OCTOBER 1, 1919
ht9&XHWbm I Vans $10 an Hour
Is It Cheaper to
More Than Pay Rent?
By T. E. POWJ
THE NATIONAL DAILY
. V. & Pataat OttM.
ARTHUR BRISBANE, Xdftor and Owir.
XDOAR 7. SHAW, Fuoliaher.
aeon claas matter at the Foatofftea at Wasalnrtoa. D.
- wbliasd Bvatjr Uvcalng (tacludlajr Sunday a) by
The Washington Times Company, Munsey Bldr., Pennsylvania Ave.
3att 5ttbacrtaaHi: 1 yaar (Inc. gynaaya). $7.SS; Month. Sl.f; 1 Maata, Sfc
WBDHBSDAY. OCTOBKR 1. 191.
By IABL GODWIN.
A little boy was feeing taken thrtmarh the irreat wt
riWiM at? -flftA navMaMar A Uit it mJ TX.?.. l l .aw?
I Ninety-Five Million Stamps
eBBn snvSBsna 'wee sosftnwawSF w bsou SMonsns"na
FZ JT wil co sr Yea X q-reat &jns Edfefil (yes ue
nTH DOLLAKS AN 1 f TTAKES ME Ilaraa ' 7&& Oft 5
V. HouH.'Tb MovFfou) I four Hours on J N iODW'wSa Ji oems. j
Do You Want Your Friends to
"Put On Mourning" for You?
I If Ifon Don't, Tdl Them So WhUe You Are Alive. .
, Is the custom of wearing raourning for the dead a wise
and desirable fashion?
- Should we feel it neoeetarj to publish or advertise our
grief for tome one whose fortune it 1ms been to preoede us
on the journey we shall all take sooner or later?
During the war there was in European countries a gen
eral movement to dispense with mourning clothes because
of the depressing effect it was thought to hare on those who
might later be called upon to set-re in arms.
' - A discussion of this question a curious one for notion
is made one of the incidents of a striking story by Dana
Burnett in Hie October number of Good-Housekeeping. The
heroine absolutely refuses to put on the conventional garb
nf mourning after the death of her father. What happened
as a result of her determination is very interesting.
,.. Originally the wearing of mourning costume was not fur
0 purpose of expressing grief, but to give notice that the
person so dressed had been denied by contact with the dead.
KorislDlack the wdversaloolor for mourning garb. In
Anna the relatives wear clothes entirely of white. On the
Void Ooast of Africa the mourning color is brilliant red.
Among the Aruntas of Australia, the mourners smear them
selves with white day during the ceremonial period.
. . The history of death and the ceremonies accompanying
it forms almost a literature by itself, including strange and
fantastic customs, some beautiful and some not pleasant,
Ifr the "towers of silence," where the bodies are left to the
vultures; or the Hindu practice which, before its abolition
under Sngiish rule, required the widow to submit to death
by burning on the husband's pyre. i
When and why a particular garb was chosen to indicate
grief has never been determined.
Why should it be necessary for a person to announce
sorrow by a visible badge? Is it not really a desecration of
ieutiment to make of it a public proclamation?
' Tor the poor it is not infrequently a real hardship to be
obliged to buy the clothing that indicates their sorrow.
Would it not be wiser and better that the fashion of
wearing mourning clothes be entirely done away with?
The world is coming to look upon death from a new
viewpoint. Scores of books are being printed and hundreds
of articles are being written hymen and women of standing
and sense that indicate a changing idea of the hereafter and
the door through which we enter it.
A century from now we may envy rather than mourn
the one who goes in our advance into the great beyond.
It is almost certain that before that time we shall have
ceased to make a public display of sorrow by a special sort
Ought Ministers to Have to
Live on Charity?
You read in the news columns that a few of the Rocke
feller millions are-to be devoted to the care of indigent Bap
: ; You wonder why men who are preaching Christianity
feere to depend on charity.
In Hew Jersey one minister reported to his conference
ihat-all he got for expounding the Gospel for twelve months
was two hundred dollars.
That would be about a dollar apiece for the regular
services he conducted and nothing extra for funerals.
It is stated, with a basis of authority, that the average
ministerial income throughout the country is little above
How the preacher's dollar is no larger than any other
The fact that he earned it in a. calling followed in
answer to divine command has no superhuman effect on the
nfffchasing power of his salary.
. Hot is the minister in a.position to mark up the price
of his services. There are too many people who insist on
the free feature of salvation.
There seems to be but one conclusion; that the average
man has oeased to be interested in religion sufficiently to pay
anything to hear it expounded or discussed.
Who is to blame for this condition?
Is it the man himself or is it the church?
ft is a notable fact that oomparatively few men go to
afcnre. They indorse the nfrtonrtsim of the fessinine nor-
Ham nf the faustry and think it a good idea for the children,
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THE HASEIN LETTER
THE RISE OF CIDER
By FREDERIC J. HASKIN
THE cider market is being:
A few years ago you
could buy all the cider you wanted
for about five dollars & barrel.
Now you are lucky if you can bay
a barrel ef food cider for twenty
dollars, and in many sections you
are lucky If you can buy good
cider at all.
This sudden increased demand
for cider may, or may not, be con
nected with the fact that the
Senate has excluded non-intoxicating
cider and wine from the long
list of beverages banned, and that
the conference committee on pro
hibition measures show a tendency
to concur in this leniency. Of
course, the conference committee
may change its mind, but if pres
ent indications hold good you may
make cider and own cider with
out breaking the law.
It seems probable that cider
may rise to the dignity of a na
tional beverage. Cider has for
many years been made in almost
every community in the United
States. Most Americans are ac
quainted with cider as a soft or
semi-soft 'drink which is both
wholesome and good to the palate,
and a few of them are aware that
cider which has attained a mature
age under favorable conditions is
not so soft. In fact, the drinking
of hard cider is in some country
communities a well recognized and
A Difficalt Art
But cider is wholesome, and it
never develops a very high percent
age of alcohol. Furthermore, the
making of hard cider is a difficult
art which not many amateurs will
master. If not hardened in just
exactly the right way, the cider
will turn into vinegar and align
itself with the waite-rihboaers
by bttiiK the Urn ef the would
be siwair. Meet ef will prefe
aWy ever knew cWer eaeeet
Mc seriewy rreM sac ery mIMty
lfcHr mmmJ --J jam mt m
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If tiMM la mar
., . . , ,. , . .
wiiaoax Bcaaaansisg us riznceoue,
that cup may well contain" cider.
The new interest in dder has
had the effect of turning atten
tion upon the few cider mills and
cider bars which are scattered
about the country. These estab
lishments have heretofore existed
overshadowed by their more pow
erful rivals. They are almost
sure, now, to increase in number
and in importance.
Mill en the Avenue.
A typical cider mill is an es
tablishment on Pennsylvania
avenue. Tlie owner has been
making fider and cider vinegar,
and nothing else, at this same
stand for thirty-five years, and
yet many Washingtonians have
discovered the place but re
cently. The back part of the es
tablishment is a factory where
fifty barrels of cider per day are
turned out by steam power
presses. The front part is a bar
of the old-fashioned kind, with
a foot rest and a grateful fra
grance. Nothing but cider passes
over this bar.
The owner, a kindly old gen
tleman, is what pedple describe
as a character. He knows cider
from the tree to the stomach in
all its varieties and ages. On
his country place he raises apples
,80 that he may experiment with
different varieties in the making
of cider. He will tell you, for
example, about the Hughes Vir
ginia crabapple, a little known
brand, which is the most wonder
ful cider apple in the world.
Cider, ra&cfo nrnnerlv frnm Itiia
little red apple with the black I
IN ttee wmW
mi mm wMk wtts
sOS M K
spots, has a peculiarly delkate
flavor, and has the further
peculiarity that it will develop 10
per cent of alcohol without a trace
of acid. Of course, it need sot be
developed to that extent.
This crabapple cider also produces-
an exceptionally fine "bead,"
as the farmers say a content' of
carbon dioxide, which makes it
tickle the tongue just like soda
SuHHer Apples 'e Geed.
To make good cider the right
varities of apples must be used.
Summer apples are no good. A
fine winter apple is necessary,
such as the Ben Davis or the
Winesap. Of course, culls are
used almost exclusively, but they
must be culls of the better sort
Many rotten or wormy apples will
spoil the cider.
In the second place, the press
ing must be done in cold weather.
In fa'ct, cold is the secret of good
cider. From the day it is pressed
out of the apples until it finds
lodgment within the human sys
tem, cider must never be warm.
The layman generally associates
warmth with fermentation, but
cider ferments at any tempera
ture above freezing, and at any
temperature' above 45 degrees
Fehrenheit it will turn to vinegar.
The juice must therefore be
pressed out on a cold day and
must be put immediately in a cold
place. A cold cellar is good in
winter in cold climates. Other
wise it must be put in an ice box
or in some other form of artificial
The cask is also important. A
fifty-gallon whiskey barrel is best
What s Doing; W here; When
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was " '
A wine barrel with staves a
eeuple ef inches thick, that wSl
keep out air is also' good. A vise
gar barrel must never be meed,
nor will a cheap barrel with this,
porous sides serve the purpose.
There must be a small opening at
the top of the barel, covered with
game er screen, so that the sur
plus carbon dioxide can escape,
but the cask must be absolutely
air tight everywhere else.
If thus treated, the cider de
velops in four to six weeks a very
slight percentage of alcohol and
a fine bead. As a soft drink it
will then be at its beet, and very
delicious. After three or four
months it will probably contain
4 or 5 per cent of alcohol, and
will still be a very acceptable
drink. Some ordinary cider wiB
never develop more than 5 per
cent of alcohol.
Keep It Air Tight
At either of the stages men
tiened the cider may be bottled,
like wine, and so kept in aa air
tight condition and in a cool
place for a long time.
It is evident that the amateur
does not stand much chance of
carrying out this process with
real success. Generally, the best
he can do is to buy fresh cider
from a farmer and drink it be
fore the acetic acid begins to form.
Even if he has cold storage
facilities most of the cider that
he might buy from farmers would
not serve the purpose of shortage
because it would probably not have
been pressed under the right con
ditions or kept uader the right
conditions until it came into his
If you wish to hare good cider
this winter yew host plan would
be to buy a Barrel ef cider from
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two or three howavof interesting experience, he turned In
his mother and anana:
"Do these pM at the inaemins have to PAY to work
That was the impreesion the child received, and it
would not be sowpi4sing if a targe part of the impression
escne from the ftet that scarcely anyone ever viaite the big
engraving riant without carrying away the idea that the
men and women at work on the bur job of sopDSVinr a
hundred millioa peopk'with stamps, money, and bonds mo
I remember whom I nrst went into the factory district
of Coaaecticut twenty yeara ago. My feeling was one of
oppression. It wasn't the noise of machinery; it wasnt the
smoke or the brick, factory walla; it was because the faeee
of the workers were drawn tight, the smiles had gone, and
on the lips was a down-grade expression, exactly the oppo
site of 'that on the faces of the men and women the little
boy saw at the Bureau of Snspravmg and Printing.
There Are todfiy 6,700 employes in "the Bureau," the
experts there being the topnotchers in their class. They do
the bincest job of its kind on earth. Mo other zrann of
printers and engravers turn out such good work or so ntneh
work. No other group of emphries in their das are held to
so high a standard in both onantity and quality, and yet
I'll defy any human being on earth the more cynical the
better to go through that plant anil find a happier looking
There is something inexpressibly glorious in being
happy on the job. The smiling wisdbnam is going to be the
solvation of ATnerins, and apprentice at hanpineat eouW
well take a course under Janaes "Wihneth, director of the
In the navy there is an ma&tatiosL known as a ( happy
ship." From stem tto stem, eook, eahin hoy, hhwjaniet
nudshipman, and captain are all working toaether in a big
team, Ole ship goes faster. It is nloaner. It fakts bdbr
and shoots strngMw, ami THAT'S i mm excuse for
leWf MAT " . --- .
., No one evef saw a hapfry
The man who works Is nippiest, and ins
happy because he works and carries his liaananins into
work is better off than any king:
The Bureau of Engraving and Piintiag
million two hundred and nftr thonssnd nossn of all
veaterdav: also ninetv-nve milHon staame of all
tkns. In addition,-it turned out boles of United
bonds and a lot of little odd jobs the would tafcn i
a month to accompHsh. It witt do tne ssnss
tomorrow and the next day, and it did tnt
more of it, all during the war.
In all the war period, with everything nt
pressure, it didnt lose enonsda to worry a
sheet of stamps being unaosountnd for in all the
stamp product for two i
minute details of the Bureau's job would be
tome entire oommunitie a soeisrtstin hsadaei
be a large pain shared equally by alL But that old happy
smile pervades the rooms; of plate printers and sheet coun
Washington should be proud of that big plant and it
IS. It IS pronoer, nowever, OS. MM Bpsxifc wc auw. nasnwy
show considerable force and initiative. If the director ever
tried "to put something over," he would know by 1K90
that morning he had one.of the fights of his If e on his
hands. However, the fights are not tne rsie.
Tne smiles are.
HEARD AND SEEN
BILLY MUNDAY, oar weS-
Vw tire talssnua, tells ate a
went into a Ninth Street tea pteee
and paid twenty cents ;
sMcesbrsad. Ifd hale te tell Bfil
hew aca I paid far a toe.
I HATE A FRIEND.
"I notice the Comeback k say
ing spiteful things abont yer
military career. Anyhow, Jar.
Heard and Seen, when you reram
ori to the newspaper bsiness ye
took off year uniform and went
to WORK, which woaw Be a nov
eUv to the Comeback eKee."
y WALTER REED PATIENT.
eanploye nho is
nfinttng for fho
enough, to grtw
. wlnem would
sen.- ' La um that sin board
near Mt Rainier Jfmif
"NO Vniu&X)3 jmijjTitu
lUMht kL aa boon
rAULIN DULIN takes
with th man m this eoiumn who
fottnd fanlt with the dealers who
blamed the gen. pah. for high
prices. Carl says he hfaght efceea
for Si a pair and a salt dotaea
for SOS two wooka aga. The aaaac
day he saw a yeHNf man of his
wa sa (IS) who had paid SIS
for shoes and says all aw mens
aac payiac SS a Sft for aoamos.
-rWTway w tab aaeat af
Mil .taifhr atee it . Wsfh.
kbaa aaaaa wew BJB BBBfBBS OS aM-a a aw aaaas
" " faatBBHt oa a Unit
i- iM aaJ Ife bbjb "Viajoaary Caa
am M. a N. BaoaHoa UJDT nil ill as tor TW Him " h
-s a--i.- - aiiL-rra?rx- attrats xzzs.z
i n.... " "m iaa KWa faaaa aBam aaaOaaw VaSl
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TajjrJr mf annnajt IP? H ssnnjBBW pn ayVnw Wnnal anwnsntnsnnnBBnYf 1 annnsj faMsnujsftsjsnlsnji
iarlr known as the
gredJeat ia a Dakar's doaoa?
The Portland snJphnr aaaatk, the
Idad the asod to grow oa a eard
and which were ripped off aa nudod
aad perfttmed the air for soversi
Tea, Twear', Thirf .
Aneatthis date staff, old aaar. If
you are around here eleven years,
twenty days, one hoar, one minute
aad three seconds from right now,
aad you glance at the calendar you
can write lt-aS-M. Now hash.
Tom and Jerry noauaates C. H.
MASON as the handaomsst automo
ARTHUR H. DADM UK , Field Di
rector of the War Sewings organisa
tion, told me a W. S. S. story that
is worth repeating;
KA novel practice of thrift aad
method of nrrBmnlatlna; War Sov
iet Stamps is aoiac iaUvwod by a
yoaaa: woman CiiiBmaat employe
liviaa: ia the northwest bbWbs who
drives to and from watk la her jit
ney. Throe wefl-aaowa TiaJiimU of
ClavoJaad Park oa tiiiiiI ojuaisi
wet awaitm a sivaot oar and wore
ararisod ami eailahaad U be of
fatod a rMe to town by the
into the oar
aw with 4
i mesas. aanatj
ma rt n was'
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w amvwMM BP av wap ayQ
ft iaaBMHB Ba. 1 BjNMal afJliaBrtBg ua a
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