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Today Why Do Birds Sing? A Complete Lynching. England Buys Bricks. America Buys Diamonds. WEATHER: Fair and continued cool tonight and tomor row. Temperature at 8 a. a, 03 derree. Nor mal temperature for Jane 23 for the last thirty yearm, T5 degree. asliiiiaton NUMBER 11,209. Published every evening (Including Sunday) Entered as scondclaM matter, at th postofflce at Washington. D. C WASHINGTON, SATURDAY EVENING, JUNE 28, 1919. Closing Wall Street Prices PRICE TWO CENTS. INAL' EDITION wms , By ARTHUR BRISBANE. a (Coprrirht. lsii.) t Mr. Jailliard, very rich, leaves five million dollars to provide A music free. Music does poothe the savage breast, notwithstand- l ing that the -world's two great- j est musicians, Wagner and Beethoven, were German. Music does more important work than breast soothing. It does for the brain of man "what the plow does , for the soil. When men 'become civilized and safe, they will all sing. Why are birds the only singing animals? Because they alone had wings that gave them safety and leisure to practice. Mr. Juilliard puts his five mil ' lion dollars' worth of music in the hands of bank presidents, be ing a hardheaded business man. If a rich musician left a bank in charge of three fiddlers, how the world would " laugh. It is always pleasing to know that religion prospers. Chris- , tian Scientists in New York city have bought an old church on : Madison avenue for $1,500,000. They will tear down and rebuild, spending another million. There 1 is religious prosperity based on 'belief. 1 The vestrymen of the old ' church, St Bartholomew's, paid $150,000 for the property in " 1870. Their net profit is $1,350,- 000. There is religious prosper- ity based on unearned increment ' and, of course, entire freedom from taxation. "To discourage vice, make it ex , pensive," is an old saying. This ', country has just appropriated j nearly seven 'hundred millions for ths navy and nine hundred mil- lions for the army. That ought to ! discourage the vice of war, which, for the present, will cost annually double the whole national debt as it stood in 1914. 1 HenryFord, of Detroit, continues i the eccentricities that have caused ' some patriots to call him anarchist. nie Secretary of the United States J Treasury at Ford's request is going Ir oyer furus lhjubjj, uim uio hh.m;i t'-sSfik return to the Government 3' every dollar made by him on Gov- j ernment contracts during the war. j There is apparently no danger of j this ikiai. of anarchy becoming epidemic far America There seems to be prosperity ahead of this nation. Common sense, good pay, short hours, and Government labor enterprises added could make everybody happy, except the Bolshevist England wants to buy ten thou sand million bricks from the : United States. Our brick manu- facturers have thoughtfully multi plied the price by three. The steel " trust is selling rails In England " for $80 a ton; the British can't match that price, although it is ' about double the price in America. Americans are buying their high- priced jewelry from London aris tocracy. They bought eight hun dred thousand dollars' worth of it at ona sale recently. The English . are selling their jewelry, putting ithe money into government bonds. America is not doing that Good diamonds sell here for five hun i dred dollars a carat four times i what they used to bring. Luckily , they are not necessities. , The Bolsheviki are spending at the rate of two million dollars a month to overthrow government in this country. They will have to do better than that Twenty-four mil lions a year doesn't cut much figure in America now. With tht amount you couldn't start a revolu tion in Plalnfield, N. J. By the way, no news from the police concerning the senders of bombs whose work began about two months ago. No trace of the murderer who put poison in the soup at the archbishop's dinner in Chicago. Ordinary murderers talk and are caught. The new kind hold their tongues. Why not try a r reward of a hundred thousand dol- lars, plus immunity? SOME BODY knows who threw the 1 bombs. A new, more complete lynching tale comes from Mississippi. They caught the negro, Hartfield, in a i canebrake, several hundred col ored men assisting in running him down. They shot him, and the doctors said he couldn't live twenty-four hours. Then they hanged I him to a tree above a pile of wood J and set fire to the wood while he hung and kicked. The young wom I an whom he attacked witnessed I the performance. That makes a very complete story. What is the ' psychological impulse that leads the young woman to watch the burning? Congress wants to know where the money came from to pay inter est on Russian bonds, bought in ' this country? Mr. Lenine didn't pay the interest. Who did? Was it paid perhaps by patriotic tax payers engaged without knowing in making Russian bonds safe for plutocracy? It's an interesting investigation. It might tell us just where the hundreds of mil lions went that were taken from Vthe peoples' pockets to help demo 'cratic government in Russia. AUTO TRUCKS, ALL DRESSED ON AVEN Between throngs of spectators who lined the streets alone: the route of the parade, Washington's greatest automobile truck demonstration passed today. The procession, including every variety of motor transport vehicle from the tiniest delivery truck to the huge lumbering leviathans that served the front line in the Argonne with food and ammunition, was an illustration of the latest development in motor transportation. Movie Men On Job. Not only was the parade Interest ing' from the layman's point of view, but the significance attached to It as a movement for "good roads" and better transportation as a means of lowering the high cost of living was attested by the number of "movie men" who were busy with their cameras along- the route of the pro cession, taking views of the parade and pictures of the entries which will be shown throughout the United States in campaigns lor better high ways. r Headed "by automobile escort of the Police Department, the long convoy left the neighborhood of the Peace Monument at 12:30 o'clock. As the head of the long train of 400 trucks approached the judge's stand, located between Sixth and Seventh streets northwest, bands which were carried in large sight-seeing- automobiles at Intervals In the parade struck up popular airs, and the chauffeurs, giv ing last-second attention to their cars, passed in review before the men who will decide the winners. Following Gen. C. B. Drake, chief of the motor transport corps of the United States Army, and acting grand marshal of the parade today, who rode in a car behind the police escort, came Uncle Sam's own entry, repre sented In the motor transportation corps. TJncle Sam Represented. Uncle Sam was a prominent com petitor, both in number of entries and in types of motor transportation, and the betting was strong that the M. T. C. would figure among the win ners in the prize awards, which take place this evening after the conclu sion of the parade. One of the fea tures of the transport corps' entry was the repair shop on whoei, manned by soldiers, who demonstrat- (Continued on Page 2, Column 6.) 0. S.1L1EPT Tne Government will accept Henry Ford's tender of all the profits he made out of war contracts, and has ordered the United States revenue officials of Detroit to comply with his request for an examination to ascer tain the amount. The Treasury gives notice that If any other harvester of war profits nas a mind to do likewise it will throw no straw in the way of easing his conscience and lightening fcis bank account. Nobody will attempt to estimate the amount of the Ford porfits. but they are away up in the millions, for Mr. Ford built everything from airship parts to tanks and sub marine caasers. E SOGIAUST CHARTER NEW YORK. June 28 Action to revoke the charter of the American Socialist Society, under which the Rand School of Social Science here has been operating, may be taken by the attorney general, it was believed today, following alleged disclosure of a nation-wide plan to overthrow ex isting authority by radical methods. Documents were produced to shpw the Socialists' friendly relations with the Russian soviet bureau here, and efforts to obtain support of American negroes in overthrowing the govern ment. Star iMtmdrr'a $10,000 Equipment insures your shirts and collars comlnc ba-jk ricbt. Judge for rourself. Advt. UP, PARADE FORD'S WAR PROFIT NATIONMAYREVOK PERSHING MAY QUIT OVER BAKER'S STAND PARIS, June 28. Secretary of War Baker's unexpected op position to General Pershing's appointment as chief of staff is not believed to be earnest. If it continues General Pershing will resign, says a copyright cable dispatch to the New York World. This statement is made with out his authority, but it can be taken as the actual belief of his friends. However, those close to President Wilson have every confidence that General Pershing will be given the same rank in America as he holds here, which will call for his appointment to be chief of staff, as any other position would subordinate him to that office. In the meantime General Penning is completing plans for the transport of 400,000 Ameri can troops in July. He expects to have practically all the Amer ican expeditionary force cleaned out by the end of August, save for the small covering force which is to be left in the Rhine lands. B E NEW YORK, June 28. If Bobby Ashe Felnbloom were considerably older than six months he might ap preciate that a decision by the appel late division removes him from a country cottage, an automobile and other luxuries and restores him to the drab monotony of Institutional uniform and routine. The infant whose discovery In a Mount Vernon ashcan brought him much publicity will go back to the New York Nursery and Child's Hos pital, from which he had been "loaned" to Mr. and Mrs. John Fein bloom. The institution demanded the child's return on the ground that the Feinblooms were not proper persons to have custody of the boy, despite the automobile, country cottage and promise to place $20,000 In the bank for him. The hospital charged that before being married to Felnbloom, Mrs. Lula Patrick had not produced evi dence of a divorce from Iloyce Pat rick. It was further alleged that no evidence was found of the marriage ui iae xveinDiooms. LS TO BE CUT $46,000 The payrool of the 2,400 public school teachers of the District fojt the month of June will be cut $4G,000, which means the payment of the longevivty pay will be delayed for the second time in two months. Alonzo Tweedale, District auditor, today stated the teachers would re ceive only their basic pay next Mon day, m some instances, the payroll reduction means the teachers pay will be cut ?50 a month. Efforts to have Congress pass the third deficiency bill, which includes an appropriation of $08,000 for long evity pay, were made to no avail to day. Last May the teachers' salary roll was reduced ?23,000. which meant a loss of one-half of the teachers' long evity pay. Mr. Tweedale said this morning that the retroactive loss of pay, resulting from the reduction would be paid Im mediately following the passage of the deficiency bill. Without debate the Senate today unanimously agTeed to appropriate $2,000,000 to enable the Department cf Justice to trace bomb plots and other anarchist activities. The Senate increased the House al lowance for this work in the sundry civil bill by 1600.000. BIG DOINGS ! ! Stay in Washington on THE FOURTH. ASH ABY MUST 0 IS MM SCHOOL PAYROL $2,000,000 VOTED FOR BOMB PROBE OFFICIALLY ERLIN EACED BY MUTINY URGE REV LONDON, June 28. Gnstav Noske, German minister of defense, fearing a general political uprising, has threatened to establish martial law throughout all Germany, according.to a Central News dispatch today from Copenhagen. With order restored by govern ment troops in Hamburg, the situa tion In Berlin is becoming increas ingly grave. Charging a conspiracy to start a nation-wide revolution, the govern ment ordered arrest of ajl commun ist and independent socialist leaders in Berlin. A portion of the garrison in the capital has expressed a formal desire to quit the city. 'Fear was voiced that if the request was not .granted, the troops might throw down their arms and refuse to serve longer, leav ing the capital inadequately protect ed in either event. Soldiers Fire On Crowd. During a demonstration In the northern part of the city yesterday soldlera jflred upon a. crowd. kiHinff two merf-'ind two- women and wound ing six, a Copenhagen dispatch re ported. A bomb was exploded out side the ministry of public works, shattering the windows, but doing no other damage. Defense Minister Noske has order ed rioting suppressed by every pos sible means, but recommended that the troops not use their arms unless absolutely necessary. He declared that Interruption of Industry or trans portation by strikers at this time would be fatal to German interests. General "Von Lettow was ready to march upon Hamburg with heavy forces when he was Informed the movement was not necessary, as the city had been occupied without dis turbances yesterday morning. The Communists, who were in complete control of the city, obtained a promise from the government that they should be granted general amnesty In return for laying down their arms. Seven persons were kill ed and twenty-two wounded in street fighting there. The railway strike, according to an unofficial report, now affects 20,000 workmen. T SAILS TOMORROW President Wilson will IeaTe Paris tonight and sail from Brest tomor row morning on the George Wash ington, Secretary Tumulty officially announced. Barring accidents the President should be back in Washington by a week from next Tuesday. He will Innd at New York and has agreed to a reception there. A personal message from the President stated he was leaving Paris at 9:30 tonight, and ended: "AH welL" When the President will arrive in the United States, or where he will dock, has not yet been determined, the Secretary said. Plans for his tour of the nation probably will not be made public until the President has had time to consult with advisers here and personally to go over the details of the trip. It is probable, howcTcr, he will IeaTe Washington within a week after his return. His address on the peace treaty to Congress will be delivered the day after he arriTes in Washington, if present plans are carried out. Senator Hitchcock, who received a copy of the President's proclamation, read it to the Senate. Though the, reading was tantamount to official notification to Congress that the war was oyer, there was no demonstra tion. TAKE BEIX-AN8 BKFOBE MEALS and e how fin good dlgeatlon makes you faeL Aflvt I TROOPS: REDS XT PRESDEN WILSON President Calls the Treaty Great Charter of Humanity Secretary Tumulty -today made public the following message from the President: s "My fellow-countrymen: x "The treaty of peace has been signed. If it is ratified and acted upon in full and sincere execution of its terms it will furnish the charter for a new order of affairs in the world. "It is a severe treaty in the duties and penalties it im poses upon Germany, but it is severe only because jrreat wrongs done by Germany are to be righted and repaired;-it imposes nothing that Germany cannot do; and she can regain her rightful standing in the world by the prompt and honor able fulfillment of its terms. "And it is much more than a treaty of peace with Ger many. It liberates great peoples who have never before been able to find the way to liberty. It ends, once for all, an old and intolerable order under which small groups of selfish men could use the peoples of great empires to serve their own ambition for power and dominion. "It associates the free governments of the world in a permanent league in which they are pledged to use their united power to maintain peace by maintaining right and justice. "It makes international law a reality supported by im perative sanctions. It does away with the right of conquest and rejects the policy of annexation and substitutes a new order under -which backward nations populations which have not yet come to political consciousness and peoples who are ready for independence but not yet quite prepared to dispense with protection and guidance shall no more be subjected to the domination and exploitation of a stronger nation, but shall be put under the friendly direction and afforded the helpful assistance of governments which undertake to be re sponsible to the opinion of m&ukind in the execution of their task by accepting the directidn. 6f the League of Nations. "It recognizes the inalienable rights of nationality, the -rightrmfnenrinessdhe? sanctity of religious belief and practice. It lays the basis, for conventions which shall free the commercial intercourse of the world from unjust and vexatious restrictions and for every Sort of international co operation that will serve to cleanse the life of the world and facilitate its common action in beneficent service of every kind. "It furnishes guarantees such as were never given or even contemplated before for the fair treatment of all who labor at the daily tasks of the world. "It is for this reason that I have spoken of it as a great charter for a new order of affairs. There is ground here for deep satisfaction, universal reassurance, and confident hope. "WOODROW WILSON." Historic Versailles Saw German Empire Born of Sword and Slain By Pen By JOHN T. PARKERSON, (International Tferm Serrlce). VERSAILLES, France, June 24. ;The German empire has ended where it was founded. The mightiest mili tary power the world ha ever known has been shattered and humbled almost to the point of Impotency. Within the magnificent palace which In Itself waa erected as a symbol of the dlrine rlcht of kings, and which In the present century waa rededl cated to that conception by the war lords of Prussia, the democracies of the earth have foregathered and pro nounced the verdict. Durlntr the 250-odd years which have Intervened since the erection of the famous palace of Versailles, civi lization has traversed a long: and un certain route, but the scene Itself, which has figured so conspicuously In history and cut such a deep Impres sion Into the heart of France, Is little changed in outward appearance. Except for tho occasional hum of an airplane, there is no sign above the slated roofs to indicate the world has moved from the sixteenth to the twen tieth century. The birds sing much as they must have sung In the days of old Louis XIV himself, and one can almost feel the depression in the at mosphere which swept throughout France because of the luxury and ex travagance of kings and queens who in days long past cared naught for the poverty and misery caused to their subjects by royal lives of revelry and Shame. In the Hall of Mirror. It was in this relic place of the old world that the representatives ot the new world met the German dele gates. A long horseshoe table placed In the hall of mirrors Galerie des Glaces around which sat the distin guished coterie of the great nations, was the Immediate setting upon which all mankind visualized its future hopes. The actual signing of the peace treaty took place near the cen ter of the great chamber, while, oddly enough, at the south end where, on January 18, 1871, stood the dais flanked by Prussian Guards from which the creation of the German empire was proclaimed to the world. was reserved for the press. Thus, from the exact spot where the light of '71 had burned so dimly for France, the stroke of the pen replaced the flash of the sword and heralded broadcast almost within the twinkle of an eye the dawn of the new day. The delegates entered tho Hall of Mirrors by the marble staircase which took them through the Queen's apartments, wherein there Is a strik ing picture which probably waa not without Its effect on the Germans a portrait of the late Paul Droulede. apostle of "La Revanche." just as one might have imagined him at the an nual pilgrimages to the Strasbourg statue on the Place de la Concorde. Use Historic Rooms. Tho apartments of King Louis XIV, including the bed room where he died, the ante-chamber and the Salle de l'Oeil de Boeuf, were used as special rooms by the allied and associated delegations, while the Hotel des Reser voirs, built by Louis XV, for Madame de Pompadour, housed the chief repre sentatives of the Germans. In the Salle du Consell, or counsel chamber, where virtually all tho great decisions wore taken governing the course of France under Louis XIV, XV, and XVII. President Wilson. Premiers Lloyd George, Clemenceau, and Orlando, and the Japanese repre sentative, with the spokesmen of the Germans, met privately for a brief conference just before entering the Hall of Mirrors. It was In this room. President Wil son was told, that the decision vns taken to send Lafayette to the aid of tho American Revolution the de cision which happily resulted in lay ing a firm foundation for the great human force which, at the crucial moment of the world war, threw in Its lot with the French and the other self-governing people of Europe to "make the world safe for democracy." Telephone Replace Mob's Shrieks. An Immense amount of work had to be done to adapt the ancient palace to the requirements of a twentic'i- century peace conference. For the first time in history the sound of the telephone bell and the typewriter has (Continued on Page 2 Column 6.) EjL i LjuiJ IN SI MV mm, VERSAILLES; June 28. Germany capitulated today. At a small table in the center of the great Hall of Mir rors, the chief room of the palace here, representatives of the German republic at 3:12 o'clock today meekly ac cepted the peace terms which practically ends Germany as a world power, at least for many years. It was this same room which witnessed the arrogance of Bismarck and Von Moltke, and today the representatives of the de feated German empire accepted the fate which resulted from the junkers' dream of world dictatorship. The German delegates arrived at the palace at 3:08 p. m. for the signing of the treaty. The meeting was convened at 3:09. Premier Clemenceau, opening the ceremony, assured the Germans the treaty text was the same as previously furnished them, and said: "I now invite you to sign." The German delegates signed the document at 3:12, p. m. The American delegation finished signing at 3,:$5f (Pans time). The British began signing immediately The Chinese refused to sign General Smuts, representing Soul under protest, issuing a statement setting forth. bona to the treaty. Clemenceau declared the the entire ceremony occupying forty-one minutes. CENTOAL EMPIRES SUPPLIANTS. It is five years ago mat the plotted assassination of the Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand furnished the excuse Germany sought for starting the world conflict Sarajevo's tragedy today had pires suppliants. The situation m Versailles today is the fulfillment of the greatest dream in modern history. Gathered around the historic hall were the representatives of every great nation in the world. Only the smaller neutral nations were missing. The great horseshoe-shaped table held the rep resentatives of every power which banded together to stamp out militarism and absolutism from the earth. In the center of the great horseshoe sat Clemenceau, the French premier. At his right sat President Wilson. On his left was Lloyd George, the British prime minister. Across the room and just in front of the section re served for the guests, the German delegates were seated. The contrast was very sharp. The old Prussian arrogance was not revealed by the members of the German cabinet who had assumed the duty their country. HOW DELEGATES The seating arrangement of On President Wilson's side Colonel House, Henry White, General Bliss, and after them the French, Italian, Belgian and Greek delegates. Swinging around the horseshoe were the Polish, Portuguese, Rumanian, Czecho slovakia)!, Siamese, Cuban and Chinese delegates. At the left of Premier Lloyd George were the other representatives of Britain and her dominions and the Japanese. Swinging around the corner were the representatives of Germany, Brazil, Bolivia, Uruguay, Peru, Panama, Nicaragua, Liberia, Honduras, Haiti, Guatemala and Ecuador. Marshal Foch was seated among the French delegates. He was not a peace plenipotentiary and did not sign the great docu ment. Of the Italian delegation only three were present Baron Sonnino, M. Imperial! and CrespL The others had not arrived at a late hour. PARIS EN FETE FOR OCCASION. Paris was en fete for the occasion. A holiday was . pro claimed throughout the capital. From every building hung the flags of the allied nations. Thousands of persons in holiday attire gathered along the roads leading to Versailles. The streets, as usual, were heavily guarded by troops. Through packed lanes of humanity the delegations passed one by one, their motors flaunting the flags of practically all nations except those which made up the central powers and the few neutrals not represented. The weather, which for the past few days has been cold and raw, moderated somewhat today, accompanied by a cold wind. The arrival of each delegation was heralded by a trumpeter. After being saluted, the members were taken in charge by at tendants and conducted to the places assigned for them. Shortly before 3 o clock motors left the palace m charge of the French military mission and Here the German delegates were to the palace, where they waited 1 TREATY TODAY delegation, followed by after the American, Proceedings c! made the great central em of salvaging what was left of WERE SEATED. the delegates was as follows: of the table: Secretary Lansing, but was overcast at noon and went to the Hotel taien m charge and driven m'an ante-room untu tha &. -aMEJr M-tsFai 3:50. r' YlR?