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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, September 12, 1919, FINAL EDITION, Image 1

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Watch Hiram Johnson.
Why a Gold Sword?
Tactful English Soldier. .
(Coprrlgkt. 1S19.)
Have you observed the reception
piven to Senator Johnson of Cali
fornia? He may be the Repub
lican candidate for President in
1920, and run against Woodrow
"Wilson, with whom he is now com
peting in a "persuade the people
Johnson is one of the few pow
erful men in this country with a
real program and courage. He
puts much in few words. For in
stance: "After nine months of dallying
with European politics and Eu
ropean diplomats, Italy hates us,
France distrasts us, England de
spises us, and Japan bluffs us."
Italy hates us justly. In Paris
(she was treated with mean ingrat-.
rtude, and this nation consented.
France distrusts us. She dpes
not want any one world governing
power, and fears the apparent
control of the United States by
English influence. England de
spises us, of course. Men despise
that which is easily deceived,
manipulated, and made subser
vient. Japan bluffs us. And why
should she not? She has a treaty
with England, knows that Eng
land is to be a real world power
in future, and largely controls our
policies now. A small dog with a
big owner will bark at anything.
, Congress will give Pershing a
goli sword, costing $10,000. As
suming that, in Europe, he did all
the wonderful things, this nation
sight well give General Pershing
left million dollars or more. But
floes not a "ten thousand dollar
gold sword" seem out of date in a
modern republic? That kind of
thing some civilized country would
send to an African potentate, in
return for the right to use his
slaves in gathering rubber or ivory.
A nation talking about economy
and buying ten thousand dollar
gold swords looks foolish. Why a
GOLD sword? Does- the gold add
to the honor?
English soldiers mobbed some
shops, killed and wounded a few in
the Irish town of Fermoy. Colonel
Dobbs, Englishman, commanding,
said to a committee of citizens:
"Why do you complain? The truth
is that the town lives on the mili
tary. If we west away you would
have to Jive by taking in each
other's washing."
Such tactful statements, made
"by representatives of England in
Ireland, explain the friendly feel
Sag that exists betweea. the two
rasentjag English intellect and
justice, sa truly that it k a dis
grace for ''part of the United
S jDngdom te be governed as Ire
land is governed."
To the English officer's state
ment that the people of Fermoy
would have to take in each other's
washing for a living if British sol
diers left, the people of Fermoy
would Teply that if British, sol
diers took with, them the rent-collecting
agents of the Duke of Dev
onshire and. other Englishmen, the
Irish would get along welL
Austria has signed the treaty
and ceases to exist as a great na
tion. Into the limbo of dead na
tions and dead history drifts the
Empire of the Hapsburgs, the
fading out, tail-end of the ancient
great Roman Empire. Vienna,
wonderful city of light, stands
now in a little territory not big
enough to keep it going. The em
pire is cut up as a pie is divided.
What will happen to the pieces?
That is a tiestion that cannot be
answered by the gentlemen that
vent the pie. Nations grow like in
dividuals, and surgical operations
require care, skill, and experience,
in diseased bodies especially. Eu
rope has seen some reckless sur
gery lately. Blood poisoning and
otiier troubles will come later.
Xjom Olerk Takes $58,000 to
Give Friends Parties at
Coney Island.
NEW TORK. Sept 12. "I -wanted
Ho be known among: the boys as "a
ood fellow. That's -why I took the
0eesrities. I love to entertain my
friends and I had no other way of
(getting the money."
This, the police say. was the only
Applanation given by seventeen-year-Ald
Robert Borthwlck. a loan clerk,
in the Bronx branch of the Columbia
EPrust Company, for his theft of $58.
C00 in securities.
Voung Borthwlck was arrested
while on his way to the trust com
pany's offices to make a clean brest
ot the affair.
xne irusi company officials say
Eorthwick took the securities be
tween July 5 and September 6 of this
year He sold the stolen stocks for
55.680 and cot J63.600 for the bonds.
After his arrest, search of his home
brought to light $47,000 in bills con
cealed In odd places About $5,000
remains unaccounted for.
Borthwlck, it is said, told the police
lie spent $6,000 entertaining boy
friends this summer. 1
MINNEAPOLIS. Sept. 12. A smiling,
well-dressed woman sold Mrs. c. A.
Ptcln a "membership In the League of
Nations" for $8J50. Police are looking
for the saleslady.
Fair and cooler to-
Tomorrow fair, cooler.
Teaperatare at 8 a.m.,
62 degrees. Normal tem
perature for September IS
for last thirty 7an,
NUMBER 11.2S5.
Vice President of the A. F. of
& &
Unless the people of Washington
show a determined and reasonably
uniform demand for anti-food-profiteering
legislation, the Senate Dis
trict Committee -will abandon any
attempt to cut down the cost of liv
ing here, beyond framing a rent law.
The food and fuel problem, it now
appears, will be thrown upon the
agents of the Department of Jus
tice. IJpo Many Xamifications.
Control of feodjjrfces or of food
distributteH jresegts so raasxpreb-,
lems that Senator Ball and his asso
ciates are said to have determined
to go no further -with it at the present
time. "Despite the apparently wide
spread public demand that Congress
do something; for the protection of the
consumer, and despite President "Wil
son's desire that the high cost of liv
ing legislation in the District of Co
lumbia be made a model for other
cities, the subcommittee is inclined
to drop tho task f moulding legis
lation at the present time.
The proposal of a food commission
to regulate food prices and the pro
cesses of distribution, will be side
tracked for the time being at least,
as will also the proposal of a fuel
Charge Not SabaraatiateO.
Senators feel that the allegations
of price-fixing and of profiteering
have not been substantiated by the tes
timony brought before them, and that
the success of a commission system of
price-control In "Washington is doubt
ful. Profiteering, they believe. Is a
matter for the criminal law to handle,
and retailers who are not profiteers
should not be interfered with. They
doubt If any constitutional plan of
retail price-control can be devised.
Under these conditions. Washington
will receive no high cost of living re
lief as the result of the Senate inves
tigation except in the matter of rents.
HoweTer, if Washington shows that
It is determined to have some relief,
and if President Wilson gives further
indication that he believes "model"
legislation should be enacted, the
committee may yet be persuaded to go
Taiak Coanmen Not Interested.
But members of the Senate commit
tee point out that Washington con
sumers do not seem to take any inter
est in proposed legislation. They as
sert that the most of the witnesses
who appeared before the committee
hearings were dealers, who were sum
moned by the committee.
"Washington people may be talking
about the high cost of living In their
homos," said a member today, "but
they are not willing to come and tell
us about it. They don't show much
Interest in how much they pay for
their food."
The high cost of shoes is going to
be the next subject of an investiga
tion by the subcommittee.
With the reopening of hearings on
Tuesday morning at 10 o'clock the
subcommittee expects to conclude
next week its investigations.
T. M. Robertson, of the Federal
Trade Commission, will be the first
witness to be heard Tuesday. He will
give his views as to why shoes have
gone up in price out of proportion
to the wholesale cost of cattle and
hides. The Federal Trade Commis
sion recently made an extended re
port on the shoe industr
SAN ANTONIO. Tex., Sept. 12.
American aviators are forbidden to
fly across the international boundary
into Mexico under any circumstances
bv orders issued today from the
headquarters of Maj. Gen. Joseph T.
DIckman. commanding the border
Todav's orders follow conferences
between Mexican officials and army
officers'. The Mexicans claim that
aviators flying ovr-r the border con
stituted a violation of Mexican
Pvbllabed avery evening (Including BuntUri
Entered second-elic nutter at to
poetoffir at Waahtngtea. D. C.
$ & &
United Press Staff Correspondent.
IN IDAHO, Sept. 12. President
Wilson today went to the con
stituents of Senator Borah, lead
ing opponent of the peace treaty,
in an effort to convince them the
pact should be ratified.
He invaded the Panhandle of
Idaho for a speech at Couer
D'Alene with the object of arous
ing Borahs "folks at howe" toj
make their desires known at the!
Heckling Expected.
An effort to heckle the President
in Idaho would sot prove surprising
to some members of his party. On
several occasions there have been loud
shouts from persons in audiences
President Wilson was addressing,
but attendant confusion always was
such that the words could not be
distinguished. The President, it was
noted, usually paused at such inter-
rup'tions as if trying to hear the
question and answer it.
President Wilson and his party
planned to leave the train at Rath
drum and motor fourteen miles to
Cour O'Alene, returning to the train
in time to reach Spokane at 2 p. m.
for an afternoon speech.
During the night President Wilson
passed into the Pacific time rone,
three hours behind New York time.
Much warmer weather was en
countered by the President's party
late yesterday and during the night.
President Wilson resumed his black
suit and silk cap that he wore during
the first hot spell of the trip. Other
members of the party appeared in
palm beaches and panaraa bats, which
(Continued on Page 8, Column 4.)
Maude Moore Confident Her
Story of Killing Will
Acquit Her.
KNOXVILLE. Tenn., Sept.
Maude Moore, who surrendered to the
police twenty hours after shooting
Leroy D. Harth, president of the Im
perial Motor Company, heard eight
State witnesses examined at her pre
liminary hearing for first degree
murder yesterday.
Evidently she believes there can be
but one result when .he tells her
story, how his pistol dropped from his
pocket as he was dragging her from
his car, how she reached the weapon
first and shot him.
J. M. Jett told of Harth coming on
his porch at 10:35 at night, saying
"I'm shot," and of Harth' reply to
questions that Maude Moore did it
and that her motive was robbery.
L. O. Hood, constable, told of. find
ing a quart bottle, half filled with
whiskey, in the car. and a woman's
vanity bag near by.
Other witnesses were employes of
the dead man who testified to many
telephone calls in the samo woman's
voice lat Monday to Harth's office.
Hurricane warnings are flying at
all gulf ports, according to the
Weather Bureau today, because of
the tropical storm, which the bureau
stations report is making Its way to
ward New Orleans, from the north
central part of the gulf.
This is the same hurricane that
caused much damage In Florida.
hirt nd collcr tqulpment by star Laun
dry to Invar you satisfaction. Adrt.
CAPETOWN, Sept 12. The
national assembly of the Union
of South Africa ratified the
peace treaty today by a vote of
84 to 19.
Gen. Jan Smuts, in defend
ing Prjesfdent Wilson against
charges of bad faith in connec
tion with his fourteen points,
declared that Wilson had done
more than any other statesman
toward the restoration of world
OTTAWA, Ontario, Sept 12.
After a session that lasted
well into the night the Canadian
House of Commons ratified the ,
peace treaty early today. The
motion for approval of the pact
and tie covenant of the league
of nations passed without a dis
senting vote.
Article 10 of -the League of Nations,
is the contribution of President Wil
son to the covenant of the league of
nations, William C. Bullitt, of Phila
delphia, a former attache of Ofee Amer
ican peace commission, toda tola the
Foreign Relations Committee of the
Senate. Bullitt told the committee
that while with the peace commission
It had been his duty to gather to
gether all Information concerning the
league of nations.
"The only proposal of the President
which remains in the covenant of the
League of Nations aa It was adopted
is article 10." Bullitt said in reply
to a question from Senator Knox of
Opposition by President Wilson
blocked a proposal to have the legis
lative bodies of the member nations
represented in the assembly of the
league of nations, Bullitt said.
1,300 Oa Staff Necessary.
The 1,300 members of the staff of
the American peace commission were
kept busy In Paris, Bullitt said, "be
cause all of the nations who had com
plaints to make besieged the American
Bullitt submitted to the committee
original drafts of President Wilson's
plan for the league of nations, one of
which was written on the President's
own typewriter, and was '"interesting
because of peculiar spelling."
W. H. Buckler, a half-brother of
Henry White, was sent to Stockholm
iu uhh-i .rim j-m-iiiiiiuii, me xsoisnc-i
vik ambassador to England. Bullitt
declared. Buckler reported back that
the Bolshevlki government was ready
to sign an armtistlce which would pro
vide for the withdrawal of the Amer
ican troops from Archangel.
Urged Yank Withdrawal.
Bullitt said he was sent to Russia
by order of Secretary Lansing to in
vestigate political and economic con
ditions. Bullitt read a memorandum
which he had sent to Colonel House
recommending the withdrawal of the
American troops, declaring that they
no longer served any useful purpose
and that they wcie in danger of a
ST. LOUIS. Sept. 11! - Now squarely
astride President Wilson's trail, and
receiving cheers for bis criticisms on
the League of Nations from the same
localities which heard the Chief
Executive's arguments. Senator John
son of California was today develop
ing a very definite line of attack on
tho President's demand for unquali
fied acceptance of the peace treaty.
Insisting t.ie treaty was drawn
purely on the linos of secret engage
ments eptered into among tho big1
powers before America entered the
war, ho pointed out that Article X
of the covenant means that the
United States guarantees this secret
bartering of peoples and territories
for afl time.
L. Blames Boston
$ 4 $ 4 4
Insane soldiers and sailors are
beaten, choked, and -starved at St
Elizabeth's Hospital, according to
testimony given thip morning by
Miss Katherine Douglas, a Wash
ington trained nurse, to a House
subcommittee investigating condi
tions in camps and cantonments.
"Conditions are outrageous," Miss
Douglas said, both as to food and as
to treatment accorded overseas men
assigned there for expert care. 4
Has PaU'Many Visit,.
-For jsomc months pastMIas 'figug-
'1a has beASvpmlttM TW
the dTaiers'ahd'-aallers, carrirthem
food and take thera, on automobile
Tides in and near tfte. city. She has
five automobiles at'ner command.
Miss Douglas "was greatly con
cerned over the "distressing condi
tion of the food."
She cited the case of a Michigan
.ai.ia. .. k .V. ...,1,1 ...
soldier to whom she paid frequent
"The boy was crying one day when
I visited him,"' she testified. "He told
of how he had been beaten and
choked by the attendants, and I made
an examination."
There were bruises on the soldier.
Miss Douglas said, and behind his
ears and on his neck were knots,
which he claimed were caused from
his being choked by an attendant. One
soldier, she said, told how an at
tendant had stood on the boy's chest
and beaten him.
Appealed to Authorities. .
In May of this year. Miss Douglas
said, conditions reached a stage that
caused her to appeal to the War and
Navy Departments. She was assured,
she said, that arrangements were be
ing made to move the Groldlcrs to
other quarters that would be oper
ated by the War Department.
In wards where soldiers and sailors
of a lower mental type were placed,
the food was worse than in others,
she said. In these wards the men
were unable to know whether their
food was good or not.
"These boys were not able to judge
their food," she detailed." But I of
ten got some of It from their waiters.
iCostinued on Page 2, Column 3.)
New Prelate for Palestine
First Step Toward Goal,
French Clerics Believe.
PARIS. Sept. V2. Significance is at
tached hore to reports which have
reached diplomatic circles of the im
minent departure from Italy of Car
dinal Guistlni. the newly created en
voy extraordinary of the Vatican to
Jerusalem, says a copyright dispatch
to the New York Sun.
The new Papal emissary to the
Holy Land appears to be going to
his post with the support of the high
est official diplomatic authorities In
Italy He will make the voyage to
Palestine on an Italian warship lent
by tho Government for that purpose,
and will he accompanied by high of
ficials representing the Kins'.
To many observers in Paris this Is
another link In the chain of evidence
pointing to a project of vast propor
tions emanating from the Vatican
and tending toward the restoration ot
Catholicism in Asia Minor and North
ern Africa, from which it has disap
peared with the centuries of Moslem
So far there has been no indica
tion of the effect of this plan in
French governmental or clerical cir
cles nor any hint that these reports
have any foundation. It Is said, how
ever, that the Influence of tne French
Catholics, however considerable this
may be, could never overcome the
French official objections to religious
interference with the Moslem popula
tions of North Africa, of which France I
is the protector.
DUE AT 3:30
General Pershing, escorted by two
troops of cavalry from Fort Myer,
a squad of mounted police, officials
of the army and a delegation of
Washington citizens, will pass up
Pennsylvania avenue this afternoon
at 4 o'clock on his way to the "Shore
bam Hotel. The general's special
train, previously announced to arrive
in Washington at that hour, will
reach the city at 3:30 o'clock.
Plan Reyal Jteceptiea.
- WfeshingtdB, 1 ready to greet the
commander-rn-chi4f -attf lua -.greaV re?
certiett wjSwfcireacfWnhfirefty this
lafternoQ&n&Mbl , . .V
Vice Tfesldent "Marshall, the Secre
tary of War, the District Commission
ers, leading a representative obdy of
citizens, and a score of War Depart
ment officials, will meet him as he
steps from the train.
Massed -In the concourse of the
Union Station will be half a hundred
women and little children from the
I ar L'eparimem ana tne piaygrounas
o Washington costumed in dresses of
Iii.il mhlt. A VI. .a , AMovnl
War Department and the playgrounds
w, ...tut. aiiu uiuc ao tuc ...
Stena from in train fhf mllltarv van
stationed near the gateway will break i
into the national anthem, and a flower-strewn
aisle through the crowds
will be formed, through which Gen
eral Pershing will walk to tho Presi
dent's reception-room.
To Head President's Greetlrg.
Vice President Marshall will read
a message of greeting from President
Wilson. The District Commissioners. '
led by Comissioner Brownlow, will j
welcome him to the city. Following a
short speech of acceptance adressed I
to the Vice President, General Persh-
incr will leave the Union Station
Preceded by two troops of cavalry.
marching with drawn sabers at a '
trot In a rnliirnn nf nl.itnnna the oren- I
eral will start the procession to the
Shoreham Hotel. His car will be fol
lowed by more than a score of auto
mobiles In which will ride members
of his staff. War Department officials,
and the city's reception committee,
Route of Parade.
The parade will take the following
route: Past the postofflce to North
Capitol street, south along North Cap
itol street, west along B street, and
south along First street to Ponnsyl-
(Contlnued on Pago 2, Column 1.)
Yanks Huddle Under Trees
in Rain Without Word
of Complaint.
A warm sun and a cool river wind
broke upon hundreds of First Divis
ion soldiers sleeping in the open In
Potomac Park this morning.
The majority of them were nestled
in puddles of water and mud. under
trees and scanty shelter of every
fiort. They were clothed in the uni
forms which had been soaked by the
downpour of rain which deluged the
city yesterday evening.
They had had no food at camp
since they arrived in Washington,
but mess sergeants soon had pots of
bacon and potatoes boiling.
The men had waited at the camp
all yesterday afternoon, to be as
signed to barracks, as the East Po
tomac Park camp were fllled with
their buddies and men of the regular
When the clouds began to covor
the sky, and rain fell, no quarters
had been assigned to them. Later
they were ordered to Camp Meigs,
with a few men to stay behind nd
watch out for the animals.
No means of transportation wcie
provided, and a few of the men
started to hike. Some others stayed
downtown, buying their dinner In
restaurants and getting looms in tne
hotels. A very small percentage of
Vij mAti rnnhd the Mftics cimn. (nr
others remained In Potomac Park In
preference to starting on the way.
Police for Striking
NEW YORK, Sept. 12. The
attitude of the authorities on
the Boston police strike is en
couraging Bolshevism and lead
ing to anarchy, in the opinion of
Samuel Gompers, president of
the American Federation of La
bor, who voiced his sentiments
here today in a statement on the
"The situation in Boston,"
said Gompers, "is leading to an
archy. The authorities should
withdraw their order (the order
against the police affiliating
with the American Federation of
Labor), and the men should re
turn to work and let .there be
a status quo. Now they are get
ting nowhere.
"The present attitude of the
authorities is only encouraging
BOSTON, Sept 12-It was
said today that under the laws
of the State, Governor Coolidge
has the power to call upon the
striking policemen to return to
their posts, and in event that
they do not, to fine or imprison
them. The law upon this point
provides a fine of $1,000 or im
prisonment for not more than
three months.
BOSTON. Sept, 12. Boston was
orderly today the third since the
police strike besan. The 7,000
troops patrolling the streets of the
city apparently had the situation in
There was no rioting during the
night. In Jamaica Plains, Henry
Grote, eighteen, was shot and killed
by soldiers In a raid on a dice game.
General Strike Uncertain.
Whether or not a general strike of
all labor here will be called In sym
pathy with the striking police was
still uncertain early today. Delegates
representing all trades unions voted
on the general strike question at a
meeting of the Central Labor Union
last night, but the result of the vote
was not made public.
Leaden of the Central Labor Union
mado it known, however, that before
action on a general strike is Anally
taken, they wish to be absolutely cer
tain that such a move is desired by
the thousands of workers of the city.
In the meantime the moral support
of organized labor here was assured
the policemen.
The matter of calling a general
strike, if such wai voted, today re
mained in the hands of the executive
committee of the Central Labor Union
which would have the power to set
the date for a general walkout.
Order Final Strike Vote.
In the meantime all unions affiliated
with the Central Union who have not
taken a final vote on the general
strike question have been ordered to
(Continued on Tage IS. Column 1 )
LONDON, Sept. 12. Eighty mjllions
of dollars worth of hacon on the
docks at Liverpool Is in danger of be
ing spoiled because of the delay ot
tho government In handling it. ac
cording to a dispatch from Liverpool
how nnt ceod dletrttoa m&kta ?
(Ml Advt.
NEW YORK, Sept. 12. Orjra
ized labor must fisd means ef Wfev
dressing wrongs other than y"
strikes of State, city, or aatiemal
employes, according to Matthew
Wollr vice president of tie AaKSi
can Federation of Labor.
Speaking at a meeting ef the Na
tional Civic Federatiea, Well as
serted the labor federation, graated
darters towutems of jDelkeoem sad
fireaaa witlt tbe jpwji' mlmulintt
thai ttev wet&SK tt49feiks,
.- ther-Meaaf Kedreesr' -
Kaierrintr to th "Rajitaa. wnHw
! strikes Well said: "A m&tae ef re
jdres Is open to the strikers whlek
would obviate the necessity ef a
"The American Federation ef La
bor." said Woil, "discourage all Gov
ernment employes from strfking. It
urges aa a guidance to al! public em
ployes tnat they shoald sot strike.
Officials of the American Federa
tion of Labor here today backed the
statement of Matthew Toll, made ia
New York, that the federation dis
courages employes, of the Goveraseat
from striking.
Officials here, however, made plala
that they did not believe this princi
pal applted to the Boston police
"Every man has the right to or
ganise and Insist upon collective bar
gaining." said John Scott, ot the rail
way department of the . federaties.
"This right was denied, tt appoars, te
Boston polclemen."
The strike ot Boston policemen "Is
the most dastardly ct since te time
if Benedict Arnold," Senator Myers ef
Montana declared today in the Senate
"It has created an era of rewdylsa.
an orgy of crime. hoodUnnlsia. and
lawlessness that is a blot on tho fair
name of this country." Myers ald.
He called attention to efforts now
going on to extend the unionization
here of Government employes, and
predicted that if It succeeds, Washing
ton will sec a repltitlon ot Bostoa's
Large Sums Will Be Paid
Out in Benefits, Union
Leader Says.
Eleven and one-half million. dollars
per week wll be the cost of the nation-wide
strike of employes of the
United States Steel Corporation and
subsidiary companies, called to begia
Soptcmber 22. it was esttaated here
Union leaders say their weekly pest
while the strike continues will be
more than $2,000,000. according to,
Vice President Johnson, ot the Bridge
and Structural Iron Workers" Unioa.
who attended meetings at tho A. 7.
of L., at which the strike was plan
ned and ordered.
"Most ot this money will he speat
by the tweHty-four unions involved
in payment of strike benefits," said
Johnson "Each union will be re
quired to handle, all benefits for Its
own members.
1At Well on IB Ceata a Bey.
Write tor Thn Surlvl of the FKteat, )L
326 Colorado Bid;. 'WatBinrtoa. X. C.

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