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THE WASHINGTON TIMES; SATURDAY, MAY 17, 1919.
NEW YORK TROOPS NC4 MS AT How the American Seaplanes Flew Across the Atlantic PLANES BEAR NOTE OF GOOD WILL TO BRITISH WON MOST GROUND AZORES ISLAND (Continued from First Page.) the wonderful achievement of the American aircraft during the first half of the long: voyage from Trepas . ey to the Azores. Throughout the night a group of the wireless apparatus in the office of Commander W. K. Wortman and . Captain Arwine, on the seaplane mother ship Melville. The excitement grew as message after message rasped in from the i various destroyers in mid-sea. Each succeeding message indicated that the pilots were surpassing every hope of their comrades at this end. Late yesterday, when the flash that the American flyers had taken the air at Trepassey was received here, wireless messages were sent broad cast over the sea requesting all mer chant ships to restrict the use of their radios to a minimum in oraer not to interfere with the exchange of radiograms between the airplanes and the American destroyers. Lights glowed from every ship in the harbor throughout the night as officers and men sat about a-thirst lor the latest news from the American flyers. Dispatch boats swept back and forth across the bay between the mother ship Melville and other war ships. Half-hourly bulletins were issued on the progress of the historic flight These were quickly prepared, handed to couriers on motor boats, and dis tributed to the eagerly waiting mar iners on all ships, and to the watch ers in the city. The men of the United States ship Buffalo, of a British troop ship, a Iutch war vessel, and of the army foreign craft in the harbor, lined the rails anxiously as the motor boats ap proached. As bulletin after bulletin indicated success, cheers went up from these ships. The eagerness with which the an nouncement were snatched resembled that of men seizing election, world's series, or prize-fight returns. " "This is the greatest sporting event ra history. declared Captain Wort man, as the shouts of those keeping the all-night vigil floated over the bay. There was heavy betting on the re cult in the gambling houses of Ponta ' Uei- Gada. All night long wageij J, "vera eagerly offered and as eagerly CB&sped up. All kinds of odds were offered on the success or failure of the flight, the length of time it would take, and ea which plane would be first to ar rive. Sailors from foreign ships in the ,"6ay, Portuguese residents of the Is lands, picturesque townspeople min- ' sled to the gambling houses, shoulder ing and jostling in their anxiety to ret their bets down. Admiral Jackson invited the Ameri can consul and locals' and visiting dlgnltaries-to view the--finish from his ship- The morning was misty and visibility low, but predictions were that this afternoon it would be cleared. Three Aeros Still Fly in Formation Blazing fts historic air trail to Europe, America's navy seaplan wruadron was sweeping toward the Azores early today. At 3:20 o'clock this morning a navy radio snapped through the word that the NC-4 had passed station ship 14, about 750 miles out from Trepassey. The last heard from the NC-1 and NC-3 declared they were in forma tion with the NC-4 at station ship 13. and it is assumed all are still to gether. Confident of Sncees. Naval officers engaged in details connected with the flight were con fident the carefully arranged pre cautions would insure success of the daring venture. They entertained no fears for the safety of the flyers, who will never be out of reach of the de stroyers strung at fifty-mile intervals along the route. There were some disappointed naval aviation officers here who read- the first flashes telling of the start from Trepassy. From the time, months ago, when the project was conceived, there has been intense rivalry among navy flyers for assignment to the trans-Atlantic flight. Not until the last min ute did some of them give up hope that by some good fortune they would be ordered to Join Commander Tow ers' squadron. Everyone was confident that the flight would be completed, though perhaps it will be necessary for the big boats to alight on the water dur ing the trip. This will not be held to mar the flight so far as official rec ords are concerned, and destroyers have "been ordered not to pick up the planes when aid calls are sent out until specifically asked to. The hope is that should either of the planes be forced to come down to the water, re pairs can be made and the flight re . earned without the crews leaving their boats. Favor Dirigible Type. While feeling certain of the suc cessful outcome of the transatlantic flight by heavier than air machines. 'aviation officials took occasion to rc ttark that the future of ocean air travel is not necessarily with the 'heavier than air machine. Expert opinion here seems to be in favor of the dirigible balloon as the most practical method of long distance air fiavigation. For that reason the test flight of the C-5 aroused considerable Interest here, as it is known that cpon the outcome of this experiment will be formed plans for an ocean dirigible flight. The dirigibles make slower time than the planes, but their ability to stay up in event of engine trouble and other delays makes them the safer method for commercial travel. Navy officers freely predicted a dirigible transatlantic flight within a short time. The flight started today is the first BURNSTINfTS" "TABLrSHED STTEARSX X X V36I PEtlA. AVE. WtBHt MAIM aasg Cold, Silver and riadnnra Purchased fee JCasHXacturlac ParDOsca, niAMOtyns i . . - r r " f j -y1 " T n T " T L ' T ( Mm.m1 tiffs vm , wM$0m0&Wmi 1 Mm i . . ... 1.1 - Ti ' " ' --.-... . .. f The map depicts the course of markable dash across the Atlantic, to .make is shown by three-hour official trans-Atlantic flight under taken by any government. The navy assumed full responsibility for its success or failure and has put its en tire resources at the command of the flyers. The same will be true of the contemplated dirigible flight. Shgrtly before dawn today the pioneer air fleet passed beyond direct communication with navy shore sta tions. The sending apparatus on the seaplanes being too weak to reach land. However, the flyers would never be out oX communication with destroyers along the route. But ne cessity of relaying messages will slow up communication, it was stated. Because of almost perfect weather conditions, the navy again during the night established new wireless rec ords for distance. The Bar Harbor, Me., station could hear the seaplane cofmanders about 1,250 miles away talking among themselves. NC-1 Was Favored As Best of 3 Aeros Navy officials were placing the'.r bets on the NC-1 as the seaplanes rose from Trepassy bay on the long jump to the Azores, She was the only one that had gone without a mishap. This host, the first of the giant navy seaplanes, has had a romantic career since she was completed last October, and has stood endurance tests, which lead navy officials to oe lieve she has the best chance of getting across. The NC 1 is the favorite of the mechanics who put the three machines in readiness at Rock away Beach. The NC-1 came near being left be hind at the start from Rockaway when she caught fire a few hours before the start and lost one wing and suffered other damages. "Work men swarmed around her and in six ton hours a. two-weeks' repair job was finished and the plane went up for a test flight.' She wornea per fectly. Previously she smashed a wing in a gale at Barnegate. N. J., when a pilot took her out to test her ability to stand rough treatment. The NC I was the first navy plane to go up with fifty passengers actually she' carried fifty-one. for the first aerial stow away was found tucked in a corner of the fusilage at the end of the flight. LISBON MAKES GREAT PREPARATIONS TO GREET AMERICAN SEA FLYERS LISBON, May 17. Admiral Plun kett, wtth his flagship Rochester, ar rived here yesterday, having been de layed twenty-four hours by bad weather between the Azores and this port. The storm crntcr is passing northeastward, auguring better weath er for the trans-Atlantic flight. The admiral has posted destroyers across the Atlantic, and one of them is stationed every fifty miles from New foundland to Lisbon. Each of them is equipped with rockets to guide the flyers on their way. Present indica tions promise fair winds and favor able weather. Until now the destroy ers have been roughing it. but thoy are all in place, ready to guide the air boats. Kvery one or the flagship is hoppful that the three seaplanes may arrive together. Three large buoys at the mouth of the Tejo river mark the landing place of the three American seaplanes aftr their epoch-making flight across the Atlantic. All Itrady for Greeting. All is ready on this side of the world for the reception of the Ameri cans. Several planes of the Portu guese air forces plan to fly out to sea and meet the Americans and pilot them into port. The whole town of Lisbon is expected to turn out in a demonstration in honor of the air pio neers. Lisbon, which is one of the greatest places in the world for the little god of chance, is turning from its age-old ppstime. roulette, and is putting up its r Iji profuse wads on the result ; American attempt to fly across ti.. Atlantic. The betting is 4 to 1 against the three planes successfully negotiating the flight. 2 to 1 against two to get across and eves, money the American aviators' in their re The schedule which they expected periods. The aviators arrived over CROSS-SEA FLIERS EAT SANDWICHES AND CAKE TREPASSEY, Nevrfoundlnnd, May 17. Sandwiches, cake, avreet chocolate, and coffee, kept steam ing hot In thermos bottles, made up the menu of the airmen on the American navy seaplanes on the long trans-Atlantic flight. Only trro of the sx members of the crew were allowed to snatch any sleep. The navigators and radio opera tors were ordered to keep on duty constantly. against at least one accomplishing the feat. To Meet Official. As soon as the aviators land here they will go abroad the American mine layer Shawmut, where they will meet and receive congratulations from Admiral Plunkett, high officials of the Portuguese government and others. At the request of United States Minister Burch, the Portuguese gov ernment has granted every possible help in the way of telegraph, wireless and other facilities in the Azores as well as in Portugal. QUESTION OF RETURN FLIGHT TO AMERICA IS STILL UNDECIDED TREPASSET, N. F.. May 17. Whether the American seaplanes on arriving at Plymouth. England, will try to fly back to American is a ques tion still undecided. In the last few days Commander Towers discussed the proposition with the other flyers and speculated on the possibility of making the re turn trip, but the pressure of prep aration for the eastward dash pre vented the adoption of any definite plans. All the flyers agreed that the sug gestion was alluring, but that the trip would be even more difficult than the eastward voyage, as the prevail ing winds would be against a west ward flight until late in the year. Newfoundland would be virtually im possible as a landing place on account of dense fogs and gales and longer courses to the south would therefore be essential. Several members of Towers com mand arc eager to return to private business after the flight, and he hesi tated to ask them to remain to risk their lives in a more dangerous ven ture. Extraordinary preparations have been necessary on both sides of the ocean, yet no decision has been made as to how the seaplanes are to return after England is reached, and it is quite possible that if the long leap over seas is successful a return through the air lanes will be author ized. PLANES TO BE GIVEN NAMES OF COLUMBUS' SHIPS IN PORTUGAL Commander Towers, of the Amer ican aerial trans-Atlantic expedition, yesterday compared the three big NC seaplanes to the caravels of Colum bus, adding that when Tortgual is reached the NC-1, 3. and 4 will be rcchristened. Nina, Santa Maria, and PInta, respectively. Commander Towers directs tho flight from the NC-3, which will be named Santa Maria, in honor of the flagship of America's discoverer. The Azores, port of call four cen turies ago for ocean pioneers sailing westward, will be the first stop of tho Americans flying eastward. Incidentally, when the seaplanes reach the Azores, they will have reached Europe, just as Columbus was considered to have reached the new world when he landed at San Salva dor, for the Azores are charted as the Western. Islands of Europe, Torches and Smoke From Warships Guide Seaplanes On Course Burning brilliant torches at night, sweeping the sky with searchlights and by day sending up dense columns of black smoke, destroyers are mark ing the trans-Atlantic course of tho great NC seaplanes. With the "jump-off of Comman der Towers' history-making air squadron from Trepassey the Navy rcpartment yesterday made public the preparations for the flight. A destroyer is posted every fifty miles across the Atlantic from Trepassey to Portugal to guide the seaplanes and to rush to their assistance If they encounter trouble. Orders To the Planes. - These are the orders under which the NC planes are flying: "Depart about one hour before sunset. Mercator's course from Mis taken Point to Corvo as a landfall, thence shortest route to Horta or Punta Delgado. the first port of land ing being dependent on weather on arrival at Corvo, or on some emerg ency arising on planes that requires landing before reaching Punta Del gado. If weather and other circum stances are favorable landing will be at Punta Delgado, otherwise planes land at Horta, wait good weather or completion repairs, then proceed to Punta Delgado. "Planes will refuel at Punta Del gado as quickly as posible. and if practicable will stop there only one night. "Punta Delgado to Lisbon: De parture in early morning. Mercator course will be followed to mouth of Tagus. "Lisbon to Plymouth: Departure in early morning. Skirt coast to Cape Finisterre, thence direct across Bay of Biscay to Brest, thence direct to Plymouth. "The estimated speed through air i3 sixty miles per hour, which will make speed over ground greater or less than sixty miles by the amount wind component is with or against seaplanes." Final plans for the flight and In structions to individual patrol ships were taken up at a conference of naval officers on the destroyer Colum bia in the North river on April 24. The ships then proceeded to quietly steam out and take their stations. It had been hoped to start the planes from Trepassey on May 14. The two day delay has somewhat upset plans, but is in no way serious. Ready for an S. O. S. Here are the orders to the planes and to the destroyers which are mak ing the path across the ocean for their comrades of the air: "The planes will endeavor to re main together, but if not practicable to do so, will proceed singly. "Planes will probably maintain an altitude between 1.000 and 2.000 feet but may go to fl.000 feet. "Destroyers will be stationed along the route at fifty-mile intervals wherever route of planes passes out of sight of roa3t. "Planes will check course when passing over destroyers, which will steam slowly nn true couno to next station ship while planes are in sight. "In rase one plane is forced to land, the other.s will remain in the vicinity until a report as to her con dition is received. "If the S. O. S. call comes at night, destroyers will keep brilliantly il luminated while proceeding to plane, with 'torch.' will keep searchlight sweeping heavens, and will keep bright lookout for Vcry's signals, the color of which will indicate char acter of forced landing and condition of plane. "In proceeding to assitance by day destroyers will make heay smoke. "During the flight each station destroyer will show the number of the station it is marking in such a way as to be plainly visible ?n.n aloft at a hMght of 2,000 feet or less. For daylight zones, numbers eight feet high painted black on a white background stretched across forecastle deck on awning ridge ropes or painted on forecastle deck well forward of bridge will answer. II luminatcd numb era eight feet high Flores, just west of Horta, considerably of the trip, made in the darkness, is the made at night. Horta is 160 miles from will be displayed by destroyers In the night zone during the darkness. "Destroyers marking line will remain- on stations and be ready to an swer a call or render assistance until last plane has passed station next to eastward, unless called on to render assistance, in which case they may leave regular station. Searchlights to Help. "Whenever a station ship is pass ed by one or more seaplanes it will I immediately inform next ship to cast- ward by radio. "When a station ship receives re port that plane has passed next sta tion to westward, it will cpjnmence smoking in daytime andconttnue to smoke until last plane "passes or is accounted for. At night ship will torch' and searchlights will be turn ed on at once and kept on. trained directly into the true wind, until planes have passed or been account ed for. "Upon being notified that it has been sighted by planes, or when planes are sighted by a station ship, sttion ship will immediately stop smoking or 'torching and firing star shells, put herself on exact course to next station, and proceed slowly on that course to enable plane to check course and determine leeway or drift. "When an S. O. S. call is received from a plane, the two station ships nearest to indicated position of plane proceed to her assistance with all possible speed, unless notified other wise. Upon arrival, if repairs are pos sible, lend all assistance; if repairs are not possible, designate one de stroyer to take plane in tow and pro ceed to nearest port." The following destroyers are main taining a constant patrol from Tre passey to the Azores: Greer, Aaron Ward. Buchanan, Upshur, Boggs, Palme. Walker. Thatcher. Crosby, Kalk. Meredith, Bush. Cowell. Mad dox, Hopewell. Stockton, Craven, Dent. Philip and Waters. Between the Azores and the Portu guese coast are the Simpson, Wilkes, Gamble. Cassln. Lamberton, Ramsay. Conyngham. Wadsworth. Cushing, Winslow, Ericsson, O'Brien, and Mc Dougal. On the last leg. that from Portugal to Plymouth, England, there are the Brcckcnridgc. Barney, Chew. Hazel wood and Elliott. In addition five battleships, the Florida, Utah. Texas. Wyoming and Arkansas, are covering the course as meteorological ships, and reports on weather and air conditions from experts stationed aboard these war ships guided the planes in their "jump" from Trepassey. Stationed at the Azores and in surrounding waters arc the destroy ers Harding. Gridlcy. Fairfax, and Mahan. In addition, the Prairie. Hisko. Maumec and Melville arc serving as supply ships, while the Baltimore. Aroosstook. Columbia, and Shawmut arc carrying fuel oil for the planes to their four stopping places. SC. DANIELS SAYS NAVY PLANNED TRANS-OCEAN FLIGHT TWO YEARS AGO XKW ' TOKK. May 17. Secretary Daniels who arrived here today on the transport Mount Vernon, said ihe navy began preparing for the trans Atlantic flight two years ago. At tint time, he said, it was planned to scud only one plane across, but it was later decided to employ three to in crease the chances of success. The flight is purely for scientific purposes, and is in no way competi tive, Daniels .said, and he so in formed the British officials when he was in England. He expressed great satisfaction at the news that the planes were nearing the Azores, and spoke of the flight as a "wonderful achievement." Discussing the naval program. Dan iels said it was conceived before the league of nations was promulgated and that it would be carried out fully if the league covenant were, not adopted. He refused to state whether acceptance of the covenant would af fect the program. ahead of schedule. This leg only part, which had to be Punta Delgada. PROMISES REPEAL EWWART Speedy repeal of the new war taxes the American people are now paying was promised today by Congressman Moore of Pennsylvania, who ranks second in the membership of the Republican-controlled House Ways and Means Committee. Moore, who is one of the chief lieu tenants of Congressman Mann of Il linois, who is expected to retain his leadership of the Republican organi zation in the House, said that, as soon as the House met on Monday at noon, he would Introduce a resolution calling for the repeal of that section of tho revenue bill embodying the luxury taxes. Republican leaders of the Senate declared that the new war taxes should be at once wiped out. and their repeal was, therefore, regarded as certain to be one of the first accom plishments of the Sixty-sixth Con gress. LONDON, May IT. A wireless mes sage from. Moscow today reported that a cruiser and two destroyers of un identified nationality bombarded the region north of Ropsha, twenty-four miles north of Petrograd. withoiit re sult. Recent unofficial dispatches have reported British and French warships mobilizing at Hclsingfors, preparatory to an attack on Petrograd, which the Bolshevik! are reported to be evacu ating. There is nothing to indicate, however, that the vessels mentioned in the above dispatch are either British or French. COPENHAGEN. May 17. The re port that General Mannerheim's Finnish (anti-Bolshevik) army is just outside of Petrograd on its advance into Russia was denied by the P'in nish legaton heretoday. PARIS. May 17. In carrying out the occupation of Smyrna, the Greeks occupied the city, tho French the forta, and tho British and Italians the suburbs, it was learned. WIRELESS PHONE REMOVED IN ORDER TO SAVE WEIGHT TREPASSEY. N .F.. May 17. Lieut, i'. Ii. Rhodes, reserve engineer on the NV-3. did not make the flight. He and the wireless telephone were removed from the piano by a launch in order to save weight. FOUR HOURS' DIFFERENCE There is a difference of approxi mately four hours in time between tho Azores and tho eastern United States. When it i3 noon in Washing Ion it in abciit 4 oY!i I in the af- llcrnoon m the Azores. N m 3SPBIM HMD m FINNS DENY ARIY IS NEAR PETROGRAD FOUR ALLIES HELP TO OCCUPY SMYRNA Sir Robert Klnderaley, chairman of the British war savings com mittee, may be the first man to get a tram-Atlantic letter by aero plane. With the giant seaplane that hopped off today was a letter to him from Harold Draddoek. direc tor of the Treasury Department savings division, wishing the Brit ish success In their thrift campaign. ES IE TOKYO. May 17. In order to meet Increasing competition a number of small steamship lines, which reaped a rich harvest during the war are amal gamating under the name of the In ternational Steamship Company. The line is starting in with 300,000 tons of shipping and is seeking a sub sidy to compete for traffic formerly carried largely by British battoms. SMALL SHIP LIN NOWAHMA A Strange Bird This is indeecj a rare bird, and who would not like to be a birdman and have such a nest as this. This is another attractive full page drawing by .Henry Clive and only another oft-repeated suc cess from his famous brush The Weather Man Gets Help Any number of new instruments are found to aid the weather forecaster in his judgments. None . . of them are fallible except one, and that is sure-fire hocus-pocus with a real scientific name. - A page of interest on an interesting subject by an interesting person. A Hero Dies His Wife Remarries And the world looks askance at the spectacle of the pretty Mrs. Vernon Castle that was, as she so soon destroys the romantic belief that the death of her hero-dancer-husband had left her dis consolate. Every man and woman will find this page of poignant interest Don't Monkey With the' Alligator ;;. "" So the clever apes evolve a monkey bridge across the deadly strearn" which is filled with -- hungry alligators A page that takes' up and .'."" re-enforces with scientific data the contention that monkeys betray thinking power in emer- " ,- gencies Two Old Houses in America ' Because the noted beauty Miss Maycliffe, of theatrical fame, marries a prince and is a widow within a year. Then she remarries, this time a count hence she is entitled to the honors and respects due to two noble houses. The Incredible Exploits of $ Jacques Lebaudy A full two-page installment of the famous story of the murder of Jacques Lebaudy. A household much like that of the De Saulles meets with the same strange fate. The unusual Lebaudy with his unusual character is the victim of a plotting wife who frustrates his plans for becoming the Em peror of Sahara. Lucille of London Talks Of the sine-qua-non of fashion's latest decrees of American, French, and English styles. An inter estingly written and Hlustrated page that all women will be interested in and most men are sure to stop, look, and wonder what's next The Night of Fear A fascinating two-page installment from the latest tale of the gifted Sir Rider Haggard. The "Moon of Israel," a tale of ancient Egypt and its Hebrew slave people is written in the author's usual facile style, weirdly, interesting beauty, ro mance, and black magic. Health, Beauty and Home A page that will interest the whole household. A truly interesting story for the housewife who is seeking home efficiency. Some suggestions for beautifying the mouth by Mme. Lina Cavalieri, the most famous living beauty. All in the Big, Full Newspaper Size, 4-Color Magazine Section of Tomorrow's Sunday Evening Times 3c At Your Newsdealer's or Delivered to Your Home New Tork city troops made the greatest war gains of any division In the United States army In France. Chief of Staff March disclosed today. Th. svntv.ventri National Army Division, recruited In the American metropolis, gained 7i.o Kilometers. 9.14 per cent of all gains made by the American army, he said. The Second Division, with 60 kilo meters, the Forty-second with 53 kilo meters, the First with 51 kilometers, the Eighty-ninth with 4S kilometers, and the Third with 41 kilometers, gained more than 5 per cent each of the territory taken by the American army. Advances made by other divisions against the Germans were. In kilo meters: Eightieth. 38: Twenty-sixth. 37; Thirty-second. 36; Thirty-third, 36: NInety-flrst. 34; Thirty-seventh. 30; Thirtieth. 20: Fifth. 20: Ninetieth. 28.5; Fourth. 24.5; Eeventy-elghth. 21; Thirty-alxth, 21; Seventy-ninth, 19.5; Eighty-second. 17; Thirty-fifth, 12.5; Twenty-seventh. 11; Twenty-eighth, 10; Ninety-second, 8; Twenty-ninth. 7; Eighty-first, 5.5, and Seventh. 1. U. S. S. ARKANSAS SIGHTS ONE OF CROSS-SEA PLANES LONDON, May 17. The United States battleship Arkansas has sight ed one of the navy seaplanes flying to the Azores, said a wireless dispatch reaching here today. 3c