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OF THE WASHINGTON TIME WASHINGTON AUGUST 24. 1919 S Tgffgjfr THE NATIONAL DAILY cggfe " Ileg, u g Patent Office. jgg ARTHUR BRISBANE. Editor and Owner. ,, A , EDGAR D. SHAW. Publisher. , . . Entered as second class matter at the Postofflce at Washington. D c. Published Every Evening (Including: Sundays) by The Washington Times Company, Munsey Bldg., Pennsylvania At. Mall Subscriptions: 1 yeer (Inc. Sundays), $7.50; 3 Months. $1.90; 1 Month. 6rM. SUNDAY. AUGUST 34. 1919. Eternity, Most Dreadful Word The Effect of This Word On a Man's Mind Gives An Unmistakable Index to His Character. The Path of Forever "BEYOND IS ALL ABYSS, ETERNITY, WHOSE END NO MAN CAN REACH." Milton. Time leads on, FOREVER. There can be no end, as there was no beginning. We live our little life here, between the cradle and the grave, hoping and planning, all within avbrief hour. We hurry through life, and through each day. Busy with little things, we try to forget the big things, the terrible realities. But we cannot forget. Byron, with his red hot poetry, his wild desires, his painful conceit about his lame leg and all the rest of it, was obliged to say, "Eternity forbids us to forget." And almost every other one of the men that have thought and felt on earth have felt most deeply on eternity that goes on and on, time that can never end, and that takes us with it. At the end of this editorial you will find a number of quotations, each expressing briefly the effect, that eternity produces upon an able mind. It may interest you to see how these thoughts compare with your own, as you contemplate eternity and try to realize that matter, force, life, AND YOU, must go on forever and ever, changing in form, in occupa tion, in locality, going to sleep at night and dying occa sionally, but NEVER ENDING. Mr. McCay in his picture endeavors to comply with the editor's request: "Make a picture that will show your idea of eternity, without beginning or end." He shows you Father Time leading a strange procession through the clouds and the stars, on a journey to last forever. At this particular moment, and on this particular little earth, Time as he moves takes with him elephants, tigers, rhinoceroses, birds, human beings. If you had come here a few million years ago you would have found Time leading a different army. Not one of the creatures in this picture would have been visible then. Instead, dinosaurs and other monsters. There are many words in our language that, taken by themselves, arouse deep feeling. Every word that we use, remember, is the result of long thinking and change. Every word of importance represent the condensed essence of thousands of years of thought. LIFE and DEATH are two great words. The word NEVER and the word HOPE, if you concentrate your mind on them, will each bring a thousand ideas and suggestions. PAIN is a word that of itself takes you back through suffering, makes you think of the millions upon whom suf fering has been inflicted. SORROW is a word that brings on a certain mood of pity, while the word HATE changes the mood entirely, causes the brows to contract, and brings into the mind the poison of bitterness. Of all the words, none carries with it so much meaning, so many thoughts of fear, courage, hope, curiosity, awe, ap prehension and determination as that word "ETERNITY" written on this picture. If you could pronounce the word, look into the mind of the man that heard you, and see the effect on that mind, you would know just what kind of a man he was. When ambition hears the word "Eternity" it thanks God that it has time without end in which to do something worth while. When timidity hears that word, it shudders and thinks almost with pleasure of the waiting grave. As for the mind to which the powerful word "ETER NITY" means nothing, you may say quite safely that to such a mind no word would have any real meaning. After looking at this picture and thinking about it, you will read with interest the quotations that follow, showing how men of character and intellect have briefly expressed the feeling created in them by the knowledge that time can never end, that it never began, and that in all probability each of us must forever go on with it. Cicero, the Roman of keen brain who made the practical mistake of opposing Caesar, and lost his life in consequence, says truly that the greater the mind the greater the interest in the endless destiny ahead of us. "There is, I know not how, in the minds of men, a certain presage, as it were, of a future existence; and this takes the deepest root, and is most discoverable, in the greatest genuises and most exalted souls." One man contemplates eternity and moralizes. For instance: "Nothing is eternal but that which is done for God and others. That which is done for self dies." Another, Bishop Heber, sees eternal time as almost a living thing: "Eternity lias no gray hairs! The flowers fade, the heart withers, man grows old and dies, the world lies down in the sepulchre of ages, but time writes no wrinkles on the brow of eternity." Locko, whose work, "Essay on the Human Understand ing," is on of the world's intellectual monuments, reminds you that our short life here amounts to little compared to what I coctinjrj Human Beings, Limited in Every Direction, Born Today, Gone Tomorrow Are Filled with Horror at the Thought of Space That Has No Limit and of Time That Never Began and Never Can End. Yet if Any Statement Formulated by Man's vFeebIe Mind Can Be Called True, It Is the Statement That the Hour in Which We Live Is Part of an Eternity That Must Stretch on Forever, and That the Spot Where We Stand Is Part of Space That Cannot Possibly Have Any Bounds. For Time Must Go On Forever, and Space Can Have No End. x If You Say That Time Will End You Cannot An swer the Question, "What Will Come After That?" And if You Say That There Must Be a Limit to Space You Cannot Answer ihe Question, "What Is There Beyond and Outside of That Limit?" Ah! The Poor Fish , f fKOUMO STEAK SXJLL GO AND HoVJ AUCH FOR.) fOWIHf-T TH I (& S'FK " ( "VEPJ VOfiAl 8o cents-a Y catch A FJSH The Fish Ble7 S.?' JVJSMr) DWERs ar& ssr l -"' ' p-jT : flSfe &ywk& g W Corp 5o "If there remains an eternity to us after the short revolution of time we so swiftly run over here, 'tis clear that all the happiness that can be imagined in this fleet ing state is not valuable in respect of the future." Many a man will agree with Burnet that all real intel lectual comfort is to be found in Eternity, in the knowledge that there will be plenty of time in which to do the things that we have not yet done, that we shall have plenty of leisure for thinking, exploring and contemplating the cosmic scheme that includes endless time and unlimited space. He says: "Let us be adventurers for another world. It is at least a fair and noble chance; and there is nothing in tills worth our thoughts or our passion. If we should be disappointed, we are still no worse than the rest of our fellow-mortals; and if we succeed in our expecta tions we are eternally happy." One poet expresses the attitude of the bewildered mind thus: 4 'Eternity, thou awful Gulpli of Time, This wide creation on thy surface floats. Of life of death what is, or what shall be, I nothing know. The world is all a dream, The consciousness of something that exists, Yet is not what it seems. Then what am I? Death must unfold the mystery!" Every human being, perhaps, would answer in a dif ferent way the question, "What is Eternity, and how does it impress youi" One of the best answers was given by a child in a deaf and dumb institution in Paris, "Eternity is the lifetime of the Almighty." Man stands on the edge of Eternity, like one of the baby crabs on the edge of the Atlantic Ocean. He can know as much about Eternity as the crab can know about the ocean. But fortunately he can feel and imagine more than his little brother the crab. His life here is hurried; he hurries out of bed and hurries to bed. He hurries to his meal and hurries away, if he is a working American; all his life he is driven, and an automobile hearse going eighteen miles an hour takes him to the grave. But in the Universe and in Eternity there is no HURRY. And somewhere in Eternity we shall know what this Universe means and settle down really to enjoy ourselves in it. MZ&MMM$mm$MBSBkW IQfflfi&j &3mKez& "Ymffiwlii r I WET JawliJ31!wM &MxKBMMS&gm HEARD AND SEEN By EAEL GODWIN. In the days of Pejn?y O'Neill, the pretty daughter of the most jovial innkeeper Washington ever saw In those days when Andrew Jackson smoked his corncob pipe in the White House and his Cabinet re signed because the ladies of the Cabinet wduldn't receive this same Peggy O'Neill as wife of the Secre tary of War. In those days when the world's besv sherry was imported through Alexandria warehouses and retailed here for S3 a quart; and Tom and Jerry sold for twelve cents a drink In those good old days which will NEVER return again, Washington saw its first organized attempt to make the National Capital ory. Those good old days, when the stage coach between here and Bal timore was occasionally held up by road agents: when Daniel Webster lived somewhere around Four-and-a-half street and his "reply to Hayne" was the story of the day; in the era when an inaugural recep tion at the White House was a jam-, boree (including unlimited rum served from the barrel). When the "voterflns" tn he considered for jobs were those of the revolution and the war of 1812, in those old times, I repeat,. a few temperance socieues banded together under the name of "The Temperance Union, D. C, with the firm object of stopping for ever the sale of "ardent spirits. "Signing the pledge" seemed to bo about as far as the temperance so .inJoj -viTPnt. hut the union went in for a complete revolution and asked fvi. fi -onnol rvF nil lirPTISa ULWB. IS first meeting, held in the Methodist Episcopal Uhurcn, oi Aiexanorjit, tnen m ineiistricuu vawuuh on Julv 4. 1835. saw representatives of eleven societies, including organi-j zations from many neighborhoods, such as the Navy Yard, Rock Creek parish, Alexandria, Tenleytown. and Georgetown. This meeting adopted a platform for the complete ruin of the trade in "ardent spirits," and re solved "that the traffic in intoxicat ing drinks is morally wrong and ought to be immediately abandoned.w The meeting also had a 'warm dis cussion over ministers of the Gos pels, who either openly opposed tem perance as being too radical a move, or who gave only mediocre and luke warm support. "respectable" authorities to contem plate. The license laws, the unioa declared, imposed this burden of wm upon the community, and were therefore unjust and unreasonabla and should be repealed. rtIt is a political maxim, well known and recognized in the prin ciple or ail sound government, that the majority should not be taxed for the exclusive benefit or the minori ty," said the union. "In the opera tion of the license laws this maxim Is virtually annulled. We find a large majority of our fellow-citizens annually paying a heavy and in creasing tax to enrich the retailers of ardent spirits, who are compara tively a small class of th commun ity and by whose business pauper ism, disease, and crime are entailed upon the majority and for the sup port of which the majority are un JusUy compelled to pay." Along with that the union present ed the startling affidavits of forty five physicians of CincinnaU who placed ardent spirits In the class with arsenic! John Coyle, corresponding secre tary of the union, was directed to write to the mayor and other nfti clals to get the costs of supporting paupers, prisoners, and the public sick. Mayor Bradley was oar civic head In those days and William Hewitt our register. They replied tnat tne revenue rrom liquor licensee was ?8,408. Chief Justice William Cranch, of the Supreme Court of thai District of Columbia, did a lot of fig uring ana replied that the averasa annual cost of prosecuting cases arising from foo much drink was $6,642.23; and Judge Cranch, by the way, made the wise observation that there never would be any real tem perance law unless there was a strong preponderance of- public opin ion to support one. Otherwise, NO temperance law could be enforced. The argument that intoxicating drinks were "morally wrong" seems n have been a. new one in this neigh borhood at that time and attracted considerable attention. "Tie novelty of the subject to many and the gen eral feeling and eqoaL opportunity of expression of any opinion upon it, called lareer meetings than had been held at anytime previous," said a representative of the Young Mens Temperance union, a pan. . una union and claiming, to have been the actual pioneer in temperance work. (Its first bie meeting was held in the First Presbyterian Church on Four-and-a-half street in 1827, Senator Pinckney of S. C presiding.) One of the rough spots on the road to a completely arid Washington at that time were the grocery stores which sold "ardent spirits." That seems to have been a thriving part of the grocery business in those days, but the work of the temper ance societies induced several gro cers to give up "wet" groceries and conduct "temperance stores." They had a hard time, however, for itwas apparent that only a few temperance folks realized the sacrifice. There fore the first meeting of the union asked that ALL good "drys" support "temperance groceries" to the exclu sion of the "wet" stores. Then the union sat down to peti tion the mayor and council (we could at least VOTE in those days) to abolish liquor licenses, claiming these liquor laws to be unjust, op pressive and injurious. In the peti tion the mayor was told that "the Young Men's Total Abstinence Tem perance Sociey reported 270 venders of the liquid poison of ardent spirit one DRUNKER to every twelve families." At the same time the union set about to canvass "the most respectable" of the city's offi cials, leaving out those who drank, I presume, in an effort to prove that these same ardent spirits were the direct cause of nine-tenths of the disease, poverty and crime in the city. And thereon followed one of the gloomiest and dreariest pictures that words can paint Drunkards' families, homes and graves were brought forth in the most lugubrious w . . -- & paragraphs and held up for these Dr. Alex McWflliams was the at tending physician and Dr. Richard Butt, the Intendent of the Washing ton Asylum. They declared that practically ALL their cases arose from "ardent spirits." These two worthies also declared that without ardent spirits "an addition would be formed to the peace and comfort generally, as you can find at almost all hours of the night youths of all ages and sexes going from one ordinary to another, hallooing and ringing the most indecent songs which must annoy the citizens and greatly offend the virtuous and deli cate part of the community. The nnion received many letters from "the reverend clergy," includ ing a most enthusiastic one from, Reuben Post, pastor of the First Presbyterian Church, who declared without reservation that whenever he smelled liquor upon a sinner's breath he "felt little encouragement to labor for his salvation. If the aforesaid sinner win not quit drink ing; declares the Reverend Mr. Post, "there would seem to be abont as much reason to hope for the con version of a bear of baboon as o such a person." Georgetown's' mayor, 3uhn Cox, said ALL riotous conduct was caused by drink. Magistrate Joel Brown, of the same town, shaved down the mayor's estimate to four fifths of the rioting (Georgetown must have been a much noisier place then than now) and further de clared that if the police enforced the laws properly there wouldn't "one-half the riots that now prevan."' It is interesting to note In the re port of the second annual meeting of the union no members from Georgetown appeared, and a doleful paragraph in the minutes declared that "It is to be greatly regretted that the temperance cause has made so little advance in this community.' Francis Scott Key, famous ht American history as the author or the national anthem, was at that time United States District Attorney for the District of Columbia. He is quoted in the union minutes as de claring that the sale of spirituous liquors was the main cause of crime; and said that the annual cost of prosecuting and punishing crime here was 521,008.14. He also takes a slam at the police: "I am confi dent," he writes, That a vigilant poUce and the suppression of dram shops would diminish it Ccrtmel at least one-half. Of course, it must be remembered that there was no organized police in those days. A few watchmen and constables, evi dently asleep on the job, were all we had. HERE AND .THERE Prmtrressman Blanton. the Gov ernment clerks' enemy and union la bor's greatest Congressional assail ant, maoe more uwn tw bjjccuim m his district promising that he would get Congress to work by nine every morning and would reform legisla tive machinery in oiner ways. At tViia nresent moment Mr. Blanton is the greatest obstacle to progress seen in congress since me cucuauau Administration at least. Before Blanton got started when Congress meet at noon it did some thing. Now he will not let it do anything but adjourn. "The Kaiser," remarks the sapient Morning Herald "is getting off light, but suppose he had stolen a sheep or slapped a policeman." Or parked his automobile on F street. We take pleasure in reproducing the August 15 issue of the News of jfort Washington, N. Y.: "Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Stein berger, of Washington, D. C., are visiting Mr. and Mrs. Mau rice J. Engel. Manv of 'Roose vlt's Neighbors,' who attended the inauguration of Taft as President, will remember Sam 'Smiling Sam,' as they call him in Washington. His hotel in the Capital City was the headquar ters of the Nassau county con tingent. Sam still had the smile when he called yesterday at the News office." Glaring Neglect to Police the North west Section. On last Thursday night, about 10:30, a sailor and a girl were seen walking across the Connecticut Ave nue bridge, arm in arm. There was not a policeman anywhere around to herewith one of the leading items of prevent this "rranHaloa ocenrrence. "