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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, September 11, 1919, FINAL EDITION, Image 1

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A World Too Complicated.-
What Mercier Sees.
You May Now End life. . ,
Partly cloudy toalgatj
temarrew fair. ' Tem
perature at 8 a. a. M
degrees. Ifersasl temtrera
tare ior SieBr It
for the last 56 ' years,
70 decree.
poctoffic mt . Wtuhlnftoa, IX GL
Full Text of the Fair Rent Commission Bill For District of Columbia
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mim Jim m&m - -- JLt -- k2a a2
the iJJastoftfott
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M !iF a
1 (Ceftyrltht. 1J1J.)
For the average mind three
Quarters occupied vfith its own af
fairs, there are too many things ;to
think about in this day of hurry,
war, profiteering, strikes, Bolshe
vism, wireless and all other social
aaisances and scientific marvels.
For instance:
At a wireless station in Norway
is heard a voice speaking in the
United States. That voice trav
eled thousands of miles through
the air via the wireless telephone.
What are ordinary miracles after
A fcfcman voice actually talked
through several thousand miles of
this earth's thick impeding atroos
phere. How long before that
voice will go through the impon
derable -ether, asking the men on
"How did you gentlemen dig
Tuf 'canals? We shall need canals
like yours "by and by, when
threugh attrition our earth be
came absolutely round, so that the
waters of the ooim would cover it
one mile deep everywhere. Like
yea, We shall have to dig canals to
hold the extra -water. Please tell
s how." -
Oil drips in a mysterious man-'
ner from tit, ceilings of & house
ta NorfoJKfpngland. Day after
ttay tie oil drips down. There are
ftotiraB f petroleum wealth, and
talk cf haunting spirits. A fifteen-year-eld
girl confesses that she
has been sprinkling the kitchen
ceiling wiQi oil. Suofc confessions
weak! help to solve many modern
I miracles.
Oh his return to Belgium from
New York CardUal Mercier will
say that he has seen interesting
re in a land of tolerance. He
ta & city with more than one
Ktec Jewish dtisecs and a
tjr who is a Catholic; also he
t the Catholic rdvemot of
New York State. New York, with
atere than a million Jews, has a
Catholic for mayor. Some, a city
f Catholics, recently had a Jew
fr mayor. The world cheageff
Mad old lines are broken dqWa.
Almest everyihiag today would
surprise the peefle of olden times.
Wfcea the Tartars cfefafeered
Oris, thev vta&iAta hsUffle the
men eafefly,. aad keep ih?weraen.
Se tlv maJa 4JHr f&air si
Se tiey aae tiw ajto m tkeir
fair grew ia leag pig
iarwr jsaiiputsg
grieve 16 !& theigtaft tbus
impeaed q tStem. The feet of
the Chineee jtmm weritsqueezed
frwn bayhed.1y Tartar order.
Witk rattrtapa feet only a few
inches khz asd badly crippled,
they would, matarally stay at home .
and not ran away from Tartar
masters. And now these Chinese
feet bather the Christian mission
aries. Women with deformed feet
cannot walk to church, and the
missionaries do not know what
to do about, it. That would sur
prise the. Tartars.
New York decided, September
1st, that it is bo longer a felony to
try to take yoar'own life, which is
about Jfce only thing that people
really own. Consequently, a lady
of a well-known family, brought
Ashore from a- sea bath with the
veins of her wrist cut open In an
attempt at suicide, will not be pros
cutefl. In. other days suicide was con
sidered honorable. The Greek
jfeOoeopaer that stumbled as he
jjeft lla class, then killed himself
bcase he was getting old, was
Matired for his determination.
Sdcratea and other statesmen were
ordered to kill themselves by
drinking poison. Throughout his
tory defeated heroes "leaning on
their sword's point to end their
Uvea, have been looked upon as
true sports. Those that lacked
courage to kill themselves were
Once the man that wouldn't fight
a duel was called a coward. Now
the man that wants to fight is
called a fooL And the man that
wants to commit suicide today,
instead of being called brave, is
called a quitter.
D6 you realize how much stock
gambling has to do with opposi
tion to Government ownership ?
If Government owned railroads
there would be no more stock ex
change gambling in railroad
shares. Their value would, be es
tablished, fixed. They would be
neither gutted nor boomed. They
would no longer pay one-eighth Of
one per cent commission as pawns
in the gambling game.
It seems that today gambling is
beginning to regulate the price of
canned goods, as well as the price
t of corn, oats, etc
Is there any good reason why
gambling in the necessities of life
should not be made an offense
punished with imprisonment and
bard labor, -as France punishes
gamblers in breadstuff s? There is,
of warse, one reason. If such
gambling were made a crime and
the crime were permitted on a suf
ficiently large scale, there would
be, in accordance with the Ameri
can custom, bo punishment for the
Money is stolen by the millions
in this country, and, doae on a
iftnaller scale, that is a crime. How
often. have yea heard of a really
ig wuei going 10 jau ; mat does
set happen in this republic. He
seas yaehttag at this seasoa, and
Swth ia bis private car later.
h Mis - itt Mifei fiywiiwff
JMsmL 1 mi- Am anV nhfit
m . f & ' J1 vb
won OVER
BIliLINGSj Mont., Sept 11 The
industrial situation in thi United
States was giving President Wilson
distinct concern today. The threat
ening aspect of the steel trade
where a strike has been decided
upon because Judge Gary refused to
meet the American Reoperation of
Labor leaders, is considered by the
President to be a menace to the
couatry, it was learned today, And
it was because he believed so that
the President" last' night sent his ap
peal to President Samael Gompers
asking him to use his influence to
urge upon the steel men the wis-,
dom and desirability of postponing
action of any Mad until after the
industrial ceafereade in Washington
PIwet X&fiy vrxs
without word as 6 iae "wttaer ,ia
fvblck his appfcahWi rW$e it was
-ascertalaed tfcat he taig hepeful Mr.
Gompers . wouli he aWe to prevent
the threatened strike. The President
in hla address at Dcs Molaes and St.
Paul took oeeaalon to severely criti
cise employers o labor '"who -would
aot discuss labor problems with their
That reference, it was stated, had
J.0 do directly with the position a-
(Continued on Page 2, Celamn 1.)
i j .
Pay of Hines' Staff Totals
$198,100 Annually,
House Is Told.
Fifty-nine officials of the Railroad
Administration, "princes at Washing
ton who sit In upholstered furniture
and swinsr In swivel chairs amidst
luxurious surrounding's." receive a
much hlcber salary than General
Pershing-, Congressman Thompson
Charged In the House yesterday.
"Seventy-two men on the staff of
the Director General of Railroads re
ceive salaries aggregating- $1,398,100
annually," Mr. Thompson asserted.
Most of them receive more than the
Chief Justice of the United States,
whose compensation is $15,000 a year
more than General Pershing, more
than Cabinet officers. Senators, and
"The records will show that five of
offlcIalB ar6 each receiving
350,000 per annum, two are gettlnr
S40.000. three $35,000. two $30,000
ht WWVeleven $20,000. one $18.:
500, one $18,000. one $17,000. six $15 -000,
one $14,000, one $13,200, one $12'-
w. iuui i,wu, one 10,800
one ,
iv.wv, ana twenty-three $10,000.
uuc oi lacsB large salaries were au
thorized specifically by Congress."
Keeping Up With
The Times
The Times has been a
companion on a lot of va
cation trips this yearand
often to far distant places.
Orders to have the paper
sent for brief periods in
cludes States as far East
as Maine,, as far West-as
Idaho and as far Southwest
as Louisiana. -
One man had The Times
sent to his daughter for two
weeks in Vermont and the
following two weeks in New
York, and was emphatic in
his care that the time should
be so reckoned that she
should not miss a copy.
First Division Troop Trains Unloading at Washington Terminal
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Trains Bearing the artillery and horse-drawn equipment C the
First Division are arriving loday at the JSekington yards. As
soon as the trains arrive ihey are unloaded and quickly moved
out of the way to make room for new arrivals. The picture shows
two of the trains,' one loaded with escort wagons and the Other
Six Democratic members of the
Torelgn Relations Committee today
presented to the Senate a minority
report on the peace treaty ursine un
qualified adoption of the pact.
The report replies to statements
made In the majority report filed by
Senator Lodge yesterday and charges
that Senators opposing the League of
.Nations, knowing it is invincible In
a fair fight, are trying to defeat it
"by indirection" through reservations.
"Vices ef Amendneata."
The proposed reservations, the re
port said, have all the vices of amend
ments "and the additional vice of
pretending to be what they are not"
interpretations of the covenant's lan
guage. The document, which was signed by
Senators Hitchcock. Williams. Swan-
Bon Pomerene, Smith of Arizona, and
i'ittman, stated;
That American trade already shows
effects of this delay.
That adoption of the majority's
amendments or reservations means the
United States will lose all concessions
secure'd from Germany by a dictated
That the reservations are the work
of Senators determined to destroy the
league and if possible defeat the
That the League of Nations is the
world's only hope of preventing inter
national chaos.
That those opposing it have nothing
to offer to do this.
Deplore Long Delay.
"We deplore," said the report, "the
long and Unnecessary delay to which
the treaty has been subjected while
locked up In the committee whoso
majority decisions and recommenda
tions were from the start a foregone
conclusion. They could have been
made in July ns well as in September,
and would have been the same.
"Our export trade already shows
the undeniable effects of delay and
doubt in treaty ratification and peace
settlement For the first seven
months foHowlng the armistice, our
exports averaged almost $700,000,000
per month, but in July they fell to
"Europe undoubtedly wanta out"
products but can only take them in
full quantity If our financial insti-
tuu 4w.,r w iiuMmi jujsw'i
umons provide we creo.it to onage
(Continued on Page 6, Column 3.) I
Drastic Bill to Curb
Rent Prof teering In
D. C. Sent to Senate
With the unaninions approval of the District Commit
tee, Senator Ball, chairman of the subcommittee that inves
tigated rent commsions in Washington, reported to the
Senate today a model anti-rent profiteering law for the
District of Columbia.
Drastic Amendment.
Final action was taken on the bill
by the full committee this morning,
and further amendments, making"
stronger the protection of the tenant
against property owners ere-lnaert-ed
In the bill.
At the suggestion of Senator-Jones,
of Washington, the committee accept
ed the following amendment:
"That every lease or sublease here
tofore or hereafter entered into under
duress or by Intimidation is hereby
declared to be against public policy
and shall become voidablA."
The question was raised that ten
ants should be given the right to sue
for reparation in such instances, and
this was also agreed to by the com
mittee. The amendment would leave
it optionable on the part, of the ten
ant to sue In the courts; for the re
covery of such payments to land
lords over a reasonable rental.
Tenant Farther Protected.
Senator Sherman, chairman of the
committee, succeeded In amending the
bill still further in the In&rest of the
tenant. His amendment provides that
"there shall be no discrimination
against tenants." This .would pre
vent landlords from discriminating
against tenants who have taken ad
vantage of the Saulsbury law.
Another amendment by Senator
Sheppard of Texas would make all
documents relative to disputes be
tween landlord and tenant strictly
conn dential, unless the case is ap
pealed to the courts.
Senate To 0ct Retain.
After some discussion It was de
cided to leave to the discrimination
of the Senate the questlen of a fair
return upon Investment". The bill
originally was framed to -permit a re
turn of 10 per cent on euch Invest
ments. It was decided that this would dis
criminate perhaps against some
apartment houses that are known to
have been operating at loas during
the war. At the suggestion or Sen
ator Sherman, the whole question was
left open.
Senator Ball said It had been the
Intention of the sub-committee, to en
courage building operations In eyery
way. It was pointed out by Senator
bearing artillery caissons, which arrived this morning before day
light The eritire transportation of the division probably will be
moved from New; York to : Washington before midnight, with the
exception o$ the motor transport which is coming overland from
New York. '
Sherman howett.ar , that the apart
ment houses now being erected In
Washington are out of the reach of
the pocketbook of the average Gov
ernment employe.
Wants Ontstde Commissioner.
Senator Sherman voiced objection
to the provision In the bill which
makes It necessary for members of
the rent commission to be residents
of Washington for two years before
they are appointed. He declared
that almost every resident in Wash
ington had personal interest In real
estate and finance which would seri
ously affect the work of thecoram!s
sien. He warned that personal relations
of members of the commission with
their Interest In Washington would
prove Just as advantageous to the
Senator Ball was ordered to report
the bill as it now stands. Every effort
will be made to secure Its adoption
before October 1, when the new rent
year beginB, despite the fact, that the
peace treaty will be kept continuously
before the Senate until final action Is
taken on It.
Jail Looms for Profiteers.
Jail sentences for Washington rent
profiteers loomed up as a possibility
In the Senate today when the Gov
ernment's anti-food profiteering bill,
with an amendment to It providing
severe penalties for exorbitant rent
als In the District of Columbia, was
taken up for consideration.
Senator Harrison of Mississippi In
tends to press for the adoption 6f
his rent amendment, which he. de
clares Is necessary to taeet conditions
In Washington, which he described
as due to "piratical landlords who
have been robbing the people of the
District In too high and excessive
rents. Let us meet the conditions as
they arise," he said, "meet them
promptly and effectively."
Considerable discussion arose over
the advisability of 8enator Harrison's
amendment Senator Phelan of Cal
ifornia believed the best solution
would be found In the Oo'ernment
"paying Its employes who necessarily
(Continued on Page 18, Column 2.)
BALTIMORE. Sept. 11. President
Wilson may draft Edward N. Hurley,
formenhead of the United States Shlp
plngiBoard, for Secretary of Commerce
to succeed William C. Redfleld. who
quits the last of October to resume
business activities, according to a
Washington dispatch to the Baltimore
It Is understood that Mr. Hurley de-slren-to
forget Government affairs, but
if the President tells him that he is
the man to lead the United States out
of the chaotic conditions resulting
from the war, he will serve.
It was stated today by persons close
to the President that he 1s looking for
a man of transcendent ability, who
knows the business conditions and
people of this country, and that Mr.
Hurley fills the bill exactly. If Mr.
Hurley is selected and consents to act,
the Department of Commerce will be
developed Into a powerful Government
agency for the upbuilding of domestic
Industries and a large trade with for
eign nations.
As the director of the shipping
board, Mr. Hurley was a signal suc-
(Contlnued on Pago 1, Column 3.)
Discovery May Revolutionize
Industry of World, Says
British Scientist.
LONDON, Sept. 11. Sir Charles
Parsons, K. C. B, F. R- S-. leading
British electrical engineer and presi
dent 6f the British Association, com
posed of most of the noted British
scientists and engineers, announced
the probable discovery of a new
source of power which he. said will
revolutionise the Industry of the
"Llrqltlens power Is concealed In
the earth's interior." Sir Charles said,
"which is obtainable by boring
twelve miles Into the crust of the
earth. The possibilities of this pow
er are now Incomprehensible."
I19 I
Every American soldier who
became a "casualty" in the war
against Germany at last has
been accounted for.
A list of missing and unac
counted for, which a one time
was as high as 25,905 gradually;
was reduced until for weeks it
remained at two. It is now pre
sumed there fa no doubt the two
soldiers are dead and they have
been so listed officially.
Of the . total first reported
missing 23 per cent died, 16 per
cent were foand to be prisoners,
25 per cent were lost from their
organizations in the confusion
of battle, but subsequently re
joined them. The remainder'
were--found scattered through
various hospital;
Bearing their overseas tan, taelr
medals, and the ''smile that won the
war," 6,532 officers and men of the
First Division are. arriving ia Wash
ington today, "alt pepped up" for tbe
parade here Wednesday:
Until after noon today fourteen
troop trains had arrived at the Wash
ington Terminal yards. Before mid
night the remainder of the forty-four
trains conveying the entire horse
drawn transportation of the division
and 5,000 animals will have arrived
in the Capital.
The trains, running- at Intervals of
thirty minutes, were unloaded as
soon as they reached the siding, and
the doughboys, expert now in un
loading wagons, kitchens, ammuni
tion carts, not to mention kicking,
squirming, biting, and squealing In
subordinate army mules, were out of
the yards and on their way to the
different camps in record time.
Blares, to Barracks.
Immediately upon leaving the rail
road yards, the soldiers were march
ed to Camp Meigs and Potomac Bar
racks where tHe animals were fed!
and picketed, the wagons parked and
(Continued on Page 18, Column 4.)
LOUISVILLE, Ky.. Sept. 11. "It
sure makes a fellow feel like he's
drunk, but it's all right at that," wa
the expressive comment of "Uncle
John" Schell, 131 years of age, be
lieved to be the oldest man in the
world, as he stepped from an airplane
at the State Fair grounds after a
filght yesterday afternoon.
The filght lasted fifteen minutes and
"Uncle John" traveled six miles at a
height of 400 feet. He was delighted
with the experience and expressed
himself aa grateful that he had lived
long enough to enjoy It.
He was helped Into the machine by
the pilot, M. E. Headley. and as the'
airplane skimmed along, gaining
height, Schell smiled and waved his
hand at the crowd, which cheered
MaJ. Gen. Edward P. McLachlln
will be relieved of the command of
the First division September 30, and
will go to Camp Funston. Ky to
command the Seventh division. It was
learned today.
MaJ. Gen. Charles P. Summerall,
who was in command of the First
division from July 15 to October 11
1018, will succeed McLachlln. The
First division will be stationed at
Camp Taylor, Ky.
Maj. Gen. John L. Hines will go to
Camp Dodge as commander of the
Fourth division.
Write tor (The Survival of the Fittest),
SLQ0. 228 Colorado BuUdlag. AdYt.
s' J !!! FiEa MilsTiH'
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BOSTON, Sept 11. tttxa ws
renewed here at 11 e'deofc today
when State- troop atteafttsdF it,
break up throngs of gamblers en
Boston Comtten. Raymesd Bartev
of Cambridge, a sailor, was sbftt mi
killed when he is alleged to hare fed
an attack oa the gmrdwowu
. The- soldier war MfcrehW
than a score ef gamblers alenfrTre
aot street whW ta crowd at
tempted to" reteateK&e priaesers.
Shots ftred Aft air failed to stop
the attacks. . The erawd was iataSy
dispersed bybfiyofiet chargee.
JlxuikMk Wattegtstt AW.
rfbveratr CooIMce disate4 ta
feSowlaa! uferaa. ta tkr SereUrIe
tfice, I wtta y to hM ytee
la readlneca t reader sssistaaee fr&
forces uader year cowmand lst4t
ately oa appeal which I May ie farce
to make to the President.
Rain. waloSL fell intermittently
throughout the sight, failed to keep
the crowds Indoors, and riots is
whloh thousands of raa and soys
dashed, with the military, hurilsff
atones aad. using clubs. Were frequeat.
There were- so indications ef aa
early settlement of the, strike today.
Mayor Peters, In . a statement, do
dared the restoration of order was.
the first object to be obtaiaed, aa
that the strike would be takes ay
when the dty. was under eastroL
Leaders of the striking policemen de
clared the men were as determined asr
ever to hold out for recognition ef
the union.
Two Killed ky Trees.
In South Boston, where the aallitary
fired on men and hoys looting a store
Anthony Carr, twenty-tour, and RoV
ert Sheehan, sixteen, were Instantly
killed, while four girls, -who were
watching the looting and refused te
move away when ordered, to do so
were seriously Injured. One man was)
killed In a street TrawL
A dob of thousands was congested
In Broadway, near C street, w,hen C "
company, Tenth regiment, under CapU
T, C. Hadley. arrived on the scene
Captain Hadley ordered a crowd of
men aad boys who were looting sj
store to disperse.
The crowd laughed, aad hooted, cos
tlnuing the looting. Hadley then or
dered his mea to fire. The . great
crowd, which evidently did aot be
lieve the troops would shoot to kill,
at once became panic-stricken aad
fought to escape. Many were tranv
pled on.
From 0 o'clock last alght until
early today mobs of men, boys, aad
many women .openly attacked the
troops whenever they appeared, hurl
ing atones and paving bricks.
Cavalry Charges Hob.
Aside from the South Bostoa out
break, the most serious fighting oc
curred In Scollay and Adams squares,
where mobs estimated at more than
7,000 were charged again and again
by Infantry with fixed Bayonets and
by cavalrymen with drawn sabers.
Each time the mob fled, only to re
turn to taunt the troops and hurl
stones. At one time the situation
looked so serious a machine gun was
mounted in Scollay square.
Superintendent of Police Crowley
today repeated his warning to all
women to remaaveff the. streets, Vet-,
tJoviatfy t c oeawmt'mUs
"Woraeft ahejiM, ic3tRtSat llMjr
are laKaa they w&M
streets atnlgfit during tie present
With measures looking toward a
settlement of the police strike at a
standstill while order la being re
stored, the Central Labor Union was
scheduled to meet tonight to decide
whether or cot a general strike of all
labor In Boston will be called to sup
port the police. The carmen aad the
telephone workers will be the first
to vote upon the question.
Troops from all over the State be
gan pouring into the city early In the
evening. The first on the streets
were members of the Tenth regiment
of Boston.
The Twentieth regiment, composed
of companies in several cities to the
western part of the State, were rush
ed to Boston en special tralas early
todar. The Springfield contingent ar
rived shortly after 3 a. m.
see as ,? M999 wsmws

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