeriy was doth.
Thomas Jefferson .was in Paris as minister from this
On July 12th, two days before the Bastille felL he. saw
the German cavalry and the Swiss Guards hired by the
French "ig to protect him against his own people stoned
by the citizens.
Gouverneur Morris, ow$ minister after Jefferson, whose
direct descendant is now writing interesting accounts of to
day's war, wrote mest vividly of what he saw in Paris when
the Bastille fell, ani after.
A few words will give you an idea of the old Bastille as
it stood frowning on Paris, a warning to those who dared tell
the truth about Mag3, nobility'or any privileged class,
It stood where now stands the beautiful monument of thd
Bastille, at the end of the Faubourg St Antoine, where the
miserable, hungry poor were crowded like beasts, the chil
dren looking up from the gutters, where they hunted for
food, at the irowning black walls of the prison castle.
It had once been the gate of St Anthony, two stone
towers guarding the entrance to the city.
Sizlrundred years ago Charles the Fifth added six stone'
towers to-the origi&aliwo, connected them with hightoae
walls, surrounded them with a ditch twenty-five feet wide,
a&d that prison of horrorwas the monumentthe French tore
down on July !4, j.
Many were the men and women locked up In the
damp, cold cellars, or In the better upper rooms of that prison
'castle "awaiting the King's pleasure."
Dukes and princes, the poor creature of the Iron Mnj-y,
men guilty of having a new idea or telling an old truth
forcibly, those that had Offended the mistress of some King,
all kinds were herded there.
They chose the wrong man when they locked Voltaire
jn that prison.
He made his firstvisit to the Bastille as a prisoner when
he was twenty-three years old, in 1717. They locked him np
for his radical pamphlet J'Ai Va, which means "I Have
When he cameout.of the Bastille he might have written
another, called "I Have Thought."
While in prison he decided to change his name from
Arouet to Voltaire. He probably changed his thinking
more than he changed his name as lie sat scribbling and
cursing in the stone prison.
Eight years later, in 1725, he was a prisoner in the
Bastille again. &
He had resented an insult from the Chevalier de Bohan,
faA been beaten brutally on the public street by the noble
man's servants, and when he challenged de Bohan to a duel,
he was locked in ffte prison a second time.
Kings should be careful as to the particular kind of
mind they lock up in jail. It was the brain of Voltaire,
more th all other forces put together, that tore down the
Bastille, although his tired old body, after eighty-four years
of marvelous, violent, courageous life, had been buried
eleven years when his former prison was destroyed.
Voltaire taught the French to think, which was more
mvi Tin rvmlrl rlri for rnvnltv or t.rx ntVier rrrivflpjrpA n1tutvz
And the French, having been taught to think, did the rest.
Jfo wonder they revere Voltaire, whose powerful old face in
bronze looks quizzically at the most intelligent of them as
they pass in and out of the foyer of the Comedie francaise.
Not physical force, but the
the Bastille f alL
Lafayette, when he sent
Washington, might have' said,
public anger."
The stone walls and gates were strong and high. No
weapon that the people had could have broken through,
Old De Launay, the governor, had plenty of arms and am
munition. Thirty-two. of'tlio King's Swiss soldiers, two
gunders, and almost a hundred soldiers would have stood by
fifm in his fortress.
When he heard the growling and the roaring of te
people outside, he acted a3 men do who represent the wrong
side. He fired one cannon and killed a few then foolishly
opened the gates to argue. A little while afterward his
dead body was kicked around the gutter; his head, fixed on
jhe end of a pike, was carried in triumph through the streets.
(Corrtingad r. I.y? 2 Caiman. 3A
word. "Rtenr notning. Tnis
and Third, and the4 foolish
tell you, as eyewitnesses, about
power of public anger, made
one of the Bastille kevs to
"This shows the power of
i n in i w . ii n
President's Cabte to France on
Her Independence Day Back
-ed By Message From Twenty
five Million Americans.'
"The sea seems very narrow- today.
Franco Is so close a neighbor to our
heart." ' " $
In these words President Wilson
expressed the sentiment of America
toward her great sister republic on
Bastille Day.
With the French tricolor firing
alongside jthe 8tars and Stripes at
the White House and every other
public building. Pastille Day is be
ing, obsenred in the Nation's Capital
and throughout the length and
breadth of the land.
By ezeeutire order President Wil
son ordered the trl-color of France
to fly over erery ship of the nary
at home and abroad "In recognition
of the valor, courage and heroism
with which the people of France
hare for nearly four years defended
the liberties of the world."
President's Cable.
Congress look official action for
the recognition of the deyvby-unanl-
upon.lijUzenslo observe the$pdej
In his message of greeting to. the
French peopleTTresldent' Wilson de
clared the day to "have taken on a
new significance throughout the
world. His cablegram to President
Polncare of France was as follows:
"America greats France on this day
of 'stirring memories with a heart
full of warm .friendship and of de
votion to the great cause in which the
two peoples .are now so happily uni
ted. July 14th, like our own July
(Continued on rage 8, Column 2)
700,000 POLES H
LONDON, July 14. Seven hundred
thousand Polish workers are detained
In Germany under vile conditions,
being ill paid and. clad in ragged
clothes, according to advices reach
Ing here by way of Holland. Fifty
thousand are Imprisoned, and the
mortality rate among these unfortu
nates U described as frlchtfuL
According to the Kurler Uvoerskl.
published at Lemberr. efforts of the
Polish deputies In the relchstag to
Bring about the release of the Polish
workers have been futile. The Ger
man government at Warsaw Is con-
useattng appealing letters from the
SAN FRANCISCO, July 14. Seven
men were killed and "more than fifty
injured when a street car carrying
113 lpassengers overturned. Approach
Ing a sharp curve on a down grade.
me air Draxes failed to work, ae
cording to George W. Sweetman.
motorman-conductor of the car, who
was charged with manslaughter.
Too Many Accidents
In One Block Beeler
Makes Suggestions
Seventy-drfat accidents have been
recorded daring the last fifteen
months for the block on Pennsyl- .
vanla avenue In front of the New
WHUrd Hotel, on account of auto
mobiles parked there, the drivers
of which cross the street car tracks
in entering or leaving tbelr parking
To put an end to these mishaps,
any of which may at any time be
fatal. John A. Beeler, engineer con
sultant to the Public Utilities Com
mission, has recommended putting
stanchions In front of the parked
machines, which will compel the
drirers to hack out from their
places Inttrad cf crossing the ear
Today's Latest
What the cables and tele
graph wire have trans
mitted from the world's
news centers.
Preach matloa reeetvta greet
ings frosa Prestdemt WUhi est
Bastille day. '
Cseeso-Slava stt
gaining the waeer
ata sae. Siberia.
grades By
Great Britaia Wat ceasmlt fcer
colonies as to tersas of peace.
British la one year fcrlag Iowa
338 adralaaes, ' '
Hetlaad pretests agaiast Brit
ish air Invasion.
Kereaahy aaks help shake
off the Gerssaa yoke la Rasata
Great Britain is reeking ssea
te Siberia.
Violent revolts eaatJaae la Mos
cow. Yea Hertltng says Kaiser deea
not waat Belgians,
SrosseU food riots.
Workmen's parties la
countries agree fa peace alias of
British Laborltcs.
Freaea nuke farther gains near
Reports (rent Holland persist
(hat vast KacBtmaaa Was reatajjv
ed because the Kalseria waai
cheeked at charges of Immorality
agaiast bias
"iurtrtan- rWat-in theB.1
-Itaaa an eeIsaateaf bTtweatr
tn-m.m.en-f.m. .!.. - sT i ! 1
explosion at Atlantic port.
Two persons are known to hare been
killed and fifteen were Injured by ex
plosions and fire which destroyed the
3.000-ton Spanish steamship Serantes
In the harbor here yesterday after
noon. The cause of the fire which result,
ed In the explosions Is unknown, bat
an Investigation Is under way by of
cers of the vessel, who say they do
not believe the fire was the result of
an enemy plot.
The two dead members of the crew
were taken aboard a United States
submarine chaser and the Injured
were removed to a naval hospital.
wnen me nrat explosion occurred
men rusned to extinguish the
fire. Almost Immediately there were
two explosions, followed by a num
ber of others. The ship was loaded
with 10.000 barrels of oil. which fell
on the members of the crew, setting
their clothes on fire. Many men
leaped Into the water.
The explosions tore uir nraetl
cally all of the upper deck of the
ship, and the sailors who Jumped
oTorooaro ciung to pieces of wreck
age until rescued by vessels In the
vicinity which rushed to the scene.
The flaming oil caused the ship to
burn quickly to the water's edge, and
finally the hulk sank In the channel.
At one time tha oil made a burning
mite aoo reet square, and alt craft In
the vicinity was ordered wit.
The Serantes was valued at $1,800,-
vuv, ana ner cargo about the suit,
sne nad been requisitioned by the
spanisn government to carry pll.
S ST. N. W., 1808 Two
communicating rooms, very
nicely furnished; convenient
to two car lines; good loca
tion. Mrs. Grimsby, 1803 S street
northwest, rented her rooms
after the first insertion of
above ad in The Tines. She
jays the will only use The
Times hereafter, as her ex
perience chows her she p;et
better results from this paper.
Phone us yoor ads.
Main 6260.
Bill will f test
Protests Result From Disciplin
ary .Action of Military Police
in Washington Stricter 01m
servance of Rules Sought
Two hundred soldiers who were
arrested last night on the streets
because' of complaints .from officers
"higher up." today have been re-
1 leased.
On .the order of Major W. C. Ph&eon.
recently appointed prevbst marshal
of thr District, they" were taken in
because of general slouchlness of de
portment or a failure properly to
salute their" superior officers. About
one-half the men were said to .be
without regulation insignia. Some
failed entirely to salute.
Astg result. The Times today rot
celved numerous telephone calls in
protest against the drastic action of
the military police.
"Had te Spell One Jtltchif
la, explanation of the sudden raid
en ihe streets of the city lajor
Phlloob said today; ' ' V
a - .. v.nmu ... .v,. ...uw ..&. .... ..,
aib4b-'ltiwiU hardly be necessary I
bj. dwf.w.jM irfi:c v2aJ7XVri.l..f
tafkf 'improperly dressed. weariOaV
Airsy cioinenana apparently .woiaer
inf to officers when they pass them
on" the street, tack of the right In
struction Is the cause of this.
"General Pershing is very strict
about1 military etiquette, and when
these men get across the sea they will
surely get In trouble unless they are
properly instructed on this side.
"These.men who were taken In fast
night were? sot put in the guard
house. They were detained, until 10
o'clock and then released. Many of
them did not have the proper dress
ornaments, because tbelr post com
manders did not have a sufficient sup
ply to go around. Our action last
night will help many commanders to
get their proper equipment soon.
These commanders are co-operating
with us in this."
Psvteot by,Teowman.
"I think It is an outrage." said illss
Helen Evans. She had called The
Times to protest against the drastic
action of the military police.
'Hundreds of people here In Wash'
lngton wives, mothers, sweethearts.
and sisters of the men who are In
the service of the country will
protest with roe. I have three broth
ers, serving their country in France,
and for that reason I feel that It was
an outrage to treat these men In
sueh a manner."
According to the provost marshal,
soldier saluting an officer on the
street must look the officer in the
fsce and salute at walking attention.
Many soldiers look down at the
pavement when they salute or look
In aaouier airecuon, u was saia.
Salute Slav of Reepeex.
"A salute is not a sign of Inferi
ority." said Major Phtloon. "but Is
respect paid to an officer by a sol
dler. Of course, there are many of
ficers In Washington, which Is not
a military town, who have not been
trained In a camp. But It is time
that they and the privates doing
clerical work here should be In mili
tary trim."
Outside of Improperly saluting, the
chief complaint against soldiers here
Is slouchy dress. Numerous men were
taken In who carried their coats on
their arm.
Wrapped leggings were worn by
men Isst night. According to regula
Hon. tha leggings are not "regula
tion," but several commanders have
been Issuing them to their men be
cause of a scarcity of the other kind.
Instances of this kind were numer
ous last nlgnt, ana, accoraing to ine
nrevost marshal, these men who were
taken In last night on this account
were released after tbelr names were
BULCJC CAUB, Ivery netchta, stlrer band In
ltlsJd E. U. de& nmowtng stand. Jaty
4 If feand please notliy E. U. dsabsrUnta.
l'atadlaon Te New York eltr. RewnnL II
FATgJUTTT Kirr Cole. Inserlb4 "Gan
nett." Tor reward return to ISM Mk st. or
CalwboM Oolnmbta CIH. U
m. on lUh t. neeT Park rod. lUward U
rstarnea to B3 rejrmont n.
PTNBOOT4 sbsne, wim spphtre In the cos.
trr end a pesrl on esea side. Boward It
..rarnrf to t ged t. N. W. U
MAJJ'8 PMBnrU.A Oold handlad. In pork,
FenssrlTasU aro. between UU and Kth.
lUvsrd tor rstarn to Apartiaoat U, 1U7 vr
t- M. W. U
(CvSiHaiMd e CSotit4 Paffta.)
Anything' Less Than RealPeace
Would Be Defrauding Posterity
LONDON, July i4.-5-Premier Lloyd George speaking at
a dinner in honor of visiting Canadian editors Pnday nfght
declared that "anything, Jess than a real peace would be de
frauding the next generation." The speech wasreleased for
publication last nfght
"There must be no hugger-mugger peace; it musf "be a
real peace," said Lloyd George, after paying a glowing tribute
to Canada's part in the war. .
"We are waging war for the sake of establishing a Just
and durable peace in the world. .You cannot make peace
unless it is both just and likely to endure. Anything less than
a real peace would t? defrauding the-next generation.
'"If tibfc war wmeemU ;viW a Tr- to Gar
mana territory cTn ptS SeU to W Brrinmtfc, it will mmply
raite t the UmI trf a-sTrtaiiwii. for wfcfcfc .Jmi wrfal k amr
"The god of brute force must now and forever be broken
and burnt in its own furnace.' That is the only way to secure
peace." "
"Rower to take over the nation's telegraph, telephone; radio
and cafele liaes nfiw refts'n the
ClimjCMf aweekfvStormrdebatetee.Senaterast nighf
passed ilaanvbldaad by vcUd of hx 16 the.resolufion au-thorjziatfi&vPresldekt-to.
assome control of the communication
lines-whenever; he techs it necessary.
On the charge of resorting to unlaw
ful methods of ousting a tenant from
his borne. In violation of the profiteering j
act and the District code, jeseps a.
Packer, a sculptor, US A street south
east, today is out on ,ban and wm be
tried In the United States Branch of
Police Court -tomorrow.
Packer was arrested yesterday by
Precinct Detective Waters on a warrant
Issued by Assistant United States Dis
trict Attorney Ralph Olven on complaint
of Mr. and Mrs. August Bernhardt who,
up to last Friday, had a room In the ac
cused's home.
According to the complaint made by
Bemhard. he had been Irrlsr at Packer's
home for sereral months, and on Fri
day morning was notified that the rent
would be Increased. Be told Mr. Given
that he partially agreed to the Increased
rent and left with his wife, who Is 111, to
consult a chralclan.
Returning to the house Just as the
heavy storm was breaking. Mr. Bern-
hard found his belongings on the front
porch and the doors locked. He attempt
ed to gain entrance which was refused,
be told Mr. Given. During the storm.
Bemhard and his sick wife had to re
main on the porch, he sas, occupancy
of their rooms having been terused
Mr. Given stated that the specific
charge against Mr. Packer is viola
tion of section 851. that of forcible
entry and detainer. It was pointed
out that even though Mr. and Mrs.
Bemhard had not paid their rent or
had refused to pay an Increase for
the room, Mr. Packer under the law
had no authority to enter their room
and remove their personal propety
without due process of law.
Mr. Packer was arrested shortly
after the warrant was Issued and he
was released for the trial tomorrow.
He made no statement.
COPENHAGEN". July 14. Colnel-
dentally with Chancellor von Hert
ling's visit to German main head
quarters, Foreign Minister von
Hlntte, after a conference wiuj po
litical leaders, ten tor unristiania.
according to a Berlin dispatch re
ceived today. Von HIntxe's reason
for the trip to Norway was net mentioned.
hands of President Wilson. -
lie Home had erevioaslr passed
Ihe xqeasQre. and the resolution amr
coes to the Fresldent tor his slcs
Here la how the Senate voted ea
the measure:
AfSnaatlre Senators Asharst,
BankheadK Beset. Colt, Cartls,
Fletcher. Henderson. Hiteheoek, John
son of California. Jones of New
Mexico, Jones of. Washington. Kend.
rlek. Kenyon. "Klnsr. Knox. Lenroot,
Lewis. MeKellar, Hsrtln, Myers. Nel
son. Korrls, Nurent Overman. Owes.
Phelan. Plttmss. Polndezter. Pomer-
ene, Rsnsdell. Reed. SarDsharr Shaf
roth. Shepsard, Shields, ISmmons.
Smith of ArIxons,",Smlth. of Ceorcta,
Smith of South Carolina, Sterling,
Swassos, Thomas. Thompson. Tran
nell. Underwood, and Vardamas.
Negative Borah. Brasdes-ee. Per
said. France. Frellng-huysen,., Hale,
Hardlsr. Kallors, McCumher. New,
Penrose. Sherman. Smith of Michigan.
Saaoot. Wadsworth, and Watson.
Will Leee 17 Ttsse.
With adoption of the vjjre control
measure. It was-confldently predicted
by Congressional authorities that the
President would lose no time in taking-
over the lines. Millions of miles
of wire, thousands of men, and mil-
(Continued on Page 3, Column 1.)
wartime prohibition wni come to a
vote In the Senate September 1 or
thereabouts, as the result "of an un
derstandlng which wss reached
among Senators yesterday. .
The efforts of the opponents of pro
hibition to prevent a vote at as early
date were successful, but tbey were
prevailed on to consent to a vote
after the recess scheduled to end Au
gust 34 Is over.
After two days and more of par
leying ana dickering back and forth
ana all sorts of maneuvering by the
drys and the wets, a unanimous con
sent agreement was reached late Sat
urday afternoon, was offered on the
floor by Senator Smith of South Caro
lina, and was ratified.
Wire BUI First.
It Is based on the understanding by
"gentleman's agreement that there
will be a series of three day adjourn
ments of the Senate, with no busi
ness which meets objection trans
acted, until August 24. Then the
food production bill. Including the
jNorrls dry amendment. Is to be taken
up as the unfinished business and kept
the unfinished business until disposed
of by a vote en the que Una of pas
sage. It is assumed there wm be much
(Continued on Pace 3, QElt'ftra 80
Morale of 6trman Tnufi Shut
.tered at WwWr StfiartM
Points, AcooTewfrf ft Emm?
morale oT plckaC TJesiajr trosat,
evinced la .oeae toatae- by opC "'
revoIt,ts cassia; -lie)- jGepsUB WfSl
eoaMHHi -fatease-TSMateiM, aai te
oEt3JtthejIilef.-CaWwroCtfe deJas:
of tne expected offeaalTB, aeccrsSsc
te infeasaUoB froaeprfaosers, takM
at wj&iy-Bi?at&il;pelts
At-pne polat trooag or tffla Ftmrta
BaTarianr divlsleiv aerroaa &M
Jaaipy over the activity of Use Au
trmUa&s, refoaeel point fcUcx to 8
bade Into the trescaes wbea taferier
reserres shored tiey were acable t
holi. AccordlBsrtaprieaaeTslBllHst-
ewctloa the mca-ware fiEaUr force
to go la Taider threat of txetvm
Reports of thteaatare xftfsmkm
from all parta el tfea fressfc . safc
jaor exertatnHio tie Utimtt W
the Geraeans t9.reaet agaTHit the r
eest French rimm as aa iaAseox
tie that the iMtasj trweaaare
While this Ii believed te bet, jpaai
of the principal" reaeesss for the NaV
ure of the Cersaaa to laaaea 1&e
Moac-delayed blow., there era a imai
ber of contributory: eaasetf
Heavy rains for the fatt. tew aaf
Is tha section held by ta Aarerteaaej
os the Marne frost, one or the Iftel
spots' for tha next attaokv'iaake aanrs
activity nearly Impoaelble, ,
Influenza, known to have causes!
much trouble at varies) peseta, :
have reached the ataaet of as
Withdrawal of hare
raents. half a minion for the Ukra-
nlas campaign. ortrs for the Salkaat
and Italian- fronts, which weald force
a cancellation of the offensive pleas)
In the west.
Delay, to give tha politicians at
Berlin . chance to launch-the
offensive and spread tha -
Ones Revolt Gjonlaa-
Internal trouble known to- exist
throughout the Central Powers, we!
IS reported to have reached, the stag
of open revolt la many 'parts at
Whatever the causes prTHsfi strata
the ralaa-of. tha.dolty-ta-tlaa. allies aae
hints are orthcnrn1ncrng.Jilgll drctee
that when an offensive comes it win ba-
launcbed by General Such.
- winy experts, cowever, peuevo tasg.
the failure of the foe to strike, na
where the French bare, made ssch be.
portant gains and have taken points, eC
vast stragetie value. Is due to the fact
that only a thin fringe of troops- bolde
the first line, while huge forces are be-
Ing massed into an arjny of maneavar
back of the lines ready tor the final aast
most terrific German blow of the war.
LONDON. July 14y The. general
offensive In the Balkans. Intended ts
smash Bulgaria and Turkey and t
lead to the complete military ever
throw of Austria-Hungary; la, be
lieved to be under way, with Italians,
French. British. Serbians. Greeksv,
anu Montenegrins In the fighting.
Dispatches from Rome declare the
Italian and allied troops is Albania
have succeeded in perfectlnjr a single
front, extending 00 miles from the.
Adriatic sea to Ssjonlkl on the
Aegean sea. "
Other messsges from Rome quote
political and military leaders aa say
ing: "Austria la about tb crumble."
Continue OhHag
While the allies continue their advance
in Albania, breaking down an Balrar-
Turk-Austrian resistance, the I rent
are 'continuing their "nibbling" at the
German lines In minor operations, and
the latest war office report telle ef a
successful attack In Picardy. where
retain' troops advanced on. a three
mile front north of MAHIy-Raineral
(eight mllea northwest ef MoBtdidlec,
and six miles north of. Cantlrny, which
has been taken by the Americans) and
broke Into the enemy's front far dis
tance of a mile and a Quarter,
The village of Castle car tha Jt-rre
river; the Anchln Farxva, mile and a,
half south or the tU-v, a4 aevarei
ether etrone nsjclriASu imn dmiii
h-- .L
-a. wiif--1--
M -.!-MiSs-,' J.
-rt .4-:jmi
:il,HA--p Zttj
t&-l I .&. i

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