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Today WEATHER: Cloady tonight and to narrow. Probably rale. "Warmer tomorrow. Tem perature at 8 a. m.. 3? dejr. Normal temp, for Kelt. 27 for !at 30 rearm. 38 degree. INAL EDITION I Clergymen Arrested. Sentiment Is Power. A Chinese Christian. Educated Corpuscles. NUMBER 11,089. Published every evninp f Inclndfnc 8undy) Entered hs second ias matter, at the post office at Washington, D. C. WASHINGTON, FRIDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 28, 1919. PRICE TWO CENTS. By ARTHUR BRISBANE. (Copyright I91S.) Write down on your tablets that sentiment is power. When two French brothers or old friends meet, they embrace. For yeare this has seemed funny to Eng lishmen and Americans. Too much sentiment, they thought. Yesterday,, a French soldier, twice wounded, sent his greatest 'treasure, his medal of war, to Cle menceau. The soldier, withholding his name, represents French senti ment Oemenceau burst into tears when ho read the soldier's letter. He represented French sentiment. Such sentiment won the war against Germany. Qemenceau wept when he read the letter of the soldier, telling him, "You deserve the war medal, and so I send you mine." But the same Clemenceau did not weep when he was shot. In. spite of his great age, he dashed from his car at the would-be murderer. The power of sentiment has made France win her fights and maintain her nationality for more than a thousand years, with en emies all around her. Men like Clemenceau, who will weep in ad miration of a simple soldier's kind ness, and laugh at a bullet wound in the lungs, are sure to win THEIR BATTLES. , Have you theories about germs, C for Instance, the notion that "the ' importance of germs Is much ex j aggerated, largely Imaginary?" K so, explain these PACTS. They ? had the Spanish influenza at Nome $ In Alaska. White people listened 5 to warnings about germs and were 't careful. Only thirty-four of them .. died. Natives did not worry about the influenza. They took "mental treatment," as it were. And ONE THOUSAND of them died. Of course, it was not merely the i indifference of the natives that 5 made them die. All natives, every- where, brought suddenly into cop c tact with a "germ disease," die rapidly, Jjr instance, ordinary aeasIas-tees3dns,oat among Alas ian natives will kill nearly all of them, without .seriously Injuring whites. This is because the white cor puscles or leucocytes In the blood of white people have been edu cated to fight disease germs through coming in contact with them for centuries. The savage leucocytes are ignorant, like the men in whose veins and arteries they live. They don't know what to do with the germ when it comes. Wonderful is education. Even the white corpuscles in your blood must have it, to protect you from revolutionary diseases, just as the people of a nation must be edu cated to protect thpmselves from revolutionary outbreaks. Those who wonder how much ateel we export to Europe will be interested in this. An entire fac tory, including three hundred and thirty-four thousand pounds of machinery, especially built, has been shipped from Chicago to Italy. It will be used there to make steel poles for telegraph wires. The whole of Europe has specialized for four years in steel and iron production. They will make what they need and sell to us if we let them. This country will require a heavy tariff on steel and iron, if wages are to stay near where they are now. Two clergymen are arrested In Massachusetts. They had been acting as leaders of strikers in the textile mills, and are accused of assault and "loitering." WHY is everybody surprised "when Christian ministers put themselves at the head of com plaining workmen? Look back nineteen hundred years and you find One preaching Christianity causing serious dis turbances, and making "assaults" on the local financiers, "the money changers." Everybody knows what happen ed to the founder of Christianity, when the conservative Roman government got him. Conservatism seems unable to endure one thing, which is the sight of a clergyman actually taking seriously the teach ings of Christianity as regards the poor. A clergyman neatly laundered advising the poor to be patient and wait for their reward in Heaven Is highly applauded, never arrested. A clergyman leading workers In the effort to get what , they call "justice" is locked up. "Which of the two would the founder of Christianity lock up, if He were the Judge on the bench? LODG Vice President Ordered the Galleries Cleared of Disturbers Senators Objected to the Ruling and Order Was Withdrawn SNQWDEN ON WAY TO DEATH PROTESTS H E I ANNAPOLIS, Md, Feb. 2S. John Snowden, the negro convicted of the murder of Mrs. Lottie May Brandon here on August. S, 1917, paid the penalty on the gallows here today. He went to his death with a smile, protesting that he was innocent. "I'm as innocent as a newborn babe," Snowden told jail guards early today. "All Is clear," Snowden told the Rev. Ben Holt, a colored Annapolis minister, who asked him as he walk ed to the scaffold if there was any thing further he wished to say. Prepares For Death. A6:45 o'clock Sheriff Joseph Bellisf and deputies -went to the condemned man's cell to prepare him. for the scaffold. With a firm step, Snowden walked through the corridor, down a wind in? stairway and in a loud clear voice say "I'm a child of the King-." There followed the "Pinging Band" of five colored men a. l two colored women. They joined in singing- the song. For several days this band has spent much time in jail with Snowden, singing and praying. At 6:55 o'clock Snowden mounted the scaffold, the black cap was placed about his head and two minutes later the trap had been sprung. Nineteen minutes later Dr. J. J. (Continued on Page 6. Column 6.) ES IL S. PAY Speaker Clark today appointed the House members of thf joint commis sion which is to conduct the investi gation of the salaries of Government employes through tho spring and summer and make a report to the new Congress at the regular session, be ginning In December The appointee? ar Congressman Hamlin, of Missouri. Keating of Colo rado, and Cooper of Wisconsin. Their terms will expire March 4. but in sphc of this fact, they have been put on the commission. Government employes made it known recently that they preferred active members of the new Congress. However, the gentlemen appointd by Speaker Clark are regarded as sympa thetic with the idea of fair pay for Government employes. The joint committee to investigate salaries is provided for in the legis lative bill, which has recently passed both houses. WOMAN WITHDRAWS FROM CHICAGO MAYORALTY RACE CHICAGO. Feb. 28 Mrs Le nnra Meder. Chicagos flm woman candi date for mayor, has withdrawn from the race. In a statement pledging her support to Robert Sweitzer, Demo cratic candidate, she declared that as "a loyal Democrat. I want a Democrat as Chicago's next mayor" s WANTED ROOMS WANTED Two or three unfur nished rooms, near navy yard; 1 o children, young couple. 1107 South Carolina avc S. K Line. 477b. 1-17 "I had over fifteen replies to my ad in The Times. "Mrs. A. M. Venable." If you want desirable living: quarters, phone The Times an ad. Main 5260. S 1 NCE NAM INQUIRY BOARD RED 'CONJURE BAG' PRESIDENT'S JINX FOR RHEUMATISM When the President arose to make his statement to his Congressional guests on "Wednesday night, he accidentally pulled from his pocket a bit of red cloth, which fell to the floor. He explained that he had dropped his conjure bag, used for the rheuma tism and for other pur poses. He laughed and the crowd laughed with him. This put the entire audi ence in a fine frame of mind for the conference. 11 FIGHT FO -RETURN A meeting of protest against the action of the Mt. Vernon and Marshall Hall Steamboat Company in refusing to refund a portion of the fare of passengers on the Charles Macalcster, which arrived too late to view the launching of the "Gunston Hall" at Alexandria yesterday, was held today in the Builders' and Manufacturers Exchange, 711 Thirteenth street northwest. Plans for action to recover their fare were discussed by the passen gers, who declare that it is a mat ter of principle, which has prompted them in their action. The meeting was adjourned until a week from to day. When the steamboat returned to Washington, passengers say that they asked the company to give a portion of the money taken in on the trip to the recreation fund at the Walter Reed Hospital. The management, the passengers state, refused to give back any por tion ot the fare or promise a contri bution to the Walter Reed Hospital recreation fund. "It cannot be denied that the work ers brought to Washington by the war have been long-surering to a re markable degree, but there is a lim it," said C. E. Rabbitt. 1G04 Third street northwest, who was one of the passengers, today. "The officials of the company are not in the office, but they have stated in response to all protests that it is not their , intention to relund the money," i-aid an employe of the Mt. Vernon Steamboat Company today. Cieneial Pershing is not guilty of insubordination, as inferred in the charge of Congressman Royal C. John son, in the House, that the command-er-in chief of the A. E F , declined to obey an order to send court-martial cafees here for review. General order 84, to which Mr. Johnson referred, was issued September IS, 191S, and di rected General Pershing to send court-martial cases to the judge advo cate general, in France, not Washing ton, for review. There is nothing in the War Department records. It ivns declared, to indicate that General Pershing had not obeyed that order. Johnson charged that among tho cases, which, according to bis belief. General Pershing had not submitted to review, were those of ix men sen tenced to death. At the War Depart ment, it is presumed that, following his Instructions, General Pershing in cluded the six cases in those sent the ror renew i BOAT A DENY GEN.PERSH NG DISOBEYED ORDERS ATTACK PROGRESSIVE PICK 1920 CANDIDATE Progressive Republicans will meet within a few days to consider whom they will back lor the Presidency in 1920, Senator Kenyon of Iowa an nounced today. House and Senate progressives, with a few leading progressives not in Congress, wilf attend the meeting. (The time and place have not yet jbeen decided on definitely. The gath ering, however, probably will be soon after the adjournment of Congress, and is likely to be held either in Chi cago or Washington, Kenyon said. To Formulate Program. In addition to discussing what man they shall get behind foe he MKgU camDaitrn. nroirrescive vl) fnrmnito I a program of legislation upon which they -will seek action in the coming Congress, it was stated. Political gossip has named Senators Borah and Hiram Johnson as possi bilities for the regular Republican nomination In 1020. Both are pro gressives, leaders of the little group in the Senate which holds the balance of power In organizing that body for the next session. "The progressive meeting will dis prove for ail time the charge that jealousy of each other exlt3 in tho progressive ranks," said Kenyon to day. "It will be shown that any one of the progressiva leaders is ready and willing (Continued on Page 3, Column 0 ) D.C. BILL'S PASSAGE Prospects for the pastage of 'hh District appropriation bill at this ses sion did not look bright at the Capi tol today. Unless the House conferees, led bv Congressman Sisson, give way in their opposition to the half-and-half sys tem or assent to the Senate compro mise plan to let that system remain for the next fiscal year and have a commission study a plan for a new system, the bill will be one of the measures to go over to the new Con gress The unwillingness of tho House conferees to yield on the half-and-hair was brought out in discussion on the floor in which Minority Leader Mann criticised the House conferees for in sisting on abolition of Mie half-and-half at the expense of defeating the bill this session. Anticipating the failure of thn Dis trict bill. Mr. Sisson offered and the House adopted an amendment to t'.ie deficiency hill, giving the District Commissioners authority to djust. the contract for collection of ashes or collect the ashes VICTOR! LOAN BILL President Wilson, today won the urst round of his battle with the Senate over the question of an immediate extrra ses sion, when the Victory Loan Bill was favorably reported to the Senate by the finance committee, authorizing the Sec retary of the Treasury to issue short term notes up to $7,000,000,000. An effort was made by Chairman Simmons to report the bill yesterday, but It was blocked by Senator Jones, of Washington, who wanted it amended, and who announced he would "talk at great length" upon the measure if ne ccessary. .Apparently tills threat of a filibuster was. overcome by the Presi dent's visit to the Capitol yesterday, when he took no pains to conceal his decision that an extra session will not be called at once, and that if supply bills are held up, the Republicans who hrtlH lham tin Ytrlll Ha nAtm(ltn4 kn the burden of objection the country wonin h tDtd to make. . . P. N CHANCES POOR FOR SENATE APPROVES GETTING READY FOR 1920 CAMPAIGN : fljl5jSjS I 1 AHHHfiiH SENATOR KENYON OF IOWA, "Who announces that Progressive Republicans will meet in few- days to select their candidate. ... :' " ' : v ' :-v ' ESIDENT IS AG1STQ1K . R. RETURN It is the desire of President Wilson that there shall be no sudden relin quishment of the railroads of the country from Federal control. Director lOeneral of Railways Walker D. Hlnn ',.,. im. or I uwaa,kA . 0.4.1V1 UUUIl, nine., i.uu a cunteronco with the . PrHslU. i.i Him night, and it was then that tho President announced his pur pose to tins rnd to Hinos TO ALL BUT PLANES BERLIN. Feb. :!(! f delayed . Thi German government was practically isolated in Weimar today. The only method of communication was by air plane. Dispatches from Berlin yesterday said that communication between that city and Weimar had been interrupt ed because of the Spartacan revo lution. GERMAN CABINET VOTES TO SUPPRESS REVOLT; ULTIMATUM TO SOVIET ZURICH. Ib. J's. -The German cabinet following a three-hour ses sion decided to take the moM ener getic measures to suppress the revo lution, according to dispatches from Berlin today. It was also reported that an ultimatum was bent to tho "illegal soviet government'' at Mun ich. The situation in central Germany wa nnid in ho irrnvvltit wnrn A ntnte of sieire has heen timd-aimerf ! at Aischaffenburg. The physicians in Leipzig were reported to have gone on strike. The government of ficials in Bochum, Heme, Gelsen kirch and Dortmund have formed an "army of general security," numbering 16,000 to oppose the Spartacans. There were some reports, however, that the strike in the Ruhr district is disin tegrating, and that only 15.000 work men are remaining idle. Unconfirmed reports were received that Spartacans in Berlin staged demonstrations. In Wilhelmstrasse, tho Reichsbank. and other points Tuesday, whilo shots were exchanged. Several telephone lines were said to have been cut. The soviet congress in Munich is understood to have decided to create a provisional central -council, which will be instructed to form a ministry. The Landtag will he convoked later n mm PRESIDENT IS TO SAIL FOR FRANCE NEXT WEDNESDAY President Wilson will sail for France on the George Washington next Wednesday morning, it was of ficially announced today. On his return journ;- to resume his duties at the peace conference the President will be accompanied again by Mrs. Wilson, Admiral Gray son, and other members of his im mediate party who made the original trip. To Capitol Tuesday. The President will go the Capitol to sign whatever bills arc necessary next Tuesday morning. At -noon, the, pres ent Congress will end. TbU was an r.ouncedat the White House today in the President's program jus prior W, the start of his trip back to Europe. Tuesday night he will speak at the Metropolitan Opera House in New lork In a final appeal to the country lor support of the league of nations. From the opera house he will go d" rectly to the George Washington, spending the night aboard the vessel which sails tho next morning. En route to New York Tuesday he will stop off for an hour or so in Phil adelphia to visit his daughter, Mrs. Francis Sayre, and greet his latest grandson, Woodrow Wilson Sayre. Detail of Trip. Details of the President':; return trip to Paris wefj announce-! at the White House today. . The Presiarnt will leave Washington immediately after the adjournment of Congrcsi on a special train for New York, having luncheon and dinner on the train and stopping only at Philadelphia. The party will arrive in New York about !8:30 Tuesday evening, going directly 'Vh, ' 1? .n xfr wn, .n The President and Mrs. Wilson will . -.. l. m j. t- 1 -. At I ""!," "2X " - A.. . r JT'3 rcau"""! """" l"c r .1 u vising uuucraLUUU uiai auuiuur uue home haa been secured for them. L E A banner proposed as the flag for t,le League of Nations will be seen in Washington this afternoon in a one man parade The flag has a blue field with a sprinkling of white stars. Next to the staff are placed all the colors of the rainbow, the spectrum connected with a white band, denoting peace around a brown globe. Indicating the world. The Rev. Dr. J. W. Van Kirk, a re tired minister, former pastor of the Grace Methodist Episcopal Church, of Youngstown, Ohio, is the designer and will be the only man in the pa rade. Dr. Van KirkV march will be made between the hours of 1 and 5 o'clock. The route will be on Pennsylvania t avenue from Seventeenth street northwest to First street, east to B street, north to First street, west to Pennsylvania avenue northwest. Major Pullman lias issued Dr. Van Kirk a permit to stage the one-man parade, which will be the second of its kind in the history of Washing ton. The first was held several years aco when a Confederate veteran pa raded the streets of the National Capital on the fiftieth anniversary of his participation in the Civil war. President Wilson received one of the flags from Dr. Van Kirk, at the White House today. SENATE WILL NAME The Senate today adopted Senator Kenyon's resolution providing for a commission to devise plan for a na tional budget sytem 1 D FLAG IN N-MAN PA AD BOARD F BUDGET LEAG TAFT ON PROGRAM WITH PRESIDENT INNEWYORK ATLANTA, Ga., Feb. 28. William Howard Taft, immediately upon his ar rival here today, an nounced that he has ac cepted the invitation to speak on the same plat form with President Wil son on the subject of the League of -Nations at the Metropolitan Opera House, New York, next Tuesday night. In an interview Taft characterized the League of Nations as "the great est international move ment since the United States became the United States." He said that he believed itwaa- up. to the' United' States to forego its poucy of "splendid isolation" and become a member of the "family of nations." THIRD TERM IS DISCUSSED AT WHITE HOUSE Will President Wilson permit the use of his name as a candidate for a third term? That was expected to be one of the important topics at the White House today when members of the Demo cratic National Committee gathered for luncheon with the President. During the meeting of the committee, at which Homer S. Cummlngs was named chairman, there was much dis cussion as to Presidential candidates, of course, and there has been a per sistent demand to know if the President would permit the use of his name. Some of the members of the commit tee, it is known, were inclined to tut the question to the President direct, for the reason they feel the ground work of the 1020 campaign would be simplified were the answer known. Another matter the President was expected to discuss with the commit teemen is the apparent deadlock he has reached with the Senate over the urgent supply bills, including the Lib erty Loan measure, and the question as to the date of the extra session. He also is expected to discuss with them their impressions as to the country's position on the League ot Nations, and it was regarded as prob able he would ask them to sound out public opinion in their various States as to how the voters view what he regards as his biggest achievement He will lay before them his view that "It is the League of Nations, or more war." and advise them as to the arguments in favor of immediate public support for the plan. VAN LOAN IMPROVING, BUT NOT OUT OF DANGER PHILADELPHIA. Feb. 2S. Charles E. Van Loan, noted author, sutfering from chronic nephritis In a local hos pital, showed a marked Improvement today, although not yet out of danger. according to those close to the family. PIEZ WILL QUIT FLEET CORPORATION POST MAY 1 PHILADELPHIA, Feb. 28 Charles Plez. director general of the Emer- pniv irif OnmAMtlnn innnnnMil todav h will resign that office May 1 UE SAYS PACI STEPTOI PRINCIPL OF TROTSKY Under the league of nation, President Wilson believes the t Irish question will be a domestic issue not subject to the juris diction of the league, Senates Hitchcock announced on the Sea ate floor this afternoon. President Wilson's league of na tions covenant calls the Americas. people away from Washington's doc trines to those of Trotsky, Senator ixwge, .Republican leader, asserted in a speech to the Senate today. Lodge's speech attracted the great estudfence that has yet turned owe hear discussion of the Toafiiwk Sfcasands were turned awav irmrL " Senate-galleries, and thousands mora pacKCts tne- corridors awaitrasr as. opportunity to get in. All the raT- leries were filled even to standing xcom. Orders Galleries Cleared. For the. first time within the mem ory of the oldest Senate attendant, the Vice President ordered the Senat. srallerles cleared, during Senatotf Lodge's speech. Senator Lodge was saying- Iwt thought It would be a "a little hard on residents of the border if they were compelled to wait three month- before doing- anything about a. raid by Mexican bandits. "That is thrpn mnntfca -.. .v. award. Senator Reed pat in. "and the award may not be made for thirty years after the offense." "No," Lodge reDlied. "It -ii.i a reasonable yme." "Oh. yes." Reed grunted expressive' Iy, and the galleries laughed. oenaiors protested in chorus whea. the Vice President- nntami .. , . lories cleared. The largest crowd that has nile& them since the league of nations de bate began had turned out. "Very well." the Vice President answered, "if the Senate doesn't want Its rules enforced, I shan't enforce them." Criticism of the proposed consti tution. Lodge said, does not extend to all plans for a league of nations. All Anxious jor Peace. "Everybody hates war and long's te make it impossible," said Lodge. "We ought to lay aside once and for all the evil suggestion that hecaus mn may differ as to the best methoa of assuring the world's peace In tha fu ture, anyone Is against nermam- peace ir it can be obtained amos; all the nations of mankind. "I will follow any man and vote for any measures which in my honest opinion will make for the mainte nance of the world's peace' I wjli follow no man and vnta f- . ,." ...ui-i. . :-" "' : u'w wu icu. However wit mltflvM seem in my best judgment p imI t. ' ill dissensions rathpr t .- t -........- - 1 among the nations, c " rfLlpJr or injustice to my ow. atry-'" Lodge said that. In a su ter so vita to all the world, there should be m tossy meanings, no need for explana tions. The agreement, he said, "must be so plain and so explicit that no man can misunderstand It." Sees Future Disputes.. "In the draft prepared for a con stitution of a League of Nations, there is hardly a clause about the interpretation of which men do not already differ. As It stands there is danger that the very nations which sign the constitution of the leasru will quarrel aboutthe meaning of tne various articles within a twelve month period. It seems to have been very hastily drafted, and the result: Is cruTIeness and looseness of expres sion. "I DreSS this nnint hrr-aimo tnn r. not found world peace upon the cynical 'scrap of paper doctrine so dear tt Germany. There Is nothing so vital to tho peace of the world as the sanctity of treaties. To whatever in strument the United States agrees, l: must carry out the provisions of that instrument to the last jot and tittle; therefore the language In which the terms are stated must be as exact and precise, and as free from any Continued on Paste 3, Column 1.) V .