THE WASHINGTON TDIES; FRIDAY; APRIL 11," 1919.
EUEF OF ENVOYS
(Continued from First Page.)
eaused by the Republican filibuster
btter than was expected, and that
there is no pressing need for the ex
IN FIGHT FOR .MONROE
DOCTRINE IN PACT
PARIS, April 11. President Wil
Bon personally announced at two
o'clock this morning1 that the- Monroo
doptrine has been specifically ex
empted from any interference by the
league of nations. This announce
ment followed a session of the league
of nations commission which started
early last evening and lasted until
well after one o'clock this morning.
The committee's action represents
one of the greatest victories won by
the Americans to date.
The President personally moved for
the adoption of the exemption as a
specific article in. the league of na
tions' covenant. A general debate
followed, and the President's move
was finally unanimously agreed to.
Geaeva Flnrt Capital
The League of Nations also selected
Geneva, Switzerland, as the first home
of the league.
The decisions arrived at by the
committee are subject to ratification
by the denary session of the council
which will be called when the report
It is the general Intention of a ma
jority of members of the committee
to urge that the initial meeting of the
Ieague of Nations be held in "Wash
ington next October, coincident with
the meeting "there of the International
In addressing the league of Nations
committee. President Wilson made an
. impassioned plea for the adoption of
the clause specifically exempting the
Monroe Doctrine. He declared that
while it -was agreed by a majority of
the members of the committee that the
I original preamble of the league of
j r at ions constitution exuqpicu mc
J Monroe Doctrine, public sentiment in
the tfnlted States was Insistent that
tlie time honored Doctrine be com
I pletely -protected from any possible
misunderstanding. Followlpg his
j speech the committee at once took the
j matter up in general debate and the
! unanimous agreement resulted.
Early Evening 'Wasted.
Despite the -fact that the President
i had been up since before 9 o'clock
j yesterday morning, .he devoted the
j whole of last evening to fighting
for the exemption of the Monroo Doc-
trine. The early part of the evening
was wasted debating unimportant
questions, the French delegates lead
ing in the discussions. They de
! manded that the text be printed In
I French alone. Other delegates in
j slsted that the text be printed In both
French and English
women delegates also spent much
time In arguing for complete repre
sentation ana equal rights.
When the League of ,Natipns com
mittee finally adjourned early this
morning eleven articles had been
completed. Xhcu&onree Doctrine, ex
emption .clause was added as a sepa
rate article, which also fncludfed rec
ognition of all specific agreements
making for the peace of the world.
Although plainly fatigued, the
President was very happy when he
was leaving the committee meeting.
Asked whether he could make any
statement for publication, he said:
"We are making' good progress."
The President then explained that
the Monroe doctrine had been spe
cifically exempted. Officials generally
accepted his announcement as mean
ing that the greatest obstacle to the
ratification of the peace treaty in the
United States had been removed.
The Japanese equality amendment
was not" reached during the night's
discussion. The Japanese delegates,
when asked about it, said they had
not yet made up their -minds whether
to press their amendment before the
league of nations committee or wait
and Jrlng It before a meeting of the
. plenary council.
It Is understood that while the de
bates on the various questions waxed
warm at times, there was no bitter
cess at alL It was apparent that the
delegates only desired to secure ab
. solute agreement whereby all nations
"Will be in accord when the treaty la
Today's meeting of the plenary
council, which is being held to take
up the labor covenant, is the first
session of that body since President
Wilson's return from America. The
Here's What President
Wilson Fought For
THE MONROE DOCTRINE.
Monroe doctrine." was enunciated in the following
President Monroe's message to Congress December
"In the discussions to which thb interest has given rise, and
in the arrangements by which they may terminate, the occasion
has been deemed proper for asserting, as a principle in which
rights and interests of the United States are involved, that the
American continents, by the free and indepenednt condition which
they have assumed and maintain, are henceforth not to be con
sidered as subjects for future colonization by any European power.
We. owe it, therefore, to candor and to the amicable rela
tions existing between the United States and those powers to de
clare Ahat we should consider any attempt on their part to extend
their system to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous to our
peace and safety.
"With the existing colonies or dependencies of any European
power we have not interfered and shall not interfere. But with
the governments who have 'declared their independence and main
tain it, and whose independence we have, on great consideration
and on just principles, acknowledged, we could not view any in
terposition for the purpose of oppressing them or controlling in
any other manner their destiny by any European power in any
other light than as the manifestation of an unfriendly disposition
toward the United' States."
Nourishes, strengthens and Invlgo
I rates, steadies the nerves, balances
the blood and clears the brain; ex
IhiiarateB but does not stimulate, says
i the Doctor. Read his full statement
.in this paper soon.
meeting 'today is fraught with espe
cial significance, inasraucn, as it win
be followed by another session aopn
to clear up the League of Nations
Every effort is now being made to
hurry tho completion of the treaty.
The actual work .of approving the
various planks is now expected to be
finished not later than next Mpnday.
The: experts will then frame .the var
Pressure from England, where Lord
Northcllffs papers are attacking
Premier Lloyd George, has resulted
In the determination .of the British
premier to return to London, prob
ably next Tuesday, and personally
address the House of Commons to ex
plain his position.
Meanwhile the Italian situation is
fast clearing up. Positive promises
that the Italian economic situation
will be taken care of by America is
said to be hastening a settlement of
Italy's problem. Whether Flume Is
finally Internationalized or awarded
to the Slovacs, It Is believed here that
the Italians will be satlsfl,ed. Premier
Orlando, it is known, has sent a per
sonal representative to Italy to ex
plain that while the result of -the
treaty first appears to be unsatisfac
tory, promises have been made-which
will assure the nation the greatest
Date of Retera Unsettled.
Following the declaration that
President Wilson had decided to re
lease the George Washington for
another round trip to the United
States before tlhe, .returns home, this
positive statement was made "today
by' qne of the highest officials with
the President's party:
"The statement Is most foolish.
Whether the George Washington
makes another round trip to Ame'ripa
prior to carrying the President home
depends absolutely on the results be
tween today and when the George
Washington arrives,- Wfille thj
American delegation is most hopeful,
nevertheless those closest to the
President Insist that a settlement
must be made In accordance with the
fourteen points which were agreed
to by the allies. Unless this is ac
complished the United States will not
agree. The progress up to the pres
ent has been fine, but there is still
much awaiting accomplishment-"
Foreign Secretary Balfour filed a
motion for reference of the report of
committee on International labor leg
islation to the "big four" which would
decide whether the report, should be
Included In a peace treaty or consti
tute a separate convention. It Is un
derstood the "big four" favors hand
ling the report separately from the
G. N. Barnes, labor representative in
the British cabinet, filed a motion
slightly altering the report, whereby
recognition would be given the pe
culiar working conditions in the
Orient, which make absolute uni
formity of labor legislation impossible.
PARIS, April 11. After yesterday's
session of ' the Senate, the Senators
signed the following resolution:
"The members of the Senate of the
French Republic, once more voicing
their desire that the international
conferences at present in session
draft a treaty worthy of the victory
of the allied armies and of such a
nature as to establish peace and jus
tice throughout the world, express
the hope that full restitution will be
exacted from the enemy, together
with reparation for damage caused
to persons and property, and that
the full cost of the war will be im
posed on those responsible for the
greatest crime of history.
"The Senators are resolved to insist
that the peace treaty and league of
nations provide legal and territorial
guarantees sufficiently strong to pre
vent future wars and preclude all
provocations which might lead to
Carter's Little Liver Pills
A"regetable remedy that always sires prompt relief in const!.
H&kl Banishes that tired feelmg altogether and puts you
rigbt orer-mght, simulates the Lhrer gently, hot quickly restor
mg k to fall and aealtby action, and the stomach and bowels
tstfeirMtiiral reactions. Making life worth Iiviig.
(Continued from First Page.)
city Is .quiet, however, under the siege
conditions directed by "War Minister
The government has taken special
precautions to protect the Red Cross
Mission which is housed in theAmerl
can embassy? The square in front of
that building is bristling with machine
guns and armed motor cars from a
constant patrol. Although the na
tional soviet congress has developed
unmistakably radical tendencies, It
apparently doesnot dare to undertake
DENIES BAVARIAN ENVOY .
TO BERLIN HAS RECEIVED '
INSTRUCTIONS TO QUIT
BERLIN, April 10, via London,
April 11. The private secretary of
von Preger, Bavarian minister to
Berlin, today denied that he had re
ceived a letter from the Bavarian
soviet government instructing Preger
to present his resignation, thus
breaking off relations with the Ger
man government. He adds that if the
letter arrived Preger would pay no
attention to It since he represents
the Hoffman government.
The governments of Prussia, Sax
ony, and German-Austria are expect
ed to announce today that they will
recognize, only the Hoffman govern
ment, Wuertemburg, ' Hessen, and
Baden having issued a joint declara
tion to this effect yesterday.
Leaders in the soviet congress in
session here were extremely indig
nane today over the refusal of the
government to release Ledebour,
radical leader. "The Prussian govern
ment, replying'to the demand of the
congress, stated that It would not
transmit the soviet petition to the
courts for action elnce it was based
OFF FOR ENGLAND
MRS. PETER COOPER HEWITT,
Of New York, wife of the famous
American scientist and Inventor,
photographed on board the liner
Aqultania, bound for England.
Mrs. Hewitt is accompanied by
her son, who, upon arrival in Eng
land, will be placed In Eton College.
on an alleged Immunity which could
not be legally recognized.
The military apparently have tha
situation well In hand here and con
tinue to make an effective show of
strength In view of plans for great
demonstrations to accompany the
general strike scheduled for today.
Two sections o fthe city have been
completely Isolated. All streets be
tween Potsdammestrasse, Prince Al
brechtstrasse and the Eejpzlger and
ZImmerstrassen are held by the mili
tary. Magdeburg contlnuesthe'eenter of
the greatest unrest and' plundering.
Government soldiers are participat
ing in the looting. At Essen the-first
strike in the history of the famous
Krupp gun works has left the cty iu
darkness. All shops- are closed.
BASLE. Aorll 11. The allies have
-notified the German government that
Bavaria will not be included in the
peace treaty, a dispatch from. Stutt
gart reported today.
Such action by the allies would be
regarded as virtual recognition of the.
Independence of Bavaria, though not
necessarily of the new Soviet government.
BERLIN, April 11. Phillip Schelde
mann, premier of the German govern
ment, declared that Germany must
demand a plebiscite In1 Alsace, in a
speech before the national assembly,
according to dispatches from Wei
Scheidemann said that the war in
the cast will soon be ended.
"We cannot let the shaping of In
ternal affairs be forced upon us by
Russia," he added.
"Who shall really see Jetms when He
comes again?" E. Hex Swem, -pastor.
Centennial Bmpt. Ch 7th and Eye n. e.,
Ap. 13, 8 p. m. 1-11
Easiness Hon rat P A. M. to P. M. Pally.
IP? ? IBIll
Hats for EasterWear
SOME men would think better
of this P. B. special if we
asked $5 for it.
But many others prefer to
save the extra dollar, so long as
the $5 style is there.
Original new styles, colors
that last, wear that is guaran
teed. P. B. Soft Hats $3 to $10
P. B. Stiff Hats $4 to $6
Stetson Soft Hats .
Stetson Stiff Hats.
$7 to $10
$7 & $8
Early Return Promise
Expected to Put End to
Yank Mutiny in Russia
American troops id northern Bussia will be reassured
by the War Department that their tenure of Arctic service
against the Bplsheviki will soon be over.
Last Man Out by June.
Chief of -Staff March already tias are worst. These are the centers of
announced that the last man should
be out of that region by June 1. Re
assurances are expected here to quiet
the unrest anions: American troops,
some of whom mutinied several days
ago as a climax to a Jon? period of
discontent at being: held in service.
The refusal of some of theso troops
to go into front-line trenches, an
nounced by the "War Pepartroent late
yesterday, has not b,een unexpected.
It is known here. The morale of all
the allied forces in north Russia Is
exceedingly bad. That of the British
is generally rated best, the Tanks
second, while the French morale In
understood to be very bad.
Allied Troops BlHtlay.
Unofficial reports have told of mu
tinies in recent weeks both in the
British and French forces in north
Russia, but up until March SO the
American soldjers, while frequently
grumbling at their lot, had not re
fused to go to the front. Thus they
are the last to break out.
The spirit of the forces In the
Archangel region has been known
for some time to the allied leaders in
Paris, and has served to increase the
favor there for fighting the Bolshe
vik! with food Instead of men and
The food offensive as finally de
veloped Is to setup & virtual relief
organization to feed. Bussia, par
ticularly the cities where conditions
the Bolshevlki activity.
hoped that by giving the people sus
tenance, Bolshevism will diminish.
British Sead Vetera.
Meantime the British are sending
seasoned veterans to Archangel to
bolster -morale there.
While there is a total of only about
5.000 American troops in Archangel,
they have seen some ratner o"
fighting since the first of the year,
and on several occasions have been
subjected to the fir of Bolshevik ar
tillery while occupying snow ana -covered
trenches. The reported mu
tiny occurred in a unit almost wholly
composed of selective service men
from Michigan. f
The Incident caused considerable
comment here, particularly among,
Senators and Congressmen who nave
demanded that the troops In Russia
be returned home. Army officials ex
pressed no alarm at the situation, de
claring that the men would be
brought back home as promised, and
sooner, if possible.
HEADS FRENCH CXTJB.
Melvin W. Sandmyer has been
elected president of the French Club of
the Washington Salon. Other officers
elected were Miss Martha Prewe!tt,flrst
vice president; Mrs. Henry Krogstad,
treasurer; tMIas Gertrude A. Ander
son, recording secretory; Miss Anna
f ftault. eorresnondlnrr secretary.
nd Lieut William F- Hornlg, financial
Balacs Hwwi 8 A. M. to 8 V. M. Pally.
Easter Shirts and
Furnishings for Men
In Fabrics, Models, Workmanship
and Values' It Isn't tin the Cards W
Produce Anything Finer!
WOMEN are especially in
vited to inspect our Easter
display. They can safely select
shirts and furnishings for. the
men, because for over twenty
five years we have bought for
men ana know just what they
Unless we miss our guess women
will be greatly surprised by the
complimentary manner in which
the men will receive their selec
tion. MEN'S NECKWEAR
of Silk, Crepe or Foulard. ...... .65c
of Poplin or English Foulard 85c
of Barathea, Foulard or Crepe. .$1.00
of Silk Poplin $1.15
of Grenadine, Twill or Mocador $1.50
of Keys-Cloth, Zurich Moire,
etc $2.50 to $3.50
of Chamois $1.15"
Dent's make $1.85
of Silk $1.50 to $2.50-
Fownes make $3.00 to $3.50
of Mocha $4.00 and $4.50
of Percale $2.00
of Printed Madras $2.50
of Woven Madras $3.00
of Madras or Panama
Fiber .' $4.00 to $5.00
in a complete range of
silks $6.00 to $13.50
of Silk plain, clocked or
fancy 75c to $1.50
of Hickory, Cherry, Malacca, Penang,
Nigera or Whangee. .$1.50 to $10.00
STDNET, Aostrallflf, April 11
Australians have learned to appre
ciate the value of the -American sol
dier In the world war, according to
the late Lieut. Cecil Healy, of tho
Australian expeditionary forces, an
International swimming champion,
killed last summer in France.
Lieutenant Healy, one of the hest
swimmers In the world over the lon
and middle distance courses, com
peted at the Olympic games In Stock
holm. In a letter to a friend here he
"Until America ranged herself
definitely on our side. I entertained
strong misgivings as to what the ul
timate Issue would be. but when the
United States declared war, the Teu
ton's chances of obtaining world
domination vanished forever in my
estimation. I -at once ventured to
prophesy amongst my coterie of
friends that it would be Yankee
brains, Yankee wealth and resources
alone that would enable us to stave
"To any group of soldiers that I
happened to come upon in our camp
that were discussing the Yankees, I
told that I had made one of a bunch
of athletes who left Australia to com
pete against Americans at the Olym
pic games. We were convinced, I as
sured them, that the Yanks were all
talk as was supposed.
"Ultimately we returned to Aus
tralia with the firm impression that
the Yank was about as worthy an ad
versary as would be met with In. any
hemisphere." Lieutenant Healy was
killed in the Australians capture of
Mont. St. Quentln.
COLUMBUS, Ohio. April II. Hemer
S. Cummins, chairman of the Demo
cratic National Committee, calls op
ponents of the League of Nations
In the Senate "the unholy al
liance," predicting that their
stubbornness will not be upheld by
the tank and file of the Repualkaa
"The League of Nations issue will
probably be an Issue in the aext Presi
dential election. This wHl be so Ub
Ie,ss the Senate ratifies, the league
covenant." said Cummins.
The Democratic party Is 100 per
cent behind the league, and those of
"intelligent leadership" in the Repub
lican ranks are supporting it, sail
Thre are still more than 1M9M
"deBghBoys" overseas. Bay War Sav
ings Stamp and aelp ferlag taeat
M Am facxyarfTe Cob Burnt flH
M CewfwftaBetaad Bj
Balaesa Hwwi A. M. a P. M. Pally.
Shops for Boys
On the 2nd Floor
EVERYTHING YOUR BOY
REQUIRES AND WANTS
Boys' Suits . . f
Wash Suits .$2.00 to $70L
(2 tO 10) ' ;Ur,:
Wash Norfolk Suits. .. .$4.00-to-$12M
(8 to 18)
Fancy Woof Suits. &. .$8.75 to $25.00
Blue Serge SuitsX..!$lofrO-to $25.00
(8 to 18)
Blue Serge Sailor Suits $10.00 to $13.50
w (3 to 10)
A complete assortment. . .$5 to$X239
(2J4 to 10)
AH-wool Blue Serge
(straight) $2 anT$2.5
(4 to 10) '
All-ool Blue Serge
Knickers $2.50 to $3.50
(8 to 18)
Fancy Mixed Knickers. .$2.00 to $4.50
(8 to 18) .
Boys' Blouses $1 to $4.50
Boys' Shirts $1.25 to $4.50
Shirts and Drawers, each. .50c to $1.00
Union Suits 75c to $2.00
Full length Stockings 50c to 75c
Socks 39c and 50c
Boys' Neckwear 39c to $1.00
Boys' Pajamas $1.50 to $2.50
Boys' Sweaters $3.50 to $7.50
Golf Caps 69c to $3.00
Stra-w Hats $2.00 to $6.00
Wash Hats . . , 50c to $1.50
The Avenue at Ninth
The Avenue at Ninth
The Avenue at Ninth
ROSY CHEEKS ZSS!anCaiUA'akgm1nm,mfkmmooi' Pal or
&& JAKillK'5 IKUN FILLS
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