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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, March 04, 1919, FINAL EDITION, Image 1

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warmer, XOUoired By
unsettled weather to
morrow. I'erapsraturc
above freezing. Temper
attire at 8 a. ra. today,
40 degrees average tem
perature tor March 4
for last thirty years, 38
Mr. Wilson's Life.
It Is NOT Dull.
Two Fathers Die.
- Paris Can't Move.
VrTTTlfDTJVD -t -1 AAO PubUahed every evening (Including Sunday)
JN U jyLtSJllXt JJL.UyO. Entered aa second-daw matter, at the pott-
office at Washington, D. C
inn '
mM Qt&bfo&f
a (Copyright 1919.)
f Two hundred thousand ask to
' fcear President Wilson's speech to
night. Thanks to the newspapers
and to the printing invention of
the German Gutenberg, a hundred
millions will hear him here and
many other hundreds of millions
throughout the world, almost as
soon as he finishes speaking.
When Mr. Wilson speaks
Caruso will sing "The Star
Spangled Banner" and suffragettes
will gather at the door of the
Metropolitan Opera House in New
York to tell the President that
they dont like him, and to be
arrested. Tomorrow the President
atarfe for France again. His life
is not dull.
Senator Sherman of Illinois says
President Wilson is a dictator and
usurper. These are days of free,
fierce words.
Senator Vardaman of Missis
sippi says that eight corporations
control the production, distribu
tion and prices of anthracite coal
in the United States.
That represents the REAL
United States dictatorship. Pri
vate individuals, hiding behind the
names of corporations, dictate to
the people what they shall pay
for what they must have. And in
the case of the coal monopolists,
they hold back from industry and
from the Government itself, great
culm hanks that would have ended
the shortage.
The Industrial situation contin
ues to grow worse all over the
world, and especially In Germany.
The French complain that Paris
la too near the enemy. As Paris
-cannot be moved farther west,
they say the French frontier must
be moved farther east. That Is
for the French and the other allies
to decide, for they have the power.
Present conditions indicate that
Paris may soon find herself too
close to anarchy. If the efforts of
the well-balanced, educated, Ger
man republicans tail, and the Spar
tacea anarchists control in Berlin
and throughout Germany, a situa
tion "may arise worse than having
a disabled -enemy near Paris.
They hare spotted fever added
tethelnrtheT troubles in Germany
sow. Add Spartacan anarchy to
the, spotted fever, with factories
idle aad farms uncultivated, and
tile- allies may say good-by to
their, indemnity, except what gold
Gerxnsay has on hand. There is
set much indemnity to be got out
of chaos in government. ,
The sins of the fathers are
visited upon children. And upon
fathers are visited the sins and
the success of the children.
These two news announcements
sre published In adjoining columns.
Charles E. Van lean,-' a- brilliant
writer, died in the prime of life.
His father, Richard Van Loan,
Those old age had been made hap
py by his son's success, heard the
aews of the death, and died within
a. few minutes.
Samuel Hoscowitz, a young
sailor, confessed to a grafting
conspiracy in which he shared,
then jumped from an eighth-story
window and killed himself. His
father, eighty years old, Solomon
Hoscowitz, of Detroit, died as soon
as the news of his son's suicide
was brought to him. Honor and
shame both kill.
William C. Redfield, Secretary
ei commerce, approves the policy
of "protecting the person and
property of an American who goes
into ' a foreign country in his
legitimate pursuit of his busi
ness." This will be gdod news to
Americans in Mexico.
More than half a dozen of them
nave been killed in one region re
cently, while the Mexican gov
ernment has been talking of
friendship for the United States.
Yon will observe that while the
Americans have been killed, Brit
ish subjects in Mexico have NOT
been killed. The English long
ago established the well-recognized
principle that the British
fleet and army are ready to de
fend the rights of any English
man in any country. Perhaps,
with the peace league working,
Americans will also be safe when
they leave their own borders.
Fraudulent stock sales are to be
restricted during the Liberty loan
campaign. Why not restrict them
at all tunes? If you sell a basket
ful of potatoes, say that it holds a
bushel and it does NOT hold a
bushel, you go to jaiL Why should
you be allowed to sell a share of
stock, and say that it is worth $10,
when it is not worth ten cents?
Three Protestant Episcopal
bishops are going abroad to visit
Rome and the East and try to
bring about "unity between aU the
churches Russian, Greek, Roman
Catholic, and Protestant"
It is an interesting expedition.
If the reverend gentlemen can't do
any better or get exactly "unity,"
theywilltry to establish a league
of Christian churches to work side
by side with the peace league. One
of the reverend gentlemen feels
that the peace league will be "a
short-lived sham," unless the
church gives its spiritual sanction.
54,000 MAY
JOIN 16,000
Prealdeat Wllaon has been asked
by strlkeni and operator to use
his Influence la aettKng- tho Aetr
York harbor strike.
It was thought probable that a
conference might be arranged
frith the President after hi Ken
York address tonight.
NEW YORK, March 4i The port
of New York was completely tied
up today by a strike of the harbor
workers for the second time this
Sixteen thousand harbor workers
quit work at 6 o'clock this -morning
and 54,000 longshoremen and
freight handlers are threatening to:
stake in sympathy if any attempt
is made to run boats -with "out
side" crews.
It is estimated that, if the walk
out spreads, 100,000 persons in
trades related to the industries of
the port may be thrown out of
The 16,000 who quit this morning
belong to seven union organiza
tions that are demanding an eight
hour work day.
Tubes' Are Jammed.
The Hudson tubes leading1 into thl
city from New Jersey was congested
with thousands of men and women,
who tried to fight their way Into
trains. Strong- police guards were
rushed to all of the stations to handle
the Immense throng.
Thousands of commuters were ma
rooned on Staten Island and were un
able to get into the city to their work.
The only harbor craft that were not
affected by the strike were Govcrn-
(Coritinued on Page 3, Column &)
If the suggestion of Secretary of
the Treasury Glass to Secretary Ba
ker that the Forty-second (Rainbow)
division be hastened home is carried
out, Washington will an opportunity
of seeing the former District Hos
pital unit members home before the
end of April.
Secretary Glass is anxious that this
division participate in the Victory
Loan campaign. His present plans
are to have members of the division
speak for the bonds.
This District unit is attached to
the 117tb Sanitary train. Of all the
local units in action in France this
one saw the most fighting. It is now
with the army of occupation in Ger
many. E
War-time prohibition, effective July
I, next, will be better enforced as the
result of failure of proposed legislation
to enforce the law to be passed by this
session of Congress, Congressman Ran
dall, prohibitionist of California, pre
dicted today.
"It is unfortunate that the Impres
sion has gone out that the enforcement
law failure Jn this Congress will crip
ple prohibition," Randall said. "I am
glad that it did not come up. The pro
hibition law itself has more thorough
machinery. It places prosecution in the
hands of the Department of Justice.
Penalties are more severe. It will be
administered tho same as other laws.
The proposed law allows States partici
pation In the enforcement of prohibition.
That is not as advisable as It should
Sold: 25 U-Boats to London
Junk Man for Scrapping
LONDON, March 4. "Sold: Twenty-five first
class U-boats, to George Cohen, junk dealer, for scrap
ping." This announcement was made here today. The
average tonnage of the sold craft is 700 tons. There
remain 175 U-boats to be scrapped.
The plates and metal in the craft will go to steel
works, where they will be melted for reconstruction
The President Will Call
On Him Today
"Q t SsBBBBdfikaB V. x f jv . 4VSBBBBBBpp' S3.jdf JL Sh
The newest grandson of the President. Mr. JVilson will stop over
for an hour in Philadelphia today to pay him a visit.
0 GIT A 0
SYRACUSE. N. Y.. March 4. Clar
ence True Wllxon has enlisted in
Prof. Frederick W. Roman's fight to
deport Lady Nicotine from our shores.
Mr. Wilson is general secretary of
the Board of Temperance, Prohibi
tion, and Public Morals of the Metho
dist Episcopal Church.
Mr. Wilson proposes that "demon
nicotine" be baninhd from the land
as a sort of celebration of the vic
tory over "demon rum."
He has written to Methodist minis
ters asking them to join in the anti
tobacco campaign if they feel "that
our next great battle will be with.
the demon nicotine, whose shredded
poisonous leaves, rolled in a paper of
whatever brand, and smoking to the
heavens. Is a stench In God's nostrils
and a blight upon our anny and our
youth, notwithstanding the ravings
of the tobacco trust, which would
have us believe that cigarette smok
ing Is incense ri.slng from and cm
blematitc of the fires of our nation's
devotion and patriotism."
Mr. Wilson wrote the ministers
that "the hour is now come for the
church to b heard against this
mighty and growing evil."
SALEM, Ore., March 4. James
WItheycomb, governor of Oregon, died
suddenly at his home here last night.
Death was due to heart disease.
The joint commission of tho Senate
and House to make an investigation
of salaries paid to postal employes in
Washington and throughout the coun
try, was appointed just before the
adjournment of Congress. The
authority for the commission is con
tained in the Postoftlce appropriation
The Senators on the commission are
Rankliead. McKellar. Gay, Sterling,
and McLean.
Tho House members are Moon,
Beall, Rausch, Madden ,and Steoner
son. B
The Senate Committee named to in
vestigate the Ford Eagle boat con
tracts today reported that "no charge
against either the Government or
the Ford Company is sustained by
the evidence."
The Eagle boats are essential in
the navy program tho report said.
TheBO othor findings were made:
Tho Eagle boat is the beat type of
submarine chaser; the chargo that
the boats were leaky and unsatis
factory Is untrue; the boats were re
quired as part of the ponco tlmo
navy; the Ford Company did not ueok
tho contract; there are no grounds
for criticism, by reason of the In
creased cost over that originally
hoped for; the contract with the Ford
Company was more favorablo than
those with other i-onipanleo.
Henry Ford will personally make
no profit out of the boats.
foe troops;
and strikers
in battle in
new revolt
COPENHAGEN', March 4 Mar
tial law was declared at Berlin
Spaadau, and Teltow today by the
Prussian aoveraiaent to protect,
the workers from famine and the
terrorism of the minority. Minis
ter of War Gnstave Noske has
been given complete executive
' BERLIN, March 3 (delayed)
Shots were exchanged in a clash
betwS&i government troops and
strikers at Leipzig today, follow
ing a special cauctw of Inde
pendent Socialists, resulting, in the
calling of a" general political strike
for 8 o'clock tonight, instead of
Wednesday morning, as .had been.
The independents demand politi
cal recognition of the Soviets and
overthrow of the Scheidemann cabi
net. Meanwhile a proclamation was
published today in the Red Flag,
the Radical newspaper, calling for
a general strike, industrial as well
as political, and for the installa
tion of red rule, absolute.
Specimens of Headlines.
Specimens of the headlines follow:
"Down with President Ebert, Minis
ter Scheidemann, and Minister Noske!"
"Down with tho traitors!"
"The Proletariat must rulel On with
the general strlkei"
"Renew the battle for the revolu
tion!" "On with the fight against the sup
pressors"' The strike set for tonight, however,
will not be industrial, but purely po
litical in character. It is expected to
continue until the present govern
ment is overthrown. The independ
ents expect it to spread over the en
tire country, but they urgently coun
sel against violence "except in retalia
tion." Bloodshed Is nevertheless believed
inevitable, the government having an-
(Contlnucd on Page 2, Column 7.)
President Wilson will sign the re
cess appointments of A. Mitchell
Palmer as Attorney General and John
Skelton Williams as Comptroller of
the Currency at Hoboken, N. J., to
night just before he goes aboard the
George Washington,! It was officially
announced at the White House today.
This action is necessary becauso the
Senate failed to confirm the nomina
tions of these two before adjourn
ment They will take office Immedi
ately upon the signature of the ap
pointments by the President.
Other recess appointments may be
made before the President leaves ths
country. It was stated.
SrBING COT With heavy mat-
treiia; like new; returnable: at
once. 173S 20th St. N. W. 1-27
Mrs. I. M. Wilson
phoned the above ad to
The Times. The cot was
sold after but one inser
tion. Phone The Times your
ads. Main 5260.
President Wilson left Washington
this afternoon prepared for a
"showdown" before the people in
his fight with Senate Republicans.
Shortly before his departure, in
a statement to the country, he laid
upon Senators who "obstructed"
passage of appropriation bills the
full responsibility for "impaired
efficiency of the Government,"
which ho said would result while
he is in Paris.
There will be no change in his
plans to return to France on
schedule, andlhe has" not relaxed his
deternlinatioiEto hall no extra sea-
sion orgsHuio ikTras - ataiedji
Confident of Indorsement.
Despite the challenge set up by Sen
ate Republicans on his league of na
tions' covenant, the President is con
fident the league ,wlll be accepted
"back home," and the people, he be
lieves, will demand Us ratification
when the time comes.
The President regards the Issue on
tho league of nations aa clearly
drawn alone this line:
A league and peace, or no league
and Inevitable war, resulting' from
competitive araments.
Cant Keep Fighter Idle.
He remarked not long ago to some
friends that when great competitive
navies and armies are maintained
they cannot be kept Idle forever.
And the Immediate result of such
armies and navies, his advisers point
out. is a heavy and constantly main
tained tax burden,of which the peo
ple now are getting a taste as a re
sult of the great war.
That the President will pursue this
thought in his final appeal to the peo
ple in New York tonight, was Inti
mated by his advisers today.
Crowds Bid Godspeed.
As the President left the Capitol,
scon after the close of the session, he
was surrounded by about 200 Capitol
employes and newspaper men. who
clasped his hand and bade him
"Good-by and good luck!" shouted
the crowds as the President, smiling'
broadly, left the room.
"Thank you," he answered as he
stepped aboard the elevator. Every
time he was espied by the crowd
pouring from Senate galleries he was
greeted with handclapping.
Among those who called for a few
minutes' xhat with the President be
fore he left the Capitol were Chalr-
(Contlnued on Page 3, Column 3.)
March , the day of proverbial bad
weather In the National Capital,
promises to be one of the warmest
March 4ths in many years.
The lowest temperature recorded
for today Is 40 degrees, early this
mornln. The normal temperature on
Mcrah 4 is 38.
At 11:15 o'clock this morning- the
temperature was 07, with the mercury
rising" rapidly. Every Indication is
that the temperature will rise to be
tween CO and 70 degrees before the
sun sets this evening. The normal
highest temperature for March 4 Is 63
The warmest March 4 recorded by
the Weather Bureau was In 1880,
when tho maximum temperature was
77 degrees. The maximum tempera
ture today will probably be less than
10 degrees below that record.
The coldest March 4 was In 1873,
when the mercury shivered between
4 degrees below zero to 20 degrees
LOST One Liberty Jlond between Oth and
Pa. av. and Ecklnirton. Reward. Phono
North 391 or call 2QU 2nd st. N. . 4
"A group of men in
the Senate have 'deliber
ately chosen to embarrass
the Administration of
the Government, to im
peril the financial inter
ests of the railway sys
tem of the country and to
make arbitrary use of
powers intended to be
employed in the interests
of the people. It is plain
ly my duty to attend the
peace conference in Paris.
"II iB also my duty to
be in close contact with
the public business dur
ing a session of Congress.
I must make my choice
between these two duties,
and I confidently hope
that the people of the
country Will' TJUinK Oa X
- fcrii - making 4he -rightr
choice. It is not" in the
interest of the right con
duct of public affairs that
I should call the Congress
in special session wlple it
is impossible for me to be
in Washington because of
a more pressing duty else
where to co-operate with
the houses. I take it for
granted that the men who
have obstructed and pre
vented the passage of
necessary legislation have
taken all of this into con
sideration and are willing
to assume' the responsibil
ity of the impaired ei
ficienoy of the Govern
ment and the embarrassed
finances of the country
during the time of my en
forced absence."
Sentiment among- the 100 governors
and mayors of States and cities
throughout the United States, now li
conference In Washington was today
expressed aa being solidly In favor
of the District's appeal for suffrage.
Feeling is running- high among the
conferees, most of whom were not
aware of the voteless condition of
District residents until they came to
Washington to attend the confer
ence. Action by the governors and
mayors In passing resolutions favor
ing; the District suffrage movement
and In pledging themselves to urge
their constituents to Instruct their
Congressmen to give the vote to
Washington Is expected before the
termination of the conference tomor
row. '
The attitude of the visitors, who
came from nearly every State In the
Union, was best expressed today by
Lieut. Gov. George Stephan, of Den
ver, Colo.
"Tho sense of Justice and the demo
cratic principles upon which the
(Continued on Pas 3, Column. 24
The Sixty-fifth Congress died fc
noon today strangled by a fill-,
As the final gavel fell 'in ib
Senate on the stroke of noon it ct&
L short a speech began at 7:3Q a. in
today by Senator Sherman: of Illi
nois, which blocked the transaction
of all business.
All roads led to the Senate end,
of the Capitol; for it was there that
the filibuster raged all sight lone
and through the final hoars of
what haa leen one of the met
I tsmoltnow se?pafts. the Jbnerl
can Congress. - It 'was there a!s
twrrresident Wilson, with 3 gKs
in his eye, and a set tohjf jaw
but wearing his nsoal smile aft
times signed last minute bills and!
cleaned up the business ei fb$
session. , "
President Signs Bfllev
President Wilson signed the dip!'
raatic and consular appropriation bffli
the public lands validation bin. the
Military Academy appropriation BIU,
the District of Columbia probatto?
bin, and the Senate pension bin.
The last legislative act of Conre
was & squabble In the Senate over
resolution providing- clerks for mem
bers of the House. House members
by the score crowded the Senate floe
to see what the upper House wcu&
do about it
Half an hour was consumed fn try
Ing- to amend the resolution. Semite?
Gore wanted It to provide for demo
bllixatlon of the array In thirty days,
and Senator Lewis sought to tncor
porate in It a Senate resolution o
hope for President Wilson's &?a voy
age to Franee and return, and his
success In setting- the League of Ka
lions under way.
While this question of Heron ma
hers clerk hire was being- seriously
debated great departmental' appro
priatlon bills, totaling more tfeasi
$2,600,000,000, were slowly dying.
President Wear By.
The President, who was fifty fee
away while the Senate amused a hagft
crowd with parliamentary antJca aad
points of order, had asked that the els
supply bills be passed.
They died as he left the Capitol t
return to the White House.
As President Wilson signed MHsv
Cabinet officers. Senators. Congress
men, and other high officials crowded
his glided, mirrored room- Chief of
Staff March and Admiral Grayson, la
uniform, added color. Several women
were presented to the President by
Congressman Baer of North Dakota.
Frequently the President laid down.
his pan to say a farwell word to a
After the Important bills wera
signed President Wilson signed &
dozen autograph books for Senate
Myer London, retiring Socialist Con
gressman, held an ernest conversation
with the President for a few minutes.
As the clock touched 12, Sherman
was on his feet, and Vice President
Marshall called the session officially
to a close In the shuffle the clerks'
resolution was lost In the limbo of
obscurity, and the House members
departed In deep sorrow.
vice President Marshall gave a
touch of piquancy to the occasion by
varying tho usual farewell formula,
which is to declare the Senate ad
journed "sine die."
Vice President Marshall in putting1
adjournment motion said "slna
deo," and It got a b!g
laugh from
tne gallery and floor.
Asked later whether he meant t
adjourn Congress "without God,'
rather than "without date." the Vlc
President asserted:
"I cannot Interpret anything- I a4
nounce from the chair."
Bid "Lame Duck" Good-sy.
In both Houses the last momenta
were filled with farewells to 'Mam
ducks," who last November lost tho,
right to sit In Congress. Miss Jean
nette Rankin was given a rousing"
sendoff by the House. In the Senate;
groups clusUred about Weeks. Massa
chusetts: Lewis, Illinois, aad ths
others to btd them farewell.
Congressman Mondell. of Wyoming
read a. tribute to Mlsar Rankin, declara
Ing she had shown 'womanly gract
(Continued ea Pact 2

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