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OF THE WASHINGTON- TIMES . WASHINGTON OCTOBER 2 8, 1918 teTtafmifotiimc ..rrfiPSSEi. THE NATipNAL DAILY c "tifaSaiy Br H. 8. Patent OtAca. 'ssi' AKTHnR BRISBANE. Editor nd Owner EDGAR D. SHAW. Publisher Entered aa second class matter at the Postofflce at Washington. D. C. Published Every Evening (Including Sundays). by The Washington Times Company, Munsey BIdg., Pennsylvania Ave. Uall SnbscripUons: 1 year (Inc. Sundays). IT.BOr Months. !.: 1 Month, 18 WONDAT. OCTOBER It. Hit. Peculiar Jewish Charity It Doesn't Seem 'to Know the Difference Between a Christian and a Jew. All kinds of human beings give to charity.' Ninety per cent are prond of it, and like to have it known. The criminal in the condemned cell contributes some thing to the widow of the man who goes to the electric. chair ahead of him. Devout believers in any particular religion will give freely to the charity or to any cause 'officially indorsed by that religion. The man who believes nothing in particular, or who denies everything, often contributes freely to charity. There are manv kinds of charity, many ways of giving. Last Saturday Mr. Billikopf, of New York, speaking m Chicago in favor of all tne war cnarraes, &ea uross, Younsr Men's Christian Association, Knights of Columbus. Jewish Welfare Board, used a quotation from an old Jew ish poet, we recommend it to all those that would call Shemselves charitable. "IP I WON'T. FIGHT MY OWN BATTLES, WHO WILL? IF I WILL FIGHT MY OWN BATTLES ONLY, WHO AM I?" This means that he who does not fight for himself can't expect anybody else to fight for him. But, on the other hand, he who fights ONLY for himself, selfishly, is NOTHING. i It can be truly said to the credit of the Jews here and elsewhere that in their charities they live up to the saying of their old poet. They quote it themselves and others. also. One brief statement will prove it to you. The Protestants and Catholics of this country are, of course, a thousand times as rich as all the Jews combined, and richer. Yet the Jews of this country have given to Protestant and Catholic charities at least a thousand times as much as all the Protestants and Catholics have given to the Jew ish charities. This Js not written by a Jew, as readers perhaps know, and is not said in criticism of Protestants or Catholics. A man may do as he pleases. It is mentioned because it is tenth, and ought to put to shame those that ignorantly and stupidly attach: the Jews, not realizing their good qual ities, hating them 'with the inherited hate of ignorance and prejudice. It may also be said for the Jews who give more to others a thousand times over than others give to them, that in their charities they use up in "expenses" less than hair the amount that other charities use in the same way. That explains among other things the fact that Jews are not in the poorhouse. They give more widely. Their charity is spent more efficiently. "We're Ready for Proposals-Germai Note Oxygen vs. Nitrogen Fresh Air and Sunlight Still Are the Main Hopes of the Afflicted. You read much these days about a new method of treating those afflicted with pulmonary tuberculosis. An eminent New York physician inserts a tubular needle through a patient's lower chest tissues, into the pleural cavity, and injects nitrogen a gas which is one of the components of the air that we breathe. The pleural cavity is that space which immediately surrounds the lungs. According to the reports of the operation, "a complete collapse of one of the lungs is achieved," which means that the patient will not be able to use the lung for some time, and that during this period of "suspended anima tion" the organ has time to start a healing process. This is not a new method of treating tuberculosis, but an old method which has only recently come to the public's notice. How little we hear of the remarkable things that science is doing. We "discover" tnat something unusually interesting Has taken place, directed by skilled surgeons, We chronicle it as a new achievement, while some scien tist or group of them have been working on the problem for years. Notable research workers in the field of medicine have been studying under our Washington noses for several months a vaccine for the prevention of influenza. Ten thou sand soldiers have been treated with it, and it has been effective in every case. Yet these scientists are not yet ready to officially announce it to the world. Hundreds of war workers are treated with the vaccine here every day. Results have been satisfactory and seem to prove conclu sively that a real discovery has been made. Yet science holds up its hand, palm outward, and says: "Not yet. We haveto't proved it." And science says of the "new" treatment for tuber culosis, "Not yet. We have worked on it for a long time, but we still believe in the old method." Some day we will find a quick cure for tuberculosis. Thick-spectacled men, oblivious to accounts of war and forecasts of peace, are working on this problem in the nations of the allies and those of our enemies. Some day they will win. Meanwhile, the best course of treatment for those who have contracted this disease is fresh air, sunlight, food, rest, and cheerfulness. Sunlight is the greatest anti-tuberculosis remedy we have. Plenty of it in homes, factories and offices will pre vent tuberculosis. Plenty of it will do much to stamp out the disease where it has found a foothold. Fresh air, full of life-giving oxygen, and sunshine usually go together. The sanatoriums in which tubercular patients are treated are made mostly of porches, which give full opportunity to breathe of air of the right kind, (Continued in Last Column.) Beatrice Fairfax Writes of the Problems and Pitfalls of the War Workers Especially for Washington Women A LADY, signing: herself "Bo man Matron," wrote to this column of The Times a day or two ago, and made some bitterly sarcastic comments on war workers. She criticised their pronuncia lipn and said, among other things, if they would buckle down to work and regard their stay in Wash ington in the light of an educative experience, instead of wasting their energies grumblinsr, their chances of a successful life would be greater. Apparently every war worker in Washington has replied to "Ro man Matron," to judge by my mail. Some wield a pen as caustic as the lady's own, and verv neatly impale "Roman Matron" on their vitriolic Doints. Others indorse every word of her letter, as far as they are per sonally concerned, and frankly ad' mit they had been wasting time repining that might have been put to more valuable ends. Some write, more in sorrow than in anger, that one could be so lacking in the milk of human kind ness as to write such h letter as "Roman Matron." I wish it were possible to publish even a tenth of these letters, which are highly val uable ta giving the environment and point of view of the war work ers, but excerpts from a few is all there is space for. She Held Up the Mirror to Me. DEAIt MISS FAIRFAX: While Roman Matron Is prob ably a detestable snob who climb ed on other people's shoulders and then kicked them away when they were of no further use to her. she has a few truths to tell such as I, for Instance. I spent a good deal of time bemoaning conditions here and repining: over the lost comforts of home. I've spent a whole evening: thinking about mother's doughnuts, cocoa, and sweet pickles that mads everything: taste good. .And then gone out and wept over the un appetizing: "show" put before me in some doubtful restaurant. I have even thought tenderly of the clerk in the hardware store at home and Imagined may be I cared for him, while In those far-off days I never looked at him except when ordering my garden tools. But that nard-aa nails female set me to thinking; certainly In dulging my homesickness In my hall bedroom buttered no parsnips, and Ks true I haven't a language to my back but my mother tongue. I took up French, thanks to Roman Matron's scorn; perhaps we'll meet some day and mutual ly murder that noble language. "RKFORMKD" WA RWORKER. TODAY'S TOPIC War-Workers Reply to "Roman Matron. Washington'! Poor Pronunciation. DEAR MISS FAIRFAX: I read last evening, with about 23 per cent interest and about 77 per cent disgust, the letter writ ten by "Roman Matron." I noted with no little amuse ment the pleasure taken In criti cising the war workers on their pronunciation. If the war girl needs coaching in the vowel "o" I sincerely hope she does not at tempt to Imitate Washlngtonlans as they pronounce the word "now." Residents of Washington should not be too severe In criti cising the pronunciation of others. How many times have I heard Washlngtonlans remark: "It's a right pretty day." And more than once have I heard this ques tion asked of a person when alone: "Where are you all go lngr As far as being well paid for their services is concerned, that should be looked upon from an other standpoint. Do you realize that a salary of SIS a week at home is worth more than $30 a week In Washington? Here she pays S10 to SIS a month for a room. Her board Is S35 the month, and her "meal" which she buys every two or three days, costs $1.80. Deducting existing expenses, she averages about 8 to $12 a week for herself. But the average war worker does not get $30 a week, whereas the ma jority received over $13 a week when at home. A. A. D. born. In his youth he never boil ed eggs over a gas jet. He never had to do so. He is a. college man and a gentleman. He differs with this spokeswoman on the fallow ing paints: War workers are not well paid; they remain here buoyed up by patriotism alone. To live in Washington Is not an education In Itself unless one de sires to-study the effects of gTeed. War workes do not expect the city to turn out to greet them they know better. A great major ity of war workers come from far better homes than Washington provides for them. "Roman Matron appears to have an excellent son, but I be lieve the war workers that she holds up to scorn do more than she to win the war. And I am sure her son did not win his "Croix de Guerre" by his proficiency In English. PATRIOT. but who is determined to "see It through," Is today earning her "Croix de Ouerre," as truly as her brothers overseas. 'But cheer up, girls. Keep smiling, and everlastingly at it, Batter times are just ahead. Our city was not quite prepared for you. you came in such numbers: but the next few months will bring many Improvements Our cry now is, "Down with the Profiteer!" and "Make Room for the War Worker!" FAIR PLAT. DEAR MISS FAIRFAX: For one, I'd enjoy knowing Ro man Matron. I'll wager she Is one of those splendid old girls who go through life doing to the last ditch and never complaining. Sur rounded by spineless mollusks as I am, girls who are typical "Ca lamity Janes," the hard batting of the old party who allowed her self no luxuries In youth and suc ceeded is distinctly refreshing to me. I know a number of these war girls, and. while some of them are mighty fine specimens, others came here expecting to foist themselves on some eligible. If they are able to do It, O. K.; but when they fail why blame Wash ington, the landlady, tbe Govern ment, the war, fate, the Goddess of Liberty on the Capitol every thing. In fact, but their own In competence. A MERE MAN. He Is To the Manner Born. DEAR MISS FAIRFAX: Allow me to address a few words to "Roman Matron" through your column She speaks the Inhospitable Words that most Washlngtonlans have the grace only to think. The writer Is to the manner DEAR MISS FAIRFAX: Tbe letter in The Times of Oc tober 22, over the somewhat se vere signature "Roman Matron," arouses interest and invites comment. To my mind. It is a heterogeneous mixture of com mon sense and narrow-bounded views. Her suggestions in regard to Improving pronunciation and at tending 'evening classes at George Washington University are good, and war workers would do well to follow her advice in this regard; that Is, those who have sufficient vitality left at the end of the day's work. Nevertheless, we must remem ber that there are cases here In Washington where overworked. Ill-nourished girls have little op portunity to avail themselves of such advantages. And In behalf of the latter. , a word of defense. "Roman Matron" says they are "paid for doing their bit. and paid well." I wonder if she realizes to what almost micro scopic proportions this "pay." in many cases, shrinks, after the notorious "profiteer" has had his share? I meet hundreds of girl war workers every day who have to appropriate almost every cent of that "pay" for the barest necesl tles of life, and yet they gladly continue at their tasks, because they have another compensation which such observers as "Ro man Matron" may not realize, and that Is, happiness In the knowledge that they are making real sacrifices to serve their country. Many a brave soul who has answered her country's "call" by coming to Washington to work, from purely patriotic reasons, when she would have been better paid, better fed. and better housed In her own home. Bsrd If nocks From Washington. DEAR MISS FAIRFAX: Frequently I have been tempted to break forth into a letter to tba newspaper, denouncing some of the things I have seen here, but always restraining myself. It was not until today when I read the article by "Roman Ma tron" in your paper that I could no longer suppress my feelings. I think It must have been "Ro man Matron" who was riding on a street car the other day. sitting In front of me. She said. "The people who come hereto do war work are such a low class. I think we ought not to associate with them at all." It happened that I was acquaint ed with three "war workers" sit ting In tbe same street car. One of them is the daughter of a State Senator in an Eastern State, Is a graduate of a famous Eastern col lege. Another Is the daughter of one of the West's most famous physicians, a' doctor who has no equal even In "Cultured Washing ton" so far as the well-known physicians know. Another is the daughter of one of America's great generals, and probably pos sesses (but does not boast) as many letters after her name as even Mrs. Roman Matron. When the new suggestions to the autolsts came out I made a friendly wager with & proud Washlngtonlan that not 40 per cent of the automobiles passing a certain corner next morning would have the seats filled and that CO per cent would carry tbe required sign. Imagine even my surprise and the indignation of the proud Washlngtonlan when we stood at the stated corner for thirty minutes Monday morning and Just 18 per cent carried a passenger In each seat and only 1 per cent carried the sign as re quested. Loyal, friendly, patriotic, hos pitable Washington! Girls actually being locked in their rooms for two or three days without a thing to eat and not allowed to communicate with anyone, because they had the influenza. Girls turned out of doors because they were taken 111. Restaurants refusing, for price or money, to give food to a person to take to a sick person, even when they did not ask to take out a single dish, but of fet ing to furnish their own dishes. CHALLENGER. Public Ownership of Washington Street Railways Next Step By BILL PEICE As you dig down for your nickel for street railway fart today you are sure to nave some thoughts. You are going to closely watch the service you are getting- to ascertain! the truth of the argument that it was only by increasing rates of car fare in "Washington that you could, expect improvement or at least retention of the sort of service 70a have been getting. This increased fare was given that the railways might meet heavy increased expenditures from all directions due to war conditions and likewise that they might continue to pay fair dividends to investors in stocks and bonds. There is no argument about the man, who honestly invests his savings in street railway unwatered stocks and bonds being entitled' to a just interest return. These in vestments are often made for his family should- he die. Bis wife and children are the, beneficiaries, and should not be deprived of his foresight. Yet railways and other public utilities are too often operated and manipulated for the pocketbook of the big Biocicnoiaer at tne expense 01 tne wue leuow, tne puouc, and the upkeep of equipment or roadbed or both. The operation of all these utilities should be by and for the public, with the dividend -a SECONDARY and not a Jb'UJST consideration. That's why public ownership is such a success, where it is removed from politics and tbe graft political bosses may get out of it Private ownership in "Washington has been given every possible concession that it may be strengthened to serve the public. The Utilities Commission realties that without these concessions service under private ownership may cob lapse. This must be prevented. Having adopted various plans and expedients thai; promised to maintain a fair service here the Utilities Conn mission has now reached the point where public ownership or Federal operation is plainly in sight and thf final remedy. The decision of the commission increasing fares praoi tically warns the companies that this increase is all thejt may expect Future appeal for a further increase wfll'pnt. the commission where it will be compelled to ask the Fed eral Government or Congress to act and act promptly. A majority of the commission had almost reached the" decision a month ago to lay the street car situation before the President, who has power under the housing bill to take over and operate public utilities. For some reason' the conclusion was reached to play the last cards that might aid the roads to more 'successful operation under; present managements. Commissioner Brownlow has long favored municipal ownership. If not to be obtained, then Federal operation during the war. Commissioners Gardiner and Knight want to exhaust all promising efforts under existing ownership and management, but their decision for 5 cents fare con veys a significant warning to the roads to put forward all resources to mane gooa wjin wnat tney nave oeen given. Under public ownership dividends could be overlooked in a great emergency or readjustment period and taken care of in times of prosperity. A single management is able to bring about economies that reduce expenses. Competitive ownerships reduce nothing. Increase is always in sight Privately owned car lines in 250 cities have raised rates. In over 250 cities that municipally .operate railway gas or electric light plants there has been no raise in rates Seattle, Wash., has taken over the entire street car, system there and is to pay $15,000,000 for the properties. HEARD AND SEEN nasDnoBi flsBBBBSHH Welcomes for Heard and" Seen! T .annnt KiAcHn tn nrinfc r11 thft 1 cheering welcomes that baTe come to The Times over the reappearance of HEARD and SEEN. The club mTnher nil ml a Rodwin'a gnaDDV handling of the column and are wait ing to see whether anybody else can entertain them. They congratulate him on Joining the colors, congratu late the paper, and welcome me. Appreciation to all. FRED WALKER was one of the many "who dropped in from the G. P. O. to offer the right hand of fel lowship and to say the PRINTING OFFICE boys and girls are earnest ly there in good will. STTKSTTTN13. MARY- nfc Fifteenth and G, her smile greeting all, missed Godwin much, but is strong ior we column. ROSCOE MITCHELL wrote con gratulations. "Godwin's column had become one of the most interesting features of The Times, and I aa certain that his many friends wish him every success in the army." ISAAC CANS, always for tho man who undertakes n hard burden, offers kindly words. HAROLD P. STODDARD comes) along with: "Gee, but it seems good to have Heard and Seen back again, and adds: Who remembtrt 1 cld-fothionmi trotter. Bow we'd assail her, ayt, tve irraO her. If each ear had one now. It ieoM get the -Bert' hov," We'd tatt her and, ayt, even oaO her. Oyxffen vs. Nitrogen. (Continued From First Column.) and for exposure to the healing rays of the sun. Cheerfulness, as in every condition of man's life, is a great asset. Plenty of rest, plenty of good nourishing food. The tubercular man or woman should not try to work, either physically or mentally. When convalescent, a little exer cise under careful supervision will help, but it must be dona cautiously. Friends of patients must not "think they aro lazy; they are on the right track when they refuse to work. Milk and eggs and other nourishing foods are neces sary. The tissues must be supplied with fuel; the little germ fighters which exist in our blood must have plenty of strength to fight the invading army. These are things that will cure tuberculosis. The man whose pleural cavity is filled with nitrogen, must" have it done again and again, as the collapse of tho lung is only temporary, and the killing of the germ legion in advanced tuberculosis is often a matter of months or years. Don. t let your hopes rise over the reports of new treatments. Keep yourself well by moderation in living, and nlentv of walkinir out of doors. And if you do become infected, go and live on a mountain, eat good food, sleep all you can, and live every day in the sunlight as long as it shines. The oxygen treatment cures; the nitrogen remedy has not been thoroughly proved t ;u.j3L-.K-SM-jarz4.