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-- 4 V1 Today Oceaj Supremacy Where? fa Ik U.S. A. s.?.p. Efiglmd Wonderful Island. U. S. A. Big Continent. INAL EDITION WEATHER: Fair tonight i tesapcra tore freezing: or slightly bore tomorrow lair. Temperature nt 8 n. nv, 39 degrees. Tformal tem perature for Tfovember 2 for lait thirty -rears, 40 decrees. il; 'l NUMBER 10,996. Published every evening (tncladlar Sands?) Bntared ss aecond-clasa rastttr, at the post- office st Wuhlnftoa. D. C. WASHINGTON, FRIDAY EVENING, NQVEMBER 29, 1918, OeskgWaB Street Met PRICE TWO CENTS; y-'-o-" W fte watftatfifott mm i By ARTHUR BRISBANE. (Copyricht. lilt.) It Is thankfulness after Thanks giving that counts. If you are old, look at Theodore N. Vail past seventy, chosen hy -.Mr. Burleson to manage tele Phones, telegraphs, and cables for the United States. A few years aeo Vail was building trolleys' In the Argentine, and knew nothing about telegraphs. AGE DOES NOT PREVENT AC QUIRING NEW KNOWLEDGE AND POWER. Many .young minds in old bodies. If yon are young, be thankful for a whole life ahead to. study t)e world in its most interesting de velopment. Originally? .religion was govern ment News from Europe indicates that government intends to put re ligion aside and rule the world without its supernatural partner. That's an important change, man1 Tdying on his own feeble mind and'' sense of justice. It's like a small child, out walking alone. As an American, be thankful' for this -country, a world in itself. In Texas you have territory about equal to the German Empire. And , Texas, intensively cultivated, could feed all the populations, of the earth only about fifteen hun--'" dred million human beings. Be thankful for oceans on both, sides and the United States' de "" termination to be the great ship 'Ptag power and to control those . oceans. , Winston Churchill, of England, grandson of Jerome, a New York stock broker, says that England, ?ol course,' will main tain supremacy at sea He. is mistaken. The country of jus sranaxatner will nave suprem acy at sea and in the air for peace' purposes more important than the war. i This country reads with satis faction that twelve thousand fly ing machines, built for -war will be Jcept flying for the postoffice, ready for war work, should jus tice demand it, with trained fly ers in postal blue uniforms. When the English lord, boasted, "I have-fifty thousand sheep," the Hungarian nobleman answered: "Very interesting; I have that nttmbermf shepherds." Carrying mails .through the air; shipping iall products .for the United States on ships otnied-br the" United States, people mapping-' out. s great, additional battleship fleet to the -tune if six hundred millions Jpore, -"in case of acci dent' this, country, -with world wide, coastwise, submarine, fly ing, and other ships, will have as many captains as any other na tion will have sailors. England is a good friend, a wonderful' little island. She can not develop too rapidly to suit us. But this' is a big continent, and when you talk about "SUPREM ACY" it is reasonable for this country u uecune, poiueiy, any number two position. The United States is buying from Panama the little island of Taboga at the mouth of the canal. The island will be fortified with big American, guns, and made a base for dynamite-carrying flying mi- chines. .Having appropriated fifty-seven billions and registered thirteen million men to make the outside world safe for democracy. Uncle Sam Intends to make THIS conti nent safe for Americans. A good idea. Do we mistrust anybody? No, indeed.but we are as wise as the thoughtful colored lady of Charles ton. Before the earthquake she went to the brick church. During the earthquake many brick buildings fell, while wooden buildings stood. And after the earthquake she moved to a wooden church. "Don't you trust the Lord?" ask ed her pastor. "Yes, I trust Him; but I don't believe In fooling with Him;" This country has learned some thing from the recent earthquake. We trust in peace but don't believe in fooling with IL Let It be remembered In connec tion with supremacy at sea and safety on land that supremacy, safety and independence of the coaling stations of other nations is locked up in the oil underground. The ship with a Diesel engine burning oil can sail all around the earth and ten miles farther with out taking on fuel. The great fuel oil supplies are underground In the territory of our good friends the Mexicans, and fortunately they are largely own ed, with good title, by United States concerns. Let us remember that and make sure Mexico is not 111 treated by any foreign power twenty thou sand American flying machines will fix hat. And the same flying machines will help to maintain Mexican and United States friend ship. A powerful man or nation keeps ffiends easily. DISTRICT TROOPS FOR BRAVERY E I "We'll fight!" This Was the, answer of -Senator Norris today to the report that Sen ate progressives would compromise on their proposal to amend, the Sen ate rules in exchange for desirable committee assignments. "No compromise' is acceptable," Norris said. Similar statements were made by Senators Johnson of California', Kenyon of Iowa, and Borah of Idaho, who form the' bulwark of the pro gressive strength In the upper House. It is as yet too early to predict the outcome of- the rules fight, which promises to be as spectacular as the fight on '"Cannbhlsm," led by Norris in" the 'House. Referring Vie -Nor- rU'Seniority jesplutirin'to ttieRules i"-- ..-- - -. -. t . . .n uommutee nas not naa tne desired effect - 3by Demand Bearings. The prospect, today was that the committee will, report it out, I shall demand hearings on the resolutions," Norria said. The prospect today was that he Rules Committee would report the resolution out In amended form soon after the new session eels under war- Instead of providing that no chairman of any of the eight Im portant committees named In the res olution shall be a member of any other of these committees, the reso lution when reported to the Senate will allow a chairman to be a mem ber of only one other committee named, and will provide, that con ferees shall not be selected by the seniority rule. "Such a compromise would not re ceive my support." said Senator Ken yon. "I doubt If any other of the Progressives would favor it." Thus far the fight has been con ducted in friendly spirit. The Prog ressives are receiving more attention at the hands of the stand-patter, than at any time during recent year. Drop In Itegutarly. "They are dropping In regular)! to see 'If something can't be done'." Senator Borah said today. "They learned nothing from 1812." said Senator Johnson, "but we shall do our best to teach them." The fight still seems to center on Senator Penrose. Progressives were alive to the possibility that their ef forts to defeat the Pennsylvania Sen ator as chairman of the Finance Com mittee, when the Republicans organ ize the Senate, may be defeated bv Democrats who see in the election of Senator Penrose to this office a de cided advantage to their prospects In lZO. "There Is danger In having the fight center on Penrose." Norris said. "It is not Penrose, but the system we wish to defeat" Project Defeated. "When the fight on Cannunism was won there was a proposal to unseat 'Uncle Joe as speaker. I did all 1 could, and we were successful In de feating this project. We all recogniz ed that it waa not Cannon that was objectionable, but the system. Had the system remained and Cannon gone, another Cannon inevitably would have come up. Since the sys tem waa defeated, there was no dan ger and Cannon remained. "The same thing is true now. If there were a secret ballot on organi zation. I am certain that the stand patters would throw Penrose over in thi hope that the removal of this personal target would save the sys tem from destruction. There is dan ger in allowing the right to revolve too exclusively around Penrose. Pen rose, without the system, would be no menace at all." ENVOYS WILL GO TO BERLIN. AMSTERDAM. Nov. 28. The Co logne Gazette says that representa tives of Great Britain. France, and the United States soon will arrive In Ber lin to "discuss armistice questions." Aa Important Fall FaraM.,. shewing tin cnantes effected In IB former mDlr of Ocrmsnr taniad b th. .. A thing erarr well Informed American will D ACCEPT NO MMK H want to ie! aad stad with, nexrts"iTdaa r"la'nt Wilson's eonvoy In raid- labor law recently declared unconstltu New York American. Advt. Atlantic and escort him to Brest tional by the Supreme Court $800,000 of War Fund ForLocaIY.W.C.A.Hdme? Official AiiBQHflceiseat Mafe of Plaa-lo Award Large Sam to Waskagtoi Brack, Wht Lecal ad Nafcial War Fnd Officials Say oh tke Hatter. I The Times .prints below a statement of facts regarding the proposal to apply $800,000 of the recently collected War Work fund to thererection of a home for the local Young Women's Christian Association. The facts gathered by The Times seem to indicate that this use of the funds was not anticipated either by Mr. Cor coran Thomi who had charge of the local War Work fund campaign, or by Mr. Mott or Mr. Fosdick, who were con nected with .the national campaign. The facts, as collected by The Times, speak, for them selves: OFFICIAL AUTHORIZED STATEMENTS. During the last few days The Times has received several- telephone calls and letters regardingtthe proposal to apply $800,000 of the war work fund. the campaign for which, has just been closed, to the erection of a home fas? the local organization of 'the "Young Women's Christian Association, The character of, .the Inquiries; which' were- ay.orthe saine tenor, is muicxica r ,u9ioiigmz nucr. - To-lhie- JttorTTv-aAlrieWn rfmSa" Washington.. i - Dear Sir: May. I call the atten tion of your readers to the pro posed use of a large portion of the" MILK DEALERS ASK TO BOOST PRICE TO 18-1$ CENTS QUART Several milk distributors in the the Food administration to raise the a quart. Clarence R. Wilson, District food chief, today indicated that the re quest of the dealers would be denied. "Reports made to the Food administration show that a fair profit is being made on milk selling at 17 cents a quart in Washington," he stated. "Economic conditions do not justify an increase in milk prices." According to information received today by Mr. Wilson, milk is selling for an average of 19 cents a quart throughout Maryland and food officials believe the request of the Washington dealers is based upon the fact that milk prices have increased in Maryland. Mr. Wilson told The Times today that the price of milk in Washington probably will remain at 17 cents a quart through the winter. PREMIER SAYS FOE MUST PAY FOR WAR: LONDON, Kov. 29. "Germany must pay the cost of the war to the limit of her capacity. Premier L.ioyo George declared in a speech here to day. xh nrlnclDle has always been that the loser pays. We must proceed tn this principle in regard to Germany. "Peace must be sternly Just. Ger msny will not be permitted to pay tho Indemnity by dumping cheap goods In this country-" Referring to his stand in the com ing elections, the premier said: "I won't lead the government if I am to be subject to the old party con spiracies and Intrigues." The premier Indicated that he fa vors punishment of the Kaiser when he said: "We should so act now that men In the future, when they are tempted to follow the example of the German rulers, would know what is awaiting them In the end." Mr. Lloyd George continued: "Is nobody to be punished for the crime of the war? I mean to see that the men who mistreated our prisoners shall be made responsible. But I do not want, when the war Is over, to pursue any policy of vengeance." ALLIED CONVOY T0MEET PRESIDENT HALFWAY OVER LONDON. Nov. 23. -Plans are being made for an alllrd squaaron to meet I allotment of the T. W. C. A. from the recent wark work campaign fund! At a rally of the T. W. C. A. members, held in Continental Stall, It was publicly announced J by the chairman of the meeting that approximately $800,000 was to be taken from the T. V. C.,A.'a allotment of this fund and. appro priated JO 'the construction of thelrew building- In Wash log '.fori " ' ?, . UponjielepJumlng-tb'tkoT.'W. C. A. office, this announcement was confirmed. . , .'- ' , -, "It was understood generally (Continued on Page 12, Column 1.) District have asked permission of retail price of milk to 18 and 19 cents BIG PEACE MEET A big peace conference of women Is planned for February in Holland, with International delegates present from all countries. Including Germany and Austria. . The session. If finally arranged, will be under the auspices of the interna tional committee of women for per manent peace, of which Miss Jane Addams, of Chicago, Is president. Miss Addams and Mrs. Louis V. Post, wife of Assistant Secretary of Labor Post, saw Secretary of State Lansing today as to the propriety of the ses sion. He informed them that he saw no objections now to this congress, ac cording to Miss Addams. As tentatively outlined, the confer ence would be meeting during the fifth week of the general peace ses sion. Its purpose, according to Miss Addams, Is mainly to mov- world opinion as to woman's position on questions affecting a durable peace. SENATE COMMITTEE ADOPTS CHILD LABOR AMENDMENT The Senate Finance Committee to day adopted the Pomercne child labor amendment to the revenue bill Im posing a 10 per cent tax on the net profits of products of child labor. This amendment. If retained In the Mil. win k ih nu f ,. .hii.i WOMEN PUNNING NOTED BUS ARE FAR APART 0NMEA1G0F 'SEA FREEDOM' By ED L. KEE', (Coprricht. lilt, by the United PreM.) LONDON, Nov. 29. Definition of the phrase "Freedom of the seas" is the most important problem before the world today. In its relation to the League of Nations, it forms the basis for the chief point to be set tled by the great forthcoming world peace conference. Responding to a request for their opinion of this all-important problem, leaders of British thought today revealed a wide divergence of views. Great significance Is attach ed to this fact as a result of the ac tion of the allies in amending Presi dent Wilson's famous fourteen points so as toc permit them to enter the peace conference without having been1 committed, to any. deflaltloH 'of Mho Jour, words "freedom .of. the seis'; rwhlch seem destined to be come .the'-most vital' feature 'of Use new International relationship. Answers Chen. Following are- the answers to the request made by tbe United Press for the British view of what the defi nition should be: By ADMIRAL, LORD BERESFORD The British 'fleet insured victory, Without the British fleet the whole world would be under the domina tion of Germany. The German view of 'freedom of the seas would par allel their view of freedom on land Before the war. America objected ta some of the principles of our block ade. Directly it entered the war, it adopted the same methods and help ed us. The league of nations Is no counterpoise to command of the seas by the British fleet. The Brit ish empire will never consent to give up command of the seas, but would gladly welcome . tbe assistance of Kngllsh-speaklng nations to retain that command. By II. C. WELLS. Freedom of the seas means a guarantee by the league of nations of transit without discrimination in freights and fares over all seas and International land routes, free of dis criminations and extortions by par ticular nations or combines of priv ate ship owers and transit compan ies. By G. BERNARD SI1AW. Freedom of the seas means that if you seize contraband of war you pay (Continued on Page 12, Column C.) FOR' "Liberty fuel," vastly cheaper than gasolenn and possessing many advan tages over that product, has oet-n In vented by officers of the War Depart ment end is now being produced In large quantities. It became known to il -i. The s,ew fuel is the result of more than 500 experiments conducted by Major O. B. Zimmerman and Capt. E. C Weinberger, of the research and development divisions of th3 general engineering depot here. Exhaustive experiments have proved that -the new fuel is adapted to all kinds of motor vehicles, stationary tn- r.ines. and airplanes. Liberty ;uei act comr e-civ as a gasolene substitute. I', in odorless. tasteless, and non-cornxlv. Tests fo.- i-fcrroslnn were mrfo in a motor cycle' that covered 23,000 miles of ve- riable operation. It-leaves i.'i roshim- on carbon than any sarolcne, requires le.w air i-r oxygen or c mbustlon, and develops greater horsepower. The fo.-ce of the .xol-w ..n or Lib erty fu'.. liar been foii.i 1 to ': 30 pr cent greater than ca,il j.i,. The dljcivoy. wli-ei rank? with the greatest .'f l.o - i.r, re-nll'-u r'tcr twenty s' m wfuvili-i.t: rut diituli had been p-jd'i "fJ. A New Serial -The nlark Stone." A thrllllne atrtrr nf modern limps. AA venture, lovr, Intrtsur. and the srfat war. Br tha popular novelist, Gaorf Glbba. With nt Sunday's New Trk American. Adt CHEAP SUBSTITUTE A IS FOUND IN COMMUTATION OF MOONEY SENTENCE WON'T HALT STRIKE J. E, MORGAN, MQoney Defense League SAN FRANCISCO, Not. 29. Thorns J. Moeney aa&esl a statement today in which he called upon labor to help bring about hk naconditloBsJ pardon. The commutation of the sentence of Thomas J. llooney from death, to life imprisonment Ty Governor Ste phens, of California, will not halt the threatened' strike of unionists through out the country on December D, ac cording to J. Edward Morgan, Wash ington representative of the Mooneyl Defense League. ' The 70,000 working men who al ready have signified their1 intention to walk out and stay out until a new trial -is given to the convicted labor leader, will abide by their program until the new trial la obtained, 'said Mr.. Morgan. Tha commutation of the sentence only intensifies' matters, he said, aa Governor Stepnens saya his acuoa waa .based oa- a doubt ot the guilt of Mooney, and this doubt should entitle Mooney to. a new trial. X Strike l D. C Washington unionists are not ex pected to Join in the demonstration cm December O; which threatens to take olace throBarhouithe leonntrv .'ai tha majority of .the men aj-e employed est Gov erentwoTkaU tab: attempt will flsa 'Mlsallm taCI lalalxL"! HAw Tft 7. T ' . " WJv f'a' 5 7""" a" j Tjaent, Wilson toaajr.Vfc.in receipt ot s, piea irom tne naeniawtsof tbe ar ? (,, asasBg wai oa again, use iian In4aenc. 'with " Jdorernor Stephens to obtain a' new trial for the labor leader, and If that should fall, to take the ae from the California courts; ThePresident is asked to do thla aa a war measure, with, the au thority vested in him aa -commander-in-chief of the army and navy. Letter Frasa Meoney. Morgan received a letter from Mooney today, written in the San Quentin penitentiary several days be fore the commutation of tie death sentence. "I am not afraid of the gallows aa much aa Flckert is afraid of a new trial,'' writes Mooney. Mooney declares that Governor Stephens' action yesterday waa brought about by pressure by the op ponents of labor who were mentioned in the report of Labor Investigator Densmore, of tha Department of Labor, which charges that these men were Instrumental in obtaining wit nesses wno perjured themselves on the stand. If a new trial is granted, said Morgan, the Densmore report will be used In evidence and the entire frame-up will be exposed. Tbe fact that all but Ave witnesses who testified against Mooney have confessed and are willing to take the stand again, according to Morgan, and tell of the plot to send the labor leader to the gallows, Is another rea son why a new trial la being ao bit terly fought Governor Stephens' statement an nouncing the commutation said that In considering the case he bad had bo- frora him 'the urgent appeal of the President of the United States that I grant commutation. 'Originally, In January of this year. I received a letter from tbe Presi dent asking me If It would not bo possible to postpone the exi-.utlon of Mooney until he could be tried upon one of the other Indictments against him. "Inasmuch as an appeal already had been taken to the supreme court of California, which appeal Itself actei (Contlnued on Page 21, Column 1.) Es ist That's What the Orderly Says of His NEW YORK. Nov. 19. Cyril Brown, correspondent for the World, cables the following description of the quar ters on Wlerlngen Islind now occu pied by the ex-crown prince: 'Ills house is a mean two-story structure. The bedroom occupied oy the ex-royal tenant is decorated with dingy, dark green paper. There is a single bedstead with an Iron frame, a small dresser In fine corner, an oil stove in the other, and In the center of the room a tiny table, adorned with a photograph of the ex-crown princess tn an oval gold frame, two photographs of the ex-Kalserln In wooden frames, an atomizer and other bottles, and some shabby writing ma terial. Such lodgings would be dear In New York at IS a week. "Tha ex-crown prince's adjutant oe- CITED BATTLE Butler Says War AkkdEdacation PBWCETOJf, IT. X. Nev. 2sV The war Imm distinctly helped the Amerieam aatlon by havimjr "barnt n" xaaay aoureea and( causes of tBtelleetoal. moral, and social waste. President Nicholas Murray Batter, of Colombia Uni versity declared In an address be-, fere the association of colleges and preparatory schools of the Middle Stales and Maryland to day. "It has skortraed .bjr, many years, perhaps by st generation, ihe path or progress to 'clearer, sounder and more eons tractive thinking as to education, lis pro cesses aadMts alass," said Dr. Batt ler, t Revision upward of .salaries, aad wages paid in all Glvemment de partments. Transportation home of thou sands of war workers employed in Washington whosa Jobs are no longer essential. The foregoing two big problems wUT demand an early solution by Congress after It begins Its short session oa Monday next members of the House Appropriations day. Committee declared ,to- Congressman Swagar Sheriey, Demo crat, of Kentucky, chairman of tha House Appropriations Committee, pro poses to meet the situation of dismissed jwar workers by introducing a bill in the House to provide for an appro priation to cover the cost of returning them to their homes within thirty or sixty days after such an appropria tion Is made available. Other mem bers of the committee express them selves as being strongly in favor of the Shcrley measure. Many Are Women. Many of Washington's war work ers are women who flocked here from distant points, not a few of them from as far away as the Pacific coast and the Northwest to do their "hit"" for thelsj country while their brothers, husbands, or sweethearts were wear (Continued on Page 3, Column 0.) Traurig of the Ex-Crown Prince New Home. cupies an equally modest room imme diately at the back. Downstairs are a cold hall, a very small dining room, a living room occupied mainly by a shabby billiard table, a dining table set for four persons, with two -rounds of wine glasses. The Island of Wlerlngen Is about eight miles long and its wildest di ameter Is four miles. It has a popu lation of 1,000. There is no form of amusement there, not even a -movie show. The fishermen get their recre ation In the taverns. Walking- and talking with his own companions seem to be about the only activities possible for the Interned IIohenzoHern. 'Wler lngen Is one of the world's Jumping off places. "The orderly who showed me tha home said "Es 1st traurig; damn it CONGRESS HEROIC WORK COMMANDER OF 5TH ARMY A considerable number of Bbv trlet men are attacked to tke I17h Sanitary Train, Ik the Forty second Division. Tils detacameat: oX District troops, formerly- known as the First Meld BosaHal Con. pany.-ia In tne naii cited by Gea eralSasuarria. ,, , Other- District men are, ta "ta TUtletk division. comoHnwetea. for ttM -work by Field Marshal Halg. The Forty-second. divWea ot tfc Amerfcaa expeditiwBary 'tee Se, France Yak bee- iTigiWnW "&. Maj. Gea."CbrIes 'Smmmn0L emSmmk 'tSMtfl acay em for the' rvlce TfsMsamad ami lb bravery &isplM$cd-bf Its paeeL The 'fdiotatib&s were aaaesaeeel isl a geaeral order issued by Geseral Sumraerall at the headqwarters -tsf the Fifth army corps fa Fraaee, s copy of which has reached here. Expressing: appredatka to tie Forty-second division npon tlje ter mination of its services with tbe Fifth, army corps, General StHDaer aQ, in the general order, particBlar ry commends: the Eighty-foHrtk in fantry brigade. aaL Slxty-'seveatft field artillery brigade, Hsita of -Mm . division. , Under Gen. MseArtlmr. The Eighty-fourth brigade is ULtfw.1 the commsnd of Brig. Gen. Douglas) HcArthur, who on numerous occa sions has been cited for bravery aad dash on the western front. Geseral UcArthur haa bees presented with, tha French croir da' guerre aad tha American Distinguished Service Cross of two palm leaves. f "This brigade,'' reads tho general order, "has manifested the highest soldierly qualities, and has rendered service of tha greatest value during the present operations. With a dash, courage, and flghtlns spirit 'Worthy of the best traditions of the Americas army, this brigade carried by assault the strongly fortified Hill SSSS on tha Kriemhllde Stelluns, 'and unceasingly pressed Its advance until it has cap tured the Tullerie Forme and tha Bo Is de Chatlllon. thus placing; Itself at least a kilometer beyond the en emy's strongline of resistance. "During this advance tho enemy fought with unusual determination. with a flrst-class division and in many cases resorted to hand to hand fighting when our troops .approached his rear. The conduct of this brigade has reflected honor upon the division, the army, and the stats from which the regiments came." Of the Seventh-Seventh brigade tha general order says: "This brigade has remained con tinually in action since the entrance of the dlvlson into line, and. by self sacrificing devotion to,duty and tha high skill ot its officers and men. it baa contributed greatly to the sueeeas of all operations." 17 OF NEXT PRESIDENT BIRMINGHAM. Ala.. Nov. 29. Sec retary McAdoo. protested "No, nor when the Immense crowd whlca greet ed him yesterday started a cry- of Our next President" Holding up his hand for silence. the Secretary,, of the Treasury- ex pressed deep appreciation of the sen timent o'f the gathering, but declared' ha was too busy trying to get back to private life to even think of the Presidential race. Marshal TToeh Sonvealr Kmnkor. Entire roterravure section daratn t history In pictures ot th Ufa ef tha- amt remmiindtr-!n-chif of tha victorious aJU4 srmlee. With ntvt Sunday's Nrw Tors M'ADOO STOPS CRY -al 1 31 1 (It's toagn, damn if- i 1 Wst -. .