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THE WASHINGTON TBIES. THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1918. w BIG DEMAND FOR RADIO OPERATORS tit By LEONARD PRESTON YOUNG, Chief Electrician, U. S. N., and Director of Wireless Instruction at Service Radio School. Th discovery of radlo-telegraphr. Msitraur known as wlrelias telegraphy, va accomplished by the brains of the . present aye. It Is witaont a. doubt the mast important discovery of the last HBO rearsr and Its crowth In the past ten rears has been marvelous, having made snch rapid strides that the aver age person has not the faintest concep tion or the many uses to which it is pot. The wireless brjwch of the serrlce In the present war Is by far one of the most Important, .and Is a Tery highly specialized department of the royal air forces of Great Britain, one of Its func tions, on land being- concerned with potass; for the artillery, while from airplanes the work of the suns below U registered until the destruction has been completed. At sea wireless plays most important role. Aircraft, alter sighting a U-boat, Immediately Inform tka destroyers by wireless of Its exact location, nils method Is prorins most . I ful as partially submerged sub marines are tnrlslble' from sea level but can be seen dearly from the air. ITced Of Device. JCta has always f el the need of some Artie or method of communication with others at a distance, and until vrr recent years waj dependent on the alow work of couriers. The school boy knows how at the fall of Troy, the nans was communicated to Greece by ibs aaaajinr or flr after Are aloncr the routs. Bow different In this great ace i wnien we are privileged to live, when the news of treat battles Is lm xnedlately transmitted thousands of miles by the modern wireless opera tor. a crest discovery came into ac tual and practical commercial use. In H0O, there belnc about ten years aco only a half doren wireless stations la the World, while tndav thpv nam. ber In the thousands, and were it not lor me war. on account of which this Government has forbidden the ere uou of private stations, there would now be In use hundreds and hundreds more stations throughout" our broad land. In fact, many commercial houses, railroad systems, and steam ship lines' have commenced to adopt this system of communication as much cheaper and more satisfactory than the telephone or telegraph. It Is quite probable that all the railway systems of this country will shortly equip wun wireless, as among omer roaas, tne .Delaware, Lacka wanna and Western railroad has found wireless nils the bill for dis patching trains in addition to eoulo- 1.1 tig several of its fast limited trains" with apparatus. Trowbridge Experiments. With all the great possibilities of the telegraph and telephone, they must operate over wires, but thanks to Prof. John Trowbridge, of Har vard University, whose experiments end discoveries on wireless messages Inspired those who followed In this great work communication without the aid of connecting wires now Is possible. Trowbridge has been called the grandfather of wireless telegraphy. Ills experiments were followed by others, among whom were Bell. Dolbear, and Edison, but Europe's men of science began later to show great activity in their in vestigation of wireless until an English scientist attained consid erable' public notice by putting to practical use the method of tele graphing without wirei But with s.11 the experiments and partial successes . Contessa School for Children J Miss Contessa's school for chil dr W on dren win be located this season at Woodley Road. Woodley road is only a short distance from Wash ington's exclusie residential sec tion. Here the children will en Joy the pure fresh air. which they can not get In the congested, dan gerous parts of war-time Wash ington. Every morning at eight thlrtv a conveyance will be at a convenient a irecung place to carry the children I l school. Tke Departssrats Kindergarten Primary Grammar Academic rreneh Is part of the dallv In structlon from the Kindergarten through the Academic department. Boarding School Department As Sllsa Contessa understands the discrimination which many par ents feel at having their voung children in large boarding schools, or in schools which most of the students are older girls, she has planned to take a very few chil dren between the ages of nine and fourteen to board. These children wjll be given the same loving care and attention they would receive In their own homes. Interviews may be had at regu lar efflee hours or by special ap pointment. MISS CONTESSA'S SCHOOL, 2701 Woptley Road St. Cecilia's Bcaoemy Wuhkgtea, D. C. Resident and Day School for Girls Affiliated with the Catholic University of America and accredited by the University of Pennsylvania. Academic, Commercial, Preparatory, and Primary Departments. Excellent advantages in Music, Languages, Elocution, and Art Tennis, Basketball, and other outdoor sports. For particulars address SISTERS OF.THE HOLY CROSS. Fall Term Begins September 16, 1918. of these men, as well as other emi nent scientists, a young Italian, Gugllellno Marconi, solved the prob lem. Marconi was a modest youth and a deep thinker, and hs great determination to succeed brought him splendid results. He was not what you would call an aggressive, push ing youth, but he possessed the ten acity and persistence to fight with his great probfem until he conquered It, belnc the only man to bring this system into commercial use, although the world's greatest scientists ha for years experimented without any practical results worth speaKinc oi. Means' of Saving IJfe. Not only did wireless come Into use for carrying news about the year 1808, but It early showed its value as a means of saving life on the sea. Now it Is unlversaUy used on light ships and light houses, ilanv heroic deeds have been per formed by wireless operators In the merchant marine. Phillips, or toe ti tanlc, heading the list of heroes, hav- lnc sacrificed his life althouah he had tamole opportunity to save nimseir ax ter naving cauea ior tne assistance 01 ether ships. xoung men nave a wonderful foppor tunlty to enter this lucrative field. At present there is a tremendous de mand for wireless operators on sea and land, and the supply will hardly meet the requirements during the present war. In fact, the demand is so great that the UnltedStstes Govern ment Is encouraging and urging col leges throughout the country to put forth extra efforts toward instructing young men In this profession, In order to qualify them to enter this branch of the service. Uncle Sam has made It particularly attractive for, young radio operators through Increased pay and the 'opportunity for rapid promo- yon .to commissions in Dotn tne army and navy, with the result that many young men are availing themselves of the opportunities offered by schools lb prepare for this most fascinating and Interesting work. Dcmui t Increase. With the building of our new mer chant marine, the greatest the world over dreamed of. the demand for op orators will be enormous, and to boys and young-men fifteen years of age and over the study of wireless offers an opportunity to get Into one of the best-paying fields of endeavor now of fered. There Is no more delightful work than that of a radio operator In the merchant marine, the salaries ranging from $85 to J175 per month In addition to all living expenses, not to speak of the opportunity of seeing the world, which will be particularly Interesting after the present great struggle for democracy has ended. In addition to openings In the mer chant marine the wireless operator has a wide range of choice. positions under the United States Government, and the pay Is most attractive. In the army, radio men receive $36 (cor poral operators) to 81 per month; in the navy from 4l to ST7. Salaries of wireless operators In the lighthouse service range from J780 to J1,'U0 a year, with tl per diem additional for subsistence. Then there are positions for opera tors under the Navy Department from $7 to $8 per day. Inspectors receive from $1,200 to $2,000 per annum, while expert radio aids receive from $1,200 to $3,500. , The writer has been a wireless operator In both the navy and the merchant service since a youth, and has never regretted selecting this calling In preference to most others, as It presents continual opportunities for advancement. It should especial ly appeal to registered men on ac count of the many advantages over that of a private in the ranks. While great generals, statesmen, educators, and scientists' have had monuments and memorials erected to their memory or in recognition of ther deeds and- services to humanity, one may find in Battery Park, New Tork city, a little memorial erected In honor of wireless operators who stuck to their posts when the others were taking to the boats In numerous sea disasters, that they might call for assistance, thereby saving the lives bf people who would have prob ably died deaths of untold hardship in open boats. Opportunities For Wesaesu I have written here altogether of the opportunities and openings in this great field for men. but it mult not be overlooked that this is also a field which is growing rapidly for women. And there are today many young women holding responsible and highly remunerative positions as wire less operators. The demand for women operators after the ending of the war will greatly increase, just as has the de mand for women land operators and women in other callings that were formerly almost entirely filled by men, such as stenographers, type writers, and accountants. And why not? Surely they are Just as cap able to fill these positions as are the men, and In my experience as In structor of wireless telegraphy I have taught many young ladles and lound them most apt scholars. As to their ability and responsibility In or out of danger, members of the fair sex have proved themselves there with the goods, If I may use a slang expression. DR. GLAXTON ISSUES APPEAL Tfl PREPARE (Continued from Page IT.) States should recognise that the maintenance of the war strength of the nation In Its full power de mands' the utmost efforts of all existing well-organized and 'ade quately equipped colleges, univer sities, and technical schools. This means ever-Increasing and more devoted bodies of students as well as faculties. "Young people having the req uisite qualifications should heed this urgent call of their country and apply themselves diligently, enthusiastically, and In Increasing numbers to the task of preparing for the highest service of which they are capable. Wherever prac ticable, young men should at the same time Join the students' en listed reserve and. prepare for military service, in order to be ready for that call also when it comes. Institutions of higher educa tion should adjust their courses, so far as possible, to Immediate war needs and to the demands which must inevitably come with the establishment of peace, and should develop especially those scientific and practical branches of study which are essential to the winning of the war, to the development of our Industries and commerce, and to the accomplish ment of the tasks of the civic and political life of the nation. "Educational Institutions should use every effort to make the op portunities and privileges of training for public service access ible to all suitably prepared men and women of college age. In the caseslof many worthy young men andSvpmen this will require some provision for assistance in meet ing payments for tuition and lab oratory fees and other necessary expenses of higher technical training?' Approved by Laae. This report has received the hearty 1 VlttwAwal St O ..... V . '""'t "i oocretary uie, wno has L Instructed the commissioner of educa tion to give it the widest possible pub licity as the policy of the department. The action of the War Department In making provision for 200,000 or more young men to attend college at the expense of the Federal Government Is based on this policy. The call of tho Red Cross for 60,000 nurses, and of the hospitals for trained nurses to take the place of those who will go over seas at the call of the Red Cross,tem- pnaslxes the need for trained women, and before the war Is over It may be necessary to make provision for them similar to that which has been made by the War Department for mei If the supply of young men and women for the colleges Is to be kept up as a war measure, then the attendance n the high schools must also be kept up as a war measure, even though this be done wholly at the expense of the State and local communities. But we-must reasonably expect that the 'war will have been won and the new area of -world democracy begun before tb,e great majority of the boys ana girts in our elementary and sec ondary schools reach manhood and wotnanhoodnt Is. therefore, for emu rather than for war that we are ed ucating- them; for the time when, in the words of the President, "there will be urgent need not only for trained leadership in all lines of Industrial. commercial, social, and civic life? but for a -very hltrh averasre of Intelli gence, and preparation on the part of all the people." A higher average, he might have said, than the people of any country have ever yet attained. peace has its problems and its bat tles no less than war. and for victory In the one no less preparation Is need ed than for victory In the other-. Mast Rebuild Werl. When the war is over the world will have to be rebuilt, and It should be rebuilt on a basis of knowledge and understanding. No oth war has eer wrought such destruction as this, and 'none has ever made pos sible such extensive and comprehen sive reconstruction. For this rebuild ing the schools and colleges of the United States must supply a large proportion of the leaders. No other war has ever been so costly. Our country will be burdened with debt beyond anything we had ever dream ed. The boys and glrlB now in our schools must pay the Interest and principal of this debt. They will need scientific knowledge and techni cal skill to enable them to do this and at the same time produce the wealth necessary to assure for all the people food, clothing, good homes, WASHINGTON COLLEGE OF LAW CO-EDUCATIONAL Twenty-third year opens September 30, at 7 P. M. Sessions at either 4:50 or 6:50 P. M. Tuition. J75 00 per annum. Three year course. LI D. One year post graduate, 1J m. Special Coarsest International Law. Interstate and Foreign Com merce and Federal Trade Commission. For further Information apply to the Dean. Office hours, 10 to S.:0. 1317 New York Avenue Phone Main 4S8S THE NEW GONZAGA Is Under Directon of the Jesuit Fathers Eye Street Bet North Capitol and First Sts. N. W. FRANKLIN 711 New building. Latest Equipment: Gymnasium, Show ers, eta High School Course, Classics, English, Mathe matics, History, Modern Languages, Elocution. MILITARY DRILL UNDER U. S. A. OFFICER Thorough course in Elocution and Debate; Prepares for Business and Professional Life. Athletics, including Football, Baseball, and Basketball. NINETY-SEVENTH YEAR Coinmences Monday, September 16th, 1918 SEND FOR CATALOGUE health, and all the things necessary' for the comfort and welfare of all the people. With the reconstruction will come many difficult and com-, plex problems of government and civic life to be solved by the people at the polisand public opinion will be still more powerful than It now is. It is. therefore, a matter of the very greatest importance, "affecting both our strength in war and our national welfare when the war Is over," that the maintenance of the schools at their normal efficiency at least shall "be continued throughout the -war. and that In so far as the draft law will permit there should be no falling off In attendance In element ary schools, high schools, or colleges. To do this will require of the tax payers larger tax levies, that ane salaries of teachers may be Increased lo meet, at least to some extent, the Increase In the cost of living, so that the work of the schools may not be lowered through the loss of the bet ter teachers; patriotism on the part of the teachers, compelling them to continue to render this high form of service for the good of the country In the face of temptations to leave the schoolroom for more remunerative but less Important service elsewhere; self-denial and careful management on the part of parents to keep their children In school beyond the com pulsory attendance period, when the wages they might receive for their work are needed for the support of the family: wisdom on the part of school officers that the courses of study may be wisely adjusted to the new needs, and the sessions and regi men of the schools be adapted to the industrial need of the communities which they serve, and the heartiest possible co-operation of all, "to the end that no boy or girl may have less opportunity for education be cause of the war, and that the na tion may be strengthened as It can only be through the right education of all Its people." Army of Pupils. When the registration of the men of the country between the ages of eight een and forty-five has been completed, there will be on the rolls jjf the pro vost marshal general a possible army Of 23,000,000 men. Bow many of these will be called for active service It-is now Impossible to telL We do not-yet know how large an army will be need ed over there to win the war for free dom and democracy. On the rolls of the school censuses of the several States of the Union are the names of 28,000,000 children between the ages of six and eighteen, the elementary and high school ages, and nearly 5,000,000 between the ages of four and six. the kindergarten ages. We should be able to say quite dlfinitely how many of these will be actively enrolled In the schools, for we do know now how many of them will need the best education we can give them to win the war for efficient democracy and for real freedom when the other war Is ended, so that those who die over there "shall not have died In vain." Last year nearly 23,000,000 boys and girls were enrolled in the public pri vate, and parochial schools of the country. Let us make sure that the number shall not be smaller this year, but larger. Let us accomplish both our great tasks fully and well. E (Continued from Page 17.) good carpenter In Washington. Tou can learn to be a good physician in colleges that date back to the time of the first President. Tou can take up one of the numerous branches of business training that lit young men and women for attractive and lucrative careers with the assurance that you are receiving the fullest In struction from most competent teachers in xnodernly equipped schools. Whether you are a parent seeking to solve the perplexing problem of joj looqos jqajj eirj 30 uopa oqj your children, a high-school gradu ate seeking to fit yourself for the serious duties of life, or a mature man or woman seeking to add the finishing touches to an already well rounded education Washington and Washington school afford you edu cational opportunities that are un excelled. The educational institutions whose announcements appear In this Issue of The Washington Times will make the task of selecting the right school easier. Want to Start Something! Well, Seenre Some War Savings Stampsi tbey will Snrrlj- Speed the War's Suc cessful Subsidence. CAPITAL IS CENTER OFAHTANDSCIENC CAN SUPPLY CITY L Bright new school books, the pride of the girl pupils' hearts, will be no more until after the war. The pulp and paper section of the War Industries Board yes terday recommended that the pro duction of school books be cut down 50 per cent and that there be no changes In texts unless ab solutely necessary. PupUs will be encouraged to use second-hand texts, when they buy their owtt books, and the school boards that furnish texts willbe urged to repair the old books and make them' do as long as possible. It will be a blow to school book companies, who have for years Influenced school boards to change texts unnecessarily so that they might get the sale of the additional books. The above news item indicates that even the schools are going to feel the effect of the conservation laws. Washington wilt not suffer In this re spect as much" as many other cities, due to the fact that there Is located In this city one of the largest book stores In the country making a specialty of han dling slightly used school and text books; as well as an extensive line of new ones. Pearlman's Book Shop, it 331 G street northwest, always has a complete stock, of educational books and undoubtedly will have as large a stock of new and unused ones as the circum stances permit. The careful buyer will have a rare chance to select from the enormous stock many pt the books he requires at a greatly reduced price, be cause they have been slightly Used. For many years this well-known store has been the recognized headquarters for the annual purchasing of, the needed books In school work, whether It be the ordinary standards or text books, or best authorities on technical, mechani cal, and special vocational training. Courteous and Intelligent clerks add considerably to the store's popularity.' ST; ALBANS SCHOOL FINELY SITUATED The founding of St. Albans, the Itatlonal Cathedral School for Boys, long the fervent desire of the Bishop of Washington, was made possible by the generous gift of .Mrs. Harriet Lane Johnston, a niece of President Buchanan, and mistress of the White House during his Administration. The legacy was placed In the hands of the Cathedral Chapter upon the, death of Mrs. Harriet Lane Johnston,,' in isu. and in execution of her ex-i press wish, the first Bishop of Wash ington, the RL Rev. Henry Yates Satterlee, D. D.. LL. D., at once ap- Important schools for boys, both In' this country and In England, for the purpose of studying their construc tion and administration. These ln- vestlgatlons completed, the commit tee made Its report, and specifica tions for the building of the newt school were drawn up. I The home building of St Albans,! known as the Lane-Johnston building In grateful memory of the founder, ta the result. Its cornerstore was laid by the RL Rev. William Paret, D. D.. LL. D., on Ascentlon Day. 1005. The work was rushed forward eagerly, and the building was dedicated by Bishop Satterlee on Ascension Day, 1907, Ascension Day of that year fall ings by a beautiful coincidence, upon' May 0. the anniversary of Mrs. Har riet Lane Johnston's birth. The school was formally opened by the Rt. Rev. Alfred Harding, D. D. LL.D., Bishop of Washington, upon October, 7, 1B09. I The Cathedral Close is situated at the junction of Massachusetts and Wisconsin avenues, four miles north west of the Capitot It contains about forty-five acres of rolling woodland and open fields. The Lane-Johnston building occupies the southwestern corner of the Close with an entrance WITH SCHOO BIS itAete i ri vY M ilJsi i By Sending Them "FLOWERS" For the young man or woman that is about to enter a place of learning to improve their education there is nothing that counts so much, toward success as cheerfulness. Bring, this to them while they study by sending them an exquisite bunch of flowers of handsome growing plants. Gude Bros, corps of expert floral specialists will prepare a special bouquet for you to send to your friend in school or col lege. And the superior features of Gude's flowers are that they are home-grown and picked fresh each day. Flowers delivered by telegraph to all parts of the civilized world. "Say It With Flowers on Massachusetts avenue. The school may be reached by trolley from Du pont circle in twenty minutes. Of the location'. James Bryce, for mer British ambassador to the United States, wrote: "You all know the spot at which Wisconsin avenue Intersects Massa chusetts avenue, which has now been extended beyond that Intersection Into the country. At that point of Inter section, Just opposite where the Episcopal Cathedral Is to stand, there Is a spot commanding what Is one of the most beautiful general views of Washington. You look down upon OUR MOTTO: "MA$E GOOD." COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY SCHOOL TV. T. T. SHEPHERD, M. A, M. S, Ph. D PRINCIPAL. AN ACCREDITED PREPARTORY SCHOOL. CERTIFICATE OF WHICH ADMITS TO ALL COLLEGES AND UNIVERsmES. PUPILS ARE DIVIDED INTO SMALL GROUPS SO INDIVIDUAL ATTENTION IS ASSURED AND ADVANCEMENT RAPID. CURRICULUM. INCLUDES COLLEGE PREPAR VTORY-GRADES. HIGH SCHOOL LANGUAGES MATHEMATICS, SCIENCES, PHILO SOPHY, GOVERNMENT EXAMINATION FOR CLERKSHIP. STEN OGRAPHY. PATENT OFFICE, CONSULAR and DIPLOMATIC SERVICE ARMY AND" NAVY AND MARINE CORPS, ETC. - l TUITION. $5.00 TO $15.00 PER MONTH. Register Office 907. 11$ St,- OFFICE HOURS: 1"TO'12'a..M.. :45 TO C P. 1L. 7TO I P. M. THE LUCIA UlmsssssmK ft f -iiMiitFTWl.ai jfk aiBBBBBW sPreitPl I!?!'! A mm fwy A Special Home and Day School Foi Young Girls From Seven to Fifteen Years Old It offers all grades of elementary school work, also a general culture course for Home, Civic and. Social duties; Special courses in Music, Fine and In dustrial Arts (including. Interior .Decoration's, Sculp ture and Handicraft), Languages, Literature, .the Speaking Voice, and Rhythmic Trainirich 'in cludes courses in Rhythm for' Health, for Artistic de velopment and a normal course for Teaching. CLASSES ARE NOW FORMING LUCIA GALE-BARBER SCHOOL 1814 Belmont Road N. W., WASHINGTON, D. C Phone North 6737. MARY GALE DAVIS, ErincmJ. Ml IMmM, Keep Those Young Men and Women in the Pursuit of Education Happy and Cheerful GUDE BROS. CO. Florists and Floral Decorators, 1214 F Street N. W. Phones M. 4277-78-79, Fr. 65S4 Cable Address "Gude." Members Florists' Telegraph Delivery Association. the city, you see its most striking buildings the Capitol, the Library, State, War, and Navy Department, and the Postofflce and other high buildings along Pennsylvania ave nue and beyond them you. aee the great silvery flood of the Potomac and the soft lines fading away In dim outline In the far southeast. It Is a delightful and Inspiring view. "It Is a view that reminds one of seme of those ample prospects over Roma which the traveler is able to obtain from 'St. Peter sfontorlo. on the further side of the Tiber, or from Monte Mario." N.-W. Phone Main 7669. GALE-BARBER SCHOOL It lsat tke TJalfa States i tie United States survy tat fa at to with Genaaay. It la tto VHt4 States of Aaterica. TMs steams yon. Wkat part sav yea playbur ta tft wart Tm earn kelp by barytas; Wa Stasias. For Headaches Have Yew Eyes Examined FREE It will cost yea aotmae t come in and let oar Dr. Kag ston, an expert optometrist, wrsTmrw your eyes and it may save you years of mis ery. If cissses are seeded ha trill prescribe tne eon act ones and fit them perfectly. Their cost will be Tery mod erate, and yon may pay ft 60c weekly if yon wish. Castelbergfs 935 Pennm. Ave. The School Unique M MANASSAS, VIRGINIA ! Seantifal as to siteatioa, National as to patronage. Character plus education is our ideal, Systematic de velopment and culture our aim. Resident teacher to every eight students. Five four-year courses, each group leading to A. B. degree; also Academy course with certificate re lations. CURRICULUM Covers everything- educa tional, vrith perfect individ ual equipment. School of Music snd Musical " Arts, Household Arts ences, and Sd- Eome War Preparedness, Manual Arts and Crafts, Students' Army Training Corps under Government control. 18 years of age and over for vrar vrork. Commerce-sad Department of Secretaryship, AH Commercial Branches, Civil Service Drill for Government Positions, Member of the Association American Colleges, Modern, brick buildings, location alt that could be desired. i Very exclusive, yet only one hour from the National Capital. Non-denominational but earnestly'Chrlstian. For catalogue, and other in formation; address PRESIDENT. HERVIN U. R&OP PHD., LL. ft." Manassas : f'Yifgtora B,l ' - saaaaBBj FASTERN fOLLEGE . .