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The Washington times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, November 08, 1918, FINAL EDITION, Image 1

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The War Is Dene.
Now for a War Education.
What Does War Mean?
The Answer Is Coining.
(Coprrlcht, 1J1I )
Whistles blowing, bells rinjrinp;,
flags flying, workers rushing
from factories to form impromptu
processions, newsboys yelling,
presses humming, millions of
mothers weeping for joy; the war
is over, only the final peace de
tails remain.
What should be the last great
attempt at world domination ends
in failure as all the other at
tempts ended. And this year,
next year, the year after, the
world will learn what war really
means, what it costs, and that ev
ery nation pays its part of the
war bill. .
There will be changes of power,
many of them, outside of Ger
mary and Austria as well as in
side. The ordinary people have paid
for the war with their blood.
They intend to have something
to say about world government,
now that killing has stopped.
In Germany you will see &
struggle for rulership between the
Kaiser, if he survives, and .some
such man as Liebknccht, the so
cialist. A few days ago, on his release
from prison, Llebknecht said. "I
stand before you a branded crimi
nal, emerging from a felon's cell
to bid you be of good cheer. The
twilight of the divine right of
kings betokens the dawn of the
human rights of man."
In France power will be with a
government largely socialistic in
its nlethods, and absolutely social
istic as regards many of the men
in high office.
Such a man as Clemenceau
would be called a Socialist in this
country, and bis newspaper more
than radical.
In England toryism retires into
the background. The struggle will
be between British Labor party
and advanced Liberals like Lloyd
George. It would be worth while
for powerful individuals In Amer
ica to read carefully the after-war
program of the British Labor
party. A great deal of that pro
gram will be made reality. It is a
program that would not suit those
accustomed to rule in this country.
What will happen in Russia, cut
off and locked in, so man can
guess. Self-chosen "saviours of
humanity' are killing each other
like spiders corked up in a bottle.
At the end one big spider may
come out fattened on the other
and powerful enough to control,
Austrla-Hnsgary Is a battlefield
of hatred let loose by the failure
of empire and monarchy. Those
that chare been down are up; lade
of'Iood makes the situation more
horrible. .There will be. unpleas
ant days and months there.
In Italy, victorious after long
years of working, there will
come some unpleasant reckonings.
The Italian government has been
patient, enduring much without
complaint There will be in Italy
some, honsecleaning that will in
terest the world, if active minds
hare their way.
Here the people do well to re
joice, parade, and ring bells. As
little Belgium saved the, world at
the beginning of the war, with
her marvelous resistance, so the
wealth, and power of the United
States made the work of salvation
complete at the end of the war.
This country has done good work
well, quickly, and unselfishly.
But it must pay its share of the
war bill.
It also has its problems, with
this disadvantage, that they are
not generally recognized; outside
of a few thoughtful men in the
Administration, including the
President, no plan has been made
to meet hem. The intelligence
of finance that largely controls
the country does not know that
the problems exist. The realiza
tion will come.
Fortunately, this country has
spent only a small sum compara
tively some thirty-odd thousand
millions. Thirty thousand mil
lions is only about three hundred
dollars for every man, woman,
.and child in the United States.
A healthy negro slave was worth
one thousand dollars you would
have had to pay that to his owner
to give the slave his freedom.
Three hundred dollars apiece is,
after all, not so big a price to pay
for freedom for each inhabitant
of this country.
This country can afford what
has happened, as regards money,
and fortunately the loss in life
has been comparatively small.
Plenty of common sense, top and
bottom, are needed for the prob
lems that are coming now wages
coming down, ttock prices roing
up. a few made gigantically rich,
millions facing the anxiety of lack
of employment and lower pay.
War is a terrific fire. While it
burns, you do not realize the dam
age. Now the fire is out, and the
world will learn slowly what has
happened. It is not going to be
pleasant learning.
Business men will nut their
houses in order. Working men
and women, many of them, will
continue to get good pay for some
weeks or months. They should
save all they can for the times
that arc coming.
A dollar in peace time is as
important to the citizen as a bul
let to the soldier in war.
Fair and mtmrr ta
tnghtt tomorrow elondy,
nanwr. Temperaturv
t 8 a. hi.. 41 degreea.
Normal temperature far
Korcmher 8 for laat 30
years, 48 degrees.
NUMBER 10 975
LONDON, Nov. 8 (1 p. m.). Prac
tically the whole of Germany Is now
controlled by revolutionaries, said
an Exchange Telegraph dispatch
from Copenhagen today.
The revolutionaries dominate Son
derburg, Kiel, WUhelmshaven, Cux
haven, Bremerhaven and Bondsburg.
The revolution in northern Ger
many has been comparatively peace
ful, It is said.
Soldiers and sailors met and voted
in the cities, following the example
set at Kiel.
The red flag Is flying over wharves
and ships at WUhelmshaven.
Fire Shots at Prince.
Prince Heinrlch, brother of the
Kaiser, left Kiel In. a. speeding motor
car. .Forces wearing; red bands upon
their uni forced th prince to give
them a JJft. but they were knocked
from the running; board by tailors.
The revolutionaries fired volleys at
the automobile, but It is not known
whether theywounded the prince or
not. -
The Third Infantry regiment at
Oldenburg, the aerodrome forces at
Blenkenateln, the sailors at Flens
burr, and the teen attached to the
naval station at Murvich, Joined the
The revolutionists are reported to
have seized Sonderburg, thirteen
miles northeast of Flensburg. The
railway betWefcthe latter city and
Kiel is said to have" men destroyed.
Rioting la drfemea.
Blots also are reported In the city
of Bremen southwest of Hcmbtirg.
A traveler arriving- from Germany
today said the revolting- sailors have
seized the majority of the German
high sias fleet at Kiel, and that the
warships operated by mutinous crews
have steamed out of the harbor under
the red flap.
Another report said the revolution
Ists dominate. Warnemunde.
Earlier reports tell of the seizure
of Flens, Altona. and other cities, and
an artillery battle in the streets of
Hamburg:. A Workmen's and Soldiers'
Council Is reported to have taken over
the government of Kiel.
Karl Llebknecht socialist leader,
who was recently released from
prison, has formed a council of sol
diers at Bremen.
The revolution created much enthu
siasm, at Bremen, where the church
bells were tolled In celebration.
Berlin Papers Silent.
Strict German censorship prevents
the Berlin newspapers from publish
ing any official dispatches about the
The Tageblstt saja that Berlin is
quiet, but that the socialist leaders
Llebknecht and Hoffman are organ
izing meetings
Sanguinary fighting has been raging
In the German city of Hamburg, which
Is now In the hands of the rcvolu
Submarine crews In German ports
deserted and engaged In tho conflict
with loyal I mops.
Commandant Heinle,' af the Kiel
naval station. as killed in fighting
there yesterday.
Some of the revolutionary leiders
at Kiel have agreed to use their In
fluence to have the German fleet re
called. . Cable advices from London yester
day said that the Kiel revolutionaries
bad decided to send the fleet to a
neutial port
Struck by a passing automobile at
the corner of Thirteenth and K streets
nortwest about 0 o'clock last night.
Miss Francis Rhea, an -mploje of the
War Itik Bureau, residing nt 1017
K street northwest, received injuries
from which she died shortly after 1
o'clock today at the Emergency Hos
VICTORIA, British Columbia, Nov.
S. Flying the French tricolor xt the
masthead In honor of the French
ambassador to Japan, wno was a.
passenger pn the vessel, the Jrpa
nes steamer Kamo Maru has reached,
port from the Orient.
First n4 rrrj remarkable phofocranhN
f the rrAt German retreat Plctnrii,
OraTtjr section next Sunday New Tol
a mencan. a arc.
te warfhitififon
LONDON, Nov. 8-The
Kaiser will abdicate tomorrow,
according to the newspaper
Politken, published in Copen
hagen, said an Exchange Tele
graph dispatch from here today.
The dispatch added that a ma
jority of the parties in Berlin
had unanimously decided to de
mand the Kaiser's resignation.
LONDON, Nov. 8 The
Agenda Libra announces that
the Kaiser is willing to resign
if all other reigning sovereigns
and princes abdicate simnltan
couslv, according to a Vntral
News Agency.
Not until General Pershing leads
la grand review along Pennsylvania
avenue the victorious troops of. Amer
ica will this National 'capital expe
rience the thrill or be the scene of a
demonstration comparable with the
peace parades of yesterday afternoon
and last night
This Is not the story of a, common
place celebration. It concerns no.au
perncial emotions. The -parades and
pageants of domestic history pass
Into insignificance beside it. Except
for the great review which is to come
or the possible march of allied troops
down Unter den Linden, in Berlin, the
outpouring of Washington on yester
day Is unapproachable.
Into the Sunlight.
Here there was staged the thanks
giving of a world liberated from war;
here cheered and marched the proto
types of men and women throughout
the earth who had come into the run
light of peace. Here the Frenchman,
the Britisher, the Belgian, the Scot,
the Italian, the Serb, the Japanese
men of nearly all nationalities, races,
and creeds proclaimed the comirlg of
a new era In an oppreed age.
The spirit of the American soldier
dead In Flanders or on the fields of
France was with Washingtonlans yes
terday The ghosts of the heroes of
"No Man's Land" were abroad In the
Capital of the savior republic. The
mothers and fathers of men dead on
the battlefields of freedom will tell
one so
This is written at the past midnight
hour The city comes to Its period of
rtpose On the streets there rre heard
tie final blasts of vagrant horns. A
soldier and his girl are homeward
Twelve Dellrlona ITonra.
A commandeered truck has emptied
.ts load of excited war workers, who
declared a holiday without consult
ing their chief The traffic "cops"
have set their signals at a neutral
angle and wearily "turned In" at the
patrol box Here and there comes the
echo of a final shorft. Tho colors of
most of the Allied nations flash trl
umphantly under the electri: lights as
belated celebrants htart toward their
resting places.
It Is the end of a frenzied day For
twelve hours Washington, and all the
men nr.d women In it, have lived In
ecstasy and pe ice delirium.
In the life of everyone there comes
some Un.e a moment which he would
(Continued on Page C, Column 2)
NEW YORK, Nov. 8. Both Gov
ernor Whitman and Democratic Can
didate Smith were still claiming vie
torv today In the New York governor
ship race.
There were only tlx districts miss.
trig today, however, anil the count
Itave Smith 90.212; Whitman 078 14).
.The soldier vote Is yet to be tallied,
but Smith's adherents assert he will
get tho most of It.
Chairman Glynn, of the Republican
committee, declares hli f'gures do
not agree ulth the unofficial totals.
He Is also waiting for the complete
count of the Prohibition otes cast for
In rtarUlied Armenia, by a Chrlitlan
girl hell captlv by the cruM Turks. In
n.xt 8un1ey' New Yerk American. Advt.
By Agrace Radio the I. IT. S.
PARIS, Nov. 8 (2:30 p. m.).
Sedan will be wholly in the
hands of the French and Amer
icans within a few Aours, if it
has not already been taken, said
an Agence Radio dispatch from
the front this afternoon. Tho
capture of the western out
skirts of Sedan was announced
The entry of the German armis
tice delegates Into the allied lines
has not stopped the gigantic con
verging movement of the allied
armies, and today the passageway
through which the Germans must
retreat from France had been nar
rowed to fllty miles. i
The British.' French ifad AbktJ
cans are stm forging ahead, hostili
ties having been suspended tempo
rarily In only .one small tone to
allow the safe passags of the Ger
man envoys by way of La Capelle
(which the British captured yester
day). The British, pressing In a south
easterly direction from the Valen
ciennes area, have almost encircled
Maubeuge, a mighty fortress i
France near the Belgian frontiet J
They are advancing on both sides of
this German stronghold.
Continue Progress.
French and Americans continue
their progress In a northeasterly di
rection between the Olse and Meuse
rivers, the Americans having reached
Sedan, cutting vital German lines of
To the west of the two American
armies the French are advancing rap
Idly north of RetheL
Only a small strip of France Is now
held By the Germans, and If the pres
ent progress Is kept up It will be
only a few days until practically all
of the country Is freed of Germans.
Virtually all of the railways sup
plying the Germans In France are
now dominated by allied artillery.
PARIS, Nov. 8. "Our progress was
renewed this morning on the whole
front." the French war office an
nounced today.
Our advanced elements reached
Llart, thirty kilometers, (184 mllet)
north of Rethel
"Further to the right we had taken
(Con' In lied or Page 21, Column 3.)
Complications In governmental ac
counting methods resulted in an order
today by the Public Utilities Com
million rMre I'ng " Capita Traction
Company and the Washington Railway
and Electric Company to sell mctst
tickets to the Federal and District
governments at the rate of five rents
each to be used for official purposes.
The tickets will be sold only npt.n
prerentatlon of duly executed order
from Federal bureaus or the District
government, and will be accepted for
transportation over the lines of the
several companies In lieu of rash.
The tickets will be for the srldlva
use of the Tederal and District gov
ernments and will not be Issued or
sold to others.
The order will take effect on Decam
be 1, 1018. and remtln In force until
otherwise ordered by the Public Utili
ties Commission.
Saered Dlble Lands Keued br Chris
tian armies from th Turl.s (Special
map clven with next Sunday's Nsw lorlt
American. Advt.
Statements By
United Press and
Admiral Wilson
Yesterday in its service from the United Press The Times
received a cablegram signed jointly by President Howard,
of that organization, and W. P. Simms, one of the war cor
respondents on the United Press staff.
This cablegram announced that the German envoys had
met the allied representatives at the headquarters of Gen
eral Foch, and at 1 1 o'clock had accepted and signed the
terms of armistice, and that all hostilities were to cease at
2 p. m. Paris time.
On the authority of this most explicit message The
Times issued extras, as did also the New York World, the
New York San, the Philadelphia Ledger, the Chicago Trib
une, and scores of other newspapers throughout the coun-
try. .
At noon today the United Press issued the following
NEW YORK, Nov. 8. Yesterday's announcement of
the signing of the armistice between Germany and the
allies was made by Admiral Wilson, at Brest, and was
.filed to.the "United Press witii th admiral V approval.
1'This information was-Teceived-bre United Press in a
cablegram from Boy W. Howard Shortly before noon
today. "c
Practically at the same time- another message from
Howard was delivered to the United Press- stating that
Admiral Wilson made the announcement in Brest at 4
o'clock p. m. (French time), but that later he was noti
fied that it was not confirmable. This latter message
filed by Howard did not show, in the form in which it
was delivered, whether it was sent yesterday or how
long it had been held up.
Howard's cablegram rJearly showed that Admiral
Wilson acted in good faith, stating he supposed the
announcement was official and therefore gave his
approval to the filing of the message to the United
Press in New York.
The United Press today asked the Government to
ascertain how long Howard's messages stating that
Admiral Wilson authorized the announcement and also
that the latter was notified that it was unconfirmable,
were held up by the censors.
There was reason to believe that the message stating
that the news was unconfirmable was badly delayed in
view of the fact that it was not received here until
almost twenty-four hours after the original cablegram.
BREST, France, Nov. 8. Rear Admiral Henry B. Wil
son, U. S. N., commander of the American forces in
French waters, today made the following statement:
"The statement of the United Press relative to the
signing of the armistice was made public from my office
on the basis of what appeared to be official and authori
tative information.
"I am in a position to know that the United Press
and its representative acted in perfect good faith, and
that the premature announcement was the result of an
error, for which the agency was in no wise responsible."
There Is no Intention whatever of
withdrawing nny draft calls as long
as this nation Is at war. It was strong
ly Intimated by officials here today.
ST. LOL'13, Mo . Nov. 8. Sil ! n
Snencer. Senator-elect from Missouri,
piled up a majority of 33,000 over for-'
mcr Governor Joseph w. oik, com
plete unofficial returns today ahowtd.
The Georgetown University seismo
graph recorded a violent earthquake
early today.
It started at 11,50 last night and
continued until after 2 o'clock this
The maximum disturbance, accord
ing to Father Torndorff, was at 12:30.
and the distance was about 3.900 miles
from Washington.
Health. Beauty aad the Home, br famous
experts In the Household Fst of atxt
onoaya nm xara Anwicii ttwe.
Posing Wall Street Prices
dermany will have a maximum of seventy-two hoar
to send the armistice agreement to Berlin for ratification. '
This was officially announced by the State Depart
merit today, in conjunction with issuance oFthe news tial
the allied delegates were in conference with' the German
plenipotentiaries. "
Parleys began at 9 a. m. Paris time, which was A
o'clock Washington time this morning. v -
It is considered possiblenhat the enemy envoy "wit
not request the time limit allowed to submit their derisiojJ
to Berlin, but may sign it immediately. - j-
The. German delegation is invested with-full power ta
not only" sign the armistice, but to open further peaci
BefOtiatkras according to report from Berlin.
pKESipEtnLTxAiwdicE m
President Wilson personally will" telT the. people of
the country that Germany has acceptedthe allied arrnkiict
terms when that action takes place, it was officially an
nounced from the White House today. Secretary to th
President Joseph P. Tumulty said this morning that thi
President will not hold anything back, but that the momenJ
he can do so he will issue a' statement to the people teDinf
them officially that the war is over.
Ta Z- ..J.l-nvJ Iimw ripr l-lia n1riarl ffnvpmmeTlft wil
nerr-M on a man for a simultaneous announcement of thi i
action of the German armistice delegates who now u
conferring with Field Marshal Foch. .1
Text of Conditions
Is Read to Delegates
PAEIS, Nov. 8 (1:36 p. m.). The German delegate!
arrived this morning at Marshal Foch's headquarters and
are reported positively tohave asked for an armistice.
The text of the allies' conditions was read aloud an!
then handed to the enemy delegates. The latter askefOra
mediate suspension of fighting, which was refused.
The Germans, it is stated, have seventy-two hours il
which to reply.
The enemy representatives arrived at the meeting plac
designated by Foch last night and spent the night in l
house -which had been prepared for them- there. They pro
ceeded to Foch's temporary headquarters probably in tin
Department of the Aisue this morning.
Strictest Censorship
Over Armistice News
NEW YORK, Nov. 8, 7:30 a. m. A delayed cablegraa
fo the United Press received early today from Paris state'
firing on the -western front -was ordered ceased at 3- o'clod
HT'liTii-oflcnr nffnrnnrm
TJp to 7:30 a. m. no further messages had been receive j
-A -m- Tv 3 itt:ii: tju:i: a: I.- ZJ It
irom xtoy w. xiowara or Huuauiiiuuu onmim, wubij5u
Vi .oiiiorrrnTTi -c-nqtnrrTnv HTiTMttmciii cr that the armistice hac 1
been signed.
in jrans.
The Associated Press, in its dispatches dated Paris si
11 o'clock last night, says:
"German grand headquarters requested allies gran
headquarters by wireless to permit tho passage, of the Gen
man delegation" for armistice negotiations through the lines
The order was riven to cease firing on this front at i
o'clock in. ffrft-TTvwm.riTifjlTrrfhflr orders. ,
W-lw ""
. 1

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