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The Washington times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, February 27, 1919, FINAL EDITION, Image 1

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Good Advertising.
Ladies Are Shocked.
But Think of Sparta.
Mexico's Heart Change.
Sartly cloudy tonight
tomorrow. Probably
rain or isoiv. Tempera
tare at 8 a. m., 2S de
cree. Normal tempera
ture for February 27 lor
last thirty years, 36 de
crees. INAL
DUMBER 11,088.
Publtkbed every evening (Including Sunday)
Entered aa aecond-clut matter, at tht peat-
offlco at Washington. D. C
(Copyright 1919.)
You are going to see an inter
esting fight between the WILL
of one man and the plans of the
political party opposed to him.
A majority of the Senate un
doubtedly objects to the League
of Nations proposition as the
President offers it. The Presi
dent, returning, says, "I know
what the PEOPLE want. They
want this league, and I am going
i to sec to it that they HAVE it."
All treaties with other nations
must be ratified by the Senate,
or they do not stand. The Sen
ate CAN beat the President's plan
if it chooses. The question is will
it choose, or will the President's
will power win this fight as it
has won others?
New York's Women's Repub
lican Club has started a move
ment. The women want to make
dresses more respectable, more
modes. High skirts and low
waists, thev say, are a bad thing
for the world. In this very se
rious moment, "with Bolshevism
all about us," the ladies say that
women should set a good exam
ple. If those ladies will look at
gowns worn under the Directoire
and at other periods of revolu
tion and strife in history, they
will find that women nearly al
ways celebrate widespread tur
moil by making their clothes less
modest than usual. Why, nobody
Perhaps it Is because they were
tired of monotony, had to ex
press their feelings in' some way,
and not being allowed to vote,
did what they could through the
On the other hand, if Repub
lican ladies will read the history
of Sparta, they will be amazed to
learn that the most austere, virtuous-
government actually com
manded young women of that day
to dress in a fashion that would
shock even the most shockless of
our century.
Spartan girls, unmarried, wore
skirts that were open on the sides
to the top of bips, yet Sparta was
a moral country. What would the
republican ladies say to that?
Let them pray that the Bolshevism
all around us will not develop
any Spartan ideas.
Our fighting men in Europe did
some good advertising. To adver
tise well is to demonstrate the
fact that you have the goods and
can -deliver them. The army of
the United States demonstrated
its fighting power, ability to stand
punishment, and as President
Wilson said, "to go only in one
direction." Of 8,200 men in the
Fifty-third brigade Twenty
seventh division, from New York,
only 2,800 came out, after just
thirty days' fighting. Some one
will have to write a new "Charge
of the Light Brigade."
The men did not die in vain.
Everybody in Europe knows now
what was not known before: that
ihis is a country of fighting
young men, not merely of busi
ness men and "dollar getters," as
the European newspapers said.
The fighting and the dying of
American soldiers in Europe and
done there may do more even
ihan the League of Nations to
keep this country free from at
tack for generations to come.
The bribery scandal in the navy
is not surprising, considering the
hurry, the opportunity, the will
ingness to pay. Secretary Daniels,
who knows no favoritism, orders
the prosecution of the officers
that took bribes and civilians that
gave them. To find out exactly
what did happen, from beginning
to end. why not announce that
the man who comes in first and
tells the truth about bribery will
go free and the others go to jail?
This would bring a rush of in
formation. Carranza "pleads for friendship
between the United States and
Mexico." Good news. The United
States wants nothing more than
a chance to be friendly with Mex
ico, if Mexico will be friendly
with the United States and
with United States citizens who
happen to be in Mexico.
This country needs peace in
Mexico with safety for Ameri
cans who travel there and for
American property honestly ac
quired. Mexico needs many things from
the United States, money, ma
chinery, school teachers, books,
men to direct agency and au
thority. Mr. Carranza's offering of
friendship is welcome, whether
it be based on a change of heart
since the days when Mexico could
not bring herself to salute the
American flag, or whether it be
based on a realization of the
fact that a country with three
million men trained to fight,
and twenty thousand flying ma
chine engines ready built, might
be an ugly thing.
Thr proposition to make the
Government buy ships, including
some very rare, interesting, and
very ancient junk, is revived
once more.
Co sidering that the Govern
ment is selling ships that are
fcew, considering the further fact
that Government does not know
(Continued on Page 2, Column 4.)
LONDON, Feb. 27. The Bolslie
viki are planning a combined of
fensive on practically all fronts, it
is revealed in captured orders of
their supreme military commission,
a dispatch from Archangel reported
The attack is to start in the Arch
angel region and be extendedrapidly
to the western, southern, and east
ern fronts. Only the Murmansk and
Finnish fronts will be excluded from
the offensive, and preparations will
be made there for defensive fighting.
Allies Gaining.
While theee preparations are going
on the allies have successfully un
dertaken an offensive on the Mur
mansk front. ReDorts received from
iArchantrel todav Raid tho Allien hnrl
'advanced mor than twenty-sixTniieo
in that region, the Bolshevik! suffer
ing heavy casualties.
Other dispatches said the head of
the American Red Cross mission in
Russia, investigating alleged Bolsbe-
vik atrocities, had reported that the
Bolshevik! had massacred hundreds
of civilians. Ho is said to have cited
one instance in Perm of an officer's
shoulder straps being nailed to his
shoulders. There have been several j
cases, he said, of priests being muti- j
lated. The chief of the intelligence j
section of the American expedition-1
ary force in Russia is reported to
have satisfied himself that the Bol
shevik! have actually undertaken the
nationalization of women in several
All efforts being made by the State
Department to secure the release of
I an American citizen named Koloma-
tiano. condemned to death by the Bol
sheviki. are being met with demands
that either Thomas J. Mooney or Eu
gene V. Debs be exchanged for him.
American Consul Townsend, arrest
ed by the Bolsheviki some time ago,
will also be released, it is said, if
cither Debs or Mooney is pardoned.
On several occasions, according to
a statement by the State Department,
the Bolsheviki have threatened to ex
ecute Kolomatiano if they did not re
ceive a prompt answer from the Unit
ed States Government relative to the
proposed exchange of prisoners.
WARSAW, Feb 21 More
lllrin ,
2.000 Swiss citizens are held as hos
tages by the Bolsheviki and passports
are refused them, according to reports
brought by refugees, who say the Swiss
arc held at Moscow. The report Is
brought by three members of a Ger
man civilian commission that went to
Moscow in the interest of German pris
oners. LONDON, Feb. 1!7. Many persons
have been killed and wounded in HeJ
singfors in battles with Austro-Ger-man
war prisoners who were attempt
ing to carry out the soviet order to rid
the city of thousands of RusHian de
serters, according to word from t-'C
Finnish city today.
The possibility of a compromise of
the differences between House and
Senate over the District bill appeared
Senate conferees, at a meeting this
morning, proposed a compromise by
which the half-and-half system would
remain for another fiscal year.
In the meantime a joint commission
would inquire into the question of a new
system of fiscal relations between the
District and the Government and report
to Congress.
The House conferees took this under
advisement. Unless they accept this, or
abandon their opposition to the half-and-half
system, there will be no Dis
trict bill passed this session.
President "Wilson todaj nominated
A. Mitchell Palmer, present alien
rroperty custodian, as Attorney Gen
eral, succeeding Thomas W. Gregory,
whose resignation takes effect
March 4.
Palmer, whose home is at Strouds
burg. Pa., has been prominent In
Democratic politics for many years.
Hla "Work During "War.
During the war in his work as
al.en property custodian Palmer took
over enemy properties in the United
States amounting to approximately
$700,000,000 and administered 33,000
trusts. Palmer has been a member
of the Democratic National Commit
tee from Pennsylvania .since 1912,
having defeated Col. James M. Duf
fey in a bitter tight in that State
involving the election of delegates to
the Baltimoro convention.
; ill iifiiT no wn u rtiAs.ff.wi ... s.A
fmm tlif. Tnriinlv.cl.ll. r i
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aistrict ana served three terms. Pal
mer was the author of tin- original
i-eaeral child labor law which was
recently knocked out by the Supreme
Decline .lutlKxhip
In 1911 he was Democratic nominee
for the United States Senate from
Pennsylvania, but wa.s defeated by
senator 1'enrose. President Wilson
in 35)15, appointed him a judge of
mo united states court of Claims,
but Palmer declined the appointment.
In the spring of 1918 lie was offered an
appointment by Governor Brumbaugh of
Pcnnsjlvanla as associate justice of the
Pennsylvania supreme court, but refused
to leao his war work
Palmer graduated from Swarthmor$
College in 1891 and was admitted to
the bar in 1803.
A. Mitchell Palmer, alien piopcrty
custodian, will welcome a probe of
hiB bureau, he says in a statement
made public last night. Two Senate
resolutions demanding information as
to the conduct of his office during
the war have already been adopted.
Palmer asserts that when the fi
nal accounting Is made, it will bhow
he has handled about $700,000,000
worth of property at a cost to the
Government of not more than $1,
000,000. No trust company in the
world, he claims, has ever handled so
much business in so short a time
sixteen months at tuch a small ex
MESSINA. Italy, Feb. 27. Eighteen
towns between Tortorici and Castel
lumberto have been damaged and
scores of farms wiped out by land
slides resulting from heavy rains, ac
cording to advices received here today.
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President Wilson will go to
the Capitol immediately after
the parade to confer with Con
gressional leaders in his efforts
to force through several im
portant bills.
President Wilson's own interpreta
tion of the League of Nations con
stitution is before Congress today.
it was presented informally to
House and Senate members by the
Foreign Relations Committees of the
two bodies. They received it from
the President last night at a dinner
and conference at the White House.
It will be given more formally to
the Senate in speeches by Adminis
tration leaders. Absolute freedom
to make public every 'detail" of Jabt
night's conference explicitly was
given those attending it, they said
today. At the very outset the Presi
dent invited full, frank discussion
of the league by Congress and the
President's Position Plain.
The President's position on provis
ions on which debate has centered
was made plain in answer to qucs-
tions asked him by his guests, they
said today. The President did not
take up the league constitution ar
ticle by article and expound it, nor
did he make a speech. He invited
questions, and then answered them.
In view of the President's evident
desire that Congress and the people
get all possible information concern
ing the workings of the projected
league, those attending tho dinner
and conference talked freely today.
The President's interpretation, as
it appeared to tho committee mem
bers, is given herewith:
Monroe Doctrine.
The proposed league extends the Mon
roe Doctrine to the entire world, and
(Continued on Page 12, Second Section.)
Fire today destroyed the atoclt of
the Van Wlckle Piano Company, for
merly F. G. Smith Piano Company,
and gutted the building occupied as
sales and store rooms of this firm at
1"17 F street northwest.
The damage was estimated by
Deputy Chief Nicholson as $10,000 on
the stock and 5H5.000 on the build
ing. That the fire, after gaining
such headway before being discover
ed, did not spread to other stores in
the fashionable F street shopping
district is believed due to the prompt,
raising of the water tower v hlch
drenched tho buildings on either
side of the burning one.
The flames were discovered eating
their way up from the cellar about
1 o'clock this morning, and by the
time the firemen arrived the building
was a roaring mass of flames Two
more alarms were turned In.
Twelve engine companies, six trucks.
a fuel wagon and water tower re j
spnnded. The flames were brought i
under control after a two hour batt'e
directed by Chief Engineer Wagner.
According to Chief Wagner the lire
started in the cellar, probably in some
packing boes or other combustible
material and quickly ate its way up
to the roof. Water and smoke slight
ly damaged the buildings at 121fl and
3219, occupied by Dulin & Martin and
Topham's respectively.
Private John Gheen of No. 3 truck
company was painfully injured when
he fell from a ledge on the second
floor and landed astride an Iron stan
chion which supports the steel and
glass canopy over the sidewalk. He
was taken to the Emergency Hospital
In Chief Wagner's automobile.
He was later removed to hla home.
Betty Lchmann and Her Banner
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.Iudg Hardison, In Police Court to
day. will decide to what extent the
Reed bone-dry law might conflict, or
annul, the war-time proclamation of
President Wilson, prohibiting, ex
cept for personal use, whiskey and
other intoxicating liquors within five
miles of a military camp.
The decision will center about fifty-two
men and women, arrested, be
fore the Reed rider went Into effect,
for violation of the military zone
A motion to quash the charges was
made by Thomas I Jones and Royal
A. Hughs. attorneys for the defend
ants. They assert, in the motion,
that the two laws conflict and that,
with the signing of the Reed bone
dry rider bv President WilBon. the
' military zone regulation automati
j cally is lepealed, thus quashing the
charges against their clients. They
I ask for the immediate release of their
Judge Hardison tomorrow will try
thirteen cases of violation of the
bone-dry law. Two women and a man
were convicted yesterday. The women
were each sentenced. to six months in
jail, but later placed on probation.
Decision in the third case will be
given tomorrow. Several other de
fendants yesterday asked for jury
Practically all of the Belgian
refugees now in England about 150,
000 will be back in Belgium by the
end of March. th Belgian official bu
reau here was advised today.
This will be made possible, the ad
vice states, by the recent authorisa
tion of the minister of the British
merchant marine placing nt the dis
posal of Belgian refugees a large num
ber of British transports.
During January 25.000 Belgian ref
ugces were returned to their native
at once. PENN OIL CO.,
Rosslyn, Va
This ad appeared in The
Times three days and se
cured a very competent
man for the Penn Oil Co.
Phone The Times
Your Ads.
Main 5260.
Originator of the banner in
memory of the District boys
who were left behind onmEu
rope's battlefields. The banner,
shown above, is being carried
in the parade today.
As an aftermath to the big parade
this afternoon, official and resident
Washington will journey over to
Alexandria to sec the new giant steel
Htcamship, Gunston Hall, slide into
the Potomac from the ways of the
Virgin i Shipbuilding Corporation.
This t. bo the first launching of a
ship from the Virginia yard, and great
interest Is centered in the event.
The big ship, dressed from stem to
stern in colors. Is rady to take tho
waves at a signal. The launching ex
ercises will begin at 1 o'clock
Hurley To Spenk.
Edward N. Hurley, chairman of tht
Shipping Board, and Colin H. Living
stone, of Washington, president of
the Virginia Shipbuilding Corpora
tion, will be the chief speakers at
exercises following tho Inum hlng of
the ship.
Mr. Hurley, who. from his post In
1 Washington, has watched the bulld
' ing of the Gunston Hall and the de
j velopment of the Alexandria yard.
will speak on the future or tne Amer
ican merchant marine. Mr. Living
stone will tell of the important work
being done at the yard and how its
growth has augured great prospects
for shipbuilding and commerce on
the Potomac. Other speakers will be
Mrs. B. W. Morse, wife of the vice
president of the Virginia Shipbuilding
i Corporation, will christen the ship
I with the name given It by Mrs. Wood
1 row Wilson when the President drove
(Continued on Page 5, Column 6.)
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ANNAPOLIS, Md.. Feb. 27. Sheriff
Joseph H. Bellis was busy today dis
tributing small white slips of paper
tickets of admission which entitle
the holders to standing room in the
Jail here tomorrow morning at day
lighUwhen John Snowden, a negro,
is Kariged for tne murder, on August
6, 1917, of Mrs. Lottie May Brandon.
Only an eleventh-hour move on the
part of Governor Harrington of
Maryland or some high court can
save the negro.
"I am firmly convinced of Snowden'3
guilt, and you can appeal to me until
Doomsday for 'clemency and you will
not get it," the governor told friends
of Snowden. who sought to get com
mutation of his sentence or a reprive
of ninety days.
"1 wish that my lips were unsealed
and I could tell you all I, know, and
they will be unsealed if necessary,"
declared the governor. "I can go
further and astound the people of
Maryland about the work that has
been done in this case."
"Women Sought HepeaJ.
The recent fight for Snowden has
been directed by Mrs. W. Spencer Mur
ray, of Waterbury, Conn., and Mrs.
Grace Humiston, a woman lawyer,
of New York city.
Attorney Theodore Brady, who con
ducted Snowden's defense at Towson
a year ago and later carried appeils
to the higher couits. visited Snow
den for the last time yesterday.
"I have never In all my experience
I seen a man like Snowden." Mr. Brady
told a representative of The Wash
ington Times. "He appears cheerful
and happy and, when we talked of
the hanging Friday, he said:
" 'I shall certainly bo glad when it
is all over. Mr. Brady. I can hardly
wait for Friday to come.
Maintain He I Innocent.
"He still maintains that he is inno
nocent, and I told him that If he made
a statement to tell nothing but the
truth, to which ho replied. 'Oh. you
know I wan to tell the truth, as I al
ways have.' "
The gallows was tested yesterday and
was found to be In good working order.
Bags of sand were used to test the rope.
The drop was in perfect condition.
While a deputy was doing some nail
ing on the scaffold. Snowden. in his cell
near by safd:
"Every time that hammer hits a nail
it drives me Just that much near to
my God."
Tho deputy replied: "And if you are
not telling the truth, it is sending you
Just that much nearer the other place."
Money For Ilarial Rained.
For a timo it appeared there was
unlimited money to conduct the fight I
to keep Snowden from hanging, but
nono was offered for burying the body
until yesterday afternoon, when sev
eral negroes called on Sheriff Bellis I
and told bl mthe moneey had been 4
An army observation balloos,
piloted by Lieut. G. H. McMillan,
broke from its moorings today
passed rapidly over the city.
When the balloon landed nine
miles outside of the District the
pilot was not in the basket and
is supposed to have jumped, i&
his parachute.
Down a pathway of glory the boys
came home today came home
through a blaze of the proudest
colors injfc world, the red, white
I and bluetame home to the time of
eetestr3xrarotte1lrh":TEe ac
claim of their fellowmen.
A victorious column, a column
straight from the front-line trenches,
a column with the roar of cannon
still in their ears and the sights of
No Man's Land still in vivid mem
ory, they cleaved the civilian ranks
that formed thousands strong from
the Capitol to the "White House to
pay a grateful people's tribute to
men who valiantly fought and proud
ly won humanity's battles.
Had Unique Setting.
Other parades there will bo in other
cities to welcome other heroes, but
no other parade can have the setting
of this public demonstratioB to the
D. C. boys. No other parade can have
the honor of starting at the Nation's
Capitol and ending at the nation"
execution Mansion. No other similar
parade will have the distinction of
being led by the Commander-in-Chicr
of the Army and Navy. No other
parade can be more memorable. No
other parade can tread that same his
toric avenue down which came the men
Lincoln led to victory, and in a. later
day the men the Martyred McKinler
and the sorely missed Roosevelt com
manded in their turn.
And all that the war has meant to
all of us all that it haa mrjULTtt c
glory and sacrifice, in cheers and
tears, was encompassed In that seeth
ing roadway from the Capitol to tha
White House steDs: that roadwci-
which. flag bedecked and humanity
filled, contained something represen
tative of evcrythinc: that went tn
make victory possible and this longed
for day of "welcome home" a glorious
Fifteen Thousand Marchers.
Fifteen thousand strong came the
marchers with President Wilson leading
the way and swift circling aeroplane
guiding tho line of march from over.
head. If a city can be said to bo aliv.
the Capital was alive today, alive witfi
the shouts of greeting, alive with cokr,
alive with people and alive with tho very
Joy of living. Everything seemed to
sparkle and to radiate with the sunlight
that flooded the line of march, caught
the colors of banners, the gleam of jued
als and buttons and tho radiance that
lighted every countenance.
A Touch of Sadnea.
Just one note of sadness just cne
touch of sorrow in all that gay and
jubilant throng. It was the moment
when there came into view a huga
banner of virgin white a banner
that contained a single star of gold
a star for those boys who sleep (a
France, destined never to know tho
glory of marching home. Silent
becamo the voices, dim became the
eyes, and as if with one accord, tin
covered were the heads ot men and
bowed the heads of womn.
Later came the proudest dlvisfoa
of all that proud procession of maxoh
Ing men and women. It was 'h
group ot mothers and fathers of tHa
men who went across, some of thFtn
marching along with the glad knowl
edge that up in the vanguard, of the
lino u ere their sons, safe and' sound
and receiving a hero's tribute; some
a little saddened in remembering thct
a lad of theirs must leaapp & crutch
and watch tho parade, or fairto sa
lute the colors because of ' a sleeve
that hangs Jimp. .And others there
wrre who trudged along, rjoarage la
their eye. while on their breast was
pinned tht Jlttlo oldea star tasl

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