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Today WEATHER: Shower tMa after, noon. Tomorrow portly cloudy. Ceatlaned warm. Temperature at 8 a. so 7S decrees. Karma tem perature oa Aosrost 13 for laat thirty years, 7S degrees. fte lltetetfifott NAL IIT10N Ships, Concrete, Wood. Volunteer or Drafted. Poetry Is Not War. Too Much Saluting. NUMBER 10,618. PaMishsd every rraatns (tadodlas Saaday) KaUrM u eecona-cUm raatur at Mm post- oface at WubJaiton. U. C. WASHINGTON, TUESDAY EVENING, AUGUST 13, 1918. PJttCE TWO CENTS Wm By ARTHUR BRISBANE. The business of making' concrete ships, calling for ground lime rock and very little steel, ought to be a tig business but it evidently needs protection and the interest of the President of the United States. The public is supplied with rea sons why concrete ships cannot be and are not built in any great numbers such "reasons" always arise to oppose a new idea. The President will remember that when the ship of iron was first announced there was violent opposition to the new idea. The opposition came from the manu facturers of wooden ships. They were quite sincere prob ably in their objections and in their tearful protest that the sai lors "should not be sent across the ocean in iron pots to drown them." Mr. Empey, who has written a prosperous book, lost his chance for a captaincy in the United States army by making a theater speech in presence of President Wilson, speaking of drafted men as "fighting because they are com pelled to fight." The volunteer can be adequately praised without belittling the con script. Mr. Empey, in view of the stories that he writes about his own unsurpasslng courage, must realize that it isn't how yoa-ge? into the war, but how yon fight after you get into It, that counts. 'When the nation conscripts men and money. It Is the duty of the drafted man to respond promptly without any attempt at evasion and fight bravely. It is the duty of the man with money to pay his taxes promptly without any effort at cheating. And that is all of their duty. In the fighting that Americans are doing abroad, while volun teers are doing their full share, most of the fighting is done by the greater numbers of drafted men outnumbering the volunteers and consequently outfighting them. In a republic, the nation should depend, in war as in other things, upon law and obedience to law. The draft system for men and for money is the right system. And the honor is for the man who does his duty after he reaches the bat-J ueneia not lor any particular class of fighters. Some of those, that are sent back, insane from apprehension without ever having been under fire, are men that' volunteered- and misjudged their ap petite for ,wav, rt. - ' ' . Is it necessary to have so arach saluting by soldiers? The salute Is a sign of respect, sad that, when deserved, is a good thing. In Japan and China the low class man sinks down on his hands and knees and holds his breath In the presence of a man of high rank. Ton may see hanging in Washington a picture of the Jap anese ambassador on his way to a Washington, reception. Fifty mem bers of his household are on their hands and knees, with their heads oa the ground. That ambassador would hsve said, "You cannot keep discipline if your men do not get down on their tends and knees and bang their tereheads on the ground when I Some American officers ten yon that a soldier cannot amount to much If he does not spend his few hours of leave In the city watching for second lieutenants, stiffening himself up and saluting him every time he sees one. But might it not be possible to arrange for ordinary soldiers to tnind officers when actually In service, and for men and officers to mind their own business and behave as ordinary American clti eens in their few hours of free dom? We suggest to Mr. Daniels, who Is certainly a democrat, to elimi nate or minimize off-duty saluting, In the navy, as a start. The German masses are not al lowed to snow what has happened to their troops lately. They are taught, and sincerely believe, that the American army amounts to nothing- It is quite probable that the Kaiser himself believes, and will continue to believe It, for a little while. When the Greeks destroyed the Persian fleet, as a prelude to the complete later subjugation of Persia by Alexander, the Persian ruler asked his royal remem brancer, "What is that country Greece, and where is it? Remind me that I must go over and de stroy it sometime." He made a bad guess, for one of his descendants was compelled later to Jump suddenly from his throne of gold on the battlefield and flee in a miserable cart. Alex ander moralized over his dead body and took good care of his family. The United States may give jobs to the six young Hohen zolleras preferably at hard la bor. Nice poetry, but not war, was Gabriel D'Annunzio's eight-hun-dred-mfle trip to Vienna and back trith a squadron of bombing air He dropped no dynamite, only printed paper saying, "Italians do not make war on women, children and old men," and suggesting that the Austrians break loose from the Kaiser. D'Annunzio is a great poet and (Continued on Page 2, Column 3.) GERMANS RADIO-GUIDED TORPEDO IKS DODGING SHIP OFF D.S. COAST That the Norwegian steamer Som erstadt. sunk yesterday by a German submarine twenty-Ore miles southeast of Long Island, was sent to the bot tom by a wireless-controlled torpedo was Indicated In reports to the Navy Department and announced this aft ernoon. The Somerstadt was drawing bat seven feet of water when attacked. and the wake of the torpedo showed that It passed directly under the ves sel. Then the missile turned completely about and struck the Somerstadt. sending; It to the bottom. Inrentloa of Amerleam. The possibility that submarines oper ating on this side of the water are equipped with a wireless control for tor pedoes created undisguised interest aroonr Navy Department officials today. o-sss-mhi.rei-: It was lepoTted some time ago that the session of the secret of a controlled tor pedo, which was an American Invention adopted by the Government. That they have been able to adopt It adopt It for submarine warfare, with the control station aboard the submersible. seems probable If the report of the Scoerstad's captain Is not erroneous. Whole Coast Raided. German U-boats now appear to be operating: all along- the Atlantic coast. From New England to the Caro lina the sea scavengers of the enemy are exacting their toll of nshlng smacks and other small vessels, and have even gassed a Hghthoase.- ' The gas attack of the South Caro lina coast may be followed by other similar attacks, navy men believe. According to reports to the depart' ment on the attack on the lighthouse, six men were gassed, apparently by a mustard' variety of the poison. It was effective thirty-five or forty minutes. Its color has not yet been ascertained (Continued on Page 2, Column 6.) CHANGE OF VENUE A Jury of Spottsylvania county citizens will be called upon to decide the guilt or Innocence of Kathleen Burgess In the Alexandria county court bouse for complicity in the murder last May of Jobn P. Werres. Washington-Jitney drher. The case has so stirred the citi zens of the Virginia county next door to the District of Columbia that the Judge and attorneys in the case have been unable to select twelve good men and true who have not formed a previous opinion In the case, which would prevent them from giving the seventeen-year-old Mary land girl a fair trial under the evi dence In the case and the laws of Virginia. Curiously enough, the Jurymen who will be drawn from Spottsylvania county will come from the home town of the trial Judge. J. T Goolrlck Of the talesmen called today, from which it was expected that five additional Jarors to the seven already tenta tively chosen would be had, not one proved acceptable to Judge Goolrlck and the attorney for the defense, William Gloth. The words of Judge Goolrlck In (Continued on Page 3, Column 3 ) BURGESS PRESIDENT ASKED rat MRS asssssssssasssssssssasssssBewBaMsBSBSssBssisss",B"BBBB",l,ss,B"""BH""""S"ss"sisss J Tha World's Smallest Newspaper I BmBctmWMI i " J,- l7 fl GERMANS LEARNING OF ARMY'S CRIMES IN BELGIUM Germans are gradually learn ing of the wrongs their amies have inflicted oa Belgium. A confidential circular written by a German military official expos ing the sufferings which the German army has forced oa Bel gium has been widely distribu ted, according to cables reach ing French .officials here today. HALL SAFER IN JAIL, SAYS Habeas corpus proceeding? will not be Instituted by counsel In the case of Lou Hall, the woodcutter. In the Fairfax county Jail, accused of the murder of fourteen-year-old Era Roy. "We know that the Commonwealth has no evidence on' which to convict Hall, but because of the nature of the charge he will remain In JaU." said Walter T. Oliver. Hall's counsel. "For a time plans had been made to have him liberated, but It appears he will be safer in Jail." If later developments do not shift the blame to another. Hall's case will be taken up by the grand Jury of the term of court beginning September 16, next. Should he be Indicted. It will orob- ably be the flrst'murder case at which Samuel G.Brent. now Commonwealth I attfcrnejjjifjUexsndrla elty; will pre- B.uv. uuk -. o. a. uiuiniuu & resigned, "leaving a vacancy on the bench. Attorney Brent, with the al most unanimous Indorsement of the bar of the circuit, will be named to the Judgeship within the next few weeks by Governor Davis. County officials today resumed their hunt for more evidence to be laid before the grand Jury. Sheriff J. T. Allison went again this morning to the scene of the crime, and some time today will go to Aceotlnk to In- (Contlnued on Page 3, Column 8.) I President Wilson today was formal ly petitioned by representatives of la bor throughout the country to use his powers as commander-in-chief of the American army, to take Thomas J. Mooney from the control of the Cali fornia State courts, and see that he gets a new trial. A memorial was left at the White House and the President, it Is under stood, will reply to the appeal within a few days. Mooney is now under sentence to die for precipitating the Preparedness Day outrage In San Francisco. The President has made repeated efforts to secure a new trial for him. thus far without avail. HONOR BRITISH SAILORS (By Airence Jladla to the I. TX. S.) PARIS, Aug. 13 The French minis try of marine today cited ten British sailors and marines ror gallantry dur ing landing operations on the coast of German East Africa. CEJUNSFL OAIDMOONFY MARCHING FRENCH DRIVE FORWARD IN ATTEMPT TO LONDON. Aur. 13 tt:2 p. m.). The French are driving forward In an ef fort to flank Roye, Lasslgny, and Rlbecourt. It was learned this after noon. Boye is being pressed closely from the west and south, and the French appear already to be commanding It The communications eastward from the town are under artillery fire. After capturing Lea Logos wood, the Important defensive point between Boye and Lasslgny, the French pro gressed and took the wood to the eastward. The French have bow almost reached the crest of the Lasslgny heights. A few Germans remain on the highest point. French troops have captured IEcouvlllon (midway between Las slgny and Rlbecourt) and have gained ground around north of St. Claude farm. The Germans are withdrawing- ad ditional troops from the battle line. It is learned. Extension of the flanks Is known to have greatly aided rn ex hausting their reserves. There are now thirty-three enemy divisions (probably 398,000 men) on the battle front. On the Attne-Vesle front French and American troops, by strong counter-attacks, regained positions they had. lost .temporarily near FJs- mttta." -, . - ' -v. AMERICANS REGAIN' LOST TERRITORY LONDON. Aug. 13 (1 p. m.) Ameri cans, fighting on the northern bank of the Vesle river, have captured th ground which they lost at Flsmettos, said a dispatch from that front this afternoon. The Germans delivered a heavy at- (Continued on Page 2, Column 3.) NEWMFflLL The man-power bill, changing the draft age to eighteen to forty-live years, was ordered reported out of the Senate committee this 'afternoon with several Important amendments. One amendment offered by Senator Reed, guarantees two years of edu cation after the war to every man taken below the age of twenty-one. Another makes provision for grant lng of commissions to men drafted and abolishes any distinction in this regard between volunteers and selec tive service men. Still another amendment removes any restrictions on the wives of men in the service who wish to secure Government em ployment. JAPAN TO AID ITALY. TOKYO, Aug. 13 Japan Is plan ning to send about twenty aviators -to the Italian front. FLANK ENEMY READY FOR SENATE R I GERMANY- Riots, all caused by food shortage, were reported today from three nations Germany, Russia and Spam. Disorders in Russia (Ukrainia) were predpitated by the seizure of the harvests by the German troops. In Munich, Germany, mobs of women thronged the streets demanding food, "Berlin js robbing Bavaria," they cried. In many Spanish towns there were famine riots and a number of persons were hurt when police charged the mobs. .: INDICTED, SO WHY RECANT tOsegrUat: ISIS: J JahaT. If iCiHrtsHi.l . i ! . 1 i . , Skajlbjl' aa. JstW IssKf JsWgfsll' 4 j9Sflslssiira4gE9BK BBsWd3SsViAsibBBiBBBgWjfr SaJSr a t3 .jj-jjMMBMErjr JMMJjWffigBri"'jiByiUL BHHKvaaftyi '.giry y? 1 1 j rf f.f mmf L JsT j. rx-fiuD . lamasKZ7B CHICAGO, Aug. 13. "Most of us' THE HAGUE. Aug. 13. Announce are under Indictments, so how are ( ment of the decision of the Prussian we to be scnrM into mcxiuyinc uir toirrd Into modifying St. Louis platform?" said Victor, BerK"V ir r....r.i.. nii;the east has caused resentment In all ment of the Socialist Tarty s national n clrcl pecally In Austria, conference of State secretaries, which dl ng to the Jewish correspond f ailed to alter the party's stand n bureau, war alms. I ON PETR06RAD O T S -RUSSIA SPAIN THE INCENDIARIES THEY STARTED SOMETHING THAT SET THE WOULD ON FIRE. GERMANY BARS JEWS orern minister that Jewish laborers 1 will not be admitted to Germany from c TYPHUS SWEEPS ISLAND Typhus is sweeping the island or Metailn. near Greece, where CO.000 refugee from Asia Minor and Thrice are being cared for Cab'es to the ;reeK legation today Indicated ex treme suffering and famine Malaria has broken out in addition to the typhus. BOLSHEVIKI IDAS NEW REVOLT LONEOX. Aug. IX German, treopa are advancing- oa PetrogTad. ovl deatly Intending to oeeupy the cltr, while massacres of bolshevik! by counter-revolutionists are la progress; la several centers of population, ac cording to advices from varlea sources today. Detachments of German laadstarsa la Flanders have been ordered te Buasla, according to aa Amsterdam dispatch, based on advice treat th frontier. Counter RevaK Grain. Wholesale massacres or the balafca. vlkl have taken place at Ryaiari aa4 Kovograd. according to another mes sage, the slaughter being; the work of the menievikl. or moderates. whose counter revolution Is reported to be growing In force constantly. German seizures of harvests In the Ukraine precipitated bloody disorders In that region. Once before German forcer raarehe on Patrograd. but tailed to occupy th place. The bolshevik government was 're moved from PetrogTad to Moscow some time ago -and .since then plagisw and famine .have bees ravagtag tk former city. Hope ta Halt AHte. It Is possible that the C-ermaaa hop by occupying Perograd to offset tbo allied advance rqmj the north. Entente sroops- were landed oa ti Mtinsaa .coast several raoaths . and" .have already, nhetinlad Itrliaioaol atsfitfifi KEXENSatMAYGCT BACKTOFKHTREDS Kerensky. one time hero of ta Russian revolution, is' being groearad as the possible leader to drive out the Bolshevikls and re-establish his country, It was indicated here today. Bs Is about to go to Archangel, it la learned authoritatively, to throw his weight with the new government of the northern province. Observers In some quarters expect an attempt to extend this government under Xerea sky's leadership to all of Russia. Attlrnd Doabtral. It is doubtful, however. Just bow allied governments would take to Kerensky as the new Russian leader, although some groups la France, Eng land, and America are working' Is his favor. Kerensky recently planned to com to America to enlist President Wil son's aid In restoring' Russia. He cent preparations of the allies, how ever, made this trip unnecessary, Russian officials here said today. Reports charging Kerensky wit& being pro-German, Bolshevik, and a friend of Lenlne and Trotsky, war stoutly denied by Russians here to day. They declared Kerensky la try ing to help build the anti-Bolshevik government In northern Russia, which Is expected to replace the sa tire Lenlne regime In Russia. Who Is adert The latest proclamation of this government was received with in terest in diplomatic circles. Coming at the time when Lenlne appears about to totter finally, and along with reports that Kerensky plans to go to Archangel to help establish a national government from there, thM proclamation gave hope In some quarters that at last a stable gov ernment in Russia is in sight. JitU who Is the chief leader in tha n.'w rrovernmendt Is not yet clear. Hut M. Zuboff. assistant mayor ot the city of Vologda, and one of th signers of the new governments Proclamation, has been mentioned be fore this to the American Govern ment as a strong man. He Is stronglj pro-ally. SOVIET IMPRISONS MANY AS HOSTAGES AMSTERDAM. Ar. 13. Hundreds of British subjects and French citi zens are under arrest and will be (Continued on Page H, Column L) LOST AND FOUND CAMERA lr oa soothbeoad 7th U res from Chevy Cass about i:li Faaday afternoon: nwsrd. H loth sc N. W. Phone Kala4:SS l.ji WKDrirvO BTNO rtaui cold: ITtlTsX netr Mass avo.: ratsrn to mt Coreoraa Apt. 1. Liberal roward. l-u SIDE CCBTAXX. hi ease, te aataoMhaei batwecn Waldorf, Md- and Waahioctoat flndrr please rttura to C D. HAZSN, 11)1 I t- N. W aad roeolvo nvno. 1-1J DOG French loodli aanrers ta the aasat of oeaoir: ion sararoay meat: rowari If ntaroad to UU N. a ave, Call LlneoU Hit IX tfTrirrTSfd am fjhifflrt PnxrftS-J MAKES GAINS -V.