Latest From Bolshevism.
The Bolshevist Makers.
A Moral Hazard.
New Circus Stunt.
Rata and colder to
nights Saturday fair and
colder. Temperature at
8 a. m., S4 degrees, for
mal temperature for
April 11 for last thirty
years, 64 degree.
Published ever' evening (Including Sunday)
Entered as second-claes matter, at .b
poitofflce at Washington, D. C
WASHINGTON, FRIDAY EVENING, APRIL 11, 1919.
Gosmg Wall Street Prices PRICE TWO CENTS.
Py ARTHUR BRISBANE.
The peace league gentlemen,
thanks to President Wilson's posi
tive stand, appear to have settled
something in the way of an Easter
peace gift. The people will soon
know what it is.
Mr. Trotsky invites allied troops
fighting him to come in and sur
render, promising that he will
treat them? well.
And Mr. Lenine offers a Bol
shevik army of 160,000 to Hun
gary to help the Bolshevising
propaganda. Austria, for the timo
being, decides against Bolshevism
afraid the allies won't like it.
And in Bavaria, the peasants, as
might have been expected, fight
the effort to make their kingdom
None the less, the Bolshevists,
who have taken Odessa, and seem
to meet very little in the way of
defeat, appear to have the best of
it thus far.
A little real peace by Easter
would be welcome, considering
that at this moment, armistice or
no armistice, there is fighting go
ing on at twenty-seven different
A man stands on the corner and
talks Bolshevism or anarchy. He
is put in jail, although his influ
xes is slight
A street" car corporation of New
York city offers half a million to
one single State senator for his
vote, and nobody knows how many
other half millions to other public
officials in the executive and leg
islative branches, for permission
to take eighteen dollars a year in
increased fare from every passen
ger. That kind of thing makes an
archists and Bolshevists whole
sale. Does anybody go to jail for
News comes from Archangel,
via the Associated Press, that a
company of American troops re
cently declared they would not re
turn to the front to so on fight
ing the Bolshevik!, saying they
had been conscripted to fight Ger
many, not Russia, and that this
country was not at war with the
TThen their officers talked to
them they consented to return and
fight the fcaaeiaas.
This is salt to have disturbed.
United States efBcers as indicating
uncertain HnrTp'inr' The "French
receatly. aOfrBg to Paris news-
papers,,3i jal a. mora surprising el- '
Officers of their army on the
Htc&U& front -went over to the
Bokheviki, -and sent back letters
to 'France inviting the workers of
France to join with the Bolsheviki
and, make the world perfect.
This suggestion does not appeal
to Frenchmen as a whole. They
want peace. They want, with in-
tercet, the thousands of millions
that they lent to the old Russian
gbrer&ment and probably, before
the thins ends, they will get them.
What is a "moral hazard?"
After July 1st, unless something
happens, tens of thousands of sa
loons will close. Insurance men
talk about "moral hazard," which
is the euphemist fashion of ex
pressing the insurance man's fear
the gentleman whose saloon is
closed by prohibition will set it
afire to get tile insurance money.
The companies don't like to lose
insurance premiums, but say they
"are not soliciting renewals on
That is a new prohibition prob
lem. You have seen circuses, dreamt
about them as a child, and now,
when you see the red and purple
picture of a rhinoceros ripping
open the stomach of the elephant
on the" billboards, you have a
queer, excited feeling.
The circus is on its travels
again, bigger, of course, than ever.
"What do you suppose the public
finds most interesting?
It is not giant, dwarf, lady with
beard, or man all tattooed. It is
not, although it ought to be, our
cousin, the chimpanzee. Every
body watches two men from Aus
tralia showing how rapidly they
can cut through a gigantic log
with axes. The axes flash, cut
ting out chips four times as big as
your hand, and in a few seconds
the big tree is cut through.
THAT interests every man. For,
in his ancestry, every man has
been a wood chopper, a cutter
down of the forest, and every man
is interested in what was done by
those before him.
Because our ancestors depended
for their lives on what thev caught
in the water or killed in the for
est, stout, bald men now go out
and fish and shoot, calling it
"sport," not knowing that it is ir
resistible, atavistic savagery.
New York watches the arrest In
one day of six doctors supplying
i habit-forming drugs to thousands
of mlseraoje victims, mext aay
few York sees a "drug clinic,"
where drug addicts have poison
riven to them in diminishing
doses In hope of a cure. The ma
jority or the victims are oareiy
oast their teens. And the "doc
tors" that sold the poison pre
scriptions gave tnem to anyDoay,
isking no questions.
Dr. Copeiana, neaitn omcer 01
kw York, says there are two
xundred thousand drug victims in
SEEMS S U R
PARIS, April 11. G. N.
Barnes, labor representative in
the British cabinet, in a speech
to the plenary peace council,
declared that the labor congress
seeks security of employment
co-operation between employes
and employers, a higher stand
ard of living, and "the creation
and mobilization of humane pub
lic opinion." He suggested the
first session of the labor con
gress be held in Washington.
Responding to this sugges
tion, President Wilson- said:
"No detail of Sir. Barnes re
marks is more welcome than
this. I can assure him the most
cordial invitation to meet there."
The peace conference has made
more progress m the last two days
than in the previous two weeks, pri
vate advices to the White House
Officials' were1 plainly pleased with
the tuna of events, and cables today
indicate that the American delegates
in Paris expect a settlement of the
major questions shortly.
While the details of the last two
dajsi progress reported in -the cables j
cated that the situation is even
nearer settlement than dispatches
from Paris indicate.
Confidence In Amendment.
White House officials today were
confident that the adoption of the
amendment to the League of Nations
covenant, safeguarding the Mnnrno
'Doctrine, would clear away objections
tnat might bold up ratification of the
peace treaty in the Senate. Indica
tions at the "White House today were
that the President would leave Paris
for the United States as soon as he
was assured that all the major ques
tions are agreed upon, leaving the
termination of some minor matters to
the other peace delegates. It is be
lieved that the President vill not call
an extra session of Congress until
the peace treaty is ready for ratifica
tion. May Jiot Be Needed.
Administration officials believe the
Government departments are weath
ering the lack of appropriations
(Continued on Pape 2. Column 1.)
DURHAM. N. C. April 11 Angered
at Interference between himself and
wife, Tom Barbor, thirty-one, a farmer
living near here, shot and killed Sam
Clayton, his father-in-law.
According to neighbors of Clayton,
Mrs. Earbor w,as visiting the home
of her father when suddenly her hus
band appeared on the scene, with a
shot gun. He pointed the gun at
his wife and, it is said, made threats.
She ran into the yard screaming. Hr
husband followed her with thergun in
Clayton heard his daughter's
screams and came to her assistance
It is said that Barbor became anger
ed at the Interference and shot Clay
ton. Barbor was arrested and placed in
Jail. He will bo examined as to his
TROLLEY CAR BANDITS
BOSTON'. April 11. Eight trolley
car bandits, armed and masked, in
vaded a South Boston car at South
ampton Btreet in South Boston at
midnight, terrorised the passengers
and robbed the conductor after they
had beaten him almost insensible.
the city, and that he is preparing
for a great increase in the num
ber. Not a pleasant outlook.
To make a man a drug fiend by
taking his few dollars is a worse
crime than murder. What will be
done with the "doctors" that carry
on the trade?
KILLED BY FARMER
LONDON. April 11. Stirred by
her personal discoveries in "slum
land," Queen Mary today took the
unprecedented step of summoning
the leading British housing and
health authorities to discuss and
draw up plans for immediate bet
terment of living conditions of
King George made a speech of
welcome to the delegates, who
numbered about a hundred, and
also evinced the liveliest Interest
in the proceedings, but it is
known the Queen's desire for first
hand information on all matters
concerning the nation's homes
was responsible for this "housing
Durbar" as the press calls it.
Queen Mary recently paid a
series of surprise visits to the
each side slum area, and was
shocked at what she saw. Hither
to, carefully managed stage visits
to the homes of the workers had
provided nice clean cottages be
longing to the better class work
ers, and energetic officials had
seen that everything was In or
der for the royal visit.
"Very nice and clean?' the Queen
was always able to say on de
parting. But her unofficial visits show
ed the other side of the .picture.
"Terrible, terrible." she ex
claimed, aghast at the squalor and
unsanitary conditions she found
everywhere. Then: "Why wasn't
I told of this before?" The court
officials had nothing to say. So
Queen Mary turned to a man who
would know Col. W. J. Lewis,
mayor of the Cast Side district of
"I am afraid I have always
stuck to the highways too much."
she said. "I want you to show
me the byways."
Lewis did, and afterward lie
said: "The Queen was disgust
ed." Overcrowding was the chief
evil. One house the Queen visit
ed contained a mother and seven
chlldrenvin two small rooms; They
all slept In the upstairs room' for
TS3-of mice. The Queen assured
the woman that she was also
afraid of mice.
As she is an energetic house
wife herself. Queen Mary Is de
termined to "get things moving."
There will be no prosaic official
reports, destined for pigeonholing.
Real progress is assured, and the
Queen is delighted to find a sub
ject so thoroughly womanly in
which she can interest herself.
4.000 MEN SENT
MEXICO CITY. April 11. With
the statement' carrying the assurance
that the slayers of Oscar Wallace, the
American, had been shot following
court martial, came the information
that another move against Francisco
Villa has been started.
A force of 4,000 Mexican government
troops is being sent 10 the Sta,te of
Chihuahua to offer protection to
Americans and prosecute the cam
paign against Villa,
The American embassy today re
ceived instructions from Washington
to inquire fully into the report of the
death of E. E. Morgan, another Ameri
can citizen recently murdered near
Salina Cruz. His companion, Manuel
Ruls, a Spaniard, was also slain.
Morgan was manager of a ranch.
NEW YORK, April 11 Nearly 5,000
officers and men landed here today
from the transports Rotterdam and
Julia Luckenbach. which arrived last
night, and was detained down the
bay by fogs.
The troops on the Rotterdam were
for the moat part units of the 5th
division, which was commanded by
Maj. Gen. Charles VV. Kennedy, who
TO RETURN HOME SOON
The Twenty-ninth division, which
Included part of the District national
guard, has been designated for early
return to the United States.
This Information was contained In
cable advices from General Pershing
to the War Department today.
Washington is represented in the
Twenty-ninth division by the former
First Squadron of Cavalry and -Batteries
A. B and C of field artillery of
the old District guards. The Twenty
ninth also Includes Company B, of the
signal corps. District national guard.
AGAINST V IU
00 M ORE YANKS
LAND IN NEW YORK
LOJVDOW, April 11-An old
clothes man proclaimed the repub
lic of Brnnsrrick, says a Central
News dispatch from Copenhagen.
He also proclaimed a general
strike, dismissed the government,
dissolved the Diet. V
By FRANK J. -TAYLOR.
United Press Staff Correspondent.
BERLIN, April ' 11. .Wurzbnrg
has been recaptured and Munich en
tirely surrounded by forces of the de
posed Socialist government, accord
ing to advices received here today.
After retreating from Nuremburz
to Bamberg, Premier Hoffman, of
Bavaria, and several of his ministers
are reported to have succeeded in
rallying a formidable anti-soviet
army consisting of soldiers, work
men, and students. A large force re
took Wurzburg (140 miles northwest
of Munich) from the Bolsheviki after
a brief encounter vesterdav. Most
of the soviet officials ahd soldiers
are said to have surrendered. An-,
other force has surrounded Munich,
completely isolating it . . -. vj
''". Have kren Chance.
The -35ch4deinann -overnmegtH
which has temporarily" removed to
Weimar, was represRdtoday as In
creasingly optimistic regarding the
situation In Bavaria. Restoration of
Socialist control is now believed to
have at least an even chance.
The general strike In Saxony and
the Ruhr district is reported to be
growing, but the government ha?
succeeded in regaining control of the
situation in Magdeburg (capital of
Saxony). Street fighting in that c j
resulted in heavy casualties.
Spartxcans stormed an unnamed
newspaper office in Hamburg but
their activities were reported to be
limited and government forces were
said greatly to outnumber the radi
cals In that city.
The situation in Berlin Istense. The
(Continued on Page 2, Column 3.)
NEW YORK. April 11 -Mrs. J. Boi
den Harriman, who has been active
in the service of the Red Cross over
seas, returned here today aboard the
liner Rotterdam for a brief rest, after
which she will again take up her du
ties as assistant director of the trans
portation corps of the American Red
Cross In France.
King Albert of Belglur- .vas gener
ous In his pralsc3 for uic American
soldier, according to Mrs. Harriman.
After witnessing a parade of .10,000
doughboys. King Albert remarked
that he had never seen so many men
I of such high mental and physical
qualities. Mrs. Harriman added: "The
United States had a solid wall of such
men from the north of France straight
s. s. g"eorgewashington
SAILS THIS AFTERNOON
NEW YORK. April 11.-Sailing un
der rush orders, the transport George
Washington otherwise known as the
Presidential liner, will Mart for
Brest at 1:30 o'clock this afternoon.
3 KOOMB and kitchenette, well fur
nished. J76 per month, available
the 1st. 730 13th at N W 1-3
Mr. Evans inserted the
above ad in two Wash
ington papers. Out of
30 applicants, 24 came
from The Times.
Phone The Times
Both Factions in Germany Defy Allies
WEIMAR, April 10 (Delayed). Foreign Minister BrockdorfF-Rantzau, ad
dressing the national assembly today, said:
"We will not sign a peace deviating from- the essential points contained, in the
PARIS, April 11. Spartacus leaders in Germany are-now freely announcing
that if they gain control of the government they will reject the peace treaty of
fered by the allies. ,
fRYlNG TO HATCH SOMETHING PERFECT OUT OF AN
ST. JOHNS., X. P. April 11. That
Lieut. Harry Hawker would start to
fly across the Atlantic in his Sop
wlth airplane some time today, was
the belief expressed by responsible
aircraft officials here. The govern
or inspected the plane this morning,
and it is believed trmt if sood
weather continues to prevail. Haw
ker may make his start this after
noon. Hawker's plane made a successful,
flight of thirty-five minutes from
the time of ascending here yesterday
afternoon. As the big plane left the
ground, it soared very high, looking
like a hugo bird In the western sky.
It took just seven mjnutes for Haw
ker to reach the desired altitude
when he sailed in the direction of
b'cts Radio Messages.
The wireless station thre cent
messages to Hawker, which he was
unablo to pick up. The elation at
Mt. Pearl, however, kept in continual
touch with tho machine al! through
(Continued on Page 0, Column 4.)
I Copyright: 1010: ByJotoT.McCntclKoa.1
Colonel House; Modern
Sphinx, Talks So Much
That He Loses Voice
PARIS. Apxil 11 Colonel House
was practically voiceless today.
He hasn't a cold, but haa talked
This was regarded as "going
some." In view of his established rep
utation for silencp
40 'GOBS' ATTACK 3
NEW YORK. April 11. Responding
to a cry of "Hey. Gobs!" more than
torty bailors attacked three special
officers at the Grand Central Terminal
early today, and n pitched battle, in
which night sticks were used freely,
was the result.
Anthony Shugsdlnis. a sailor, called
for help when the officers attempted
t" eject him from a balcony, follow
ing his demand for the release of a
woman who had been arrested. The
officers had placed the woman under
arrest when she abused them because
of tholr action In taking charge of
Miss Agnes Wilf-on. said to live In
Xyack, N. Y.. who had become hys
terical while waiting for a train.
Miss Wilson was sent to nellevue
Hospital. In the excitement that en
dued the woman undci arrest made her
TAKE BELL-AN'S BEFORE XZA&9
ad m bow Baa rood ilgmtioa aai joa fai.
Train and enginemen on lines of
the national railways today were
granted another increase in wages
hv Director General Hines. The
order affects more than 400,000 em
ployes, and the increases are retro
active to January 1. Claims of the
employes for time and a half for
overtime in road service were left
to a bi-partisan board for decision.
Practically completing the "war
cycle" of wage advances, Hines gave
the four great railroad brotherhoods
increases ranging from $15 to $53.30
for men paid by the month and from
$1.31 to $1.63 for men paid on a
per day basis over their 1917 wage
Readjust "In justices."
The advances are designed to read
Just "obvious injustices" wrought by
the general advance granted rail
workers May 25, 1918. Claims of the
conductors, trainmen, firemen and en
gineers have been pending sinco last
December. Consideration of the case
has occupied the time of the Railroad
Administration wage board since the
first of the year, when the hearings
Only an approximate estimate of
(Continued on Pago 0, Column 7.)
BUDAPEST, April 11 Heavy
fighting occurred in Agrana (Hun
gary), -when Serbian troop attempt
ed to restore order during a riot
which, developed in a peasants' mass
meeting, a flume dispatch reports.
Several radical agitators were ar
rested. LONDON, April 11. King Ferdi
nand of Bumania. expressed, iear of
the Hungarian, menace and predict
ed war between Kj country and Htm
gary, in an interview with the
Bucharest correspondent of the
"Do the peacemakers realize our
position," said Ferdinand. MWe are
a little island at the end of Europe
surrounded by enemies. Unless wa
are able to resist our enemies the ef
ficient life of Europe is menaced.
"Bumania never made peace with
the enemy. No brute force caw
oblige an entire people to deny it
instincts and tradition. I am very
hopeful for the future osce Eelsiev
iara iremeved,, lily people: are all
T0.BEGIK IM HUNGARY,
i LATEST REFUGEES SAY
BERLIN. April 9. via. Paris, April
11. A rclgm of terror" la about to
begin in Hungary, according- to re
ports brought here by 500 refugees.
They arrived from Budapest on a spo
clal train, which they said would fc
the last .the soviet authorities wool!
allow to depart.
The refugees, most of when on
Germans, declared an allied array of
10.000 Could sweep tho country. They
j said the majority of workmen, as well
as the bur&cislc, would help tfa
allies drive out the Bolsheviki, as a
lesult of general dissatisfaction with
the Communist experiment.
Street fighting Is increasing, la
Budapest. Tho r&ttia ct machine sua
and riftc Crc continues. &y and nlrht.
Business is paralyzed. Shops and
factories arc ciorcd. and tho banks
are controlled by mon who know
nothing of banking.
Crowds of soldiers raj sailors "hold
up men and women on ttj streets,
searching- them for money andVaw- t
dry. They even Invade cafcsZJIJid
other public places, dcroarviimrtit '
every one produce their purse. -17 i
then collect half from each.
LENINE PLANS TO PUSH
BOLSHEVIK RULE IN
BALKANS, SAY REPORTS
Ienine plans to push Bolsheviki
domination into the Balkans, accord
ing to diplomatic advice today.
Rumania and Jugo-Slavia ax
marked as the next victims of th
proletariat invasion, the advices re
port, and detailed campaigns have
been worked out at Moscow to win
over both countries both by propa
ganda and military force.
Odessa's capture, it is learned, was
in direct line with Lenine'a designs
on Rumania. The city is already
being made the base for the Reds In
vasoin of Rumania from the EAxt.
This drive is to be launched, it Is un
derstood, simultaneously with the
Hungarian attack on Rumania from
LONDON. April 11. Violent fight
ing has taken place between Hun
garians and Czechs at TTngvar, near
th Moravian-Hungarian border, say
A Central Xews dispatch from An
ittnrdAm. One hundred and fifty
Hungarians were killed. The Czochs
also had consmeraDJe losses.
RUSSIA WET AGAIN
LONDON, April 11.
Several Russian Soviets have
defied the flrtoscoW Soviet
government and are per
mitting ihe making of
vodka, according to a dis
patch to tiie Daily Express.
" . 'jT7
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