Newspaper Page Text
Cloady tonight and to
narrow. Probably rale.
"Warmer tomorrow. Tem
perature at 8 a. m.. 3?
dejr. Normal temp, for
Kelt. 27 for !at 30 rearm.
Sentiment Is Power.
A Chinese Christian.
Published every evninp f Inclndfnc 8undy)
Entered hs second ias matter, at the post
office at Washington, D. C.
WASHINGTON, FRIDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 28, 1919.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
By ARTHUR BRISBANE.
Write down on your tablets that
sentiment is power. When two
French brothers or old friends
meet, they embrace. For yeare
this has seemed funny to Eng
lishmen and Americans. Too much
sentiment, they thought.
Yesterday,, a French soldier,
twice wounded, sent his greatest
'treasure, his medal of war, to Cle
menceau. The soldier, withholding
his name, represents French senti
ment Oemenceau burst into tears
when ho read the soldier's letter.
He represented French sentiment.
Such sentiment won the war
Qemenceau wept when he read
the letter of the soldier, telling
him, "You deserve the war medal,
and so I send you mine." But the
same Clemenceau did not weep
when he was shot. In. spite of his
great age, he dashed from his car
at the would-be murderer.
The power of sentiment has
made France win her fights and
maintain her nationality for more
than a thousand years, with en
emies all around her. Men like
Clemenceau, who will weep in ad
miration of a simple soldier's kind
ness, and laugh at a bullet wound
in the lungs, are sure to win
, Have you theories about germs,
C for Instance, the notion that "the
' importance of germs Is much ex
j aggerated, largely Imaginary?" K
so, explain these PACTS. They
? had the Spanish influenza at Nome
$ In Alaska. White people listened
5 to warnings about germs and were
't careful. Only thirty-four of them
.. died. Natives did not worry about
the influenza. They took "mental
treatment," as it were. And ONE
THOUSAND of them died.
Of course, it was not merely the
i indifference of the natives that
5 made them die. All natives, every-
where, brought suddenly into cop
c tact with a "germ disease," die
rapidly, Jjr instance, ordinary
aeasIas-tees3dns,oat among Alas
ian natives will kill nearly all of
them, without .seriously Injuring
This is because the white cor
puscles or leucocytes In the blood
of white people have been edu
cated to fight disease germs
through coming in contact with
them for centuries. The savage
leucocytes are ignorant, like the
men in whose veins and arteries
they live. They don't know what
to do with the germ when it comes.
Wonderful is education. Even
the white corpuscles in your blood
must have it, to protect you from
revolutionary diseases, just as the
people of a nation must be edu
cated to protect thpmselves from
Those who wonder how much
ateel we export to Europe will be
interested in this. An entire fac
tory, including three hundred and
thirty-four thousand pounds of
machinery, especially built, has
been shipped from Chicago to
Italy. It will be used there to
make steel poles for telegraph
wires. The whole of Europe has
specialized for four years in steel
and iron production. They will
make what they need and sell to
us if we let them. This country
will require a heavy tariff on steel
and iron, if wages are to stay near
where they are now.
Two clergymen are arrested In
Massachusetts. They had been
acting as leaders of strikers in the
textile mills, and are accused of
assault and "loitering."
WHY is everybody surprised
"when Christian ministers put
themselves at the head of com
Look back nineteen hundred
years and you find One preaching
Christianity causing serious dis
turbances, and making "assaults"
on the local financiers, "the money
Everybody knows what happen
ed to the founder of Christianity,
when the conservative Roman
government got him. Conservatism
seems unable to endure one thing,
which is the sight of a clergyman
actually taking seriously the teach
ings of Christianity as regards the
A clergyman neatly laundered
advising the poor to be patient
and wait for their reward in
Heaven Is highly applauded, never
arrested. A clergyman leading
workers In the effort to get what
, they call "justice" is locked up.
"Which of the two would the
founder of Christianity lock up, if
He were the Judge on the bench?
Vice President Ordered the Galleries Cleared of Disturbers
Senators Objected to the Ruling and Order Was Withdrawn
WAY TO DEATH
ANNAPOLIS, Md, Feb. 2S. John
Snowden, the negro convicted of the
murder of Mrs. Lottie May Brandon
here on August. S, 1917, paid the
penalty on the gallows here today.
He went to his death with a smile,
protesting that he was innocent.
"I'm as innocent as a newborn
babe," Snowden told jail guards
"All Is clear," Snowden told the
Rev. Ben Holt, a colored Annapolis
minister, who asked him as he walk
ed to the scaffold if there was any
thing further he wished to say.
Prepares For Death.
A6:45 o'clock Sheriff Joseph Bellisf
and deputies -went to the condemned
man's cell to prepare him. for the
With a firm step, Snowden walked
through the corridor, down a wind
in? stairway and in a loud clear
voice say "I'm a child of the King-."
There followed the "Pinging Band"
of five colored men a. l two colored
women. They joined in singing- the
song. For several days this band
has spent much time in jail with
Snowden, singing and praying.
At 6:55 o'clock Snowden mounted
the scaffold, the black cap was placed
about his head and two minutes later
the trap had been sprung.
Nineteen minutes later Dr. J. J.
(Continued on Page 6. Column 6.)
ES IL S. PAY
Speaker Clark today appointed the
House members of thf joint commis
sion which is to conduct the investi
gation of the salaries of Government
employes through tho spring and
summer and make a report to the new
Congress at the regular session, be
ginning In December
The appointee? ar Congressman
Hamlin, of Missouri. Keating of Colo
rado, and Cooper of Wisconsin. Their
terms will expire March 4. but in sphc
of this fact, they have been put on
Government employes made it
known recently that they preferred
active members of the new Congress.
However, the gentlemen appointd by
Speaker Clark are regarded as sympa
thetic with the idea of fair pay for
The joint committee to investigate
salaries is provided for in the legis
lative bill, which has recently passed
WOMAN WITHDRAWS FROM
CHICAGO MAYORALTY RACE
CHICAGO. Feb. 28 Mrs Le nnra
Meder. Chicagos flm woman candi
date for mayor, has withdrawn from
the race. In a statement pledging
her support to Robert Sweitzer, Demo
cratic candidate, she declared that as
"a loyal Democrat. I want a Democrat
as Chicago's next mayor"
WANTED Two or three unfur
nished rooms, near navy yard; 1 o
children, young couple. 1107 South
Carolina avc S. K Line. 477b.
"I had over fifteen
replies to my ad in
"Mrs. A. M. Venable."
If you want desirable
living: quarters, phone
The Times an ad.
RED 'CONJURE BAG'
When the President arose
to make his statement to
his Congressional guests
on "Wednesday night, he
accidentally pulled from
his pocket a bit of red
cloth, which fell to the
He explained that he
had dropped his conjure
bag, used for the rheuma
tism and for other pur
poses. He laughed and the
crowd laughed with him.
This put the entire audi
ence in a fine frame of
mind for the conference.
11 FIGHT FO
A meeting of protest against the
action of the Mt. Vernon and Marshall
Hall Steamboat Company in refusing
to refund a portion of the fare of
passengers on the Charles Macalcster,
which arrived too late to view the
launching of the "Gunston Hall" at
Alexandria yesterday, was held today
in the Builders' and Manufacturers
Exchange, 711 Thirteenth street
Plans for action to recover their
fare were discussed by the passen
gers, who declare that it is a mat
ter of principle, which has prompted
them in their action. The meeting
was adjourned until a week from to
day. When the steamboat returned to
Washington, passengers say that
they asked the company to give a
portion of the money taken in on the
trip to the recreation fund at the
Walter Reed Hospital.
The management, the passengers
state, refused to give back any por
tion ot the fare or promise a contri
bution to the Walter Reed Hospital
"It cannot be denied that the work
ers brought to Washington by the
war have been long-surering to a re
markable degree, but there is a lim
it," said C. E. Rabbitt. 1G04 Third
street northwest, who was one of the
"The officials of the company are
not in the office, but they have stated
in response to all protests that it is
not their , intention to relund the
money," i-aid an employe of the Mt.
Vernon Steamboat Company today.
Cieneial Pershing is not guilty of
insubordination, as inferred in the
charge of Congressman Royal C. John
son, in the House, that the command-er-in
chief of the A. E F , declined
to obey an order to send court-martial
cafees here for review. General order
84, to which Mr. Johnson referred,
was issued September IS, 191S, and di
rected General Pershing to send
court-martial cases to the judge advo
cate general, in France, not Washing
ton, for review. There is nothing in
the War Department records. It ivns
declared, to indicate that General
Pershing had not obeyed that order.
Johnson charged that among tho
cases, which, according to bis belief.
General Pershing had not submitted
to review, were those of ix men sen
tenced to death. At the War Depart
ment, it is presumed that, following
his Instructions, General Pershing in
cluded the six cases in those sent the
ror renew i
DENY GEN.PERSH NG
Progressive Republicans will meet
within a few days to consider whom
they will back lor the Presidency in
1920, Senator Kenyon of Iowa an
House and Senate progressives,
with a few leading progressives not
in Congress, wilf attend the meeting.
(The time and place have not yet
jbeen decided on definitely. The gath
ering, however, probably will be soon
after the adjournment of Congress,
and is likely to be held either in Chi
cago or Washington, Kenyon said.
To Formulate Program.
In addition to discussing what man
they shall get behind foe he MKgU
camDaitrn. nroirrescive vl) fnrmnito I
a program of legislation upon which
they -will seek action in the coming
Congress, it was stated.
Political gossip has named Senators
Borah and Hiram Johnson as possi
bilities for the regular Republican
nomination In 1020. Both are pro
gressives, leaders of the little group
in the Senate which holds the balance
of power In organizing that body for
the next session.
"The progressive meeting will dis
prove for ail time the charge that
jealousy of each other exlt3 in tho
progressive ranks," said Kenyon to
day. "It will be shown that
any one of the progressiva
leaders is ready and willing
(Continued on Page 3, Column 0 )
D.C. BILL'S PASSAGE
Prospects for the pastage of 'hh
District appropriation bill at this ses
sion did not look bright at the Capi
Unless the House conferees, led bv
Congressman Sisson, give way in their
opposition to the half-and-half sys
tem or assent to the Senate compro
mise plan to let that system remain
for the next fiscal year and have a
commission study a plan for a new
system, the bill will be one of the
measures to go over to the new Con
gress The unwillingness of tho House
conferees to yield on the half-and-hair
was brought out in discussion on the
floor in which Minority Leader Mann
criticised the House conferees for in
sisting on abolition of Mie half-and-half
at the expense of defeating the
bill this session.
Anticipating the failure of thn Dis
trict bill. Mr. Sisson offered and the
House adopted an amendment to t'.ie
deficiency hill, giving the District
Commissioners authority to djust.
the contract for collection of ashes
or collect the ashes
VICTOR! LOAN BILL
President Wilson, today won the urst
round of his battle with the Senate over
the question of an immediate extrra ses
sion, when the Victory Loan Bill was
favorably reported to the Senate by the
finance committee, authorizing the Sec
retary of the Treasury to issue short
term notes up to $7,000,000,000.
An effort was made by Chairman
Simmons to report the bill yesterday, but
It was blocked by Senator Jones, of
Washington, who wanted it amended,
and who announced he would "talk at
great length" upon the measure if ne
ccessary. .Apparently tills threat of a
filibuster was. overcome by the Presi
dent's visit to the Capitol yesterday,
when he took no pains to conceal his
decision that an extra session will not
be called at once, and that if supply
bills are held up, the Republicans who
hrtlH lham tin Ytrlll Ha nAtm(ltn4 kn
the burden of objection the country
wonin h tDtd to make.
. . P. N
CHANCES POOR FOR
GETTING READY FOR
: fljl5jSjS I
SENATOR KENYON OF IOWA,
"Who announces that Progressive
Republicans will meet in
few- days to select
their candidate. ...
:' " ' : v ' :-v '
. R. RETURN
It is the desire of President Wilson
that there shall be no sudden relin
quishment of the railroads of the
country from Federal control. Director
lOeneral of Railways Walker D. Hlnn
',.,. im. or
I uwaa,kA . 0.4.1V1 UUUIl,
nine., i.uu a cunteronco with the .
PrHslU. i.i Him night, and it was then
that tho President announced his pur
pose to tins rnd to Hinos
TO ALL BUT PLANES
BERLIN. Feb. :!(! f delayed . Thi
German government was practically
isolated in Weimar today. The only
method of communication was by air
Dispatches from Berlin yesterday
said that communication between that
city and Weimar had been interrupt
ed because of the Spartacan revo
lution. GERMAN CABINET VOTES
TO SUPPRESS REVOLT;
ULTIMATUM TO SOVIET
ZURICH. Ib. J's. -The German
cabinet following a three-hour ses
sion decided to take the moM ener
getic measures to suppress the revo
lution, according to dispatches from
Berlin today. It was also reported
that an ultimatum was bent to tho
"illegal soviet government'' at Mun
ich. The situation in central Germany
wa nnid in ho irrnvvltit wnrn A
ntnte of sieire has heen timd-aimerf !
at Aischaffenburg. The physicians
in Leipzig were reported to have
gone on strike. The government of
ficials in Bochum, Heme, Gelsen
kirch and Dortmund have formed an
"army of general security," numbering
16,000 to oppose the Spartacans. There
were some reports, however, that the
strike in the Ruhr district is disin
tegrating, and that only 15.000 work
men are remaining idle.
Unconfirmed reports were received
that Spartacans in Berlin staged
demonstrations. In Wilhelmstrasse,
tho Reichsbank. and other points
Tuesday, whilo shots were exchanged.
Several telephone lines were said to
have been cut.
The soviet congress in Munich is
understood to have decided to create
a provisional central -council, which
will be instructed to form a ministry.
The Landtag will he convoked later
TO SAIL FOR
President Wilson will sail for
France on the George Washington
next Wednesday morning, it was of
ficially announced today.
On his return journ;- to resume
his duties at the peace conference
the President will be accompanied
again by Mrs. Wilson, Admiral Gray
son, and other members of his im
mediate party who made the original
To Capitol Tuesday.
The President will go the Capitol to
sign whatever bills arc necessary next
Tuesday morning. At -noon, the, pres
ent Congress will end. TbU was an
r.ouncedat the White House today in
the President's program jus prior W,
the start of his trip back to Europe.
Tuesday night he will speak at the
Metropolitan Opera House in New
lork In a final appeal to the country
lor support of the league of nations.
From the opera house he will go d"
rectly to the George Washington,
spending the night aboard the vessel
which sails tho next morning.
En route to New York Tuesday he
will stop off for an hour or so in Phil
adelphia to visit his daughter, Mrs.
Francis Sayre, and greet his latest
grandson, Woodrow Wilson Sayre.
Detail of Trip.
Details of the President':; return
trip to Paris wefj announce-! at the
White House today. . The Presiarnt
will leave Washington immediately
after the adjournment of Congrcsi on
a special train for New York, having
luncheon and dinner on the train and
stopping only at Philadelphia. The
party will arrive in New York about
!8:30 Tuesday evening, going directly
'Vh, ' 1? .n xfr wn, .n
The President and Mrs. Wilson will
. -.. l. m j. t- 1 -. At I
""!," "2X " - A.. . r
JT'3 rcau"""! """" l"c r .1 u
vising uuucraLUUU uiai auuiuur uue
home haa been secured for them.
A banner proposed as the flag for
t,le League of Nations will be seen in
Washington this afternoon in a one
The flag has a blue field with a
sprinkling of white stars. Next to
the staff are placed all the colors of
the rainbow, the spectrum connected
with a white band, denoting peace
around a brown globe. Indicating the
The Rev. Dr. J. W. Van Kirk, a re
tired minister, former pastor of the
Grace Methodist Episcopal Church, of
Youngstown, Ohio, is the designer
and will be the only man in the pa
rade. Dr. Van KirkV march will be made
between the hours of 1 and 5 o'clock.
The route will be on Pennsylvania
t avenue from Seventeenth street
northwest to First street, east to B
street, north to First street, west to
Pennsylvania avenue northwest.
Major Pullman lias issued Dr. Van
Kirk a permit to stage the one-man
parade, which will be the second of
its kind in the history of Washing
ton. The first was held several years
aco when a Confederate veteran pa
raded the streets of the National
Capital on the fiftieth anniversary of
his participation in the Civil war.
President Wilson received one of
the flags from Dr. Van Kirk, at the
White House today.
SENATE WILL NAME
The Senate today adopted Senator
Kenyon's resolution providing for a
commission to devise plan for a na
tional budget sytem
D FLAG IN
N-MAN PA AD
BOARD F BUDGET
TAFT ON PROGRAM
ATLANTA, Ga., Feb. 28.
William Howard Taft,
immediately upon his ar
rival here today, an
nounced that he has ac
cepted the invitation to
speak on the same plat
form with President Wil
son on the subject of the
League of -Nations at the
Metropolitan Opera House,
New York, next Tuesday
In an interview Taft
characterized the League
of Nations as "the great
est international move
ment since the United
States became the United
He said that he believed
itwaa- up. to the' United'
States to forego its poucy
of "splendid isolation"
and become a member of
the "family of nations."
THIRD TERM IS
Will President Wilson permit the
use of his name as a candidate for
a third term?
That was expected to be one of the
important topics at the White House
today when members of the Demo
cratic National Committee gathered
for luncheon with the President.
During the meeting of the committee,
at which Homer S. Cummlngs was
named chairman, there was much dis
cussion as to Presidential candidates,
of course, and there has been a per
sistent demand to know if the President
would permit the use of his name.
Some of the members of the commit
tee, it is known, were inclined to
tut the question to the President
direct, for the reason they feel the
ground work of the 1020 campaign
would be simplified were the answer
Another matter the President was
expected to discuss with the commit
teemen is the apparent deadlock he
has reached with the Senate over the
urgent supply bills, including the Lib
erty Loan measure, and the question
as to the date of the extra session.
He also is expected to discuss with
them their impressions as to the
country's position on the League ot
Nations, and it was regarded as prob
able he would ask them to sound out
public opinion in their various States
as to how the voters view what he
regards as his biggest achievement
He will lay before them his view
that "It is the League of Nations, or
more war." and advise them as to
the arguments in favor of immediate
public support for the plan.
VAN LOAN IMPROVING,
BUT NOT OUT OF DANGER
PHILADELPHIA. Feb. 2S. Charles
E. Van Loan, noted author, sutfering
from chronic nephritis In a local hos
pital, showed a marked Improvement
today, although not yet out of danger.
according to those close to the
PIEZ WILL QUIT FLEET
CORPORATION POST MAY 1
PHILADELPHIA, Feb. 28 Charles
Plez. director general of the Emer-
pniv irif OnmAMtlnn innnnnMil
todav h will resign that office May 1
Under the league of nation,
President Wilson believes the t
Irish question will be a domestic
issue not subject to the juris
diction of the league, Senates
Hitchcock announced on the Sea
ate floor this afternoon.
President Wilson's league of na
tions covenant calls the Americas.
people away from Washington's doc
trines to those of Trotsky, Senator
ixwge, .Republican leader, asserted
in a speech to the Senate today.
Lodge's speech attracted the great
estudfence that has yet turned owe
hear discussion of the Toafiiwk
Sfcasands were turned awav irmrL "
Senate-galleries, and thousands mora
pacKCts tne- corridors awaitrasr as.
opportunity to get in. All the raT-
leries were filled even to standing
Orders Galleries Cleared.
For the. first time within the mem
ory of the oldest Senate attendant,
the Vice President ordered the Senat.
srallerles cleared, during Senatotf
Senator Lodge was saying- Iwt
thought It would be a "a little hard
on residents of the border if they
were compelled to wait three month-
before doing- anything about a. raid
by Mexican bandits.
"That is thrpn mnntfca -.. .v.
award. Senator Reed pat in. "and the
award may not be made for thirty
years after the offense."
"No," Lodge reDlied. "It -ii.i
a reasonable yme."
"Oh. yes." Reed grunted expressive'
Iy, and the galleries laughed.
oenaiors protested in chorus whea.
the Vice President- nntami .. , .
The largest crowd that has nile&
them since the league of nations de
bate began had turned out.
"Very well." the Vice President
answered, "if the Senate doesn't want
Its rules enforced, I shan't enforce
Criticism of the proposed consti
tution. Lodge said, does not extend
to all plans for a league of nations.
All Anxious jor Peace.
"Everybody hates war and long's te
make it impossible," said Lodge. "We
ought to lay aside once and for all
the evil suggestion that hecaus mn
may differ as to the best methoa of
assuring the world's peace In tha fu
ture, anyone Is against nermam-
peace ir it can be obtained amos;
all the nations of mankind.
"I will follow any man and vote
for any measures which in my honest
opinion will make for the mainte
nance of the world's peace' I wjli
follow no man and vnta f- . ,."
...ui-i. . :-" "' :
u'w wu icu. However wit mltflvM
seem in my best judgment p imI t. '
dissensions rathpr t .- t -........- - 1
among the nations, c " rfLlpJr
or injustice to my ow. atry-'"
Lodge said that. In a su ter so vita
to all the world, there should be m
tossy meanings, no need for explana
tions. The agreement, he said, "must
be so plain and so explicit that no
man can misunderstand It."
Sees Future Disputes..
"In the draft prepared for a con
stitution of a League of Nations,
there is hardly a clause about the
interpretation of which men do not
already differ. As It stands there is
danger that the very nations which
sign the constitution of the leasru
will quarrel aboutthe meaning of
tne various articles within a twelve
month period. It seems to have been
very hastily drafted, and the result:
Is cruTIeness and looseness of expres
sion. "I DreSS this nnint hrr-aimo tnn r.
not found world peace upon the cynical
'scrap of paper doctrine so dear tt
Germany. There Is nothing so vital
to tho peace of the world as the
sanctity of treaties. To whatever in
strument the United States agrees, l:
must carry out the provisions of that
instrument to the last jot and tittle;
therefore the language In which the
terms are stated must be as exact
and precise, and as free from any
Continued on Paste 3, Column 1.)