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s . .' Wu 1, Today Big Drire Number Rye. The Americans Meet It Foolish Kaiser Editor. Newspaf rs Are Mirrors. WEATHER: Partly ele-,y tomlxkt a 4 ttmemwi little eaaaxe la teasratnre. Temperator at 8 a. au degree. Hersaal tem perature ra July IT far the last thirty years, 77 degree. INAL EDITION NUMBER 10,591. PublUhed ererr ereiibur tlselmltiiK Eoaurl. WASHINGTON, WEDJESDAY EVEINlfrG, JULY 17, 1918. Ea tend as Merad snatUr at, to pat . efSo at Wmjnrtoo. D. a. PRICE TWO CENTS. i m. - f .BB- , aaaa aaHaaaaaaa l T ' aaVWaaaaaaS' ff ' Cf fit liaMttftitrtt Citrtes F aaaaaaa W aaT XT r B T- sT W aT F a sT W V SsaV aaaa- W T W W F aa 14 " r T W e A at , ' w IT P-aBr - m 2 . .. .. e - 1 VEa&eacxaammx3amEamxaEmammKr . i . - By AKTHUR BRISBANE. The firth German drive It -on. An the Americana are "on the job- and In the French front line vhere they want to be. Prussian editors who said "first that American soldiers could not reach Europe and, second, that they didn't want to fight, are re tbing their theories. The Americans goto the war . full of energy and initiative. The Prussian soldiers, disgusted, dis appointed, sick of false promises, are literally driven to the, slaugh ter. The Prussian high command will learn the difference between men that want to fight and men that fight against their will. No man underestimates the ter " rifle will power back: of this Ger man drire. It is, and th Prus sians must know it, the last chance to achieve results before American men and supplies shall haTe had time to fix the balance on the allies' eide. - Germans trained for years, es pecially trained and fed and armed for this attack, are driving for ward with an the terrific energy of their nation. But they will not get through. Will, energy, determination, as great as their own, opposes them. And on the side of the allies there is Justice behind the fighting, and they know it It is pernaps true, as the Prus sians boast, that their specially chosen "shock, troops" are equal to any in. mass attack. But the Americans and the aI- Hes -who really HVAKT to fight win fight in crowds; all scattered, as individuals, or in small groups. It has been proven absolutely that the Prussian, except inithe crowd, is infinitely inferior to the allies as a fighter. And sending nun forward in murxn always exposes him to the deadly machine gun fire. o If -only there were another mil-, lion young Americans ca that fighting scene, it would be abso lutely safe to predict the result of this desperate, nod .perhaps .final Sraahn nortftT;i -,Jh. "The tfthef "million, and another; sad htwiVt If needed, rWlilffBE V.BR, however. TJ& result in tka.-end1s absolutelyjVare. .Another newspaper, it is said, was bought by the Kaiser and has 'been working for him, more or less feebly camouflaged. How far West is this newspaper published? Who hare been ita distinguished writers? These are interesting questions that will per haps have been answered when this Is prftitrri. The buying of newspapers by the Kaiser, which is the effort to carry out in America Bismarck's gfhT" for subsidizing "the reptile press" in Germany, is shown to be foolish in this country. Among intelligent readers, newspapers do sot form public opinion; they formulate it, give it expression. o m bow lively they may yell, newspapers that are not say-injj-wbst the intelligent public be lieves are about as influential as the noises that howl in the Cave of the Winds at Niagara. Ton see this In elections. You saw it last fall, for instance, when In the city of New York a small army of newspapers all of them except Hearst's fought against Hylan and Hearst's newspapers won by a majority without prece dent. They won because what they said was what the people, thought, rrA not merely because of the Xeebleness of their competitors. If the Kaiser had bought a hun dred newspapers in the United States instead of two, or a dozen, they would have done him no good. He might as well have gone around buying looking glasses un der the impression that he could change the faces of the people by owning their mirrors. The newspaper is a mirror re . fleeting its crowd. If it is a newspaper great and successful in circulation, that is because it reflects many of the people. If it is small, unsuccess ful, and bitter, that is because it reflects only a few. One paper that the Kaiser did buy, ther Evening Mall, of New York, spent his Prussian money to pay off the paper's debts and give value to the paper's bonds owned by interesting American pluto crats. And after the Kaiser bought the paper, where it said one word for him. it said ten words for the New York Central Railroad, whose friends put a comparatively small -rTAwnfva In Mail tvnM. Whan It comes to controlling "7T tw . i. ..iril'lZZ . jjow" .-. pio au iuq U&ited SUtes, Wall Street can i-svA, tbo Kaiser a good deal. u I 0. CHANCE LIKELY TO BE PHONE CHIEE INWASHINGTON President's Proclamation Estab lishing Government Operation of Wires Expected to include Ail Systems. Br Br pxiice. President WlUon will within a few day Issua av proelamaUos that will put the Government In c-ro of the telesraph. telephone, cable, and radio CTStema of the Unite- States and at the same time probbfy will announce the selection fpf Foatmi ter General Burleson'tha director seneral of these creat communication aystema. Just what the proclamation will contain is mere 'conjecture today, but It is UDlikelr the President will delay in puiiine into enect ino aumorii- uon wblcn ne asaea concreas so enact. i .... Speculation until today has tnelln td"tne-enar the -Brst sxep-er Government would be the -taking over of the telegraph line, .leaving: tele phones' to he attended to later. If de velopment warranted. la One Swa-p. Minds that have been in dote touch with Postmaster General Burleson are of the opinion that- the Presi dent's proclamation will lake in everything- at once. Reasons for this are manifold, it is stated. -By operating- telephone and telegraph systems at the same Urn. experts say. the -saving; of huge sums to patrons of telepnonea ana tele graph lines will result. the only country in the world where there are separate lines fog telegraph and telephone messages. 'The same, lines win carry ooia (eiegrapn ana telephone message without Interrupt uon to ciuier. wire use- ;or tele phone communications could be used at the same Instant for telegrams, do ing away with the temptation to send "nlrht messages" by train. Government experts today aeciarea the economies that may be affected in a reasonably short time by the Government would be enormous, not to speak of tbe relief from existing serious conestlot when Bell perfected the telephone in the United States foreign engineers quickly found that It was possible to use existing telegraph wires for tele phone service, and so today tey are worked together. Pea-master Kawwa Facta. Postmaster General Burleson knows an these things and he is not likely. therefore, to advocate taking over the (Continued on Pag 0, Column 2.) LIFEOFMVAL E PARIS, July 17. M. du Val. former manager of the newspaper. Bonnet Rouge, was executed by a firing squad early today. Be was convicted of treason in the second of the "De featist" trials. Tbe second trial, which began April JO. resulted In the conviction on May IS of Du Val and his six alleged ac complice, Du Val was sentenced to death, while the others received pen alties of from two to ten years im prisonment LOST AND FOUND BUNCH or KET8 -Mt Susdar. Fleas ra ttan to O. O. JOKES. Til t st. H. TV. 1-TJ OOO Wniu poodle. tt. W.: reward. Rtnrn to U V it. l- TaABSE-Plr. (bailtmaed, la black cape. muiN r x. wixaoo, BBamekla, Pa. Plaaae leave at R. rnlkcnos and r. eerre ft reward. l-il MOMET-Qmcx for K, two WIU, aad t kill: lost TlchiltT sf I71h aad P. 3. Untrmt. NET BERRY. WJ When. art. K. W.; r- ward. Pfcoo Rat (IX. f.tj- WAUJT - 0ulala aboat CM an Tii ""h.' j""?5"0" ' 5 Mart aaavrervjs7- onwn wururtfun ymoa- - i iVuimt MczottKju ?a. FIRING SQUAD ENDS MIOTOW S. TROOPS AND GERMANS TWO DRIYXM BACK TO HIS LAST STAOXGHOLD. ? -P ?d ?!sJ Y"0" ISsr I LLOYD OEOK.CE SAYS TBKStS MUST BE NO -BVGGZJtJtUGGZR" PEACE. Vtz? i OF STEEL SUPPLIES A bitter fight is developing between the automobile industries . and the War Industries Board as a -result of the Government' determination to curtail steel supplies to these manu facturers. 1 Officials today declared that Asre- sentatlves of the automobile Industry threatened panic and disaster If the conservation plans were put into ef fect. They also declared the auto men threatened to make a campaign issue of the question and predicted dire political consequences. Warned Year Arc Officials say the auto Industry was warned a year ago and should have prepared by this time for the output reduction now inevitable. Manufacturers of passenger auto mobiles have been asked by the war industries board to furnish in the next ten days a statement of the amount of steel on hand. Ontpnt Cat 30 Per Cent. Manufacturers last fall agTeed voluntarily to reduce output SO per cent, and made no plans' for the year after August 1. Inventories will enable tbe Government to assure it' self If there has been evasion of this agreement. Fuel Administrator Garfield Au gust 1 is to put into affect an order to curtail fuel to the Industry 70 per cent. Manufactures say most factories operate on purchased power and may be able in this way to avoid full effect of the order. They hope in this way to be able to carry out a 1919 program to a considerable ex tent. RAZED BY FIRE AMSTERDAM. July 17. German aero sheds near rfivelles, Belgium, containing twenty-two airplanes, were destroyed by fire, believed to have been set by revolutlpnarles of the German army, according to advices received here today. Ten Belgians and two Germans have been arrested. Nlvelle la seventeen miles south of Brussels. SPOKANE DEATH RATE LOWEST. Spokane, Wash, led the large cities la the country with the lowest death rate for the week ending July IS. Spokane's rate was &9 per 1.000, Port, land, Oreg. was second with 7.0, an1 III I I f MUHxat KII-H rf JKJ't-l I will wmm FOE AERO SHEDS N BELGIUM ARE CARTOONS OF THE i 'Stamtiimrtliie "tf-bis3uHo: LIEUT. JAMBS EDWARD DUKE, A Washington boy, cited for bravery m France. D.C. FLYER CLINGS 7, For doing a "Douglas Fairbanks' 7.000 feet In the air over German ter ritory. Just llke'the hero in the mo tion pictures, Lieut. James Edward Duke, a well known Washington boy. once reported killed in France, but later found to be much alive and fighting, has been cited by General Pershing for; bravery. The "stunt" performed by Duke suggests fiction, but the facts have been confirmed in official reports to the War Department. Flvlnc- with another American boy In an airplane in a bombing formation. Duke climbed cut on a thin wire and grabbed a part of the machine that had broken loosi and was napping-, threatening to tear thf n!na nnil ..nil .f. ...:- n ...- ,. ...- ... bmw .t: uuuk lieu tenant and his companion ta d..th Duke held on to the broken part until luo inane nia saieiy glided to earth. Duke was commissioned about seven months ago after studying at Princeton University, and went tn France in October He now wear hi. stripe for six mpnths' service with the espcaiuonary xorces. He attended the Force School here and studied at Business High School a year and a half. Before entering- the aviation service Duke was employed by the Rudolph It West Company In this city. Lieutenant Duke is a son of Un i out mu, m uorcoran street .. iioirV Fj8 B&' c YH aHaHaBa-wfi V V BKH&rr':' m I ky ..' p HHH&.V aaa BN 1' HvTw'34.. Tf'. jH aHaHakaHa. I aF" iTMi HHK ''tH HHRB EPV',''''fl T'V:H H TO WIRE ON PLANE 000 FEET IN AIR FRENCH SWEEP BACK MILES ON 4-MILE FRONT DAY ' THE PMX&1DEXT 1$ GIYIMO UWCLE SAM A COURSE I3T SELrOMTROL." MftffilO SELL MILK HERE District milk distributors will ask the Commissioners at a public hearraa Friday Tor the privilege of selllnr milk In the District from dairies not regularly inspeected. They wilf ask a temporary waiving- of tbe refla tions; alleging- a shortage of milk supply at this time aa Justification for relazlnc the rigidity of the rulea. The request for a hearing came to day to tbe Commissioners through the law firm of Darr. Peyser. Whltford. and Darr, epunseel for the dis tributors' association. It Js the belief that tho whole milk question will be opened and all phase cone Into. The distributers wilt show that tbe supply available for the Dis trict is not equal to the Remand, and will argue that there should be re laxation of inspection requirement to permit the flow of a large quantity into the District. Trior to the hearing, the Commis sioners and Health Department au thorities refuse to discuss the ques tion. AMSTERDAM, July 17. Chancellor von HerMIng, supplementing his re cent Reichstag speech with an inter view, declared that Germany is ready to evacuate Belgium when her colo nies are restored and the way re opened to the colonies, the Wolff Agency announced today. SAVED AS SHIP IS LONDON, July 17. A Spaoish steamer carrying Senor Lopex de Vaga. Spanish minister to Greece, has been torpedoed (and presumably sunU) by a submarine, said an Ex change Telegraph dispatch from Athens today. The Spanish diplomat and .his family were saved. auaaeribrra Bed Crew War Fund Should par arst butallswnt at eae to C. H. RUDOIfH, Treasurer. Second Natl Bank AdTU .t FROM ANY DAIRIES WOULD EVACUATE BELGIUM IF GIVEN BACK HER COLONIES SPANISH ENVOY TORPEDOED AMERICAN AIRMEN .DOWN SIX FOE PLANES AND BALLOON IN 24 HOURS ENEMY ID EVERYWHERE, town FROM PARIS Situation In Champagne Author itatively Pronounced as "Ex-ifcwwtnt-lvfore iard Fighting Awaited. L AjnNnaN.JAL 17. MwJtMCf'ln &c new have "reached 100,000, -accordmf to au usoritabre ettaoates made here today. , PARIS, Jrfy 17 (4 p. m.). Tie afen&a m the Ckam psga vru attKwitxrer two notBced "exceUeaf' in the nadele of tbe J-fteraooo. The enemy is generally held, every where, if was said. More Eard fighting n expect ed, bat the general impression k that the Genua effort will not coatime Ioag. The Germans attacked the Americans at Pranay five times unsuccesafwDy, it is learned. Accomplish Marvel. The Americans have accomplished marvels between Chateau-Thierry and Moreuil-le-Port (on- the south bank of -the Maine, sixteen miles east of Chateau-Thierry). In the region of Marenn-le-Port the Germans have been driven back three kilometers (one and three- quarters miles) from the Mane. Farther southward, the enemy gained three kilometers toward p eraav (fourteen miles south of Rheims and twenty-five miles east of Chateau-Thierry), but be is still thirteen kilometers from Epernay. AU Attempts Repulsed. Between the Marne and Rheims, tbe Franco-Italian army has repulsed all attempts, while between Rheims and Ualn-de-MassIges, despite the loss of Prunay, the enemy baa ad vanced only three kilometers in three days. Possession of Rheims Mountain ha now become essential to realization of one of the German's chief strategic objectives. The enemy command wanted to split the Champagne front. This ha now been changed to simple tactical exploitation of local suc cesses. The boches are turninr back from the direction of Paris and are trying to push eastward and southeastward. GERMANS REPULSED WITH HEAVY LOSSES LONDON. July 17 The Germans' five severe attacks on the sixteen mllerort between the Sulppe valley and Uain-de-Masslges yesterday even ing, were repulsed with the heaviest losses, it was learned from an au thoritative source today. Tbe French and American lost no (Continued on Page 2, Column J.) " - , (C LieutQuentin Rooteiktlt Killed y YotsjfMt Smk ef FonslV PrMtfcet Mm. Dm& Ii Figkt la Ak Nr O--teau-Tkteaiy, Say Dit patchae In Paris News paper. PARIS, Jalv 17Tkt Liest Qnealia Roosevelt was kflled when his airplane was brovgnt down darine; a fillet Bear C v-teaa-Thlerry Sneay was re ported la dbpaieaes pajtllsaei by Park Brirsyasers Uiijr The lewsyaaers said be avas .. aHaexec osMj: Byi faerstaa jl petrel Uriit taHQwtea Thlerry. froat He sateenlv lost coiirel af bis macaiae; tbe re ports said, havlBg prebably re ceived a mortal wobhoV RooMTelfs aac-lae, which was set on fire, fell behind, tbe German line, Is foil Tien of the American positions, ejuenthr'j cousin, CapL-Phfllp Roosevelt, who was Jn tht trenches, saw tbe machine tall bat did not know his Identity at the time. Lieut. ' Quentin Roosevelt wi twenty-two years old and wax the youngest of Colonel Roosevelt's four sons, all of whom. are in service in France. On Aprii 19, 1017, Lieutenant Roose velt, then a sophomore at Harvard University, came to Washington with letters from Congressman Longwofth, his brother-in-law; and Senator Lodge of Massachusetts, asking- that ha be allowed to. enlist In the aviation sec tion nf the signal reserve corps, that he might train for a commission. Be was examined at Walter Reed Hos pital the same day and easily passed the physical tests. He was enlisted the following' day and assigned to the flying school at MIneola, L. I., where he attained th rank of sergeant. He took Anal enInatlon for a commis sion on July 2. and was sworn In as a first lieutenant on July 7. He left almost Immediately for oversea, and after a short course at a French avia tion school wac on September IS of last year, admitted as a .full fledged aviator. He shot down his first German air plane in a fight north of Chateau Thierry one week ago today. That was his third flgbt over tbe nghting front. CI. rtesstvitt gaaekrd' a Wi NEW YORK. July 17. CoL Theo dore Roosevelt was greatly affected when the news of Lieut. Quentin Roosevelt's disappearance was given to him over the telephone early to day from the New Tork office of the United Press. He listened with no interruption after aaklng that great care be taken to give him the dispatch fully. Asked if he had anything to say, he replied in a weak voice: "Not a thing: not a- thing." Colonel Roosevelt declared he had heard nothing from the front. The news of Lieutenant Roosevelt's dis appearance given him by the United Press was his first intimation that anything had occurred. Tbe former President had just arisen and was preparing to break fast whan called. BRYAN 4S GRIEVED BY ROOSEVELT DEATH William Jennings Bryan, stopping at the White House today to make an appointment to see President Wilson, expressed deep regret at the death of Lieut. Quentin Roosevelt in Franc. "It seems, very d!." Bryan said, "when one knows friends of those lost in battle. The air service Is a daring service, and it Is a brave man who nt-hta in It." U BRIDGES OF KM? UNDER FIR Dashing Counter Attack by Al lied Forces Cam Enemy Back' for. Dista&e of Tw rxtfkMmrmmL ' m wjK". Ajoerican and Freack trecpe, counter attadoaf oa a. fotje nrile front eatk of Dar-' have swept tbe Gap back 3,000 y- mans, mans (nearly two xtulaa). bri&gBg the enemy bridge acrow the river under artHkry fire, was learned from- an au thoritative source this aftar- noon. FLYERS BOMB FOE GUNS AND BRIDGES By FHJCD S. FEKGCSOIT, Ualted Pre StaST CrtMifcat WITH THB AMERICANS OK TH3 MARKS, July 18 (Night). The great est day in the history of American aviation closed this evening; whan our airmen cama winging homeward aftar having downed aix boche planes aad an observation balloon in S hours. Tn ddltlon. they had strafed tha roads n tha rear of the German lines; photographed enemy positions, and worked in conjunction with the artil lery and Infantry. After a few hours of cloudiness ta the morning; the sun shoos brightly at. day., Americana took the air Im mediately tha weaxhsr permitted and fought Intermittently until dark. Lieut. J. E. Stevens swept down up on a German battery which was being hauled along- a road,, descending aa MARNEARE low as 200 meters' (about 0OO-Jeayr , and poured machine-con fire upor tha horses and "men. The horses stam peded, the men.. Jumper from their guns and caissons, and dived Into the woods, and the gun were dragged by frantic horse Into a ditch. Lieut. Francis 81mons, of New York, brought down two boche planes during a single fight. quarterMLion u.s. men in drive More than a Quarter million first. class fighting men of the United States of America are helping; peat off the Germans' "paac storm." This appeared wvjdent today from known location of. American saMc (Contlaned- oat Paaj 3, Oi t-san aJL vuca-o uura wear per jjm. i norm west. t .