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Fair today n tomor row; little change 1b tem perature. TeinpcratHre at 8 a. m., a degree. Normal temperatnre lor April 15 for last tairty Tear, 82 NUMBER 11,132. Published every evening (Including Sunday) Entered as second-class matter, at iue postoftfeo at Washington. r. c. WASHINGTON, SATURDAY EVENING, APRIL 12, 1919. (Gosag WaD Street Prices PRICE TWO CENTS. , 4 By ARTHUR BRISBANE. (Copyright. 191S.) Every American is ctrugRlinfr. get money to leave to his chil dren, and strusKlinff, although he doesn't now it, to take from his children their chance of success. Young Quintard inherited one million from the Ouintard Iron PR0PA - '- i Works. He was younsr. He might J Today His Party Ended. Big "Inducements." Nice Lion, Eat. Spending $800,000,000. FINAL. r EDITION WW8 BOLSHEVIK GANDA works if that had been made necessary. He did a poor job spending the aulhon when THAT was made accessary for him. . jfe was married twice, divorced twice, sued for breach of promise twice, in a short time. He said that July first was coming too soon. He would have "one long rty, while parties were still the fashion." Now they pick him up dead at 2 clock in the morning halfway down an iron stairway leading pom a roof garden. His "party" had been interrupted before July first. Any man can succeed in spite of ojgtyjfew succeed-in spite of Sixty-five million dollars an nually ; are added to the pay of men on railroads. Those that dislike Government management and hate Government ownership weep and wall But is it really such a bad thing t Sixty-fiye millions will go to workmen, and by them be im mediately poured into trade, sav ings banks, and home building. Is it such a bad thins to add fiixty-five millions of dollars to the W7 of two or three millions of sen? "Wbaldit have been better to use this amount of money to! build up another single fortune of a thou sand: millions? Consider only the -welfare of the prosperous class. Isn't it better for TPEM to have little people get two or three hundred dollars a year more each, and Trith. It a feel ing of contentment, especially as the money, freely distributed, a Irrigation distributes -water, adds to commercial fertility and general prosperity? The railroads this year have added is all eight hHndred million dollars to the pay of railroad workers. The men work hard, iave famllfes to support Can any 4y Suggest a better way of sIM&g tight hundred million ioHarsf -f '-Parte 'Statea to feed the Bel-. r. liaise will caasge sdEkewhere. It 3e ttgkjuaaiv o aaafe-A fir, having "reached the mi$&te of the jungle, were heard te say, "Nice lion, here's a loaf "of bread. Nice lion, eat it up and be pood. There Is something energetic in Bolshevism, not -easy to deal with. The power Is explained by the fact that people kept down mer eislessly were suddenly released, like the exploding of a "gas tank, and the further fact that they were so miserable and dissatisfied ander the Czar that they had nothing to lose, and nothing could seem worse. On the whole the process of feeding, and proving that there are ways to be happy outside of Bolshevism, may be the wisest kind of anti-Bolshevik fight One hundred and eighty million Rus sians in a territory bigger than the United States present a big fighting problem. Individuals that exploit the Streets and other public property are able to offer considerable "in ducements." George E. Thompson, a New York jState senator, swears he was promised in one short luncheon that if he would vote to increase street -car fares in New York, which: would mean taking thirty millions a year from working peo ple, he would be made governor of the State, could come to New York, go into the law business, and make fifty thousand a year, and they would guarantee him a "fund" of $500,000. Hie fund was to be spent elect ing him governor. That was the polite way of putting it The meaning was "stick the $500,000 in your pocket." "Inducements" as great have been offered before, and the prom ises have been made good. That is why you see retired politicians looking prosperous. The people have no such induce ments to offer for faithful service. That accounts partly for the high cose of living, including the high cost of street car fares. One honest man in the New York State senate appears to have stopped one steal for the moment, but you cannot count on that sort of eccentricity as a general thing. The Monroe doctrine is to be definitely "mentioned" in the peace covenant. For the mention, many thanks. A MENTION is the least that Monroe's doctrine deserves, considering how well Jt has worked for peace on this continent for some time. It took Europe to drag us into war. The best protection for the Mon roe doctrine, however, is not c mention. It is the fifty billion an nual income of the United States, the hundred million population, and the sixteen million tons of shipping that the Government now owns or is building. It would be a good thing for (Continued on Page 2, Column 3.) fcskL4fai - -.Jr..!.- ..-.. - i-,ipmi ' T-i,ian.ii aart HIGH COST OF OPERATION D NEW IE RATES Hecent 20 per cent increase of tel-J egrapa Taxes was neceaeuatea oy the same reason that forced other in dustries to increase .the; jprice of products and service as much as 100 per cent .to obviate financial (col lapse' Postmaster General Burleson announced toaay. - - ? In a lengthy stafemwt, setting forth his reasons for boosting tele graph tolls, he declared: ' ' "The time Has now come when? it no leager is possible to render tele graph, service to the industries of the country at pre-war prices." Coa-pariesa Ib Made.. 'fTh iacr0aeijO'ts9Otper ceat in tfel 3 ; v t- mtfrysx in: 'immv. i ia aoj8parisoii is leas Taan wax feastf -necessary to add to- tie railroad f frjtraieS,'ti&& is- bq greater than cave .been made- generally la other public utility rateable: order to obvi- ate financial colIaMe'.' ; Increased cost pi labor and ma- terial have been rendered heavier by the fact that business' has fallen off since the signing of the armistice, Mr. Burleson said. And meantime wholesale prices in the country have risen steadily since the latter part of 1915 until they have reached the stage around 200 per cent more than the 1915 figures. They' have receded but slightly since the signing of the armistice, he said. At the same time there has ' been "a steady ' and enormous increase of all costs" en tering into the operation of utilities. "It requires only common sense and elementary arithmetic to dis colse that the ocurse inevitably brought the properties to a point where revenues were no longer ade quate to cover costs," said Mr. Burle son. Increased Operating Coat. Fh InrrAAAA tn nnrntlner vnnaA ' due to larger number of employes and higher wage rates for the West ern Union, will amount to 127,608,000 this year, while the gross revenues Continued on Page 2, Column 4.) U. S. SECTS BARRED OTTAWA. April 12 Strong pres sure is being brought to bear upon the Government by Western Canada the government by Western Canada to bar from the country members of certain American religious sects that had opposed the war. The feeling among Canadian vet erans is running especially high be cause of the German descent of many of the immigrants In question. The veterans have served notice that "they will take the law into their own hands if the government does not act." The government has been urged to close all ports of entry against Americans until the movement ceases. but refused. KILLED IN WAR LONDON. April 12. How almost an entire family was wiped out by the war was told here today by T. W. Smithers, a youthful veteran of the conflict. Smlthers' father and four brothers were all killer in one day while they were fighting with the British on the Sommc. Smlthers' mother and three sisters were all killed by German bombs. Smlthers himself enlisted when he was thirteen and fought throughout the war. TAKE BEXX-AXS BKFOBE HEALS and see bow fine good dlreitlon makes you feel. AdvC ftMior Mil W WIUII stonnsk a. n"?m -fs-a'sar CANADIAN VETS ASK NINE IN FAMILY CAUSE OF HOW IS THIS FOR AUDACITY? COPENHAGEN, April 12. A secret conference hat just been held in Moscow with Nicholai ' Lenine pre siding, at which it was de cided to chaage the Bol shevik policy "so as to ar range for money concessions from the United States," ac cording to a report from Petrograd today III SPEED CEIFUGIT PLAI UigX. JOHNS. Newfoundland; April 12, - 7Ma4or C W. F, Morgan: e prlpatil ;JKwr3sMHjrf2rea. jtrynr who' 5ttred JoteC i -Sadtcni np&H&&r&gi (eedfng'jpTaits for.a fligb: uis sauicf . . ii wj&s toaay? Joeeding'rplaits for.-.a fllg across the Atlantic ijl the Martinsyde tlan.t'le i the Marti plane which ,he. brought bvjsr Mm. Morgan jhopes. tptnake his before the larcer -Sonwith nlane with .start before the larger "Sopwith plans with which Harry Hawker plans to make the flight, can take the air. Major Morgan's theory is that his smaller plane, with its narrower wing spread-will not require the same calm weather conditions necesary for Haw ker. Hawker was all prepare to make the flight yesterday afternoon but was prevented by a stiff northwest wind and light snow showers. Major Morgan has already leased a field near St. Johns and expects to be ready to start before Hawker is ready for another flight. Keen interest is manifested in the contest to be- the first to cross the Atlantic in an airplane. Until Mor gan's arrival. Hawker and Lieutenant Commander Grieve, his navigator, have had a clear 'field. Morgan's pilot is F. H. Baynard, a veteran flyer. Few details are known regarding the Martinsyde machine. The wings are twenty-six feet over all and have a forty-one-foot span. It is consid erably smaller in size than Hajvker'j Sopwith plane. CROSS-SEAS BIRDMAN TO LEAVE LIMERICK TUESDAY LIMERICK. Ireland. April 12. Aviator "Woods expects to start on his trans-Atlantic flight from this placo next Tuesday. Final preparations are under way today, although the airman himself will not arrive until tomorrow. The airplane Is belns overhauled and put in shape for a final trial filRht. The weather conditions are bad. FLIES FROM LONDON TO PARIS IN 1 HOUR, 15MIN. LONDON, April 12. A record night between London and I'ari.-. during which the airman maintained an av erage speed of 172 miles an hour, has just been made, the air ministry an nounces. The pilot, who is a member of the army flying corp.. made the trip In one hour and fifteen minutes. After listening to the instructions and charges of Justice Stafford the Jury, which heard the case of the Baltimore Feds against Organized Baseball for $900,000 damages for al leged violation of the Sherman anti trust law, retired at 10:45 o'clock this morning. When the attorneys for b'oth sides had finished their addresses yesterJ day afternoon. Justice Stafford asked the Jury whether tney preferred to receive their instructions then or thfcs morning. They unanimously de clared! for this morning. BALTIMORE FEDS' SUIT GOES TO JURY NATIONWIDE STRIKEOF. PINE GIRLS CHEDULED BOSTON, April JL2. The strike voted by upward of &000 Boston ana .New England telephone oper-l awrs tor next 'ruesdayr to enforce their, demands for higher wages, wSf be merely the forerunner of a nation wide strike now scheduled for next month, according to "union leaders. G. M. Bugniazet, international vice president of he Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, in addressing a strike meeting of Boston telephone operators, asks them to take no ac tion at this time. He told them that it was not a case of lack of sympathy on the part of international officers) out merely a question, of union la- 'lBrMkkM Wlreti the fitovfilHe JocalS affilia ted Vjth the Ne,w Pfflattd Joint-council of telephone workers- polled an overwhelming strike vote on Febru ary 28, this action was Indorsed by the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers. Telephone work ers' unions in other sections of the country went on record as favoring a strike. But the international offi cers found that certain other lens must be fulfilled. Another set of al lots for a referendum vote on tho question of special assessments to finance the strike were sent out. It Is expected that tabulation of the special assessment ballots will take until May J. Then It is expected the International will issue its order for a nation-wide strike. It is probable that the 12,000 male members of the telephone depart ments of the International Brother hood of Electrical Workers, who have already voted to strike will Join the girls' in their demands for increased wages, and to retain the principles' wt .wici.tic uaiaiuiUK tuicii were effective before the government took over the telephone line?. Many new American citizens are be ing gained as a rerult of the Ameri canization courses that have been es tablished ia the army honpitals of the country, the War Dp: . tment an nounced today. These courses are conducted by the educational service of the physical re construction division, and consist of instruction for illiterates, the study of American history and government and general physic. At the New Haven, nospital .recently twenty-eight men vere accepted for citizenship, it was stated. 1) .. E Plans for an lntcr-allicd war medal the "Victory Medal" have been completed, after conferences In which all allied countries were represented, Chief of Staff March announced to day. All men who have seen fifteen days. Ir more, active service in the United States or abroad will receive the medal. On its obverse side the "Victory Medal" will bear a winged victory and on the reverse side, the Inscrip tion: "The Great War For Civili sation." The ribbon will be a double rain bow, with the red in the middle. .For battle service a Bilve rciasp, bearing the name of the engagement, will be worn with the medal. For each citation for bravery for which no specific medal was awarded a small .sliver star will be worn on the rlh bon. j AMERICANIZE MEN IN A1Y HOSPITALS VCTORY MEDAL PLANS C1PLEI YANK MAY 1 PEACE NEW HOPE ENVOYS a: DISPUTES EN H3 COPENHAGEN, April 12- dispatch from Weimar today -reported that the national as-, sembly had adopted a resolution 1 warning that if a "violent peace" were dictated, Germany will "ad dress an eleventh hour appeal to all mankind." PARIS, April 12. Talk of an "Eas ter Peace" today had given way to promise of a "May Day Peace." While' the most chronic optimists admitted the-last hope of .peace by; .i-kJi r r . - at - . . m - paa vmsneq,: 3S mac me 4 i .. . t . - xMiM. .n iTT'- .- t ' ieasry '- Peraonfs' dose, tp t&e "biff four" Intimated that an, agreement ba ihrtually been reached now on all Im portant Questions reparation, re sponsibility for tho war, the Saar Valley, disposition of Fiume and Danzig and German boundaries. The military, naval and aerial 'terms of the treaty have "been completed for weeks. The revised League of "Na tions covenant is ready for submis sion to a plenary session. League to Supervise Saar. An Instance of how the covenant is interwoven with the treaty is pro vided in the settlement of the Saar problem. The "big four" agreed that region would be under political su pervision of the league for a period of yearo while France controls the important coal mines there, final ownership of which 'will be deter mined by a plebiscite direction by the league. The league commission, at last night's meeting, approved the remain ing articles of the redraft. It was understood that neither the Japanese amendment ror racial equality, nor the French amendment for an inter national general staff were intro duced. Both nations, according to unofficial information, 'reserved the right to submit these amendments to the plenary session for general dis cussion. The new article providing for rec ognition of the Monroe doctrine. It was learned today, declares substan tially that nothing in the covenant shall be construed as invalidating treaties- of arbitration or regional agreements such as the Monroe doc trine. Opped by China. -' Although aX Hrst reported that ac ceptance of the new article was unan imous, it is understood the Chinese opposed it on the ground that it might validate Japanese claims in (Continued on Page 2, Column 1.) E OHIO FOR LEAGUE Three-fourths of the people of Ohio are for the league of nations. Senator Atlee Pomerene declared this morning on his return from a tour throughout the state. The actual opposition to the league of nations in any form will be reduced to less than one-half of the remaining one-quarter, Pomerenei said, after the whole proposition is fully understood by the people. "The Monroe doctrine amendment, as reported In dispatches from Paris, seems very satisfactory to me," he said, "and I believe It will be a big fac tor in clearing away many of the ob jections. The signers of the 'round robin' will find plenty of excuses In the amendments now being adopted to change their position on the league of nations plan. But the real reason for their change of attitudo will be that they have discovered that the largo majority of the people of the country want a league of nations." IS OF 01 N PLEDGES Text of Monroe Doctrine Clause in League Pact PARIS, April 12.-rWhile the exact text of the Monroe Doctrine amendment will not be made public until the revised, covenant is submitted. to the plenary session, it was-learned' today to be substantially as follows: "Nothing in the covenant shall be' construed as invalidating treaties- of arbitration or regional agreements, such as? the Monroe Doctrine." The text of Section X. as it stood in the first published draft of. the League of Nations covenant was as follows: The high contracting parties shall undertake to respect and preserve jis against external aggression of territorial integrity and existing political independence of all States members of the League. In case, of any such, aggression or in case of any threat or danger of such aggression the Executive Council shall advise upon the means by which the obligation shall be. fulfilled. , , M isssxa LONDON. April 12; No defendant ever arraigned before. a " tribunal of justice was -ver accused of niore crimes than William HoHenzoHern. the ex-Kaiser of' Germany, will "be, if he la placed on trial In one of the allied countries charged with war-responsibility and its attendant horrors. No fewer than thirty varieties of crime are enumerated In the list com piled fey the subcommittee of the com mission on war responsibility In Paris. These crimes will blacken the name of Germany and her accom plices for many years to come. One of the main features Is the di versity of the charges, reaching out Into every branch of culpability. The list, as received from Paris in cludes: Massacre of civilians, put ting to death of hostages; torture of civilians, starvation of civilians, abduction of girls and women, de portation of civilians. Internment of civilians under brutal conditions, forced labor of civilians in connec tion with military operations of the enemy, usurpation of sovereignty during military occupation, compul sory enlistment of soldiers among in habitants of occupied territory, pil lage, confiscation of property, ex action of Illegitimate or of exorbitant contributions and requisitions, de basement of currency and issue of spurious currency. Imposition of col lective penalities, wanton devastation and destruction of property, bombard ment of undefended places, wanton destruction of religious, charitable, educational and historical buildings and monuments, destruction of mer chant slips and passenger vessels, without examination and without warning, destruction of fishing boats and of a relief ship, bombardment of hospitals, attack on and destruction of hospital ships, breach of other rules relating to the Red Cross, use of deleterious and asphyxiating gases, use of explosive and expanding bul lets, directions to give no quarter, ill treatment of prisoners of war. mis use of flags of truce, and poisoning of wells. Z COPKNHAGEN. April 12. Violent street fighting has broken out at Dantzlg between the Spartacans and government troops according to ad vices from that city today. GENEVA. April 12. The Bavarian Soviet government at Munich has "joined" the Russian and Hungarian Bolshevik governments, it was re ported from Munich today. BAN G TORN BY RE FGHTNO MUTINY fgffi. fr 3 m -9'm m mk'm 4LE wlrl 'tttt&S&& .PARIS, Aprfl 12: A roll call of the whole peace conference -may be "necessary to determine whether the former . Kaiser is to - be haged or otherwise corporally punished for his crimes. ' ": , The committee on responsibility for the war was divided on the question of personal punishment for Wilbelm. .V. S. Opposes PunUhment. Great Britain. France and Italy fa vored It: the United States and Japan -pposed It. The ultimate decision, it was fcaid today, may have to be ren dered when the plenary session dis cusses the -committee's report. The point at issue was a paragraph in the committee's report providing arraignment before an international court, or national courts, of all per sons deemed guilty of military crimes,' "regardless of rank." The Japanese and American members made a reser vation on' this provision. Twelve hundred and fifty copies of the report were ordered printed, but the printing was held up because the dissenters wanted to include a memo randum setting forth the reasons for their objections, while the other three desired simply to note the fa.ct there was a dissenting opinion. The American objection was based on the inability to find any interna tional law sanctioning prosecution of the heads of states, because it is le gally assumed their actions are die- (Continued on Page 2, Column 2.) D.C.SUKWX&E. Norman Gray, president of the Washington-Virginia Railway Com pany, J.-C. Freeman, treasurer; John W. Rich, superintendent, and C. Fred Hayden, general passenger and freight agent, were served with an order of the court today requiring them to show cause why they should not give an accounting to the District of Columbia for the amount of busi ness they did in the year of 1918 In carrying passengers over the High way bridge across the Potomac river. Tho District Commissioners have filed suit against the railway officials al leging that, according to an act of Congress, the company must pay to the District one-half of a cent for every passenger carried over the Highway bridge, but that the com pany has failed to make settlement for the year 1918 and refuses to fur nish any information regarding the number of passengers they carried. Corporation Counsel Conrad H. Symc and his assistant. F. H. Stephens, appear for the District Commissioners. I ifur FOR BRIDGE TOLL mm - mum FtET USED If 1015 The iniitinv of an American com pany now" identified as Company t of the 339th Infantry composed of Detroit selective service "men, in the Archangel sector, was inspired by the Bolsheviki.- This was announced fay. Gen Pey ton C. March,' chief ofsiaff f ollewr ing the receipt toSay ef cffkfcJ ad vices froin. Murmansk. The.dJHtkl?, after identifying the ctapaxr, stated: - "It Is worth while to abte that tfee questions put to the officers Jby ti men were identical- ts Bokkevik leaflets adviSngi, thf!ieB tr ut iei' iffc W or.tw,mp to tub the., matte? 4hrt t tk very oottom." "In alt my army career. said th CMlef of Staff, with some xealia; "this is- the- first -instance of ah-Asswr- icanr soldier refusing to fight Us ally his slogan Is 'Where is It? .Lead me to.it-" . . The War Department has received advices that several- vessels have en tered Murmansk, and that (Other ves sels, accompanied by icebreakers were, proceeding7 to Archangel. As far as the1 military- problem is concerned. the General- added, the troops coals be removed trom Archangel- at ones. He also called, attention to ' the face that it is the President's announced policy to bring them out as soon aa practicable. Direct Commnaleatloa. Official, advices, from Murmanslc also stated that on March 28-the re-, building of the Onda "bridge was com pleted and that, direct communication' was now established to meet the most; southern coast occupied by the al lied forces. , ALMOST HALF OF ARM Y DEMOBILIZED Nearly half of the American army has been demobilized to date. Total discharges of officers and. men, as announced by General Marco, tbday, number 1.701,469. Forty-six: per cent of the men have been de mobilized and over half of the offi cers. The total numoer oraerea xor demobilization, including- those al ready discharged, is 1,925,000; Enlistments up to April 10 were 7.961. General March stated. T These were equally divided hetween one and three-year enlistments. - The strength of the army on April $ was 1.9S0.506. Of this force 1,326,523 are in the A. E. F. Since the armistice was signed 6S6. 114 soldiers and officers have sailed for the United States." IS IN GRAVEYARD PARIS, April 12. "Russia has gone Into the graveyard." declared Grand Duke Alexander MIchaelovitch. of Russia, in an interview here today,, commenting upon the situation ia Crimea. The grand duke believes it will be Impossible for the allied troops to hold Sebastopol, adding: "AH Is over. Three thousand troops could have saved Crimea." MAYOR OF LIMERICK IS DENIED PASSPORT DUBLIN. April 12. The mayor' of Limerick has been refused a passport to go to the United States, it learned today. FA I I'm trtv,- -vj. ' : -. fr I "5fi DECLARES RUSS A i ) " , - Jfcl v ... . .