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EDITORIAL PAGE OF THE WASHINGTON TIMES WASHINGTON OCTOBER 1, 1919 ht9&XHWbm I Vans $10 an Hour t Is It Cheaper to More Than Pay Rent? By T. E. POWJ THE NATIONAL DAILY . V. & Pataat OttM. ARTHUR BRISBANE, Xdftor and Owir. XDOAR 7. SHAW, Fuoliaher. aeon claas matter at the Foatofftea at Wasalnrtoa. D. Xntorat aw jnat If - wbliasd Bvatjr Uvcalng (tacludlajr Sunday a) by The Washington Times Company, Munsey Bldr., Pennsylvania Ave. 3att 5ttbacrtaaHi: 1 yaar (Inc. gynaaya). $7.SS; Month. Sl.f; 1 Maata, Sfc WBDHBSDAY. OCTOBKR 1. 191. By IABL GODWIN. A little boy was feeing taken thrtmarh the irreat wt riWiM at? -flftA navMaMar A Uit it mJ TX.?.. l l .aw? I Ninety-Five Million Stamps a Day eBBn snvSBsna 'wee sosftnwawSF w bsou SMonsns"na FZ JT wil co sr Yea X q-reat &jns Edfefil (yes ue nTH DOLLAKS AN 1 f TTAKES ME Ilaraa ' 7&& Oft 5 V. HouH.'Tb MovFfou) I four Hours on J N iODW'wSa Ji oems. j Do You Want Your Friends to "Put On Mourning" for You? I If Ifon Don't, Tdl Them So WhUe You Are Alive. . , Is the custom of wearing raourning for the dead a wise and desirable fashion? - Should we feel it neoeetarj to publish or advertise our grief for tome one whose fortune it 1ms been to preoede us on the journey we shall all take sooner or later? During the war there was in European countries a gen eral movement to dispense with mourning clothes because of the depressing effect it was thought to hare on those who might later be called upon to set-re in arms. ' - A discussion of this question a curious one for notion is made one of the incidents of a striking story by Dana Burnett in Hie October number of Good-Housekeeping. The heroine absolutely refuses to put on the conventional garb nf mourning after the death of her father. What happened as a result of her determination is very interesting. ,.. Originally the wearing of mourning costume was not fur 0 purpose of expressing grief, but to give notice that the person so dressed had been denied by contact with the dead. KorislDlack the wdversaloolor for mourning garb. In Anna the relatives wear clothes entirely of white. On the Void Ooast of Africa the mourning color is brilliant red. Among the Aruntas of Australia, the mourners smear them selves with white day during the ceremonial period. . . The history of death and the ceremonies accompanying it forms almost a literature by itself, including strange and fantastic customs, some beautiful and some not pleasant, Ifr the "towers of silence," where the bodies are left to the vultures; or the Hindu practice which, before its abolition under Sngiish rule, required the widow to submit to death by burning on the husband's pyre. i When and why a particular garb was chosen to indicate grief has never been determined. Why should it be necessary for a person to announce sorrow by a visible badge? Is it not really a desecration of ieutiment to make of it a public proclamation? ' Tor the poor it is not infrequently a real hardship to be obliged to buy the clothing that indicates their sorrow. Would it not be wiser and better that the fashion of wearing mourning clothes be entirely done away with? The world is coming to look upon death from a new viewpoint. Scores of books are being printed and hundreds of articles are being written hymen and women of standing and sense that indicate a changing idea of the hereafter and the door through which we enter it. A century from now we may envy rather than mourn the one who goes in our advance into the great beyond. It is almost certain that before that time we shall have ceased to make a public display of sorrow by a special sort of dress. L Ought Ministers to Have to Live on Charity? You read in the news columns that a few of the Rocke feller millions are-to be devoted to the care of indigent Bap fist ministers. : ; You wonder why men who are preaching Christianity feere to depend on charity. In Hew Jersey one minister reported to his conference ihat-all he got for expounding the Gospel for twelve months was two hundred dollars. That would be about a dollar apiece for the regular services he conducted and nothing extra for funerals. It is stated, with a basis of authority, that the average ministerial income throughout the country is little above $600. How the preacher's dollar is no larger than any other dollar. The fact that he earned it in a. calling followed in answer to divine command has no superhuman effect on the nfffchasing power of his salary. . Hot is the minister in a.position to mark up the price of his services. There are too many people who insist on the free feature of salvation. There seems to be but one conclusion; that the average man has oeased to be interested in religion sufficiently to pay anything to hear it expounded or discussed. Who is to blame for this condition? Is it the man himself or is it the church? ft is a notable fact that oomparatively few men go to afcnre. They indorse the nfrtonrtsim of the fessinine nor- Ham nf the faustry and think it a good idea for the children, M as lor mesas am i my nave "issnertant sustain" H ths print mwmmn oonnnnoa, what k to hmmi of uni bbbbiobbbi send, tan MPaaeSMMT? njNn tmn world ansones oonsntssJfar hoa4otM. aaad! asbamt Min kgMgm wnsn tnat ananas; ahnnt? Tnt antfteutto snnnoft nf unenanv from flat annum f2 Mmr anm not hit tf Hot eBssMta a? tan ennvnj Is a sMonMi Mssnlftnn. and nt flu TXSa 'ISSSiwSl -fc"lt 'C: sr sJTm -- jrm rv ,n jft? gc , mmm j o -T jsiSTHjC Av-fvQ VannirA &s T 1 y i yv n rrK- ??1 TnnnmnnlOX lMTLX J y ' w. JPV WJPW 1W7 ? Z- J ( a'' - l"m1"1 , V u s n .v x-mmmm c "nnV: T-Jsa " J VKKsSkaBSrStiilMtWSmSSSBt. & i - snnnjiisTEaBnnnnjnaninnnnnn eU 1VVC ON Ttf r' -- yf II . S5X ;:snnnl J ' I r 1 (nnnnnnnn1 7 I KfJ :. ?! irsnl '-'- l JWir r V m fd s rcSi JtJ; J MS Zr 6y&7 c lb dXJ , ffXW i XVflK I'C v (4! T .A-- ..-.. : i' u i srx v .- -i i Lt y ci j -- f. mt i i a am i ... " vA JiQ wnr?rt a . X - K .t m . ,: f : '- rn riV HirprCX .. JSiWf -c '&. cj, ( re tnt ,-... . ... v r ; o-igr oitai tits . -sjwp- ( STEP OVER (VHO WLL Cri HEW FLAT? ) flQAH ' i v- v.y V Housed yCIDi -A. . MonViT . HQJOVi tMrmri I iuvVi- i.l Aiil s srz: f -5 zJlz jk. c- ' -4 v v' " li' Vv v4( 'aaJsaam kV fr MWl I c - - Y l "' yvny s Us f -.-. - - . THE HASEIN LETTER THE RISE OF CIDER By FREDERIC J. HASKIN THE cider market is being: balled A few years ago you could buy all the cider you wanted for about five dollars & barrel. Now you are lucky if you can bay a barrel ef food cider for twenty dollars, and in many sections you are lucky If you can buy good cider at all. This sudden increased demand for cider may, or may not, be con nected with the fact that the Senate has excluded non-intoxicating cider and wine from the long list of beverages banned, and that the conference committee on pro hibition measures show a tendency to concur in this leniency. Of course, the conference committee may change its mind, but if pres ent indications hold good you may make cider and own cider with out breaking the law. It seems probable that cider may rise to the dignity of a na tional beverage. Cider has for many years been made in almost every community in the United States. Most Americans are ac quainted with cider as a soft or semi-soft 'drink which is both wholesome and good to the palate, and a few of them are aware that cider which has attained a mature age under favorable conditions is not so soft. In fact, the drinking of hard cider is in some country communities a well recognized and popular vice A Difficalt Art But cider is wholesome, and it never develops a very high percent age of alcohol. Furthermore, the making of hard cider is a difficult art which not many amateurs will master. If not hardened in just exactly the right way, the cider will turn into vinegar and align itself with the waite-rihboaers by bttiiK the Urn ef the would be siwair. Meet ef will prefe aWy ever knew cWer eaeeet Mc seriewy rreM sac ery mIMty lfcHr mmmJ --J jam mt m snji n Vfnoj T VpFv JpfJT H vnssnj vsssnjni If tiMM la mar ., . . , ,. , . . wiiaoax Bcaaaansisg us riznceoue, that cup may well contain" cider. The new interest in dder has had the effect of turning atten tion upon the few cider mills and cider bars which are scattered about the country. These estab lishments have heretofore existed overshadowed by their more pow erful rivals. They are almost sure, now, to increase in number and in importance. Mill en the Avenue. A typical cider mill is an es tablishment on Pennsylvania avenue. Tlie owner has been making fider and cider vinegar, and nothing else, at this same stand for thirty-five years, and yet many Washingtonians have discovered the place but re cently. The back part of the es tablishment is a factory where fifty barrels of cider per day are turned out by steam power presses. The front part is a bar of the old-fashioned kind, with a foot rest and a grateful fra grance. Nothing but cider passes over this bar. The owner, a kindly old gen tleman, is what pedple describe as a character. He knows cider from the tree to the stomach in all its varieties and ages. On his country place he raises apples ,80 that he may experiment with different varieties in the making of cider. He will tell you, for example, about the Hughes Vir ginia crabapple, a little known brand, which is the most wonder ful cider apple in the world. Cider, ra&cfo nrnnerlv frnm Itiia little red apple with the black I IN ttee wmW mi mm wMk wtts sOS M K spots, has a peculiarly delkate flavor, and has the further peculiarity that it will develop 10 per cent of alcohol without a trace of acid. Of course, it need sot be developed to that extent. This crabapple cider also produces- an exceptionally fine "bead," as the farmers say a content' of carbon dioxide, which makes it tickle the tongue just like soda water. SuHHer Apples 'e Geed. To make good cider the right varities of apples must be used. Summer apples are no good. A fine winter apple is necessary, such as the Ben Davis or the Winesap. Of course, culls are used almost exclusively, but they must be culls of the better sort Many rotten or wormy apples will spoil the cider. In the second place, the press ing must be done in cold weather. In fa'ct, cold is the secret of good cider. From the day it is pressed out of the apples until it finds lodgment within the human sys tem, cider must never be warm. The layman generally associates warmth with fermentation, but cider ferments at any tempera ture above freezing, and at any temperature' above 45 degrees Fehrenheit it will turn to vinegar. The juice must therefore be pressed out on a cold day and must be put immediately in a cold place. A cold cellar is good in winter in cold climates. Other wise it must be put in an ice box or in some other form of artificial cold storage. The cask is also important. A fifty-gallon whiskey barrel is best What s Doing; W here; When TMtar. W4Hr -I nmNm imtkCHr riwfc. rTfm Mkr. IIM p. m. All rltftt imtwf- Br Pttfcft Mmm. aajH u Tr Mm M Mrltr. PvM rr irtw Nail. kMMl art mm aarttewwrt. a m 'OfO! voBppBtseei man m am tu P at Baa4 BBBBB PHfBnWHng P) Bf. Vl. ftafiM -Tw lnrf U4l !. t TawriM fcnr mLmI r " "fly y " ' i swessnjn'enva m neesn) PMnnssoST'vf,s n)SM, p NXtt ""-- " ,M ,-Hrt,,l PwaBaw IMt iaaaaHjiMjr AayiaiMa s)0bW4 inoasssSvO) rvOjensO't a !. rt tm i a rairi na4 mI aw v. t haiii i 4aaaar kaBja t ata rMl mmtmmti iTl was " ' A wine barrel with staves a eeuple ef inches thick, that wSl keep out air is also' good. A vise gar barrel must never be meed, nor will a cheap barrel with this, porous sides serve the purpose. There must be a small opening at the top of the barel, covered with game er screen, so that the sur plus carbon dioxide can escape, but the cask must be absolutely air tight everywhere else. If thus treated, the cider de velops in four to six weeks a very slight percentage of alcohol and a fine bead. As a soft drink it will then be at its beet, and very delicious. After three or four months it will probably contain 4 or 5 per cent of alcohol, and will still be a very acceptable drink. Some ordinary cider wiB never develop more than 5 per cent of alcohol. Keep It Air Tight At either of the stages men tiened the cider may be bottled, like wine, and so kept in aa air tight condition and in a cool place for a long time. It is evident that the amateur does not stand much chance of carrying out this process with real success. Generally, the best he can do is to buy fresh cider from a farmer and drink it be fore the acetic acid begins to form. Even if he has cold storage facilities most of the cider that he might buy from farmers would not serve the purpose of shortage because it would probably not have been pressed under the right con ditions or kept uader the right conditions until it came into his hands. If you wish to hare good cider this winter yew host plan would be to buy a Barrel ef cider from vSjenjnj sxnresTrv snnnnnr nnnennspi evoa WnMAVfy InVMeMT B MM MWst 4BLA jBBBkBS BBBBUI aBAalaft IBS SaelBBnSnBBf Baa ffj fpnwsa vjeej ifnftwuvoj ww""" ea fMIIVnwTt ft In MIC H M A nWVBSBB, VTplOWnBBjV BBS, fTVWV BPBB SrBBSa BOW! two or three howavof interesting experience, he turned In his mother and anana: "Do these pM at the inaemins have to PAY to work heret" That was the impreesion the child received, and it would not be sowpi4sing if a targe part of the impression escne from the ftet that scarcely anyone ever viaite the big engraving riant without carrying away the idea that the men and women at work on the bur job of sopDSVinr a hundred millioa peopk'with stamps, money, and bonds mo HAJPFX. I remember whom I nrst went into the factory district of Coaaecticut twenty yeara ago. My feeling was one of oppression. It wasn't the noise of machinery; it wasnt the smoke or the brick, factory walla; it was because the faeee of the workers were drawn tight, the smiles had gone, and on the lips was a down-grade expression, exactly the oppo site of 'that on the faces of the men and women the little boy saw at the Bureau of Snspravmg and Printing. There Are todfiy 6,700 employes in "the Bureau," the experts there being the topnotchers in their class. They do the bincest job of its kind on earth. Mo other zrann of printers and engravers turn out such good work or so ntneh work. No other group of emphries in their das are held to so high a standard in both onantity and quality, and yet I'll defy any human being on earth the more cynical the better to go through that plant anil find a happier looking working eofninumtty. There is something inexpressibly glorious in being happy on the job. The smiling wisdbnam is going to be the solvation of ATnerins, and apprentice at hanpineat eouW well take a course under Janaes "Wihneth, director of the Burean. t In the navy there is an ma&tatiosL known as a ( happy ship." From stem tto stem, eook, eahin hoy, hhwjaniet nudshipman, and captain are all working toaether in a big team, Ole ship goes faster. It is nloaner. It fakts bdbr and shoots strngMw, ami THAT'S i mm excuse for leWf MAT " . --- . ., No one evef saw a hapfry The man who works Is nippiest, and ins happy because he works and carries his liaananins into work is better off than any king: The Bureau of Engraving and Piintiag million two hundred and nftr thonssnd nossn of all veaterdav: also ninetv-nve milHon staame of all tkns. In addition,-it turned out boles of United bonds and a lot of little odd jobs the would tafcn i a month to accompHsh. It witt do tne ssnss tomorrow and the next day, and it did tnt more of it, all during the war. In all the war period, with everything nt pressure, it didnt lose enonsda to worry a sheet of stamps being unaosountnd for in all the stamp product for two i minute details of the Bureau's job would be tome entire oommunitie a soeisrtstin hsadaei be a large pain shared equally by alL But that old happy smile pervades the rooms; of plate printers and sheet coun ters alike. Washington should be proud of that big plant and it IS. It IS pronoer, nowever, OS. MM Bpsxifc wc auw. nasnwy ihow. Theyfitforwhsiiheybelie(voisiit,andth show considerable force and initiative. If the director ever tried "to put something over," he would know by 1K90 that morning he had one.of the fights of his If e on his hands. However, the fights are not tne rsie. Tne smiles are. HEARD AND SEEN BILLY MUNDAY, oar weS- Vw tire talssnua, tells ate a went into a Ninth Street tea pteee and paid twenty cents ; sMcesbrsad. Ifd hale te tell Bfil hew aca I paid far a toe. I HATE A FRIEND. "I notice the Comeback k say ing spiteful things abont yer military career. Anyhow, Jar. Heard and Seen, when you reram ori to the newspaper bsiness ye took off year uniform and went to WORK, which woaw Be a nov eUv to the Comeback eKee." y WALTER REED PATIENT. eanploye nho is snoaos ssasnioiBs umhoardof ftstv one) nfinttng for fho enough, to grtw . wlnem would HICK SIGH. sen.- ' La um that sin board near Mt Rainier Jfmif "NO Vniu&X)3 jmijjTitu lUMht kL aa boon lar. Then iH jPnws ii rAULIN DULIN takes with th man m this eoiumn who fottnd fanlt with the dealers who blamed the gen. pah. for high prices. Carl says he hfaght efceea for Si a pair and a salt dotaea for SOS two wooka aga. The aaaac day he saw a yeHNf man of his wa sa (IS) who had paid SIS for shoes and says all aw mens aac payiac SS a Sft for aoamos. -rWTway w tab aaeat af Mil .taifhr atee it . Wsfh. kbaa aaaaa wew BJB BBBfBBS OS aM-a a aw aaaas " " faatBBHt oa a Unit i- iM aaJ Ife bbjb "Viajoaary Caa am M. a N. BaoaHoa UJDT nil ill as tor TW Him " h -s a--i.- - aiiL-rra?rx- attrats xzzs.z i n.... " "m iaa KWa faaaa aBam aaaOaaw VaSl Saaty-tvo sanii . ViWMNaa assaoaBji ptaay veaa. .. IoosbiN wSi TajjrJr mf annnajt IP? H ssnnjBBW pn ayVnw Wnnal anwnsntnsnnnBBnYf 1 annnsj faMsnujsftsjsnlsnji iarlr known as the gredJeat ia a Dakar's doaoa? The Portland snJphnr aaaatk, the Idad the asod to grow oa a eard and which were ripped off aa nudod aad perfttmed the air for soversi atttos around? Tea, Twear', Thirf . Aneatthis date staff, old aaar. If you are around here eleven years, twenty days, one hoar, one minute aad three seconds from right now, aad you glance at the calendar you can write lt-aS-M. Now hash. Tom and Jerry noauaates C. H. MASON as the handaomsst automo bile ARTHUR H. DADM UK , Field Di rector of the War Sewings organisa tion, told me a W. S. S. story that is worth repeating; KA novel practice of thrift aad method of nrrBmnlatlna; War Sov iet Stamps is aoiac iaUvwod by a yoaaa: woman CiiiBmaat employe liviaa: ia the northwest bbWbs who drives to and from watk la her jit ney. Throe wefl-aaowa TiaJiimU of ClavoJaad Park oa tiiiiiI ojuaisi wet awaitm a sivaot oar and wore ararisod ami eailahaad U be of fatod a rMe to town by the of into the oar seat. Shi aw with 4 Illllllll tBOV Oottaao; aaasty ir even i mesas. aanatj ma rt n was' lrJimLtv&j''tzzi.' 2bH :'2 iim net hot ear ktaaA. iaM as aB Obi aw w amvwMM BP av wap ayQ ft iaaBMHB Ba. 1 BjNMal afJliaBrtBg ua a "" -- 1 - a I m. M -W. a. a rs- -am, - . - - - - - :.aV7m ' jn.vJW9JViMsvttis.n?