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"""VWT" " w&y yBgayqif.' v '- ashinaton fi mrs Today WEATHER: Partly elondy tonight and tomorrow, little chance la temperature. Temperature at 8 a. m.. 71 decree. Normal tem perature for June 11 for the last SO years 72 de cree. Shorter Hours Coming. Lighthouses Point Up. Actors and Pictures. Where Are the Great Men? NUMBER 11.192. Publicised ererr evening (Including Sunday) Entered as aeccnd-claa matter, at the pottofflce at Washington, D. C WASHINGTON, WEDNESDAY EVENING, JUNE 11. 1919. PRICE TWO CENTS. INALl EDITION i By ARTHUR BRISBANE. 1 (Copyright 1919.) The shipbuilders of Montreal I demand a forty-four-honr week, four hours on Saturday, oight i hours the other five working days. , The cloak and suitmakers of New j York have the forty-four-hour week already. It will come every- I where, giving workers half a dav to themselves on Saturday, and all dav Sunday. When it comes EVERYWHERE it won't hurt anybody, for all employers wiU be on the same footing. I Th wisft emnlover does not oo- ject to wages or hours within rea son, if others work as he does, on the same basis of oav and time. The trouble comes when one em ployer without conscience gets out of his men more work for less pay, creating impossible compe tition for the other employer. That, bv the way. is the whole curse of the so-called beautiful theory of free trade. With free trade the men that get the most work out of other men for least money get the markets of the world. These higher wages and shorter hours, which are coming, will compel intelligent men to see j how much they can get out of ma chines, instead of striving always to see how much they get out of human beings. For instance, the shipworker who drove rivets by hand with a steel hammer was paid just about "what it cost him to live. Then the "air gun" was invented, en- . abling one man to drive ten times , as many rivets as he had driven by hand, yet the same worker, with the "air gun," continued to - get only ABOUT WHAT IT COST HIM TO LIVE. Machinery ' has added to the productivity of labor, multiplied by a thousand the wealth of the world; it has not added enough to the pay or to , the leisure of the WORKER of 1 the machine. That has got to be changed, and, thanks to the war, it will be changed. Great Britain will use all of her - lighthouses as guides to flying men. In addition to the rays of light now sent out to ships on the water, other rays 'will be sent up straight into the sky, to guide sailors in those modern ships of air, the flying boats. Before long the earth's surface will be dotted with light spots that will indi cate safe landing- places for fliers, as lighthouses indicate safejihar-. oorsior we ocner -snips now. Mr. Vanderlip, retired presi dent of the biggest bank in the United States, is latest to be men tioned as a candidate for Presi dent on the Republican ticket next year. The mention is inter esting:. If YOU had to name the man that had to be elected President in 1920, what name would you suggest? Does it seem to you interesting or strange that out of a hundred million Americans there should be Bo few, if any, standing out as nationally known, and inevitably to be chosen for the great honor. Why is it that so few Ameri cans do anything to attract espe cial attention? Thev talk of Persh ing, because Mr. Wilson put him in charge in Europe. If Mr. Wil son had nut somebody else in charge in Europe, they would talk about the somebody else. How manv men could vou name that in vour opinion OUGHT to be i President of the United States be- cause of special fitness or service rendereo. to the people? Can vou mention rven one. the President in Paris exceoted? Is it because our average is so high that no American stands out above all others, or is it because our pur suits, selfish and individual, are of so commercial a character that public service sinks into an insig nificant nlace? Take pencil and paper, see if you can write the names of a dozen men, spelling them cor rectly, that have reallv done something to deserve the Presi dency of the biggest country in the world. Mr. Arliss. the actor, made "Master of Arts" bv Columbia College, made a little speech against moving pictures. He was distressed tha,t voung men and women eiehteen and twenty years old should see moving pictures, instead of livine. talking actors. Human beings seek sensations and impressions IN THEIR OWN MINDS. A story or an idea en ters the brain more ouickly through the eyes than through the ears. Men have used their eyes to gain information for more than a million years; thev have used speech for one or two hundred thousand vears at most. The aver age human cannot absorb easily, or at all. complicated sentences. The eve. on the other hand, under stands instantly pictures that move rapidly. The sound of the actor's voice is sometimes pleasant, his indi vidual appearance mavfbe pleas ing, but real power is in expres sion, movement. Moving pictures give all that, and in manv cases thev give what no spoken play could possibly give. Suppose you wanted to show on the staee the -crucifixion of St Peter head downward as Rubens painted it; the burning of Joan of Arc. the recantation of Galileo, the couxaeeous death of the monk Savonarola, how would you do it? L Certainly vou could show ten Washington Telegraphers Out Strike Spreading In Other Cities ROOT Fireman Is Shot STRIKE WILL ROW FAST, DICTION OF While Western Union offi cials today asserted business continued normal, striking op erators asserted at least 50 per cent of the force walked out this, morning. Postal officials admit thev have been hard hit. al though asserting that not more than 30 per cent have quit. Strikers assert nearly 100 per cent of the Postal men hare left their keys here. The nation-wide strike of commer cial telegraphers, which started this morning at 8 o'clock, will increase in force throughout the country and will be complete within several days, ac cording to S. J. Konenkamp. -presi dent of the Telegraphers Union who. according to word received from Chicago, has issued a formal statement on the situation. To Grow In Extent. "The full extent of the strike will not be known for a couple of days und will increase In force throughout the country," Konenkarap is reported as saying-. The telegTaph workers have been forced to make a test of strength to determine whether an avenue of adjustment is open to them. It is only when the strength lies on the side of the workers that arbitra tion Is pointed to as the wav out. We were willing- to have our case adjust ed by a fair tribunal before the strike was declared. Now we feel confident the result will be in our favor" Konenkamp predicted that 60.000 men will quit the keys, practically paralyzing the wire communication system of the country. Western Union officials continue to express the opinion that few of the telegraphers will quit, and that there will be little interruption to their service. The Inactivity of Government agencies to prevent the strike, par ticularly on the part of Postmaster General Burleson, to whom the whole strike situation was left by the other departments, is taken here to indi cate he does not believe the situation will develop seriously. Will Amnlxt Bnrimon. The Labor Department and the War Labor Board will not take a hand in the matter until directed to do so hy Burleson. The strike was not formally discussed at the Cabinet meeting yes terday, and the Postmaster General did not attend. Meanwhile, telegraphers predicted a complete tie-up of the Western Union lines here, which would ereatlv ham per Government business. The btatc (Continued on Page 18, Column 5.) E Carl Otto Bertling. of New York. will be among the interned Ger mans to be deported on a ship leav ing Newport News soon. it was learned today at the Department of Justice. Bertling, before being interned, was in charge of the New Tork branch of the American Institute of Berlin, which was responsible for much German propaganda in the United States. Dr Richard Goldschmidt. a Ger man lecturer and scientist, recently paroled from a detention camp, also will be sent back. TODAY times more in the moving nicture than with living actors. Plays, like books, are intended to make human beings think. Well pre pared moving pictures of the right kind undoubtedly create more thought, more rapid action within the mind of the spectator than the spoken play. Hence the success of the moving picture. G PRE N IM W DEPORT PROPAGANDA HEAD SAYS U. S. GIRL MAY BE IRISH VICEREINE LORD DECIBS, - Husband of the former Vivien Gould, may be appointed Vice roy of Ireland, according- to a re port from London. The marriage of Miss Gould to Lord Decies took place in 1011. PAYS $75,000 FOR PHONI NEW YORK. June 11. It cost Theodore Dougherty, member of the firm of J. F. Whitney & Co., ship brokers, $75,000 to become the hus band of Mrs. Ruby Buchanan Dough erty, formerly a telephone operator at the Waldorf-Astoria. Upon the basis of 25 cents on the dollar, air. Dougherty's first wife. Mrs. Frances B. Dougherty, settled her action against the telephone girl for alleged alienation of his affections. The sum total of the settlement, which was revealed yesterday in the supreme court after the clerk was directed to strike the asf from the calender, was $25,000 Mrs. Dough erty had sued for flOO.000. She haa previously received from her one-time husband $42,000 after divorcing him in July, 1917, and weekly alimony of ?C0. Settlement Announced. Not until the case was called for trial before Justice Hotchklss was the compromise made known. Counsel an nounced a settlement had been reach ed and from friends of Mrs. Dough erty No. 1 the terms were learned Since divorcing her husband, the first Mrs. Dougherty has been living with her father. N. Ives Bennett, a (Continued on Page 11, Column 1 ) E I LOS ANGELES, June 11. Jesus liomo, alleged anarchist organizer, believed by Federal officials to be a member of the anarchistic band re sponsible for the recent bomb out rages in the East, was arrested here today. He was taken into cus tody while posting handbills calling fcr a meeting of radicals June IS. Immigration Inspector Burnett said the man r.dmltted coming here to organise anarchists for the pur pose of overthrowing the Govern ment. He carried a letter of intro duction from Chicago radicals, dated February 7 last, which stated he was sent to California especially to "orange workers in orange district Tt BBl ilrf" UaallaaaaW V ?5 K'V'"'V tssssssssssH -9 3 aaaHa !&SJ? TPlSassssssssssslssssH V Si ftaa5g5idtefe' .S yivjFHE3E2a3l CT L 1 LOS ANGELES I WOISUPE DAVISON By His Wife Following Attack In Home Here 1 III SAY SUES DEFEND SELF William H. Bieber, thirty-seven years old, member of the Dictrict of Columbia fire department, is in a critical condition at Casualty Hos pital today from gunshot wounds in the throat, inflicted by his wife, Mrs. Grace, Bieber, age 22, during a family quarrel at their home, 469 G street southwest. Mrs. Bieber was cut on. the right arm by a tumbler which she says was thrown by her husband She is also at Casualty Hospital. Children Saw Shooting. According to the police, two small children of the Blebers were the only witnesses to the shooting. They were too young- to give the police any Infor mation concerning the circumstances whichMead up to the affair. Bieber is a fireman stationed at No. 3 truck company and has been a resi dent of southwest Washington for several years. Physicians at the hos pital hold out little hope for his re covery. Mrs. Bieber was not serious ly Injured. Mrs. Bieber is suffering from se vere bruises and a general nervous breakdown. She was taken by the police to No. 4 precinct station, but later removed to the hospital. Mrs. Bieber declared that her hus band bad been drinking for several days. As a result of a quarrel, she declares Bieber attacked her and she was forced to shoot him in self-defense. TELL SENATORS OF The Honse Foreign Affairs Com mittee today heard more Witnesses in its investigations dealing with reported pogroms against the Jews in Poland. Morris Rothenberg and Dr. H. Margoshes. of New Tork, submitted documents which they said were translations from Warsaw Jewish papers, in an attempt to disprove statements from Minister Gibson, who cabled to the State Department that Jewish papers in Poland did not substantiate the reports of massacres. CmirrRm.an Sliirfl of New York. 'today said the department had been jmipplied with copies of speeches in the Polish Diet and with leaflets 'said to have been used during the , I'aderewski election. These docu ments. Slegcl said, showed the in tense anti-Jewish feeling. Chairman Porter has made it plain to both the Jewish and Polish dele gations who have appeared before his committee that he is not In sym pathy with their agitation. N.Y. 1IIER HELD PARIS, June 11. The case of Rob ert Minor, former cartoonist and writer for the New York World, who was arrested mysteriously here Sun day, Is now in the hands of tho Ameri can military authorities, It was learn ed today. Information regarding the charge against Minor and his whereabouts is withheld pending further investiga tion. BOY FINDS SPUTTERING BOMB IN HALLWAY JERSEY CITY. June 11. A crude ly constructed dynamite bomb with a burning fuse was discovered in the hallway of a house yesterday by six-year-old Morris Dublier, son of a grocer whose store occupies the ground floor of the building. The boy called a clerk in the store, who extinguished the fuse with his fing ers and summoned the police. 01 S N POLAND BY ARMY IN PARIS GAV ALLIED LAWMAKERS READY TO RAlfY PEACE TREATY By HK7TRT WOdD, (Baited Preaa Correspondent) . PARIS, June 11. The German peace treaty Is likely to be pre sented to all allied and associated powers parliaments for ratifica tion the week beginning June 23, according to Information from re liable source today. In the event the Germans sign the treaty within the five-day limit that will be' granted after presentation of the allies' reply to the counter-proposals, no time will be lost in rushing the docu ments to the parliaments of all the associated powers, as well as the German national assembly. Premier Orlando decided to summon the Italian parliament June 10. The French Parliament already Is in session, as Is the American Congress. 'The Germans have called the National Assembly to meet In Welmer on Friday. The British Parliament, while now tak ing Its Pentecostal vacation, will reassemble June 24. TREATY TERMS REJECTEDBY PARIS, June 11. Admiral Kol chak's reply to the allies' offer of conditional recognition of his Omsk government constitutes a refusal of practically all the conditions laid down by the peace conference, it was learned from an authoritative source today. The reply contains the following: 1 Refusal to recognize the inde pendence of Finland, which the United States, Great Britain, and France already have recognized. 2 Refusal to summon the 1017 con stituent assembly, giving as a reason the alleged fact that a majority of tiiat body are Bolshevik. 3 Declaration of Kolchak's right to determine the disposition of all outlying Russian territories. 4 Recognition of Poland's inde pendence. Kolchak's armies, according to the latest allied information, have re treated an additional seventy-flve miles, and their left wing now rests on the village of Sarapul (650 miles cast of Moscow). His evacuations during the last month constitute an area equal to that of the State of Maine. THREE ARE KILLED LONDON, June 11. Three persons were killed and several wounded in a fresh outburst of rioting in Cairo, Egypt, according to dispatches from Lata today. Troops charged the mobs. The Chronicle office was destroy ed, and the Union Jack was torn up. The trouble centered about the na tional assembly building. It had previously been reported that the outbreaks of the Egyptian Nationalists had been quelled fol lowing tho arrival of General Alien- by in Cairo. LOST BAG Chamois, Indian beaded. Son day nlfht. in Canton Pagoda. Pbone North 29M-J. reward 12 This ad was phoned to The Times yesterday at 1 1 a. m. at 7 p. m. the bag was returned. The ad cost 27 cents. Phone your Ads to THE TIMES, Maim 5260. KOLCHAK N OTATAR EfflM reparation: PEACETREATY S COMPLETED PARIS. Jane 11. The big four to day completed the reparations sec tion of the reply to the German counter proposals! and ordered tills portion, of the note to be printed im mediately. It is understood the al lies refused to fix a definite sum for indemnities. Of the sixteen commissions study ing the counter proposals, all have reported except that one handling the economic section. The commission on Hungarian, Rumanian, and Bohemian bound aries turned in its report this morn ing. The Bi- Four is to.' consider its findings this afternoon. The. war fare involving Hungary, Rumania, and .Bohemia; also is to-hejtaken up. Allied and German financial experts are to confer in Versailles today. Protest Delivered. Chancellor Renner's first note in protest against the Austrian treaty, delivered today, takes up the eo nomlc situation and declares the treaty renders industrial and com mercial life in Austria impossible. ) Premier Orlando, as the result of in structions from the Italian cabinet, is reported to have rejected the latest proposed solution of the Adri atic question, which included inde pendence of Flume. Indications today are that the chief difficulty In reaching an agree ment is furnished now by the ques tion of shortening the period for ad mission of Germany to the league of nations. French Press "Wrought TJp. The French are opposed to this concession, and after advocating such a plan the big four were said to have switched to the original idea of leav ing the matter in the hands of a spe cial commission. The French press is wrought up over the idea of including the Ger mans in the league sooner than at first planned, some of the newspapers declaring flatly that France ill not be a member if Germany is taken in immediately. The Turks are en route here aboard the French battleship Democratic. They are coming merely as "experts, not being vested with plenary powers. They will be quartered at Vaucrea son. between Versailles and St. Cloud. The Turkish delegates, it Is under stood, will undertake to place the re sponsibility for Turkey's part in the war on the Young Turk party. It is said they will agree to separation of Armenia and other sections of the Ottoman empire, but will object to the Greeks occupying Smyrna. F E" .. NEW TORK, June 11 Upon the ground that his twenty-elght-year-old wife had been only a "spirit wife" to him, John Sherwill Conabeer. wealthy Weehawken, N J., coal mer chant, today obtained a referee's rec ommendation for annulment of their marriage of four years ago. Conabeer testified that his wife scorned babies, and declared that "God, not the human race, is the creator of children." F JEITH. Scotland, June 11. The hCpital ship Kalyan, with more than 1C American soldiers aboard, arrived h ra late yesterday from Archangel. "AKE BEIX-ANS B TOJIE M VU 8 an, hove lint ood d' ' -f' ti SECTION F ct s mm m SPIRIT WIF YANKS ROM RUSS A ARR VE N SCOTLAND OPY OF TREATY SAYS HE GOT TREATY TWO WEEKS AGO EI.IHU' BOOT, . Former Secretary jof State, who voluntarily told Senate committee Investigating- "leak that he got copy of treaty from H. P. Davi son, of Morgan & Co. PRESIDENT IS NEW TORK. June 11. Herbert Bayard Swope in a copyrighted ca ble dispatch from Paris to the Ncr Tcrk World says: "In the matter f supplying the American Senate with copies of the projeced rcaty as submitted to the .Germ-ins, enly the President knows what he will do and he has confided his intention to no one. "If a guess is permissible, he will fcrward the document to the Son ate, pointing out that he takes this course not because the Senate has any right to the instrument at this time but because he wishes that body to be informed concerning it. Such action is urged upon the Presi dent on the plea that It may seem discourteous to withhold the docu ment from the Senate, as outsiders have obtained possession of it. Is Not a Treaty. "The strong point to be made in connection with the instrument is that it is not a treaty, but merely a formulation of a conference project which is now used as groundwork for dealings with the Germans. "Some of the members of the American delegation hope the atti tude of the President will remain unchanged. They urge that the Sen ate has no right to participate In negotiations at this stage, and that the President ought not to appear to submit to the Senate under compul sion. They say the fact that the document leaked should not concern or move the President, and that rea sons advanced to induce him to yield are petty and legalistic. DlfXlcaltie of Revision. "The main reason why it Is hoped he will do nothing, however, is that transmission to the Senate at this time might justify the inference that this is a final instrument, and thus the difficulties of the revisions now in progress might be increased both Immediately and in future delibera tions by the Senate. "The suggestion in the American Senate that the Sinn Feiners should have a hearing in Paris has strength ened the position of the Irish dele gates now here, who believe that with this fresh moral support they will make material progress. A report by the Irish-Americans who visited Ireland under British pass nrts, and who studied conditions ere, has been laid before King orgt H RETICENT ON TEXT PLAN DAVISON SAYS LAMONT GAVE HI MI OF PEACE TREATY Elflra Boot, testifying unexpect edly, before the Senate treaty leak investigation committee today, said he has had a cony of the peace treaty for about two weeks. Boot said he got it from Henry P. Davison. New York banker, who, durins: the war. headed the Ameri can Bed Cross War Councili. Davison, who followed Boot as witness, declared he received the copy of the treaty from T. W. La inont. also a member of the J. P. Morgan banking firm. Boot appeared before the commit tee as a volunteer witness. jt ' Leak Unknown To Morgan J. T.' iforgan, took the stand and said he had never- seen a copy of tho treaty. He said he had heard one waa in New Tork. Root entered the committee roonx almost Immediately after Morgan and Davison arrived. Frank A. Vanderljp, former presi dent of the National City Bank, of New York city, showed up Just before Senator Lodge, as chairman of ta commlttee, opened the hearing. Lodge began by reading a telegram from Jacob H. Schiff, of Kuhn. Loeb & Co., Jn which be begged to be ex cused from appearing before the com mittee. Root was the first witness called Senator Lodge explaining- that Root: had" "rolunteered to appear as a wit ness" and "had to take an early traizf back to New York." Sit Together On "Side Liaesw" Before the hearing began Root chatted with Morgan and Davison as the three sat together on & big leather lounge on the "side lines." Root warmly resented, he said, any suggestion by anyone that he had no right to the treaty. He declared that it had been published In full by tha German government and it thereupon became public property. "All diplomatic secrecy ended wbttf the Germans published the treaty," said Root. "I therefore resent any suggestion that I have not a right to have the treaty and use It as see fit, as I propose to do." "The publication of report that this committee would inquire 2nU possession by persons here of copies of the draft treaty with Germany led me to feel it was proper, if not my duty, for me to come here and give the confmittee certain knowledge on the subject which I have," Root said. Makes Dramatic Statement. "I have a copy of the so-called treaty," Root declared dramatically. "I have had It several weeks. It was sent me by Henry P. Davison, chair fan of the war council of the Ameri can Red Cross. He sent it to me a couple of weeks ago. "I stand upon my right to have tt. I deny that anybody can properly question that right. I assert the en tire propriety of my having It. "Mr. Davison had It in Paris while there in consultation regarding1 the relation of the Red Cross to those affairs of international adjustment, and he brought It away with him. "There was no injunction against persons having possession of the document bringing it to the United States. I understood there has been such an injunction or pro tion is sued since Mr. Davison left j. ris. But there was none at the time he came away from Paris against bringing away any document he rightfully bad. "It was not a secret document," Root added. Defend Davison. He defended Davison's right to tb treaty draft because of the relation, of the Red Cross to the treaty pro visions. "The relation of the Red Cross to international conventions and, to tra ditions of international relations made it such that Mr. Davison's p-fts- f-ssion of the treaty was a matteiTt lc "