Fnlr tonight. Tomor
row Increasing clourtl
nrjm, becoming: unsettled.
IOTret temperature to
night. 34 degree. Tem
perature nt 8 a. m., 34
dejjreiiK. Normal tem
perature for March 3 for
last 30 yearn, 38 degree.
What Is a Soviet?
The Man Russia Needs.
Witte, Cromwell, Peter.
-.r i t imnr - . ftAn Published very evening (including Sunday)
UJMJbiK 11,092. Entered a. ecoT,d-cla matter at the po.t
,ww . offle at Waehlnrton, D. C.
WASHINGTON, MONDAY EVENING. MARCH 3, 1919.
PRICE TWO CENT&
By ARTHUR BRISBANE.
President Wilson can sympa
thize with the old man in the fable,
trying to drive his donkey to
Senator Knox says the peace
league would breed war.
A dozen other Senators, all more
or less Republican Presidential
candidates, say it won't do, it de
stroys the Monroe doctrine, it
leads the nation astray. The well
named Nippi Jiji Japanese news
Japer says the league will not suit
The London Saturday Review
Hopes that Canada and the United
States will be "reasonable" about
admitting Japanese immigrants
and travelers. The answer is that
both will be perfectly reasonable as
they have been in the past, reason
ing well that Asia is big enough
for Asiatics, if they will develop
it, and America none too big for
the races that now control here.
The world, for good reasons,
takes more and more seriously the
problem of Bolshevism as a
quickly spreading movement The
great question in Germany is not
food, money, indemnity, or
royalist plotting. It is this:
WUl Bolshevism with its soviet
scheme of government conquer the
more old-fashioned, democratic sort
of republic that Germans are seek
ing to establish under the name of
A German government recognize
ing rights of honest property, re
warding men In proportion to their
ability and service rendered, would
be the government of Prance, Eng
land, and America with or without
tiie word Socialism attached.
Soviet government would be dif
ferent, and Soviet government is
spreading. Cardinal Logue warns
his Irish flock against it. He says
"there is reason to fear that the
plague has caught hold of some of
the Irish trade unions."
What is a "Soviet"? It is a body
of workers made up of delegates
chosen by workers to control those
that have controlled the workers
hitherto. That is the Russian Bol
shevist definition. The official Bol
shevist statement says:
"Instead of electing men at the
polls they are elected In the shops
and anions. For example, every
fire hundred, workers In an amnm
sltion factory select a delegate.
The regiments of soldiers and the
sailers also elect their delegates,
likewise teachers, clerks, sad engi
neers who are organized."
Only workingmen have anything
to say. Others are not allowed to
vote. The Jjrdvlet imposes on other
cla&sesVlnjustice formerly imposed
on workers, and that is supposed
to bring about the golden age.
But it wont
American workers may be inter
ested in this illustration, which is
this country had had, in 1776,
a Soviet government it would have
Jut George Washington in jail
ecause he was rich and belonged
to the upper class. And it would
have put some actual workingman
at the head of the army. It might
have found in its workingman
name misunderstood "Cromwell,
guiltless of his country's blood."
More probably it would have found
some one without ability. For
ability finds some way to prove its
existence, tender any kind of gov
ernment. In this country, ability sad as
that may sound is usually proved
by the possession of money. But
a nation or a class, in need of wise,
competent leadership, selects as
leader the man of power, whether
he be rich or poor. If not, disaster
follows unwise selection.
The French made a success of
their revolution, after many ups
and downs, because they always
chose men of brains and power.
Some led them astray, but they all
could LEAD Mirabeau, the noble
man; Danton and Robespierre,
educated in law and politics;
Marat, able physician. And when
they wanted a fighter, they showed
their genius in selection by pick
ing out Napoleon, a young lieu
tenant, first chosen to suppress re
bellion against the people's gov
ernment, then to show the Aus
trian ruler and his generals how
little they knew about war.
In all the history of the French
revolution, not one laboring man
or mechanic rose to power. Men
that have the governing faculty
begin by possessing the faculty to
Russia's workingmen had most
bitter cause for complaint, and
cannot be blamed for going to ex
tremes, which is shown In official
statement of the numbers killed
on the battlefield. England lost
706,700, France 1,305,300, Germany,
1,600,000, and unfortunate Russia
Every Frenchman, German, and
Englishman laid down his life well
armed. He had a CHANCE. The
unhappy Russian workmen were
driven to slaughter like cattle,
many without weapons or without
ammunition They know now that
their lives were counted worthless
by the. aristocrats that sent them
to butchery, after stealing money
that should have been spent to arm
and defend them.
No wonder tbey are bitter. No
wonder they have little sympathy
for the "class" to which they just
ly attribute the long years of mis
ery and frequent periods of butch
SLoir ealvetlon depends -oa find-
W. R. & E. ASKS FOR HIGHER
Opportunities for the workers "to
make their lives what they wish
them," were .urged today before the
conference of mayors and governors
jointly by President Wilson and Sec
retary of Labor Wilson.
Secretaries Daniels and Baker
both appeared before the conference
and told of the situation existing as
to Government contracts, Secretary
Baker revealing the fact that total
informal contracts entered into by
the United States with American
and European contractors totaled
$2,800,000,000, which will be paid at
The policy of both the War and
Navy Departments, the Secretaries
said, was to settle unfinished con
tracts justly, so the contractors
could go home with the money in
their pockets to start the industrial
machinery again on. peace time pro
ductions. Cutting Contracts.
Cutting contracts was always care
fully considered so as to make a mini
mum of labor disruption. Secretary
Baker pointed out. He always had the
labor question uppermost In mind
when cancellation of contracts vas In
order, he stated.
Secretary Baker estimated that by
the end of Apil 300,000 a month would
be coming- home from overseas. He
anticipated no serious unemployment
increase by reason of this influx.
He also announced the appointment
of Col. Arthur Woods, former New
York polico commissioner, as a liaison
officer between the War and Labor
Departments to aid soldiers in getting:
The conference was held in the
Bast Room of the White House. Those
present accepted an invitation of the
President to a buffet luncheon in the
state dining- room at 1 oclock this
Snre of Sneers.
President Wilson appeared before
the assembled State and city execu
tives an hour before he was sched
uled to speak. He expressed com
plete confidence that through the co
operation of States and cities with
the Government, adequate means
(Continued on Page 2, Column 1.)
Ing leaders, free from the dream
that the feet can safely rule the
head, free from the control of
vicious reactionaries, men able to
lead gigantic, complicated Russia,
controlling one-sixth of the earth's
territory, from chaos to organized
One as powerful as Peter the
Great, unselfiish as Kropotkine,
diplomatic as Witte, generous as
Lincoln, and wise as Cromwell
MIGHT do the job. He will appear
eventually. The man always ap
pears when the times call him.
Sometimes it takes a long time,
and the people wait in chaos or
perplexity as France waited so
long, with her century of incom
petent kings, inefficient democ
racy, liberty-killing Bonaparte,
an'd preposterous Napoleon Third,
leading finally to the calamity of
Sedan, and then to the glorious,
permanent French republic. If so
long a time was necessary for ho
mogeneous, thinking France to find
her balance and govern herself,
how long will it take heterogene
ous Russia, 85 per cent illiterate,
with forty languages and a thou
Sang on -in
Brook !" cried
in a '
hnt after a
NEW YORK, March 3. Leave it to
the doughboy to take advantage of
an opportunity, which is by way of
introduction to the story of how Mlsa
Crystal Waters, of Los Angeles. Cal..
came to be known among all the
men of the A. E. p. as "The Bub
It all happened before the armis
tice was signed, but some of the
best stories of the war are now being
told months after hostilities have
ceased. Miss Waters, in the uniform
of a y. M. C. A. entertainer, was sing
ing one night in a "Y" tent about
the roses that bloom in Indiana, when
there came the sharp cry: "Ughts
out! the Boche'" At the sound of i
the German planes 250 enginoers
CONTEST HELD OP
Investigation of the Ford-Newberry
Senatorial election definitely went
over to the next session today
Senator Pomerene of Ohio gave no
tice that on the first day of the extra
session he will more that the cam
paigns of both Ford and Newberry be
Newberry's credentials were pre
sented by Senator ?-iith of Mich
igan and. a' Arable discus
sion, were flL
It may tntrc i iinn two yearn
to demoblllrr- tu I imjj forcen, anil
until that time tin- .trnment trill
seed our Bion.r i.r r tout W. S. S.
ple4gtand L-av v ' K. A. &.
OFFICIALS ARE TO BE INDICTED AND TRIED
Kf .'"' . f i ' IMMMB
& W" viBMEMMHMHBMPt A
Jfii &t4 BBBBBBBBBBBBBBHBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBbYtBBKCi4? ab
i k mmLLLBLmmaU44v" ' - '&&& f
MISS CRYSTAL WATERS.
moved slightly in their chairs and
reached for more cigarettes.
Hut .Miss Waters continued to sing,
and hT accompanist, Warwick F.
Williams, of New York City, took up
the .strain after lie had located the
piano by the sub'lucd flash of his
pocket light. A few bombs were
dropped, but the planes had some
other objective and soon passed on.
As Miss Waters finished her song
the tent was again lighted and she
stood before her audience with what
seemed to thoc engineers the most
entrancing smile they had ever
seen. There was thunderous applause,
punctuated at the end by the shout
of an engineer in the third row:
"Oh. You Bubbling Brook'"
And this ttrm of approval stuck.
Two hundred Villista troops at
tacked Mocteztimu, ubout 100 miles
south of Juarez, Mexico, February 'Id.
and defeated the Federal garrison.
cutting all telegraph and railway
communications, according to advices
reaching the State Department today
SUFFRAGETTES TO HECKLE
PRESIDENT IN NEW YORK
Militant suffragists will picket the
Metropolitan Opera House, where
President WAlson speaks tomorrow
night, to demand the immediate call
ing of an exira session of Congress
to pass the woman suftrage amend
ment, their headquarters announced
200 VLLSTAS MOT
E A MSN
FARES AND ELECTRIC LIGHT RATES
By BILL PRICE.
1 The Public Utilities Commission
today was asked by the Washington
Railway and Electric Company and
the Potomac Electric Power Com
pany to do two things of thegreatest
moment to the public yet asked of
1. To give financial relief in
some form to the railway com
pany, which claims to be on the
verge of a cataclysm in. its
2. Restoration of electric light
rates to the 10 cents per kilo
watt hour that existed prior to
the order of the commission in
July, 1917, reducing it to 8
cents, the contention over which
has not been settled in the Dis
trict Supreme Court.
Most of the facts as outlined by
each company to the commission are
told In large advertisements in
Washington newspapers, including
The Times, but the complication is
so extensive as to make it impossible
for many pages of ads to tell the
The filing of two petitions is due
to the tact that the Washington Rail
way and Electric Company owns the
Potomac Electric Bower Company.
The light company has in past years
paid to the W. R. and E. Company
11 per cent each year on a capital
stock of $0,000,000, or $600,000 per
year. This helped to pay attractive
dividends on common and preferred
stocks of the railway company, that
of common at one time reaching 7
per cent. It now pays 5 per cent, but
the last quarterly dividend was paid
wholly from a surplus fund which the
road had accumulated in Its prosper
The P. E. P. Company during 191fi
also paid 11 per cent, but a large
portion of the money necessary for
this also was paid from a surplus
fund. The company presents to the
Commission today figures showing
that In the year 1018. on an 8 cent3
kilowatt basis, its net income was
fSOH.TM). or substantially 5100,000
(Continued on Page 7, Column 1.)
ny United PreB
BERLIN. March .1 American offi
cers were the target for a hostile
demonBtiatlon by German civilians
During the reception to General
Von Ivettow. former German com
mander in Africa, the officers were
fauietty watching the parado from
Amorlcan headquarters In the Hotel
Adlon The crowds suddenly began
to jeer, hies and shout at them. The
ponce experienced great difficulty re
During the height of the demonstra
tion several civilizations rushed at
General Harries' automobile, which
was standing unoccupied at the curb,
with the intention of demolishing It.
The Americans, as well as other
allied officers, were compelled to re
main inside the hotel all afternoon.
The mission ordered all allied officers
to Reep oft the streets until further
AH AN OF
FOW d. a
BERLIN, March 3. We to evidence
having teen discovered, the courts of
Baden have ordered the release frov
prison of Dr. JZarl Hau, pending a re
trial of his case. Hau teas sentenced (
death twelve years ago for the murde
of his mother-in-law.
Nearly twenty years ago the sum
mer gemutlichkeit of Baden-Baden
wasa little ruffled by an elopement.
Lena Molitor, daughter of the late
Herr Dr. Medizinalrat Molitor, pri
vate physician to the grand duke and
prime pundit of the local chirurgical
brotherho1 " ,-d to Paris with a
young and none too circumspect stu
dent at the neighboring university of
The name -f this brash schoolboy
was Karl Hau. His parents had been
excellent, even distinguished, persons,
but they had left their young son
neither title nor entail, and the boy
had not improved his lack of oppor
tunity. He was, indeed, a lady killer
and blade, whereas the girl who had
fled with him was both respectable
and prospectively wealthy entirely
aside from being the daughter of a
medizinalrat and body physician.
Worse yet, she was five or six years
older than her gallant, who had just
touched the febrillty of twenty.
Tople For Indolent Jest.
Such episodes disturb the orderly
life of small communities everywhere.
The stiff formalism and ludicrous
petty rank precedence of a small
German town were convulsed. To the
thousands of visitors crowding this
(Continued on Page 4, Column 2.)
President Wilson, In attempting to
pledge the United States to a League
cf Nations, is either a usurper or
a dictator. Senator Sherman of Illi
nois told the Senate this afternoon.
"If the power to make such a
pledge is not found In our Constitu
tion, the President's acts are usurpa
tion," Sherman said. "If it depends
alone upon his will as Commander-in-Chief,
it is revolution. He is a
usurper in one case and a dictator In
Sherman spoke of the League of
Nations as a "Pandora's box of evil,
to empty upon the American people
the aggregated calamities of the
Sherman's speech was marked
throughout by bitter criticism of
The President today signed the bill
validating informal war contracts
amounting to about 12.500.000,000. The
delay of war manufacturers in receiving
their payments on these contracts hast
boen given as one cause, for the. business
Signing of this bill will be an
nounced at the conference of gov
ernors and mayors as an indication
tho Government wishes to relieve im
mediately the bunlno'ss sltuat'op.
The President also signed tho riv
er end harbor bill, carrying about
H IAN ASSALS
WAR CONTRACT BILL
DID HE KILL HIS
X BBLWBBBBBBIBBafflBJS3?f!BMBflMBBMf '
is LtLLLLBPffTMiiir( HbbbbLt ft
CARL HAU, LL. D.,
The young German professor,
formerly member of the faculty
at George Washington, Unlver
slty, whose career In America.
England. France -id Turkey
tenon wldo interest retrial
on the murder charge-on which
he wax convicted' twelve, yeara
A bitter Tight will be waged against
A. Mitchell Palmer if any attempt !s
made to secure confirmation of his
nomination by the President to be At
torney General before tho present
Senator Frelinghuysen. author of a
resolution to Investigate Palmer's
administration of the office of alien
property custodian, announced that
he would "tell the Senate a few
things about Mr. Palmer."
"I shall not filibuster." he said,
"and if the Senate wishes to confirm
him after what I have to say I shall
not object "
The present plan is to hold an ex
ecutive session of the Senate sum time
this afternoon or this evening, to act
upon about 1,000 nominations now be
fore that body. Most of the nomina
tions are of fourth-class postmasters.
A final effort to bring about the
confirmation of John Skelton Wil
liams as Comptroller of the Currency
to succeed himself, will be made in
the Senate before the end of the ses
The opposition to Williams, how
ever, is determined to defeat his con
firmation, and In view of the fact that
so little time is left before the ses
sion closes, it was admitted on all
hands today that it would probably
Senator Weeks, as well as others. Is
prepared to speak Indefinitely against
thw confirmation of Williams.
It is generally assumed that Mr.
Williams will be given a recess ap
pointment and will continue in the
Another nomination which will be
blocked in the Senate is the promo
tion of Robert E. Noble, of the Med
ical Corps, to be brigadier general in
the regular army.
HELP WANTED MALE
CHAUFFEUR Reliable, experienced,
for Ford delivery, references are nec
essary Apply MARCHE & CO . Klor
Wtt. 14th and H ts. N. W 19
"We had fully fifty ap
plicants from our ad for a
chauffeur in The Times.
"Marche & Co., Florists."
Phone The Times
By LOWELL MELLETT.
Copyright. 1919, by United Yreaa.
PARIS, March 3. The greatest
grand jury indictment the world has
ever seen will soon be returned.
The .commission investigating the
responsibility for crimes committed
during the war is expected to submit
its report by Saturday. The true
bill will contain hundreds cf names,
ranging from lieutenants to officers
of the-iughe&t rank. Against eaafe.
will be' charged in detail the crimes
he is alleged to have committed
Others Will Escape.
If the present purpose of the com- .
mission remains unchanged the name
of Wilhelm Hohenzollern will lead all
the rest. Tint, at the soxno time, th
United Press was authoritatively ad
vised that It has been practically con
cluded that It will b Impossible to
visit direct punishment on the former
Kaiser. Men like Gcncial LudendorC
and Field Marshal Von Hindenborsr
are likely to escape for tho same rea
son; although it is possible to estab
lish their responsibility as the men
higher up it is impossible to disre
gard the fact that all their acta can.
be defended on the ground that they
were carrying out the policies of the
The highest ranking officials deem
ed certain of being punished are the
former military governors of various
cities and districts who had arbitrary
authority over the lives of enemy cit
izens, and who abused their powoia
or allowed subordinates to do so.
These, of whom there are hundreds
will be tried before an international
tribunal, which the commission will
recommend be formed under sanction
of the league of nations. This tribu
nal is expected to sit for the nexx
several years, hearing evidence in in
dividual cases, passing judgment "t
fixing penalties a each cam is com
pleted. To Arrest AU.
A permanent prosecuting committee
is also planned. In just what manner
warrants will be served and arrests
made has not been determined, how
ever. When the commission's list la
I turned over to the peace conference.
it is expected it will be kept secret
until as many as possible are ar
rested. Later, the names and pictures
of those not arrested will be furnished
to the rogues. galleries in all coun
tries. The commissioners are confi
dent that practically all of the ac
cused will be rounded up eventually
and be compelled to face the tribunal
Some arrests have already beon raado.
notably a number of Turkish officers,
who are being held until the court la
set up and ready to hear their cases.
"We had some knowledge of the
atrocities that had been committed,
but the detailed evidence placed De
fore us made our blood run cold,' cJae
member of the commission said.
"One is Inclined to say at first that
men of that kind should be boiled la
oil, but it Is better for the world that
they be given fair trials and the mjit
impartial justice. That is our par
pose." DISMISS APPEAL OF
The Supreme Court today dismissed
for want of Jurisdiction the ap
peal of Abraham t Sugamian, of St.
Paul, indicted and convicted under
sdction .1 "f the espionage act.
Judge BranrtHs road the ruling that
the court could find no constitutional
quest !uti r-iis.'M in the appeal.
Suga-man was charged with making"
a speech in Selby county, Minnesota.
In which he advised against registra
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